Birth Order and Personality

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,356 )

Birth order can be defined as the order in which siblings are born. Personality can be defined as the characteristics that distinguish an individual from another individual. Over the course of history, people have wondered about these and how and to what extent birth order affects personality. The theory that can describe this is called the birth order theory. The father of the birth order theory is ...

Click here to read more arrow

An Introduction into Solution Focused Therapy

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

4 (1,380 )

In this paper, I have chosen to talk about solution-focused therapy. I have always liked this therapy due to its brief nature and how it focuses on solutions rather than the actual problem. I have worked in drug treatment and crisis intervention facilities in my short career, and I have a strong belief that solution-focused is a useful intervention for many clients. Overall, I believe that solution-focused ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theoretical Perspectives Within Psychology

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

17 (6,555 )

Showing a greater understanding for the different theoretical perspectives within psychology, brings the psychologist or scientist closer in understanding the complexity of human nature and the variety of personalities within society. This paper will focus on 6 of the perspectives [see appendix 1 for a list of theoretical perspectives]. The different theoretical perspectives of psychology have come to exist through the works of different schools of thoughts, ...

Click here to read more arrow

Is Depression The Main Cause Of Suicide?

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,219 )

The Oxford Dictionary defines suicide as the act of killing oneself intentionally. Over millions people commit suicide each year, making it the tenth-leading cause of death worldwide. People who attempt suicide are often trying to get away from a life problems that seemed impossible to deal with. (Oxford Dictionary ,N.D) Suicide is a main public health problem. It is the eleventh leading cause of death in the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Female Offenders: Court Sentences

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

4 (1,217 )

Female Offenders Receive Harsher Sentences in the Courts than do their Male Counterparts Most research implies that there is a significant difference in the way women and men ware treated by the criminal system and that these differences are mainly due to the operation of gender stereotypes. Research studies have hypothesised that gender does affect sentence in a number of ways. The effect is not necessarily ...

Click here to read more arrow

Case study: DYSLEXIA

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

7 (2,630 )

Disability as the name suggests is the lack of ability of some kind (Shaywitz 2003). The lack of ability could be mental, physical, development, mental, sensory or a combination of some or all of them. Disability is a complex phenomenon which encompasses the inability of one to coordinate his/her body parts to perform tasks that perceived by the society as normal. I am going to look at ...

Click here to read more arrow

Social Learning Theory Evaluation

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

8 (3,175 )

There are many definitions of social learning. These definitions reflect the meanings and attachments that these authors have to them. Their moral values affect these definitions as well (Cullen & Agnew, 2011). General theories of social learning include religious, moral, and other conventional values. On the other hand, specific definitions focus more on the persons or specific acts that take place within their life (Cullen & Agnew, ...

Click here to read more arrow

Athlete Psychological Responses To Injury

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

9 (3,238 )

Sport psychology has become an academic discipline that is broadly concerned with the relationship between psychological behaviour and sport and exercise (Heil, 1993). It has three related focal areas of study, social issues, health and well-being, and performance enhancement (Taylor & Taylor, 1997). According to Heil (1993) the most focused upon of these three areas is the later, dealing with motivation, leadership, team building, group cohesion, and ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychological Aspects Of Cold Environment

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

9 (3,496 )

Of all the stressors that affect human mind and body, environmental stress is quite significant, which can be critical in a military context. Extreme cold is a potent stressor causing both deterioration in morale and decrements in performance. Servicemen are expected to perform at optimal levels in all types of climates, including the cold and the extreme cold. Thus understanding the impact of extreme cold weather conditions ...

Click here to read more arrow

Observations Of Students In Library Situations

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,185 )

This research presents an ethnographic account of personal actions and performances of the students in University of Southampton, who are supposed to share a limited area with other students at the university's library in order to get benefit of every single resource provided by the university. The observation is based on four days participant observation of the students about eight hours per day just before supplementary exams ...

Click here to read more arrow

Sexual harassment opinions

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,310 )

Effects Sexual harassment often has adverse effects on the victim's performance at work. Both the quantity and the quality of work may suffer, as' well as the employees' morale, attendance, and ability to work with others. Sexual harassment can cause employers losses in productivity and can lead to greater employee turnover and use of sick leave. The harassment can also harm the victim's psychological and physical well-being. ...

Click here to read more arrow

A student on parental effects on education

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

10 (3,967 )

This chapter gives an overall picture of the design of the study research tools used for the study, nature and selection of the sample, analysis and interpretation of the data in the light of other research studies. Academic achievement is one of the aims of education. A child's academic achievement is highly improved by parent-child relationship. It is also enforced by the nature of the school and ...

Click here to read more arrow

Effects Of Compulsive Buying Disorder

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,182 )

Compulsive buying disorder or Omniomania commonly known as shopping addiction was recognized in the early nineteenth century, and considered as a psychiatric disorder in the early twentieth century. It is characterized by excessive behavior regarding shopping and spending which may lead to dangerous consequences. Why compulsive buying is considered a dangerous symptom? Although it is not specifically listed in the diagnostic of mental disorders it does seem ...

Click here to read more arrow

Comparison of models of psychotherapy

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

10 (3,935 )

Depression is one of the most common and widespread psychiatric disorders in the UK. Of over 5000 British residents, approximately 5.9% of males and 4.2% of females suffer from depressive illnesses (Based on DSM-IV criteria) (Ohayon, 1999). Consequently there has been much emphasis on implementing techniques and psychotherapy to solve these issues and find effective treatments for depression. This essay describes and critically evaluates psychodynamic therapy which ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Fight Or Flight Syndrome

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

4 (1,469 )

The fight or flight response was coined by Cannon and refers to the physiological reactions that prepare us for a strenuous efforts required by fighting or running away, (Martin, Carlson & Buskit, 2010, p 750). There is evidence for and against the modern man/women being ill because of the fight or flight syndrome. For example if the stress is short-term then there will be no adverse effects ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychopathology And Depression: Case Study

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

10 (3,703 )

The authors aim is to produce a case study containing all information on the individual in question. Then to diagnose the illness and the long term effects and prognosis for them. Depression is a major illness, however many people think it's not a real illness because they cannot see it. It is a mood disorder that debilitates the suffer, as it affects the person as a whole: ...

Click here to read more arrow

Reducing stress through exercise

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

5 (1,644 )

"How can exercise reduce stress?" Some people might joke, given that most people think of gym or exercise at classes as a source of stress. However, cardiovascular exercise such as running, tennis, and other forms of activity that raise the heart rate as well as lower-impact forms of exercise such as meditation and yoga can have a profoundly beneficial impact on the mind of an individual under ...

Click here to read more arrow

Advantages And Disadvantages: Qualitative Research

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

3 (1,197 )

Qualitative research accepts the fact that there are many different ways of investigating and understanding our social world. It realises that nothing is pre-determined and that there is always room for new findings in the future. It helps understand people in a certain setting. In qualitative research, the methods most commonly used are; qualitative case study, ethnography, content analysis and action research. There are many advantages and ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories of autobiographical memory

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

8 (3,194 )

Autobiographical memory is characterised by individual and gender differences resulting from significant social interchanges and cultural milieus experienced during the early-developmental and mature phases of life. The study is designed to explore the theoretical concepts encompassing the different types, neural basis and several theoretical dimensions pertaining to the autobiographical memory. Keywords: autobiographical memory, cognitive behaviour, cognitive psychology Theories of Autobiographical Memory 3 Autobiographical Memory: A Theoretical Overview Autobiographical ...

Click here to read more arrow

The aspects of attitude | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

4 (1,268 )

In the early 19th century the term attitude was referring to a person's posture. Someone's physical appearance showed whether he had threatening or defiant attitude. Even though we can still refer to the word in this manner, nowadays attitude connotes the psychological and mental state of a person. The definition of attitudes is, "Attitudes is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with ...

Click here to read more arrow

Relationship between motivation and job satisfaction

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

10 (3,826 )

According to Higgins 1994, motivation is an internal force based on employees needs to drive him/her to achieve a goal. Base on this every sales employee is in charge of their own destiny to achieve or enhance their performance which in a result would make them feel more satisfied at what they are doing i.e. in terms of amount of sales they make. This all depends on ...

Click here to read more arrow

Borderline personality disorder: Object relations perspective

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

15 (5,601 )

The term Borderline was coined by Stern in 1938 to describe a group of clients that exhibited primitive thinking and defense mechanisms, regressive transferences, destructive behaviors, and intense countertransference reactions (Berzoff, Flanagan, Hertz, 2008; Gunderson, 1984). Today, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a well known and recognized diagnosis; yet, it is still perceived to be a frustrating, perplexing, and complicated disorder for clients and clinicians to experience, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Severe Problem Of Social Isolation

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,298 )

Social Isolation is one of the top causes of suicide. It is important socially, emotionally, and psychologically to have friends and family to count on. Without them life seems impossible. Many wonder what the causes of this suicide epidemic are. The root of this severe problem lies with the social isolation which is caused by loneliness and depression. Loneliness is the lacking of desired social relationships, a ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories Of General Intelligence

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

5 (1,623 )

General Intelligence is defined as the ability to think about various ideas, analyze different situations and conditions, and find solutions by solving problems. Different types of Intelligence tests are used to measure general intelligence. What is General Intelligence? In everyone's mind the main question is what is general intelligence? The general intelligence factor or the g-factor is an arguable concept which is used in the field of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Why do we dream?

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

6 (2,008 )

Why do we dream? The proposed question of ‘why do we dream?' is one that can be easily asked but harder to explain. At this moment in time, there is a certain degree of ignorance to sleep and dreams based on the fact that we are yet to know the function of dreaming. Despite there being several theories about the concept of dreaming, there has yet to ...

Click here to read more arrow

Neurotransmitters: The nervous system

03 Oct 2016 15 May 2017

8 (3,131 )

Introduction In our nervous system, the nerve impulse is transfers through neuron, the neuron accept signal from other neuron, integrate the information and then transfer the signal to other cells. Neurons communicate with each other at a specialized junction called synapse. Synapse is a structure that enables the neuron to pass electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or other cells like muscle cell. According to ...

Click here to read more arrow

Entrepreneurship Approach Characteristics

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

3 (978 )

Psychologists have contributed to the field of entrepreneurship in many ways. For long they have directed their efforts to distinguish entrepreneurs from non-entrepreneurs as well successful entrepreneurs from the unsuccessful ones though a set of common characteristics and distinctive features that entrepreneur possess. The belief that entrepreneurs have distinctive personality characteristics has a long tradition in entrepreneurship studies. In psychology entrepreneurship can be discussed under two main ...

Click here to read more arrow

The key theories of addiction

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

6 (2,080 )

Illegal Drug Use and Addiction This review will look at the key theories of addiction and the use of illegal drugs. It will examine dominant theories behind the psychological factors present in the decision process that leads to the intake take illegal drugs; it will define the most common aspects of addiction and outline both traditional and modern innovative treatments for individuals who have an addiction. For ...

Click here to read more arrow

Why is intelligence such a thorny issue?

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

6 (2,011 )

Why is intelligence such a thorny issue in the wider culture but not so much in psychology? Human intelligence is the most controversial area of psychology to study. Controversial issues in psychology are those that initiate concern in psychology and society. Intelligence has always been a thorny issue in the wider culture, but not so much in psychology. Intelligence have been indentify as human unique feature. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Visual illusions, sensation and perception

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,597 )

Visual illusions have been a source of fascination since the ancient Greeks period when visual compensatory methods were employed in architectural design to combat illusory effects. The Parthenon temple of Athens illustrates this. In an effort to stop the Parthenon temple from giving the appearance of sagging in the middle, the temples designers made use of linear perspective in the construction of the temples columns and also ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Personality And Interest Assessment

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,526 )

Four dominant psychological personality assessment questionnaires exist, each intended to measure one of the four central models of personality. The Myers-Brigs Type Indicator assesses personality traits based on Jungian theory. Eyesenck's model measures the presence of only three trait dimensions, while Catell's model proclaims detailed complexity in human personality through the measurement of sixteen traits. The Big Five model includes five core traits which are believed interact ...

Click here to read more arrow

Explanations for schizophrenia

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

3 (1,102 )

Schizophrenia is a very serious mental condition or illness, it is known as the 'split' of the 'mind'. When an individual is classed as a schizophrenic, it is usually believed that they have a significant loss of contact with reality and they experience emotional, social and mental disturbances (Butcher et al, 2004: 458). On average 1% of the population is schizophrenic, this essay will discuss the aetiology ...

Click here to read more arrow

Self Determination Theory | Analyis

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,788 )

Quality effective coaching is about interdisciplinary knowledge. As well as the ability to recognise implicit and explicit decision making. Coaching is essentially about problem solving, a good coach uses a procedural and declarative knowledge compilation to help towards problem solving. A good example of this would be the Kolb's Experimental Cycle (1984). It shows a continuous flow of development, including; reflective observation, abstract conceptualisation, active experimentation and ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories Of Counseling And Psychotherapy

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,340 )

What is psychoanalytic theory and who is its creator? Where did this theory originate and why is it important to psychology today? What are its strengths and weaknesses? How does it influence psychology today and how does it compare to Christian principles? The psychoanalytic theory is a complex and multifaceted idea that still commands for study and revision to this day. This paper is going to look ...

Click here to read more arrow

Preparedness theory and Phobias

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

5 (1,845 )

Suffering from a phobia can be a debilitating and distressing condition. Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities. While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli there is research to suggest that phobias have a biological specificity i.e. most phobias are based upon a fear of biological stimuli (Jacobs & Nadel, 1985). Science has attempted ...

Click here to read more arrow

Role Of Fathers In The Lives Of Children

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

16 (6,394 )

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between paternal role identity and fathering outcomes by linking fathers' metaparenting beliefs and behaviors with their pre-teenage and teenage children's perception of fathering roles in their lives. A convenience sample of 25 fathers (18-65 years) and their pre-teen/teenage daughters (n=25; 11-17 years) participated in the study. Three data collection instruments were used: the 16-item Fathering Relationship Questionnaire, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The effectiveness of personality tests

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,570 )

Introduction In order to discuss the use of Personality Assessments in Selection we must first understand what Personality is and what Personality Assessments are. Personality relates to our natural and primarily mental structures that provide guidelines for individuals' choices and behaviour (Soldz & Vaillant, 1999 ). It is therefore evident that personality is a collection of characteristic thoughts, behaviours and feelings that are unique to every individual. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Analysis of attribution theory

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,262 )

Attribution theory was developed overtime from the theories of Fritz Heider, Edward Jones, Keith Davis, and Harold Kelley. All were social psychologists. Edward 'Ned' Jones was born August 11, 1926 in Buffalo, NY. He received his doctorate degree from Harvard University in 1953. He taught at Duke University in the psychology department and was chair of the department from 1970-73. He was on both the National Science ...

Click here to read more arrow

Biological And Social Learning Perspectives

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,489 )

Aggression has been a factor of human behaviour that has puzzled philosophers and psychologists throughout the existence of our species. Aggression has always been prevalent in human civilisation, with around 15000 wars in 5600 years, averaging out at 2.7 wars a year (Eysenck, 2002). Early thinkers, such as Hobbes (1651) stated that people have a natural instinct to be competitive and hostile, and will only work towards ...

Click here to read more arrow

Why to use panel unit root tests?

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

7 (2,604 )

The main advantage of using panel unit root tests is that their power is significantly greater compared to the low power of the standard time-series unit root tests in finite samples against alternative hypotheses with highly persistent deviations from equilibrium. Monte-Carlo simulations have also shown that this problem is particularly severe for small samples like ours (see Campbell and Perron 1991). Since the power of unit root ...

Click here to read more arrow

Anxiety Research Within Sport Psychology

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

22 (8,651 )

High levels of anxiety are a common response to stressful competitive sports situations, and are known to affect the athletic performance. The results of anxiety are reported as an unpleasant emotional state associated with perceptions of situational threat. The studies in this dissertation considered primarily psychometric, methodological and conceptual issues of relevance for the study of anxiety and sports performance. It is based on the investigating the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories for prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

6 (2,183 )

Contemporary Social Psychology largely follows Allport's 1954 definition of prejudice; "Ethnic prejudice is an antipathy based upon a faulty and inflexible generalisation. It may be felt or expressed. It may be directed toward a group as a whole or toward an individual because he/she is a member of that group" (Glick & Fiske, 2001). Social Cognitive approaches to the understanding of prejudice focus on aspects of individual ...

Click here to read more arrow

Gestalt Approach to Psychotherapy

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

9 (3,581 )

The first part of this essay sets out to describe the Gestalt approach to psychotherapy. The second part details how I would incorporate the Gestalt approach into a hypnotherapy session. Gestalt therapy was first developed by Fritz and Laura Perls in the 1940/50s. Though the Gestalt approach originally developed in the United States, it has spread widely, and there are now Gestalt practitioners all over the world. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Academic Procrastination And Perfectionism

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

10 (3,691 )

This focus of this dissertation is to determine the relationship between academic procrastination and perfectionism amongst university students in Mauritius. The study therefore addressed some factors that are believed to affect university students in their life as a student and play an important role on the level of academic achievement. This chapter will serve its introductory purpose by defining the key terms (subsection 1) that will be ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Effect Of Parental Incarceration

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,562 )

Incarceration does not solely affect the person incarcerated but also the family, children and other loved ones. Evidence of the increase on incarceration is felt in society. According to Harrison & Beck (2006), the Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that there were about 1.5 million children are suffering the consequences of parental incarceration every year. Parental incarceration has been associated with long and short terms risk factors ...

Click here to read more arrow

Social Skills Improvement System Rating Scales

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

9 (3,355 )

Abstract The objective of the Test and Measurement unit is to assist students get to understand the importance and the need of tests and measurement in the field of psychology. During counselling psychology, many testes and measurements are applied in the identification as well as definition behaviours as well as the mental state of clients. Among them is the Social Skill Improvement Rating System, which is just ...

Click here to read more arrow

An evaluation of the five factor model

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

3 (1,115 )

Personality, the intricacy of the motivations behind our actions and behaviour, has always been a field of interest of psychologists in the past as well as present time. There are various ways of looking at Personality, namely the social learning approach, psychobiological approach, psychodynamic approach, humanistic approach as well as trait theories approach. Each approach invests in theories or models that seek to surface a better comprehension ...

Click here to read more arrow

Counselling and psychotherapy

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,536 )

The objective of the final assessment was to video a short counselling session, and then to write a reflective essay critiquing the session in light of the particular counselling method selected. The logistics of the interview were made difficult by a recent move to a country area, where I did not have access to recording equipment, a DVD burner, or classmates willing to volunteer to act as ...

Click here to read more arrow

Case study: The initial consultation

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

10 (3,675 )

The initial consultation begins from the very first time you have contact with a client, from either the initial contact or the first time an enquiry is made via an email. It is important to appear professional at all times. As soon as you set up your appointment with the client, send off a letter and a brochure, providing there is time to do this, it will ...

Click here to read more arrow

Social Cognitive Theory And Alcohol

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,447 )

Throughout history, alcohol have been produced and consumed by humans and it is a socially accepted factor in todays society. Consuming alcohol can be an enjoyable experience. However, excess consumption can lead to a serious range of health problems. There are several social cognition models' aimed to change disruptive health behaviour. Albert Bandura developed social cognitive theory (SCT) proposing that behaviour depend on the environment and the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Erikson's theory of lifespan development

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,459 )

Erik Erikson was born on June 15th, 1902 and died May 12th, 1994. Erikson was a developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst. He was known for his theory on social development of human beings and is famous for creating the phrase 'identity crisis'. Erikson is one of the only biggest followers and challengers of Freud. Over the years Erikson's clinical work and studies have been based either on children, ...

Click here to read more arrow

Classical Conditioning Associated With Phobias

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,276 )

Classical Conditioning in plain terms is a method by which an organism determines why and the cause of a condition, while also what brought it about, and whereas, 'operant conditioning is a method ofilearning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behaviour' (psychology.about.com). Classical Conditioning can be used to create phobias. 'A phobia can be defined as an intense and irrational fear. There are three types of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Validity, reliability and generalization

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,280 )

Nowadays, as what we known students are prefer to do their research and gain the information throughout the online sources as opposed to the past time students. By using the modern way, students probably will face several problems in term of comparison the information and linking the data together cause the student neglect the three different approaches of the literature to guide the student in form of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Approaches To Treating Mental Disorders

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

5 (1,735 )

Psychodynamic, biological and cognitive approaches are models used to explain psychological abnormality. These approaches attempt to explain the causes and cures for all psychological illnesses from different approaches. Evaluation of these approaches may be done in terms of appropriateness and effectiveness. Ethical implications are raised as the psychologist use human subjects for these therapies. Psychodynamic therapies are based on the approach of Freud (1915), mental health illness ...

Click here to read more arrow

Triguna Prakriti Concept And Applications

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

11 (4,308 )

Abstract In this scenario, the need of the hour is to develop a theory of personality that transcends this problem of cultural and racial bias to propound one that is valid across the world. For this, the basic requirement is that it should be universally acceptable, be of an elemental nature, and be valid to people across all genres. To understand this, the first source of knowledge ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Effect Of Depression Amongst Teens

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

6 (2,308 )

Depression is not prejudice it affects people of genders, ages, and any background. People once believed that teens never went through any form of severe depression. Some still believe this to be true, but if it was why are so many teens homicidal and suicidal in the society. This report should give support for the fact that a teen's depression deserves attention, not the shrug of the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Types of Qualitative Research | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

8 (2,840 )

Qualitative research is associated with the interpretive philosophy (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005). This is because researchers need to draw meaningful conclusions from the subjective and socially constructed data that has been collected about the phenomenon under study. This type of research is sometimes referred to as naturalistic since researchers usually operate in natural settings and would therefore need to establish trust, encourage participation as well as acquire ...

Click here to read more arrow

Anxiety Disorders: Theory and Research

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

6 (2,166 )

Discuss the Theory and Research into one or more Anxiety disorders This assignment will attempt to discuss theory and research into one specific Anxiety disorder. The assignment will firstly describe in detail what Anxiety is. This will then be followed by an in-depth discussion on Panic disorders which will look at theories and research surrounding this particular Anxiety disorder. There are many misconceptions around Anxiety disorders ...

Click here to read more arrow

Treatment plan for an adult client

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

4 (1,225 )

Introduction This paper presents a case of an adult suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and proposes a treatment plan for this mental disorder. Borderline personality disorder is a mental ailment that involves prolonged disturbance of an individual's personality function, and is usually found in persons over eighteen years of age, although it can also occur in adolescence. Borderline personality disorder is characterized by deep and varying ...

Click here to read more arrow

Case study: Dysfunctional families

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

6 (2,154 )

The paper aims to describe, compare and contrast research methods of varying natures i.e. quantitative, qualitative and mixed, in regard with the topic 'dysfunctional families'. The paper will give a brief introduction of the research topic itself, and will then progress to describe in detail the strengths, weaknesses and suitability of each of the research methods mentioned above. These methods, and their data collection and analysis methods ...

Click here to read more arrow

Can We Ever Leave The Past Behind?

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

10 (3,763 )

To answer the question, we need to look at the origin of human behaviour, ideas, and feelings? - are they innate or learned? (from past experiences) - nature or nurture? Nature is inherited abilities and genes present at birth, and Nurture is behaviours acquired after birth from the influence of experience. Many modern theories suggest that experience, environment and genetics all play a role in influencing our ...

Click here to read more arrow

Hans Eysenck's Biological Trait Theory

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

3 (1,181 )

Hans Eysenck is a well-known psychologist and psychotherapist, one of his main tasks he believed was the selection of clinical psychology as an independent discipline. He established his department that was the first to begin training health psychologists using the recently developed methods of behavioral psychotherapy. Basic research by Eysenck lied in the theory of personality, the study of intelligence, social attitudes, behavioral genetics and behavioral psychotherapy. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Loneliness: An Introduction

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

5 (1,635 )

Adolescent's Loneliness According to APA Dictionary of Psychology, Loneliness means cognitively or emotionally discomfort of perceiving oneself to feel alone or solitary. However, different subfields of psychology can explain it differently. Social psychology explains loneliness is a kind of emotional distress when social relationship becomes a problem while Cognitive psychology says it is an emotional distress when an individual wants and actual social relationship isn't met. Loneliness ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Theory Of Planned Behaviour

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

4 (1,371 )

Anorexia is an eating disorder where a person has fear of gaining weight and decides to go on an extreme diet by limiting their food intake. Anorexia is often linked with weight and diet. People who have anorexia are basically obsessed with being thin. They deem that they are fat eventhough they are underweight. People suffering from anorexia are always concerned about the calories they take in ...

Click here to read more arrow

Predicting Individual Differences In Mindfulness

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

8 (3,175 )

The purpose of this study was to identify possible predictors of individual differences in mindfulness as measured by Mindful Attention Awareness Scale by using three variables: trait anxiety (TA), attentional control (AC) and conscientiousness. A convenience sample of 89 psychology students (both sexes) completed self-report measures related to the study. A one-tailed cross-sectional correlational design was employed to examine the data following by a multiple linear regression ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychodynamic approach: Treatment and intervention

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

12 (4,585 )

The place of psychoanalytic and psychodynamic treatments within psychiatry is controversial (Auchincloss 2002; Gabbard, Gunderson and Fonagy 2002; Kernberg 2002; Wallerstein 2002). Based on the now aged principles of Freudian psychology, as of today there are several theoretical orientations in understanding human emotion and development (Leichsenring, Rabung and Leibing 2004). However, the intervention generally refers to a specific type of treatment in which the patient is analysed ...

Click here to read more arrow

Motivating Employees And Job Satisfaction

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

15 (5,973 )

The work in the modern economies has made an understanding of the psychology of motivation and job satisfaction as a key component of business and management syllabuses. The aim of the study is two-fold: Firstly, literature reviews for the motivation theories and Theories on job satisfaction. Secondly, the relationships between employee motivation and job satisfaction. Motivation theories clarifying the importance of addressing employees' needs at work, the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Case study dealing with depression

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

11 (4,002 )

Depression is one of the most common and widespread psychiatric disorders in the UK. Of over 5000 British residents, approximately 5.9% of males and 4.2% of females suffer from depressive illnesses (Based on DSM-IV criteria) (Ohayon, 1999). Consequently there has been much emphasis on implementing techniques and psychotherapy to solve these issues and find effective treatments for depression. This essay will explore, psychodynamic and CBT therapy, in ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Importance Of Ethical Issues In Research

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

5 (1,763 )

This essay will explain two different types of methods used in psychological research, case studies and experiments, and give two examples of each, and one demonstrating ethical concerns. The evaluation of the importance of ethical issues raised within research will be a concluding consideration. The case study is used by psychologists to gain an in depth understanding through descriptive research, of an individual, a small group, or ...

Click here to read more arrow

What Motivates Students To Cheat?

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

14 (5,553 )

This research is about what motivates students to cheat during an examination. There are many factors that may contribute in their motivation to cheat such as demands to obtain excellent grades, pressure from parents, self-imposed stress to succeed, and so on (McCabe, Trevino & Butterfield, 1999). 120 students of Sunway University were voluntarily chosen to participate in this study. Survey questionnaire that contains 11 questions was used ...

Click here to read more arrow

Eyewitness Testimony In Children

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

8 (2,839 )

Memory is not reliable; memory can be altered and adjusted. Memory is stored in the brain just like files stored in a cabinet, you store it, save it and then later on retrieve and sometimes even alter and return it. In doing so that changes the original data that was first stored. Over time memory fades and becomes distorted, trauma and other events in life can cause ...

Click here to read more arrow

Person centered theory vs cognitive behavior therapy

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

4 (1,538 )

This theory was put forward by an American psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1930s (minddisorders.com 1). Person-centered therapy is known by other terms which include client-centered, non-directive or Rogerian therapy. It is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that focuses on the client during the treatment process without the therapist taking a directive role. In other words it emphasizes on the person in need of the therapy ...

Click here to read more arrow

Characteristics Of Female Offenders

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,677 )

Criminal behaviors are typically described in relation to the male offender population. This is due to the disproportionately larger size of the male offender population compared to the size of the female offender population (Salisbury & Van Voorhis, 2009). In 2011, the imprisonment rate for males was more than 14 times the imprisonment rate associated with females (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2012). According to Salisbury and Van ...

Click here to read more arrow

Leading Theories and Practices

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,753 )

The purpose of this paper is to discuss two major career theories applied to own career development. Explain the theories and how they would have influenced career development as well as to compare and contrast the effect of these two theories on own personal career development. Career theories After reading chapter two and three, there are many reasons that can influence the selection of a specific career, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The multi store model in memory psychology

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

8 (3,001 )

One's memory is crucial in one's understanding of one's self, of the environment, one's understanding of knowledge, with past and present experiences and with one's identity; according to Blackmore; "without memory, we would be servants of the moment, with nothing but our innate reflexes to help us deal with the world." He furthered this statement, commenting that without memory there would be no language, science, art, or ...

Click here to read more arrow

The James Lange Theory Of Emotion

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

12 (4,595 )

Everyone is unique as we all behave and react differently to events just like our intelligence. Emotions can be defined as a complex state of feelings that result in the physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behaviour. There are many theories which attempt to understand why we experience emotions. We experience many emotional states that can outlook our lives or how someone might respond to ...

Click here to read more arrow

Looking At The Personality Theory

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

26 (10,047 )

A person is a flow of powerful subjective life, conscious and unconscious; a whispering gallery in which voices echo from the distant past; a gulf stream of fantasies with floating memories of past events, currents of contending complexes, plots and counterplots, hopeful intimations and ideals…A personality is a full Congress of orators and pressure groups, of children, demagogues, communists, isolationists, war-mongers, mugwumps, grafters, log rollers, lobbyists, Caesars ...

Click here to read more arrow

Postpartum Depression: Causes And Treatments

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

4 (1,436 )

Postpartum depression (also known as postnatal depression) is a form of depression that can affect women and, less frequently, men after the birth of a child. It is widely regarded as treatable. Studies show between 5% and 25% prevalence and the methodological differences of these studies makes the true prevalence rate not clear. The postpartum depression (PPD) is a form of depression that affects women after giving ...

Click here to read more arrow

Gross Motor Skills In Middle Childhood

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

4 (1,253 )

Gross motor skills are very important for young children. These motor skills give children independence, and allow children to interact comfortably with others on the playground, or classroom. They also promote feeling confident when they engage in physical activities and organized sports. Gross motor skills are those required to move the large muscles of the body, including the arms, legs, feet, and torso. When a child is ...

Click here to read more arrow

Self Presentation In Understanding The Self

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

3 (1,083 )

Much of the research on the self has focused on the importance of self-esteem. Although this property of the self is of great significance in understanding the self, it may be questioned if it is the most important. This essay will discuss the importance of self presentation as one of the many properties of self. Self-presentation is the attempt to produce particular self images in order to ...

Click here to read more arrow

Skills of counselling and consulting psychologists

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

7 (2,577 )

In recent years, many fields of endeavour are impacting training in schools, colleges, universities, other learning institutions, agencies, and seminaries, by setting rules and regulations, ethical and other standards that govern those who practice in such fields. They also record and suggest best practices, and create competency benchmarks that trained graduates and working professionals alike are expected to exhibit in the execution of their duties in the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Social Psychological Theories Of Attitude Formation

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

6 (2,147 )

Attitudes have been described as one of the most important concepts in social psychology. According to Petty and Cacioppo (1981) 'the term attitude should be used to refer to a general, enduring positive or negative feeling about some person, object, or issue'. All attitudes have a structure and according to the 'three-component attitude model' a person's attitude is a combination o three components: affective component (what a ...

Click here to read more arrow

Justification for qualitative research in organisations

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

8 (3,002 )

"Qualitative research is a field of inquiry in its own right. It crosscuts disciplines, fields and subject matters. A complex, interconnected family of terms, concepts, and assumptions surround the term qualitative research. These include the traditions associated with foundationalism, positivism, postfoundationalism, postpositivism, poststructuralism, and the many qualitative research perspectives, and/or methods connected to cultural and interpretive studies." "...qualitative researchers can access fascinating data by observing mundane settings ...

Click here to read more arrow

Research Report On The Stroop Test

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,674 )

The Stroop interference is postulated to be a processing mishap that occurs when the brain tries to process two parallel procedures simultaneously and cannot decide which one is more important (Hintzman et al., 1972). When reading through the congruent list of color-word pairings, the brain interprets the color and the word as the same and does not falter allowing the brain to vocalize the agreed response. Inversely, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Subject Of Self Perception

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

4 (1,337 )

Nowadays, our society of "what's hot and what's not" influences the young children's self-esteem and self-concept. The self-concept is connected to beliefs, knowledge, and attitudes, ideas people have about themselves; however self-esteem is "a personal judgment of worthiness that indicates the extent to which the individual believes himself to be capable, significant, successful, and worthy" (Mruk 2006). The self-concept is understood as the accumulation of knowledge, information ...

Click here to read more arrow

Looking At Behaviorism Theory

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

4 (1,576 )

Psychology is the science of mind. Its goal is to study human behavior and to understand reason behind particular behavior (Carlson and Buskit, 1997). In this essay I will discuss behaviorism theory and psychoanalytic theory. Followed by their relation to Nature and Nurture. It will also compare and contrast the theories and application of these theories to social work practice. Behaviorism Theory: Behaviorism theory sees personality as ...

Click here to read more arrow

Biological Factors Influence Human Relationships

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

10 (3,855 )

Abraham Maslow, a humanist psychologist claimed that a basic human being desires to be accepted by others as relationships are a significant source of happiness or unhappiness. People live in families and form other groups such as friendships and partnerships to define themselves in terms of being important to others as relationships tend to influence our emotional state as well as our health (#1). Different types of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories Of Lifespan And Human Growth

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

6 (2,136 )

G Stanley Halls Adolescence and his original theory will be outlined in some detail. More contemporary theories of psycho-sexual, psycho-social and behaviourist psychology will be compared to Hall's findings and comparisons and contrasts will be made. The period of "storm and stress", penned by Hall, will be defined and more recent arguments against it raised, using contemporary research statistics. Erikson's psycho-social theory on Adolescence and the idea ...

Click here to read more arrow

Concept Of Role And Role Episode Model

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

12 (4,453 )

Role stress is highly inevitable in nature and has become problem at workplace for employers and organization. The main purpose of this paper to study the concept of role, role stress, their biosocial variables as well as role episode model. . Number of studies found that there is difference in the impact of role stress across occupations..This paper also deals management of role stress with the help ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theories for gender role identification

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,634 )

This essay concerns the development of gender-role identification and what theories have been regarded as the most influential in explaining the process. One theoretical approach into gender-role identification is the social learning theory. Bandura (1973) pioneered work on gender development. The social learning theory contends that gender roles are heavily determined by environmental factors (Bandura,1986; Bandura and Bussey, 2004; Bussey and Bandura, 1999 in Brannon, L. 2008) ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Importance Of Occupation In Therapy

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,750 )

Occupations are a part of everyday life and may even form a part of a person's existence. The occupation discussed is not necessarily one's career choice but according to Kielhofner's it is "the doing of work, play or activities of daily living within a temporal, physical and socio-cultural context that characterises much of human life" (1). Kielhofner emphasises the importance of occupation, however one cannot fully understand ...

Click here to read more arrow

Big Five Personality Traits

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

6 (2,175 )

Empathy is important in day to day interaction with people and personality was believed to have strong relationship with empathy. To investigate whether there are any correlation between empathy and agreeableness as well as between empathy and neuroticism, 76 psychology students took part in a personality and empathy assessment. All the participants completed the NEO-FFM and 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task'. As hypothesized, participants who ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychological Formulation Of Case Study

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,602 )

Introduction - to the perspective you are using to construct the formulation, which should include the key ideas underpinning the approach (500 words). There is no doubt that some of original Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic principles have been enormous miscalculations. However, his conviction that the dynamic of psyche depends on understanding of the adoptive significance of its components was, without a doubt, spot on (Nesse & Lloyd, 1992). ...

Click here to read more arrow

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

11 (4,111 )

Mindfulness and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are two approaches that are becoming very popular in the counseling world. Their treatment of anxiety disorders is very effective and is proven with new MRI studies. The brain's structural changes can be documented when individuals practice meditation, which is known to cause improved emotional regulation. This is important for individuals with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) because of the results of this ...

Click here to read more arrow

Leading Questions And The Eyewitness Report

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

6 (2,073 )

Elizabeth Loftus is a prominent figure in the research into eyewitness report. Although not the first of her career, the 1975 paper entitled Leading Questions and the Eyewitness Report is the first in a long line of research based on the effect of question wording and information on eyewitness memory. Validating the study, Loftus presses for 'socially important forms of memory research', highlighting how prior experiments are ...

Click here to read more arrow

Anxiety Disorder: Agoraphobia

03 Oct 2016 11 May 2017

6 (2,286 )

Agoraphobia among the anxiety disorders and describes it as anxiety, or avoidance of places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of having a panic attack or panic-like symptoms. The greek work “agora” means, “assembly or market place” (Wittchen, H., Gloster, A. T., Beesdo-Baum, K., Fava, G. A., & Craske, M. G., 2010). ...

Click here to read more arrow

Features of the perception process

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

8 (2,872 )

Perception in simple term is how people see things. The book defines perception as a process which a person takes to mean the sensory systems and how he or she gives meanings to the environment they belong. This report analyses the features of the perception process and illustrates the ways an individual's perception affect other people, group and organization. This analyses the theories and concepts of perception ...

Click here to read more arrow

Teens And Anorexia Nervosa Theory

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

6 (2,300 )

Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder that causes a person to obsess about their weight and the food they eat (MFMER. 2008, Para. 1). Anyone can have the disease, but women are particularly susceptible. People who have this condition will view themselves as fat when they look in the mirror although they are in reality dangerously thin and far below the normal weight for their body's height ...

Click here to read more arrow

Job Satisfaction And Absenteeism Relationship

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

8 (2,963 )

In organizational research, the term absenteeism is marked by "nonattendance of employees for scheduled work when they are expected to attend" (Huczynski & Fitzpatrick, 1989, p. 250). Absenteeism varies widely within organizations and within different sectors. Work attitudes are considered important determinants of withdrawal behavior (Appelbaum et al., 2003; Harrison and Martocchio, 1998; Sturges et al., 2005). Job satisfaction is considered the main determinant of absenteeism. 1.0 ...

Click here to read more arrow

AC DC Three Phase Generators

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

17 (6,713 )

Aims and Objectives The main objective of this report is to describe the investigation into operating characteristics of AC-DC Three-Phase generators and motors. The following subjects must be covered in this report for it to successfully document the investigation, these subjects will be constructed using a series of lab experiments and learner comments:- Operating characteristics of DC and AC generators supplying resistive, capacitive and inductive loads. Relationship ...

Click here to read more arrow
Get in Touch With us

Get in touch with our dedicated team to discuss about your requirements in detail. We are here to help you our best in any way. If you are unsure about what you exactly need, please complete the short enquiry form below and we will get back to you with quote as soon as possible.