Differences between Self-Efficacy and Self-Confidence

03 Apr 2018

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Self-confidence and self-efficacy are the most important self-perceptions in both sports and exercises. They contribute to either good performance or poor performance in sports if not carefully developed. According to – these two major self-perceptions are subject to adjustments and therefore, developing a person’s self-confidence or self-efficacy might contribute to greater improvement in sports and exercise performance. In this research one will major on comparing and contrasting self-efficacy and self-confidence and how they are applicable in both sports and exercise settings.

Differences between Self-Efficacy and Self-Confidence

Self efficacy is not that judgment of what a person has done but what that person thinks he or she can do. It is that perception of one having the power or a belief to effect and produce by completing particular tasks or activities related to competence. In other word it is the process to understand ones personality. Self efficacy relates to person’s perception of his or her ability to reach certain goals or objectives. For instance, one may believe he or she is capable of performing in certain matter which will produce certain goals. An athlete or a footballer that has high level of self-efficacy has expectations of getting positive outcomes.

Self confidence on the other hand is viewed as the ability of a person to possess total sureness of feeling that he is equal to the task. It is described as the self assuredness about an individual’s judgment, power and abilities. If a person has self-confidence, that traits shines through that person in all he or she does, say or in what they look. A confident person can simply combat hurdles of life and can even influence others by their impressive personality and positive attitude. A confident footballer or athlete believes in themselves, they do what they think and feel is right for them and they are never afraid of failure. Thus, self-confidence is very important in every aspect of a sportsman or woman lives since out of confidence, one gets success.

Secondly, self-efficacy depends on the past situations. One has to consider when he or she is up to the task in that last situation and what he or she has done previously in that situation. If a person has a high level of self-efficacy in sports or exercises, one feel and act in certain way which catapults him to success. In this manner, one’s motivation to do a specific task or to perform well in particular areas is heavily influenced by her level of self-efficacy.

Self-confidence is described as what one realistically expects to do or ones innermost thoughts about his or her realistic capabilities. It can also be viewed as a realistic judgment about what a person is able to do not what he or she deed in the past. Self-confidence is developed from the bottom. Meaning that as an athlete, one should attempt to enhance the self-efficacy by accumulating success experience in a specific situation. As the self-efficacy increases, the state of self-confidence improves. Making a good stop increases once defensive self-efficacy during a game. Thus, a strong overall defensive game enhances the state of self-confidence to play well overall.

Self-efficacy is viewed as self-confidence is particular situations. However, self-efficacy affects the choice of sports or activity, persistence at the sports, and the amount of effort extended. For instance, somebody might be generally self-confidence in certain sports but when it comes to playing golf that were not good at, they might have very low self-efficacy in that circumstances. Self-efficacy is described as the belief pin an individual capability in executing and organizing sources of action which are required in managing prospective situations. In other word, self-efficacy is described as the self judgment to an individual’s belief in his or her own abilities and competence. People with very high level of self-efficacy seeks challenges, attribute success to the internal factors such as effort and ability and these elevate confidence and also increases expectations of succeeding in the next challenge. However, individuals with low level of self-efficacy; adopt some avoidance behaviors, give up easily as well as become anxious when a task is difficult and attribute failure to the internal factors. This result to a decrease in confidence and reduces expectations of success in the next challenge. On the other hand, self-confidence lowers the anxiety by creating a positive expectation of success. Additionally, self-confidence increases ones motivation by raising the perceived competence and enhances one concentration by eliminating distraction from a negative personal putdowns and thoughts.

Self confidence is described by – as the assertion or the trust in oneself, believing in a person’s own aptitude, making choice that might be referring to the general context or to the specific doings or events. It can also be referred to as self-assurance. On the other hand, self-efficacy is that capability of a person to attain required outcomes. Those sportsmen and women with high level of self-efficacy tends to have high desire , high obligation and also are able to reinstate themselves after facing failures better than those individuals with low level of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy enables individuals to view heavy responsibilities and tasks as challenges to be tackled or handled rather than as a risk or danger which has to be avoided at all times. According to – feelings of a greater or higher level of self-efficacy is associated with improved performance in the athletics competition or in exercises as well as improved levels of any sport related performance.

Self-confidence is described by – as the belief which one can successfully execute specific activity instead of the global trait which accounts for the overall optimism. It is a more stable and a comprehensive personality characteristic, whilst self-efficacy is unstable, fluctuating and changing rapidly depending on circumstances. As the self-efficacy builds, the levels of self-perception increases and in return, builds self-confidence.


In conclusion, self-efficacy plays a crucial role and it is the key contributor to good performance especially in sports and exercises. When a person has high level of self-efficacy, he is expected to perform better in sports than that person who has lower level of self-efficacy. Lacks of any believe in one’s own capacity, one can never perform fit in any task or activity. One will not have the drive to do things if the drive does not come from deep inside a person heart. Understanding self-efficacy as a specific situation can eventually affect the overall levels of the self-confidence of a person, hence coaches or leaders in various sports can see importance of building a subordinate self-efficacy. Since raising the feeling of competence in all the areas of sports or exercise helps in building the overall self-confidence, one must determines the strategies to help in the development of a positive self-efficacy sports and excercises.

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