Impacts on Quality of Life Among School Children

09 Apr 2018

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PAVITRA A/P INDRAJOTHY INTRODUCTION It is the truth to say that children are our future and if that is true, more time and energy should be put into the beginning stages of each child's life. The early years of a child’s life are the most important in terms of their general well being, their emotional and social development, and their physical, intellectual and emotional ...

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Antisocial Personality Disorder: Causes, Effects, Treatment

09 Apr 2018

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Antisocial Personality Disorder Crystal Fulp   Antisocial Personality Disorder Personality disorders affect many people in society, but are understood by few. Personality disorders are defined as a deeply ingrained, maladaptive and specific problem behavior or pattern. Such problem patterns typically manifest themselves by early adolescence and have an impairing impact on the person’s functioning in life with a particular emphasis on the impact that ...

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Memory Storage of Psychological Present and Past Events

09 Apr 2018

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Table of Contents (Jump to) 1. Introduction: 2. Stages involved in learning and memory based on the multi-store approach 3. Differences between short term and long term memory 3.1 Short Term Memory: 3.2 Long Term Memory: 4. Functions of memory system in human interactions based on theories of memories: 4.1 Memory Encoding: 4.2 Memory Consolidation: 4.3 Memory Storage: 4.4 Memory Recall/Retrieval: 5. Conclusion References:   1. ...

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Roberto Assagioli's Psychosynthesis: Role in Counselling

09 Apr 2018

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Murray Sheret Students will examine the ideas of one of the theorists introduced in class. They will relate these ideas to their own meaning-making process and their conception of the role of the counsellor and the practice of counselling. The essay will contain reference to the relevant body of academic literature, including both primary and secondary sources. Roberto Assagioli's Psychosynthesis “The mystical is ...

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Effect of Learning Environment on Child Arithmetic Skills

09 Apr 2018

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Abstract The main aim of this experiment is to find out whether learning environments will affect children’s arithmetic skills. The hypothesis is children in kindergarten will performed better in arithmetic skills than children receiving home-schooling (N=40). These 40 children will be categorize into 2 groups, Boys and Girls and according to their learning environments, they are sub-grouped into kindergarten and home learning environments. Two different arithmetic ...

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Emergenetics in the Work Place

09 Apr 2018

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Introduction Emergenetics is a modern psychometric assessment tool based on the brain. It is used to highlight how an individual thinks and behaves (Browning, 2005). This tool provides an understanding of how people live, work, communicate and interact with one another. There are several emergenetics profiles generated for various purposes. Some are meant to test the leadership skills of individuals or the type of behaviour of ...

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Social Perspectives on the Concepts of Sex and Gender

09 Apr 2018

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Critically evaluate the contribution of the social perspective to our understanding of language and meaning and the psychology of sex and gender. It can be said different psychological perspectives lead to different theories providing diverse insights into the same issue i.e. language and meaning. They focus their enquiry in different ways and consequently have dissimilar objects of knowledge. Each perspective asks different questions, use different methods ...

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Witness Memory as Evidence in Criminal Trials

09 Apr 2018

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1. When, and why, are witnesses’ memories unreliable as evidence in criminal trials in England and Wales? Memory Memory is one’s ability to recall the past events. Memory let us explain our personal experiences and perception about anything which is occurred in past. Types Of Memory There are three types of memory Episodic Memory Episodic memory refers to our memory of special event like ...

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Reflection on the Concept of Therapeutic Presence

09 Apr 2018

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Tony Fowler “I am inclined to think that in my writing I have stressed too much on the three basic conditions (congruence, unconditional positive regard and emphatic understanding). Perhaps it is something around the edges of those conditions that is really the most important element of therapy – when myself is very clearly obviously present’ (Rogers cited in Baldwin, 2013a p.28) It has been ...

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Social Psychology Theories and Prosocial Behaviour

09 Apr 2018

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Using social psychology theories, discuss the situational factors that affect the likelihood that people will engage in prosocial behaviour. What is the evidence for these effects, and how might changes in our society affect the likelihood of people acting prosocially? Introduction Societies strive for more social cohesion and better integration of members in the community, to foster wellbeing; thus it is important to study ways of ...

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Posttramatic Stress Disorder: Causes and Effects

09 Apr 2018

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A War Without End: The Struggle of Posttramatic Stress Disorder Abstract This analysis is divided into two major parts. The first portion is dedicated to describing posttramatic stress disorder, as well as the stress response and its contribution to developing PTSD. Along with describing PTSD is a reaction to a Frontline Documentary on veterans struggling with the disorder. The second portion is an analysis of a personal friend that ...

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Visual Cortex Involvement in Memory

09 Apr 2018

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Is visual cortex involved in memory? Essay type - Option 1 [REVIEW OPTION] López-Aranda et al. 2009. Role of Layer 6 of V2 Visual Cortex in Object-Recognition Memory, Science 325, 87 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19574389 Cattaneo et al., 2009. Contrasting early visual cortical activation states casually involved in visual imagery and short term memory http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19788574   Though a lot of information enters the brain, retention ...

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Case Study: Carl Rogers Self Centred Approach

09 Apr 2018

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Working Intensively with Clients Summary of Issues Identified 40 yrs old Recently separated from 20 year marriage; Two children daughter, 9yrs and son, 14yrs; daughter lives away from both parents, son predominantly resides with Julie Relationship with former partner amicable however re-partnered and has become hostile. Wants to further education/career Financially stable in former relationship, now non-financially secure; no assistance towards children’s’ financial needs. Concerned ...

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Research Article Critique: Theories of Helping

09 Apr 2018

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Research Article Critique Wong Hiu Tung Research Article Critique Sprecher, S., Fehr, B., & Zimmerman, C. (2007). Expectation for mood enhancement as a result of helping: The effect of gender and compassionate love. Sex Roles, 56, 543-549. doi: 10.1007/s11199-007-9192-6 Introductory of summary of the study In this article, Sprecher, Fehr, and Zimmerman (2007) attempted to investigate how gender and the propensity to experience the ...

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Theories of Workplace Motivation

09 Apr 2018

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Crystal Mullen I find myself interested in the concept of motivation. What is that motivates people get up and do an honest day’s work versus wasting that same day lying in bed watching the Lifetime Movie Channel? Why is one person motivated simply to make a paycheck while someone else is driven to take charge of their own business? As it turns, out, scientists ...

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Benefits of Informal Communication on Team Performance

09 Apr 2018

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Organising and Managing for Performance Table of Contents (Jump to) Abstract What is informal communication? Does Gossip motivate? Rumour vs Gossips Does Informal Communication Helps in Team Building? Negatives Consequences of Informal Communication: Personal Experience on informal communication in my organisation Benefits or consequences of Gossips How team members and managers can use informal communication? Between work peers in general Between supervisors/managers and subordinates Conclusion Insights of ...

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Biological Basis of Learning, Memory and Motivation

09 Apr 2018

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Azharul Islam Introduction Psychologists have to gather specialized knowledge in considering the ways in which the biological structure and functions of the body affect behaviour. The biological processes are the essential part of human psychology. Our understanding of human behaviour cannot be complete without knowledge of the brain and others part of the nervous system. Biological factors are centrals to every sensory experience, ...

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Effect of Color and Word Length on Memory Performance

09 Apr 2018

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Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of color and word length on memory performance. Seventy nine undergraduate college students from Disted college, aged from 19 to 23 of both male and female genders were recruited for the study. The study was a 3x2 mixed method design, There are two independent variables in this experiment which are word length and colors of words, while the ...

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Motivation and Broadbent’s Filter Model of Attention

09 Apr 2018

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Foundations in Sport Psychology XingChi Shen Psychological Theme (e.g. Motivation) the motivation and Broadbent’s filter model of attention Main Area of Focus (e.g. Self-Determination Theory) Motivated behaviour is primarily determined by situational factors, but motivated behaviour results from the interaction of participant personal factors and situational factors; psychological research shows when people engage in certain activities, ...

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Role of Forensic Psychology in Child Custody Cases

09 Apr 2018

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Introduction: This is an outline of the research that the researcher intends to partake. The research under consideration involves carrying out an analysis on the role of forensic psychology in determining child custody cases. This paper contains the purpose of the study, the introduction of the topic, justification for the topic, new insights of the topic, opportunities for future research, and a conclusion. Purpose: The main ...

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Relationship Between Mental Illness and Crime

09 Apr 2018

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The Circle of Crime Broadsheets and tabloids along with other forms of media continue to sensationalise the association between mental illness and crime with 46% of press coverage dedicated to crime, harm to others and self-harm which is concerning (Hudson, 2013). However, this can be detrimental to the psychological wellbeing of individuals who suffer from mental illness leading to victimisation and recidivism due to ineffective management ...

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Effect of Social Media on Relationship Satisfaction

09 Apr 2018

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Implications of Social Media to Relationship Satisfaction and Conflict Resolution Skills Introduction Social media is a group of internet based applications which build on the technological and ideological foundations of Web 2.0. They allow exchange and creation of content generated by various users. Currently, the major sites that provide ample networking include Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Tumblr. In addition to these, there exists multiple end-user new ...

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Behaviour Modification Case Studies

09 Apr 2018

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BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION SOPHIA A. JOHNSON 24 year old Marla suffers from extreme fear of social situations, she is employed to an advertising firm where she is expected to interact in multiple social setting as a means of networking. Marla is afraid if she does not get help she may lose her job. Marla is suffering from a fear of social situations, the operant behavior ...

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Relationship Between Family Poverty and Child Development

09 Apr 2018

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How is family poverty related to childhood development? It is well documented that family poverty has a negative effect on childhood development (Horgan, 2007) but the many variations in how family poverty is related to childhood development via various pathways is of great importance to parents, health and education professionals as they work to improve the outcomes for children; “maximising the opportunities open to them – ...

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Determinants and Correlates of Compulsive Lying

09 Apr 2018

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Sadiqa Parwar   As quoted by Vladimir Lenin “A lie told often enough becomes the truth.” Compulsive lying is also called as pathological lying that is a clinical term in which an individual repeatedly and apparently compulsively tells false stories. According to out of the fog “compulsive lying is a term used to describe lying frequently out of habit, without much regard for the ...

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Memory Consolidation and Reconsolidation: Drug Addiction

09 Apr 2018

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Memory Consolidation and Reconsolidation: Implications for Drug Addiction Jayan Samarakoon   Abstract This paper looks at the current knowledge and debate surrounding memory reconsolidation. After a brief overview of consolidation and reconsolidation including the associated theories of each process the paper delved into the literature surrounding reconsolidation and critically evaluated research articles which either reinforced or shed doubt onto the physiological mechanisms of reconsolidation. ...

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Social Distance and Regulatory Focus Effect on Over Choice

09 Apr 2018

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The effect of social distance and regulatory focus in the context of over-choice ABSTRACT The current research examines whether regulatory focus vary according to social distance (self, close friend, stranger), and investigated whether the self-other decision making in over-choice contexts induce a reversal choice overload effect to an individual. 21 undergraduates rated satisfaction in accordance with social distance after selecting colours using swatches either few or many ...

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Effect of Early Numeracy Learning on Numerical Reasoning

09 Apr 2018

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FROM NUMERICAL MAGNITUDE TO FRACTIONS Early understanding of numerical magnitude and proportion is directly related to subsequent acquisition of fraction knowledge   Abstract Evidence from experiments with infants concerning their ability to reason with numerical magnitude is examined, along with the debate relating to the innateness of numerical reasoning ability. The key debate here concerns performance in looking time experiments, the appropriateness of which is examined. ...

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The Mozart Effect: Concept Overview and Analysis

09 Apr 2018

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The Mozart Effect Beth Boardley   Abstract The Mozart Effect is said to occur when individuals listen to the two piano sonata. It is hypothesized that by listening to this ensemble that individuals will remember information more easily. Two studies were conducted relating to the Mozart Effect. The first study relates to spatial skill performance and how we use the same neural pathways to ...

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Theories on Stages of Sleep

09 Apr 2018

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Paul Stolt Jr In our textbook it says that, “REM sleep makes up the remaining 20 per cent of your sleep time. It is pronounced “rem” and stands for rapid eye movement sleep because your eyes move rapidly back and forth behind closed lids” (Plotnik & Kouyoudmjian, 2014, p. 153). The brain waves that are present in REM sleep are beta waves, which is ...

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Occupational Health Psychology (OHP): Benefits and Uses

09 Apr 2018

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Occupational health psychology (OHP) is a branch of psychology that focuses on studying the health, safety and well-being of employees with respect to psychosocial factors and health hazards in the work environment. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines OHP as “concerning the application of psychology to improving the quality of life, and to protecting and promoting the safety, health and well-being of ...

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Strengths and Limitations to Research Design and Methods

09 Apr 2018

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Carly Reid   Abstract Assess the strengths and limitations of each of the research designs presented in Weeks 2 and 3. Recommend a quantitative design for your research plan. Include a rationale for why that design would be most appropriate. For the designs that you did not choose, state why each one is not appropriate for your research questions, hypotheses, and variables. Support ...

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Types of Psychologists, Therapists and Counsellors

09 Apr 2018

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Psychologists, counselors, social workers, and psychiatrists all work to help people—what is the difference between these professions? Psychologist: An attending health professional attentive with the scientific inquiry of behavior and its associated mental development, along with memory, rational and irrational thought, intelligence, learning, personality, perceptions and emotions and their relationship to behavior. Psychologists work scientifically, to examine how people act and to consider what motivates them ...

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Analysis of Young Adults' Attitudes Towards Sex and Shyness

09 Apr 2018

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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE TOWARDS SEXUALITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH SHYNESS AMONG YOUNG ADULTS Introduction: Sex refers to whether or not a person is male or female, whether a person has a penis or vagina. Sex is also commonly used as an abbreviation to refer to sexual intercourse. Sexuality refers to the total expression of who we are as a human being, our maleness or our femaleness. Our ...

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Down Syndrome Children Interaction with Family and Peers

09 Apr 2018

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Down Syndrome Children Interaction with Family and Peers: Group Literature Review. Manissha Kaur Nicole Li Xian Nirmaljit Kaur Shakila Binti Shamsudin   Down syndrome is the most frequently identified genetic form of mental retardation (Sherman, Allen, Bean & Freeman, 2007). It is the prominent root of medical conditions and specific birth defects (Sherman, et al., 2007). It is caused by the malsegragation of the ...

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Emotional Regulation & Conflict Management Style in Students

09 Apr 2018

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Abstract EMOTIONAL REGULATION AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STYLE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS M. VIJAY * S. KADHIRAVAN ** Research scholar Research supervisor This study examines about university students’ emotional regulation and conflict management style on the basis of demographic variables such as, stream of study, year of study and type of family. The researcher has employed the descriptive survey method for this study and the sample was ...

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Rehabilitation Psychology Case Study

09 Apr 2018

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Rehabilitation Psychology Case 2: Mary Lee was only 22 years old and was involved in a serious car accident 1 year ago. She sustained multiple fractures in her spine and has become a quadriplegic (C5 level). She is now wheelchair bound and needs to live with her parents (both nearly 60 years old). She is fully dependent for all her ADL and is pondering what to ...

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Concepts and Theories of Classical Conditioning

09 Apr 2018

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Aimee Duncalfe Rena Borovilos Classical Conditioning and My Behaviour Behavioural psychology is a theory of learning that is founded upon the idea that all behaviours are acquired through conditioning, which occurs through environmental interaction (Cherry, What is Behaviorism?, 2014). Conditioning is a specific type of learning that has been explored by several different physiologists and psychologists throughout history, and can be broken down into ...

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Leadership Behaviour and Tests for Personality Types

09 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION Business was created by people for themselves to sell goods and services to which they need but they cannot produce. From the smallest of business arrangements to largest of them, they are meant to meet the goals and objective of human beings. Organizational behavior examines people’s values, beliefs and values and how they influence the manner in which the business is carried out. Leadership and ...

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Just World Belief and Attitude Toward Jirga

09 Apr 2018

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Discussion This study was aimed to investigate the Just world belief and attitude toward jirga among university students. Study shows that the positive attitude toward jirga is positively correlated with just world belief. This shows that people with positive attitude toward jirga system also have high level on JWB. This finding is supported by the theory of “the belief in a Just life: A fundamental delusion” ...

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Adjustment Disorder with Disturbance of Conduct Case Study

09 Apr 2018

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Identifying the Problem Bobby is 12-year-old boy. He was referred to counseling due to his recent onset of disruptive behaviors. Bobby’s parents recently divorced and currently he lives with his mother and a 1-year-old sister. During the last five minutes of the sixth session, he confessed that he hated his baby sister and he thought of killing and harming her. He reported that about a month ...

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Human Error and Perceptual Control Theory

09 Apr 2018

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  Overview In this paper, I will explore and advocate the importance of both Human Error and Perceptual Control Theory for design of complex human-machine systems, enhanced user experience and better human performance and safety. Human Error Errors are the result of actions that fail to generate the intended outcomes (SKYbrary). Human operators are one of the biggest sources of errors in any complex system ...

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Analysis of Family Dynamics for Therapy: Case Study

09 Apr 2018

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When a family comes in for therapy, the therapist needs to take into consideration different circumstances a family may have that is different from their own cultural background; whether it is race, religion, family structure, socioeconomic status, or core values. I chose Seven Heaven show which was an 11 year series about a family who the father is a well-known respected pastor of the town community ...

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Case Study on Social Identity Theory

09 Apr 2018

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Zuneirah Omar Social Identity Theory is a social psychological study which includes self-conception in group memberships (Hogg, 1990). This comes from the concept of social identity which is the meaning that one derives from their social group as well as the fact that they are a part of that social group (Trepte, 2006). Henceforth, this essay on Social Identity theory focuses on the lives ...

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Effect of Parent Addiction on Children

06 Apr 2018

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Antonio Latham Children of Parents with Addiction Drug and alcohol addiction is prevalent in America. Within the U.S., there has been an increasing emphasis and mounting research on how parental addiction impacts the lives of children (Barnard & McKeganey, 2004). This alarm is being powered in part by the escalation of disturbing incidents involving extreme neglect and abuse that children of drug or alcohol ...

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Measuring Depression for Individuals with Chronic Illness

06 Apr 2018

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The main intend of present study was to develop a reliable self-report indigenous measure of depression in people with chronic illnesses. Early detection of depression may decrease the risk of increment of disease burden and may provide insight for future coping skills to manage diseases in patients with chronic illnesses. Currently used scales for screening depression in Pakistan originated in Western countries. These scales are used ...

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Effects on Happiness: A Reflection

06 Apr 2018

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Happiness: Subjective Well-Being Well-being involves physical, psychological, social, economic, and environment. Subjective well-being meaning covers a wider range of concepts than just happiness (Compton & Hoffman, 2012a). However, the subjective well-being also provide advice on measuring people’s experience and evaluations of particular domains of life such as satisfaction with the financial status, health status and other meaningfulness in life (Compton & Hoffman, 2012a). Besides that, subjective ...

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Effects of Caffeinated Beverages on Attention Performance

06 Apr 2018

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Caffeinated Beverages and their Effects on Attention Performance Tasks Cory Jones   Methodology As per the requirements of the study, we will try to understand how the consumptions of energy caffeinated drinks affect the Attention Task performance for participants. We will conduct this test on 20 participants (10 male and 10 female) selected randomly from the University of Michigan- Flint campus. Since the participants ...

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Improving Risk Perception in Adolescent Motorcycle Drivers

06 Apr 2018

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Could Risk Perception Abilities of Adolescence Motorcycle Drivers (Motorcyclist) be Improved Through the Distance Perception Psycho-education Program? Guritnaningsih A. Santoso, Lucia R. Mursitolaksmi, Dewi Maulina   Abstract The number of motorcyclists on the highway increased rapidly from year to year. The Central Bureau of Statistics recorded the number of motorcycles in 2010, 8.7 million units, rising to 9.8 million units in 2011, and became ...

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Effect of Agency on Gambling Behaviour in Schizophrenia

06 Apr 2018

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The Effect of Agency on Gambling Behaviour in Paranoid Schizophrenia   Introduction Our sense of agency is a form of self-consciousness which allows us to distinguish between ourselves and other individuals; it makes us aware of which thoughts and actions are our own (Haggard & Chambon; 2012). This construct can be measured through the use of the intentional binding task (Moore & Obhi; 2012). When ...

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Replication of the Stroop Effect

06 Apr 2018

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Abdus Azad Abstract This experiment is a replication of the Stroop effect, in which you are supposed to identify colors, where colors are in different texts. Also the name of the word when in different colors. There was one experimenter and the participants were 20 (15 females, 5 males) Hunter College Psychology 250 students. The age ranged from 19-32 with a mean age of ...

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Impact of Listening to Music on Concentration

06 Apr 2018

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Mohunisha Mahendra   Abstract A few understudies listen to music to counter the impacts of anxiety or tension while finishing troublesome scholarly assignments. A few studies supporting this system have demonstrated that mood melodies advances cognitive exhibitions while different studies have demonstrated that listening to music while occupied with complex cognitive errands can debilitate execution. This study concentrates on the effect contrast sorts of ...

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Adaptation of Psychometric Tools in Bangladesh

06 Apr 2018

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Roufun Naher Introduction Measurement refers to a procedure which identifies the value of a quantitative variable through its numerical relationship to another value (Michell, 1990). For example, we want to know the body temperature of a particular person. Suen (1990) says, “The science of developing educational and psychological tests and measurement procedures has become highly sophisticated and has developed into such a large body ...

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Differential Susceptibility Theory (DST) in Psychopathology

06 Apr 2018

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Future Directions for research: What makes the Differential Susceptibility approach appealing to Psychopathology and Wellbeing researchers alike? The Differential Susceptibility Theory (DST) has attracted a huge amount of research in recent years from researchers in the field of wellbeing and psychopathology for a variety of reasons. This essay will examine both the dominant diathesis-stress model and DST and highlight how the knowledge of DST can improve ...

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Factors Affecting Witness Accounts

06 Apr 2018

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Witnesses Accounts and the Reality The information given by an informant may vary significantly with the actual information or what happened on the ground. The most basic question that interviewers, weather in the justice system or in research always grapple with is how to know whether the informant is giving the truth (Dean & Whyte 1958). It would be difficult to determine whether this information is ...

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Negative Effects of Childhood Obesity

06 Apr 2018

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Stella Badalyants Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to inform about negative effects of childhood obesity. Children’s choices in foods are largely influenced by media and commercial advertising. Obesity has become a growing health concern at a very young age. Cultural differences including national history showed to have an effect on weight in children. Overweight children not only suffer from serious physical ...

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Localization of Bran Functions: Research and Analysis

06 Apr 2018

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Adult brains show localized functions, for example with speech processes being concentrated in areas in the left hemisphere and with executive functions concentrated in the pre-frontal cortex. How does this organization come about? Is it because these functions are localized from birth? The functioning and processes of the brain is a very complex subject. Years of studies and experiments are yet to answer all the questions ...

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Causes of Dreams and Nightmares

06 Apr 2018

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Evangjelos Danaj Abstract What are nightmares they are dreams bad ones that affect us every people sees dreams but not all of them see nightmares. We see nightmares most of the time when we are affected in a negative way in our life our when we ourselves have done something bad we tend to overthink it and that is one of the reason as ...

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Effect of Physical Abuse on Mental Health

06 Apr 2018

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Article summary Research Question It has long been known that physical abuse can put individuals at risk of having mental illness. Many studies have proved that there is a connection between physical punishment and mental disorders. A few researches have worked on a cause of particular mental disorders; however, it still lacks of evidence and no one has focused on the long-term outcomes of physical abuse ...

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Psychological Film Analysis: Silver Linings Playbook

06 Apr 2018

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Hannah Altom Silver Linings and Family Pat Solitano had several tremendously difficult months under his belt when he was let go from his stay at the psychiatric hospital. He came out only to discover that his wife, Nikki, had left him leaving him with nothing but a restraining order following the acts that put him there to begin with. Now under the care of ...

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Dichotic Listening Task Analysis

06 Apr 2018

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Miss Emma Elizabeth Dorothy Meredith What does the dichotic listening task tell us about how we attend to information? Discuss this with reference to early and late selection models of attention. Attention is a selection process and is invaluable to our everyday lives. We use our attention for many things such as crossing the road, watching over our children, or even while multi-tasking (which ...

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Emotions in Psychopathy and Borderline Personality Disorder

06 Apr 2018

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Fathimath Shaiba Nimal   Citation: Herpertz, S. C., Werth, U., Lukas, G., Qunaibi, M., Schuerkens, A., Kunert, H. J., ... & Sass, H. (2001). Emotion in criminal offenders with psychopathy and borderline personality disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58(8), 737-745. The extensive commonality between the current range of recognized personality disorders is evident amid the conditions that constitute to form cluster B, a sub ...

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Strategies for Vicarious Trauma

06 Apr 2018

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Frances Roulet Vicarious Trauma and Compassion Fatigue Professional Quality of Life, ProQOL 5. The ProQOL 5 was an easy and short-timed instrument to respond to. Based on the responses and personal scores the results were given as follows: Compassion Satisfaction: 47 High Burnout: 15 Low Secondary Trauma Stress: 19 Low The obtained scores in this instrument revealed that in the subscale of ...

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Research and Technology for Learning and Memory

06 Apr 2018

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Stacey Obispo Enhanced Learning Technological advances in bioelectronics and applied neural control technologies have enabled scientist to create machine assisted minds (McGee & Maguire, 2007). The technological advances have been sought to improve the quality of people’s mental capacities by enhancing one’s ability to learn just like pharmaceutical enhancements have done in the past (McGee & Maguire, 2007). However, when enhancing ones’ mental abilities as both ...

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Effect of Video Games on Brain Functions

06 Apr 2018

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The Immersion of the Human Mind In Video Games Stefan Nikolov Contents (Jump to) Abstract Literature Review Current Perceptions Abstract This research paper was created with the intention of taking the reader on a guided journey towards understanding how the human mind functions within the virtual world of video games. It explores the interaction between the senses of the nervous system and the game’s artificial ...

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Dissociative Identity Disorder and Legal Ramifications

06 Apr 2018

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Robert Munro Law and Psychology Considering Dissociative Identity Disorder and Legal Ramifications Dissociative identity disorder (DID) formerly known, as multiple personality disorder is a controversial psychopathology involving complex disturbances of the self and memory wherein multiple identities are said to coexist within the same person. The first known case of DID was recorded in the 1600s and experienced a steady spike in prevalence during the ...

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Personality Theories in Successful Leaders

06 Apr 2018

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Abstract One question that all good employee thinks is what makes a good leader and how do I become one. It is important to understand what makes a leader and are there certain personality characteristics that make leaders successful. Using the big five personality dimensions which are extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience it will be explored what characteristic’s fit with successful leaders today. ...

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Effect of the Internet on Brain and Cognition

06 Apr 2018

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Robert Deichert   Research Article Review Article 1: “Searching for Explanations: How the Internet Inflates Estimates of Internal Knowledge” (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Published online March 30, 2015) Matthew Fisher, Mariel Goddu, and Frank Keil, the three researchers in charge of this study, were interested in studying the Internet’s effects on the brain and cognition. More specifically, they wanted to find out if ...

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Effect of Parenting Styles on Child Development

06 Apr 2018

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Yielding an ideal child goes beyond having the image of it. The parents’ manner of handling situations like when children accidentally break a glass, ask for concert tickets, or get low grades in the exam, determines if yielding a well-developed child is possible for them. Parents, in hope of making their child closer to what they expect, are continuously making attempts to shape their children and ...

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Relationship between Poverty and Educational Outcomes

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,538 )

Children in Poverty: Addressing Inequalities in Educational Outcomes Jodie Somerville The American Psychological Association (2007) asserts that socioeconomic factors and social class are fundamental determinants of human functioning across the lifespan including development. Levels of parental education, occupation and income are factors used to quantify socio-economic status and classify social class (Duchesne, McMaugh, Bochner & Krause, 2013). Socioeconomic status (SES) is a recognition of the economic, ...

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Panic Attack Treatment Case Study

06 Apr 2018

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Angela L. Jenkins   Final Project Assessment reports are measurement tools that fit comfortably into a variety of settings. It is a necessity that all counselors utilize assessment. Assessment is a vital part of the counseling experience and should be used with every client in a formal or informal manner. The counselor should have certain skills to ensure the usefulness and correctness of assessment. ...

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Effect of Genes on Personality

06 Apr 2018

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To do what extent do genes influence one’s personality? Personality is, traditionally, one of the most important objects of study for psychologists due to its major contribution to individual differences. Previous research explored the mystery of human personality to some extent, people gradually realize what determines their behaviours, why somebody feel excited in a certain situation while others do not. However, there is still huge debate ...

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Effect of Positive Emotions Induced by Music

06 Apr 2018

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Do positive emotions induced by music broaden thought-action repertoires? Music has the potential to communicate emotions, and this presence can be considered to be part of our everyday experience. Music psychologist believes that it has the capability to invoke specific emotions when listeners tune in to a specific type of music. For example, a faster toned and pitch music will indicate a lighter and happier mood, ...

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Psychological Theories in Business and Organisations

06 Apr 2018

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Leadership and the Multiplier Effect There is strong evidence that leader behavior is related to employee happiness. For example, charismatic leadership is strongly related to subordinate job satisfaction (DeGroot et al. 2000), and leader-member relationships is also strongly related to job satisfaction and organizational commitment (Gerstner and Day 1997). Likewise, trust in the leader is a strong predictor of satisfaction and commitment (Dirks and Ferrin 2002) ...

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Erickson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Analysis

06 Apr 2018

5 (1,904 )

Psychology 1: Development and learning Identity verse confusion An adolescent is a person who is currently in the process of developing from a child into an adult. This process involves many social and physical changes that challenge the adolescent. It is in this stage that a person forms their identity. This time period has been defined by Erik Erikson as Identity verse Confusion. This period can ...

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Effect of Wishing 'Good Luck' on Performance

06 Apr 2018

6 (2,020 )

Running head: WHY DOES WISH WORK Does the wish work because of a specific superstitious belief or because the wish is a positive sentiment? Suellen, Hei Lon Kong Abstract The present research examined whether the wish worked because of a specific superstitious belief or because the wish was a positive sentiment. Individuals (N=241) were being put into three different conditions: "Good luck with prize ...

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Effect of Interventions on Mental Health of Offshore Workers

06 Apr 2018

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5.3 Study 2 – Qualitative Insights Research Question: what is the effect of Intervention policies, from the perspective of the offshore industry, on the mental health of offshore workers? Based on the views of the offshore representatives who participated in this study, this research identified five themes which aim to explain the effect of intervention policies on the mental health of offshore workers. 5.3.1 Theme One: ...

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Comparison of Education Reports of Behavioural Symptoms

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,735 )

Running Head: Teacher, children, and parents reports of behavioral symptoms Comparison between teacher, children, and parents reports of behavioral symptoms associated with disruptive behaviors. Karelyn M. González-Cruz, M.S., José J. Cabiya., Ph.D., Lymaries Padilla, Ph.D. & Jovette Sánchez, M.S.   (The project/study described was supported by Grant Number 1 R24 MD00152-01, from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health. It’s ...

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Relationship Between Intelligence and Creativity

06 Apr 2018

4 (1,518 )

For a long time, creativity has been a neglected subject in psychological research. This is mainly because it has always been widely believed that it has mystical influences or a divine nature. Plato said that the poet is only able to create what the Muse dictates and most often than not, even nowadays, writers or inventors often mention the presence of a spiritual nature that switches ...

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Factors Causing Substance Abuse Relapse

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,522 )

Relapse among substance abusers after treatment is an old phenomenon that has always been the nemesis of nations all around the world (Golestan, Abdullah, Ahmad & Anjomshoa, 2010). For long, studies have found that through several generations, relapse to substance abuse after treatment remains one of the greatest challenges in the treatment of all forms of substance abuse including alcohol, marijuana, heroin and cocaine (Marlatt & ...

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Gender Differences in Fear of Crime Anxiety

06 Apr 2018

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Qualitative Data Analysis Using Open Coding Gender difference, anxiety and fear of crime 1995 Introduction This is a Qualitative Data Analysis done on the data set of “Gender difference, anxiety and fear of crime 1995”. Qualitative Research is development of concepts which help us to understand social phenomena in natural (rather than experimental) settings, giving due emphasis to the meanings, experiences and views of ...

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Excessive Oral Parafuctional Movement Habit Reversal

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,432 )

Yeseul KIM Self-Reporting of Excessive Oral Parafuctional Movement with Proposal of Future Intervention Oral parafunctional activities refer to excessive uses of mouth, tongue and jaw, including continuous chewing, biting objects, leaning on the hand, teeth grinding and jaw clenching (Winocur, Litter, Adams & Gavish, 2006). Their prevalence and association with signs and physiological and psychological symptoms of dysfunction have been reported, such as facial muscle ...

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Do Opinions on Immigration Change Over Time?

06 Apr 2018

17 (6,720 )

Samantha Clarke Table of Contents (Jump to) Abstract Introduction Hypotheses Null Hypothesis Aim Method Design Participants Apparatus Procedure Results Inferential Statistics/Treatment of Results Discussion Conclusion Appendix Appendix A – Sample Questions Appendix B – Sample Results Table Appendix C – Sample Questionnaire Completed Appendix D – Raw data from both conditions Appendix E - Scatter graph Appendix F – Shows Increases and Decreases ...

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Biopsychosocial Perspectives of Learning

06 Apr 2018

5 (1,693 )

John Sweeney   Abstract Human-beings are ever learning throughout their lifetime. Many processes go into the formation of the material in which they learn. There are many aspects in learning from biological to psychological factors as well as social and environmental factors. Some learning is inherited genetically for survival while other forms of learning are through psychological cognitive processes while other types of learning ...

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Death Anxiety and Stress Levels With Different Age Groups

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,454 )

q Introduction This research will be about studying the relationship between human’s age group with life stress level and also death anxiety. According to Peter, Cant, Payne, O’Connor, McDermott, Hood, Morphet and Shimoinaba (2013), death anxiety is the morbid, abnormal or persistent fear of one's own death or the process of his/her dying. Death anxiety is also a feeling of dread, apprehension or anxiety ...

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Materialist View of the Mind-body Problem Analysis

06 Apr 2018

4 (1,334 )

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the materialist view of the mind-body problem. The mind-body problem within the study of consciousness is exactly as it sounds – the difficulty with connecting the mind with the body. The mind is about mental processes, consciousness and thoughts, and the body is about the physical aspect of the brain (McLeod, 2007). This problem is known as the explanatory gap ...

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Factors in the Ethical Codes in Research

06 Apr 2018

4 (1,292 )

Second Draft of Training Materials Tiffany Stewart   The Ethical Principles are part of the Ethics Code that psychologists follow when practicing. One area of psychology that will be discussed throughout this paper is counseling. The ethical principles will be defined as well as an example of an ethical dilemma that goes against each principle in counseling.There are five ethical principles that need to ...

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Analysis of Attitudes towards Terrorist Groups

06 Apr 2018

7 (2,782 )

Introduction Pakistan has lost at least 50,943 lives to terrorism just since January 1, 2003, according to the SATP data base , including 18,373 civilians, 26,992 terrorists, and 5,578 SF personnel. Terrorism is one of the major problems of Pakistan which is effecting and causing all other problems. Its effecting, economy, tourism, sports almost all the social and economic factors of the country and most of ...

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Psychology in Films: Shawshank Redemption Personality Theory

06 Apr 2018

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Eleanor Rutherford Engler (2013) describes “personality" as an organised and dynamic set of characteristics, that an individual possesses, which influences their cognition,emotions, behaviour, motivations andenvironment. Krauskopf (1999) provides a wider definition in that “personality” refers to the patterns of thoughts, feelings, behaviours and social adjustments, which are consistently exhibited over time that intensely influences the expectations, self-perceptions, values, and attitudes of the individual. It ...

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History of Psychology as a Scientific Discipline

06 Apr 2018

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DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY The commencement of the history of psychology is difficult to determine, essentially for the reason that it is hard to found accurately what psychology is. Instead, we can simply point that psychology is the study of the mind and its functions particularly those disturbing comportment in a given context.[SD1] One way to think about the olden times of psychology is to categorize the ...

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Postural Sway and Self-Motion Perception Theory

05 Apr 2018

4 (1,439 )

Tharushi Kaluarachchi People are often faced with a sensation of motion when gazing at moving clouds or when a train on an adjacent track moves at a railway station (Dichgans & Brandt, 1978). Multiple senses contribute to this common visual illusion of self-motion. Optic flow stimuli induces a conflict between visual input, signalling movement of the body and vestibular input from inertial motion ...

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Mental Health of Geriatric Population Comparison

05 Apr 2018

11 (4,291 )

AIM Mental health of Geriatric Population: A Comparative study between old aged living with family and in old age homes. OBJECTIVE To assess the dimensions of mental health of the old aged living with family and in old age homes. HYPOTHESIS There will be a significant difference in the mental health of geriatric population living in old age homes and with family. There will be ...

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Introduction to Psychology: Key Psychologists and Theories

05 Apr 2018

5 (1,917 )

Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud explored the human mind more thoroughly than any other who became before him. And His is known as the Father of Psychology. His contribution to psychology are big. In 20th century, Sigmund Freud is the one of the most influential people. Besides his contribution to psychology, people are also influenced on his art and literature and even the way they bring out ...

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Effect of Bilingualism on Ageing and the Brain

05 Apr 2018

4 (1,489 )

Nur’Aisyah Binte Yussof In Wiley’s journal article, he states that speaking two languages benefits the aging brain. He presents his ideas, arguments and analysis with supporting evidence from epidemiological study by Dr. Bak and colleagues from the Centre for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh. This critical review will examine another three different articles on this issue and would evaluate ...

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Impact of Jealousy on Relationships

05 Apr 2018

4 (1,431 )

Jealousy has crucial and far-reaching implications for persons who are involved in romantic relationships. According to Harris (2009), individuals in a romantic relationship, do at some point experience the feeling of jealousy. Among most definitions of jealousy, it is usually defined as an emotional response to the real or imagined threat of losing something of value from a romantic relationship (Salovey & Rodin, 1985; White & ...

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Impact of Pro-Eating Disorder Websites

05 Apr 2018

9 (3,225 )

Kosalina Vignarajah & Harithra Chandrasehar   Abstract This paper examines the impact of pro-eating disorder websites as determined by the researches done on the area. During the course of this paper, we have critically analyzed the findings, methodologies and conclusions given in eight research papers while providing suggestions for our opinions on them. After the analysis, we have come to a conclusion that pro-eating ...

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Classical and Operant Conditioning for Maladaptive Behaviour

05 Apr 2018

6 (2,022 )

Applying classical and operant conditioning therapies to change maladaptive human behaviour Psychologists who study the behaviourism approach suggest that behaviours of a human are learnt through either classical or operant conditioning. These behaviours can be changed through therapies. This assignment assesses the values of applying classical and operant conditioning therapies to change maladaptive human behaviour. Operant conditioning is when behaviours are learnt through consequences; doing something to ...

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Evaluating Theories in Developmental Psychology

05 Apr 2018

4 (1,236 )

Michelle Holding A key area studied in developmental psychology is sex and gender. Sex is a biological term which refers to the genetics and DNA which we are born with. Females are born with XX chromosomes and males are born with XY chromosomes. (Hayes 2000, p664) states that sex is the biological quality of the individual, someone is biologically either male or female. Gender ...

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Effectiveness of Play Therapy in Enhancing Social Skills

05 Apr 2018

6 (2,017 )

Effectiveness of Play Therapy in enhancing Social skills in Intellectually Disabled Children by Azka Tauqeer Asjad   Abstract The present study was targeted to measure the effectiveness of play therapy in enhancing social skills in pre-diagnosed intellectually disabled children of mild and moderate level. The research was comprised of ten intellectually disabled children of mild and moderate level of ages 5-15 from Army Special ...

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Effect of Personality on Career Choice

05 Apr 2018

6 (2,159 )

Which personality factors would be most likely to inform an ambitious choice of career? Discuss in reference to concepts drawn from at least two theories of personality. Personality is a set of psychological processes which emerges from our brain, which defined as ongoing natures that craft the characteristic patterns of interaction with individual’s environment (Goldberg, 1993; Olver and Mooradian, 2003; Parks and Guay, 2009). The relationship ...

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