Alternatives to Prison for Punishment and Rehabilitation

18 Apr 2018

4 (1,502 )

Assess the alternative to prison in dealing with offenders Crime has always been prevalent in the myriad spheres of our society and will never cease to exist. To combat crimes, methods have been derived to deter these depending on the gravity of the crime itself. The graver the crime the graver the punishment. These methods can prove to be inefficient. In this eventuality new ways must ...

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Exploration of Women's Pathways into Criminality

13 Apr 2018

5 (1,717 )

EXPLORING WOMEN’S PATHWAYS INTO CRIME AT CHIKURUBI FEMALE PRISON. WASHINGTON BONGANI NGULUBE CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction The study of female crimes has been limited when compared to the study of male crimes. This research focuses on the why there has been an increase in women participating or committing criminal activities particularly armed robbery at Chikurubi Female Prison in Harare. This chapter will highlight ...

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Comparison of Criminal Traits

28 Mar 2018

4 (1,530 )

Abstract Cesare Lombroso’s (1960) Criminal Man led to a new discipline in criminology, placing a link between physical anomalies and crime. Certain attributes were said to be the result of a biologically inferior presence which led to a life of crime (Ellwood, 1912). An observational study interpreted a number of ‘mugshots’ made up of criminals and Psychology staff from Canterbury Christ Church University. ...

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A summary and assessment of labelling theory

13 Sep 2016 14 Dec 2017

6 (2,135 )

Keywords: becker, labelling theory, criminology theories, Part of the assumption about the way policing and the law works is that punishing criminal behaviour has a deterrent effect. Whatever controversies surround the efficacy of deterrence - and they are myriad - it seemed hard for many early theorists to believe that punishing criminal behaviour does any actual harm to society. What labelling theorists introduced was the idea ...

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Issues with Sex Offender Registration Laws

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

4 (1,238 )

Criminal recidivism poses a serious risk to public safety. In the middle 1990's, the United States passed a series of laws to deal with the sex offender threat to the public. The legislative solution for the problem of sex offenders was found in sex offender registration and notification laws. This legislation stemmed from a series of highly publicized incidents where the offender had prior record of committing ...

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Bank Robber: John Dillinger, a Biography

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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John Dillinger was one of the Midwest and our nations most elusive and notorious bank robbers. Many thought of Dillinger as a modern day Robin Hood that stole from the very institutions that where foreclosing on broken farmers. (Life, 2003). The truth is that John Dillinger was a career criminal that lead a life of crime that started with Deviance in his youth. Some described his behavior ...

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Theories of Criminology for Terrorism

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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ORIGIN Terrorism has occurred throughout history for a variety of reasons. Its causes can be historical, cultural, political, social, psychological, economic, or religious-or any combination of these. Some countries have proven to be particularly susceptible to terrorism at certain times, as Italy and West Germany were during the 1970s. Terrorist violence escalated precipitously in those two countries for a decade before declining equally dramatically. Other countries, such ...

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Criminal Liability Case Study

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Table of Statutes Offences Against the Person Act 1861 Theft Act 1968 The Criminal Damages Act 1971 Criminal Damages Act 1971 Tables of cases Perkins & Boyce Criminal Law 830-831 (3rd ed. 1982) Hall, General Principles of Criminal Law 222-27 (2d ed. 1960) Rv wolling(1998)A ALL ER103) DPPv Majewski (1976) All ER42 Rv Burstow Rv Ireland 1997AC Diolock LJ in mowatt (1967) 3 ALLER 47 DPPV ...

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Crime Rates in the UK: Changes Over Time

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Crime has devastating consequences to the economic and social dimensions of any country. Unfortunately despite increased efforts to fight crime halting it seems to be impossible. Slack (2009) points out that official crime figures indicate that the country has the worst rate essentially for all types, or categories of violent crimes when compared to the United States and other countries that appear on the list of the ...

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Due Process And Crime Control Models

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

8 (2,828 )

The purpose of this paper is to research both the Due Process and Crime Control Models. After researching each of the topics, they will be discussed in further detail. Both of the models will be compared and contrasted as well. Both of the models have proven to be well known and used throughout the United States, as well as many other parts of the world; both models ...

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Crime in Australia: An Overview

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

10 (3,785 )

What is Crime What is Crime? Crime can be defined as breaking the law. The government or authorities usually set laws that the citizens must follow, punishment is prescribed for those who bleach those laws. The laws provided by a state are an example of behavior codes that influence society. The legal or criminal justice system enforces the law and punishes those who break it. There is ...

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US Police Recruitment Steps

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Career Exploration into Policing Criminal Justice Steps in the department's recruitment process The department of the Ohio state police has immense and significant aspects that are usually put into consideration during the recruitment process of potential police officers. Great consideration is taken into serious account where everyone in the recruitment process is considered the same as the other no matter from which particular group one comes from ...

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Domestic Violence in Society

03 Oct 2016 11 Dec 2017

7 (2,738 )

Chapter-1 INTRODUCTION The domestic violence is customary in our society. It has varying manifestations in the society along with the causes which give rise to the domestic violence. Domestic violence in any form, is detrimental for the family and hence society. It has hostile bearings upon the lives of people, children, women and adolescents which result stirring space by disturbing social relationships. Domestic violence with enduring ...

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Psychological Concepts of Naxalism

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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General 1. Psychological operation is as old as war. It has formed a part of the conflict resolution process since the ancient times. CH Brewitt Taylor in his translation of a Chines text as San Kuo or Romance of the three kingdom, observes that, as early as in AD 2000 a group of pro Han loyalists combined basic elements of psychological instrument, in conflict resolution. Kautalya and ...

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Concepts of Green Criminology and Environmental Crime

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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The fast social, technological, political and environmental development of the world we live in is almost beyond comprehension. All these changes have created growing demands for goods and services that cannot be supplied anymore by the ordinary economy and business services, but the criminal economy must jump in. Furthermore, new mobility has increased trade, tourism, expansion of the scientific and cultural cooperation and much more. Borders are ...

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Issues of Drug Trafficking in the US

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Drug Trafficking is a growing epidemic that faces are great nation and fragile borders every day. The United States has been fighting this battle for decades and there seems no end in sight. When will enough be enough and when will we see change across the United States to stop the drug trafficking problems? Every day in the news there is a headline about drugs and how ...

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Efficacy of Death Penalty as a Punishment

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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The main aim of this research project is to evaluate the efficacy of death penalty as a punishment. The researcher has tried her best to do an objective study on the topic, without any subjectivity or personal biases or prejudices. Since this is a sensitive topic and different schools of thought have different opinion about capital punishment, the researcher has tried to analyse and understand the pros ...

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Racial Conflict in the Criminal Justice System

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

3 (1,007 )

Racial conflict is defined as societal controversies related to variances in ethnic, cultural, or national affiliation. Specifically, racial conflict is the result of one dominant culture's control of differing cultures through economics, politics, social policy, and law. In the U.S. juvenile and criminal justice systems, the term racial conflict can be used to refer to discriminatory practices by those who work in the juvenile and criminal justice ...

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Causes of Human Trafficking

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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An examination of the issues and challenges of trafficking bring us face to face with the stark reality of the situation. Hordes of women and children are victims of grave human rights violation having been trafficked by vested interests using lure, deceit, compulsion, threat and coercion before being pushed into the gory world of CSE or other forms of bondage. They are subjected to physical and mental ...

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Concepts of Organized Crime

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Statistically, most crimes committed in major American cities are crimes of passion, convenience, or opportunity committed by individual perpetrators; these can be classed as street crime or disorganized crime (Ryan and George, 1997). Disorganized crimes are difficult to predict and, often, difficult to solve. Because they cut across racial, class, and gender lines, disorganized crimes have fascinated historians, and there are several studies that attempt to find ...

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Types and Forms of Racism

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Racism has been around for a long it and it is quite difficult to point out whether it is going to end today or in the near future. Many people would think of racism in terms of Whites oppressing the Blacks but there are various forms of racial discrimination that we will analyze shortly. Racial discrimination overall is not a good thing. Those who practice it should ...

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Issues for Women in Law Enforcement

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Women were not considered for law enforcement employment unless it was in a typical job in the profession such as, special units, desk and office jobs and received lower pay. While women were often thought of as being weaker in this profession, they fought to be recognized by constantly trying to prove themselves to be better in a male dominated arena. Women have had their struggles as ...

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Drug Treatments in US Prisons

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Drugs such as marijuana and cocaine and amphetamines and heroin together with drug-addiction are correlated to crime in a number of ways. Being a criminal offence to use, to be in possession, to produce, or to dispense these drugs, they are categorized as prohibited. The upshots of usage of drugs, including aggression, including robbery to obtain funds to acquire drugs, including aggression against competitor traffickers, affect the ...

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Effect of Foreign Workers in Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Malaysia's economy expanded rapidly in recent years. Giant development projects run smoothly. As a result, there is a wide range of employment opportunities and labor shortage problems. Malaysia is among 10 countries listed as the top employer of foreigners in the world. Nowadays, we can meet with foreign workers from Indonesia, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Nepal, India and China who are working in various low-paying sectors such as ...

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Juvenile and Adult Criminal Justice Courts: Comparison

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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The juvenile court system has been in existence since 1899 (Kerbs, n.d.). Although this does not show how long juvenile crimes have been taking place, it does give one a glimpse into how long juvenile crime has been taken to courts. Politically, both sides of the spectrum; liberals as well as conservatives "are calling for the abolition of the juvenile court's jurisdiction over delinquency adjudications" (Kerbs, n.d.). ...

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Custodial Death and Human Rights Concerns

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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Whenever we go through daily newspapers or news on broadcast media or internet, one of the most common topics we can find is deaths in custody. This is something that we get to hear about most often from people surrounding us, and it has been happening for quite a long time, not only in a particular country or region, but in the whole world. However, many people ...

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Drug Abuse In Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 11 Dec 2017

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BACKGROUND STUDY Drug abuse is a cause of concern to all nations around the world either in developing countries and undeveloped countries and in both cases the most affected are the youth,. Due to the rapid increase in drug related crime and drug abusers in Asian countries, the establishment of effective countermeasures for demand and supply reduction are a pressing issue. And if they are all left ...

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Statistical Analysis Results of Crime

21 Nov 2017

7 (2,645 )

THE ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (ANOVA), STUDENTS ‘T’ TESTS AND MATRIX ALGEBRA By ATUBI, A. 0. Ph.D. Introduction The ANOVA sometimes referred to as the F test (named after the statistician Sir Roland Fisher, the author of this test) is a set of procedures for testing the significance of differences among more than two independent means. This procedure determines the extent to which there are significant differences ...

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The Official Crimes Statistics

02 Nov 2017

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Official crime statistics (OCS) are crimes which are recorded by the police and which they choose to investigate. There are two types of crime statistics, officially recorded crime and Crime Survey of England and Wales. Recorded crimes can provide information on trends in crime, are an important indicator of the police workload and ...

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Why People Have Allusions Of High Crime

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

These are disturbing times. Almost each day, when we watch the television, read a newspaper, or listen to the radio, we are bombarded with threats to our well-being and safety. Such risks are difficult to detect, and at times contentious, ranging from issues such as terrorism, crime, and so forth. Currently, the United States incarcerates ...

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Three Important Functions Of The Family

02 Nov 2017

7 (7 )

Ranen Solymosi Sociology 335 Mid-Term Paper In my opinion, 18 year olds should not be sent to prison for a life term. Many factors can play into a young adult’s decision making and attitude towards life. Social and economic reasons also reasons for crime. Family life can have a dramatic effect on ...

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Unemployment Situation In India

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

Chapter 4 Chapter 4: Employment – Unemployment Situation in India: Some Results from NSS Rounds (Since 1983 to 2009-10) 4.1 Background The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), as a part of its 66th round survey programme during the period July 2009 - June 2010, carried out an all-India household survey on the subject of employment ...

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The War Against Firearm

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

"Since 1997, gun crime has doubled. It now stands at 10,000 a year—one every hour of every day. Attempted murder with firearms has doubled to more than 1,200 a year—more than three attempted murders every day" this is why such a great deal of government and local resources must be used in effectively combating the ...

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Reasons For Ever Increasing Prison Populations

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Introduction Recent events, including the 2011 riots that shocked our civilised jurisdiction, [1] coupled with the infamous comments made by Judge Peters Bowers that a burglar was "courageous" for breaking into someone’s property and that prison is rarely an appropriate course of action to remedy the harm caused (commenting instead that it can have an adverse impact ...

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Gun Laws What If We Didnt Have Any

02 Nov 2017

7 (7 )

Etheridge, L AP Government and Politics Gun laws, what if we didn’t have any? Crimes are happening in our country every day. With crime comes weapon usage leading us to the long debate this country is having over whether or not to have stricter gun control laws. With recent gun violence, the government is trying ...

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