Memory Disorders and Alzheimer's

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,315 )

Memory is the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information (Schacter). You can recall memories of anything that occurred in your life from the time you were able to start remember things to present time. Problems remembering things that have happened throughout your life can be caused by a psychological disorder. Memory disorders can be progressive, like Alzheimer's or Huntington's disease, or immediate, ...

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Improving Performance and Well-being in the Workplace

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,563 )

Psychological research to improve performance and well-being in the workplace   The field of Psychology has continuously had an invested attention towards the advancement of wellbeing within the workplace. Occupational Psychology is predominately concerned with the performance of people at work, and with the evolving understanding of how organisations work and how individuals and groups behave in these settings. Psychological wellbeing is further distinctly acknowledged ...

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Social Implications of Medical Issues

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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My final wishes are my wishes. Please just follow them through! It shouldn't be up for debate. I understand you guys have your opinions but, this is my body and my final trip that I plan to take the way I want to take it. No hospitals, no needles, no noises just peace. Just me my family and my Lord. Good morning family, my name ...

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Human Thinking and Problem Solving

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The research on human problem solving has presented a number of strategies we can use in order to reach a solution. Present a detailed examination of these strategies alongside a critical exploration of the key barriers that may stand in the way of the individual solving a problem. Human thinking and problem solving have been a subject of research in psychology since the old ages ...

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Impact of and Treatments for Phobias

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,507 )

It is December 2nd 2005, Sophie Waller was just pronounced dead in her bed at the age of 8. Pathologist Marianne Brundle found she died of acute kidney failure because of starvation and dehydration (Salkeld, 2009). It all started when she had a dentist appointment at the age of 4 and the dentist accidentally sliced her tongue. The fear of another painful mouth experience haunted ...

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Impact of Suicide and Treatment

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Suicide can be such a very touching subject. As a lot of suicide occurs around the world, it's become a huge matter, and of course an impact to a whole lot of communities to prevent suicide. Even so, hotlines were made to save those who are in the position for self-harm, or even to speak about it. As the time continues, and more stories, and ...

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Anti-Anxiety Medication and the Brain

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,142 )

When one is bed-ridden with the flu, it only makes sense for that person to see a doctor to seek treatment. Such treatment could be in the form of medications. Much like a physical illness, the anxiety-ridden may even seek medicinal therapy. However, the underlying difference among the medications is their function and how they function. While one may answer those problems for the wide ...

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Age of Acquisition Effects in Translation Judgment -Analysis

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Ellis, A.W., & Izura, C. (2004). Age of acquisition effects in translation judgment tasks. Journal of Memory and Language, 50, 165-181 Introduction It is quite an amazing phenomenon the way that bilinguals posses the ability to translate semantic meanings back and fort between two different languages with seemingly no effort at all. In studies conducted by de Groot, it was found that translation is faster ...

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Bilingual Language Acquisition by Korean Schoolchildren

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,014 )

Bilingual language acquisition by Korean schoolchildren in New York City Sarah J. Shin & Lesley Milroy Presented by: Cyndy Gomez Introduction The present study addresses to main topic of bilingual language acquisition in Korean-American children. Specifically researchers were interested in acquisition of grammatical morphemes and plural marking systems. The researchers addressed two main questions: (1) "do L1 and L2 learners acquire the grammatical features of ...

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Sexual Addiction and Paraphilias

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

9 (3,327 )

Sexual Addiction and Paraphilias Abstract Sexual addictions are regarded by sex-addiction professionals as a real disorders with real problems for the addict if left untreated. Most sexual addictions are non-paraphillic in nature but some sex addicts engage in paraphilic behavior. A paraphilia is a sexual act which becomes intensified when the addict engages in sexual activities with objects, situations, or even people that are considered ...

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Word Anticipation in L2 Sentence Reading

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (846 )

Can Bilinguals See it Coming? Introduction This study investigates the differences in 1st language (L1) and 2nd language (L2) sentence comprehension. More specifically do the struggles in understanding L2 sentences stem from incorrect word anticipation? The current study is based on the foundation of DeLong et al. (2005) that the comprehender has the ability to understand and interpret language before it is actually presented using ...

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Journal Analysis of Affective Disorder

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

5 (1,914 )

Part I The Anxiety and Depression Association of America conducted a study (n.d.), claiming that seven out of ten United States adults tend to experience stress or anxiety on a moderate level daily. Even though stress is unavoidable in life, it is showing more (Blanco et al., 2008) and has become more frequent and common throughout university students (Gallagher, 2008; Mackenzie et al., 2011). ...

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Suicidal Tendency Among Adolescents with Adjustment Disorder

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,054 )

The concept of adolescence committing suicide perplexes our society; parents do not understand the reason why a child filled with curiosity, and potential turn to such a final act as a solution. Terrifyingly, maybe it was an impulsive act because they do not have the emotional growth to find an productive and effective ways to handle their problems or lessen their sorrow, so suicide appears ...

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Automatic Perceptual Simulation of First Language Meanings

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,196 )

Automatic perceptual simulation of first language meanings during second language sentence processing in bilinguals Nikola Vukovic, John N.WilliamsPresented by: Sarah Alas-Viana Introduction: This study's goal is determining whether the mental simulations of the brain are conscious or unconscious/automatic processes. In previous studies it was confirmed that the brain does perform mental simulations like perceptual and visual information (Glenberg & Kaschak, 2002; Horton & Rapp, 2003; ...

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Qualitative Analysis of Nigel Farage's Post-Brexit Speech

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Abstract This qualitative report uses a thematic analysis to indicate the main themes and subthemes that occur in the recent speech delivered by the United Kingdom's Independence Party (UKIP) leader, Nigel Farage, after the results of the European Union (EU) referendum came to light. A total of 14 specific codes were identified in the beginning, and were then later reorganised and grouped together into two ...

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The Effects of Research on a Psych 1 Student

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The first paper I read, titled "The impact of ingroup favoritism on self-esteem: A normative perspective" regards the need for positive self-esteem that people have, and the effect that ingroup favoritism has on one's self esteem. This research was conducted by Vincenzo Iacoviello, Jacques Berent, Natasha Stine Frederic, and Andrea Pereira. The researchers argue that "ingroup favoritism increases self-esteem to the extent that such behavior ...

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The Uncanny within Family and Marriages

01 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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1. Introduction (2,000) 1.1 General Introduction The dissertation that follows will centre upon a critical study of the psychoanalytical concept of 'the uncanny', as articulated by Sigmund Freud. At its very definitional essence-though, in some cases, resisting constraint by definition itself, on the grounds of its self-referential, semantic amorphousness-the uncanny refers to a distintive and unsettling stangeness that arises in the context of familiarity. In ...

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Bowlby and Ainsworth's Views on Attachment Theory

23 Mar 2015 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,467 )

Keywords: attachment theory, theory of attachment, bowlby attachment Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing four characteristics of attachment observed in developing children between the ages of six months and two years old. Bowlby believed that the bonds formed as a result of these observed characteristics continued throughout life, becoming a blueprint used in the development of ...

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Developing a Healthy Relationship after Abusive Relationship

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The available evidence in this review suggested that in (2003), it was projected 1.3 million females in the U. S. were targets of offensive relations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003; National Institute of Justice, 2005; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). Sources indicate that psychological health specialists play a serious part in the curative procedure after being in domestic violence relationships (Bryant, 2013). Based on ...

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Experiments on Trusting Senses

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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'The illusion of sight and sound' This report examines what aspects of psychology can provide interactive and informative ways to provide an opportunity for the public to evaluate whether they can trust their senses. Focusing on vision and the illusion created by the human mind, also auditory perception, and the co-dependence on other senses, for example sight. 1: Introduction The minute decisions we make ...

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British Muslims: Mental Health Stigma and Counselling

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Explore mental health stigma and perception of counselling amongst British Muslims. Introduction: Mental health stigma is an ongoing issue that needs to be addressed especially amongst minority groups. Statistics show that' one in four people will experience a mental health problem in the course of a year (mental health foundation 2015). The government has initiated to tackle mental health stigma that prevents people from accessing ...

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A Batak Experiment to evaluate Goal Setting Theory

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The purpose of this research was to demonstrate if there were any significant differences in performance between a goal setting group who were given a target and a control group that were told to do their best, the general hypothesis states that a goal driven group should perform much better that the group who were told to do their best. The participants were first-year psychology ...

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Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Retrospective

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,315 )

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT), formerly known as shock therapy, is 'a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders', Rudorfer, Henry, and Sackeim (2003). It is a treatment that has attracted sharply conflicting views since its conception and popularisation in the 1930s and 1940s by Italian neurologist Cerletti, and remains a polarising treatment to this day. Among ECT's ...

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Theories of Discrimination and Workplace Bullying

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,299 )

There are several theories concerning colorism or discrimination based on skin color (Hannon & DeFina, 2014) in the workplace that has been coupled with social and structural theories of the African American experience and or new theories of race and discrimination within the United States. At present, there is the limited body of work that provides statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific ...

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An Overview of Tourette's Syndrome

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Tourette's syndrome When you think of Tourette's what comes to mind?  Tourette's is a common disorder which may start in early childhood. This condition is characterized by physical and verbal tics (Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet). Tourette's syndrome, also known as TS, first presented itself when a man named Georges Gilles De La Tourette wrote a paper on nine people who exhibited in voluntary motor and ...

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LOP Effect on Memory Types

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Memory and its complexity involve systematic processes intent on successfully accessing and retrieving information (Atkinson, & Shiffrin, 2016). The depth in which people process external information contributes to memory formation (Craik & Lockhart, 1972). Moreover, the capacity for people to remember acquired knowledge depends on attention level, encoding level, and rehearsal level in which the information was processed (Craik & Tulving, 1975). types of memory ...

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Impact of Stress on Rats' Spatial Learning and Memory

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Abstract Stress has been shown through varying literature to disrupt learning and memory. Exposure to stress has been identified as anything that threatens to disrupt or disturb homeostasis. When an individual is exposed to prolonged stress it can affect them cognitively, impairing their spatial learning and memory that this review looks at. Specifically, this review investigates the spatial memory of rats when exposed to chronic ...

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Emotion Recognition of Facial Expressions and Hand Gestures

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Method Participants      The five participants were chosen from friends of the interviewer. All five were female, aged between 28 and 53, with a mean age of 41 years. Two participants identified as being Maori, two as being NZ European and one identified as being European (English). Four out of five of the participants had children. Three participants had achieved academically to an ...

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Language Control in Bilinguals

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Language control in bilinguals: Intention to speak vs. execution of speech. Introduction At least 50% of the world's population is bilingual (Baker, 2011), and having proper language control to easily switch between two languages is imperative. It is understood that bilinguals have two different stores of knowledge for words, one in each language, otherwise known as a mental lexicon. Lexical concepts are necessary to express ...

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Impact of Lack of Family Cohesion on Child Adjustment

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Does a lack of family cohesion effect child adjustment depending on the level of threat the child faces in their local area? Abstract The effect of a lack of family cohesion on child adjustment was examined depending on the level of threat the child faces in their local area in Northern Ireland. This is in terms of the impact that political violence and political conflict ...

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Social Support for Subjective well-being of Prisoners

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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THE DIFFERENT ROLES OF SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR SUBJECTIVE WELL BEING PRISONERS MEN AND WOMEN IN THE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS CLAS II.A YOGYAKARTA Abstract In order to find a pattern form of guidance for prisoners, men and women, as mandated by Republic Act 1995, Article 14, paragraph 1 12 on the rights of prisoners, and also in accordance with the principles of the UN General Assembly Resolution ...

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Are Humans Responsible for their Own Actions?

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The notion of human behaviour is a complex one, there are many factors that intertwine with human behaviour such as the conscious and the subconscious, the voluntary and the involuntary of our actions. The pre-determination of human behaviour is a concept that has been constantly debated. The idea that behaviour is determined in advance suggests that from birth our all our behaviours are set in ...

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Theories of Dreams in Psychology

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Dreaming, whether it be day-dreaming, pleasantly dreaming of something you love during the night, or nightmares, has raised questions amongst us humans for years; why do we have them? What could they mean, and do they relate to our psychological state? Scientists first began studying dreams in ancient time periods, and questions on the matter still exist today without precise, proven answers. Memory consolidation, emotional ...

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Parental Discipline and its Effects on Children

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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A lot of children suffer from internalizing disorders which starts in childhood, which affect children later in life sometimes catastrophically and increase the risk of psychiatric morbidity (Laskey, B. J. & Cartwright, Hatton, S. 2009).There are multiple studies been published that show a correlation between the style of parenting and the process of children's internalizing (Laskey, B. J. & Cartwright, Hatton, S. 2009). The style ...

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Theories of Racism - Irish Travellers

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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It is the intention of this paper to give a detailed account of the theories which help explain the attitudes of the settled community and the state towards travellers in Irish society today. Furthermore, it will explore relevant research to help explain theories on racism which will provide a greater understanding of why the attitudes of the general Irish settled community to travellers in Ireland ...

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Interpersonal Relationship Research "Dependence Regulation"

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Abstract In this paper we are going to dig into Interpersonal Relationship with us focusing on Dependence Regulation. The introduction section provides a brief overview and detail explanation about Dependence Regulation in terms of psychology and sociology. Secondly, the paper will provide a look into the background and history. Third, we will see case studies along with how it impacts cultures. Next, looking at the ...

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Impact of Poverty on Personality Development

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Does Poverty affect personality development from early childhood into adolescence? Eric Fromm said that ''Man's main task in life is to give birth to himself, to become what he potentially is. The most important product of his effort is his own personality'' (Fromm, 1947, p.237).Fromm believes that an individual's purpose in life to is to come fully into themselves so that they may be able ...

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Personality Traits Determining Bullying Behaviour

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Methodology Aim: To study the personality traits of bullying behaviour among adolescents. Objectives To assess the effect of personality traits (psychotic, extroversion) for bullying behavior. To study the correlation (psychotic, extroversion) between personality traits and bullying behavior. Hypothesis There will be a significant effect of personality traits (psychotic and extrovert) on bullying behavior among children. There will be a significant ...

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Theories of Perception

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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What is Perception? Perception, according to Yolanda Williams, a psychology professor; can be defined as our way to recognize and interpret information we've gathered through our senses. This also includes how we respond to a certain situation with the given information (Williams). Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes (Milnes). Perception relates to psychology because as discussed in the notes, psychology is the ...

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Ethical Code of Conduct in Psychological Research

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The Purpose of this assignment is to study various experiments and to see if and how they had broken the code of conduct in ethics. The main body of the code of conduct in ethics is as follows: Informed Consent, Confidentiality, Release of information to clients, these rules are to be used as guideline for Psychologists and Researchers to make sure that they treat the participants ...

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Theories of Intelligence

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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People are different. Some think faster than others, some learn faster than others. Some are naturally good at art, others are naturally good at math. Some people have a hard time in social situations, and some breeze through them. What causes people to be so different? Intelligence. Intelligence determines a person's potential and how well they are able to learn. However, intelligence is not definitive ...

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Subliminal Messages in Advertising

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Subliminal Messages Subliminal messaging can be defined as an idea or message that is designed to be undetectable to the conscious mind and pass into a deeper level, or subconscious mind. Many subliminal messages are images that are transmitted briefly and therefore not be seen consciously, yet still find their way into the subconscious mind. These messages can be communicated through advertisements on televisions, in ...

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Language Processing of Bilinguals

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (906 )

Effects of speed of word processing on semantic access: The case of bilingualism. Clara D. Martin, Albert Costa, Benjamin Dering, Noriko Hoshino, Yan Jing WuPresented by: Josh Elliott Introduction: The study investigated the phenomena in which bilinguals have consistently displayed slower language processing than monolinguals in both their second and first language. Past studies display these deficits in a large array of tasks, including ...

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Strategies for Phobia Treatment

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,127 )

"Being frightened is an experience you can't buy." Said by Anthony Price, quoting a good example for phobias. Phobias can be defined as the fear of something or something that give high levels of anxiety to someone. There are countless ways to gain a phobia, such as getting bit by a dog or near drowning. In this essay, I will discuss a few different ways ...

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Fostering Motivation by the Help of Neuroplasticity

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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There are two types of mindset: fixed versus growth mindset. In fixed mindset, students (people) believe that their abilities is innate and they cannot change it, therefore a failure makes them start doubting in themselves and believing they are not smart/good enough to achieve their goals. On the other hand, those who have a growth mindset believe that they can improve their abilities by learning ...

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Theories of Pattern Recognition

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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"Humans are pattern-seeking animals and we are adept at finding patterns whether they exist or not" (adapted from Michael Shermer). Discuss knowledge questions raised by this idea in two areas of knowledge. It can be asserted that humans are highly proficient at finding patterns and building knowledge upon them. Both shared and personal knowledge is typically divided into three categories: practical knowledge, knowledge by acquaintance ...

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Hypnosis as a Form of Healthcare Treatment

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,386 )

A brief history of hypnosis and its impact on modern-day practice This essay will look briefly at the history of hypnosis and determine whether it is an effective treatment in modern day healthcare. Hypnosis has been around in one form or another for centuries, dating back to early civilisation. Ancient Egyptians (c.380 BC) had sleep temples where patients were placed in a trance-like state and ...

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Cultural Perspectives of Health

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Task 1: Evaluate five resources Evaluation of a Book Love, C., & Waitoki, W. (2007). Multicultural competence in bicultural Aotearoa. In I. M. Evans, J. J. Rucklidge, & M. O'Driscoll (Eds.), Professional practice of psychology in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 265-280). Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Psychological Society. Authority Both authors are highly regarded within their fields and specialise with Māori culture within the ...

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Strategies to Combat Workplace Bullying

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

6 (2,061 )

Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Hogh, A., & Louise, B. P. (2011). Prevention of bullying and conflicts at work. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 4(1), 84-100. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17538351111118617. The objective of the investigation is to evaluate bullying and conflicts at work since it continues to be a significant work environment stressors. Two best practice intervention measures and process factors were identified to discuss the implementation and perceived ...

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Destination Image and Subjective Well-Being Students

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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DESTINATION IMAGE AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING STUDENTS FROM OUTSIDE YOGYAKARTA Yogyakarta is known as the city of education in addition to a tourism city. Therefore Subjective Well-Being (SWB) of the students are from outside Yogyakarta is very important to note the increase in the number of tourists visiting Yogyakarta. The purpose of this study is to answer the question of whether there is a relationship between Destination ...

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Theories of Depression

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process (Rathus 4). By looking at mood disorders in psychology we can see that major depression has affected more than 15 million American adults, about 6.7% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in the year 2016 (Anxiety and Depression Associatin of America). There are generally two types of mood disorders; depression and bipolar disorder. ...

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Effects of Hugs on Emotions

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (962 )

Topic: Behavior is an observable action of human beings and nonhuman animals 'Hug' as an interactive behavior A hug is perceived as a form of physical intimacy. Many people believe that hugging is a ways of exchanging passionate feelings between each two people. People hug at night and at times in broad daylight. Hugging in the 21st century is viewed as a gesture of goodness ...

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Stimulants to Help Depressive Patients

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Different methods have been developed to train and improve executive function. The implications of those developments could revolutionize treatments for depressive patients in which there are executive function deficits. This paper proposes a study for patients diagnosed as having recurrent major depressive disorder to undergo counseling sessions coinciding with a stimulant or a placebo treatment group. The aim is to identify a causal linkage supporting ...

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Effect of Sleep on Academic Performance

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

20 (7,960 )

Abstract Several studies have reported that a lack of sleep will negatively affect GPA.[FW1] Many others indicated that lack of sleep would also impair cognitive functions in all aspects[FW2]. This study is designed to determine if a sleep will have an impact on academic performance as well as look for a difference between male and female performance. To test this, 100 undergraduate students ages 18-24 ...

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Stigma of Self-Harm in Healthcare Services

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

6 (2,265 )

Self-harm - a deliberate attempt to self-poison or self-injure regardless of the incentive or suicidal intent - is a growing problem in the United Kingdom with a heavy burden on health-care systems. Despite this escalating crisis, attitudes from health professionals who treat self-harmers remain negative and the quality of care is deteriorating. The myths of why people self-harm play a substantial role in health professionals' ...

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Affective Personality and Primary Emotion Systems

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

7 (2,735 )

Affect is the subjective experiential-feeling component that accompanies bodily stimulation found in physiological aspects such as: the homeostatic drive of hunger and thirst, the external stimulation of taste and touch and the emotional stimulation of environmental events. All are compound central functions of the brain, which are triggered by perceptions, becoming experientially refined. Such affective experiences are typically conceptualized in terms of: valence, such as ...

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Effect of Social Support on Heart Rate during Stressful Task

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Abstract Stress is always unpleasant, along with the reaction a has when faced with a threat that we feel we do not have the means to deal with. Stress can make breathing quicken, the heart pound and muscles to tense. This is well-known through past research that lack of social support contributes to a higher level of mortality and morbidity. In the past, researchers have ...

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Methodology: Impact of Stigma on Offender Employment

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Design An experimental design will be used in this research. This study will use a mixed design, with disclosed criminal convictions (group 1, 2, or 3) as the between subject's variable, and judgments of job applicant as the within subject's variable. The independent variable in this research will be the disclosure of criminal convictions. The dependant variables will be the attitude towards the job applicant, ...

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Socioeconomic Status of the LGBT Community in USA

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,005 )

The socioeconomic status of the LGBT community has been the subject of some research. The LGBT minority has been impacted by a high level of discrimination in the social, economic and employment level. According to (Emlet, 2016), there is a high rate of socioeconomic disparity between members of the LGBT community, contrasting with their heterosexual peers. There is evidence that LGBT older adults are economically ...

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Rise of Anxiety Disorders in Students

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,644 )

The aim of this essay is to discuss the growing issue that is the rise of anxiety disorders in students, following a three stage structure to discuss different areas of the topic. Firstly, I will start off with a description of what anxiety and anxiety disorders are and why it appears to be a growing problem amongst students. I will then move on to discussing ...

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Critical Review of "Chickens prefer beautiful humans"

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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A Critical Review of "Chickens prefer beautiful humans" by Ghirlanda,Jansson, & Enquist (2002) Introduction and summary of the reviewed paper Ghirlanda, Jansson, & Enquist (2002) conducted an experiment on chicken's preferences for human faces and compared such preferences to humans' facial preferences in attempt to explain the origin of humans' sexual preferences for faces. In this study, six chickens (two males and four females) were ...

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Humanistic Theory Summary and Analysis

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,014 )

Humanistic Theory Humanist, humanistic theory, and humanism are psychological approaches that aim to study the structure of the whole person pinpointing the various uniquenesses found in each person. The psychological approach aims to investigate and comprehend why human beings pose certain behavioral attributes in various circumstances. The theory offers an explanation of the behavioral counts of the human beings based on the unique attributes that ...

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Effects of GABA on Anxiety Disorder

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

11 (4,023 )

Keywords: Anxiety, Moringa pudding, HIV/AIDS, GABA.  Indonesia's first case of HIV was reported in 1987 and between then and 2009, 3,492 people died from the disease (Fred, 2012). Of the 11,856 cases reported in 2008, 6,962 of them were people under 30 years of age, including 55 infants under 1 year old (Seligson and Peterson, 2010). There are a high ...

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Reflective Essay on Coping with Stress

31 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Psychology can be defined as the study of behavior as well as mind, embracing all aspects of the entire human experience. In other words, it is an applied science discipline that seeks to understand humans along with groups by ascertaining general principles as well as researching specific cases. On the other hand, psychological adjustment is the process of adapting to, coping with, as well as ...

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Anti- Social Personality Disorder and Sociopathy

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,294 )

Anti- Social Personality Disorder Intro to Psychology- Eibes Fall Term Paper Sociopath (n): "A person with a personality disorder manifesting itself in extreme antisocial attitudes and behavior and a lack of conscience." (Dictionary.com 2017). Infamous sociopaths include Ted Bundy, Herold the Great and Robert John Maudsley. 4% of the United States population suffer from a sociopathic condition according to Dr. Martha Stout. Those numbers roughly ...

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Gender Differences in Motives of Prosocial-Sharing

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Gender Differences in Motives of Prosocial-Sharing Behavior in Preschoolers' Peer Interactions Abstract The goal of this study was to observe and report any gender differences in motives of prosocial-sharing behavior. Past research has reported gender differences in sharing behavior (Burford et. al., 1996) and in prosocial altruistic behavior (Persson, 2005). In general boys engaged in more egocentric acting than girls, it was also found that ...

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Structuralism in Psychology

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,042 )

Structuralism in psychology is considered as a theory of consciousness which was suggested by Wilhelm Wundt and developed by his student Edward Titchener. The theory came to be in the 20th century: where its reliability was debated and challenged by the growing scientific community at that time. Structuralism is also considered as a school of psychology which seeks to analyze the components of an adult ...

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Attentional Control and Working Memory

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Attentional control and working memory over top-down, bottom-up factors Complicated activities rely on attention to selectively focus on task-relevant stimuli while overlooking salient distractive stimuli. For instance, drivers need to able to attend to oncoming traffic while simultaneously ignoring distracting stimuli such as eating, looking after children, or hearing the bell of a cellphone receive a message. Most models pertaining to the selectivity of attention ...

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Impact of Kenneth B. Clark

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

12 (4,644 )

In 1954, seventeen states and Washington D.C. still had schools that were racially segregated; another four states allowed segregation on the grounds that it was up to the local school districts to decide (Benjamin Jr. & Crouse, 2004). The last major attempt to desegregate schools took place in 1896; however, this attempt was unsuccessful (Bergner, 2009). This decision did not stop people from fighting for ...

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Tactile Perception: Fine and Coarse Textures in Active Touch

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

18 (6,936 )

Abstract The role of tactile texture information, especially roughness, and the role of movement in perceiving this roughness information are known to play a key role in recognizing objects as well as manipulating objects properly which leads to everyday task (e.g. picking up a cup). The idea of duplex theory refers that spatial cues (coarse) and the rate of vibration (fine) determines the perception of ...

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Role of Age on Second Language Acquisition

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,677 )

The role of age of acquisition on past tense generation in Spanish-English bilinguals: an fMRI study  INTRODUCTION This article explores how age of acquisition for a second language affects what areas of the brain are primarily utilized when Spanish-English bilinguals generate past tense verbs. The researchers hypothesized, according to the sensorimotor/emergentist model, that speakers with an earlier age of acquisition for their second language would rely ...

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Amount of Instruction and Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

10 (3,918 )

Abstract Tip-of-the-tongue or TOT occurs naturally as an unsuccessful attempt to recall a specific memory and is described as a temporary memory block (Brown & McNeill, 1966). For this study, it was believed that participants exposed to popular television sitcom photographs after being given detailed instructions would be better equipped to combat TOT states compared to the participants given minimal instruction. This study aimed to ...

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Nature vs Nurture: Behaviourism and Biological Theories

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,757 )

3.1 Nature vs Nurture debate from a Behaviourism and Biological perspective Which is more significant in human development: Nature or Nurture? This is still an ongoing debate in the field of developmental psychology. Let us define the meaning of nature and nurture in the perspective of the Nativist (Nature) and the Empiricists (Nurture). According to the Nativist, Nature is the influence of our hereditary factors.  ...

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Adolescent Mental and Behavioral Health

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,732 )

For the Psychology Research Paper requirement, I chose articles from three different research Journals; Child Development, Personality and Social Psychology, and Developmental Psychology. I chose these articles because I assimilate either with the topic or sample of the people in study. Child Development edited by: Cynthia Garcia Coll, includes the article Locating Economic Risks for Adolescent Mental and Behavioral Health: Poverty and Affluence in Families, ...

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Birth Order Impact

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,470 )

Have you ever questioned as to why you and your siblings are so different even though you all grew up together? Perhaps even once in your life time, the thought of them being adoptive has even crossed your mind. Are you guilty yet? You may not be the only one with such speculations. According to the Psychiatrist Alfred Adler, a person who brought forward the ...

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Ethical Guidelines: Lessons Learned from Little Albert

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,202 )

Psychologists today must follow strict guidelines when it comes to conducting psychological experiments. Many experiments in the past haven't always followed these guidelines and have raised some ethical issues. The guidelines were put in place to protect participants and their rights. It has to be stated that not all participants, for example children, the disabled, elderly or hearing impaired are capable of making informed decisions ...

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Social Determination Theory Introduction

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

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Self-Determination in Theory Self-Determination Theory (SDT) was originated by Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan, psychologists at the University of Rochester. This theory puts forth the belief that there are three universal psychological needs that must be met for self-esteem and positive emotional health, which are determined to be: autonomy, relatedness, and competence. Autonomy is a sense of individuality, self-esteem, and sense of personal ...

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Influence of Personality on Well-Being

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

9 (3,284 )

Using psychological research, critically assess the influence of personality factors on well-being though the lifespan Personality factors have consistently been investigated to determine what relationship they have within the field of wellbeing. Also, researchers have tried to conclude to what extent personality can influence wellbeing, and they have attempted to examine what personality traits are most influential within different age categories. Within wellbeing research, and ...

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'Face Files' Literature Review of Facial Features Psychology

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,259 )

In Daniel Fitousi's article: "Binding Sex, Age, and Race in Unfamiliar Faces: The Formation of 'Face Files'" in the "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology," he explores the processes of the human mind in creating "face files." That is, he explores the relationship between the viewing of a person's spatial features, and the immediate impression it makes on the viewer. The author starts off by stating that many social categories ...

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System-Justifying Ideologies

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (813 )

Abstract This paper is a synopsis on literature regarding system-justifying beliefs. In order to justify and rationalize the way things are, so that existing social, economic, and political arrangements tend to be perceived as fair and legitimate, many individuals adopt system justification. Different ideologies, such as protestant work ethnic and meritocratic ideology, contribute to the legitimization of existing social arrangements. Although many policies go against ...

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Impact of Parental Overaspiration

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,742 )

Don't Aim Too High for Your Kids: Parental Overaspiration Undermines Students' Learning in Mathematics This article set out to answer the following question: How does parental overaspiration effect the academic performance/achievement of students over time? The study sets out to further allay the problems of previous studies claiming that parental aspiration increases the academic performance of students. These issues include asking if high performing children ...

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Domestic Violence Literature Review

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,278 )

Article 1: A Cycle of Violence? Examining Family-of-Origin Violence, Attitudes, and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration This study was conducted to supplement empirical evidence on intergenerational effects of intimate partner violence (IPV), due to a lack of research in understanding how attitudes can play a part in violence being transmitted through generations. It was hypothesised that childhood exposure to violence is generalised to other forms of ...

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Working with Personality Disorders

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

7 (2,790 )

Literature review on the qualities needed to work effectively with a personality disordered population Purpose of the literature review I have been commissioned to complete a piece of consultancy work related to the recruitment of new discipline staff to the X unit Personality Disorder Treatment Service. Specifically, I have been asked to evaluate the existing interview and selection process and suggest ways in which this ...

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Social Impacts on Depression and Bi-Polar Disorder

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,111 )

The concept of abnormal behavior is hard to define, yet very often one's inability to possess qualities to function normally in society, is labelled as a mental disorder (Afifi, 2007). The paper examines the case of Disco Di, also known as Diana Miller, a 25-year old Toronto female, who was diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Although Diana's behavioral problems ...

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Counsellor Regulation of Self-Disclosure

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

5 (1,788 )

It is stated by Freud as early as 1912 that "The physician should be impenetrable to the patient, and like a mirror, reflect nothing but what is shown to him" (Petersen, 2002, p. 21); In many cases this is true and necessary, though in reflection the amount of self-disclosure provided should be entirely up to the counsellor; as argued in the sixties there is value ...

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Impact of Prison Nursery Programmes

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

2 (655 )

This article is about whether the infants need prison nursery with imprisoned mother. Its aim is to tell us the infant needs secure attachment with mother. The participants are divided into two groups: mother and infant in one-year prison and mother and infant in 6 months' prison. Both group are tested and measured for the attachment and strange situation. The article shows that the infants ...

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Bilingual Ease of Second Language Process

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

2 (686 )

Jonczyk, R., Boutonnet, B., Musial, K., Hoemann, K., Theirry, G. (2016). The bilingual brain turns a blind eye to negative statements in the second language. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 16: 3, 527-540 Introduction: This study was designed to examine how bilinguals, when reading their second language process the content of the material and the ease or difficulty they have doing so. There has been minimal prior ...

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Research Process and Characteristics

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

8 (3,166 )

Task 1: Research Article    Research is the process of arriving at a solution to a problem through the planned and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data (Crano, Brewer, & Lac, 2014). Research based on the scientific method is when; a problem is identified, relevant data is collected, a hypothesis is formed from the data, and the hypothesis is tested (Coolican, 2014, p. 10; ...

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How is Birth Order associated with Relating to Parents?

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,340 )

A Regression Study. Abstract Birth order always had a stigma around it, in terms of affecting how people relate to their parents. This study consisted of 432 people aged 18 and above who were asked to solve a questionnaire which explored how the following; age, gender, student status (student/ not student) employment status (working/ not working), number of sibling and birth order, might affect the ...

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Research on Stress

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,278 )

Analyzing Stress Hans Selye was the first psychologist to study stress (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). He spent a very long time studying how animals react to certain things, and then went to humans shortly after that (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). Selye found out that the human body shares a specific pattern of physiological responses to illness or injuries (Mills, Reiss and Dombeck). Also, Hans suggested ...

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Ethical Research: Little Albert and Well of Despair

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,081 )

Ethics is needed for psychology experiments to make sure that it will not bring any harm to the participants. Ethics has six main rules to unsure that the experiment stays in the ethical guide lines. The rules of Ethics are; Informed consent (Making sure that all the participants are able to give consent themselves or an appropriate person can give consent, the Experimenter must also ...

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Traditional and Modern Mindfulness

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

18 (7,158 )

Why do we need to embed ourselves in practice? A review of the literature considering the need to experience mindfulness practice and have a regular practice to teach MBCT/MBSR Introduction: Mindfulness Definitions: What is mindfulness? This has become in recent years an ever more diverse and contentious question[DD2] (Shapiro 2009, Monteiro et al 2015). With The huge expansion of interest in mindfulness and mindfulness based ...

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Phonological Processing of Second Language Phonemes

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,063 )

"Phonological processing of second language phonemes: A selective deficit in a bilingual aphasic." Eviatar, Z., Leikin, M., & Ibrahim, R. Presented by: Alejandro Lopez-Ambriz The research detailed a case study on a bilingual Russian-Hebrew speaker, R.K, recovering from bilingual aphasia. The patient did not have problems with semantic processing after suffering a stroke, but did have issues processing words in Hebrew unless they were spoken ...

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Audiovisual Cues in Bilingual Language Acquisition

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,369 )

Article title: Bilingualism modulates infants' selective attention to the mouth of a talking face Authors: Pons, F., Bosch, L., & Lewkowicz, D.J. INTRODUCTION (379 words) This paper explores audiovisual cues' important role in bilingual language acquisition and processing. They conducted two experiments to (1) extend the findings of the Lewkowicz & Hansen-Tift study (2012) studies to pertain to monolingual infants of non-English native languages (Spanish/Catalan), ...

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Exercise as a Treatment Option for Anxiety and Depression

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

6 (2,081 )

"Mental health disorders are major contributors to sick leave and disability pensions". (Martinsen, 2008, p. 25) "Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental health disorders". (Martinsen, 2008, p. 25) As a result of this great cost to the public, researchers have set out to find alternate ways to effectively treat anxiety. The effect of exercise on persons suffering from anxiety is continuously debated. ...

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Cross-linguisitic Experience on English Idiom Comprehension

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

3 (1,187 )

"The Role of Cross-linguisitic Experience on English Idiom and Proverb Comprehension: A Case of Iranian Turkish Learners of English as a Foreign and Third Language," by Behnaz Moein, Robab Khosravi, and Hooshang Yazdani Introduction Bilingualism is extremely important in today's day and age with approximately two-thirds of the world's population growing up in primarily bilingual environments. In the study done by Moein et al. (2009) ...

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Analysis of Group Dynamics

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

7 (2,657 )

This research assignment analyzes two important areas of group dynamics: Group formation and structure and leadership. The purpose of this assignment is for students to work in small in-class groups, experience the two important areas of group dynamics and to reflect on them. The objective of this paper is to compare and contrast the experiences the group had, with the research and theory that is ...

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Oxytocin Effects and Uses

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,355 )

Oxytocin and Its Effects and Uses for the Human Body  Abstract This paper discusses oxytocin and how it is distributed throughout the body and the ways its functions. It covers how oxytocin is a crucial hormone in the bearing of children and breastfeeding of the child. Also it delves into the many other things like how oxytocin is known to effects how we trust and ...

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Impact of Negative Priming on Reaction Time

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,525 )

Inhibitory processes in selective attention: how negative priming affects reaction timeAbstract To date, many research delineated potential evidence that prove the presence of an interference in the response time to a stimulus that was before inhibited in order to focus on precise information. In the experiment a within-subjects design was used. The performance of these participants was evaluated in a computerised task based on Stroop ...

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Theory of Blind and Proper Obediance

27 Jul 2017 11 Sep 2017

4 (1,466 )

An Examination of the Line Which Can Be Drawn Between Blind, Dangerous Obedience and Proper, Acceptable Obedience. In the course of the history have been different ways which people are acting in the same behavior without breaking society's dynamics. Leveillee explains that "Obedience is a part of the foundation of society" (2011, p. 1). It has been a great tool for people should be interact ...

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