Benefits Of Self And Peer Assessment In Teaching Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,537 )

The present study is an attempt to investigate the pedagogical benefits of self- and peer-assessment in teaching writing in EFL context. The specific questions this study aims to answer are whether self-assessment and peer-assessment of writing performance over time contribute to improvement in writing performance as well as self- and peer-rating, and if so, which assessment method brings about more contribution in these regards. Moreover, this study ...

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The History Of The Operant Conditioning Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,856 )

B. F. Skinner was born on March 20, 1904 in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania (Vargas, 2005). As a boy he enjoyed inventing and building things. He would later use this skill for psychological experiments (Cherry, 2012b). In 1926, Skinner received a B. A. in English literature from Hamilton College. He spent time as a writer until he discovered the writings of Watson and Pavlov (Cherry, 2012b). These writing he ...

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La ansiedad

23 Mar 2015

18 (6,938 )

MARCO TEÓRICO LA ANSIEDAD “Síntomas, causas y consecuencias” 4.1. LA ANSIEDAD. Para poder empezar el análisis de cualquier temática es necesario la unificación de términos de manera sencilla, clara y precisa. Y enfocándonos en torno al tema de la ansiedad, esto permitirá una mejor interpretación de los diferentes aspectos que a continuación se enuncian. 4.1.1 MANEJO DE CONCEPTOS Nuestra sociedad actual, altamente consumista, preocupada por el bienestar ...

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The Child Cognitive Development Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,933 )

Throughout much of history child development from birth till adulthood had not received much attention. Children were often viewed as a miniature version of an adult and therefore little attention was paid to it in the many research and studies in cognitive abilities, language usage, and physical growth that occurred during childhood and adolescence. It was until the early 20th century that interest in the field of ...

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Contributions of jean piagets cognitive developmental theory

23 Mar 2015

18 (6,912 )

Jean Piaget was born in the capital of the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel on Lake Neuchâtel on August 9, 1896. From age 10 he wrote a notice about albino sparrow, the pure white birds, which is lack the common sparrow's usual brown, grey and black pigmentation. That event helped J. Piaget to prove himself to the librarian who was behaving him like only child without respect of ...

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The Nature And Nurture Theories Of Aggression Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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To what extent is human aggression a factor of the Nature or Nurture theories of behaviour? Human behaviour is continuously debated between scientists assessing the factors that greatly influence and shape human behaviour. This essay will focus on the biological and behavioural approaches that explain the aggressive behaviour. The two theories in this debate are the Nativist (Nature/Innate) and the Empiricist (Nurture/Learned) theories. While nativists (Nature Theory) ...

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Differences between styles of therapeutic relationships

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,134 )

In order to answer the above, I will first outline the key principles of psychodynamic and person centred counselling, next I will discuss the similarities and differences between the therapeutic relationships in the two approaches. I will then move on to highlighting the challenges that would be involved if a counsellor chose to integrate the two approaches. The Person centred approach was devised by Carl Rogers in ...

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General Psychology Of Sex And Gender Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,786 )

The topics I have chosen for consideration of psychological research are language, and sex and gender. The approaches taken will be analysed the topic in general terms and not to focus on one particular aspect at detailed levels. It points to the lack of a conclusive answer which is caused by Psychology as a discipline being relatively young and still in early stages with a lack of ...

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Case Study: Parietal Lobe Analysis

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,192 )

Frontal Lobe- to be found at the front of the brain and it is associated with thought, motor skills, memories, emotion and moral behavior. Parietal Lobe- to be found at the middle section of the brain and it is associated with taste, touch and spatial orientation. Temporal Lobe- to be found at the bottom section of the brain and it is associated with smell, hearing, memory and ...

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Changes in behaviour using operant conditioning

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,699 )

The present study operationalised the basics of operant conditioning as developed by Burrhus skinner. A key fundamental component of operant conditioning is the use of reinforcements and punishments to respectively either increase or decrease a performed behaviour. The study implemented a reward system of reinforcement on a 30 year old subject who was considered to be displaying a deficit in his water consumption behaviour. It was hypothesised ...

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Definition and Background to Psychopathology and Therapies

23 Mar 2015

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Psychopathology, as defined by Davison and Neale (1996) is "the field concerned with the nature and development of mental disorders". As a specific aspect of medicine, it tries to understand and define the causes and effects of mental disorders as well as proposing treatments for such disorders. Amongst the most well-known and widely studied mental disorders are depression, eating disorders and schizophrenia. Each of these has been ...

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Case study on observations of a child

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,832 )

For confidentiality reason, I will refer to the child as A. Child A is a male, from a working class family, mixed heritage background: mum is Indian and dad is English. He is three years and two months old, a middle child with an older brother aged four and a nine months old sister. Parents are married and they all live together. The Tavistock Model of observation ...

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The four stages of cognitive development

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,090 )

The cognitive development of psychology scientifically studies the internal mental processes of humans and animals, including memory, thinking, problem solving, language and decision making. This approach is known as cognitivism, and psychologists that study cognitivism are interested in how information is processed and how it influences our behaviour. The 5 key areas of the cognitive perspective are recognised as PALMT (Perception, Attention, Language, Memory, and Thinking). One ...

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The Role Of Positive Emotions In Advertising Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,565 )

Needs are one if not the only primary reason consumers buy products. When Consumers want to purchase a product they go through a proses that determine which product to buy and which brand. The proses consist of five steps, problem recognition, information search, alternative evaluation, purchase decision, and post-purchase behavior. We are only going to focus on the first, because this step deals the most ...

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History Of Are Faces Special Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,856 )

Face perception is suggested to be one of the human's most developed visual skills. It has been found by Frank, Vul and Johnson (2009) that "infants as young as newborns prefer faces and face-like stimuli over any other distractors". Our faces are complicated system that carry broadcasting source where it could provide the others with information about our thoughts, our interests and feelings, also our characteristics like ...

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Study on Humanistic Psychology and Abraham Maslow

23 Mar 2015

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Humanistic psychology also known as third force psychology developed in the 1960's and was led by Abraham Maslow who published "Toward a Psychology of Being" in 1962. The core belief of humanistic psychology is that humans are innately good and placed emphasis on individual growth and potential and self actualization. The underpinnings of humanistic psychology can be traced to the philosophical viewpoints held by existentialist; in addition ...

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A Look At Allport Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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A theory of motivation must acknowledge the contemporaneity of motives. In other words, the importance of the present should be stressed: "Motives leading to activity, it may be argued, are always operative at the time the activity takes place." Allport added, "That which drives, drives now." (The Use of Personal 80) Allport was aware, however, that in complex adult motives the past is, to some degree, alive ...

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A study on the nature vs nurture debate

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,829 )

The influence of inborn and biological factors contrasting aspect of environmental issues has been applied to many areas of psychology and development. The debate concerning nature and nurture has become a central and enduring feature within developmental psychology. It addresses whether it is ones innate biological nature that influences the behavioural traits or its life experiences and nurture from their social environment. Modern psychologists recognise that origins ...

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Compare contrast and evaluate two psychotherapeutic approaches

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,067 )

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy are the most commonly used psychotherapeutic treatments of mental disorders in adults (Goisman et al., 1999).Both will be described as defined by their primary therapeutic aims, theoretical backgrounds and some of the more blatant differences that make them such conflicting approaches, after which they will be evaluated in terms of evidence for and against efficacy as found in recent studies. CBT ...

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Jahodas six categories in diganosing a mental disorder

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,470 )

Ivan has a high self-esteem and a strong sense of identity. There are many other criteria's that could be described for him if he were psychologically healthy. Looking at psychological health, Jahoda (1958) names six categories on what would classify an individual of ideal and mentally stability. The first would be the ability of independently acting out and being able to regulate himself, e.g. timekeeping for a ...

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Manage Sex Offenders Effectively Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The aim of this essay is to provide a historical overview of the developments on the risk assessment of sex offenders literature, focusing specifically on the advances in this area of research. Firstly, a definition of risk will be provided, followed by the aims of risk assessment and an example of the practical implications of inaccurate risk assessment. Subsequently, this essay will outline four generations of risk ...

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An investigation in the phenomenon of humour

23 Mar 2015

17 (6,441 )

Humor is a universal phenomenon which shows in the tribal and industrialized societies (Apte, 1985). In the Oxford English Dictionary, humor is defined as "that quality of actions, speech, or writing which excites amusement; oddity, jocularity, facetiousness, comicality, fun" (Simpson & Weiner, 1989). From the psychology perspective, "humor is stated as a cognitive, emotional and motivational stance toward incongruity, as inherent in funny artifacts, but also in ...

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Effects of Caffeine and Sex Differences on Memory

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,974 )

This study was conducted to determine the effect caffeine has on memory recall and verify whether or not there are sex differences. Though there are different types of memory, this study focuses on free immediate recall. Caffeine has been proven to cause alertness, help some forms of memory, and impede other types of memory. It was hypothesized that caffeine would improve memory, and that males would score ...

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The effects of materialism on happiness

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,478 )

Many people around the globe are striving throughout their life towards one goal, happiness (Buss, 2000). Happiness has many definitions, including feeling good at any moment, affect balance (experiencing more happy emotions than bad) and life satisfaction (Baumeister & Bushman, 2008). The terms happiness and subjective well-being, are often used interchangeably (Diener, 2000). Happiness is important to study, as evidence suggests it is positively correlated to health ...

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A Study On Classical Conditioning Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (873 )

In classical conditioning, an unconditioned stimulus (something that will always lead to a reaction of some type) leads to an unconditioned response (a natural reaction to the UCS). A neutral stimulus (NS) becomes paired with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS). This is also called the Pavlovian conditioning because Ivan Pavlov discovered classical conditioning in an experiment involving dogs. Eventually, the pairing of the NS and the UCS leads ...

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Process dissociation procedure

23 Mar 2015

22 (8,705 )

Introduction Schifrin and Schneider (1977, in Eysenck and Keane, 2005) distinguished between automatic and controlled memory processes. They claimed automatic process is not limited in capacity or requires attention, whereas the opposite is true for controlled processes. Graf and Schacter (1987) tagged automatic processing as the process underlying implicit memory while conscious processing reflects explicit memory. They described implicit memory as test performance that is facilitated without ...

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Classical Theories Of Cognitive Development Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,052 )

There are two classical theories of cognitive development. The one that I will focus on is Piagets theory of cognitive development. He hypothesized that learning is a physical, biological function of dealing successfully with the environment (Phillips, 1998). This is the basis for his theory. Piaget's theory of cognitive development is based on two biological tendencies. The two tendencies are organisation, and adaption. Organisation as Piaget saw ...

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Identifying stress among UTM students

23 Mar 2015

18 (6,962 )

Chapter 1 Introduction Background of Study Stress is the expressive and physical strain caused by our response to pressure from the outside world. Common stress reactions include anxiety, bad temper, inability to concentrate, and a variety of physical symptoms that include headache and a fast heartbeat. It's almost impossible to live without some stress. (Whitman, 1985) The ability to identify when we are under stress and what ...

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Origins Principles And Contributions Of Gestalt Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,055 )

Gestalt psychology was defined as the investigation of conscious experience through introspection and see things in meaning, whole intact configurations. It was first proposed by German psychologists in 1920s to explain how people organized visual information. The rise of Gestalt psychology and its contributors was emphasized, in particular the contributions of Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, and Wolfgang Kohler. This paper also highlighted key theories of Gestalt psychology ...

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Ethical Issues In Psychological Testing Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,313 )

A major issue confronting a psychological researcher is ethics. Research ethics comprise many different topics, including test construction and psychometrics. Areas of concern within these areas include, but are not limited to, measurement bias; validity and reliability; errors and the use of negligence or deception; areas of limitations in the research, and recommendations. The scientist must provide enough information about the research to ensure the applicability of ...

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Major Depressive Disorder

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,245 )

Major Depressive Disorder Preface Today, there are so many people suffering from so many diseases. Likewise, so many people started to feel depressed without a reason. Maybe there should be a reason but most people fail to find it and live their life as it goes by. Now, depressive disorder has become one of major diseases. Boys, girls, teenagers, 20s, 30s, 40s, most people regardless ...

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Overview of the Consequences of Cognitive Neuropsychology

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,070 )

The ability to study and understand the brain has evolved dramatically since people were first interested in the brain's seemingly miraculous capacities. However, comprehending the input/output nature of the brain (and everything in between) has always been limited to behavioral tasks of healthy individuals. Unfortunately for science, a machine that can't be reverse engineered cannot be fully understood. To truly make sense of the diverse functions of ...

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Positivism Interpretivism And Pragmatism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Hussey Hussey say that methodology makes reference to the whole approach considered, as well as to the theoretical basis from which the researcher comes, and that method is the various ways by which data is collected and analysed. In this chapter, the reseacher has presented a brief review of the different research philosophies; positivism, interpretivism, and realism (Fisher, 2007), the philosophy that has adopted for the current ...

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An Analysis Of Wernickes Area Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (941 )

Wernicke's area is the region in the brain that is responsible for language comprehension. This region contributes largely to the overall comprehension of language. In the latter paragraphs, the discovery, the functions, other brain regions that are associated with Wernicke's area, diseases affecting language, and methods to detect a language compromising and vocalization disease will be discussed. A German neurosurgeon, Carl Wernicke, discovered the area of the ...

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Reflective Essay on depression and mental illness

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,439 )

Depression is the commonest mental illness in the world yet only a few can tell you what exactly it is. Most people can well enough to recognise signs and symptoms of heart attack, diabetes, breast cancer and many more medical conditions. This statement is not only true for the general population, medical practitioner are no exclusion. Many different impression, perception and thought about depression from one person ...

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The main concepts of the behaviorist perspective theory

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,569 )

As a reaction to the introspective analysis method in psychology and the focus on the study of mental processes, conscious or unconscious that dominated the beginning of the last century and was considered the object of psychology at that time [1] , a new approach was developed under the name of behaviorism. This new psychotherapeutic approach was to dominate psychology for about 50 years. Precursors of this approach are ...

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Neuroimaging Research To The Understanding Of Psychopathology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

17 (6,775 )

Over the last ten years, neuroimaging techniques has been employed to an ever increasing extent in the investigation of the biological substrates of psychopathology (Malhi and Lagopoulos 2008). Non-invasive brain imaging techniques such as PET and fMRI have been successfully applied in the localization of sensory functions (van Eijsden et al. 2009). For more complex psychological processes such as language, fMRI is now used to guide surgical ...

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A child only becomes attached to their mother

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,832 )

For this assignment task I will discuss what attachment theory is and its origins. Describe the settings and conditions for child attachment to caregiver and how attachment is identified as well as the potential outcomes. Furthermore, I will discuss the theories surrounding attachment and whether these theories support the idea that a child will only become attached to the mother and not the father, taking a closer ...

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Research on sexual satisfaction and marital happiness

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,037 )

Nowadays, dissolution of marriage has undoubtedly become a major social predicament in America in view of the mushrooming divorce rate now at 50 percent. What is more disconcerting is that children fall victims to a host of emotional, mental, psychological, and academic maladies before and after parental separation. Because of this stark reality, investigators have been exhausting their academic energies in zeroing on its causes and ultimately ...

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An Experiment Investigating the Effect of Leading Questions

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,803 )

Abstract The aim of this experiment was to investigate the influence of leading questions on the recall of an event, in this case recall is measured by perceived speed of a car accident. The investigation is a replication of an experiment on the interaction between language and memory done by Loftus and Palmer (1974). The research hypothesis states that participants who are asked leading questions concerning the ...

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The Concept Of Counseling Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

20 (7,642 )

The concept of counseling in British English it is spelled counselling has actually been around for ages, and it reflects the need for one person to seek help or advice from another person. Counseling as a profession, therefore, places emphasis on social settings and does not derive from the clinic. It focuses on helping persons resolve their problems or role issues related to work, school, or in ...

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How to approach a child with autism properly

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,737 )

The idea of being polite or that which designate the point of politeness to others is a great virtue to begin with. In that essence, when dealing and attending to or with people or a child with autistic disorder, politeness and understanding their sentiments is also very important. Not all people are blessed or lucky to live a normal life. That is where we can derive the ...

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Methods of measuring stress and their effectiveness

23 Mar 2015

11 (4,309 )

Firstly introduced by Hans Selye (1950), the term stress is more used to describe an individual's state of tension which is often seen as being related to modern life. However, stress assessment is made using different method which includes: Self report Biomedical Physiological Self report: Life events (Holmes and Rahe 1976) The most common way of assessing stress is by self-report questionnaires, in which individuals answer questions ...

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Case Study: Reciprocal Determinism

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,821 )

Albert Bandura, the founder of reciprocal determinism was born in Canada in 1925. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa, where he developed the social learning theory. Bandura had certain strong beliefs on how psychological research should be done. He believed research should be conducted in laboratories where psychologists could control factors that determined behavior. Bandura has conducted many famous clinical studies, which are the ...

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Evaluation Of An Experimental Design Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,061 )

In this essay, a fictitious research was evaluated in determining if the design of the study was reliable. To determine the researchers design credibility, an assessment was made on the independent and dependent variables to determine if they supported the hypothesis. Assessments were made on the types of variations and the method of manipulation the independent variables were subjected to. It was determined that the design structure ...

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Life of Belle Gunness

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,460 )

Abstract This paper will review the life of Belle Gunness, a woman serial killer. It will look at her development of personality based on Alfred Adler's theory and Karen Horney's theory. Belle Gunness Belle Paulsdatter Sorenson Gunness was born in Norway in 1859. Her officially recorded death was in 1908. The Guinness Book of World Records named her the "Most Prolific Murderess" (Langloish, 1985). With sixteen ...

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Cognitive Therapy And Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,517 )

Cognitive Behavioral therapy was developed by Aaron Beck. Beck grew up with parents who had very strong personalities, his father a strict socialist and his mother over protective. As a child Beck broke his arm which led to a life threatening staph infection. This changed Beck a lot he went from being a very active young man to choosing to sit quietly and read. This also led ...

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History and Current applications of Behaviorist Theory

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,772 )

Behaviorism is a theory of learning. Behaviorism proposes that learning is based on the thought that all behaviors are gained when they are conditioned. The theory of behaviorism supposes that behavior can be studied in a controlled manner and according to John B. Watson we can observe it and it should have nothing to do with introspection because introspection is too subjective (Goodwin, 2008). Beside's John B. ...

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Different Interviewing Techniques On Childrens Eyewitness Accounts Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,109 )

It has been established that children, in general, provide less accurate and complete responses to specific questions as compared to adults. This has led to concerns about the reliability of response in real life investigations. While the basic memory literature suggests that repeated testing can actually have a beneficial effect, there is still much concern among scholars as to the effects of repeatedly interviewing an eyewitness, especially ...

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Research Methodology Into The Problem On Absenteeism

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,692 )

After thorough analysis and research on the different forms of methodologies which are available, a chosen methodology will be elaborated and its effectiveness in gathering data will be discussed. This chapter will be determinant in obtaining information and feedback from a private college around Mauritius which has given the permission to reveal its name. Therefore, it would act as a crucial part in the analysis of the ...

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prosocial behavior becomes increasingly importance in the social context

23 Mar 2015

18 (6,922 )

Prosocial behavior is influenced by the family strength. Based on Bronfenbrenner's (1992) Ecological System Theory, prosocial is divide into two major factors that is contextual (family and friends) and personal (personal characteristic and sex). Therefore, personal and family characteristic will contribute to family strength and adolescences' prosocial behavior. Family process which includes of family caring and connectedness is correlated with prosocial behavior involvement of adolescence (Resnick, Harris, ...

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Ethical Issues In Marketing Research Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

20 (7,942 )

Ethics has become a cornerstone for conducting effective and meaningful research. As such, the ethical behavior of individual researchers is under unprecedented scrutiny (Best & Kahn, 2006; Field & Behrman, 2004; Trimble & Fisher, 2006). In today's society, any concerns regarding ethical practices will negatively influence attitudes about science, and the abuses committed by a few are often the ones that receive widespread publicity (Mauthner, Birch, Jessop, ...

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Relationship between dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex

23 Mar 2015

3 (987 )

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is an essential aspect of the frontal lobes in the brain. Executive function is carried out by the prefrontal cortex: where abilities to differentiate among conflicting thoughts and to determine what is good or bad operate. The PFC is connected very compactly with the rest of the brain which allows the PFC to be responsible for guiding features such as memory, emotion, decision-making, ...

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The role of social influences on childrens learning

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,979 )

This essay aims to discuss the role of social influences on children's learning that psychological research has identified. It will concentrate on two specific theories of learning, the social learning theory and behaviourism. Firstly it will discuss the origins of developmental psychology and go on to describe the two specific theories in some detail. The essay will then attempt to compare and contrast these theories and use ...

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A study on adolescent development behaviors

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,196 )

Several theories explained adolescent's development behaviors such as psychosexual development stage of Sigmund Freud, psychosocial development stage of Erik Erikson, developmental task theory of Robert Harvighurst, and cognitive development of Jean Piaget. Psychosexual development stages were developed by Sigmund Freud (Salkind, 2004). Freud's theory assumed that these stages occur universally, for all children everywhere. Psychosexual stages consisted of five stages: 1) The oral stage lasts from birth ...

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Two Faces Of Multiple Personality Disorder Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,584 )

Multiple Personality Disorder, or Dissociative Identity Disorder, as it is now identified by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fourth Edition (DSM - IV -TR) continues to be a disputed diagnosis after decades of diagnoses, treatment, and research. Psychiatrists, medical doctors, psychologists, counselors and social workers, as well as attorneys and judges, continue to seek the validity of this ...

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Interpretivism Approach In The Study Of Workers Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,698 )

The study of worker's behaviour is a very complex phenomenon as it involves people's attitudes, feelings and behaviours, which characterise life in an organisation. The field of human behavior is solidly grounded by researcher such as Taylor, Maslow, Herzberg and Elton Mayo. With the pace of industrial revolution, studies are now more focused on areas such as job satisfaction and analysis, performance evaluation, employee motivation and the ...

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Main Body Causes of shyness

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,082 )

Shyness is an emotional feeling that affects how a person behaves around others and how they feel about themselves. It can be identified as feeling uncomfortable nervousness, self conscious, timid, insecure or even bashful. It can range from feeling mild to moderate discomfort in one or more areas of a persons life. One might fear to meet new people, attend social gatherings, making cold calls at the ...

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“research supporting attachment theory

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,064 )

has been conducted primarily in Western cultures, and basic attachment theory concepts such as the caregiver serving as a 'secure base' for exploration, the importance of a caregiver's sensitivity to an infant's communication, or the notion that secure attachment promotes greater social competence are deeply rooted in Western cultural values [and] are not applicable to other cultures." (Wei et al, 2004, p. 408). Discuss the above with ...

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Positive Psychology Theory And Core Concepts Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,317 )

School bullying is a growing public concern as it can have detrimental effect on subjective well-being of children and adolescents worldwide. Bullying can be defined and refered to as "intentional , oppresive behavior against another person that causes pysical and/psychological harm" and can be classified into four categories: Physical bullying such as; hitting, pushing, kicking, spiting and punching. Verbal bullying such as; name-calling, teasing, insultting and verbal ...

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Characteristics Of Bullying Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,407 )

The behavior of bullying carries a significant social, financial and a medical cost for its victims as well as perpetrators. Data demonstrates it to be a highly prevalent behavior, with powerful and long lasting psychological and social impact [1]. It crosses boundaries of age, gender, ethnic, and other sociodemographic categories, and has been shown to occur within settings as different as elementary school and corporate boardrooms [2]. ...

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The merits and shortcomings of quantitative and qualitative research

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,693 )

Research methods are "technique(s) for gathering data" (Harding, 1986) and are generally dichotomized into being either quantitative or qualitative. It has been argued that methodology has been gendered (Oakley, 1998), with quantitative methods traditionally being associated with words such as positivism, scientific, objectivity, statistics and masculinity. In contrast, qualitative methods have generally been associated with interpretive, non-scientific, subjectivity and femininity. Quantitative Research Techniques and Procedures Qualitative analysis ...

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Emotional risks you face with cosmetic surgery

01 Jan 1970

5 (1,863 )

...

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