Impact of Internet Addiction on Social Skills

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

6 (2,123 )

The world continues to progress all the time with the rapid development of new technologies. Inventions like telephone, television, computers, and Internet being one of the most recent in a series of technological developments have proven that people are no longer limited by geographical boundaries. Almost everyone will agree that Internet is the largest and most flexible source of information in the world today. It is widely used by the business ...

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Role of Mirror Neuron System (MNS) in Autism

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

8 (3,048 )

Mirror neuron system (MNS) plays an important role in the specific behavioral features of people with autism. In this paper the central aspects, such as neuropathology, etiology and prevalence, of autism and related disorders will be discussed. In addition the Empathizing-Systemizing (E-S) theory and Theory of Mind (ToM), two theories linking the autistic brain with the specific behavior of the disease, will be discussed. The next two ...

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Causes and Effects of Schizophrenia

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

9 (3,457 )

The world shuns those that are labeled abnormal. When a person is diagnosed with any form of mental illness, their life and their loved one's lives are forever changed. Someone that has schizophrenia suffers in many areas of their life; however, the medical and psychological communities are fighting for the understanding and freedom for all that are involved. The following essay is a brief over view of ...

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Gender Differences in Stroop Effect

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,899 )

Gender differences were examined in the speed of processing, in the context of a Stroop colour-word task. Overall, the Stroop interference effect was observed. Word-reading was faster than colour-naming. Response times were much slower when naming the colour of incongruent colour words than series of Xs. Female participants seemed to respond faster in naming colours of incongruent colour words than males. In contrast, female and male participants ...

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Interventions for Conduct Disorder

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

3 (1,196 )

Conduct Disorder symptoms. How to prevent and intervene with a child with Conduct Disorder will be discussed in the following paper. Basic information about Conduct Disorder will be discussed in the first half of the paper while interventions will be discussed in the second half of the paper. What exactly is childhood Conduct Disorder? The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) describes Conduct Disorder as: ...

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Impact of the Stressors of Undercover Operations

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

9 (3,209 )

The present paper has three purposes: (a) to discuss undercover operatives and the stressors inherent to undercover operations based on literature review, (b) to outline the proposed research project, (c) and to examine the expecting findings, conclusions, limitations and relevance for policy and practice of the proposed research project. Keywords: undercover officer, police, stress, personality test It is almost impossible to turn on the news or to ...

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Biopsychosocial Model Case Study: Depression

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,894 )

The client interviewed by my classmate was Stanley Miller, a fifty eight year old white divorced man, with four children, two boys and two girls. He attended catholic and vocational schools, and later joined the Air force for two years as an Army National guard. He is a graduate with associate's degree, and was once employed as a social worker with Charles Belavia though he is unemployed ...

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Causes of OCD: Genetics or Environment?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,831 )

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder that has been affecting about 1 - 2% of the population. Individuals with OCD tend to do repetitive behaviours such as washing and checking in an attempt to cover unwanted thoughts and images to reduce their anxiety. Though OCD is a common anxiety disorder, it is still unknown if OCD is caused by genetic or environmental factors; ...

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Causes of Stress Among School Teachers

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

8 (3,171 )

The effects of stress upon a persons life can be profound. Different studies have shown that job related stress affects work satisfaction and over all happiness. Increasing stress is becoming recognized occupational hazard in the educational profession. In a country like Pakistan we cannot ignore the situation in educational setting. Teachers` agitations and class boycotts are common practice that shows their dissatisfaction. Both quantity and quality of ...

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Langer's Theory of Reflection on Practice

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Arthur Langer's article Reflecting on Practice: Using Learning Journals in Higher and Continuing Education, attempted to evaluate the effectiveness of learning journals when utilized in the nontraditional classroom (2002). He used a two part methodology involving random sampling of a non-traditional college technology class and self-selection based volunteers to examine the usefulness of learning journals in this forum. This evaluator analyzed Langer's research question, review of literature, ...

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Effects of Theatre Arts on Emotional Intelligence

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

9 (3,402 )

This study has attempted to examine the impact that an individual's involvement in Theatre Arts has on his or her Emotional Intelligence (EI). The hypothesis in the present research is thus, "there is a positive relationship between one's involvement in theatre arts and their emotional intelligence." Participants of this study were residents of Bangalore city, India (N=80). The scale which was employed in this research to administer ...

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Case Study: Lifespan Development and Personality

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,739 )

Describe and evaluate the notion that adolescence is a period of 'storm and stress'Adolescence is a period in development between the onset of puberty and adulthood. It usually begins between 11 and 13 years of age with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and spans the teenage years, terminating at 18 to 20 years of age with the completion of the development of the adult form. During ...

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Overview of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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According to Beck, the cognitive approach to psychotherapy "is best viewed as the application of the cognitive model of a particular disorder with the use of a variety of techniques designed to modify dysfunctional beliefs and faulty information processing characteristic of each disorder". At its current stage of development, CBT is considered one of the best validated psychotherapies available (Bennett-Levy et al, 2004; Salkovkis, 1996), indeed, surveys ...

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Performance Measure of PCA and DCT for Images

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Generally, in Image Processing the transformation is the basic technique that we apply in order to study the characteristics of the Image under scan. Under this process here we present a method in which we are analyzing the performance of the two methods namely, PCA and DCT. In this thesis we are going to analyze the system by first training the set for particular no. Of images ...

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Colour Preference and Emotional Maturity | Research

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

13 (4,979 )

Previous scientific studies have shown that children and adolescents are driven by genes and hormones. However, beyond adolescence, an individual has to choose maturity. The purpose of this studywas to see whether colour preference indicates degrees of emotional maturity. The research was aimed to find that there exists a co-relation between colour preference and emotional maturity. For the purpose, through quota sampling method, 30 adults aged 20-21 ...

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Effects That Caffeine Consumption

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive substance in the United States (Roehrs & Roth, 2008). Regular coffee drinkers consume an average of 200-500mg of caffeine per day (Julien, 2005). Caffeine is found in a broad variety of sources including coffee, tea, energy drinks, chocolate and some over the counter medications (Roehrs & Roth, 2008). Upon consumption, caffeine reaches peak plasma levels in 30-75 minutes and has ...

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Difference Between Friendship and Romantic Relationships

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

2 (716 )

How do friendships differ from romantic relationships? Is there overlap between the two types of intimate relationships? What aspects are the same? The Circle of Friends is a movie that involves three close friends Benny, Eve and Nan. Benny and Eve are much closer friends than they are with Nan. Benny and Eve's friendship stems from when they were children and continues well into university. The friendship ...

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Definitions of Emotional Labour

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Introduction Emotional labor is the display of expected emotions by service agents during service encounters. It is performed through surface acting, deep acting, or the expression of genuine emotion. Emotional labor may facilitate task effectiveness and self-expression, but it also may prime customer expectations that cannot be met and may trigger emotive dissonance and self-alienation. However, following social identity theory, they argue that some effects of emotional ...

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Effects of Co-sleeping

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Con: Co-Sleeping; Angelica Sewake The research paper will examine the effects of co-sleeping. The definition of co-sleeping is, "The standard custom in collectivist cultures, of having a child and parent share a bed" (Belsky, 2010, 87). A collectivist culture pertains to, "Societies that prize social harmony, obedience, and close family connectedness over independent achievement" (87). In the United States the issue of practicing co-sleeping has become controversial ...

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Effects of Musical Training on Verbal Memory

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

6 (2,301 )

The ''Mozart effect,'' was a study published Nature in 1993. The researchers Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky (1993) reported that college students who spent 10 minutes listening to Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major had improved their IQ scores 8-9 points higher on the Stanford-Binet subtest for spatial ability. This was compared with students who either listened to a relaxation tape or listened to nothing. While ...

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Conduct Disorder in Children

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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This paper will examine Conduct Disorder in children. A description of the disorder's subtypes and various methods of diagnosis will be discussed. Specific attention will be given to the method of counselling a prepubescent child who is causing serious problems in school for both teachers and classmates. The skills and strategies used to counsel this child's parents and teachers will also be outlined. Conduct Disorder is defined ...

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Cognitive–behavioural Syndromes of Neglect and Anosognosia

03 Oct 2016 09 Jan 2018

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Considering the neuropsychological diseases discussed during the course, critically compare and discuss theoretical interpretations of at least two syndromes Consciousness is one of the most interesting phenomena of the human mind. Consciousness refers to the integration of the cognitive experiences about self and the external environment (Orfei et al., 2007). However, when this psychological function is damaged, it may lead to dysfunctions in the attention and awareness ...

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Impact of Stress on the Body

03 Oct 2016 09 Jan 2018

4 (1,568 )

Stress Study Stress we hear that term every day in our life from either friend, someone we know at work or especially among the college student. It pushes our mind to think and try to find out what is STRESS. This question raises in my mind many times until I found myself asking friends, family, and everyone around me. People actually define stress in different ways, ...

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Holding and Containing - Winnicott (1960)

13 Sep 2016 14 Dec 2017

8 (2,897 )

Keywords: psychoanalytic, holding and containing, winnicott Holding and containing. The same or different? The psychoanalytic terms “holding” and “containing” originate, from the writings of two prominent psychoanalysts: 'Holding' in the papers of Winnicott (1960); 'containing' in the papers of Bion (1962). The current focus in psychoanalysis of emotional nurture and exchange rather than one of hedonic satisfaction, is primarily as result of Winnicott’s writings and observations. ...

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Theories of Aggression: An Introduction

30 Nov 2017

4 (1,203 )

In today’s world, mental illness and aggression are frequently inevitably linked, creating a stigma for patients and an uncomfortable environment for health care professionals. Hospitals, especially the psychiatric wards frequently face agitated or aggressive patients whom they have to manage. If not managed properly, these situations can quickly turn into a crisis, which results in nuisance and frustration for the staff members and a dangerous environment ...

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MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (MCDI)

29 Nov 2017

8 (3,155 )

Discussion The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (MCDI) in Malayalam. For the present study, 160 parents of infants aged eight months to fifteen months were administered MCDI test-part 1 words and gestures. Say Malayalam version….The study findings are discussed under two sections. Section 1 is developmental trend in early words understanding and productionand section 2 is developmental trend ...

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Trends in Psychology

29 Nov 2017

3 (1,171 )

Psychology and current trends in psychology The study of thoughts and behaviours of mind is ideally called as psychology. The behaviours we do, feel, think and say everything is determined by the functioning of the mind and this behaviours are used as a raw data for analyzing about how the mind works and this all theoretical testing's of mind is called as psychology. Psychology is a ...

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Augmentation Therapy in Treatment-resistant Depression

27 Nov 2017

6 (2,184 )

Augmentation therapy in treatment-resistant depression – a case report Dr. Sushil Kumar Sompur V*   Abstract: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a highly debilitating condition, and utilizes more healthcare costs than many other chronic debilitating disorders. Among patients with depression, MDD seems to be the most debilitating. We report a case of a 75-year-old female patient who has experienced multiple episodes of MDD. The recurrent nature ...

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Impact of HIV/AIDS on Child Mental Health

23 Nov 2017

4 (1,317 )

Chapter 1 Introduction Since the advent of HIV/AIDS epidemic in the 80’s, over 75 million persons have been infected with the deadly virus. Recent statistics shows that there were about 38.8 million people living with HIV/AIDS in 2012 [1]. Over 36 million AIDS related deaths has been recorded since the start of the epidemic, with a reduction in AIDS related mortality from 2.3 million ...

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Psycho Educational Family Groups in Psychosis

23 Nov 2017

6 (2,241 )

Psycho educational family groups in Psychosis The purpose of this paper is to give a scope of illustrations of clinical work of people with families in which an individual has encountered psychosis. Working with families can be exceptionally difficult and numerous clinicians don't feel certain to offer this sort of intercession. As research shows that consumer outcomes improve if families receive information and support (Dixon ...

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Studies to Improve Self Esteem Among Adolescents

23 Nov 2017

8 (2,884 )

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE This chapter deals with the information were gathered related to the present study and helps to acquire comprehensive idea of it. It is an essential part of research process. It assists the researcher to understand what is already known related to the problem and what remains to be known (Kothari, S.R. 2000). Review of literature helps to plan and conduct the ...

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Cognitive Dissonance Theory

23 Mar 2015 16 Oct 2017

5 (1,630 )

Cognitive dissonance theory was first developed by Festinger (1957; as cited in Baron & Byrne, 2003; Hogg & Vaughan, 2005; Sabini, 1995; Taylor, Peplau & Sears, 2006) and it can be defined as "the effects of inconsistent cognitions" (Colman, 2009). This means that if one has two cognitions that conflict with one another, then these two cognitions are dissonant, causing the person psychological inconsistency (Sabini, 1995). Psychological ...

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Cognitive Dissonance Case Study

23 Mar 2015 16 Oct 2017

4 (1,471 )

Cognitive Dissonance is described as the theory that "assumes that to reduce discomfort, we justify our actions to ourselves" (Myers, 2008). Cognitive dissonance is experienced each time a person makes a decision surrounding his or her thoughts that are conflicting. Our beliefs can especially be persuaded for change when an "after-the-fact" has occurred. When there is nothing a person can do to change the scenario, and they ...

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Features of Social Psychological Theories of Attribution

23 Mar 2015 12 Oct 2017

9 (3,369 )

The social psychological theories of attribution deal with how people perceive their own and other people's behaviour and how they use this information to gain a cognitive control over their social environment. In relation to the jury decision making process for example, if the case put before the jury is complex, then the jury may rely on their perception of the defendant and his/her behaviour to make ...

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Twin Language Acquisition Critical Review

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

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TWIN LANGUAGE The acquisition of language in the preschool years by multiple-birth children is often reported to be atypical. Some researchers have claimed that they use ‘twin language’, i.e. an autonomous language specific to a multiple-birth set (Barbara Dodd and Sandra McEvoy,1994). The “secret language” of children, is developed in two scenarios; twins develop crytophasia to overcome their phonological disorders and the deaf people develop a ...

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History of the Lobotomy

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

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  WHAT IS A LOBOTOMY? It may be defined as: “A neurosurgical procedure wherein the connections to and from the brain’s prefrontal cortex are cut. This procedure was performed to try and neutralize the mentally ill. The man responsible for this technique was named Walter Freeman”. EARLY HISTORY OF LOBOTOMIES: The first time lobotomies were performed in 1935 by Portuguese neurologists Dr. Antonio Egas Moniz and ...

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Reflection on Personal Development and Self-Awareness

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

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The Voyage Introduction The title of this essay is "The Voyage" . It's a reflective essay, and I am using the Gibbs Reflective Cycle (Gibbs, 1988) as a template for this exercise. It's a critical reflection on the importance of personal development and self-awareness, which are necessary if one is successful in becoming, and remaining a councillor. In simple terms it's a examination of one's outlook ...

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Ted Bundy Psychology Analysis

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

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The causes of psychopathlingers a mystery. We don’t even have an acceptable answer to the question of whether psychopathy is a producer of Mother Nature or a characteristic of upbringing. These frightening Ted Bundy quotes deliberately sum up the main traits of a psychopath: A heartless, exploitive individual with dulled emotions,spontaneousinclinations and an incapability to feel guilt or remorse. One social factor in spinning a genetically ...

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Psychology of Terrorists

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

7 (2,452 )

Abstract This paper serves to identify some key factors behind the psychopathology of terrorist organizations. With current research that has been conducted I have compiled an overview of what makes a terrorist. I analyze 5 questions: 1) How and why do people join terrorist organizations? 2) To what extent is psychopathology relevant for understanding or preventing terrorism? 3) To what extent is individual personality relevant for understanding ...

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Barriers to Effective Interpersonal Communication

03 Oct 2016 04 Oct 2017

5 (1,702 )

Relationships require loads of hard work, and they turn out to be harder when a couple’s relationship flourishes into a marriage. It requires 2 strong people to place in the work to construct the marriage develop into superior day by the day. Consecutively to be successful in a marriage the couple has to be ready to cooperate, and effort together to continue their lives in poise. ...

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Sociological and Psychological Theories of Health

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,636 )

Illness is a hard fact of life. Everyone is bound to face some sort of illness during their lifetime and everyone must naturally cope with the sickness amongst their family and friends. Both quantity and quality of the social relationships affect the health behavior including the mental health and physical health. As such, sociology and psychology are known to share numerous common interests and field of study ...

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Happiness in Love Relationships

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,689 )

Introduction Happiness refers to the state of being contented, satisfied, joyful, delighted, well-being and being in good spirits (Martin 3). Considerable support has been found that people need some form of close relationship, coupled with a network of other relationships, to be happy and avoid loneliness. A close relationship allows for a certain level of self-disclosure, or willingness to share one's feelings or personal issues. Without ...

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Expressive Language Disorder

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

4 (1,448 )

DSM Name: Expressive Language Disorder DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA The scores got from institutionalized independently directed measures of expressive dialect advancement are significantly underneath those got from institutionalized measures of both nonverbal intelligent limit and open dialect improvement. The unsettling influence may be show clinically by indications that incorporate having a notably restricted vocabulary, making mistakes in strained or experiencing issues reviewing words or delivering sentences with formatively ...

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Research Plan Outline Example

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Describe how you will recruit participants I will recruit participants through the longitudinal sample consists of 808 students who consented to participate in the study from the population of 1,053 9th through 12th grade students attending 18 high schools serving high-crime neighborhoods. As incentives to participate, students will be provided with pizza at the focus group and their names will also be placed in a basket to ...

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Early Childhood Development

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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CHAPTER 01: Preschool child 1.1 Preschool child Preschool age is basically identified as year three to six. In psychology this age group categorize as “early childhood”. This early childhood stage is more imperative in the child development and their learning procedure. That’s why the concept of preschool has come to play. Preschoolers are always on the move, exploring their world with excitement, curiosity, and an ...

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Impact of Ethics on Social Psychology Research

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Do strict ethics make good research in social psychology impossible? Introduction A long-term argument have lasted for a long time about the ethics in psychology. Some call it protected the human right and some call it delayed the knowledge’s grow. The ethics in psychology are widely used in order to protect the public and express clear ethical principles (The British Psychological Society, 2009). But some may ...

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Challenges in Counselling

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,675 )

Define counseling. Counseling is a professional guidance for the client by using psychological skills. These skills include collecting clients history data Egan(2012), by using various methods of the personal session and testing individual interests and aptitudes. The counselor's goal is generally to guide or coach the individual toward opportunities that can be the best and concrete fulfillment of the client personal needs and interest. The counselor ...

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Analysis of Thomas Teo's Theories

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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First review The first article focuses on whether psychological codes of ethics are morally oblique, authored by Thomas Teo. The researcher hypothesizes that both American and Canadian moral code in their current form are not equipped to address challenges like epistemological violence. The second hypothesis is that the codes are not immune to ideological changes especially with regard to war on terror and lastly the researcher ...

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Research Methodologies In Psychology

23 Mar 2015 03 Oct 2017

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Quantitative research is classified as the systematic empirical investigation of properties that have quantifiable elements and or phenomena, as well as the relationships between these. In general it can be said that quantitative research is usually carried out using scientific methods, and these can include and encompass, generating models and theories, gathering empirical data, developing measurements and methods of doing so amongst other approaches. The roots of ...

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Negative Effects of Social Media

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

8 (3,045 )

COMMUNITY OR ISOLATION? TOO MUCH SOCIALIZING ONLINE Abstract Internet facility nowadays has made social networking site is the most frequent visit either, indeed the use of the internet to socialize provides many benefits to the community. However, too much socializing online will lead to various cons, isolation that occurs will cause various disasters to users addicted to the use of the internet that is too long, various ...

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Impact of Yoga on Psychophysiological Changes

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,982 )

Research project proposal Cognitive Evolution by Psychophysiological Methods in Practice of Yoga and Meditation: Computational Approach Introduction: This study suggests about Psychophysiological changes generated in human body due to the effect of yoga and meditation. Yoga is a commonly known generic term for physical, mental, and spiritual disciplines which originated in ancient India. Meditation is a practice in which an individual trains the mind and/or induces ...

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Brain Imaging Techniques

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,628 )

A modern approach in studying the human brain is neuroimaging which allows scientists to look at the structural or functional aspects of the nervous system. There are two dimensions to be considered when using functional measures that are available for neuroscience research - spatial resolution which is how specific the source of signal can be localised and temporal resolution which is the time scale of the ...

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Factors of Body Image

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

6 (2,212 )

Body Image The title slide of the topic of body image carries a wonderful message. This message was undoubtedly my reaction after watching the complete video. The message was as clear as the day. “Don’t let “Ideal” get in the way of real health”. With the hip and happening trend of staying in shape gaining popularity in the last two decades, the importance of body image ...

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Psychoanalytic, Humanistic-Existential, and Behavioural Case

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Assignment 1. Develop 3 cases example of Psychoanalytic, Humanistic-Existential, and Behavioural theories respectively. Each cases should include goals, reasons for referral, nature of treatment (counseling/psychotherapy) and outcomes. Critically analyze the underlying assumptions of the human nature among the three theories. Summarize all of the above in report format. A. Psychoanalytic Theories. Client Background Information: Anne, 21-year-old female, first year college student, she lived with her mother, ...

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Mindfulness Cognitive Therapy for Self Conception

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

7 (2,680 )

The effect of mindfulness based on cognitive therapy on body self-concept and unlogical beliefs in people who seek cosmetic surgery centers Abstract The aim of the research was to investigate mindfulness based on cognitive therapy on body self-concept and unlogical beliefs in people who seek cosmetic surgery centers. Research sample include 50 people who selected randomly. (25pcontrol group, 20 people experimental group). They answered to research ...

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Workplace Stress Management

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

9 (3,201 )

Stress Management  While some workplace stress is normal, excessive stress can interfere with our productivity and impact our physical and emotional health. And your ability to deal with it can mean the difference between success or failure. You can’t control everything in your work environment, but that doesn’t mean you’re powerless—even when you’re stuck in a difficult situation. Finding ways to manage workplace stress isn’t about ...

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Tuskegee Syphilis Study Ethics

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Abstract The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was a forty year-long study in which researchers observed the natural progression of syphilis in 399 African-American men. Despite medical advancements and the discovery of successful penicillin treatments for syphilis, researchers involved in the Tukegee Syphilis Study took extreme measures to ensure participants remained unaware of life-saving intervention (Jones, 1993). The deceptive and manipulative nature of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study resulted ...

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Psychology Reflective Essay

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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The psychology is called the "science of behavior" which means the study of human nature and activities. It is significant as it is involved with the research of actions and psychological procedures and simultaneously, it is also used in many different places of individual lifestyle. The most common approaches in psychology are behavioral, psychoanalytic, cognitive, social/cultural, and physiological. Everything we do is very much related to ...

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Psychology of Consciousness

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION Psychology of consciousness is the subsection of psychology. Psychologists may not agree on a definition of "consciousness" or of "the psychology of consciousness," but they can, to a large degree, agree on which topics and problems are included within the domain of the psychology of consciousness (Natsoulas 1981). It is very hard to get definition of consciousness precisely, it is difficult to understand or describe ...

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Erikson’s Epigenetic Theories in Adolescence

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Psychology into adulthood Taq1 – look at cross cultural studies of life stages are these reliable and valid? Taq1 – also consider case studies to support his theories? Erikson believed that childhood is the most important years during a child’s personality development. Erikson’s accepted many of Freud’s theories which includes the id, ego, and the superego and the theory of Freud of the infantile sexuality. ...

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Teaching Loco-motor Skills in Childhood

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Target population This proposal is aimed at children between the ages of 4-6 years (in the pre-operational period). Early childhood is the time when children begin learning fundamental motor skills, comprising of loco-motor skills and object control skills (Stodden et.al, 2008). The former set of skills involve moving the body through space: skills such as running, hopping, jumping and skipping (Haywood & Getchell, 2005, cited by ...

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Perspectives of Positive Psychology

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Positive Psychology The 10 Strategies Strategy #1: The Cognitive Perspective Cognitive perspective examines one’s internal mental process. It varies in creativity, memory, perception, language, and problem solving. For example, a school student makes a small effort to get good grades in school. Cognitive explanation occurs for this low achievement motivation that this student has low-self efficacy. The student may think and believe that he or she ...

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Personality Development: Nature vs. Nurture

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

7 (2,704 )

Keywords: nature vs nurture personality development Personality Development: Nature vs. Nurture Many researchers have tried to unravel the mystery of how personality is developed. It cannot be narrowed down to one specific cause. Multiple aspects come together to create a personality. “Personality is the unique and relatively enduring set of behaviors, feelings, thoughts, and motives that characterize an individual (Feist & Rosenburg, 2012).” Important aspects of ...

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Adolescent Self-Esteem and Coping Strategies

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

6 (2,215 )

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the background and the objective of the study, problem statement, research question as well as hypotheses. Other than that, significance of the study and definition of terms are also further discussed in this chapter. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Adolescents are a group of people between the age of 10 to 19 and they have contributed ...

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Ivan Pavlov Theory and Biography

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

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Abstract This paper explores the life of Ivan P. Pavlov, a Russian physiologist known for his research in classical conditioning. Five outside sources are referenced Tibbetts, Stephen G., Criminological Theory: The Essentials, 1st Edition, SAGE, (2011), including internet sources. Contents of the paper include early and social life, and career objectives. Many arguments have been made as Ivan Pavlov was known for as classical conditioning, but really ...

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Impact of Bullying and Cyber Bullying on Adolescents

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

8 (3,045 )

Introduction It has been long believed that bulling is a part of growing up and since they are only children, they do not know that they are possibly causing harm. This is not the case, bullies act with the sole intent to inflict mental and or physical harm to their chosen victim for their own personal gratification. Bulling and Cyber Bulling are becoming major issues in ...

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Switch: How to Change Things When Change Is Hard: Synopsis

03 Oct 2016 03 Oct 2017

5 (1,941 )

Subject and Thesis Statement Without motivation change is very hard and difficult to ensure. This book is about collection of techniques to assist people create change in their lives as painlessly as possible. The central idea or thesis seems to be that managing change is not a matter of emotion or reason but the environment, not inner functioning which are quiet hard to influence but the ...

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Experiments Investigating Cognition Related to Colours

06 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

5 (1,882 )

Experiment 1: The Effect of Interfering Color Stimuli Upon Reading Names of Colours Methods Two tests would be taken to demonstrate the interference by color stimuli in reading names of color. In both tests, subject would respond to a color name by pressing its corresponding key on the keyboard. (i.e. pressing Z for “red”, X for “green”, C for “blue”, V for “brown”, and B for ...

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Information on The Denver Developmental Screening Test

06 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

9 (3,368 )

DENVER DEVELOPMENTAL SCREENING TEST The Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) is a screening test for cognitive and behavioral problems in children from birth until the age of 6. It was developed by William K. Frankenburg at the University of Colorado Medical Center, Denver, USA. It was first introduced by him and Josiah.B. Dobbs in 1967. The test is currently marketed by Denver Developmental Materials, Inc., in ...

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Gibson's Contribution to Milgram's Obedience Research

06 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

7 (2,413 )

Critically evaluate Gibson's contribution to the interpretation of Milgram's research findings on obedience.What can this tell us about the importance of context for studying social influence? Social psychology aims to understand how the social world influences the thoughts, emotions and behaviours of others. Obedience, a determinant of behaviour, is concerned with the power of social processes and contextual pressures upon individual behaviour, versus the individual's agency ...

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Evaluation of Three Common Mental Disorders

20 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

5 (1,751 )

Evaluation of three common mental disorders: Eating Disorders, Schizophrenia and OCD Introduction This essay will look to explain and evaluate three of the most common metal disorders which are:- - Eating Disorders- Schizophrenia- Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD) The essay will look at a range of different types of psychological explanations and evaluating whether each explanation holds any strengths and or weaknesses. The essay will be concluding ...

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Literature Review of Psychological Impact of SNSs

21 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

5 (1,613 )

LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction Connection technologies such as e-mail, text messages, social networking sites (SNSs) including Facebook and microblogs such as Twitter are widely embraced, and the accumulative impact of these social media on the lives of their users continues to mount exponentially (LaRose, Connolly, Lee, Li, & Hales, 2014; Punjazon-Zazik & Park, 2010; Ahn, 2011). However, growing attention is being placed on impacts associated with a ...

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A Case for an Integrated Life-Span Approach

19 Sep 2017

5 (1,954 )

Nature or Nurture: Yes. A Case for an Integrated Life-Span Approach There has been a debate raging, sometimes quietly, sometimes not, in regards to why individuals are the way they are. Most now realize that there is a tremendous interaction between the expression of the genes that we are given and the environment that forms the context for growth and development. Consider identical twins, separated at ...

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Field Experiments versus Laboratory Experiments

19 Sep 2017

7 (2,695 )

Field Experiments versus Laboratory Experiments: A Question of Purpose Rather than Preference This paper aims to explore two worlds, without explicitly choosing one over the other. We realize of course that making that choice would make our task easier as we would become advocates for one side. However, as we shall see, this would not be the prudent course of action. In science, both field and ...

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Critical Health Psychology View of Stress

18 Sep 2017

8 (3,144 )

Stress is a natural subject for critical health psychology. Critical health psychology is not so much an intersection of two fields, health psychology and critical psychology, as it is a union of the two in expanding beyond the traditional limits of medicine and clinical psychology. Here is S. Taylor’s definition of health psychology, quoted by Isaac and Ora Prilleltensky: “Health psychology is the field within psychology ...

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Impact of Money on Happiness

18 Sep 2017

27 (10,783 )

The love of money, as they say, is the root of all evil. Yet money remains an essential commodity in everyday living. It is a universal need that is pursued one way or the other world over. There are several amenities in life that can mostly only be purchased by money; hence the lack of it can speedily reduce an individual, any individual into distress and ...

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Crowd Psychology and Deindividuation Theory

18 Sep 2017

8 (3,116 )

Hilter, Hooligans and Fire Drills A Review of Crowd Psychology and Deindividuation Theory Introduction One could say that Hitler was a first-rank “Hooligan” but that wouldn’t quite hit the mark to either of them. “Hooligans” are not a new fascist regime but the young, typically undereducated and likely marginalized males who seem to cause a disproportionate degree of mayhem during football matches. Fire drills are done ...

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Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Effectiveness

18 Sep 2017

14 (5,253 )

Introduction The following discussion will critically evaluate the research evidence which is available regarding the efficacy and effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). It will particularly focus upon its application to the treatment of Schizophrenia Initially, a brief explanation of what is meant by CBT will be given along with an outline of the model which underpins it. A consideration of the use of ...

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Psychology Case Study on Fictional Character

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

5 (1,915 )

Taneka Gibson  Case Conceptualization Cruella De Vil Introducing the Character Cruella is the head of the London fashion house called House of De Vil. Cruella has two passions cigarettes and fur.  Anita Dearly is one of Cruella's employees and hinted to be her best fashion designer. Cruella first took interest in the Dalmatian puppies when Anita drew spots on one of the designs. Anita, inspired ...

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Psychological Theories of Advertising

16 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

6 (2,145 )

Kirstin Sprague Culver-Stockton College Dr. Stiles Advertising gives us a message in many forms whether it be attracting, informing, reminding, suggesting or impelling us numerous times throughout the day. Advertising is the process of making things known to us. Psychology is the word of the mind and to be successful to get people to buy things you must combine both psychology and advertising. Gill, L. ...

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Effects of Bigotry on Children

16 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

3 (1,001 )

Rozenn Moundounga Michelle Romero Throughout history, conflicts and fights have been observed in population because of difference between people. People experience discrimination all over the world. This intolerance towards others can be seen as prejudice or bigotry. Bigotry is known as any prejudice someone may have towards others. They are different types of bigotry such as racism, homophobia, or sexism. Bigotry cannot be ignored because ...

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Role of Transactive Memory in ICU team Resuscitaton

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

21 (8,123 )

CHELSEA KRAMER The Role of Transactive Memory in ICU Team Resuscitation The intensive care unit (ICU) is branded as a complex environment. Evolving situations, rapid changes to patient condition and frequent interruptions challenge multidisciplinary teams' ability to work effectively. The interdependent, often ad-hoc nature of ICU teams makes them vulnerable to teamwork skill deficiencies. Particularly, issues in non-technical skills such as communication and teamwork during ...

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Panic Disorder: Causes and Treatment

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

5 (1,629 )

 Tylir Fowler  People that are diagnosed with panic disorder are those that experience spontaneous panic attacks and are fearful of a recurring attack (Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia ). A panic attack is a relatively short timeframe of high fear or discomfort, which is characterized by shortness of breath, dizziness, rapid heart rate, shaking, sweating, choking, and other concerning symptoms physically; these can last from minutes ...

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Moderate Ethylic Alcohol Consumption Memory Impact

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

14 (5,548 )

Research on Whether Moderate Ethylic Alcohol Consumption Impairs the Formation and Retrieval of Long-Term Memories Subject: Psychology Abstract The aim of this research was to investigate if there could be any potential beneficial effects of consuming a moderate amount of ethylic alcohol on the cognitive process of memory formation and retrieval in the long-term. Thus, the research question explored was 'Research on whether ...

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Teacher Discipline Styles and Children's Social Behavior

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

4 (1,387 )

Patty S. Stewart Educators spend a large amount of their time attempting to deal with their class and teaching uncontrollable kids. The strategies they utilize can produce either positive or negative effects on kids' social conduct. The nature of the connections that kids frame with their educators is an imperative supporter to the youngsters' social and scholastic achievement. Kids whose association with the educator is ...

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Stigma of Labeling Adolescent Students

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

3 (1,167 )

Jordin Stewart Imagine a fourth grader sitting next to her best friend in her favorite class. Math class is going as usual, playing with the fun tens blocks, joking around with her best friend, and not having a worry in the world. Some boys next to her notice the cuts on her wrist. They are all too young to even begin to understand what self-harm ...

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Literature Review on Consultancy Methodologies

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

8 (3,066 )

Faye Wood Purpose of the literature review As part of my role at the X unit Personality Disorder Treatment Service, I have been asked to complete a piece of consultancy work related to the recruitment of new discipline staff to the unit. Specifically, I have been asked to evaluate the existing interview and selection process and suggest ways in which this process could be improved. ...

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Analyzing the Psychological Effects of Epilepsy

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

4 (1,371 )

 Julie LaMon Epilepsy is a chronic seizure disorder. The hallmark of Epilepsy is recurrent, unprovoked seizures. In the United States alone, there are around 100,000 new cases of Epilepsy every year (Sirven and Shafer). Epilepsy affects more individuals than cerebral palsy, cancer, tuberculosis, muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis combined (Fletcher). Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes (Rathus). Epilepsy is related to ...

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Major Depressive Disorder: Causes and Treatments

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

5 (1,684 )

Cameron Ross  Introduction Often referred to as the common cold of psychopathology, depression, or major depression disorder, is a state of sadness characterized by feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, despair, and withdrawal from others that has a constant interference on the lives of those suffering. Depression is usually accompanied by low energy, loss of interest, pain, and low self-esteem. Behind lower back pain, depression is the ...

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Concepts of Gender and Sexual Identity

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

3 (1,185 )

Da'Myah Buckner Sexuality Sexuality is quite multidimensional (Masters, Johnson, and Kolodny 3). Sexuality encompasses many different elements. These elements include: sex, gender identity, gender role, body image, sexual orientation, sexual thoughts, sexual fantasies, and the way a person experiences intimacy ("A Definition of Sexuality"). Broadly put, a person's sexuality defines the way they express themselves as a sexual being. Each component of sexuality contributes something ...

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Effect of Parental Sexual Orientation on Children

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

5 (1,936 )

Meriam Khalifa Psych 1 Anne Milner In Does Parental Sexual Orientation Matter? A Longitudinal Follow-Up of Adoptive Families with School-Age Children, the researcher Rachel Farr studied the relationship between couples' sexual orientation and their children's behavior. She questioned whether their sexual orientation would impact children's well-being based on the debates of 'father and mother need to present' vs. the increases today in same-sex couples. Farr ...

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Environmental Risk Perception Article Paper

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

3 (1,107 )

Bill Hasler   Environmental risk is an issue perceived in dissimilar ways by individuals across the globe. In fact, it is impossible to assess full accuracy of environmental risk research. This is due to several environmental aspects which require thorough investigation. In the recent past, global warming has been the major topic under consideration. This paper seeks to analyze two articles related; one analyzes issues of ...

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Synesthesia: A Unique Perspective on Life

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

5 (1,697 )

Hope Wamae  Colored hearing, shapes one can taste, letters and numbers with personalities, and sounds that produce physical sensations. To most people this experience sounds like something out of a movie, but for some individuals this is a reality. Until recently scientists deemed this phenomenon a result of an overactive imagination, but after closer review these occurrences were revealed to be a real condition and ...

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Effects of Early Home Language Environment on Speech

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

4 (1,201 )

Effects of early home language environment on perception and production of speech Lily Tao and Marcus Taft Presented by: Danielle Macedo INTRODUCTION (200-400 words) The main question of this study is what are the consequences of parents who have migrated to a new country and speaking to their children mostly in their native tongue rather than mostly the accented-new language/majority language of the new country? ...

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Nervous System Influence in Shaping Behaviour

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

3 (1,151 )

Dr. Kathryn Westbeld  Shaping Behavior The brain is a sophisticated organ whose function and design makes it the main hub for the nervous and sensory systems and cognitive functions, all of which are vital in forming behavior. They function separately, yet in conjunction to construct movements and behaviors. This paper will discuss how these systems and cognitive functions shape behaviors. The brain develops as at ...

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Gender in Simultaneous and Successive Bilingual Acquisition

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

2 (776 )

Afaaf Ebrahim The development of gender in simultaneous and Successive bilingual acquisition of French - Evidence  Introduction The main topic of the study is to look into whether the age of onset acquisition, the quality and quantity of the concept of gender within the French language, depending on if French was learned simultaneously with another language growing up, or if French was considered the L2 language ...

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Marital and Family Therapy

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

4 (1,282 )

Kevin Smith One of the many different reasons that a person sees a therapist would be because of family and relationship problems. When dealing with a one on one session the dynamics are clear as that there is only one patient. But when those dynamics are changed with the introduction of a second variable such as that of the spouse, partner, or possibly other family ...

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How Do Adolescents Talk about Self-harm? Qualitative Study

16 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,306 )

A qualitative study of disclosure in an ethnically diverse urban population in England Introduction This study deployed qualitative method to conduct study on "How do adolescents talk about self-harm". The researchers evaluated the causes of self-harm among young adults by looking at the factors that makes young people drift into self-harming themselves and the reasons why they do not seek help from health providers, charity ...

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Theories of Why Humans Sleep

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,154 )

Siegel (2005) simply stated that "the functions of mammalian sleep are unclear". One could simply answer; "because we're tired" or "to relieve tiredness", but that of course does not answer the inherent question no more than explaining why do we get hungry or thirsty by saying we eat because we're hungry or drink because we're thirsty. Organisms do their best to regulate eating, drinking, breathing ...

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Theories of Motivation

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

5 (1,668 )

Intrinsic motivation This is motivation from within.  A desire to perform well and succeed.  The following will be true: Desire to overcome the problem or task Development of skills and habits to overcome that problem Rehearsal of successful habits until they are perfect A feeling of pride and enjoyment in performing the skill Repeated goal setting in order to progress and maintain motivation ...

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