The Transcendental Movement: History and Concepts

16 Apr 2018

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The Transcendental Movement centered on thriving to discover the age-old philosophical question: What exactly is the true meaning of life? In order to find an answer, Transcendentalists focused on five main beliefs. They were individualism, nature, anti-materialism, intuition, and the quest to find the truth of existence (Gura). Notably, the Movement lured in famous names such as authors Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, and ...

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Biography of Chanakya (Kautilya)

16 Apr 2018

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INTRODUCTION “The extraordinary thoroughness of Kautilyas’s work, its eminent inductiveness and practical character, its unflinching logic, heedlessness of adventitious moral or religious standard and its wide range of subjects and interests gave it a unique combination of features..”[1] -D.R.Bhandarkar In Indian history, the centuries to come and that passed by, are recorded many great persons and legendary characters who shaped time through their extraordinary deeds and ...

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Theories of Temperament: An Overview

16 Apr 2018

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The literal meaning of personality springs from the Latin word ‘persona’, the mask employed by roman theatre actors. personality refers to our characteristics ways in which of responding to people and things. Personality is characterised by the subsequent features:- it has both physical and psychological parts. Its expression in terms of behavior is fairly distinctive in an exceedingly given individual. Its main options don't simply ...

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Reflection on the Concept of Knowledge

29 Mar 2018

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“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Satyajith Botcha Plato’ once said, “Knowledge is a justified, true belief.” [1]It’s not just systematic organization of facts, but what an individual deems true and invests faith in. When we talk about knowledge being “discarded,” does it mean that it’s nullified ...

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Impact of Aristotle on Education

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Aristotle Education and Plato Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. Aristotle's way of life reflected the way he thought and what he wrote for people to view and educate upon today. He has many philosophies that are brought right into the classroom today without anyone knowing they ...

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Is Any Version of the Identity Theory of Mind Acceptable?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Identity theory argues that the mind is identical to the brain and that mental events are identical to brain events, ultimately the theory enlightens materialism in that everything is physical and to further precision it enlightens material monism in believing that only material substances and their states exist (K. T. Maslin, 2007, 65). To some extent it exemplifies physicalism that humans are fully material beings that can ...

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Critique of Sexual Difference | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Sexual Difference Representation Explain how and why the critique of sexual difference intersected with a (postmodern) critique of representation in the later 1970s and early 1980s. Consider why photography had an important role and the significance of image-text relationship in this type of practice. As Craig Owens states in his paper ‘The Discourse of Others: Feminists and Postmodernism’ (Owens, 1983), the 1970s and 80s saw a coming ...

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Positive Effects of Eating Fruit

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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If you think about it, its logical for the human body to consume food that contains as much water as the body itself. The nutrition that meets that requirement is fruit. There is no other food than fruit on this planet that contains on average 80% water. Vegetables also contain a lot of water and are therefore second best. Fruit is 100% bad-cholesterol free No doubt about ...

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An Ethical Evaluation of Product Placement

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Product placement is the way in which brands are placed into non-advertising media like computer games, books, popular songs and stage plays for e.g. sponsored animations for the promotion of Cadbury's chocolate placed in the UK TV soap 'Coronation Street' after the opening titles and after and before the commercial breaks; this is affecting the children and luring them to buy the Cadbury chocolate because small children ...

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Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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All the Interesting People are Missing in Heaven - Biography of Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche born on October 15, 1844 in Röcken bei Lützen, Prussian Saxony he was a German philosopher most credited for his brash criticism about religion and the role in played in society and mortality. What makes Fredrick controversial by even today’s standards is so many people see him as a mad man ...

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Philosophical Concepts: What is real?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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What is real? Philosophy We live in a Universe that is infinitely enormous, upon a planet that plays home the only existing life forms that we know of. In the movie; The Matrix, our world is nothing more than a mere computer program, run through our brains while the world deteriorates from within. How can we ever know, that this is not happening to us at this ...

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Marx and Epicurus Theories of a Happy and Meaningful Life

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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What is the picture of the 'point' of human life implicit in Marx's discussion of "alienation", and how does this picture contrast with the views of Epicurus? Explain which of the two views you find more plausible and why. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the contrasting views of Marx and Epicurus for a happy and meaningful life, and ultimately support the view of Marx ...

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The Development of a Moral Character

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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A Virtuous Moral Character The development of a moral character is an intellectual topic that has been argued for many years. Many philosophers have argued the point of their existence with the perplexity of this subject. This has allowed the philosophers to approach this topic in various ways. These philosophers are Aristotle (in the Nicomachean Ethics), Confucius (in Analects) and Plato (in Apology, Phaedo). To analyze these ...

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Differences of Truth in Mathematics, Ethics and Art

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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The rational mind's profound and abstract speculations since time immemorial has been the nature of truth, a deeply rooted philosophical conundrum[1], whose thought itself has revolutionized the realistic value possessed by the areas of knowledge. Truth itself preoccupies a substantial role in our daily conversations, but its multi-dimensional nature has perplexed even the most profound thinkers like Plato and Aristotle as well as recent philosophers who have ...

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Ethics of Physician Assisted Suicide

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Should we be allowed to take our own lives? In many cultures ancient and not so ancient suicide has been seen as the best option in certain circumstances.  Cato the Younger committed suicide rather than live under Caesar.  For the Stoics there was nothing necessarily immoral in suicide, which could be rational and the best option (Long 1986, 206).  Conversely, in the Christian tradition, suicide has largely ...

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Method of Doubt by Descartes

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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René Descartes, the father of modern philosophy, adopted the method of doubt to reach the truth. Descartes' philosophical attitude started in his youth when he realized that he had been accepting many false opinions for true. He wanted to get rid of all the opinions that he had accumulated over the years. Descartes wanted to build a foundation on which all further intellectual enquiries could be built. ...

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Impacts of the Pornography Industry

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Critically assess the case that the products of the contemporary pornography industry are both a cause of violence and discrimination directed against women and also ‘intrinsically harmful’. It is not the purpose of this essay to defend the contemporary pornography industry which to this day remains a ‘dirty’ and -to a large extent- a male-dominated, exploitative business, but rather to understand the reasons behind this sad reality. ...

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Analysis of Learning Styles and Theories

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Section A Part 1: Who I am as a learner? What is learning style? According to Honey and Mumford's learning style questionnaire (1992) learning is seen as a continuous cycle in which a person has a learning experience, reviews the experience, concludes from that experience and plans the next step. A person's preferences for one or more of the stages of the learning cycle translate into strengths ...

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The Meaning of Life through Subjectivity

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Humans are subjective because despite trying to stop affecting world that they are a part of, they are changing it. This relationship, which causes a change in the world through action, changes any objective view into a subjective one because they are influencing what a pure observer cannot. By trying to simply stop 'doing' and merely observe, people attempt to reach a state of pure objectivity. This, ...

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Yin and Yang - The Theory of Opposite Forces

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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You may have heard of yin and yang and wondered what exactly they mean and how the theory explains how they work. Yin and yang are basically the meaning of opposite factors. There are two basic concepts associated with the theory of yin and yang: The difference of opposite factors in any system The relationships that exist between these forces. Yin and yang ...

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Principles of Feng Shui

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Feng shui is an ancient Chinese philosophy about how humans and their environments interact and have relationships. It encompasses the principle that everything has energy and is connected to everything else. It is stemmed in the belief that based on laws of nature, principles, theories and techniques we can understand how to create an environment that allows us to be in harmony and balance. It also can ...

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Carl Schmitt: the Concept of the Political

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The tradition of the oppressed teaches us that the ‘state of emergency’ in which we live is not the exception but the rule. We must attain to a conception of history that is in keeping with this insight. Then we shall clearly realize that it is our task to bring about a real state of emergency (Benjamin: 1999:248) The pinnacle of great politics is the moment in ...

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Brain in a Vat Theory by Hilary Putnam | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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In Hilary Putnam's Brain-in-a-vat (BIV) example, a world exists in which brains, a neuroscientist, a supercomputer running simulations of brains contained in a vat, and the vat itself are the only objects. These items have either always existed or appeared completely randomly with each item in the same state (i.e. computers running simulations, brains are in vats, etc.) Understanding this, imagine the following scenario: You are the ...

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Debate on the Ethics of Gun Control

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The Second Amendment to the Constitution states that, "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed [16]." The "Founding Fathers" of the United States believed that the bearing of arms was essential to the character and dignity of a free people [3]. For this reason, they wrote a ...

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"We see and understand things not as they are but as we are"

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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"We see and understand things not as they are but as we are." Discuss this claim in at least two ways of knowing. When the theory of knowledge teacher asked a student in the class to examine and describe a paper flower, he boldly described it as soft, weak and small. I also examined the same paper flower and came up with an understanding that the flower ...

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Ethical Examination of the Mortgage Meltdown

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The subprime mortgage crisis, commonly referred to as the "mortgage meltdown," unveiled itself after a sharp increase in home foreclosures beginning in 2006, which unfolded seemingly out of control by 2007. American spending declined, the housing market plunged, foreclosures continued to climb and the stock market was shaken. The subprime crisis and resulting foreclosures prompted discord among consumers, lenders and legislators all bound to one another by ...

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George Berkeley Philosophy Summary Essay

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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George Berkeley is a prominent thinker and philosopher of the 18th century which is known for his system of spiritualistic philosophy. He developed the thesis that “existence is the thing that is perceived or the one who perceives" (Berman 1995). He lived and worked in the era of the industrial revolution, technological progress and the great scientific discoveries that shed light on the nature of the world; ...

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Concepts of Classical Humanism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The citizens of ancient civilizations lived in a world where the influence of nature and the influence of its rulers minimized the common mans efforts. Confronted with this, ancient Greeks professed they had the greatest intelligence of all, saying they had the natural abilities to understand and control the world - Classical Humanism. Classical Humanism resonated in every part of Greek life. From Poets like Sophocles who's ...

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Analysis of Marxist Critiques of Liberal Capitalism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The standard litany of Marxist critiques of liberal capitalism rely on a common theme which presupposes that capitalism is fundamentally flawed and evil because it relies on a structure of exploitation, i.e., the bourgeoisie, those who own the means of production, ruthlessly exploit the proletariat, the individuals who sell their labor and do not own the means of production. Marx believed, essentially, that capitalist empires are built ...

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Criticisms of Utilitarianism

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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Essentially, utilitarianism holds that the correct course of action is that which will create the greatest level of happiness. Bentham called this the greatest happiness principle or the greatest felicity principle. He wrote the greatest happiness of all those whose interests are in question, as being right and proper, and only right and proper and universally desirable, end of human action. Utilitarians seek an empirical basis for ...

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The God Delusion Debate With Dawkins/Lennox

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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The first main point argued by Dawkins is that the size and the complexity of the universe tempt us to think that there was a creator, a God. Science however, managed to emancipate us from explaining everything around us using the word God. Science works on answering question based on evidence. Religion uses faith to ignore the question and pushes it to God. He further argues that ...

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State of Nature in the Modern Society

23 Mar 2015 05 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION According to John Stuart Mill "The state of nature that precedes civilization is where originality resides" [1] and "the society leaves its individuals to their own devices as long as they do not harm others." [2] But what really is the state of nature? Moreover, why this idea as it was presented by the theorists never played its real role in practice? Was the state ...

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Effects of Science on Changing Knowledge

23 Nov 2017

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“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Rhumer Culmer   Knowledge itself is “facts, information and skills acquired by a person through experience or education” (Merriam-Webster). It is the understanding of any given subject matter and can be understood either practically or rationally. Knowledge can be broken up ...

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Before The Strong Programme

02 Nov 2017

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The Strong Programme Jo Connor Introduction The strong programme has been the catalyst for many heated debates, in particular with the several philosophers of science, and sociologists. It has also been influential in the sociology of science. In this paper I will be looking at the Strong Programme, its major arguments and some criticisms of ...

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Austrian Skydiver Felix Baumgartner

02 Nov 2017

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At the moment Felix jumped from the Red Bull capsule, he was at height above the surface of the Earth of 39,045 meters. At this point, the vertical motion of the helium balloon was so slight therefore will be assumed to be effectively zero. In order to know how fast Felix accelerates when leaping from ...

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Buddhism And Chinese Philosophical Concepts

02 Nov 2017

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Asian Philosophy Buddhism and Chinese Philosophical Concepts The word "Buddha" means "an enlightened individual." Since all individuals have the potential to attain enlightenment, logically any person can become a Buddha. Buddhism itself is a democratic and humanistic religion; all the individuals have an equal opportunity to become a Buddha. Thus, Buddhism is based on an ...

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All Reality Is Water

02 Nov 2017

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KINGSWOOD UNIVERSITY ALL REALITY IS WATER BY CAROLINA PETERS SPO # 81 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY PROFESSOR BRANSCOMBE February 8, 2013 The philosophical study and investigation of nature, constitution, and structure of reality is defined as metaphysics (ed. 1995, 563). Questions regarding the ultimate underlying element of reality have been asked for years. Heraclitus, one of ...

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Believers Of Virtues And Followers Of Rules

02 Nov 2017

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The ISTJ is described as an introverted person, sensing, thinking and judging. He is named as a duty fulfiller. In management sciences, its really worth knowing the personality types as it helps a manager to take out the maximum out of the workers. Myers Briggs personality tests help identify and categorize people into sixteen categories, ...

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A Mathematical Formalization Proposal For Business Growth

02 Nov 2017

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BăileÅŸteanu Gheorghe, Târnăveanu Diana West University of TimiÅŸoara, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, TimiÈ™oara, Romania [email protected], [email protected] Economic sciences have known a spectacular evolution in the last century; beginning to use axiomatic methods, applying mathematical instruments as a decision-making tool. The quest to formalization needs to be addressed from various different angles, reducing entry ...

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The Idea Of Justice

02 Nov 2017

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Justice is the quality of being just or fair. Justice can also be looked upon as the judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments. Justice can also be "the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, fairness, or equity"(Princeton Web 2010). Individuals may look ...

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Meaning Of Synchronicity And Effects On Our Lives

02 Nov 2017

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The concept of synchronicity was firstly introduced by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung, a thinker whose ideas are important for New Age metaphysics. If we try to indicate what Jung means by synchronicity, the shortest description would be that it is "meaningful coincidence." However, this needs a bit more explanation to learn why Jung sees ...

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The Singularity Is Near

02 Nov 2017

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Singularity describes an era of 21 century in which humanity will stand on the precinct of most transforming period in its history. The wed-lock of human and machine in which skills and knowledge embedded in our brains will be combined with much greater speed, capacity and ability of knowledge sharing. That merger is the essence of ...

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Analysing Doubt As The Key To Knowledge

02 Nov 2017

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One of the four fundamental ways of knowing is reasoning. We as rational thinkers always try to give reasons for almost all of the phenomena happening around us. From the birth of a baby to the death of an old man, and from the magnificence of the lovely red sky in the morning to the ugly ...

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What Is Euthanasia And History

02 Nov 2017

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One of the most debatable topics in today’s society is euthanasia. Euthanasia is a term derived from a Greek word meaning "happy or fortunate in death."It is the practice of putting to death people who have a painful, distressing or incurable disease or disability. It is also known as physician-assisted death, physician-assisted suicide or MERCY KILLING. ...

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Ethical Review Of Video Game Ratings

02 Nov 2017

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To begin with, for nearly two decades there have been issues raised against violent video games. Of course the main concern is that those that play violent video games, particularly youths are more prone to acts of violence such as school shootings like the one in Columbine in the late 90’s. In my short life span ...

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Are We Aliens To Some Other Race

02 Nov 2017

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How far a man thinks about this universe? How far he takes the possibilities of finding companions in the outer space :those who are not of our planet ,those may or may not be like us, those who can or cannot invade us, those who may or may not be stronger and complex like us ...

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Analysing Particle Physics And Its Models

02 Nov 2017

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Particle physics is the science of what everything we know is made of. Particle Physicists study the fundamental particles which make up all of matter, and how these particles interact with each other. Everything around us is made up of these building blocks of nature. So, what are they? In the early 1900's it was thought ...

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Applied Ethics Moral Reasoning

02 Nov 2017

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1. Moral reasoning: Our basic concern in Applied Ethics is to come to grips with some moral issues. We may reject abortion as murder, or support abortion as nothing wrong. In dealing with moral problems or defending (or rejecting) moral points of view, we offer arguments. We want our moral conclusion or view be based ...

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Abortion This Time It Is Personal

02 Nov 2017

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Mais Shewaikani ENGL 112 section 2 Dr. Ronnie Goodwin Gulf University for Science & Technology March 4, 2013 Nobody can deny that our female ancestors lived a harder life than ours. Especially when thinking of all the pain they had to face with unwanted and unexpected pregnancy. They had to deal with it and move ...

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Anton Chekovs Short Story Gooseberries

02 Nov 2017

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Two main characters of Anton Chekov’s short story ‘Gooseberries’, Ivan Ivanich and Nikolai are two brothers, both of them have very different view towards happiness. Ivan actually the narrator of this story introduces his brother Nikolai and his attitudes toward happiness which he totally disagrees. Ivan who is a veterinary surgeon by profession believes that ...

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A Virtue Ethics Perspective

02 Nov 2017

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Deontological perspective is a rules based perspective where you would determine if an action was ethical or "right" by looking at it as if it were a universal rule and asking if that is something you would want to be done on a large scale. A good accountant from a deontological perspective would think about ...

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Annotated Bibliography On Assisted Suicide

02 Nov 2017

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Name University Course Tutor Date Annotated Bibliography on Assisted Suicide Introduction Euthanasia or ‘mercy killing’ is a practice of healthcare professionals to deliberately end the life of a patient in order to safe them suffering (Devettere and Raymond 333). Clinical professional may use any convenient mean to terminate the life of a patient; the means ...

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Breaking A Promise Or Lying Is Immoral

02 Nov 2017

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Deontology is a concept that comes from the Greek language. The term is used to designate a kind of discipline that focuses on the analysis of the duties and values governed by moral. It is said that the British philosopher Jeremy Bentham (English thinker, father of utilitarianism (Houndsditch, 1748 - London, 1832)) was responsible for ...

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Can Employees Really Be Trusted

02 Nov 2017

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What are sensing mechanisms, and why are they important? / A sensing mechanism is simply the technique you use to stay on-top of any and all activities taking place in your establishment or place of business. There is a wide variety of choices when it comes to sensing mechanisms. Some leaders choose the ...

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Alvin Tan Is Now Being Held Accountable

02 Nov 2017

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The main issues that were being raised in this case was that an NUS student by the name of Alvin tan is now being held accountable for posting obscene viewing materials of himself and his girlfriend and the secondary issue is that his actions is affecting the Institute’s reputable name. Alvin tan will need to ...

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Analysis Of Platos Theory Of Knowledge

02 Nov 2017

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Many of Plato's ideas and theories were largely influenced by his mentor, Socrates, including his theories of knowledge and education. He advocates, through Socrates, the belief that knowledge is not a matter of study, learning or observation, but a matter of recollection. "We seem to find that the ideal of knowledge is irreconcilable with experience." [1] Plato's theory ...

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British Philosopher George Edward Moore

02 Nov 2017

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Moore argued that defining ‘good’ by using non-moral terms is not possible, and in turn no moral property is identical to any natural property. He argues that ‘good’ cannot be identical to any natural property as claims about identity invite an intelligible question – an ‘open question’. The argument follows that if two terms are ...

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A Guide To Critical Thinking

02 Nov 2017

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Introduction According to M. Neil Browne and Stuart M. Keeley in the book, "Asking the Right Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Tenth Edition), critical thinking is a process that begins with an argument and progresses toward evaluation. The authors define critical thinking: "as the awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions, the ability ...

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Marxs Theory Of Commodity Fetishism

02 Nov 2017

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We are surrounded by objects which have (at least potentially) the status of commodities, but what is this status and how does it relate to social life? This article will explore the most famous and influential response to this question: Karl Marx's theory of commodity fetishism. This is not a theory which exists in ...

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Awareness Of Range Of Interpretations

02 Nov 2017

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Understanding Breadth of knowledge Depth of knowledge Awareness of range of interpretations Intellectual & Cognitive Skills Identification of key issues Focus on key issues Selection of relevant material Use of sources to provide critical analysis Evidence of own assessment Argument running throughout, summarised in conclusion Transferable Skills Overall Structure Structure within paragraphs Balanced treatment of ...

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Aristotle Stagiritis Was A Greek Philosopher

02 Nov 2017

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Sr. Pg Introduction… Historical Background… 3 3. Concepts… 6 4. Contributions In Different Fields 9 5. Philosophy Of Aristotle… 13 6. Aristotle’s Logic… 14 7. Analytics and the Organon… 17 8. Aristotle’s Achievements… 18 9. Methods… 19 10. References… 23 Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) images.jpg Introduction Aristotle Stagiritis was a Greek philosopher and ...

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Role Of Responsibility Biases And Maintenance Of Ocd

02 Nov 2017

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Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that effects around 1-3 percent of the population although this is only estimation; the true prevalence is still unknown. OCD is made up of two separate components, Obsessions and compulsions, although both of these elements usually co-occur with each other. Obsessions are unwanted intolerable intrusions of thought ...

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Analysis Of Love And Hate

02 Nov 2017

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From a phenomenological perspective, in everyday life, we see the objects of our experience such as physical objects, other people, and even ideas, as simply real and straightforwardly existent. In other words, they "just there" exist along with others. We don’t question their existence: we view them as facts. [1] Our emotions, beliefs, opinions and the like ...

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Foucaults Concept Of Power And How It Informs

02 Nov 2017

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Foucault’s is known for his work in regards to institutions and how they control individuals, as well as his ideas of discourse, power/knowledge and the panopticon. In regards to power/knowledge, Foucault saw power as a series of force relations which control others and allow for the production knowledge. This knowledge collects information about individuals, which in ...

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Are Objects Just Collections Of Properties

02 Nov 2017

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The concept of objects is a prominent area of discussion within metaphysics and various theories have been proposed in order to explain the nature of objects. The notion of an object first originated with Aristotle, who considered how an object could possess varying properties and the impact this had on an object. Since then various ...

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Blind Self In The Johari Window

02 Nov 2017

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Johari Window was invented in the year 1995 by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the United States and the word ‘Johari’ is a combination of their initial names (Yen, 1999). As stated by Yen, Johari Window included information such as skills and feelings, about a person which from four perspectives. In Johari Window, the ...

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Biomedical Ethics By Beauchamp

02 Nov 2017

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The Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics by Beauchamp and Childress And Applying Them for a Given Scenario Adham R. AlArbeed MN12004 Assignment 1 Dr. Keith Cash NU (542): Ethics in Health Care The Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery February 21th, 2012 I have fully acknowledged the work of others in an appropriate ...

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Artificial Intelligence Fuzzy Logic Description

02 Nov 2017

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Dr. CHANDIKADITYA KUMAWAT ACADEMIC CO-ORDINATOR SANGAM UNIVERSITY , BHILWARA (Rajasthan) INDIA ABSTRACT The term "fuzzy logic" is rather ambiguous because it refers to problems and method that belongs to different field of investigation. it is possible to find three meaning for the expression "fuzzy logic". In its most popular acception, it refers to numerical computations ...

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Jungs Theory Concerning Personality Types And Relationship

02 Nov 2017

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Introduction The following essay looks at Jung’s different personality types and their relationship with psychological disturbances. The personality types as well as psychological disturbances will be discussed. The essay will firstly lay out the introverted and extraverted personality types. It will then define each of the four functions of thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensation, and it ...

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Analysis Of Folk Psychology

02 Nov 2017

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" The propositional attitudes of folk psychology do not constitute an unbreachable barrier to the advancing tide of neuroscience. On the contrary, the principled displacement of folk psychology is not only richly possible; it represents one of the most intriguing theoretical displacements we can currently imagine." - (ChurchLand 512) This thesis from Churland’s paper on ...

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Albert Einstein Biography Inventions

02 Nov 2017

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Number: BU/12C/BS/0443 Group: 14 Course: History of ideas, science and society 2. INTRODUCTION An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. It may also be an improvement upon a machine or product, or alternate means of achieving a process. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result may be ...

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Are Men Able To Know God

02 Nov 2017

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Does God exist? Everybody at least once in his life has tried to find an answer to that question. Some of the smartest people of human kind spend their whole life looking for an answer. They all had different thoughts, but the all realized that they can only try to find an answer by natural ...

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What Way Did Philosophy Of Plato Influence Psychology

02 Nov 2017

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In the ideals and methods of today’s psychological medicine, the general psyche of the human mind has been influenced by historical and cultural forces, and various perspectives through time. Philosophers such as Plato has developed many methods and types of thoughts in understanding the human psyche that has greatly influenced the many defined concepts of psychology ...

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Looking At Christian Morals Through Kieslowskis Choice

02 Nov 2017

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Assignment Proposal For the purpose of this assignment I shall look into detail the choice of shots and characters with particular reference Decalogue One and Decalogue Two. Moreover, I shall discuss some of kieslowski’s shots, camera movement, editing and iconography. Whilst keeping all the above mentioned points in mind I tend to examine further Kieslowski’s reference ...

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An Inquiry Into The Good

02 Nov 2017

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Kitaro Nishida. An Inquiry into the Good. Yele University Press New Haven and London, 1921, 1987. 184pp + xxxiv. ISBN 0-3000-05233-2. For me, this is a great book to look at philosophy in a way philosophy is indicating an existential, religiously oriented discipline. Nishida dissatisfied with Western philosophical expressions of pure experience with three reasons. ...

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Can Machines Think Like Humans

02 Nov 2017

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Trevin Trevino PHIL 201: Introduction to Philosophy; Short Paper #1 February 28, 2013 It has wires, microchips, cooling fans, infinite amount of memory, software, and endless possibilities of improvement. Technology is the subject matter of which I’m explaining. With that said these technologies can range from computers to robots and anything in between. ...

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Authority Gives Birth To The Most Corrupt People

02 Nov 2017

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Sarah khan Topic:Corruption sarah.khan [Pick the date] CORRUPTION OUTLINE : 1.Introduction : Corruption is something like being unjust and unfair to one’s profession or doing something illegal for personal benefit. 2. The Different Scales Of Corruption : a. Petty Corruption. b. Grand Corruption. c. Systematic Corruption. 3. The Different Sectors Or Fields Where Corruption Is ...

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Aristotles Nicomachean Ethics Book

02 Nov 2017

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Bethany Little Professor Johnson Structured Reading Structured Reading Assignment: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Book. I Overall Summary: The dialogue centers on the statement from the Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics that "All Humans Endeavors are target toward an end which is good." Aristotle also uses the dialogue to center on two questions of what constitutes happiness in our lives ...

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Are Science And Religion In Conflict

02 Nov 2017

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Tammy Chavez PHI 208 Ethics and Moral Reasoning David Tredinnick January 21, 2013 Are Science and Religion in Conflict? Science and religion have been at odds over what is accepted through faith and church dogma. These two disciplines, which for centuries have long been debated, are coming to terms through a better understanding of history ...

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Contribution By Introspection To Development Of Psychology

02 Nov 2017

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Science, in general terms is seen as a way of thinking about and observing the universe that leads to a deep understanding of its workings. This happens through empirical methods, such as observations and experiments (Stanovich 2004). Modern-day psychologists often take reference from a scientific framework described by Karl Popper. His framework and ideas have always ...

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Theory Of Special Relativity

02 Nov 2017

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Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who discovered the theory of general relativity and the one who bring in a new revolution in physics through his life time. Albert Einstein is often known as the father of modern physics where he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his involvement to theoretical physics and ...

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Living In The Real And The Ideal

02 Nov 2017

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Immanuel Kant has said, "Out of such crooked timbers man was made, nothing entirely straight can be fashioned." People live in this world and they are continually faced with tension between the two worlds, namely the real world and an ideal one. The real world with all its atrocities seems to be not a very pleasant ...

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Asean And Nus Scholar

02 Nov 2017

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Q1. Identify the main issues raised in this case. I have identified four main issues raised in this case. Firstly, whether Alvin Tan’s actions are morally acceptable, especially in the Asian context? Secondly, as an ASEAN and NUS scholar, should Alvin Tan be held to a higher moral standard? Thirdly, whether the disciplinary action taken ...

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Arguments From The Theistic Side And The Rebuttals

02 Nov 2017

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This second chapter of three scattered in this book will focus on the more complex so-called ‘logical’ arguments theists have for the existence of God. In the following chapters we will look at more interesting themes see what questions theists have for us…….. and we’ll try to answer them. Intelligent design - a ‘designer’ created the ...

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A Defence On Abortion

02 Nov 2017

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Thomson begins her paper by contesting that the fetus’s right to life outweighs the woman’s bodily rights. Using the example of a violinist, who without your permission, is hooked to you for his survival, Thomson shows that although disconnecting him would result in his death, it would not be morally incorrect. This parity argument can ...

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A Model To Explain Self Awareness

02 Nov 2017

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The size of Johari Window can be change base of the knowledge of ourselves and others towards us. Moving on open area, some call it as free area because all people know things about us for example our behaviors, attitudes, feelings, knowledge and skill. For example, Jack is an actor and he knows he is ...

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Redifining Human Rights Oshos Vision

02 Nov 2017

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While speaking on The Declaration of Human Rights, Osho has exposed it as a political device to maintain man in his current state of physical and psychological slavery, and to ensure that he remains ignorant of his true potential for godliness.(1) According to Osho, we are living in a society which is hypocrite. The politicians, the ...

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An Enlightened Individual

02 Nov 2017

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Most of Chinese Philosophy originates from the springs, autumn and the military states periods. "Hundred Schools of Thought" was a known period, which was distinguished by major cultural and intellectual developments (Yu-Lan, 7). In Chinese thought, everybody has the potential to become a god. Moral heroes are not only respected or adored in the ordinary ...

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Communicative Construction Of Social Reality

02 Nov 2017

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Nowadays social system is under institutional transformation due to the development of modern technologies, i.e. due to process of mediatization. All aspects of modern reality (religion, politics, everydayness etc.), in comparison with earlier ritually ordered times, are functioning in communicative way (specifically, in "media logic"). According to that, communicative practices must be understood as new institutions ...

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Taking A Broader View Abstraction And Idealization

02 Nov 2017

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Martin Stokhof and Michiel van Lambalgen (S&vL, for short) are addressing an important methodological issue concerning the way modern linguistics constructs its proper objects, the appropriate scientific criteria for characterizing the success or failure of this project, and the role of naturalism in modern linguistics. In the understanding of S&vL, the term ‘modern linguistics’ is quasi-synonymous ...

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Accept A Natural Or Human Science Claim

02 Nov 2017

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Taking into account the different methods of justification to what extent can we accept a natural or human science claim with the evidence being provided being reliable/unreliable or the claim being dismissed without the provision of evidence. Perception and reasoning play a key role in human sciences and natural sciences, especially when it comes to ...

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A Little Shot Never Hurt Anyone

02 Nov 2017

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You’re looking at a muscle fitness magazine and as you flip through each page you see more and more of these massive guys and the only thing you can think about is being just like them. It isn’t a mystery to anyone how their muscles became so enlarged, and the only thing stopping you ...

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Believing Where We Cannot Prove

02 Nov 2017

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Introduction Science needs to be emphasized fully in this world. Without science we would be unable to see the advances in knowledge. Scientific theories need their validation by consequence observations. Philip Kitcher makes a dual task in this part of the paper. Philip Kitcher is the defender of the evolutionary science and also elaborates the characteristics ...

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Anxiety A Philosophical And Psychological Probe

02 Nov 2017

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Introduction Being discussed the anxiety in general terms let us try to understand Anxiety in a philosophical and psychological frame work. We will look into this by going through the concepts like original sin, the relationship between individual and race etc. Is it Adam alone responsible or the whole human race is participating in the ...

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Applying A Dictum To Aristotles Philosophy

02 Nov 2017

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"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it." – Aristotle, (384-322 BC) To apply this dictum to Aristotle’s philosophy itself, one should aim to reflect critically upon his thought, without necessarily accepting or applying them in our lives. In that vein, this paper argues that there ...

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The Problem Of Evil Cannot Be Solved

02 Nov 2017

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Evil is a problem, not because there is evil in the world or that there is so much of it in the world. The problem is not found in the lack of balance between good and evil in the world. The problem comes from the fact that if there is a deity that is ...

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Should Homosexuals Be Allowed To Marry Legally

02 Nov 2017

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I have been giving up on watching the news in Southern California, right now the biggest news is propation 8 which is all wrapped around gat marriage. With me being a very proud lesbian, I sit on the side of why not? And who is it bothering on who marries who. I really don’t understand why ...

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Are We What They Want Us To Be

02 Nov 2017

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Have you ever gone to the market looking for some basic supplies and come back home with three times more things than those that you needed at the beginning? Even more, when you realize that you bought a lot more, you tend to think that actually all those products were the ones that you really needed. ...

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Aldous Huxleys Book Brave New World

02 Nov 2017

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Mr. Krucko HZT 4U1 Opposing Similar Views A very intriguing situation has been set in Aldous Huxley’s book, Brave New World, which can be viewed as a perfect or a ruined world. This book is saturated with ideas, names, and philosophies that even an average mind would be able to pick out at least one ...

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A Social Dilemma In Practice

02 Nov 2017

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A social dilemma (SD) is characterized by the conflict of two possible behavioral properties. In the first one a person is acting in self interest and gains the best outcome for themselves in the short run even though in a long run it will affect them and everyone else. This is referred to as non co-operation. ...

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