Approaches to Treatment and Therapy: Case Study

05 Apr 2018

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Case Study 1 (Phillip) Background Phillip is displaying multiple adverse psychological symptoms that would best fit the diagnosis of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Specifically Phillip is a compulsive washer as he maintains a high level of cleanliness, having showers up to three times a day. He also only eats frozen food in order to avoid contamination and organises his furniture, making sure that they are all ...

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Intercultural Communication Advantages and Disadvantages

05 Apr 2018

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Intercultural Communication Implication Intercultural communication is defined as situated communication between individuals or groups of different linguistic and cultural origins (Millar, n.d.). Communication is the active relationship established between people through language, and intercultural means that this communicative relationship is between people of different cultures, where culture is the structured manifestation of human behavior in social life within specific national and local contexts (Millar, n.d.). Hence, ...

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Sport Psychology Case Study

05 Apr 2018

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DOING SPORT PSYCHOLOGY1 INTRODUCTION Performing optimally on any level is daunting, but when your next paycheque depends on your performance, it adds a whole new dimension to the stress and challenges faced. By adopting more effective ways and tools to deal with these obstacles, these athletes are able to overcome these challenges and perform at their best. SECTION A – Initial contact with ...

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Theories of Leadership in Sports Coaching

05 Apr 2018

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Introduction Main Section The application of Chelladurai’s (2001) Multidimensional Model of Leadership The Multi-dimensional Model of Leadership (MML) (Chelladurai 1978,1990,1993,2001 cited in Riemer, 2007) is a framework which builds on research from non-sporting settings in order to analyse effective leadership in sport. MML demonstrates how success in leadership is influenced by many different factors (Riemer, 2007). The main objective of the leader/coach is to bring about ...

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Psychological Analysis of Crash (2004)

05 Apr 2018

4 (1,225 )

Omar Fawzy Cinema Psychology: Crash The movie Crash explains social psychology concepts through stereotypes and people’s relationships. It touches on many social psychological concepts and theories through the representation of American society’s racial diversity and discrimination. The American community contains many races. This diversity, although culturally beneficial, can in some cases lead to conflict. The movie examines a group of different people living in Los Angeles ...

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Effects of Maternal Neuroticism and Parent Stress

05 Apr 2018

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The Influence of Maternal Neuroticism, Parenting Stress and Parental Practices on Children Anxiety and Emotional Dysregulation Introduction Child behavior problems in early childhood have significant research attention especially in development psychology in recent years. However, it is not found meaningful research explaining how behavior problems are affected by parental personality, parental stress and also child rearing practices. Creech (2009) argued that parenting only mediates ...

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Social Psychology: Concepts and Research

05 Apr 2018

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Sophia Ashraf Social Psychology Assignment At times people and groups resort to negative, cruel and even murderous behaviour. Drawing upon contemporary or historical examples analyse whether this behaviour is influenced more by social pressure/structure or by something more personally sinister or selfish. Social psychologists have devoted extensive interest in studying the attitudes, feelings and behaviours of human beings. They have come up with numerous ...

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Effects on Individual Preparation for Work

05 Apr 2018

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Individual Assignment- Three Future Trends Lim Mei Nuan This assignment will talk about the three future trends that will have positive effect for an individual preparation for work and how one of it has the most impact for an individual to prepare for work. Three future trends that I will discuss are the “use of new technologies for training delivery”, “increased emphasis on capturing ...

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Organisational Commitment Study Research Methodology

05 Apr 2018

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Table of Contents (Jump to) Research Methodology Introduction Research Design Sample Population Sample Selection Sample Size Procedures Measuring Instrument Gathering of Data Organisational Commitment Job Satisfaction Job Descriptive Index and Job in General Stress in General Human Resource Management Practices (HRM) Trust in Management Turnover Intention Turnover Statistical Methods Summary Results Conclusion   Research Methodology Introduction This chapter addresses the research methodology ...

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Effect of Paradigms on Research Methods

05 Apr 2018

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Each paradigm brings a unique view to research and to how reality and all of which it consists should be viewed. No paradigm is more effective than another as each looks at reality differently. Interpretivism is a paradigm which was created as an alternative to Positivism and took an alternative approach to research by encouraging the use of qualitative, in-depth data to create knowledge. The article, ...

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Psychology Observational Analysis

05 Apr 2018

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The analysis of an individual's behaviour bridges an in-depth understanding of his character and when there is an adequate knowledge about psychology. This paper discusses a behaviour analysis of the person in a coffee shop through bio-psychosocial approach. Based on observation, his age is around 30 to 40 years old. He is busy with his laptop while smoking. He looks restless and stressed. This man has ...

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Causes of Ketamine Addiction

05 Apr 2018

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Psychology of Drug Addictions Stephanie Boaz ABSTRACT Ketamine was first discovered in 1961 but not synthesized until 1962 by a man of the name of Calvin Stevens that worked with Parke Davis Labs (http://azarius.net/encyclopedia/39/Ketamine). Stevens discovered Ketamine when searching for a replacement for PCP anesthetics. It was not until 1965 that Ketamine was later used as a relational drug which was discovered by Edward ...

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Definitions in Psychology Theories and Research Methods

05 Apr 2018

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AP Psychology Identifications History Wilhelm Wundt- (1832-1920) He is the founder of scientific psychology because he was the first person to open a Psychology laboratory in 1879. Wundt is closely tied to structuralism which uses introspection to focus on the basic elements of consciousness. Introspection- introspection is a way for people to look within themselves and describe what they are feeling and thinking. Wundt used ...

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Psychopathy or Antisocial Personality Disorder in Adults

05 Apr 2018

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Forensic Assessment of Adults II Psychopathy or Antisocial Personality Disorder Explain the relevance of assessing for psychopathy or antisocial personality disorder in an adult forensic population, as well as the reasons for assessing for psychopathy or antisocial personality disorder. According to the FBI, 1% of the general population in male prisons, 1/3% of male offenders are considered having an antisocial personality disorder, and 10-20% ...

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Effect of Age on Self-Descriptions and Characteristics

05 Apr 2018

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A small scale study involving two children aged 8 and 16 to recognise aspects of Rosenberg’s findings on how a child’s self-descriptions and characteristics change with age. Abstract This study examines the theory of Rosenberg (1989) that the characteristics of a child’s self-description changes with age. Namely, the researcher investigates how a child describes themselves changes with age as a result of experience, social interaction and ...

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Insomnia and Psychological Causes in Adolescents

05 Apr 2018

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Ruhi Mehdi Ali Insomnia and Its Psychological Correlates in Adolescents Sleep, in one form or another, is a biological necessity for all living creatures (Coveney, 2014). Insomnia is the most frequently occurring sleep disorder in which the whole body and brain are in a conflict between the desires of wanting to fall asleep and not wanting to go to the wakening status (Mushtaq 2014). ...

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Ethical Concepts in Counselling

05 Apr 2018

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Ethics pertains to beliefs we hold about what constitutes right conduct. They are moral principles adopted by an individual or group to provide rules for right conduct and represent aspirational goals or the maximum standards which are set and enforced by professional associations. The American Counseling Association's (2005) Code of Ethics states that when counselors encounter an ethical dilemma they are expected to carefully consider an ...

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Psychological Factors of Bilingualism

05 Apr 2018

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Table of Contents (Jump to) Introduction Psychological factors of bilingualism – Cognitive, Executive and Perception Based Challenges towards adopting bilingual learning in UAE and Recommendations Conclusion References Introduction Bilingualism is primarily concerned with use of twin languages in a country. This paper discusses the use of English and Arabic languages in UAE and how it related to the individual identity and psychology of people in UAE. ...

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Obesity: Causes, Effects and Treatments

05 Apr 2018

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Samantha Sensing Abstract Looking at the scope of obesity it is complex and often left with quick judgment. The purpose of this discussion is to look at the qualifications of obesity to be a listed as a disease; the impact of the disease (such as cost, statistics, etc.), the behavioral-cognitive aspect, and resolution to the disease. Findings were from journals or the Center for ...

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Speech Disorders: Causes, Effects and Treatments

05 Apr 2018

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1. INTRODUCTION: At the point when a man is not able to deliver speech sounds accurately or easily, or has issues with his or her voice, then he or she has a Speech disorder. Troubles purporting sounds, or verbalization issue, and stammering are cases of speech disorder. At the point when a man experiences difficulty understanding others (open dialect), or sharing musings, thoughts, and emotions ...

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Traits That Shape Personality: Reflection

05 Apr 2018

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Dominika Klapacz We live in a world that has over 7 billion people and even when there is so many individuals, not one person is the same. There are various characteristics that determine what type of personality a person will endure. Personality can be defined as qualities that mold an individual’s original character. It is what makes us all unique. It forever changes as ...

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Narrative Analysis of Depression Case Study

05 Apr 2018

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A Route Through Depression Loredana Lenghel Introduction Illness is a prevalent issue in today’s society. It encompasses a wide array of problems and it refers to “the subjective response of the patient to being unwell; how he, and those around him, perceive the origin and significance of this event; how it affects his behaviour or relationships with other people; and the steps he takes ...

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Service Quality Analysis of Mental Care Employees

05 Apr 2018

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The gap between professionals and client was one of the central elements of our study. The perceptual gap between providers and clients is often studied in order to measure and analyses service quality (Brown & Swartz, 1989; Klose & Finkle, 1995; Luk & Layton, 2002; Peiro et.al. 2005; Zeithaml et.al. 1990). Our findings that clients are tend to overestimate service quality is different from the findings ...

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Trauma in Adjudicated Youth and Treatment Strategies

05 Apr 2018

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Morgan Carella Abstract Research indicates there is a high prevalence of trauma in adjudicated youth (Brown, McCauley, Navalta, & Saxe, 2013; Ford, Steinberg, Hawke, Levine, & Zhang, 2012; Davis, Sheidow, & McCart, 2014; Rosenberg et al., 2014; Stimmel, Cruise, Ford, & Weiss, 2014). It is possible that effectively addressing trauma could reduce the probability of recidivism. you'll need a statement tying youth with a ...

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Effect of Mindfulness on Attention, Learning and Memory

05 Apr 2018

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Chapter-3 METHOD The present study aims to investigate the effect of mindfulness on attention, learning and memory among adolescents. Present study is of interventional nature, as it tries to manage and maintain the attention, learning and memory. The present chapter gives a detailed account of the research method used to carry out the study. The description of various methodological aspects has been presented under various headings: ...

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Clinical Psychology: History, Applications and Research

05 Apr 2018

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Clinical Psychology What is clinical psychology? Clinical psychology is the “discipline that utilizes what is recognized in relation to the human behavior principles to assist people with their several concerns and troubles they incidence throughout the path of life in their emotions, relationships, and physical selves” (Plante, 2011). The paper will talk about the history and budding nature of clinical psychology and how psychology is yet ...

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Effects of Drinking on Depression

05 Apr 2018

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Drinking And Depression INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to discuss on how drinking and depression affects an individual’s thinking, what influences people to drink and end up depressed. A country’s economy, peoples life expectancy and life in general is affected by these two catastrophes. Depression refers to being sad, unhappy over something or someone. There are two types of depression; major depression and dysthymia. ...

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Relationship Between Stress and Physical Illness

05 Apr 2018

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Nadine Thompson Outline and evaluate research investigating the link between stress and physical illness. The presence of stress has been identified as an important attribute to psychological well-being. However, through a considerable quantity of research, Psychologists have suggested that psychological encounters are capable of altering various aspects of the immune response. Supporting this, Frese (1985) suggested that stress is frequently involved in 50-70% of ...

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Sports Psychology: History, Theories and Applications

05 Apr 2018

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Emergence from Traditional Psychology Practice Practice of applied psychology emerged with the sport psychology experiences becoming more prominent every other day. This prominence highlighted the necessity for the development of athlete hostility (Friesen & Orlick 2011). According to the definition of American Psychological Association (APA), scientific study of the psychological factors that are linked with the performance and participation in sport, exercise and other types of ...

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Relation Between Psychological Well-being and Internet Usage

05 Apr 2018

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Two major paradigms have been utilized in attempt to describe interactions between psychological well-being and internet usage: a deficiency paradigm which points out that the use of media is the consequence and compensation for unsatisfactory face-to-face interactions, and a global use paradigm, where internet usage are considered to be universal in terms of behaviours in online and offline social interaction (Tsao, 1996). Studies into the usage ...

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Socio-Cultural Influences on Human Sexuality

05 Apr 2018

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Seminar 6 – Integrated Paper 3 Tara A. Fay Baker College: Human Sexuality Seminar 6 – Final Integrated Paper 3 April 1, 2015 Introduction The goal of this integrated paper is to take a closer look at the impact that socio-cultural and the influences have directly affect human sexuality. This information will help provide greater understanding of the psychological implications that it has on individuals and ...

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Theories of Criminality, Aggression and Violence

05 Apr 2018

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Criminal Psychology George C. Wall     Crime will affect every one of us one way or another at some point in our life. We may not be the one who is victimized but it may be a family member or neighbor, but we are still affected in some way. Criminals have many reasons why they choose that lifestyle, whether it is a psychological ...

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Effects of Emotion in Eyewitness Recall and Recognition

05 Apr 2018

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Aaron Glogowski     Houston, K. A., et al. (2013). The Emotional Eyewitness: The Effects of Emotion on Specific Aspects of Eyewitness Recall and Recognition Performance. Emotion, 13 (1), 118-128. doi: 10.1037/a0029220 In the world of criminal science, there are several factors that can interfere with the accuracy of eyewitness reports. This article, by Kate Houston and her team, delves into the effects of emotion on ...

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Educational Psychology: Quantitative Research Methods

05 Apr 2018

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Rachel Price Select a psychological discipline and Identify the primary research methods and designs used in that discipline, and consider why that may be the case. This assignment will look at a number research methods and designs used in Educational Psychology. While there are numerous research methods and designs used in Educational Psychology this assignment will focus on the use of quantitative research in the ...

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Neuropsychological and Neurobiological Ageing

05 Apr 2018

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By the year 2075, more than 50% of the European population will be aged 60 or more, and there will be a three-fold increase in individuals aged 80 or more, relative to the present day. It is important that our society prepares for this demographic change and endeavours to enable older adults to optimise their quality of life and autonomy for as long as possible. To ...

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Psychological Analysis of Terrorism and Terrorists

05 Apr 2018

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Bakhtawar Mushtaque ZAHRA BARKAT “Terrorism in Pakistan: why people are involved in terrorist activities - a psychological approach” “Everyone worried about stopping terrorism, well there is really an easy way: stop participating in it.”, (Noam Chomsky). A person scarifies his life to claim a few more lives, is an extreme sorrowful situation of terror act. Terrorists are the ones who cause terrorism. It is ...

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History of Social Psychology

05 Apr 2018

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Social psychology as a discipline began towards the end of the 1900s when scientists began to carry out experiments to measure human behaviours. According to Kassin et al (2013: 6), “social psychology is the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a social context”. This definition brings an important aspect of social psychology, which is different from the other artistic and humanistic attempts ...

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Effect of Superstition on the Perception of Control

05 Apr 2018

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The Effect of Superstition on the Perception of Control over a Partially Uncontrollable Situation The effects of superstition on the an individual's behaviour has long been an area of interest in psychological research. Matute (1994, 1995) showed that an individuals response to uncontrollable circumstances is dictated by their level of superstition. Individuals with low levels of superstitious belief tend to show a decrease in cognitive capacity ...

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Appropriateness of Standard Personality Tests

04 Apr 2018

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Critically evaluate the statement that it is inappropriate for psychologists to use standard personality tests to interpret and understand the Behaviour of Indigenous people such as Aboriginal Australians Standard personality testing is the name given to any form of test designed to determine different aspects of the subjects’ personality or emotional state (Merriam-webster.com, (2014). This is achieved through the designing of many smaller tasks such as ...

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Effect of Caffeine and Nicotine on the Body and Mind

04 Apr 2018

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Stacey Campbell Abstract Caffeine and nicotine are products that we are very familiar with. Both are used throughout the world and have been for hundreds if not thousands of years. They are not illegal but they are technically considered to be drugs. They affect the brain in many of the same ways that other drugs that are addictive do. Caffeine and nicotine both affect ...

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Methods of Neuropsychological Studies

04 Apr 2018

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The term ‘syndrome’ denotes the statistical co-occurrence of a cluster of symptoms. However, it is not imperative that all symptoms of a syndrome be present in a given patient. The statistical cluster is supposed to indicate an underlying cause of various symptoms. A major thrust of cognitive neuroscience is the clarification of structure - function of relationships in the human brain - understanding the relationship between ...

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Women’s Changing Role in the Family and Society

04 Apr 2018

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Nicole M. Tortoris   Today, women are tipping the balance of power in their favor. Women have gained power because society is becoming more aware of women’s potential, not only as mothers and housewives, but as businesswomen and entrepreneurs (Schoen, Astone, Rothert, Standish, & Kim, 2002). The battle of the sexes continues; women are becoming more independent and more preoccupied with their careers. Women’s ...

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Persuasive Power of Neuroimages

04 Apr 2018

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Neuroimage effect and repeated exposure: The contextual origin of neuroimage’s persuasive power Bethany Waites Erica Chastain   If you were to open up a newspaper, or visit an online news source, there is good chance that you will come across a media coverage story of a scientific research study, and that article will probably contain an image to help facilitate complicated scientific information to the ...

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How Relevant Are the Early Theories of Le Bon and Freud?

04 Apr 2018

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How relevant are the early theories of Le Bon and Freud in comparison to more contemporary theories of crowds?   One of the earliest theories of crowd behaviour was presented by Gustav Le Bon in 1895, which he referred to as group mind theory (Le Bon, 1895). He viewed crowd behaviour as acting according to primitive impulses which are lacking in reasoning and rationality. Le Bon ...

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Causes and Effects of Learning Difficulties

04 Apr 2018

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All learning disabilities are neurological disorders, the effects are from difference in the way an individual’s brain function. Children with learning disabilities can be as smart as their peers who do not have learning challenges. However, it can be difficult for children with learning disabilities to read, write, reason, recall information, spell and often times figure things out on their own without guidance. Learning disabilities are ...

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Theories of Psychopathy | Overview and Analysis

04 Apr 2018

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A lot of research has been conducted in the area of aggressive, antisocial, and criminal behaviour (Frick & Viding, 2009). Indeed, persistent antisocial behaviour results in human suffering associated with criminal offences, and high economic costs from detaining these offenders to prevent recidivism (Loeber & Farrington, 2001). What is Psychopathy? Previous findings demonstrated that over a third of incarcerated offenders have Antisocial Personality Disorder, characterized by ...

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Development of Language and Brain Support

04 Apr 2018

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Speech production is a highly skilled behavior that requires rapid and coordinated movements of the orofacial articulators. Speech and language are often confused, but there is a distinction between the two. Speech is the verbal expression of language and includes articulation, which is the way sounds and words are formed. On the contrary, language is much broader and refers to the entire system of expressing and ...

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Causal Information as Reward for Children

04 Apr 2018

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Loredana Lenghel Life-span Developmental Psychology Registration form (basic data) 1. Details of the applicant: Loredana Lenghel 2. Title of the proposal: Keeping Children Engaged – Causal Information as Reward 3. Summary of the proposed research This study proposes research on the effects of causal information as reward on the intrinsic motivation of children. Causal information has ...

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Effects of Meditation on Cerebral Activity

04 Apr 2018

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Doris L. Scheer Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania conducted the first functional neuroimaging study to demonstrate changes in cerebral activity during glossolalia (A.B. Newberg et al., 2006). It’s not difficult to find research on Buddhist practices such as meditation but few researchers have conducted studies on Christian practices such as glossolalia. In fact, this was the first time that researchers took brain images ...

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How the Communicator Influences the Audience

04 Apr 2018

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Persuasion: Who, What, and to Whom Even though people can just say no to the individual or to a group, the communicator influences the audience because people may be persuaded by the message. The communicator’s goal is to change your mind, and most people are easily influenced.(Rhoads, 1997). Social psychology helps us to identify different aspects of ourselves, and the environment in which we live and ...

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Corporal Punishment, Analysis of the Psychological Evidence

04 Apr 2018

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Controversy for the use of reasonable force and its appropriateness for reinforcing behaviours is a main issue in states (Gershoff, 2002). Corporal punishment has been deemed illegal in various countries through adopted policies and laws, though it is suggested to have been applied to 94 percent of toddlers aged between three and four (Straus & Stewart, 1999). Many psychologists believe that there is established evidence to ...

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Adults in Rebound Relationships: A Narrative Inquiry

04 Apr 2018

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Adrienne Maie C. BactolSushmita G. De Leon Kyle Marie S. CayabanMa. Fatima G. Isanan Everybody has heard of rebound fling. This type of relationship comes immediately after ending the previous relationship. Rebounds are usually not based on love, rather it is just a way for people to relieve themselves from the loneliness and hurt they felt from their break-up. They are dubbed as “rebound” ...

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Effective Job Performance Tools

04 Apr 2018

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Running head: EFFECTIVE PERFORMANCE TOOL1 Obispo, Stacey L. Effective Performance Tool The job performance tool selected for mental health care counselor evaluated performance on core competencies needed to conduct the job effectively and on organizational goals. The competencies were depicted through the US Department of Labor’s job description of mental health care workers and from KSAOs derived from The National Center for O*NET Development ...

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Critical Review of Henkel (2014)

04 Apr 2018

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Review of “Point and shoot memories: The influence of taking photos on memory for a museum tour” by Henkel   Introduction In psychology, it is important to review literature critically. Questions require to be asked of all research, both prior and subsequent to publishing. Matters such as justification for the research, the approach taken to carry out the research, the results of the research and its ...

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Theory Contributions for Modern Psychology Development

04 Apr 2018

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Contribution of different approaches to psychology for the development of modern psychology Charunya Rajakaruna   Different approaches to psychology contributed immensely for the development of modern psychology. Psychology is a large area of study with its branches in many other fields. Modern definition of psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. However the study of psychology existed even during the times ...

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Cause and Effect of Religiosity on Life Satisfaction

04 Apr 2018

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The Cause and Effect of Religiosity on the Life Satisfaction and Psychological Wellbeing Rehmatullah Mirzaali   Religiosity can be defined as “the term religiosity is derived from the word religion and it refers to numerous characteristics of religious behavior’s as well as fidelity and faith of an individual” (Khan, subhani & Ara, June, 2013). This is while life satisfaction is usually explained as a ...

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Manifestation of Anorexia Nervosa in East-Asian Culture

04 Apr 2018

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Tharushi Kaluarachchi   Mental illnesses do not exist independent of their social and historical context. Although it is generally accepted that sociocultural factors are key in the development of Anorexia Nervosa (AN), presently, it is bound by Western notions of disease as its criterion is focused on the obsession with thinness for women with the disorder. However with its evolution being mirrored in East-Asia, ...

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Environmental Influences on Happiness

04 Apr 2018

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Critical Evaluation: The Contagion Effect of Happiness The thought of happiness had sparked much interest among past psychologists. Dated back in the 20th century, happiness had been a rising area of concern. However, many studies have yet to converge on a universal definition of happiness. Despite so, several longstanding studies permit the definition of happiness to be a subjective well-being construct consisting of positive affect, negative ...

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Analysis of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanism

04 Apr 2018

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Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Humanism DOROTHY ASHTON Abstract This assignment discusses the historical brass tacks of three most important schools of contemplation within the field of psychology: Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanism. I will be using these particular theories and concepts to understand a particular case scenario. It also compares and contrasting the strengths and the limitations of each theory. School of Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis began as a ...

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Validity of Brain Scanning Images to Study Human Behaviour

04 Apr 2018

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The study of psychological phenomenon has shifted to focus more on brain activity. Critically evaluate the validity of using brain scanning images to study human behaviour Behavioural neuroscience is a term primarily developed in the early twentieth century and refers to the brain processes and physiological functions that produce human behaviour (Robinson et al, 2005). Pioneers of physiological psychology such as Karl Lashley (1950) surgically produced ...

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Biological Basis of Learning, Memory and Motivation

04 Apr 2018

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Human beings are animal. In this world there are lots of animals but human have some special qualities that are why we are the most complex social structure on earth. We live in society there are included family, tribes, clans, nations. We have an incredibly sophisticated method of interacting speech. We can communicate over time and distance through printing and broadcasting. We have longest memories. We ...

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

04 Apr 2018

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Introduction Fetal alcohol syndrome is a set of birth defects caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. The occurrence of FAS varies from 0.5 to 3.0 per 1,000 live births. However, it can be much higher depending on the community; low socioeconomic status and race seem to be a contributing factor in those who are most at risk. (play therapy) The prevalence of FAS is thought ...

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Literature Review on Emotions Across Cultures

04 Apr 2018

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Ms. Shweta Gaikwad RESEARCH METHODOLOGY OF EMOTIONS ACCROSS CULTURES (EMIC, ETIC OR A COMBINATION OF BOTH) Introduction: The terms emic and etic were coined in 1954, by linguist Kenneth Pike, who argued that the tools developed for describing linguistic behaviors could be adapted to the description of any human social behavior. Emic and Etic are terms used by anthropologists and by others in the ...

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Concepts of Language and Cognitive Development

04 Apr 2018

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1. Introduction Language is a symbolic system in which a limited number of signals can be combined according to rules that can provide an infinite number of messages. An important milestone in human development is mastering some type of language. (Sigelman, Rider & De George-Walker, 2013). Language is the primary method that adults pass on culturally valued models of thinking and problem solving to their children ...

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Gino and Mogilner’s (2014) Hypothesis | Critical Review

04 Apr 2018

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Critical Review of Focus Paper: Assessing the credibility of Gino and Mogilner’s (2014) hypothesis and applications Joanna Huang Abstract The focus paper by Gino and Mogilner hypothesises that the reason for previously witnessed relationships between time, money and morality is due to the mediator, self-reflection. Gino and Mogilner (2014) operationalise the construct of morality to measure the subsequent cheating in participants through controlled laboratory ...

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Psychological Benefits of Sports on Youth

04 Apr 2018

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Jonathan Johnson   "Taking part in game can enhance the personal satisfaction of people and groups, push social consideration, enhance health, counter hostile to social conduct, raise singular respect toward oneself and certainty, and augment skylines." (sportscotland, 2003, p7) Consistent interest in physical movement (PA) is basic for great health. Animated individuals profit from larger amounts of health-related fitness and are at easier danger ...

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Effect of Blind Dates on “Leftover Women”

04 Apr 2018

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Group Member Names: Yuki Maggie Lainka Yolanda   In China, a woman is easily described as “sheng nv” or” leftover woman” when she is over 27 or 30 years old and still remains single (Magistad). But among these leftover women, they mostly have beautiful appearance, high education and incomes. Actually, some leftover women really do not worry about their marriage, but they are under ...

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Analysis of Treatment Options for Depression

04 Apr 2018

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Cognitive Therapy Donna Thompson An accruing relapse of depression is hard to overcome nevertheless; preventing these relapses is the key. The length of depression constitutes a major problem in the treatment of depression. The aim of any treatment is to lessen relapses and the recurrence of depression in patients. All patterns are different and the level in mental codes that are used in the ...

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History of Modern Psychology: Anna Freud

04 Apr 2018

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Male visionaries dominated in the philosophical contributions to the psychology as a formal discipline; however, many prominent women pioneered major roles in psychology history between 1850 and 1950 (Goodwin, 2005). Freud Sigmund was not only among the Freudian to build credibility in psychology field, this is because Anna Freud-her youngest daughter took career in psychology and made important contributions in the history of psychology. The paper ...

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Impact of Prejudice and Discrimination in Canadian Society

04 Apr 2018

5 (1,887 )

Arjun Pasricha Introduction Words like prejudice and discrimination have become common terms and they are referred often in our daily life, such as media, books, news, casual conversations, and political discussions. Prejudice and discrimination have been in focus since 1960s and these issues have been researched extensively since the last few decades. This surge of interest to understand the impact of prejudice and discrimination ...

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Theories of Health Change Behaviour

04 Apr 2018

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Introduction To understand the processes and causes of change in health related behaviours still represents a challenging process for health professionals (Orleans, 2000). People’s decisions to engage in such behaviours are affected by factors such as attitudes and beliefs and psychosocial variables (i.e. demographic, psychological or cognitive) which impact the decision-making process of planning behaviours. Thus, it is important to understand the interrelationship between these factors ...

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Effects of Depression on Brain Function

04 Apr 2018

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Depression The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) diagnose children and adolescents with major depression with signs that include loss of interest and sadness for two weeks straight. Psychologists usually will also look for at least five more symptoms on top of the other two symptoms. These include “changes in sleeping or eating habits (weight and energy), psychomotor agitation or retardation, feelings ...

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Effect of Cultural Exposure on Ethnic Identities in Adoption

04 Apr 2018

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How has cultural exposure shaped the ethnic identities of Asian children who have been adopted into American families? Emma Schroeter   This essay assesses the effects of cultural exposure on the ethnic identities’ of Asian transracially adopted children. It examines how cultural exposure shapes the ethnic identities of Asian children who have been adopted into American families. To do so, the variety of cultural ...

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Effect of Peers and Gender on Risk Taking Decisions

04 Apr 2018

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The Effect of Peers and Gender on Risk Taking Decisions on Breaking the Rules of College Students Frances Mae H. Balandan Jaymie Aileen T. Huang Patricia Audrey D. Lansang Louie Belle M. Regente Dorothy Joy S. Sy Abstract Keywords: peers, genders, rules, risk-taking The researchers would like to know if clustering and gender affects the decision making of college students that involves risk. Clustering ...

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Gender Differences in Multitasking: Texting During Lectures

04 Apr 2018

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Today, the communication technology has been growing widely to the extent that we can communicate with each other anytime and anywhere. As long as there is Wi-Fi or network coverage, our smartphones, tablets or computers can be used as a communication tool or a gadgets for us to receive new information in the world. Consequently, this function is so easily accessed by all, we are able ...

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Psychological Effects of Single Parent Family

04 Apr 2018

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION The purpose of this project proposal is closely observer the psychosocial problems faced by adolescents from single mother families in the state of Selangor which has higher level of divorce and separation cases. Thus, the intent of this proposed study firstly is to identify, the influences of the family, social system and socioeconomic issues which cause the rise of psychosocial problems ...

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Determining Cognitive Functioning of Individual

04 Apr 2018

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Serial assessment in neuropsychology is necessary to make inferences regarding an individual’s level of functioning, i.e. to determine whether there has been ‘real’ improvement or decline, outside of measurement error, normal variation and clinically insignificant change [1]. A number of psychometric methods have been developed in order to interpret changes in test scores over repeated occasions of assessment. The associated problems and processes that are involved ...

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Effect of Video Games on Society

04 Apr 2018

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Sam Hawkwood Over the past several years, games have received a lot of attention because of their content. Ever since the advent of the truly interactive video game – especially first person shooter games – people have been looking for signs that such media has a negative effect on. Games that are seen as violent have come under a lot of scrutiny and never ...

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Effects of Olfaction and Pheromones | Literature Review

04 Apr 2018

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Abstract: A favorable scent goes a long way. An odor or fragrance (commonly referred to as a smell) is caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds, generally at a very low concentration, that humans or other animals perceive by the sense of olfaction. Odors are also commonly called scents, which can refer to both pleasant and unpleasant odors. Scent plays a very important role in our lives. A pheromone ...

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Freudian and Neo-Freudian Psychoanalysis Theories

04 Apr 2018

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Literature Review Ehren Lee Sze Tseng   Introduction In this assignment, I will explain the concepts of Psychoanalysis through the thoughts of perspectives of Freud, Jung, Erikson, Adler, and Horney. This review is the study of Freudian’s, includes only Freud, and Neo-Freudian’s, includes Jung, Erikson, Adler, and Horney, Theory of Psychoanalysis. By using the following 7 journals in my research, I will perform critical ...

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Conversation Analysis of Doctor and Patient

04 Apr 2018

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Conversation Analysis Overview To conduct the conversation analysis, the research had to analyze the short recording to the discussion in detail and analyze it from different perspectives like therapeutic, legal, business, health, family, or social context. There are different things in the conversation of people which researcher has analyzed like pause between the conversation and sentences, short and long pause, increase and decrease in the pitch ...

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Relationship between Aggression and Parenting Styles

04 Apr 2018

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5.1 Introduction This chapter includes the summary of the study, the conclusion derived from the study. The implication of the study and the limitations are also discussed in this chapter followed by the future research suggestions. 5.2 Summary The purpose of the study was to the level of aggression, between adolescents with different styles of perceived parenting style of their fathers. The sample included101 adolescent girls and ...

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Effect of Age Stereotypes on Balance Performance

04 Apr 2018

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Question 1: An important aspect of physical functioning is the ability to stay balanced. How may expectations generated by age stereotypes influence older adults’ balance performance? Critically review psychological theory and research relevant to this issue, and discuss broader implications for interventions that may support healthy physical functioning of older persons. Loh Qiu Yan Melissa   Abstract Older adults face wide range of age ...

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Risks and Treatment

04 Apr 2018

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Bryan Hines Abstract Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a very dangerous mental health condition. It effects a great many people who have been victims of traumatic events that change their outlook on life and the world around them. The purpose of this paper is to provide basic insight to the disorder, the risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options used by the many trained professionals ...

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Effect of Word Combinations on Accuracy and Response Time

03 Apr 2018

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Christina M Karibian Abstract Throughout our daily lives, we tend to display many behaviors that are considered automatic. The Stroop effect has been replicated numerous times to help study the phenomenon of automatic behaviors, since John Ridley Stroop's original findings. The goal of this experiment was to study the reaction time and accuracy on congruent and incongruent word combinations. The congruent words were of ...

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Treating Depression With Online Optimism Intervention

03 Apr 2018

5 (1,636 )

Does proneness to flow states affect effectiveness? Researchers of depression have often focused on the role of negative future-oriented cognitions in the development and maintenance of the disorder (e.g., Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979; Abramson, Alloy, & Metalsky, 1989). Beck (1967, 1976) asserted that depressed people possess a negative cognitive triad consisting of negative views of the self, world, and the future. Extensive research on ...

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Preferences of Temperature and Sizes of Drinks in Genders

03 Apr 2018

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Koh Ke Mian   Different Preferences of Temperature and Sizes of Drinks between Males and Females In this era of globalization and urbanization, the need of intake caffeine is getting common. Most people have the need of drinking a cup of coffee or others beverage which contain caffeine before going to work or school. According to Mayo Clinic Staff (2011), healthy adults take moderate ...

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“Still Alice” by Lisa Genova: Book Review and Analysis

03 Apr 2018

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Kelcie Crain   Book Review “Still Alice” by Lisa Genova was the story of Alice Howland, a fifty year old woman. She was married to John, a researcher at Harvard University. She also had three children: Lydia, Anna, and Tom. Alice worked at Harvard University but as a psychology professor with a focus on linguistics. Alice and John spent most of their time at ...

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Analysis of Mental Rotation Study

03 Apr 2018

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Cheang Yin Yan Introduction Q1.What is mental rotation? ANS: This is the ability of people to have mental representation and manipulation of three-dimensional physical object, on two-dimensional plane. Shepard and Metzler (1971) demonstrate that people can mentally represent two physical objects on two-dimensional plane as three-dimensional and rotate analogously either one object to match the orientation of the other. Q2. What did Shepard and Metzler ...

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Effectiveness of the Lasallian Values Inventory (LVI)

03 Apr 2018

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Statement of the Problem The study seeks to determine the effectiveness of the Lasallian Values Inventory or LVI in measuring Lasallian values. It aims to validate the instrument as a measure of Lasallian values. The specific research objectives examined in this study are as follows: To determine the reliability estimate of the Lasallian Values Inventory. To establish evidence of construct validity by exploring and extracting ...

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Dehumanization of Black Children Research Analysis

03 Apr 2018

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Christeen Perera Critical analysis of the research experiment “The essence of innocence: consequences of dehumanizing black children” The research named “the essence of innocence: consequences of dehumanizing black children” was conducted by Phillip Atiba Goff and Mathew Christian Jackson of the university of California, Brooke Alison Lewis De Leone of the national center for post traumatic stress disorder in Boston Massachusetts, Carmen Marie Culotta ...

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Reflection on Group Work Need for Closure (NFC)

03 Apr 2018

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UNNOP UATRAKUL   INDIVIDUAL REFLECTION Introduction There are many activities on human life that uncertain, ambiguity or lack of information, Human mind is very incredible due with this situation. However, the time available for seeking more information is limited and must be ended at some point. We have to depend on the information that we have to make our judgment. The motivation to terminate is ...

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Theories of Personality: Overview and Analysis

03 Apr 2018

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Captain TJ McCorriston   1. The term personality is very difficult to define and has been the focus of much debate since the beginnings of psychology. Two major ways to study personality were described by Gordon Allport in 1937; idiographic and nomothetic classes. Idiographic psychology focuses on each detail of a person’s unique personality while nomothetic psychology attempts to describe general traits that can ...

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Food Addiction: Causes, Effects and Treatments

03 Apr 2018

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Food Addiction Susan Corder Abstract With the focus on what people eat and how much they eat being the center of attention in the world today the investigation into food addiction has brought an interesting view to our attention. With the astounding rate of obesity in our country attention must be given to the reasons why this is happening. Research has found that some ...

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Pro-social Behaviour: Empathy, Perspectives and Distress

03 Apr 2018

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Empathy and Prosocial Behavior Empathetic people will be more likely to perform prosocial behavior as they are able to feel others’ distress, suffering, and pain (Taylor et al., 2013). Taylor et al. (2013) conduct a study to measure the development of empathy and prosocial behavior and found that empathy is associated to prosocial behavior as empathy will develops and enhance children’s emotional understanding, perspective taking, and ...

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An Unquiet Mind by Kay Jamison

03 Apr 2018

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Mood Disorders Yan Fang Zhao Term Paper on An Unquiet Mind by Kay Jamison Jamison’s memoir An Unquiet Mind delivers a riveting history of her bipolar disorder which permeated the theoretical perspectives of the Behavioral Activation System Dysregulation Model and the Integrative Model of Approach and Avoidance in Depression, Beck’s Cognitive Model of Depression, and interpersonal functioning in ways that are both consistent and ...

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Relationship between Depression and Parkinson's Disease

03 Apr 2018

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John C. Hemby     Parkinson’s disease has affected people from different walks of life, from the poor to the famous, i.e. Michael J. Fox. These famous individuals are responsible for putting forward momentum in the study and cure of the disease. Statistics show that 1 million Americans are currently diagnosed with this disease, not to include those that are living undiagnosed (Piccinni, et ...

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Theories of Sexual Deviant Behaviours

03 Apr 2018

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Obispo, Stacey L.   Introduction It is generally accepted amongst academia that learning behaviors have been attributed toward the acquirement of sexual deviant behaviors (Atkins, 2004; Beauregard, Lussier, & Proulx, 2004;Brom, et al., 2013; Hall & Hall, 2007). Sexual deviant behavior is defined as maladaptive, aberrant and compulsive behaviors which include sexual offenses, fetishes and paraphilia (Atkins, 2004). Problems arise when sexual deviant behaviors collide with ...

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Relationship between Language and Thought

03 Apr 2018

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To what extent is thought affected by language? Language is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as method of human communication, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Schacter, Gilbert and Wegner (2012) expand on this stating language is a system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to the rules of grammar. Not only human ...

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Differences between Self-Efficacy and Self-Confidence

03 Apr 2018

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Introduction Self-confidence and self-efficacy are the most important self-perceptions in both sports and exercises. They contribute to either good performance or poor performance in sports if not carefully developed. According to – these two major self-perceptions are subject to adjustments and therefore, developing a person’s self-confidence or self-efficacy might contribute to greater improvement in sports and exercise performance. In this research one will major on comparing ...

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