Research Designs and Methods Assessment

13 Apr 2018

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Shallene K Green   Research Designs and Method There are three most commonly used research designs used in human lifespan development research. These designs are used widely to test traits and characteristics in human development. They include cross-sectional, longitudinal and cross-cultural designs (Toplak, West & Stanovich, 2014). To understand each design, is to look at how each can change and affect a life. Cross-sectional ...

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Religion and Spirituality Integration in Therapy: Ethics

13 Apr 2018

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Ethical Issues for the Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy Danelle J. Hollenbeck   Abstract Psychologists are professional who have undertaken a code of ethics mandatory in practicing psychology. Ethical issues arising from religion and spirituality that is integrated into therapy requires psychologists to undertake a moral and ethical view on treating these clients. This paper addresses the codes in which psychologists adhere ...

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Effect of Schemas on Our Understanding of the Social World

13 Apr 2018

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Victoria Lishman With reference to relevant research studies, evaluate the extent to which our understanding of our social world is constrained by our schemas. Every[p1] day people use their senses to gain a lot of information about the world they live in. To help filter the important information, (people) human beings have developed processes to help make sense of the world around them. One ...

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Neural Correlates of Religious Experience

13 Apr 2018

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An Exploration of the Reason, Methods and Research of the Neural Correlates of Religious Experience Jennifer Romano Abstract Spiritual and Religious experiences often remain and power and mysterious aspect of humanity. The aim of this paper is to address the reasons, methods and literature around the neural correlates of these events. Studying the underlying mechanisms behind these phenomenons can be controversial as it raises ...

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Effect of Motion on Facial Recognition Skills

13 Apr 2018

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Introduction Humans have a remarkable capacity to learn and use facial motion to extract personal characteristic to recognize another individual’s facial motion which is considered is one of the most active areas of research in the field of computer vision and pattern recognition and numerous algorithms have been proposed to handle various aspects of the problem such as illumination, pose, expression, age (Aggarwal, Biswas , Flynn, ...

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Positive Social Competence in Mainstream Deaf Students

13 Apr 2018

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A Study of Behaviors, Characteristics and Environmental Aspects Michelle Swaney Social Competence of Mainstream Deaf Students Mainstreaming of deaf students in the general education classroom has drastically increased over the past 10 to 15 years. Generally, deaf students in general education/mainstream settings demonstrate lower social competence (e.g., self-concept, self-esteem, social skills and peer relationships) (Antia, Jones, Luckner, Kreimeyer, & Reed, 2011) reporting feelings of ...

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Influence of Religion and Education on Moral Judgement

11 Apr 2018

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Morality & Education How do people explain what is moral? Or what is right or wrong? Morals signify what is right or wrong and it mainly depends on the cultural context. According to Lalonde in lecture, morality is the behaviour that people regard to be right or wrong, morality depends on culture and as a result morals are culturally imbedded into a person in a particular ...

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Causes of Occupational Stress

11 Apr 2018

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Occupational stress can be referred to the physical pressure such as weary as well as body pain (Beehr et al., 2001) ( cited in Nazim & Shahid Jan, n.d., p.292) and mentally pressure such as weary, anxiety, depression, insomnia, incurred by oneself occupation or job (Millward, 2005) ( cited in Nazim & Shahid Jan, n.d., p.292). There are two types of stress, which are eustress and ...

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Neurobiological Mechanisms that Cause Aggression

11 Apr 2018

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Review of the Neurobiological Mechanisms Which Underpin Reactive Aggression in Humans: a Closer Look at Monoamine Oxidase A (MAOA) Module 1: Prosocial and antisocial behaviours across the lifespan Violent acts have a significant toll on human societies: annually over 1.6 million deaths worldwide occur due to human violence (Viding & Frith, 2006). Although acts of aggression have an important adaptive purpose, when overexpressed, they may result ...

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Psychological Distress Experienced by Medical Students

11 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION The psychological distress of medical students is more commonly associated with stress, anxiety and depression [1]. It is a fact that tertiary medical education is highly stressful due to factors that include academic pressures, obstacles to their goal achievement, environmental changes, life challenges such as transition from school to university and the change in role from student to knowledgeable physician [2,3]. Even though there were ...

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Developing Resiliency Skills in Childhood

11 Apr 2018

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Arti Pasrija Issues in Young Child and Care   Research Question: Is it important to teach and foster resilience skills in early years of childhood? Adversity or negative experiences are faced by all children in their childhood. For example, when a child is trying to learn a new skill on the first day of his/her school, a child maybe suffering from some medical condition ...

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Differences on Reaction Time and Accuracy During Enumeration

11 Apr 2018

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Visual field differences on reaction time and accuracy during enumeration ABSTRACT This experiment tests the difference in performance of reaction time and level of accuracy between visual fields during enumeration. The results show that the left visual field has an advantage over the right visual field for reaction time and level of accuracy. However, the results of the repeated measures t-test found that there was a ...

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Addition to Pain Medication: Causes, Effects and Treatments

11 Apr 2018

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Pain Medication Addictions Angelia Holland People are going to the doctor when they are nothing wrong with them to get a prescription for pain pills. People are getting more and more addicted to prescription pain pills. When doctors do not prescribe them a prescription because they suspect that are abusing the pills, then they will buy them for someone. These pills will not stop ...

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Gender Differences in Personality

11 Apr 2018

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With relevant theory and research evidence, critically discuss the view that there are gender differences in personality One’s sex, or biological reproductive chances, can be seen as a discrete component to one’s gender, or their psychological perception of themselves used for identification (Phares, 1991). These perceptions of gender differences can be extremely influential from an early age, as seen in Rubin, Provenzano and Luria (1974) study ...

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Psychosocial Characteristics of Breast Malignancy

11 Apr 2018

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Substantial resources have been shared out to research into the psychosocial characteristics of breast malignancy in the last twenty years. Initial studies in this field mainly focused on describing the emotional experience of women with breast malignancy and also attempted to develop interventions which can reduce psychosocial distress and prepare them to cop-up with the situation. Ferlic M, Goldman A, & Kennedy BJ (1979) conducted a ...

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Type A Personality Implications with Stress Related Illness

11 Apr 2018

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VULNERABILITY OF TYPE A PERSONALITY TO STRESS-RELATED ILLNESSES DUE TO THEIR ERRATIC PERSONA Angelica Marie C. Jarabe Outline Type A personality is prone to stress-related illness because of their 3 major negative characteristics and attitudes towards work. Introduction “It’s not the stress that kills us; it our reaction to it.” – Hans Selye. Stress is inevitable part of our existence. The self-imposing reaction of our body ...

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Growth of Cognitive Thinking During Adolescence

11 Apr 2018

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Cassie Craft 1) When a child grows from early childhood to adolescence there are some cognitive changes in the brain. They grow faster at times and slows down when they get into adolescence. In the following I will be describing the process of growth from early childhood to adolescence. I personally have watched my daughter go through these changes. She currently is in the beginning stages ...

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Benefits and Applications of Sports Psychology

11 Apr 2018

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1. Introduction Currently, sport psychologists utilize numerous interventions and techniques intended to enhance the performance of athletes in competition, one of which is the cognitive approach. (Greenspan & Feltz, 1989). Focusing on the understanding of information and the relationship between concepts will allow the sports psychologist to be able to enhance teaching, learning, knowledge, regulation and performance. (Glassman & Hadad, 2009). 2. Skills Attainment and Performance ...

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Personal Identity and Its Effect on Pre-procedural Anxiety

11 Apr 2018

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1.0 Introduction In contemporary healthcare systems, one of the key ways of diagnosing and treating medical conditions is through invasive and minimally invasive procedures on patients. Some of these procedures are accessing the intravenuous system for treatment (venipunctures), blood collection for investigations (phlebotomy), lumbar punctures and biopsies. Regardless of age, sex or ethnicity, patients endure anxiety and pain associated with these invasive procedures (American Pain Society, ...

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Attachment, Cognitive and Language Development Influences

11 Apr 2018

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Introduction In this paper we will discuss the Case Study of Hannah G. We will look at different theories to Attachment, Cognitive and Language development. We will look at how parenting styles and influence in the marital system can influence a child. We will look at how genetics and environmental factors influence development, as well as a child temperament. Attachment theory Bowlby believes that attachment isn’t ...

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Narratives and Memory Work by Nick Rowe | Analysis

11 Apr 2018

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Aengus Donald A 1000 word review of one of the recommended chapters or articles. Students will choose a chapter or article from one of the prescribed texts, and write a review of the content, as understood by the student in terms of: the writer’s intent, the psychodramatic theory, and its application to practise. Response: Review of Chapter 4: Narratives and Memory Work, by Nick ...

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Impacts of Stress on the Well Being of Undergraduate Nurses

11 Apr 2018

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Sanober Fazal   Introduction Every person in this world is surrounded by different kinds of stresses. (Kohler et al., 2006) as cited in (Martos et al., 2012) “stress refers to a dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment. In this interaction, demands, limitations, and opportunities related to work may be perceived as threatening to surpass the individual’s resources and skill”. Stress in my ...

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Accounting for Individual Differences in the Workplace

11 Apr 2018

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Introduction In today’s society, there is little doubt that individual differences are certainly important in the workplace as one of critical predictors of training outcome, individual productivity or stress at work. For the reason it affects us most in every way to name a few, we perceive and respond information, our abilities and skills such as logic, creativity and critics, etc., it is necessary for an ...

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Is Psychology Reductionist and Is This a Bad Thing?

11 Apr 2018

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Reductionism can be defined as a theory that reduces every complicated phenomena into a number of simple psychological components or principles and then identifies or explains these phenomena merely in terms of those fundamental parts (Sloane, 1945; Peele, 1981; Ausubel, 1982; Barendregt & Rappard, 2004; Vul, 2011). For instance, in psychological studies reductionism tend to oversimplify all cognitive processes, human behaviour or social activity into more ...

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Factors That Shape a Child’s Personality

11 Apr 2018

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There is a growing interest in factors that influences and shapes a child’s personality, genetics and environmental factors are the two most prominent factors that are rising in debates. Personality theorist such as Sigmund Freud supports genetic factors and that it plays a huge role in shaping a child’s personality while Alfred Adler supports environmental factors that dominate in shaping the personality of a child. However, ...

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Conversational Valence and Binge Drinking Relationship

11 Apr 2018

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Results Manipulation check First, a manipulation check was conducted in order to check if the different conditions (valence and activeness) led to the intended positive/negative and active/passive responses, respectively. For this purpose, univariate analyses of variance (ANOVAS) were conducted with valence conditions as independent and valence as dependent variables. The results revealed a statistically significant effect of valence condition on the participants’ valence F(1,129): 80.94, p=.000, ...

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Anonymity and 'Loss of Self' in Crowd Theory

11 Apr 2018

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Phillip Tyler In locating and explaining the place of anonymity in the behaviour of crowds, and it's association with a 'loss of self' (Dixon and Mahendra, 2012), an appeal must be made to crowd behavioral theory and evidence to support these theories. This paper will look to the history of the study of crowds, the process of de-individuation and the theory of crowds based ...

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Is a Metatheoretical Psychologist a ‘Cowboy Builder’?

11 Apr 2018

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Abstract Personally, I feel that Metatheoretical psychologist are not a “cowboy builder”, as I uses the progression of behaviourism as an example and further elaborated how the approach leads to the discoveries and progression of the theories, using explanation of russian physiologist known as Ivan Pavlov, followed by American Psychologist called John B. Watson and Edward Thorndike, and lastly, another fellow American Psychologist, B.F. Skinner. Ivan ...

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Ritalin as a Treatment for ADD/ADHD

11 Apr 2018

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The Inaccurate Diagnosis of ADD/ADHD and the Pros of Ritalin Anthony Masi, Jr. Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterized primarily by difficulty controlling behavior and paying attention. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), ADD and ADHD are characterized by the key behaviors of “inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity” (“Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder”, n.d., para. 4). Methylphenidate, ...

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Impacts on Quality of Life and Performance

11 Apr 2018

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Steps Towards Success Abhay Shrivastava   Abstract— Success in general means achieving an aim or attaining one’s goal. To some people success is living a comfortable and respectful life, some believe that success is a journey of hard work through endless efforts to achieve the desired goal, while others think having hefty amount of money is a real success. But for me “success is ...

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Prescriptive Privileges for Clinical Psychologists

11 Apr 2018

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Erin E. Wood   In the last thirty years, many parties within the American Psychological Association have made motions to promote the motion for clinical psychologists to have prescriptive privileges. With the motions made to promote prescriptive privileges, there have also been motions to counter the arguments made supporting prescription privileges. To research the claims made by both sides of the issue, the American ...

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Influence of Location on Ecology Views

11 Apr 2018

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City, rural and Costal backgrounds: Does Location Influence our outlook on ecology? Rebecca Anne Chesser   Summary Conservation has gradually gone from being an issue to a select few, to now a global phenomenon. The widespread harmful aspects of human activity on the biophysical environment have reached catastrophic levels. The amount of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere is already above the threshold that can ...

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Perception of Body Image Among Adolescents

11 Apr 2018

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background of study Obesity is a state where the natural energy preserve, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and it is increased to a level where it is connect with certain health state or increased mortality (Sidik & Rampal, 2009). Obesity is a vital public health problem especially in developed countries like United States where half of the adolescents are afflicted (Sidik ...

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Relationship between Yoga and Life Satisfaction | Methods

11 Apr 2018

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Criterion-related Validity: Satisfaction With Life Scale correlated with ten other measures of subjective well-being (SWB). Most measures correlated at an r = .50 and above (Diener and Pavot, 1993). Reliability The Satisfaction With Life Scale has shown strong internal reliability of 0.57 – 0.75 in a sample of undergraduate university students and from 0.63 – 0.81 in a sample of elderly persons (Diener et al., 1985 ...

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Hybrid Model of Crisis Intervention Case Study

11 Apr 2018

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Frances Roulet The assignment: (3-4 pages) Provide an analysis of the crisis depicted in the Case Study in this week's Learning Resources. Explain how you would apply the Hybrid Model to the crisis in the Case Study. Integrate Maslow's model into your evaluation and explain how you did so. In 1972 a military infantryman flew home alone from Vietnam. When he arrived ...

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Neuropsychology: Overview, Applications and Analysis

11 Apr 2018

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Neuropsychology, the Newest Tool in Psychology Neuropsychology Andrew Davis Table of Contents (Jump to) 1) An Introduction 2) Neuropsychology as a new field 2.1) Key terms in Neuropsychology Clinical Neuropsychology Experimental Neuropsychology Cognitive Neuropsychology 2.2) the role that Neuropsychology plays 3) The history of Neuropsychology 4) The difference between fields related to Neuropsychology 5) Neuropsychology in South Africa 6) Relevance of Neuropsychology for Counsellors ...

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Changing Health Risk Behaviours: Benefits and Strategies

11 Apr 2018

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Jose L. Rivera Changing Health Risk behaviors so People can Live Healthy and Productive Lives Human behavior plays a vital role in the preservation of health as well as the prevention of disease. In order to reduce or decreased the significant morbidity and mortality linked with health-related behavior, health care professionals have looked into models of behavior change to steer the development of strategies ...

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Portrayal of Schizophrenia in Clean, Shaven

11 Apr 2018

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Elizabeth Davis Abstract Media portrayals of mental disorders often provide the only contact one may have on the topic. Because of this, filmmakers have a duty to accurately portray the disorders. Clean, Shaven provides first-hand look into the frightening symptoms of schizophrenia in an attempt to humanize the disorder and admonishes society for false presuppositions based upon those suffering from mental disorders (Lim, 2006; ...

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Analysis of Cusp Catastrophe Model

11 Apr 2018

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Social Psychology of Sport Critical discussion on cusp catastrophe model and using its principles of anxiety on an athlete’s performance. Introduction The ability to cope with pressure and anxiety under strenuous conditions such as a large sporting event is an essential skill to have, especially for an elite level athlete. Anxiety can be associated with an unpleasant state of mind, which can have different effects on ...

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Theories of Authority and Obedience

11 Apr 2018

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Ioannis Sakarellos Obedience has always been ubiquitous while while at the same time was easily overlooked. According to Milgram, obedience can be defined as “the psychological mechanism that links individual action to political purpose. It is the dispositional cement that binds men to systems of authority” (1). This paper claims that ordinary people who have a strong personal moral code tend to blindly follow ...

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Professional & Ethical Responsibilities of Career Counsellor

11 Apr 2018

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Goh Peng Hng Assessments are an integral part in Career Counseling. As responsible and trained counselor, what are the professional and ethical responsibilities in conducting an assessment for career counseling throughout the process of intervention? Assessment, as quoted in the American Counseling Association states it is “the process of collecting in-depth information about a person in order to develop a comprehensive plan that will guide the ...

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Wholistic Visual Cues When Reading

11 Apr 2018

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To what extent do we use wholistic visual cues when reading? Researchers have proposed that individuals use the outline shape of a word, meaning wholistic visual cues, in visual word recognition in reading. Various methods have been used to investigate reading in individuals with differing reading abilities. The reading abilities of young children and individuals with dyslexia have been studied to determine how this deviates from ...

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Theories of Adolescent Risk Taking

11 Apr 2018

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Adolescence is seen as a period when an individual is unable to competently assess risk. There is a general belief that adolescents believe that they are invulnerable to risk thereby unable to perceive certain behaviors. Because of this, adolescents are adjudged to be less aware of risk. This provides the reason the reason why there are legal limitations on adolescents’ right (Bellotti, 1979, Gardner, Scherer & ...

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Facebook: Motives for Use and Effects on Personality

11 Apr 2018

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The current study investigated the motives for using Facebook from the uses and gratifications perspectives and personality as predictors of Facebook addiction among the Mauritian university students. It also explored the relationship of motives and personality with attitudinal/ behavioral outcomes of the participants’ Facebook use. It was found that certain prevalent motives and extraversion trait were strongly associated with the Facebook variables studied and significantly predicted ...

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Role of Genes and Environment in the Aetiology of Schizophre

11 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia (schiz = splitting; phrene = mind) is generally characterized as the fragmentation of psychic functions (Bleuler, 1950) of which the absolute causes are unknown. It is defined and diagnosed based on Schneider (1959)’s ‘first rank symptoms’ which can be further categorized into positive (e.g. hallucination, delusion, etc.) and negative (e.g. avolition, catatonia, etc.), depending on the described and observed experiences of patients (Andreasen ...

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Role Suitability and Job Performance Research

11 Apr 2018

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Introduction Role suitability and job performance are two of the key elements studied and developed by occupational psychologists, and have frequently been discussed over an extended period of time. Job performance measures an individuals ability and results in their job, taking into account their ability to use initiative, their thoroughness in completing the tasks assigned to them and the effort they put into each. (Boshoff & ...

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Effects of Ethics on Production of Knowledge

11 Apr 2018

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Aakashdeep Dhillon   Ethical Judgement limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. Ethics is a moral principle of an influencing conduct. It is a branch of knowledge that is similar to moral principles. However, it is not the same as morals, rather is the study of morals. A right or wrong is just an opinion, ...

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Effect of Odour and Lighting Intensity on Memory Recall

11 Apr 2018

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Galindez, Dale Gilbert Varela, Sebastian Franco Yarte, Sonja Lynn Zaidem, Arwin Alexis The Effect of Intensity of Odor and Lighting of Environment to Memory Recall The principle of encoding specificity has been a key factor for memory recall. It has been found that a person has a higher chance of retrieving an information if they are in the same place where they have encoded ...

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Risperidone for Methamphetamine Induced Psychotic Disorder

10 Apr 2018

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On the efficacy of risperidone for the treatment of methamphetamine induced psychotic disorder, a dose ranging study Induced psychosis, diagnosis and treatment Worldwide growing methamphetamine abuse is one of the most serious health problems with several different consequences for victims, especially in developing countries. Chronic methamphetamine abuse is associated with several psychiatric problems in all countries which are faced to epidemic methamphetamine abuse. Methamphetamine induced psychosis ...

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Effect of Socioeconomic Stress on Family Health

10 Apr 2018

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Revisions and Literature Review Tiffany Stewart   Socioeconomic status is defined “as the social standing or class of an individual or group. It is often measured as a combination of education, income, and occupation” (American Psychological Association, 2014). There are higher and lower socioeconomic statuses (SES) that can have a big effect on a family’s health. In 2012, research showed that one in five ...

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Gestalt and Holistic Treatment (Principle of Totality)

10 Apr 2018

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1. What Is Holistic Psychology? Holism talks about any way that stresses the entire psychic thinking reasonably than their fundamental elements. Conversely knows as ‘the entire is larger than the sum of its parts’. A holistic method consequently recommends that there are diverse stages of explanation and that at every stage there exist “emergent characteristics” that cannot be condensed. (McLeod, 2008) 2. Holistic psychology: A New Science ...

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Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Intelligence

10 Apr 2018

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Chapter 1: Introduction Life is not primarily a quest for pleasure, as Freud believed, or a quest for power, as Alfred Adler taught, but a quest for meaning in work (doing something significant), in love (caring for another person) and in courage (during difficult times) (Frankl, 2006). This chapter provides an overall understanding of this dissertation. Section 1.1 describes the research background. Section 1.2 discusses the ...

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Overview of Leadership Personality Theories

10 Apr 2018

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CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION “The study of leadership rivals in age the emergence of civilization, which shaped its leaders as much as it was shaped by them. From its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders—what they did and why they did it” (Bass, 1990). According to Keith Davis (1967), “Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically. It ...

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Eyesenck’s Personality Theory Model: Sanguine Personality

10 Apr 2018

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Introduction Eysenck’s Personality Theory Model Eysenck's personality of theory divided into two categories which are extraversion and introversion personality types. Extraversion type of personality person is usually relax and confident on their own while introversion type of personality person is often a quite person; focus on inner feelings and their emotional will be more negative and not stable as compared to extraversion type of person. Extrovert ...

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History and the Concept of Hypno-Psychotherapy

10 Apr 2018

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Analyse the history of the profession of hypno-psychotherapy in terms of what information is useful for your practice Historically, hypnotherapy in its broadest sense has been viewed with scepticism and mistrust. However, with the additive value of integrative clinical frameworks, it has re-emerged as a credible, evidence based application for conditions, diverse as, obstetric complications (Hammond & Brown 2007) and neurosis (Barnett 1989). Early Development The ...

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Life Experience of Children Living with Extended Family

10 Apr 2018

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Background Information All of us, despite what social status we are, whether we are poor or rich or young or old, we still belong to a family. Our family can come from either immediate or extended family. Immediate family means we belong in a unit where parents and siblings are living together, therefore, in contrary extended family means living together in the same roof with other ...

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Impacts of Mothers’ Support for SEN Children

10 Apr 2018

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION Becoming a mother is a wonderful, exhilarating experience. Raising children brings new meaning to every moment of your life and depth to your experience as a human being. Equally to become parents and to nurture a newborn baby is a great responsibility. “As parents, we develop hopes and dreams about who our baby will be in the world and how we will be as ...

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Gender and Sexual Identity

10 Apr 2018

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Stacey Obispo Gender and Sexual Identity Understanding gender and sexual identities and the functions and effects of gender roles is important because it allows one to understand themselves and how to relate to others. The creation of gender identity is a complex process involving biological, cultural, and psychological elements (Yarber & Sayad, 2012). A person’s gender identity is the deepest feelings one has about ...

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Can Psychological Theories Be Compatible With One Another?

10 Apr 2018

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Drawing on material from the lectures, and using the conceptual framework of ontology, explanation and methodology: Critically discuss the extent to which psychological theories and methodologies are compatible, conflicting or co-existing. Matthew Belmonte lecture topic (social cognition) Prof David Crundall lecture topic (risk taking/road traffic behaviour) Dr Florentia Hadjiefthyvoulou lecture topic (behavioural/drug addiction) Dr David Wilde lecture topic (introduction to a qualitative approach to psychology, critical ...

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Relationship Between Spiritual Well-being and Happiness

10 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION This chapter comprises of the summary of the present study, the conclusions drawn after the analysis of the data and the implications of the study. It also includes the limitations of the study along with the suggestions for future research. SUMMARY The purpose of the study was to compare the happiness of individuals scoring high on spiritual well being and individuals scoring low on spiritual ...

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Relationship Between Personality, Intelligence and Academia

10 Apr 2018

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Alexandra Lamb The Relationship between Conscientiousness, Intellectual Ability, and Academic Performance in an Undergraduate Psychology Cohort Abstract This report examines the relationship between intellectual ability, conscientiousness and academic achievement. Psychology Students studying at the University of Adelaide (N=50) completed online versions of the OCEANIC (Schulze & Roberts, 2006) and Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM; Bors & Stokes, 1998). Results showed that there was a slight ...

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McNally and Geraert's Recovered Memory Proposal Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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Kaitlin Snapp Memory and Memory Disorders   Reaction to McNally and Geraerts Recovered Memory Proposal McNally and Geraerts’s work, “Reaction to the Recovered Memory Debate” critically analyzes the previously proposed methods of recovering memories describing childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Finding fault in both existing theories, McNally and Garaerts suggest a third explanation for memories of CSA recovered years after the event. In the past, ...

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Benefits of the Psychology of Personality

10 Apr 2018

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The psychology of personality enables us to understand ourselves better than it allows us to understand others. Critically evaluate this statement, giving empirical and/or theoretical evidence to support your arguments. According to Kohut (2013), personality is not a clearly defined and measured concept; therefore in order to understand ourselves and other people we have constructed implicit personality theories, through observing others’ behaviour and experiencing social interactions ...

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Clinical Leadership in Mental Health

10 Apr 2018

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Kenneth Dantzler Clinical leadership in mental health provides education for individual in an organization to break down barriers that keeps supervisors from discriminating against an individual from diverse groups based on gender, ethnicity, race, social economic or sexual orientation. Whitney and Ames (2014) addresses the issue of discrimination and ways an organization can be inclusive of all individuals (Whitney & Ames, 2014). The American ...

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Dynamic Systems Theory and Psychodynamic World View

10 Apr 2018

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Emma Levey Psychodynamic world view The psychodynamic view focuses on underlying subconscious and unconscious processes, as well as the conscious. Emphasis is placed on stage progression, overcoming conflicts, and emotions (Miller, 2011, p. 106/134) with the most famous psychodynamic theory being that of Freud (Miller, 2011, p.110). Four criteria will be outlined and illustrated with Freudian examples, before considering whether an article fits within ...

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Do We See With Our Eyes or Brain?

10 Apr 2018

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Perceiving our world may seem simple and may be taken for granted. Yet, the occipital lobes form the largest part of the cortex and are dedicated to visual perception. As light enters the pupils and hits the retina, a two dimensional image is created and sent to the occipital lobes through geniculate and striate pathways. The occipital lobes process the visual information, deciphering and generating an ...

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Deviations in Psychology and Diagnostic Statistical Manual

10 Apr 2018

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Abnormal psychology Task A Two ways that abnormality can be defined are: a deviation from the social norm or a deviation from the ideal mental health. A deviation from the social norms The social norms are the expected behavior of people in the environment you are in. Social norms are not set in stone rules of behavior, but expected known behavior that is different to every ...

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Major Depressive Disorder Case Study

10 Apr 2018

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Case Study Idalhí Barnes Jessica J. Ruiz Case Study Barbara Torres is a 36 year-old Hispanic married women and the mother of male twins of seven years old. She lives in Kalamazoo, in the state of Michigan. She has a very challenging, high stress occupation as a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in Stryker, a multi-billion manufacture corporation that develop medical devices and medical equipment. ...

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Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Healthcare

10 Apr 2018

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Critical Evaluation on the Future of Healthcare: The Biomedical or the Biopsychosocial Model The Biomedical Model This model has been in existence since the mid-19th century and was predominant for physicians in the diagnosis of diseases. It comprises of four elements. It argues that, that health constitutes the freedom of pain, disease or defect which implies the normal human is healthy. In this model, the focus ...

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Sexual Trauma Intervention: A Case Study

10 Apr 2018

4 (1,306 )

Responding to Sexual Trauma: Sandra’s Case   Effects of sexual trauma Sexual assaults have severe immediate and also long-lasting effects which can be devastating on the emotional, on the physical and also the relational health of the sexual assault victims (Gilliland & James, 2013). The overwhelming stress of sexual assault normally alters personal adjustment, the psychobiology and the systems of the victims. A traumatic experience usually ...

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Effect of Violent Video Games on Self-Perception

10 Apr 2018

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In their 50th volume, the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology published an article named “Intense acts of violence during video game play make daily life aggression appear innocuous: A new mechanism why violent video games increase aggression” in which scientists examined the effects of violent video game play on perception of aggression regarding both the actions of one’s self as well as the actions of others, and how ...

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Effect of Intoxication on Generosity | Article Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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In their 50th volume, the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology published an article named “Focused On Fairness: Alcohol Intoxication Increases the Costly Rejection of Inequitable Rewards” in which they explored the effects of alcohol regarding an individuals propensity to accept a deal in with there exists unfair rewards. In the first study, participants were recruited from outside of bars in Pittsburg, PA between 9pm and 3am to play ...

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Effects of Weight Stigma | Article Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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In their 51st volume, the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology published an article named “The Ironic Effects of Weight Stigma” in which researchers explore the realistic effects that weight stigmas and weight-related identity threats can have on an individual’s dietary habits and self-efficacy regarding self-control. All subjects in the experiments were female, as it was previously concluded that women are more susceptible to weight-related stigmas as ...

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Language, Paralanguage and Non-Verbal Communication

10 Apr 2018

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The Importance of Language, Paralanguage and Non-Verbal Communication in Various forms of Communication – A Practical Study Toby Williamson Access to Psychology Abstract This study examines the role of non-verbal communication, language and paralanguage in conveying information. To this end, the study examines how people use these three forms of communication in the context of sharing ideas, expressing joy and happiness as well as ...

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Rumination Disorder: Causes, Epidemiology and Treatment

10 Apr 2018

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Rumination disorder is an eating disorder whereby an infant or toddler brings back up and re-chews food that was already swallowed and digested. This is known as regurgitation. In most cases, the re-chewed food is then swallowed again; but occasionally, the child will spit it out. For this to be considered a disorder, the behaviour must have occurred to a child who had been eating normally ...

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Child Observation Study: Personality Development Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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Ivan Mitsko Observation Middle childhood is a time when children improve their motor and social skills and become more independent. During this period children experience steady and uniform physical development, they become taller, and gain more weight in faster rates compared to adults. In addition to physical changes children begin to develop their cognitive development and moral values. Due to advanced technology children watch ...

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Work-Family Conflict and Job-Satisfaction in Married Couples

10 Apr 2018

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DISCUSSION A struggle which is common in most of the people nowadays is Work-family conflict. It is a battle which everybody is fighting i.e. to maintain the balance between work and family. This conflict is also affecting major sub-areas of work and family life and one of those areas is Job-satisfaction. Hence the present research study was aimed to find the relationship between work-family conflict and ...

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Anonymity in Theories of Crowd Behaviour

10 Apr 2018

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Darrin Paul Explain the place of anonymity in theories of crowd behaviour. Is it always associated with a ‘loss of self’ (Dixon and Manhendran, 2012) Social psychology provides much information with regards to collective behaviour and the interaction of individuals within a crowd. It has been observed that an individual’s behaviour can be influenced and therefore altered when they become part of a large ...

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Qualitative and Quantitative Research on Fear of Crime: Rape

10 Apr 2018

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Research Portfolio Introduction The beginning of this portfolio will be introduced by two main types of crime data. They come in the form of qualitative and quantitative. They both show and represent crime in different way, and it also gives a clear idea of how crime has a big impact. They both have their strengths and weaknesses, but this portfolio will examine their differences along with ...

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Effect of Culture on Differences in Conceptions of Education

10 Apr 2018

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I chose the following articles which examined the effects of culture on the differences in conceptions of education. Human thought and behavior are heavily influenced by the practices and assumptions of a certain culture and education cannot escape this influence (Brislin, Bochner, & Lonner, 1975; Cole, 1996). As the course (AH103) sought to examine educational outcomes in cross cultural settings, I personally believe that a deeper ...

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Literature Review on Stress and Stressors in Bangladesh

10 Apr 2018

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A Critical Review on Stress Scenario in Bangladesh Jannatul Ferdous Introduction Stress is a disruptive physiological and psychological reaction to events that make us feel vulnerable. A certain amount of stress is a foreseeable part of life; but acute stress can hinder our daily activities. It may causes disintegration of general health, frustrations, depression, anxiety, hysteria, cardiovascular accidents, muscular aches and pains, insomnia, hypertension, ...

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Analysis of Mental Illness via Girl, Interrupted (1999)

10 Apr 2018

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GIRL, INTERRUPTED 1 Introduction In the movie, Susanna (Winona Ryder) is diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. Susanna bonds with a few different patients, including Lisa (Angelina Jolie) with sociopathic personality disorder, Daisy; Bulimia, Georgina; pathological liar and Janet as Anorexic. Susanna starts to work harder with her specialist (Vanessa Redgrave) and the medical attendant on the ward (Whoopi Goldberg). Girl, Interrupted was focused around the collection ...

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Research Methods in Psychology

10 Apr 2018

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METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGY: Research in psychology is conducted in broad accord with the standards of the scientific method, including both qualitative and quantitative statistical modalities to generate and evaluate explanatory hypotheses with regard to psychological phenomena. These methods vary by the sources of information that are drawn on, how that information is sampled, and the types of instruments that are used in data collection. Methods also ...

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Ethics in Psychology | Case Study

10 Apr 2018

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Ethics has been defined as “a branch of philosophy that deals with thinking about morality, moral problems, and judgements of proper conduct” (Frankena, 1973). Ethics is traditionally a branch of philosophy dealing with moral problems and moral judgments. White (1988) defines ethics as the evaluation of human actions. In doing so, we assign judgments to behavior as “right” or “wrong” and “good” or “bad” according to ...

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Role of Teachers and Parents in Imparting Values

10 Apr 2018

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Dr. Sandip Madhukar Mali   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract Now days everyone says that, today’s student’s behaviour is valueless. The prime aim of this paper is to identify the reason of this situation. Role of teacher and parent is important in imparting values in student. Values relate to the norms of a culture. Norms provide rules for behavior in specific situations, while values identify what should be judged ...

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Influence of Childhood Aerobic Fitness: Learning and Memory

10 Apr 2018

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STUDENT NAME: Saghar Ahmadi   DIRECTIONS: Please follow the Assessment 2 instructions carefully. Type your answers straight into this document. USE APA STYLE REFERENCING TO PROVIDE DETAILS OF YOUR ARTICLE HERE (2 MARKS): Raine, L. B., Lee, H. K., Saliba, B. J., Chaddock-Heyman, L., Hillman, C. H., Framer, A. F. (2013). The Influence of Childhood Aerobic Fitness on Learning and Memory. PLoS ONE, 8(9). ...

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Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Work Performance

10 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION Nowadays, in this world of rapid change, organizations always want to compete so as to achieve a high level of productivity and to be at the top. The companies will need performing employees to uplift the organization. Air Mauritius is a big travelling organization where there are highly competitive works environments in every department. Employees need to do their maximum efforts for the company ...

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Effect of Parents with PTSD on Children

10 Apr 2018

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Dushica Djurovic Does Transmission of Trauma Influence Children of Parents with PTSD? War veterans may experience traumatic events that may influence their lives after the military; moreover, such traumatic experiences may affect lives of the veterans’ family members. One of these people who experience a trauma during military service is my uncle who went to the army when he was very young. There is ...

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Reflective Essay: Reflection Techniques and Incidents

10 Apr 2018

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Mohammed Islam Reflective Report Strategic Perspectives EXECUTIVE SUMMARY- This paper will provide a reflective analysis of personal experience from a MEGA learning exercise. The MEGA business simulation was undertaken by students from October 2014 to December 2014. It consisted of eight official game weeks with an initial two weeks provided as a practice period. Students were given the opportunity to form groups in order ...

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Psychotherapy with Franco Americans: Ethnicity Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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Franco Americans: A Group Oppressed, a History with Psychotherapy Techniques Kimberly Crawford I have always been detached from my bloodline, my heritage, my multi cultural experience. I have always felt like a mixed breed without strong cultural identity or tradition. I have been told that I have Native American, French Canadian, Scottish, ...

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Effect of Binocular Cues Removal on Skill Abilities

10 Apr 2018

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How the removal of binocular cues affects males and females skill ability performance   Abstract: To test whether skill ability was impaired when binocular cues were removed, participants completed a 'buzz-wire' task under three different conditions. Participants completed this task using binocular vision or with vision in their dominant or non-dominant eye only. As well as this, to test the hunter-gatherer hypothesis that females will perform ...

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Howard Gardner’s Theory of Intelligence Analysis

10 Apr 2018

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Sophia Ashraf Individual Differences Essay Describe and evaluate the usefulness of Howard Gardner’s theory of intelligence? Intelligence is a highly significant and contested area within psychology. It is an elusive, multi-faceted ability that has close connections with Cognitive Psychology. It is characterised by inter-individual variation and is measured using intelligence tests. Some definitions of intelligence include: the ability to solve problems, retain information and ...

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Case Study Example of Reflective Listening in Counselling

10 Apr 2018

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Case: Savita is a 33 year old woman. Her marriage broke up more than 10 months ago. Prakash and Savita had been married for ten years, and had two children, Rakesh aged 6 and Rohan aged 18 months. Currently both children are with Savita. Savita came for counselling after being referred by her Family Doctor who thinks she has early signs of depression. Background Savita and ...

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Quantitative Analysis of Workplace Bullying Data

10 Apr 2018

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Bullying behavior was typically experienced on the playground or within the school systems of school age children, but now this multi-causal phenomenon is being reported by adults in the workplace at an astronomical level. Exploratory research has insinuated that there is not just one clear definition of workplace bullying but a combination of definitions (Chipps et al., 2013: McTernan et al., 2013; Reknes et al., 2014). ...

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Theories for Optimistic Personality Traits: A Reflection

10 Apr 2018

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Eunice Khong Ee Thian Question 2 (a) I am an optimistic person. Optimism is an individual variable. It embodies the extent to which individuals hold generalized expectancies for their future. Persons with high level of optimism have better subjective well-being when facing adversity. Researches also pointed that optimism has been associated to higher levels of engagement coping and lower level of avoidance. Optimism also linked with ...

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Intervention Developed from Theory of Planned Behaviour

10 Apr 2018

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Develop Intervention The Chosen Construct The construct feedback was decided as the most viable choice for the intervention. The intention was to increase low carbon behavioural performance by ‘nudging’ individuals to act on a series of existing prompts in order to increase the speed of the stop/start procedure. It was decided that the central hub was the ideal location for the pilot study. Owing to budgetary ...

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Beliefs About Good and Evil: Literature Review

09 Apr 2018

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Sohila Sandher Maggie Campbell, Johanna Ray Vollhardt, (15 Jul, 2013) Fighting the Good Fight: The Relationship Between Belief in Evil and Support for Violent Policies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Vol. 41. 250-267 Retrieved from: http://psp.sagepub.com/content/41/2/250.full.pdf+html Maggie Campbell and Johanna Ray Vollhartd attempt to address “which forms of collective action more effectively communicate the illegitimacy of the status quo and the efficacy of a ...

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Understanding Human Behaviour through Reductionist Approach

09 Apr 2018

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“The only way to understand Human Behaviour is to take a Reductionist approach.” Critically discuss with reference to relevant seminal and contemporary literature in psychology. Reductionism can be defined as being the idea that a complex system, such as human behaviour, is nothing more than the sum of its parts and that a description of the system can be reduced to descriptions of the individual components. ...

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Effect of Technology on Cognition

09 Apr 2018

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A variety of sources have expressed the view that newer technology and the Internet is having an effect on human cognition. Discuss this notion with reference to research in this area, clearly highlighting how the technology individuals are using on a daily basis could be affecting underlying cognitive processes. Modernisation in the last twenty years has led to broader and more efficient uses within the digital ...

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Effectiveness of Treatment of Postnatal Depression

09 Apr 2018

5 (1,651 )

TREATMENT But there have been a recent number of studies that looked at the effectiveness of treatment of postnatal depression. From one of the most recent publications (Dennis, 2005) provides a meta-analysis of the factors which influence the outcome in the condition. The author concluded that the only strategy that was shown to have “a clear preventative effect” was intensive post-partum support from the healthcare professionals ...

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