Soft Sediment Communities

27 Mar 2018

7 (2,430 )

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Overview of Soft Sediment Communities Soft sediments are the most common marine habitat on earth (Wilson, 1990). The habitats include sandy beaches, estuaries, mudflats and salt marshes. The communities consist of organisms which live on, or in, the bottom of a water body. There are generally four types of soft sediment communities which can be classified according to their size. They are ...

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Effect of Temperatures on Plant Growth

12 Mar 2018

8 (2,957 )

Chapter 5 IMPLEMENTATION The plant growth module computes the crop growth and development based on daily values of maximum and minimum temperatures, radiation and daily value of soil stress factors. The values are added together to give an estimate of the amount of seasonal growth your plants have achieved. Plant growth prediction model depends on the plant parameters like, Temperature Relative humidity Rainfall Solar radiation. ...

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Water Quality Study of the Semenyih River

23 Mar 2015 15 Dec 2017

8 (3,002 )

Semenyih River is chosen as a sampling site in this study also this river is of particular importance in the study of surface water pollution because effluents from industries, mining, municipal sewage, agricultural and urban run-off are discharged into it bringing about considerable change in the water quality. In addition that, Semenyih River is one of the most important rivers in Selangor because of its importance as ...

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Malaysian Market For Sago Palm

23 Mar 2015 15 Dec 2017

11 (4,172 )

In this chapter, we will discuss the background of Malaysia market for sago. The discussion of the market consists of production, consumption, export and price. To understand about sago, we will first briefly discuss on sago palm, sago starch and sago processing. 1.1 Sago Palm Sago palm or Metroxylon sagu is a crop that produces starch for food and non-food processing industries. Sago palm is widely cultivated ...

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Grass Silage Quality In Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 15 Dec 2017

14 (5,344 )

There were different management systems been practiced in the livestock industry in Malaysia. The intensive system was widely practiced, particularly in the pig and poultry sector and as for the ruminant industry; it varies from extensive to intensive system. The majority of feedstuffs used in rations for pig and poultry were imported (Anon, 2002), although to some extent locally produced ingredients were also included in the ration. ...

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Strategies for Achieving Sustainable Built Environment

23 Mar 2015 15 Dec 2017

8 (2,843 )

Energy constraint and global warming are becoming the key challenges encountered by the world today. Major amount of energy is being used by the building sector for achieving comfortable thermal conditions. Fifty per cent of energy consumption is due to buildings. (Melet, n.d., p.06). Demand for Energy is increasing rapidly. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) in its (IEO, 2011) International Energy Outlook 2011: states that world ...

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Causes and Effects of Climate Change Essay

18 May 2017 14 Dec 2017

4 (1,412 )

Keywords: climate change, global warming, biodiversity The earth climates nowadays is changing very rapidly and differently. Besides that, the climate changes in our earth are affecting our lives psychologically, physically and emotionally. What is climate change? Climate change is the seasonal changes for a long period of time in the world. These climate patterns play an important role in shaping natural ecosystems, and the human economies and ...

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Climate Change Essay

17 May 2017 14 Dec 2017

3 (1,000 )

Keywords: climate change, global warming, greenhouse gases Climate change in the world can be caused by various activities. When climate change occurs; temperatures can increase a dramatically. When temperature rises, many different changes can occur on Earth. For example, it can result in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. Oceans and glaciers have also experienced some changes: oceans ...

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Global Refining Margins Will Remain Low

02 Nov 2017

9 (9 )

CHAPTER 4 Global refinery throughput and utilization dipped from the third quarter of 2008 and remained low until the third quarter of 2009. Decreased petroleum product demand in the major consuming markets, especially the US, affected refinery throughputs globally. The major reason has been the commissioning of new refineries in countries like India, China, Vietnam, ...

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The Trash Fields And Flooding

02 Nov 2017

8 (8 )

1.0 Introduction 1.1 What is plastic? 1.1.1 Thermosets 1.1.2 Thermoplastics 2.0 The origins of plastics 2.1Parkestine 2.2 Celluloid 2.3 Bakelite 2.4 Cellophane 2.5 Polyethylene 2.6 Nylon 2.7 Liquid crystal polymer 3.0 Problems associated with plastics 3.1 Production Problems 3.2 Landfill Disposals 3.2.1 Wildlife Deaths 3.3 Marine Pollution 3.3.1 Marine deaths 3.3.2 Trash Fields and Flooding ...

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What Is Sustainable Or Green Buildings

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

Construction industry plays a significant role in providing social and economical development to the society as its one of the largest business sectors. For instance in U.S nearly 7.3 million people are working in the construction industry that's nearly 5% of the population and same for most of the world's largest countries (Statistics USA, ...

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Transition Probabilities Across Firm Categories

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

The content of this will form the backbone of the research’s methodology. The book provides insights into the methods and techniques of conducting methodological and systematic research. Thomas L. Friedman, The World is Flat: A brief History of the Twenty-first Century, 2005. The author of this book uses the concept of a worldwide level playing ...

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Stikine River And Effects On The Estuary

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Abstract In this paper we will explore the Stikine River estuary and how the Galore Creek Project could affect its ecosystem. This mine could have potentially devastating effects on both the communities of Petersburg and Wrangell. The species that are reared in the Stikine River drive the economies of these towns, the main commodity being ...

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Cruise Vacation Or Coral Reef

02 Nov 2017

7 (7 )

Sustainability in Hospitality Industry: HMD 376D Instructor: A. Prof. Dr Madeleine Cheah Hevera Name: Tan Wei Ming, Lyon Class: Rebel 14 Email: [email protected] Contact No.:+65 9430 1418 lyon_tan_88:Desktop:UNLVSing.jpg Cruise Vacation or Coral Reef Sustainability in Hospitality Industry: HMD 376D 1. Executive Summary The growing multi-billion industry of cruise lines is a great way for vacation ...

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Low Pressure Drip Irrigation Techniques

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

INTRODUCTION Agricultural water administration can help to tumbling starvation and scarcity in the emergent world. It reimburses both rural and urban poor. But most developing countries lack the capability to enable their farmers, smallholders and other stakeholders to utilize the technologies offered and to apprehend the remuneration of irrigation. IPTRID is an autonomous multi-donor trust-fund ...

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Pak Arab Refinery Limited Company

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Research will be Qualitative and exploratory in nature. Data will be collected through primary and secondary sources. Procedure The information of industry practices will be collected through secondary resources, it will assist in identifying practices in petroleum downstream sector. Afterwards data will be further explore through direct contact with industry practitioners, which will be useful ...

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The History Of Dissolved Oxygen

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Introduction A lot of research is happening all around the world on rapid urbanization of cities in the last two decades. The research is mainly focused on the rate of growth of such cities and availability of natural resources to sustain the growth (Xu et al. 2002; Kraas and Nitschke 2008). Urbanization basically means increase ...

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Overview Of The Old City Of Ghadames

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

INTRODUCTION Heritage conservation is important for identifying, recording, analysing and protecting heritage and cultural resources. Conservation of heritage buildings is an important tool in city development that can be highlighted in some cities in the world. It plays an important role to define the landmark within the heritage area as well as to generate economic ...

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The Future Of Farming Is Dependent

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

Pollution in the ocean can be very harmful to marine life and also our lives. The main source of pollution is from oil ships, every year 3 million tonnes of crude oil end up in the sea. This can effect the marine environment, including the coating of birds and mammals and also the metal poisoning ...

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Urban Transport Externalities And Fiscal Tools

02 Nov 2017

5 (5 )

Introduction This chapter briefly presents the background and justification of the research, identification of the research problem and defining the research objectives. The latter part of this chapter also talks about the research methodology adopted to answer the research questions and the scope of study. Background In case of India, urban transport scenario is headed ...

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Usage Of Energy Efficient Home Appliances

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Abstract:Home appliances account for a large portion of energy usage when considering the energy consumption of a household. The investigation sets out to discover the opportunities for supplementary saving in household electricity consumption through study of use of energy efficient home appliances and behavioural physiognomies of electricity saving as applied within Indian environs. The paper ...

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The Problems Of Solid Waste Management

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

Student Name: Mang Fuk Keung SID: 52812964 Programme: Bachelor of Social Sciences (BSS3) Course: Environmental Policy Studies Course Code: SA2605 Submission Date: 3-3-2013 Literature Review 1 Citation Juliette Jowit, . "Recycling still the most effective waste disposal method, report finds " < http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/mar/16/recycling-waste-disposal >. Research Question Is recycling still the most effective waste disposal method? Background According to the important report ...

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The Physico Chemical And Microbiological

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

A lot of analytical work has been carried out on natural water bodies, both fresh water and waste water, throughout the globe and as such a voluminous literature is available on the subject . In view of the objective of the present research, a critical survey of literature was carried out to gather information on ...

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The Effect Of Concentration On Reaction Rate

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Rohan Daniel Class: 10C John Paul College http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/ac/John_Paul_College_(Brisbane)_logo.pnghttp://chemistry.skola.edu.mt/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/chemistry.jpg Instructor: Dr. Van Slyke Team Members: Rohan Daniel, Seth Gibson and Shannon Flood Table of Contents Abstract An experiment which involves marble chips (calcium carbonate) and hydrochloric acid will be conducted and analysed to observe the effect of concentration on reaction rate. It is hypothesised that ...

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The Mode Of Production

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

According to the United Nations Statistics Division (2007), 5 130km2 of the land is agricultural land. The main agricultural crops grown in Trinidad and Tobago are cocoa, coffee, rice, citrus and vegetables. These are all produced locally but are not sufficient for the demand, like rice, in which approximately 95% of its local consumption is ...

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Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

AE Adult Equivalent ANRS Amhara National Regional State FAO Food and Agricultural Organization FDRE Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia GDP Gross Domestic Product ha Hectare HARC Holeta Agricultural Research Center IAASTD International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development KCal Kilo Calorie LPM Linear Probability Model masl meter above sea level MoFED ...

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Wildlife In The Farming Environment

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

The Test Valley farm is located in Hampshire, South East England and its wildlife value consists of several components. The river Test flows trough the area and due to the presence of chalk downland the river gets its water from chalk springs with the water being clear, high in oxygen and nutrients and having a ...

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Willingness To Pay For Green Electricity

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Table of Contents 1. Title Willingness to pay for green electricity in Small Island Developing State: Mauritius 2. Background Small island developing states (SIDS) depend very heavily on imported fossil fuels for their energy needs. The high freight costs for the imports of fossil fuels, a small national fossil fuel demand and diseconomies of scale ...

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The Concepts Of Environmental Management

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

IS0 14001 is an international standard that provides guidance for the establishment and monitoring of environmental management system (EMS) implementation. It is a tool that enables organizations to achieve and systematically control their objectives aimed at resolving the environmental problem. This study investigates the relationship between ISO 14000 Environmental Management System (ISO 14000 EMS) and ...

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The Demand For Natural Gas In Ghana

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

1. INTRODUCTION The discovery of oil and gas in commercial quantities in Ghana has regenerated the hope for economic growth and development. The mining of oil in small quantities dates back to the late nineteenth century, but commercial discovery was made in 2007. [1] Currently, Ghana is gradually gaining grounds on the oil and Gas market ...

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The Convention On Biological Diversity

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

C:\Users\ABHISHEK\Pictures\NLUO logo.JPG Submitted To: Asst. Prof. Amrendra Kumar Ajit Submitted By: Tulika Pandey (2009/B.B.A.LL.B/058) Table of Contents Introduction Earth is many million years old and the only planet with life that we know of. As Earth grew older, it changed and so did the life forms on it. What we have today with us ...

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The World War Two

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

WARNING: This Essay Has No Title! NAME: HENG POOI SAN MATRIC NUMBER: BS12110194 ECO-TOWN After the catastrophe caused by the World War Two, the world population has increased dramatically and the world economy has also been improved significantly. Due to these factors, the industrial and technology development all around the world has also been stimulated. ...

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Precipitation Patterns And Subsequent Delivery Of Freshwater

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

Introduction Wetlands are ecologically very important and among the most productive ecosystems on earth. It plays a role as a carbon sink to mitigate the effects of climate change by which storing and capturing carbon (Bridgham et al. 2006). Climate change impacts to the wetland ecosystems will be caused by the effects of rising of ...

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The Leading Source Of Renewable Energy

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

"The leading source of renewable energy is hydroelectric energy. It provides more than 97% of all electricity generated by renewable sources worldwide" (Hydroelectric Power, 2009, para. 8). Electricity is produced by the strength of gravity generated by hydroelectric energy (Davinson, 2012). A dam is built to trap water usually in a valley where there ...

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The Ecological Effects Of Oil Pollution

02 Nov 2017

5 (5 )

Elexis Rupp Tye Nichols The ecological effects of oil pollution in Kuwait, following the Gulf War Introduction/background A desert is defined as an ecosystem that gets a limited amount of rain and, therefore, can support only a limited number of organisms (Cain et al. 2011). These organisms are vital, however, to the maintenance of ...

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Human Beings And Material Assets

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

15.1 INTRODUCTION Human beings and their associated material assets (physical resources in the environment, which may be either of human or natural origin) are an important element of the environment. Any potential impact on the status of human beings by the proposed Greenway Project must therefore be comprehensively assessed. The principal concern is that human ...

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The Feasibility Of Commercial Production

02 Nov 2017

5 (5 )

The conventional energy industry is being threatened by increasing production costs, diminishing marginal returns and a clamour for a shift to cleaner less carbon intensive energy sources. A significant decline in the amount of recoverable oil and conventional natural gas resources is predicted within the next few decades, sometimes referred to as a period of ...

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The Types Of Energy Resources

02 Nov 2017

6 (6 )

Introduction Energy has played a key role in the development of human society in a way by adapting to the environment which makes its use inevitable. Development of energy resources therefore becomes essential for agriculture, transportation, communication and other related industries in order to achieve the benchmarks of a developed society. Energy is often related ...

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Preserving Of The Embodied Energy

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Conservation of heritage buildings generates very important benefits to the environment. A number of studies around the world have addressed this subject. Review of the literature revealed three main environmental benefits gained by conservation including: Reduction of hazardous materials; Preserving of the embodied energy; and Preserving of the Energy. Reduction of Hazardous Materials Heritage ...

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The Liquefied Natural Gas

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

INTRODUCTION: Energy is the lifeline of modern world. The consumption of all forms of energy is increasing with a very high pace globally, hence resulting into growing concern about the energy. Population growth, development of energy dependent technologies, rising living standards are some of the factors responsible for growth in energy consumption. With decline in ...

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Birds First Aplomado Preserve Management Plan

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Prepared by Cheryl McIntyre University of Arizona Rangeland Planning RAM 587 Introduction This management plan provides guidance for the next 10 years for the Birds First Aplomado Preserve. The plan describes the management philosophy and suggests a decision-making framework. This plan explains and analyzes three alternatives for management of the Aplomado Preserve and suggests a ...

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The Meaning Of Nanotechnology

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

INTRODUCTION 1. The nanotechnology & nano science deals with the study, assembling, characterising & manipulating matter on the scale of 100-0.1 nanometres. The field entails working at molecular level as 1 nanometre (nm) i.e. one millionth of 1 millimetre and this corresponds to about 10 times the size of a hydrogen atom. 2. Quantum physics, ...

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Alternative Energy Sources Should Develop

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

Phaneendra.Madala Fairleigh Dickinson University Abstract The electricity sector in British Columbia has played a significant role in the economic life of the country. BC has several resources to produce energy mainly the energy is produced from Hydro, Biomass, Natural gas and Diesel. BC Hydro is the main electric distributor, serving 1.8 million customersin most areas. ...

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Meaning Of Hotel Industry

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Introduction : Hotel means friendly and generous reception and service to the guest. Hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging, food, drink, facilities for a short term period. Few years ago a most widely accepted where catering industry are all operations which were involved in tourist leisure. Some hotels are built up with trees ...

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He Us Clean Air Act

02 Nov 2017

9 (9 )

Generally air pollution occurs in two forms known as outdoors or indoors air pollution and this is usually caused naturally or by human activities. Outdoor air pollution is of major concern in both urban and rural areas of developed countries and developing countries. However, it should be noted that a different mix or air pollution ...

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Sustainability In The Hospitality Industry

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Topic: Making ‘Green’ Aviation A Reality Instructor: A Prof. Dr. Madeleine Cheah Hevera Prepared by: Cheong Chee Hao, Kenneth 20037768 (NSHE ID) [email protected], +65 9231 4748 Rebel 14 25 April 2013 Executive Summary Saint Augustine of Hippo once said that "The World is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page". ...

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A Novel Technique For X Ray Spectroscopy

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

By utilising different Ross filter pairs, each with a different discrete pass band, the low energy X-ray spectrum becomes observable. This is the aim of the chapter; to determine a set of Ross filter pairs that provide high spectral resolution and a high transmittance to observe the X-ray energy range of 10 KeV - 100 ...

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Renewable Energy Strategy

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

UK government’s considerable support in renewable energy technologies starts back in 1970. Since then, UK’s energy policies have undergone many changes and improvements. Back in 1970s,wave energy cameto be mistakenly, as proved later in 1994, the most favoured technology. A relatively well funded policy to increase UK’s renewable energy capacity was made throughout the 1990s. ...

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Storage And Self Purification

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

Abstract Water Treatment has become of increasing importance in a world of limited resources (1). The quality standards required for health in the case of drinking water, or for reliability in the case of industrial process water, necessitate improved technologies for the treatment of the water before use, as well as before discharge (1). Introduction ...

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The Wind Power Will Represent An Enormous Role

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

It is essential for installation that three key components are taken into consideration. Firstly, there needs to be enough wind to keep the turbines turning to generate the electricity. Secondly, wind farms need advanced and specific technology. Moreover, the government should "create the environment that encourages growth". [2]  October 2008 is very foremost in the calendar ...

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History Of Physical Effects Of Climate Change

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

On January 19, 2005, in Kobe, Japan, global scientists agreed that climate change is "the single most important threat to the planet's survival." (Crichton 2005) An increasing group of experts concurs that the climate is changing and a main influence is being provided by human activity. Apart from this fact, another worrying hypothesis is that ...

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Communitys Source Of Energy

02 Nov 2017

6 (6 )

Student’s Name: Institutional affiliation: Community’s Source of Energy Societies should embark in using renewable source of energy because non renewable sources affect the eco-system and the environment. Most sources of energy that are used are non renewable. Transitioning of energy sources of power from non renewable sources to renewable sources is highly expensive especially ...

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Protecting Physical And Biological Resources

02 Nov 2017

9 (9 )

In recent years, there has been an increase in the use of marine spatial planning (henceforth MSPs) as a tool to protect the world’s marine and coastal environment. However there has been little research done to look into any conflicts which maybe caused through implementing these strategies, this assignment examines how these procedures may ...

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Reduce Socio Economic Effect Of Soil

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

Soil erosion as the name implies is a systematic removal of soil, including plant nutrients from the land surface by various agents of denudation that occurs in several parts of Nigeria under different geological, climatic and soil conditions. Yusuf and Ray (2011) described soil erosion as the process by which rock fragments and soil are ...

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Current And Future Prospects Of Biomass Energy

02 Nov 2017

9 (9 )

This report includes, the detail analysis of biomass energy. The advancement made in this sector and the challenges faced by all the stake holders have been thoroughly studied . In the start the basics of biomass and bio fuel is mentioned with its benefits. The process of photosynthesis for the generation and its ...

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Characteristics And Effects On The Environment

02 Nov 2017

5 (5 )

Textile processing sector is one of the most important and largest industrial sectors of Pakistan with regard to production .it alone accounts for 65% of the country’s export. There are approximately 670 mills in Pakistan of which 300 are in Karachi and rest in Punjab. Textile industry is characterized as large quantity of water consumption ...

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Wind Turbines And Wind Energy

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Table of Contents Abstract 3 Introduction 4 A Brief History of Wind Energy Technology 4 Current Wind Turbine Technology 6 Wind Power Utilization in the United States 6 Description of Wind Turbine Technology 7 Factors to Consider When Putting Up a Turbine 7 How Residential Wind Turbines Work 9 Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Turbine Technology 13 Impact on the Economy 14 Impact on Society 15 ...

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The Origins Of Sustainability

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

Sustainability or Sustainable development has been commonly defined as "Economic and social development that meets the needs of the current generation without undermining the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (WCED, 1987). This definition brought together what is now known as the three pillars of sustainable development; economic development, social development ...

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Solid Waste Pollution And Hotels

02 Nov 2017

8 (8 )

Solid Waste Pollution and Hotels & Large Scale Resorts Final Research Paper Prepared for: A. Prof. Dr. Madeleine Cheah Hevera Prepared by: Chung Ze Xiang Rebel 14 Executive Summary This final research paper will examines and provides the knowledge of solid waste pollution and how it is contributed by the hotel industry in Singapore through ...

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Analysis On Development Plans Prepared Colombo City

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Anyone who tries to analyzed and compare the plans prepared for the development of Colombo city will soon figure out that there were two kinds of development plans prepared for Colombo; the one is the issue based development planning and the other was the conceived or designed structure plans. In the first case the Colombo ...

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Assessment On Air Quality

02 Nov 2017

7 (7 )

Keka Sinha, Papita Das (Saha) Biotechnology Department, National Institute of Technology - Durgapur Abstract Air quality index (AQI) is a single value numerical expression to evaluate the quality of a given air at a particular location. The present study based on classifies the locations with different air pollution characteristics in Kolkata and further to evaluate ...

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History Of Waste Management In The Uk

02 Nov 2017

8 (8 )

History of waste management in the UK There is no definite definition for waste as this varies from one person to another, what one person is discarding or about to discard could be a valuable resource to another. Any object or substance an individual discards or intend to discard is referred to waste (Osmani, 2012), ...

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Present Scenario In The World

02 Nov 2017

6 (6 )

Introduction to e-waste: "E-waste" refers to any discarded or undesirable electronic device or Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) is categorized as universal e-waste. E-waste generally comprehends hazardous materials, predominantly lead and mercury, and is produced by households, businesses, governments, and industries. Enduring revolution in technology and upgradation, changes in media trailed by humans, falling prices of ...

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The Biotic Natural Resources

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

2.1 INTRODUCTION Materials that occur in the nature under different environmental conditions are termed as Natural Resources. They are valuable in their natural (unmodified) form and their value is determined by the amount of material that can be extracted from them and the demand for the same. Natural Resources are extracted and purified as opposed ...

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Cost And Environmental Impact

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

Module Title: Skill for Study 2 Tutor Name: Nikolay Gochev Name of Group: Group 2 Assessment Title: Final Report Assignment Title: Write a recommendation report in which you compare two water provision methods for an arid region of your choice. Consider these two methods in two requirements which is Cost and Environmental impact. Student ID ...

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The Role Of Cattle Manure

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

By Leonard Rusinamhodzi a, b,*, Marc Corbeelsc, Shamie Zingored, Justice Nyamangarae, Ken E. Gillerb aCIAT-TSBF Harare, Box MP228 Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe bPlant Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 430, 6700 AK, Wageningen, The Netherlands cCIRAD-Annual Cropping Systems C/O Embrapa-Cerrados Km 18, BR 020 - Rodovia Brasília/Fortaleza,Planaltina, DF Brasil dInternational Plant Nutrition Institute – ...

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The Elements Of Concern In Wastewater

02 Nov 2017

9 (9 )

1School of Civil Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia 2Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Salahaddin–Erbil, Iraq Corresponding Author: [email protected] ABSTRACT The nitrogen removal from wastewater and landfill leachate has become a vital part of the overall treatment process because nitrogen compounds have the significant impact on ...

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The History Of The Radioactive Pollution

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

The radioactive pollution is defined as the physical pollution of atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere byemissions from radioactive materials. Certain materials possess the ability to emit the alpha, beta and gamma rays. Those materials are called radioactive elements. The sources of radiations can be natural or manmade.Radioactive wastes arethose wastes containing radioactive material, usually by-products of ...

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The Crude Oil Pretreatment

02 Nov 2017

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A. CRUDE OIL PRETREATMENT (DESALTING) Crude oil often contains water, inorganic salts, suspended solids, and water-soluble trace metals. As a first step in the refining process, to reduce corrosion, plugging, and fouling of equipment and to prevent poisoning the catalysts in processing units, these contaminants must be removed by ...

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Biofuels For Sustainable Development

02 Nov 2017

3 (3 )

INTRODUCTION Background Natural resources such as coal, petroleum and natural gas take thousands of years to form naturally and cannot be replaced as fast as they are consumed. Eventually, fossil-based resources will become too costly to harvest and humanity will need to shift its reliance to other sources of energy. At present, the main energy ...

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Terrorist Attacks Region Wise

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

"The establishment of NCTC is not a State versus Centre issue but will work as a vehicle of country's combined efforts to curb terrorism". -Prime Minister Manmohan Singh [1]  1. The data for the study was collected through various sources to analyse the efficacy of NCTC. Quantitative analysis of data was carried out for generation of results. ...

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Waste Generation In India

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

"There was no ways of dealing with it that haven’t been known for thousands of years. These ways are essentially four: dumping it, burning it, converting it into something that can be used again, and minimizing the volume of material goods – future garbage – that is produced in the first place," wrote William Rathje, ...

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The History Of Natural Ventilation

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

‘’ we need a system that allows the traditional way of cooperation to work in our society. We must subject technology and science to the economy of the poor and penniless. We must add the aesthetic factor because the cheaper we build the more beauty we should add to respect man’’ Hassan Fathy One ...

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The Kobuk Selawik Estuarine System

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

A Management Plan for Sheefish in the Kobuk-Selawik Estuarine System Abstract Sheefish, a large gray fish from the whitefish family, are crucial to the lives of Alaskan Native peoples. These fish are common in northwest Alaska in the Kobuk-Selawik Estuary (KSE) and spend the majority of their lives within this estuary. With upcoming development ...

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The Regional Pollution Control

02 Nov 2017

1 (1 )

Pako Manufacturing Company manufactures building materials ranging from cement, iron rods, roofing sheets and blocks. The company was registered in 1943 with on one manufacturing unit. Currently, the company has nine (9) manufacturing units in fifteen (15) countries and an annual income of 15 billion dollars. PMC is committed to creating a healthy and safe ...

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Massive Burden Cost Of Waste Disposal

02 Nov 2017

4 (4 )

In fact, nuclear energy is constituted as an unacceptable hazard. The consequences are extremely serious even though the opportunities of a nuclear accident happening are very small especially building the nuclear power plant in this small-sized island ─ Hong Kong. Furthermore, a serious nuclear accident occurred on 26th April, 1986 ─ Chernobyl disaster. After the ...

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Early Traditional Town In Malaysia

02 Nov 2017

2 (2 )

CHAPTER 1 The development of Kuala Lumpur starting from squatters and continued to develop into urban development. Job opportunities in Kuala Lumpur increasing cause more people moved into the city. It is because this place in urban set up so it became a people choice to live in Kuala Lumpur. In line with a rapid ...

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Soil Physical Degradation Due To Drip Irrigation

02 Nov 2017

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UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULURE,FAISALABAD DEPARTMENT OF:STRUCTURES & ENVIROMENTAL ENGINEERING. Synopsis For M.Sc (Hons.) Nameof Student: Uzair Shaqat. Registration Number: 2011-ag-535. ABSTRACT Pakistan is a country in which these ...

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The Ecosystem Of Berners Bay

02 Nov 2017

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Abstract The ecosystem of the Berners Bay estuary is closely tied to the health of four species of forage fish: Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi), eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus), capelin (Mallotus villosus), and sand lance (Ammodytes hexapterus). We introduce the Berners Bay ecosystem and establish the crucial roles of these species in maintaining its extraordinary diversity and ...

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The Uk Contributed To Increased Waste Production

02 Nov 2017

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It’s fair to say that in 2013 the UK as a whole takes a lot for granted, compared to other countries, it is only in recent years that we have really started to see the impact that our habits are having on the planet. Over the years we have abused the resources that are on ...

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The Energy White Paper Of 2003

02 Nov 2017

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The Energy White Paper of 2003 presented the UK government's new energy policy which would consolidate that ''energy, the environment and economic growth are properly and sustainably integrated''. To begin with, taking into account the fact that Energy is a very long term investment, the achievement of any goals was set to the checkpoint of ...

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Climate Change Situation In Thailand

02 Nov 2017

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Meteorological forecasts on the future air temperature in Thailand show that the maximum temperature will increase in many parts across the country. The Southeast Asia START Regional Center investigated the future climate in Thailand using the PRECIS (Providing Regional Climates for Impact Studies) model and the global dataset of ECHAM4, the model simulation of ...

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Waste Disposal Methods And Its Impacts

02 Nov 2017

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1 Introduction Tourism industry can have both positive and negative impacts on tourist destinations. Benefits include economic activity and employment opportunities. Negative impacts include deterioration of finite natural resources, and contribution to existing problems, such as increasing quantities of solid waste. Since tourism activities are linked to the characteristics of the setting, businesses in the tourism ...

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The Vernacular System And Scientific System

02 Nov 2017

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There are many soil classification systems. There are two major systems are the vernacular system and scientific system. Vernacular system is developed by land users. For example, in vernacular system soil can be categorized as red soil, black soil, yellow soil, hot soil, etc. In scientific system the soil can be categorized according to the ...

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Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches In Malaysia

02 Nov 2017

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ABSTRACT Generally, biogas can be produced by using different types of raw material such as palm oil mill effluent, empty fruit bunches, paddy straw, cow manure and etc. In this project, empty fruit bunches are selected as the raw material for the production of biogas. As the empty fruit bunches from a mill is incinerated ...

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The Winter Use In Yellowstone National Park

02 Nov 2017

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Cheryl McIntyre GEOG 596m – Making the Connection between Science and Decision Making Case Study: Winter Use in Yellowstone National Park The National Park Service (NPS) faces many challenges in trying to meet its mission to "conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the ...

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A Hybrid Solar Biomass Power Plant

02 Nov 2017

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Abstract Purpose Energy security is a major concern for India and many rural areas remain un-electrified. Thus, innovations in sustainable technologies to provide energy services are required. Biomass and solar energy in particular are resources that are widely available and underutilised in India. This paper provides an overview of a methodology that was adopted for ...

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The Concept Of Solar Power

02 Nov 2017

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Abstract Solar Power is bequest for contemporary natural environment and preferred by global populace as escalating carbon emission problems come up with burning fossil fuels. This energy form is broadly used in developing countries because it is profuse and it can improve the situation in countryside.(Gustavsson, 2007) Solar Power provides security to future energy conservation ...

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Solar Energy Is The Way To The Future

02 Nov 2017

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The dilemma we are currently encountering in the 21st century is the depletion of natural resources such as fossil fuels. This issue warrants the subsequent need to find alternative energy sources to replace them. Over the past few years we have seen a great deal of investment in companies dealing with the development of ...

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Green Versus Industry Lobby

02 Nov 2017

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Introduction Although the proponents of GM crops promote the beautiful advantages of these crops to poor undeveloped/ developing regions; the undesirable effects are often left spoken. Many factors combine to …ethical issues, health implication on consumers, the role of capitalism and if GM crops can be pro-poor, and finally the effects on farmers who are ...

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Carbon Tax In Australia

02 Nov 2017

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NAME: SANDEEP SINGH SIDHU STUDENT ID: 12769674 SUBJECT: CURRENT BUSINESS ISSUES Contents:- INTRODUCTION........................................................................2 2. ECONOMIC THEORY.......................................................2-3 3. IMPACTS OF CARBON TAX............................................................3-5 4. IMPLEMENTATIONS............................................................. 5 5. OTHER TYPES OF TAXES ........................................................5-6 6. CONCLUSION……………………..............…………………..6 7. REFERNCES…………………………………………….7 INTRODUCTION Carbon tax is an environmental taxon emissions of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxideis considered to be a heat-trapping"greenhouse" gas,and the purpose of ...

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Lack Of Information Related To Energy

02 Nov 2017

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Chapter 6 This chapters highlights some of the common obstacles facing by the urban poor in achieving to different energy services. Besides, barrier specific good practices i.e. successful policies/initiatives that have supported energy access for the urban poor has also been collected and complied. In order to understand the barriers faced by suppliers for promoting ...

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Defination Of Urban Agriculture

02 Nov 2017

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Urban agriculture has been described as an edible landscape of green in a concrete-dominated urban world (Lawson, 2005). It has existed since the dawn of the city itself, and continues to serve many functions in today‘s metropolises. There are several ways to produce food in an urban setting—some private, some public, some institutional—and innovative technological ...

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Sustainable Development By The Brundtland Commission

02 Nov 2017

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With reference to the definition of sustainable development by the Brundtland Commission (1987), analyse the important concepts/issues raised during the lectures and classify them into economic, environmental and social. A table is sufficient for this task. Alternatively, you may prefer to go through the synoptic exercise conducted after each lecture and highlight points according to ...

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Effects Of Global Warming

02 Nov 2017

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There have been many effects of global warming. As we know, global warming is caused by human activities such as open burning, deforestation and developing of industrial area. Global warming will directly and indirectly influence human health. Directly affect human health includes asthma, cardiovascular diseases and heat stress. However, indirectly affect human health includes some ...

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What Is The Meaning Of Rare Earth

02 Nov 2017

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Table of Contents What is the meaning of rare earth? Rare earth metals or rare earth elements (REE) are as a cluster of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides and more yttrium and scandium. Yttrium and scandium are considered rare earth elements since they incline to occur in the identical ...

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Expected Energy Savings By Current Policies

02 Nov 2017

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Table 1: Policy Measures in the Residential Sector and their Impacts [6]. 9 Table 2: Expected energy savings by current policies [5] 9 Abstract Energy consumption in the domestic sector will play a key role to the future economic development in both developed and developing countries. A determining factor for reduced energy consumption in households will be ...

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The Capacity Of Households And Communities

02 Nov 2017

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Abstract Improved water and sanitation environment in terms of availability of hygienic sanitation facilities and provision of quality and affordable water is essential and also a basic necessity of every human society. Improved water and sanitation environment is therefore a prerequisite for improved health and nutrition, since both are linked directly and indirectly. Various studies ...

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Before Union Energy Resources

02 Nov 2017

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INTRODUCTION United Arab Emirates sometimes simply called Emirates or UAE, an Arab country located in southeast of Persian Gulf and sharing its border with other countries like Saudi Arabia, Iran, Oman and Qatar. Its federation of seven Emirates each of which is ruled by its hereditary Emir and select one person as member of federation.The ...

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The Fossil Fuel Dilemma

02 Nov 2017

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Our lives are connected to the climate. Human societies have adapted to the relatively stable climate we have enjoyed since the last ice age which ended several thousand years ago. A warming climate will bring changes that can affect our water supplies, agriculture, power and transportation systems, the natural environment, and even our own health and ...

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