The Transcendental Movement: History and Concepts

16 Apr 2018

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The Transcendental Movement centered on thriving to discover the age-old philosophical question: What exactly is the true meaning of life? In order to find an answer, Transcendentalists focused on five main beliefs. They were individualism, nature, anti-materialism, intuition, and the quest to find the truth of existence (Gura). Notably, the Movement lured in famous names such as authors Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, and ...

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Biography of Chanakya (Kautilya)

16 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION “The extraordinary thoroughness of Kautilyas’s work, its eminent inductiveness and practical character, its unflinching logic, heedlessness of adventitious moral or religious standard and its wide range of subjects and interests gave it a unique combination of features..”[1] -D.R.Bhandarkar In Indian history, the centuries to come and that passed by, are recorded many great persons and legendary characters who shaped time through their extraordinary deeds and ...

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Theories of Temperament: An Overview

16 Apr 2018

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The literal meaning of personality springs from the Latin word ‘persona’, the mask employed by roman theatre actors. personality refers to our characteristics ways in which of responding to people and things. Personality is characterised by the subsequent features:- it has both physical and psychological parts. Its expression in terms of behavior is fairly distinctive in an exceedingly given individual. Its main options don't simply ...

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Reflection on the Concept of Knowledge

29 Mar 2018

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“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Satyajith Botcha Plato’ once said, “Knowledge is a justified, true belief.” [1]It’s not just systematic organization of facts, but what an individual deems true and invests faith in. When we talk about knowledge being “discarded,” does it mean that it’s nullified ...

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Impact of Aristotle on Education

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Aristotle Education and Plato Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. Aristotle's way of life reflected the way he thought and what he wrote for people to view and educate upon today. He has many philosophies that are brought right into the classroom today without anyone knowing they ...

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Is Any Version of the Identity Theory of Mind Acceptable?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Identity theory argues that the mind is identical to the brain and that mental events are identical to brain events, ultimately the theory enlightens materialism in that everything is physical and to further precision it enlightens material monism in believing that only material substances and their states exist (K. T. Maslin, 2007, 65). To some extent it exemplifies physicalism that humans are fully material beings that can ...

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Critique of Sexual Difference | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Sexual Difference Representation Explain how and why the critique of sexual difference intersected with a (postmodern) critique of representation in the later 1970s and early 1980s. Consider why photography had an important role and the significance of image-text relationship in this type of practice. As Craig Owens states in his paper ‘The Discourse of Others: Feminists and Postmodernism’ (Owens, 1983), the 1970s and 80s saw a coming ...

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Positive Effects of Eating Fruit

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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If you think about it, its logical for the human body to consume food that contains as much water as the body itself. The nutrition that meets that requirement is fruit. There is no other food than fruit on this planet that contains on average 80% water. Vegetables also contain a lot of water and are therefore second best. Fruit is 100% bad-cholesterol free No doubt about ...

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An Ethical Evaluation of Product Placement

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Product placement is the way in which brands are placed into non-advertising media like computer games, books, popular songs and stage plays for e.g. sponsored animations for the promotion of Cadbury's chocolate placed in the UK TV soap 'Coronation Street' after the opening titles and after and before the commercial breaks; this is affecting the children and luring them to buy the Cadbury chocolate because small children ...

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Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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All the Interesting People are Missing in Heaven - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche born on October 15, 1844 in Röcken bei Lützen, Prussian Saxony he was a German philosopher most credited for his brash criticism about religion and the role in played in society and mortality. What makes Fredrick controversial by even today’s standards is so many people see him as a mad man ...

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Philosophical Concepts: What is real?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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What is real? Philosophy We live in a Universe that is infinitely enormous, upon a planet that plays home the only existing life forms that we know of. In the movie; The Matrix, our world is nothing more than a mere computer program, run through our brains while the world deteriorates from within. How can we ever know, that this is not happening to us at this ...

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Marx and Epicurus Theories of a Happy and Meaningful Life

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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What is the picture of the 'point' of human life implicit in Marx's discussion of "alienation", and how does this picture contrast with the views of Epicurus? Explain which of the two views you find more plausible and why. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the contrasting views of Marx and Epicurus for a happy and meaningful life, and ultimately support the view of Marx ...

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The Development of a Moral Character

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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A Virtuous Moral Character The development of a moral character is an intellectual topic that has been argued for many years. Many philosophers have argued the point of their existence with the perplexity of this subject. This has allowed the philosophers to approach this topic in various ways. These philosophers are Aristotle (in the Nicomachean Ethics), Confucius (in Analects) and Plato (in Apology, Phaedo). To analyze these ...

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Differences of Truth in Mathematics, Ethics and Art

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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The rational mind's profound and abstract speculations since time immemorial has been the nature of truth, a deeply rooted philosophical conundrum[1], whose thought itself has revolutionized the realistic value possessed by the areas of knowledge. Truth itself preoccupies a substantial role in our daily conversations, but its multi-dimensional nature has perplexed even the most profound thinkers like Plato and Aristotle as well as recent philosophers who have ...

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Ethics of Physician Assisted Suicide

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Should we be allowed to take our own lives? In many cultures ancient and not so ancient suicide has been seen as the best option in certain circumstances.  Cato the Younger committed suicide rather than live under Caesar.  For the Stoics there was nothing necessarily immoral in suicide, which could be rational and the best option (Long 1986, 206).  Conversely, in the Christian tradition, suicide has largely ...

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Method of Doubt by Descartes

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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René Descartes, the father of modern philosophy, adopted the method of doubt to reach the truth. Descartes' philosophical attitude started in his youth when he realized that he had been accepting many false opinions for true. He wanted to get rid of all the opinions that he had accumulated over the years. Descartes wanted to build a foundation on which all further intellectual enquiries could be built. ...

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Impacts of the Pornography Industry

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Critically assess the case that the products of the contemporary pornography industry are both a cause of violence and discrimination directed against women and also ‘intrinsically harmful’. It is not the purpose of this essay to defend the contemporary pornography industry which to this day remains a ‘dirty’ and -to a large extent- a male-dominated, exploitative business, but rather to understand the reasons behind this sad reality. ...

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Analysis of Learning Styles and Theories

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Section A Part 1: Who I am as a learner? What is learning style? According to Honey and Mumford's learning style questionnaire (1992) learning is seen as a continuous cycle in which a person has a learning experience, reviews the experience, concludes from that experience and plans the next step. A person's preferences for one or more of the stages of the learning cycle translate into strengths ...

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The Meaning of Life through Subjectivity

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Humans are subjective because despite trying to stop affecting world that they are a part of, they are changing it. This relationship, which causes a change in the world through action, changes any objective view into a subjective one because they are influencing what a pure observer cannot. By trying to simply stop 'doing' and merely observe, people attempt to reach a state of pure objectivity. This, ...

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Yin and Yang - The Theory of Opposite Forces

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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You may have heard of yin and yang and wondered what exactly they mean and how the theory explains how they work. Yin and yang are basically the meaning of opposite factors. There are two basic concepts associated with the theory of yin and yang: The difference of opposite factors in any system The relationships that exist between these forces. Yin and yang ...

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Principles of Feng Shui

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Feng shui is an ancient Chinese philosophy about how humans and their environments interact and have relationships. It encompasses the principle that everything has energy and is connected to everything else. It is stemmed in the belief that based on laws of nature, principles, theories and techniques we can understand how to create an environment that allows us to be in harmony and balance. It also can ...

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Carl Schmitt: the Concept of the Political

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The tradition of the oppressed teaches us that the ‘state of emergency’ in which we live is not the exception but the rule. We must attain to a conception of history that is in keeping with this insight. Then we shall clearly realize that it is our task to bring about a real state of emergency (Benjamin: 1999:248) The pinnacle of great politics is the moment in ...

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Brain in a Vat Theory by Hilary Putnam | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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In Hilary Putnam's Brain-in-a-vat (BIV) example, a world exists in which brains, a neuroscientist, a supercomputer running simulations of brains contained in a vat, and the vat itself are the only objects. These items have either always existed or appeared completely randomly with each item in the same state (i.e. computers running simulations, brains are in vats, etc.) Understanding this, imagine the following scenario: You are the ...

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Debate on the Ethics of Gun Control

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The Second Amendment to the Constitution states that, "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed [16]." The "Founding Fathers" of the United States believed that the bearing of arms was essential to the character and dignity of a free people [3]. For this reason, they wrote a ...

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"We see and understand things not as they are but as we are"

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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"We see and understand things not as they are but as we are." Discuss this claim in at least two ways of knowing. When the theory of knowledge teacher asked a student in the class to examine and describe a paper flower, he boldly described it as soft, weak and small. I also examined the same paper flower and came up with an understanding that the flower ...

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Ethical Examination of the Mortgage Meltdown

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The subprime mortgage crisis, commonly referred to as the "mortgage meltdown," unveiled itself after a sharp increase in home foreclosures beginning in 2006, which unfolded seemingly out of control by 2007. American spending declined, the housing market plunged, foreclosures continued to climb and the stock market was shaken. The subprime crisis and resulting foreclosures prompted discord among consumers, lenders and legislators all bound to one another by ...

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George Berkeley Philosophy Summary Essay

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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George Berkeley is a prominent thinker and philosopher of the 18th century which is known for his system of spiritualistic philosophy. He developed the thesis that “existence is the thing that is perceived or the one who perceives" (Berman 1995). He lived and worked in the era of the industrial revolution, technological progress and the great scientific discoveries that shed light on the nature of the world; ...

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Concepts of Classical Humanism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The citizens of ancient civilizations lived in a world where the influence of nature and the influence of its rulers minimized the common mans efforts. Confronted with this, ancient Greeks professed they had the greatest intelligence of all, saying they had the natural abilities to understand and control the world - Classical Humanism. Classical Humanism resonated in every part of Greek life. From Poets like Sophocles who's ...

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Analysis of Marxist Critiques of Liberal Capitalism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The standard litany of Marxist critiques of liberal capitalism rely on a common theme which presupposes that capitalism is fundamentally flawed and evil because it relies on a structure of exploitation, i.e., the bourgeoisie, those who own the means of production, ruthlessly exploit the proletariat, the individuals who sell their labor and do not own the means of production. Marx believed, essentially, that capitalist empires are built ...

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Criticisms of Utilitarianism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Essentially, utilitarianism holds that the correct course of action is that which will create the greatest level of happiness. Bentham called this the greatest happiness principle or the greatest felicity principle. He wrote the greatest happiness of all those whose interests are in question, as being right and proper, and only right and proper and universally desirable, end of human action. Utilitarians seek an empirical basis for ...

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The God Delusion Debate With Dawkins/Lennox

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The first main point argued by Dawkins is that the size and the complexity of the universe tempt us to think that there was a creator, a God. Science however, managed to emancipate us from explaining everything around us using the word God. Science works on answering question based on evidence. Religion uses faith to ignore the question and pushes it to God. He further argues that ...

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State of Nature in the Modern Society

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION According to John Stuart Mill "The state of nature that precedes civilization is where originality resides" [1] and "the society leaves its individuals to their own devices as long as they do not harm others." [2] But what really is the state of nature? Moreover, why this idea as it was presented by the theorists never played its real role in practice? Was the state ...

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Effects of Science on Changing Knowledge

23 Nov 2017

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“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Rhumer Culmer   Knowledge itself is “facts, information and skills acquired by a person through experience or education” (Merriam-Webster). It is the understanding of any given subject matter and can be understood either practically or rationally. Knowledge can be broken up ...

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Before The Strong Programme

02 Nov 2017

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The Strong Programme Jo Connor Introduction The strong programme has been the catalyst for many heated debates, in particular with the several philosophers of science, and sociologists. It has also been influential in the sociology of science. In this paper I will be looking at the Strong Programme, its major arguments and some criticisms of ...

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Austrian Skydiver Felix Baumgartner

02 Nov 2017

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At the moment Felix jumped from the Red Bull capsule, he was at height above the surface of the Earth of 39,045 meters. At this point, the vertical motion of the helium balloon was so slight therefore will be assumed to be effectively zero. In order to know how fast Felix accelerates when leaping from ...

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