Impact of Prison Nursery Programmes

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

2 (655 )

This article is about whether the infants need prison nursery with imprisoned mother. Its aim is to tell us the infant needs secure attachment with mother. The participants are divided into two groups: mother and infant in one-year prison and mother and infant in 6 months' prison. Both group are tested and measured for the attachment and strange situation. The article shows that the infants ...

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Bilingual Ease of Second Language Process

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

2 (686 )

Jonczyk, R., Boutonnet, B., Musial, K., Hoemann, K., Theirry, G. (2016). The bilingual brain turns a blind eye to negative statements in the second language. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 16: 3, 527-540 Introduction: This study was designed to examine how bilinguals, when reading their second language process the content of the material and the ease or difficulty they have doing so. There has been minimal prior ...

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Research Process and Characteristics

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

8 (3,166 )

Task 1: Research Article    Research is the process of arriving at a solution to a problem through the planned and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data (Crano, Brewer, & Lac, 2014). Research based on the scientific method is when; a problem is identified, relevant data is collected, a hypothesis is formed from the data, and the hypothesis is tested (Coolican, 2014, p. 10; ...

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How is Birth Order associated with Relating to Parents?

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,340 )

A Regression Study. Abstract Birth order always had a stigma around it, in terms of affecting how people relate to their parents. This study consisted of 432 people aged 18 and above who were asked to solve a questionnaire which explored how the following; age, gender, student status (student/ not student) employment status (working/ not working), number of sibling and birth order, might affect the ...

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Research on Stress

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,278 )

Analyzing Stress Hans Selye was the first psychologist to study stress (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). He spent a very long time studying how animals react to certain things, and then went to humans shortly after that (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). Selye found out that the human body shares a specific pattern of physiological responses to illness or injuries (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). Also, Hans suggested ...

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Ethical Research: Little Albert and Well of Despair

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,081 )

Ethics is needed for psychology experiments to make sure that it will not bring any harm to the participants. Ethics has six main rules to unsure that the experiment stays in the ethical guide lines. The rules of Ethics are; Informed consent (Making sure that all the participants are able to give consent themselves or an appropriate person can give consent, the Experimenter must also ...

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Traditional and Modern Mindfulness

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

18 (7,158 )

Why do we need to embed ourselves in practice? A review of the literature considering the need to experience mindfulness practice and have a regular practice to teach MBCT/MBSR Introduction: Mindfulness Definitions: What is mindfulness? This has become in recent years an ever more diverse and contentious question[DD2] (Shapiro 2009, Monteiro et al 2015). With The huge expansion of interest in mindfulness and mindfulness based ...

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Phonological Processing of Second Language Phonemes

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,063 )

"Phonological processing of second language phonemes: A selective deficit in a bilingual aphasic." Eviatar, Z., Leikin, M., & Ibrahim, R. Presented by: Alejandro Lopez-Ambriz The research detailed a case study on a bilingual Russian-Hebrew speaker, R.K, recovering from bilingual aphasia. The patient did not have problems with semantic processing after suffering a stroke, but did have issues processing words in Hebrew unless they were spoken ...

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Audiovisual Cues in Bilingual Language Acquisition

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,369 )

Article title: Bilingualism modulates infants' selective attention to the mouth of a talking face Authors: Pons, F., Bosch, L., & Lewkowicz, D.J. INTRODUCTION (379 words) This paper explores audiovisual cues' important role in bilingual language acquisition and processing. They conducted two experiments to (1) extend the findings of the Lewkowicz & Hansen-Tift study (2012) studies to pertain to monolingual infants of non-English native languages (Spanish/Catalan), ...

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Exercise as a Treatment Option for Anxiety and Depression

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,081 )

"Mental health disorders are major contributors to sick leave and disability pensions". (Martinsen, 2008, p. 25) "Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental health disorders". (Martinsen, 2008, p. 25) As a result of this great cost to the public, researchers have set out to find alternate ways to effectively treat anxiety. The effect of exercise on persons suffering from anxiety is continuously debated. ...

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Cross-linguisitic Experience on English Idiom Comprehension

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,187 )

"The Role of Cross-linguisitic Experience on English Idiom and Proverb Comprehension: A Case of Iranian Turkish Learners of English as a Foreign and Third Language," by Behnaz Moein, Robab Khosravi, and Hooshang Yazdani Introduction Bilingualism is extremely important in today's day and age with approximately two-thirds of the world's population growing up in primarily bilingual environments. In the study done by Moein et al. (2009) ...

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Analysis of Group Dynamics

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

7 (2,657 )

This research assignment analyzes two important areas of group dynamics: Group formation and structure and leadership. The purpose of this assignment is for students to work in small in-class groups, experience the two important areas of group dynamics and to reflect on them. The objective of this paper is to compare and contrast the experiences the group had, with the research and theory that is ...

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Oxytocin Effects and Uses

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,355 )

Oxytocin and Its Effects and Uses for the Human Body  Abstract This paper discusses oxytocin and how it is distributed throughout the body and the ways its functions. It covers how oxytocin is a crucial hormone in the bearing of children and breastfeeding of the child. Also it delves into the many other things like how oxytocin is known to effects how we trust and ...

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Impact of Negative Priming on Reaction Time

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,525 )

Inhibitory processes in selective attention: how negative priming affects reaction timeAbstract To date, many research delineated potential evidence that prove the presence of an interference in the response time to a stimulus that was before inhibited in order to focus on precise information. In the experiment a within-subjects design was used. The performance of these participants was evaluated in a computerised task based on Stroop ...

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Theory of Blind and Proper Obediance

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,466 )

An Examination of the Line Which Can Be Drawn Between Blind, Dangerous Obedience and Proper, Acceptable Obedience. In the course of the history have been different ways which people are acting in the same behavior without breaking society's dynamics. Leveillee explains that "Obedience is a part of the foundation of society" (2011, p. 1). It has been a great tool for people should be interact ...

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Placebo Effects of Marketing Actions

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,393 )

Article: Placebo Effects of Marketing Actions: Consumers May Get What They Pay For by Shiv et al. (2005) Summary Shiv and colleagues looked at how beliefs and expectations brought about by marketing actions can cause an effect on the actual efficacy of the marketed product (Shiv et al., 2005). In the preliminary study, an energy drink was either sold at its regular price or discounted ...

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The Vaccine and Autism Debate

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

9 (3,273 )

ON JUNE 11, 2007, NEARLY 5,000 PARENTS OF autistic children filed a lawsuit against the federal government, claiming that childhood vaccines (specifically the mercury-containing thimerosal in the vaccines) caused their children's autism. The previous year the New York Times ran a col-umn that was skeptical of the alleged link between autism and vaccines. It generated this comment on an Internet message board. which is typical of the anecdotal thinking that perpetuates the claim:  You ...

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Theory of Planned Behavior Approach

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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INFLUENCING FACTORS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION IN STUDENTS Abstract Using the Theory of Planned Behavior approach, this study aimed to examine the structural equation model (SEM) of factors that cause the formation of entrepreneurial intention in college students. In addition, this study also provides an illustration of what the underlying factors correlated with the formation of entrepreneurial intentions in male students and the underlying factors correlated with ...

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Motor Lateralisation in Domestic Cats and Dogs

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

7 (2,697 )

Lateralized behaviour in humans has primarily been characterized as "handedness" - preference to use one hand over the other (Mutha et al., 2013). Once considered to be uniquely human trait, lateralized behaviour patterns recently been reported in animals, such as apes, horses, dogs, cats and mice (Aydinlioglu et al., 2000; Bard, Hopkins, & Fort, 1990). However, most of the research has focused primarily on non-human ...

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) in Low Self-Esteem (LSE)

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

13 (5,098 )

1.Introduction This case study focuses on a CBT intervention for a client presenting with Low Self-Esteem (LSE) issues and anxiety. The case study will particularly focus on low self-esteem as this was the main issue for the client. Its aims are: to build on existing experience and knowledge; to have a greater understanding of CBT and its application to anxiety disorder and LSE; and how ...

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Childhood Aggression Risk Factors

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,503 )

Childhood aggression Aggression in children has become an important issue for modern society, especially with the new means of entertainment which may include violence, and the collected evidence of aggressive behavior being detrimental to a child's development (Li, Putallaz & Su, 2011; Mitrofan, Paul, Spencer & Weich, 2014). For instance, children who demonstrates high levels of aggression in early childhood are much more likely to ...

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Research on Husband Support on Female Job Stress

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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RELATION BETWEEN HUSBAND'S SUPPORT WITH WOMAN EMPLOYEES' STRESS LEVEL OF DEPARTMENT OF MANPOWER AND TRANSMIGRATION OF YOGYAKARTA PROVINCE ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the relationship between husband's support to the job stress on woman employees of Manpower and Transmigration of Yogyakarta province. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a negative relationship between husband's supports to the job stress on woman employees. ...

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Power of Introverts and Introversion

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,626 )

The Examination of the Power of Introverts and Introversion Nowadays, we often meet someone who needs hours alone every day; who loves quiet conversations about feelings or ideas, and can give a wonderful presentation to a big audience, but seems awkward in groups and maladroit at small talk; who has to be dragged to parties and then needs the rest of the day to refresh. ...

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Philosophical Influences on Psychology

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,346 )

Who is nowadays not interested in the human behavior? In fact, this interest is not a new thing and the philosophical influence started in the 18th century in France. This interest of philosophical ideas on psychology can be traced back to the ancient Greeks where Aristotle and Plato have dedicated themselves in this filed. Starting with the man who invented the defecting duck, Jacques de ...

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Impact of Rape Participation Program

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,252 )

Article Summary: Foubert, Newberry, & Tatum Foubert, J. D., Newberry, J. T., & Tatum, J. L. (2007). Behavior Differences Seven Months Later: Effects of a Rape Prevention Program. The Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 44, 728-749. The authors of this article investigated the effects of male first year students' participation in the rape prevention program, The Men's Project, and compared groups of participants ...

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Understanding Ethical Research

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,338 )

Psychological experiments for research in modern society requires following ethical guidelines. This is based off the Belmont Report written by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Services of Biomedical and Behavioral Research legally stated on 18th of April 1979. These guidelines include informed consent, confidentiality, anonymity, voluntary participation, debriefing and avoiding physical and mental harm. In historical psychological experiments it went against these ...

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Genetics and Sexual Orientation

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (877 )

Robin Tyler once said, "If homosexuality is a disease, let's all call in queer to work: 'Hello. Can't work today, still queer.'" It is the precedent that any sexual orientation other than heterosexuality is a disease that is the problem in society rather than the orientation itself. There is proof, however, that there could be a correlation between genetics/prenatal conditions and sexual orientation. Just as ...

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Communicating Risk Information

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,782 )

What negative consequences may occur when communicating risk information in the "real-world" and how can insights from cognitive psychology help? What is risk? Ahmed, Naik, Willoughby and Edwards (2012) offered a definition, simply by stating that risk is a probability that something dangerous will provoke harm in the future. Then, what is risk communication? Since the literature about this topic is so vast, a good starting point ...

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Age Constraints on Second-Language Acquisition

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (824 )

Introduction: The main topic of this study is to see if the age in which a child immigrates to America has any affect on their relationship with English. The authors tested native Korean speakers, all of whom moved to the United States at various ages on their understanding of English syntax and phonology. They were testing them to see if the critical period hypothesis stands. ...

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MIND Charity Analysis - Expansion Plan

25 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Evaluation of MIND's Internal and External Environment in Light of Its Expansion Plans The aim of this report was to analyze the internal and external environments of MIND in relationship to its expansion plan. MIND is one of the leading mental health care providers around the UK and wanted to provide special services to domestic violence victims from the London Borough of Camden. There are various ...

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Dissociative Identity Disorder Case Study

14 Aug 2017 30 Aug 2017

8 (3,016 )

Case Summary/Case Conceptualization Identifying Information: Kevin is a thirty-something-year-old, single, Caucasian male; referred to Gibson Center for Wellness mandated by the court system as part of his sentencing. Kevin reports living alone underneath the Philadelphia Zoo, where he works, in the basement of the maintenance building. Kevin states he has never been married and does not have a relationship with his mother or father. Kevin ...

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Definitions of Intelligence

15 Aug 2017

4 (1,237 )

The discussion would depend on one's definition of intelligence. The Oxford dictionary defines intelligence as, "the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills". Can one inherit that ability or does that ability need to be learned? It could be said that you don't need intelligence to acquire knowledge just the ability to listen or read coupled with the ability to remember. Everyone is born ...

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Issues in Social Media for Teenagers

15 Aug 2017

2 (721 )

Dear Shannon Kyle After reading your article on the "10 Reasons Social Media Is Great for Teenagers" I understand that your argument is essentially that social media is great way for teenagers to find entertainment and to network. I also acknowledge the fact that social media is convenient way to expand your social circle. However, on the whole, I am in disagreement with your article ...

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Social Determination Theory and Motivation in Sport

07 Aug 2017

4 (1,332 )

Understanding of motivation in terms of sports is vital for predicting the reasons for sports engagement and commitment (Iso-Ahola and St. Clair, 2000). Thus, a thorough exploration of how types of motivation (i.e., intrinsic vs. extrinsic) are associated with sports engagement is vital for keeping an interest in sports. Several sports studies have integrated the self-determination theory (SDT) framework to understand sports commitment (Pelletier et ...

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Outcome Evaluation for Addiction Recovery for Moms (ARMS)

07 Aug 2017

8 (2,935 )

Brief Vignette Addiction Recovery for Moms (ARMS) is a nonprofit, outpatient substance abuse treatment program located in Ventura, CA, for women residing in Ventura County.  The program has been in existence for 10 years and offers alcohol and drug assessment and individual and group therapy for women, ages 18 and over, who are pregnant, have children under age 17, or are attempting to regain legal ...

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Analysis of Methods Used to Test Hypotheses

07 Aug 2017

4 (1,413 )

Sinclair, Verosky, Richeson, and Lun examined whether or not intergroup attitudes would affect the speed at which Black or White faces appeared to be moving, focusing specifically on Blacks. The researchers viewed this question as important because motion perception can reveal information about whether or not interracial threat changes the way Whites perceive how fast or slow Blacks move. Previous research supports the idea that ...

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Depiction of Eating Disorders in the Media

07 Aug 2017

2 (621 )

When Hanna begins her binging habits, her friend teaches her how to be bulimic, and is one of the primary contributors to her eating disorder (King, Goldsmith, & Lagomarsino, 2011). After Hanna's binge eating episode, she was crying and looked ashamed, and her friend taught her how to purge so that she could lose weight (King, Goldsmith, & Lagomarsino, 2011). Her friend was encouraging her ...

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Impact of Hypnotherapy on Weight Loss

31 Jul 2017

4 (1,323 )

The battle of the bulge: a war of two minds! Obesity in the developed Western world is increasing. Research from the World Health Organisation (2016) states that worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980. More people die from being overweight and obese than they do being underweight. Obesity, however, is preventable so why, in an age when we have easy access to healthy, fresh ...

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Ethics of Educational Psychologists

31 Jul 2017

8 (3,061 )

What are the ethical and other implications of an Educational Psychologist working with a child/family with a low incidence condition? Low-incidence condition A low-incidence condition is an extremely uncommon condition affecting the relatively small number of individuals (Brown & Brinkman, 2004). Unfortunately, the educational practices and services required to meet the needs of low-incidence disability learners have received insufficient attention in psychology research literature ...

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Behavioural Treatment of Anxiety Disorder Analysis

31 Jul 2017

5 (1,699 )

Compare and contrast the behavioural treatment of Panic Disorder (with agoraphobia) using exposure in vivo, with David Clark's therapy treatment of panic. Evaluate critically the merits of each approach. Introduction. This essay will explore the similarities and differences between how panic disorder (with agoraphobia) is conceptualised and treated by a behavioural approach (xxx), using exposure in vivo, and David Clark's CBT treatment approach (xxx). This ...

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Self-Confidence in Sport

27 Jul 2017

4 (1,408 )

"Dodge Ball: A True Underdog Story" Summary of movie or situation "Dodge Ball: A True Underdog Story" is a 2004 American sports comedy film focuses on a rivalry between the owners of Average Joe's, a small gym, and Globo-Gym, a competing big-budget gym located across the street. In the film, the owner of the smaller gym, has defaulted on his mortgage and enters a dodge ...

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Social Learning Theory and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

27 Jul 2017

4 (1,521 )

Introduction This essay will summarise and review two psychological theories. I will discuss Bandura's social learning theory and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. I will then apply Banduras social learning theory to a generic patient in my care explaining why the theory is helpful, concluded on why these theories are useful for practicing within health care. Bandura Bandura is a behaviourist, he believes that an individual's ...

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Measuring Individual Kindness Research

27 Jul 2017

4 (1,379 )

Theoretical Construct The present study set out to measure kindness in individuals, however, with this being a multifaceted construct it was crucial to identify a singular definition allowing accurate measurements to be made, thus the questionnaires construct of kindness was defined by Eisenberg's (1986, p.63) as 'voluntary, intentional behaviours that benefit another and are not motivated by external factors such as rewards or punishments'. Individuals ...

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Regression and Abreactions: Are they Necessary for Neurosis?

27 Jul 2017

3 (950 )

Research already undertaken indicates that regression therapy can be of benefit to individuals. The claims are that it can help a person 'return' to a point in their life where trauma occurred and help them to understand how the impact of the event may have affected their behaviour and choices (Good Therapy, 2007). If the intention of the therapy is to release repressed emotions, it ...

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Cognitive Ability on Job Performance

27 Jul 2017

4 (1,243 )

The recruitment of successful and productive employees is incredibly important for organizations. There are many available tools for organizations to make careful selections. Organizations can set minimum qualifications, utilize personality assessments, require work samples or work simulations, and perform cognitive ability testing among other options. Spector (2012) discusses the criterion-related validity approach to selecting employees. There are two parts to this approach. The first is ...

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Do Bilingual Students have Greater Metalinguistic Awareness?

27 Jul 2017

3 (1,071 )

Main Reference: Ter Kuile, H., Veldhuis, M., Van Veen, S. C., & Wicherts, J. M. (2011). Bilingual education, metalinguistic awareness, and the understanding of an unknown language. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 14(02), 233-242. Introduction: The main questions that the researchers focused on was whether bilingual students had greater metalinguistic awareness, and if they did have greater metalinguistic awareness, whether this greater metalinguistic awareness would help ...

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Reflection on the Use of 'Active Imagination'

24 Jul 2017

3 (1,194 )

‘Active Imagination’ by Akira Zosens, 2014. As ‘Student Art Therapists’, we have experienced a variety of therapeutic techniques with the opportunity to receive valuable client feedback. A particularly powerful session, for me as both client and therapist was a process that incorporated Active Imagination. ‘Active Imagination’ was a method articulated by Carl Jung in 1935 (Stevens, 1994), which involves the exploration of the imagination through contemplation ...

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A Study of Depression in University Students

24 Jul 2017

4 (1,534 )

In this paper, a test created and conducted in order to understand depression level among university students. Depression is a mood disorder that causes a tenacious feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is also named as major depression, major depressive disorder or clinical depression, which can prompt to a variety of physical and emotional problems and influences how you feel, think and act. Moreover, ...

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Biological/Neural Basis of Learning, Memory and Motivation

24 Jul 2017

4 (1,441 )

Biological/Neural Basis of Learning, Memory and Motivation Learning Learning is a process by which we incorporate new knowledge generated as a result of experiences. The creation of such experiences is converted into memories stored in our brain. There is basically no learning without memories. Learning is a powerful process that quite literally shapes our life. But we must not overstate the importance of any psychological ...

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Critical Review of 'The Foot-in-the-door Technique' Study

24 Jul 2017

4 (1,287 )

Critical Review of 'Compliance without Pressure: The Foot-in-the-door Technique' The Journal of Personality and Social PsychologyAugust 1966Jonathan L. Freedman and Scott C. Fraser Introduction Foot-in-the-door phenomenon is a technique to get individuals to comply for a larger request by first getting them to agree to a much smaller request. This technique is currently being used in many fields of business to get costumers to purchase what ...

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The Effects of Gender on a Child’s Ability to Conserve

24 Jul 2017

6 (2,294 )

The Effects of Gender and Number of Questions on a Child’s Ability to Conserve Abstract Piaget did not differentiate between genders in his developmental theory. Since girls and boys develop differently biologically, do they also develop differently cognitively? Six-year-old participants (N=2) were engaged in a conservation tasks experiment to investigate the role of gender in the ability to conserve. One of the criticisms of Piaget’s conservation ...

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Human Development:Heredity, Environment & Parental Influence

24 Jul 2017

8 (3,012 )

Human Development Through Heredity, Environment and Parental Influence Abstract: Over the past 100 years , has focused a study of environmental impacts , and to analyze the genetics of the human personality aggressive , timid , introvert , social , and positive or negative qualities of the other . Over the past few years, entered the human development issues in the countries' policies , particularly ...

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Influence of Parenting Styles on Academic Performance

24 Jul 2017

4 (1,519 )

A Critical review: Parental Warmth, Control, and Involvement in Schooling: Predicting Academic Achievement among Korean American Adolescents A model published in the late 1960’s by Baumrind (1968) stipulated that different types of parental style could influence the academic, social and psychological development of their children. The model has been revised over time, and now incorporates four parenting-style categories determined by the levels of warmth and control ...

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The impact of Social Media on Romantic Relations

21 Jul 2017

5 (1,941 )

For all of the positive facets of the increased social connection that Facebook enables, including the help it may provide at the academic level, maintenance of relationships, there may also be some costs for those individuals who are in romantic relationships. My data show a significant association between romantic jealousy and jealousy-related feelings experienced on Facebook. Long time back, flirty gestures of interest remained entirely within ...

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Analysing Results: Gambling and the 'Certainty Effect'

21 Jul 2017

6 (2,243 )

Decision-making processes occur continuously in our daily lives. Some decisions do not require much thinking, such as putting on your shoes before leaving the house. These decisions are almost automatic. Other types of decisions require more rational thinking. Pros and cons are weighed out, and the option that yields the best outcome is chosen. However, cognitive psychologists have found that rational decisions are not always the ...

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Causes of Addiction and How to Counteract it

21 Jul 2017

4 (1,509 )

What causes addiction, and what is the best approach to counteract it? Due to its ambiguity, addiction is intentionally omitted from the official Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) (American Psychiatric, American Psychiatric, & Force, 2013). Similarly, with the exception of gambling disorders, all other groups of repetitive behaviours (e.g. sex addiction) are omitted from the DSM-V due to insufficient peer-reviewed evidence needed to ...

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The Effects of Music Genres and Gender on Memory Retention

21 Jul 2017

9 (3,477 )

The Effects of Music Genres and Gender on Memory Retention Background of the Study Mobile phones, MP3 players, Smart phones and any gadget that plays music instantly is readily available in this generation. People have easy access to music; they can listen to it anytime and anywhere, especially students. Music has now become a part of people’s everyday lives, that’s why some students tend to listen ...

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Psychoanalytic Theory Case Study Examples

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

6 (2,374 )

Keywords: case study analysis psychology, behaviourism vs freud The study analysed George a 35year old high school teacher who has recently been hospitalised due to the presentation of certain psychological symptoms. Approaches that have been considered for George's treatment include both Freud's psychoanalytical approach as well as behaviourism. Psychoanalytical approach hypothesised that George's symptoms have occurred due to inner conflicts that resulted as a consequence of his ...

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Person Centred Counselling Case Study Examples

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

8 (2,804 )

Keywords: counselling case study essay, person centred case study Background Information Rose, mother to five year old daughter, appears to be well spoken and articulate. No details in regards to Rose's marital status, work or family apart from her daughter were readily apparent from the session. No information is provided as to whether Rose has other children, or family living and work arrangements. Unfortunately, there is ...

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Child and Adolescent Development Theories

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

8 (2,857 )

Keywords: piaget theory, erikson stages, bandura developmental theory Child development is the process of change and stability in children from conception through adolescences (Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2008). Throughout history child development was not looked at as a priority and little attention was paid to the many advances in cognitive abilities, physical growth, and language use. Children were viewed as miniature adults and also considered a burden. ...

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Psychology for Health and Social Care

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

10 (3,771 )

Keywords: psychology in health and social care The aim of this essay is to explore my understanding of the psychological factors which influence human behaviours and the effects these factors may have on individuals who use health and social care services. I will focus on the basic approaches such as behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and psychodynamic to understand these behaviours. I will also use concepts from psychology and ...

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Factors that Impact Prenatal Development

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

3 (1,095 )

Keywords: stress prenatal development Today, it is well documented that there are many factors that could potentially harm or negatively influence the development of an unborn child during the prenatal period (1). These risk factors include a mother's age and her nutrition during pregnancy; if there was drug, alcohol, or cigarette use or abuse; as well, potential maternal diseases, such as AIDS or rubella, and environmental hazards, ...

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Psychology Theories of Emotion

23 Mar 2015 20 Jul 2017

3 (1,034 )

Keywords: james lange theory, schachter singer theory This topic is under the evolutionary, social as well as the cognitive perspectives of psychology. The evolutionary perspective seeks to understand the reason behind human emotions; the social area focuses on the emotions of the individual as a product of their environment whereas the cognitive field provides a description of the thought processes of the human brain when an emotional ...

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Singapore's Crisis Management Services

20 Jul 2017

5 (1,613 )

The general definition of a crisis in the context of a psychological standpoint is often presented as “an emotional or physical response to some precipitating event or series of events that disrupts our normal day-to-day functioning.”( “Crisis Management,” n.d. P1). In simpler terms, when we come across a incident that causes our daily lives to be in disarray because of the way we are reacting to ...

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Review of Eric Johnson's 'Psychology and Christianity'

20 Jul 2017

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Review of Eric Johnson's 'Psychology and Christianity: Five Views' TITLE: Psychology & Christianity: Five Views EDITOR: Eric L. Johnson EDITION: 2nd CONTRIBUTIONS BY: David G. Myers, Stanton L. Jones, Robert C. Roberts & Watson P.J., John H. Coe & Todd W. Hall, David Powlison PUBLISHERS: Intervarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois YEAR OF PUBLICATION: 2010 NUMBER OF PAGES: 319 PRICE: £14.37 Introduction This book discusses five views ...

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Principles of Scientific Thinking and Examples

20 Jul 2017

5 (1,872 )

Scientific thinking skills in people’s behavior Psychology is not a science. It is the scientific study which relates the behavior, brain and mind. It is based on the collecting data from evidences, ingests them, analyses them, then conclude that. Scientific thinking skill is all about the study which tells about the learning and thinking strategy of people. That how they took any kind of idea from ...

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Case Study: Clinical Diagnosis of ADHD

20 Jul 2017

4 (1,522 )

The rationale of this assignment was to precisely diagnose Marla and to discover causes and potential treatments for her disorder. Marla is a 42 year old Hispanic female who approach to the mental health clinic feeling “jumpy all the time,” complaining of having problem sleeping, and incidence an incapability to concentrate. (Joan Rachmel, syllabus description of final assignment) These symptoms are sourcing problems for her for ...

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Harlow and Ainsworth

23 Mar 2015 19 Jul 2017

4 (1,454 )

Keywords: harry harlow and mary ainsworth, compare harlow ainsworth Attachment refers to the early relationships of caregivers, usually mothers, to infants and the manner in which such early care giving relationships foster development in infants (Senior, 2009). In this sense, attachment can refer to the emotional or affective bond given by caregivers to infants and vice versa (Harlow, 1958; Ainsworth, 1969, 1979, 1982, 1989; Ainsworth et. al., ...

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Relationship between Theory And Research

23 Mar 2015 19 Jul 2017

8 (3,093 )

Keywords: best research methods, research design theory 2.0. Introduction Research methodology is a term used to define the overall systematic approach undertaken in the process of trying to solve a research problem(s). It is also understood as the science of studying how research is done scientifically (Kothari, 2004). Neuman (2006, pg. 60) stated that "methodology is what makes social science scientific". It is very important to distinguish ...

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Ability Job Fit

23 Mar 2015 19 Jul 2017

10 (3,845 )

Keywords: ability job fit organizational, ability job fit theory What is more likely to lead to high work performance a fit between ability-job or between personality-organisation? Introduction The aim of this assignment is to construct an argument to support the proposition, that Performance-Organization fit is more important over Ability-Job fit, for higher job performance. Scope and Definitions The scope of the assessment covers only the area of ...

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Authoritarian Parenting Theory

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

11 (4,340 )

Keywords: authoritarian parenting pros and cons The research question for this essay is 'How does authoritarian parenting impact children and adolescents in relation to their social skills.' The aim of this essay was to explore whether the authoritarian style of parenting enhances or undermines children and adolescent's social skills and how effective it is compared with other styles or parenting. In addition the essay will explore the ...

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Who Am I? Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

6 (2,183 )

Keywords: why i am who i am essay, who i am essay The concept of self comes from the past and future; how an individual was, and who the individual want to be. The self attempts to maintain a constant relationship with its various elements and the external world by creating identities discerned and defined by connection with the external social environment. In addition to this, the ...

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Raven's Matrices Test

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

6 (2,083 )

Raven's Progressive Matrices or Raven's Matrices are multiple choice non-verbal intelligence tests of abstract reasoning, originally developed by Dr. John C. Raven in 1936 and firstly published in the United Kingdom in 1938. The purpose of these tests is to assess reasoning in the visual field. To perform these tests, participants have to identify the correct missing piece to complete a larger pattern, in each test item. ...

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Pattern Recognition Psychology

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

5 (1,669 )

Keywords: pattern recognition in cognitive psychology Pattern recognition is a skill of how people identify the objects in their environment which is what we do all the time in our daily life. For example, you can recognize your teachers, friends, and also which items can eat or cannot eat. Everything in the world has its own pattern. Our superiority over computers as pattern recognizers has the practical ...

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Role of Personality and Career Success

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

5 (1,992 )

Keywords: personality and career choice Choosing a career plays a crucial part in an individuals life .More often than not we come across people who are unsuccessful or unhappy in their work life in spite of working hard. They feel as if the work is a burden and they do it mechanically without any interest and thus they are not enjoying it at all. It seems that ...

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Evaluate Theories Of Cognitive Development

23 Mar 2015 18 Jul 2017

5 (1,654 )

Keywords: evaluate theories of cognitive development ib This essay will explore similarities and differences between Piaget's and Vygotsky's respective theories in explanation of childhood cognitive development. Specifically it will examine their stances on the importance of social interactions in influencing development. I will give a brief overview of the four "grand theories" which initiate perspectives, epistemology and methodology within debates on development. Piaget's and Vygotsky's particular theories ...

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Hot Cross Bun Formulation

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

22 (8,454 )

Keywords: hot cross bun cbt, padesky hot cross bun The purpose of this study is to reflect on the package of care offered to a client and to critically evaluate the evidence base for the model which might be considered 'best practice' for a specific client problem, or issue. This entails identifying a particular client's presenting issues while describing the evidence that is available for a suitable ...

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Are Offender Profiles Useful in Police Investigations?

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

10 (3,913 )

Keywords: offender profiling essay, offender profiling evaluation In recent years, there are more and more people have become increasingly fascinated by offender profiling because of the influence of media. An example of this is the well-known criminal profiling film The Silence of the Lambs, which is based on the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. Some television shows such as Millennium, Profiler and The X-Files are ...

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Self Esteem Case Study

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

9 (3,322 )

Keywords: rebt approach, dibs self help, self esteem therapy She has being in the same company for the past 15 years and was recently promoted to a managerial position, following the completion of her first degree. Since assuming her new position, she has become very anxious about her ability to function in her new capacity. She has been feeling lethargic and struggles to get up in the ...

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Bowlby Juvenile Study

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

6 (2,361 )

Keywords: bowlby thieves study, john bowlby juvenile thieves In the following essay I will be looking at the case study of John Bowlby and the 44 Juvenile thieves. I will be describing the original hypothesis of the study and what Bowlby aimed to find. I will then look at two other key psychological studies into human behaviour. Once I have looked at all three of the studies, ...

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Human Behaviour and Social Environment

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

6 (2,340 )

This article is about the human behavior and the various factors which affects the human behavior. One of the factors that have a great impact on the behavior of human is the social environment and here all types of sociological effects are discussed. Various individual environmental factors and their impact on behavior are also discussed here. Inheritances also affects the human behavior and in this article two ...

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Carl Rogers' Theory of Person Centered Approach

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

7 (2,569 )

Keywords: bacp ethical framework, ethical framework in counselling This report will discuss and evaluate what the key issues are within the counselling profession and show a better understanding of Rogers theory of Person Centred Counselling. Explaining the issues that counsellors come across in the counselling profession as well as outlining the BACP Moral Qualities and Ethical Framework. There are many factors in the counselling profession that will ...

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Therapeutic Integration Strategy

23 Mar 2015 17 Jul 2017

13 (4,863 )

Keywords: egan skilled helper model, pluralistic framework Historically counsellors and psychotherapists were trained within a single theoretical orientation. In their practice, this initial theoretical orientation, would on the whole 'stick' with them throughout their career (McLeod, 2009). With several counselling and psychotherapy approaches being developed in the second half of 20th century, a substantial body of available literature to helping became available (Hollanders, 1999). The downside of ...

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Children and Personality Development

15 Jul 2017

8 (2,876 )

CHILDREN & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT Factors shaping Child's Personality Development Personality could be defined as 'a dynamic organisation, inside the person, of psychosocial systems that create the person's characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts and feelings' (Allport, 1961, p.11). Personality is a comprehensive concept and yet there is not a universally accepted definition of personality. However, major assumptions are that personality is stable, consistent, internal and different (Hampson, ...

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Introduction to study on Psychology, Postmoderism & Pakistan

15 Jul 2017

5 (1,724 )

Abstract This study struggles to find out the postmodern themes that are related to psychology in Pakistan. For this purpose a novel Sifar Se Aik Tak is selected which is based on the themes of postmodernism and postmodernity and is analyzed with Foucaulidian discourse analysis. Different themes were extracted from the novel. Some of the major themes include Identity Construction and Identity Transcendence from Traditional to ...

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Personality and Counseling: A Case Analysis

15 Jul 2017

5 (1,690 )

Personality and Counseling Theories: Case Analysis Introduction It is an incredible, yet trying time in this day and age to live by one’s self. Even a productive member of society can have particular issues coping with the harsh realities of the world. This can bring about a tumultuous amount of feelings, emotions and trauma; sometimes it can result an individual in devolving to a more childlike ...

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Violence in Video Games Essay Outline

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

5 (1,714 )

Keywords: video game violence essay outline "Greater realism leads to greater immersion; greater immersion leads to greater effects. One of those effects can be increased aggression" (qtd. in Wake forest University). Violent video games have detrimental effects on children, and give them a distorted view on how the world works and how they should behave. Therefore, there should be restrictions placed on selling video games to minors, ...

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Prosocial Behaviour Essay

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

6 (2,260 )

Keywords: prosocial behaviour psychology, prosocial behaviour define We have all probably helped other people at some point in our lives and most of us help others many times each day. Our giving of help need not be complex; it may be nothing more than holding a door open for someone loaded with books or shopping or a parent carrying a child and may also help the proverbial ...

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Pros and Cons of Mixed Methods Research

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

12 (4,508 )

Keywords: mixed methods research advantages For every job or task there is a specific tool befitting such work. Similarly, every researcher after having identified the scope of their research needs to apply a particular method of research in order to attain the best results. Interestingly, there are some methods of research that when applied or used together the acquired results will be forthcoming. Hence the concept of ...

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Mind Body Problem Psychology

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

6 (2,249 )

Keywords: mind and body concept, mind and body philosophy Mind Body Argument Mind Body Influence How often are we consciously aware of what our mind communicates to create the responses from our bodies? A seemingly logical argument would be that the mind is like the “puppeteer” of the body, sending signals to create physical responses. But is this strictly a one-way street of interaction or could the ...

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Organismic Valuing Process

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

9 (3,238 )

Keywords: organismic valuing process carl rogers One of the most prominent concepts within psychoanalytic therapy is that of transference, as developed by Freud (1912), it is a process whereby the client unconsciously redirects their feelings and attitudes about a person in their past on to the therapist. Freud (1912) understood that these feelings can come in two forms either by the means of positive transferences, in which ...

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Self-Efficacy Theory in Nursing

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

10 (3,964 )

Keywords: limitations of self efficacy theory, self efficacy strengths Introduction Several studies have identified noncompliance as a major problem in health care, especially in the management of chronic diseases (Hailey and Moss, 2000; Hansen, 2001; Polaschek, 2003). About 20% of dialysis patients fail to comply with prescribed regimen because they doubt their ability to, continuously, endure the discomforts they experience while on dialysis (Martchev, 2008). The theory ...

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Career Counselling Psychometric Tests

23 Mar 2015 14 Jul 2017

11 (4,167 )

Keywords: career counselling report This book has explored career counselling and the use of psychometric tests in career counselling, as well as issues related to career development. In this chapter we discuss the written report. The focus will be on the traditional method of report writing. However, we also explore the post-modern career report. In this chapter we provide the basic components of a well written report, ...

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Behavior Therapy Concepts, Procedures and Applications

23 Mar 2015 13 Jul 2017

5 (1,998 )

Keywords: behavior therapy case study The key concepts of Behavior Therapy begin with view of human nature, which is a technical view of human behavior that entails a methodical and well thought-out tactic to counseling. Furthermore, this view does not depend on a deterministic hypothesis that a person is a consequence only of their sociocultural conditioning; the present view suggests a person is the manufacturer and the ...

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Working Memory Model

23 Mar 2015 13 Jul 2017

4 (1,499 )

Keywords: baddeley working memory model, working memory model analysis Memory has always been an interesting area of Psychology for researchers to investigate. As memory processes cannot be seen or measured, many theories have been put forward as to how and why information can be stored differently, and why some of this information can either be forgotten straight away or remembered for long periods of time. One memory ...

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Importance of Measurement in Research

23 Mar 2015 13 Jul 2017

9 (3,424 )

Keywords: validity and reliability in research Measure is important in research. Measure aims to ascertain the dimension, quantity, or capacity of the behaviors or events that researchers want to explore. According to Maxim (1999), measurement is a process of mapping empirical phenomena with using system of numbers. Basically, the events or phenomena that researchers interested can be existed as domain. Measurement links the events in domain to ...

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Individual Differences in Organisational Behaviour

03 Oct 2016 13 Jul 2017

8 (2,930 )

Keywords: individual differences impact on organizations The impact of individual differences on organisational behaviour is becoming more and more tremendous. Especially in organisation’s recruitment and selection process, individual differences are highly concerned by employers. Considering the development of organisational effectiveness, researchers spent more time on the study of individual differences to discover how they may affect individual performance so to influence organisation’s performance. Robbins (2003, p.103) ...

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Applying Piaget's Theory in Counselling

23 Mar 2015 11 Jul 2017

5 (1,882 )

Keywords: paiget theory application, jean piaget theory application Psychotherapists utilise diverse theoretical models within the counselling environment. With each approach, theory or method that is in use today there are a number of key supporting elements which allow the skilled psychotherapist to understand and contextualise the human condition, based on a foundation of knowledge of how human beings learn, grow and develop physically and psychologically. One such ...

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Schizotypal Personality Disorder Traits

23 Mar 2015 10 Jul 2017

9 (3,235 )

Keywords: schizotypal speech, schizotypal traits, schizotypal disorder To those who find themselves in contact with schizotypal individuals' they often range appearing eccentric and aberrant to outright bizarre in their actions. Their behavior is clearly erratic. School and employment histories of these individuals show marked deficits and irregularities. Not only are they frequent dropouts, but they drift from one source of employment to another. If married, they are ...

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Conformity and Obedience Research Studies

23 Mar 2015 10 Jul 2017

6 (2,228 )

Keywords: conformity theories, obedience theories Conformity has been defined in number of ways. Crutchfield (1955), defined conformity as "yielding to group pressure". Mann 1969 agrees with Crutchfield, however Mann (1969), argues that it may take different forms and be based on motives other than group pressure. (Gross p 479) Conformity is a change in belief or behaviour in response to real or imagined group pressure where there ...

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