Interest Groups And Political Parties

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

5 (1,698 )

Definition and Types of Interest Groups: Interest groups are associations of people who share political or socio-economic goals with each other. They come together for one cause and seek to lobby members of legislature to be sympathetic to their purpose by contributing to their campaigns and political parties. They are of different types namely we have, economic associations such as trade unions chambers of commerce etc Professional ...

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Powerlessness: Cause And Effect Of Poverty

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

6 (2,255 )

Powerlessness is a cause and effect of poverty because people living in absolute poverty often have no political power and is subjected to exploitation by the state. They lack protection, and report widespread corruption within state education and health care systems. Poor people in many countries speak of being kept waiting endlessly while the rich of the country go to the head of the queue. Situations like ...

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Analysing The Power Of The US President

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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Article II (section 1) of the United States' Constitution entrusts the executive power to the President (Jordan 1999, p.38); he is both the head of the state and the head of the government; moreover, he is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. Elected once every four years, the President responds for the well-being of American people and acts in the best interest of the United States of ...

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European Cleavage Society

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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European Cleavage Society Have European societies de-aligned from their previous cleavage divisions? If so, why might this be? Provide evidence for your answer. Since the Middle Ages, Europe has developed at a remarkable rate. Today, European society continues to evolve, moving further away from its traditional roots. Lipset and Rokkan set out four classic cleavages in European society that influenced the formation and policy-making of political parties: ...

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Is National Security More Important Than Civil Liberties?

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

8 (3,015 )

Within the context of the "war on terror," When the constitution and Bill of Rights were drawn up, one ideal for America was at the front and centre of the founding fathers minds, freedom. Since then every war America has been involved in has managed to end up undermining the Bill of Rights, and the protection of this freedom in some way or another. Out of all ...

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Politics Of Far Right Movements In Global Politics

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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Far right, which also be known as the extreme right or radical right, has been defined by various scholars and authors in various ways. Despite argument over the exact definition, far right is generally defined as an extremism of right-wing politics. According to Mudde's work, the ideology of far right (2002 10-11), Hartmann defines far right as a collective term for all 'progress-hostile forces'. However, there are ...

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The India-Pakistan Relationship

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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India - Pakistan relationship has been marred with conflict ever since their independence and both the nations have been involved in three major wars till date in1947-48, 1965 and 1971. In 1998, both countries conducted nuclear tests to enter the nuclear powered nations club. This led a few number of experts to profess that the nuclear deterrence would lead to stabilization of conflict in the sub continent ...

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Does Globalisation Help Or Hinder Developing Countries?

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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In this essay I am going to answer the question posed in title of this paper. In order to understand what globalization is, first I will provide a general interpretation of term -globalization, its causes and outcomes. In latter part of this paper I will focus on the impact that globalization have made on wealth creation in developing countries. In the final part, I will summarize my ...

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Political Leaders: devious, manipulative and ruthless?

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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Are Political Leaders necessarily devious, manipulative and ruthless? Politicians are often portrayed and are often thought to be ‘power-hungry’ and willing to stop at nothing to gain office. The purpose of this essay is to examine whether political leaders are devious, manipulative and ruthless; to answer this question this essay will look at the main characteristics that political leaders posses, also the political environments that these leaders ...

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Youth and Politics

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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Chapter 2 Literature Review A CONTEMPORARY GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF YOUTH AND POLITICS IN DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIES The vast majority of reading on youth participation in politics shows that there has been a steady decline in youth political participation in many democratic (Pammett and Leduc 2003; O'Neill 2007). In almost every election young people are the least likely to vote and these participation rates are continuously declining (Putnam 2000; ...

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Characteristics Of The Nation State And Transnational Entities

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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The nation is a culture group residing within the territory of the political state. A group of people are considered a nation if (1) they are permanent residents of a defined territory, (2) they exhibit some form of government, (3) they have a common culture, and (4) they declare themselves to be, and are considered by others to be, sovereign. When a group becomes a nation, older ...

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Summary Of 'The Road To Serfdom'

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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In the first chapter of Hayek's book Germany and Russia are supposedly headed down "the road to serfdom." Hayek believed that from a government perspective they intended on heading down this road. What had started out as a common idea to help support the wealth of the nations had developed into a complete takeover by the government leaving no individual freedoms for the citizens of the country. ...

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The Election Studies: The Manipur Experience

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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The study of elections in Manipur as an academic discourse is of recent origin. There is hardly any authoritative text on the topic. However, of late, there has been an increase interest among scholars and researchers alike in its study. A. Prafullokumar Singh R.P. Singh analyses the political behaviour in Manipur, and with an equally fascinating politics, in the light of its ecological setting in the fifth ...

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The Impact Of The Western Sahara Conflict

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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The conflict in Western Sahara was a dispute between Western Sahara (Frente Polisario) and Morocco which constitutes a big threat to regional stability after decolonization in 1975 by Spanish powers. The war has caused thousands of lives, big numbers of prisoners of war on both sides and has led to Morocco constructing a huge fortified wall in Western Sahara (Lehtinen, 2003). This conflict has therefore had far ...

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The Israeli Palestinian Conflict Politics Essay

23 Mar 2015 29 Apr 2017

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After more than 50 years of war, terrorism, peace negotiation and human suffering, Israel and Palestine remain as far from a peaceful settlement as ever. The entire Middle Eastern region remains a cauldron waiting to reach the boiling point, a potent mixture of religious extremism, (Jewish, Christian and Islamic), mixed with oil and munitions. This paper is an attempt to trace the history of this age old ...

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Historical Perspective Of Nepalese Foreign Policy

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Nepal's foreign policy is moulded by the turn of events of the 18th and 19th century. As mentioned by Pokharel: "Towards the end of 18th century, late King Prithvi Narayan Shah, from the house of Gorkha, brought about the unification of modern Nepal. In the initial stage after unification, foreign policy of Nepal was conducted directly under the leadership of the Shah rulers...until Nepalese had a direct ...

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Presenting Debates On Eu Democratic Deficit

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Without being perceived as legitimate, the European Union (EU) is not able to continue or further integrate its regulations on a European level or expand with new member states, and therewith it only has limited power over its member states. According to a still growing number of authors the European Union is losing legitimacy among its member state citizens and that the Union should be concerned with ...

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Terrorism in Northern Ireland

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Terrorism Northern Ireland Choose a case from the history of terrorism and study it in detail. What does this case say about causes of terrorism? Relate your answer to the relevant academic literature. This essay is going to look at the terrorism in Northern Ireland, and what this particular case says about the causes of terrorism. There is no set academic definition for terrorism, as no one ...

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Analysis Of The Philippine Party System

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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For a party system to be considered as strongly institutionalized, the inter-party rivalry must be stable and the political actors must view political parties as legitimate and important. However, in the Philippine setting, these two characteristics seem to be missing. Stability of Interparty Rivalry Electoral Volatility A good indicator of the stability of interparty rivalry of party systems is the gauge of electoral volatility. Electoral volatility determines ...

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Effect Of Globalisation On Social Welfare

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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To understand the concept of Glocalization, an understanding of globalization as a process is to be gained. Since glocalization has basically two positions, both defined by the concept of globalization. The two statuses of 'Glocalization' are: Firstly, glocalization can be seen as a result of and an alternative to globalization, and secondly, it may also be referred to as an opposition to globalization. Since most of the ...

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Leadership Style In Political System

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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India is secular country in nature which consists of 65% of young population which is counted as backbone for country's development. We need a leadership style in national politics which can bridge the gap between the ideologies of people from various religion having different needs, requirement for the upliftment of their community. In India there are various problems such as naxalism, extreme poverty, superstition, unemployment and under ...

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Just War Theory: The Invasion Of Iraq

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Since the creation of human beings there have been conflicts. Some conflicts blow over; others escalate, some even to the point of war. Declaring war is perhaps the gravest act of international relations since the very essence of war involves slaughter. Yet, as twisted and cruel as it may sound or be, war is sometimes necessary. World War II, for example, shows that going to war here ...

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Ethics And War: Political Realism

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Peace and war are two concepts generally bound together. We can rarely address one of these issues without addressing the other and the understanding of one of those two concepts increases the understanding of the other. This explains principally the choice of this topic: Ethics and War in a course entitled Peace and Culture. Peace is defined by the Oxford dictionary (2010) as: "a state or a ...

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Machiavelli: A Renaissance Thinker

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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The fourteenth century was an inexperienced start of a revolution called the renaissance. The renaissance is recognized for its birth of many noteworthy philosophers, including the well-known Machiavelli. He without a hesitation is the best political thinker existed. His beliefs and ideas have been a motivation and inspiration for many accomplished leaders across the world even modern leaders. Even though he was a positive influence on humankind, ...

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The Criticism Of The Coalition Governments

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Coalition governments are often criticised, for a number of valid reasons. I intend to address these later in this essay, however the main point of this essay, for me, is to state and explain why I believe coalitions work well as single-party governments. Upon thinking of how I would answer the question posed"Do Coalitions work well as single party governments?" a number of important points were brought ...

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De Gaulles Role In Shaping European Integration

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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There were many important figures which contributed to the development of European Integration. However, it was Charles de Gaulle who stole the scene in the 1950s and the 1960s. This paper attempts to analyze de Gaulle's paradoxical policy as he became a main promoter of European Integration, after being its main opponent before 1958. De Gaulle's promotion of the CAP Policy, the Fouchet Plan, his opportunist foreign ...

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Why Is Sustainable Development Such A Contested Concept?

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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As long as sustainable development is viewed as everything and nothing it is weakened as a policy goal, and those wishing to promote environmental sustainability and social justice are hampered if they attempt to do so without a clear understanding of the tensions and potential conflicts between these desirable goals.' (Connolly, S., 2007) Sustainable development may at first appear to be an all encapsulating concept which in ...

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The Role Of Religion In Middle East Politics

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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The religion for the majority of people in the Middle East is Islam. However, the main religion in Israel is Judaism, with small numbers of Jews elsewhere in the Middle East. In Lebanon, there are a lot of Maronites. A major hindrance was the freedom of religion basically the problem was "Christians in a Muslim Egypt". A major hindrance to the freedom of religion is the role ...

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State terrorism and non-state terrorism

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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State terrorism is often a neglected phenomenon in terrorism studies. Discuss how terrorism has been used as a weapon by states over the past 50 years. Is state terrorism fundamentally different from non-state terrorism? ABSTRACT Over the past half century States like Zimbabwe, Iraq, Myanmar, North Korea and Bosnia have conducted violent actions, against their own nationals and foreigners home and abroad. These actions though lethal and ...

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The Leadership Theories Of Machiavelli

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Machiavelli, born on the 3rd day of May 1469, acquired his university education in the University of Florence. He wrote a famous book entitled "the Prince". This book is famous for its break down on the issue of attributes of leadership and as such has become a guideline for leaders. He wrote the book based on his earlier experiences, addressing how a prince (leader) should rule. Although ...

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Understanding Of Kautilya On Good Governance

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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According to the Arthashastra, good governance comes with peace and order which can be achieved through the collaboration of different factors in a community. The first of these factors is the leader. The leader is the one held responsible for everything that is happening in a community. In Indian society, the leader or the king plays a very important role as he is the one leading the ...

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Wars In The Middle East Since 1945

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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History has marked many conflicts and wars in the Middle East since 1945 for both ideological and territorial supremacy. Regarding the study about the reasons of wars and conflicts in the Middle East, one has to wade through various sources that throw light to reality. Contrary to the wars fought in Africa: wars for poverty and racial discrimination, the wars in the Middle East had more complex ...

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Why Does Democracy Facilitate Development?

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Democracy provides greater protection of property rights than authoritarian rules; thereby, presenting an enhance capability to intervene in conflicts; democracy also creates better information and trustworthy reaction by average citizens, as John Locke sees the consent of the governed very crucial in the international system (Trelbilcock and Prado 2011, Dunne 2011). According to Immanuel Kant, all countries should be democratised, to reduce the occurrences of war with ...

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The Impact Of The Watergate Scandal

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

6 (2,228 )

I became the 37th President of United States of America in 1968. I have done many good things in my terms. I ended the Vietnam War and saved a lot lives. I also won the re-election in 1972, and the victory was a land-slide. I beat the candidate from Democratic Party for 18 million popular votes and received the electoral votes from 49 states (Reeves 391). With ...

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A Study On The European Identity

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Although the concept of collective identity is a post-colonial phenomenon, a few nations would describe themselves under a collective identity before the modern times of the 19th Century. In fact, Europe is historically unique in terms that it has been the people living in the continent of Europe who have persistently described themselves as Europeans since the 17th Century (Pagden, 2002). Indeed, European Union emerged as the ...

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Analysis Of The Reasons Of Democratization

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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In general, the reasons of democratization shift in different countries. Samuel P. Huntington raises five main elements to explain his points of view. The author would like to examine how these five factors resulted in the democratization in South Korea and are the exclusive reasons. Besides, does China have difficulty to become a democratic country only because it lacks of these five conditions? Infection results: it means ...

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Terrorism: The Biggest Threat To International Relations?

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Contemporary international relations refer to the state of affairs during the period that began in the late 1980s with the end of the Cold War. The fall of communism and the assumed 'victory' of liberal democracy had many, such as Francis Fukuyama, hopeful for an 'End of History' and a 'New World Order' of peace and collective security between all states. The truth of the international situation ...

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Contributions Of Lim Guan Eng In Penang

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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As a democracy country, there are many politicians in Malaysia. Based on the Oxford English Dictionary, politician means that a person who is professionally involved in politics, especially as a holder of an elected office. Besides, due to the Macmillan Dictionary, it is defined that politician is someone who has a job in politics and especially a member of parliament. Other than that, politician is a leader ...

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Confidence Building Measures India And Pakistan

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) are those steps or agreements on which states agree with mutual benefits in mind, and have faith that all concerned shall obey such agreements. These steps or agreements ultimately develop trust between the signatory states and help in achieving peace and stability in the region. [1] Limiting or reducing the level of fear among parties in conflict is essential for building confidence. CBMs aim to lessen ...

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Violence And Political Transformation

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Political violence is one of the most disturbing problems we are facing today. History of the world stands testimony to it. The twentieth century has in particular witnessed more violence than hitherto known to humankind. It is found in almost all parts of the world, be it industrialized-capitalist societies, or the socialist societies, or, still again, the developing countries of Asia and Africa. It is generally held ...

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The Politics Of Secularism In India

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Secularism in India has always been more of a political than a philosophical phenomenon. Secularism may be one of the basic features of the Preamble but its validity as one of the basic features of the Constitution and its practicability in Indian society is questionable. There is an increasing use of religion in the social construction of ethnic and communal identity which is made the basis for ...

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The Influence Of Money In Philippine Elections

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Election campaigns are now on the roll. Politicians are getting busy thinking of many ways to ensure their victory in the coming elections. Different strategies and techniques are being used by these candidates in order to win the votes of the people. Aside from the techniques and strategies, money plays a huge role in every Philippine elections. The ability to win of the candidate lies on how ...

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The Anti Corruption Movement Of Anna Hazare

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

4 (1,378 )

The Oxford English Dictionary defines corruption as the "perversion or destruction of integrity in the discharge of public duties by bribery or favor" (ADB 2000; Saxonhouse 2000) and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines it as "inducement to wrong by improper or unlawful means" (ADB 2000).This paper focuses on the anti- corruption movement of Anna Hazare. In recent times India has seen a spurt in the corruption scandals ranging ...

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An Analysis Of German Public Diplomacy

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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The terrorist attacks of 9/11 triggered the revival of a previously underutilized foreign policy tactic: public diplomacy. This essay seeks to discuss the possibilities of positive achievements of public diplomacy as well as its limits. Assessing the concept's scope for success or failure makes it necessary to primarily focus on its results. Because it is of relevance for the evaluation if public diplomacy can make a difference ...

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What Are The Causes Of War?

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Mankind has been fighting one another since before written words could record the outcome. The world we share with all living creatures demonstrates that conflict in the animal kingdom is ubiquitous, therefore why not so for man? If conflict is so ingrained in nature and in human behaviour, then its cause is obvious and it is natural to assume that war is unavoidable and will always be ...

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The role of the European Parliament

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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INTRODUCTION The division of powers among an executive, a legislature and a judiciary (Montesquieu's tripartite system, 'The Spirit of Laws', 1748) is the common feature of the national democratic systems. The Parliament/National Assembly as a 'voice of the people' can be considered as the institution that legitimizes system as a whole. Every country has its own parliamentary system, recognized and identified by the citizens. The European Parliament ...

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The water supply: Lake Lanier

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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By being a basic human need, water is a precious resource for any region. Its presence and availability is essential for the development of cities and countries. In the not so distant future, there might be wars fought over who possesses the right to use the water available. Though far from being an armed conflict, Georgia has been involved for decades in a heated debate with its ...

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The Main Critiques Of Liberal Democratic Model

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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One of the most important political ideologies used in the modern era especially by the Western countries is liberal democracy. A liberal democratic state involves of the goals of both liberalism and democracy. This essay will talk about the critiques of liberal democracy explaining the four criteria of liberal democracy and why it works or does not work in the context to the case study countries. In ...

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Foreign Policies For The Malaysian Systems

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Malaysia's foreign policy is premised on establishing close and friendly relations with countries in the community of nations. Tun Razak had embarked on a series of dazzling initiatives in foreign policy largely to move Malaysia from its pro-western, anti communist stance, which had been adopted since independence under the tunku's leadership. This is achieved through upholding the country's sovereignty and promoting universal peace; fostering friendly relations with ...

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History Of The United Nations

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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During the time period of World war II, representatives from 26 different nations plighted their governments together in order to continue their battle against the Axis powers. Franklin D. Roosevelt- the president of the United States at that time, named this alliance the United Nations. It was initially utilized in the Declaration by United Nations on the first of January, 1942. Primarily, states had gathered and developed ...

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What Are The Virtues Of Democracy?

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Different nations, organization and people often have different perspectives or ideologies on the meaning of democracy. Former U.S. president Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) defined democracy as: "Government of the people, by the people, for the people". The word "democracy" originates from the Greek language and means "rule by the people". In the eighteenth century, democracy is defined as "institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions which realizes the ...

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The Impact Of Interdependence On International Relations

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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As we all know , complex interdependence is a concept developed by Robert keohane and Joseph Nye in order to demonstrate that states are completely tied together in various aspects of their national resources , whether they be economic , military , agricultural , o political amongst others. The main characteristics of Complex Interdependence are three , in first place multiple channels , because these facilitate actions ...

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Counter Terrorism Strategies Against The IRE And LTTE

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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The September 11-tragedy at the World Trade Center, which was considered as the most destructive terrorist attack recorded in world history, only proves that terrorism is continuously becoming a serious threat in international peace and security. Terrorism in the form of murder, kidnapping, bombing and hijacking has been on the rise for the past several years amidst the different policies and measures that have been implementing by ...

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Agenda Setting In The Presidential Election

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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In presenting the news, the media disseminates important information for public awareness. During presidential elections, media plays an important role for shaping the reality of political debates. In the current presidential election the mass media set their agenda by reflecting on personal aspects of the candidates rather than on the issues that were important to our nation's concerns. It was stated by Defleur and Ball-Rokeach, "that certain ...

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The Principles Of Liberal Idealism And Realism

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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For the purpose of this essay, my discussions will be narrowed down to the theory of Realism and would reflect on my knowledge of the topic before the seminar, key issued raised, what i learnt during the seminar and how it impacted on my understanding, i would also discuss what i did thereafter with my knowledge of the topic in terms of further research. I had just ...

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Major Functions Of Political Parties

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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A two-party system refers to a system where in almost all elections, at every level of government, two main political parties dominate voting and, resultantly, all or just about all elected offices are members of one of the two foremost parties. In a two-party system, typically, one of the two parties holds a greater part in the legislature and is usually known as the 'majority party'; while ...

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The Factors That Enhance Or Diminish Presidential Power

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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The factors that affect the power of a president are diverse. Power is a fluid concept that moves in cycles and changes with circumstance both within terms of office and from president to president. The president's powers are numerous and are largely defined within the Constitution. The president is the Commander in Chief, has power to sign treaties with foreign nations, appoint members of the Supreme Court ...

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The India-Pakistan conflict: An overview

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND India Pakistan conflict is one of long lasting and unresolved conflict of modern times. It started with the birth of Pakistan as a different state in 1947 after the Britain empire come to an end in India. On religious grounds, one country (i. e. India) was divided into two. In 1947, when British India got its independence, it was primarily divided into two countries: India and ...

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Effects Of Globalization And Democracy

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Globalization is a tool that shapes our culture, politics, and economics. ¿½An enduring tenet of the post-Cold War era is that globalization can be a catalyst for democratization. In one formulation, when democratic ideals sweep (or even trickle) across borders into authoritarian states, globalization makes democratization inevitable.¿½ (Dalpino, 2001). One of the most argued argument about globalization is that it promotes democracy and help in creating more ...

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Does Poverty Cause War?

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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The central argument of this essay is that rather than treating poverty as a direct causal factor behind war, it could be viewed as one of the many processes that lead to a conflict when other social, economic, political and ethnic factors come into play. [1] The essay will begin with the definitions of war and poverty. This will be followed by examining the premise that poverty alone may ...

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What Is The Role Of The State?

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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According to Gerth and Mills (1948), "the state is a human community that successfully claims monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.'' It can consist of the government or legislature which passes the laws, the bureaucracy or civil service, which implements the governmental decisions, the national security forces, such as the police and army, which enforces the law and protect the state ...

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Failed Anticorruption Mechanisms In The Philippines

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Corruption has been universally characterized as the misuse or the abuse of public office for private gain. Its manifestations come in different forms such as illegal enticements and pay-offs, extortion, fraud, nepotism, graft, speed money, pilferage, theft, and embezzlement, falsification of records, kickbacks, influence peddling and campaign contributions. Although corruption is known to be an attribute of the public sector, it also exists in other facets of ...

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Non State Actors In International Security

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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1. In the process of state transformation, such as the emergence of new political spaces beyond the territorial nation state, 'relocation of politics' from the state to international and sub-national organizations, diffusion of political power from public authorities to semi-public and private actors, and de-legitimization of the state (crisis of the welfare state, state failures, lack of performance), the old 'paradigm' of top-down, state-led, command & control ways ...

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Pakistans Loss In The War Against Terrorism

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Terrorism is a global phenomenon now-a-days brought by twenty first century with itself acutest form. Before twenty first century it was never so violent as today. Terrorism is the product of unrest in society and it damages human lives, property, economy and peace of mind. It is an evil which is afflicted humanity for centuries but it amounted global dimensions after the 9/11 tragedy. Today it has ...

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The Theories Of The New World Order

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Originally, the term conspiracy theory was used to describe any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy. However, it has come almost exclusively to refer to any fringe theory which explains a historical or current event as the result of a secret plot by conspirators of almost superhuman power and cunning. To conspire means "to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act ...

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The Elites And Political Development

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Introduction Political Development has been articulated to be part of society since the time of ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle (Huntington 1965). Over the centuries politics have evolved through a range of phases from the monarchies and kingship to elected parliamentary systems. Today, western society views a form of democracy as the ultimate aspiration that forms the pinnacle of political development (Kingsbury 2007). This ...

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Cyber Aspects Of Non Kinetic Warfare

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Post World War-II, there has been a paradigm shift in the nature of conflict and pattern of statecraft primarily due to; advent of nuclear weapons, Revolution in Military Affairs, rapid advancement in information technologies, rise of Non State Actors and effects of globalization. These transformations have made use of military or kinetic options for advancing states' policies less attractive, as not only the war is too costly, ...

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Milton Friedman: Capitalism And Freedom

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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In this essay I would like to consider the Milton Friedman's thesis concerning the fact that economic freedom is a prerequisite for political freedom. After analyzing his book (Capitalism and Freedom) I must say that I fully agree with this statement. However, arises the question what economic freedom is. It can be said that there is no unique definition of this concept, but many experts agrees with ...

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Human Rights Must Be Universal

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

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The origins of the concept of human rights lie in ancient Greece and Rome, and then passed into Christian thinking. Since the Holocaust, human rights have increasingly emerged as an international norm. Especially after the Second World War, the atrocities committed by the Nazi regime against humanity led the international community to examine the idea of human rights and promoted it into the global scene (Rhonda & ...

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A Study Of The American Election Of 1912

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,631 )

The Election That Forever Changed the United States. The reason why the election of 1912 was such a significant election year was because it showed how a third political party could impact America, and it mainly dealt with foreign policy. The four main men who helped to do this were Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft, T. Woodrow Wilson and Eugene V. Debs. Theodore Roosevelt was a man ...

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Understanding Intelligence Cycle (IC)

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

8 (2,905 )

In this paper I will be assessing to what extent the Intelligence Cycle (IC) can be used to understand the creation of a finished intelligence product. I will discuss the individual parts of the IC in depth, and derive the utility and theoretical foundations of the cycle. A discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the IC will act as a tool of understanding the creation of ...

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The Political Election Paper

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

4 (1,537 )

The United States has only two major political parties, the Democrats and the Republicans. These parties have a duopoly, meaning that they share almost all the political power in the country. Stated in the Wikipedia "the Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States along with the Republican Party. The party supports a social liberal, social democratic and progressive platform and ...

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The Australian Political System

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

4 (1,492 )

Liberal democracy is a conceptual political ideology that combines notions both from democracy and from liberalism. Much is debated on the subject of those two ideologies, but to understand the concepts, they must be firstly properly defined. Governmental or state affairs, better known as politics, have always been extensively debated. There is a general opinion that a society with a faulty political system is condemned to failure. ...

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Globalization: Inevitable And Intensified

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

6 (2,234 )

Based on the facts in the world today, this essay firstly clarifies a hot argument, which was raised up at the Boao Forum for Asia justifies that the globalization process is being halted, backward and marginalized, and explains why this point is sharp. Secondly, this paper analyses deeply the argument that explains the globalization is being superannuated, because countries are actively creating their mutual Free Trade Area ...

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Advantages And Disadvantages Compared With Government

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

3 (1,181 )

Governance is different from government. The former is broader than the latter. While the government can set policies, their outcome is determined by governance. Governance is what drives interactions among the multiple players, who are affected by policy, on the ground. Governance can also be understood to mean what hold people together in a network. If good governance is present, the network, or the group of players, ...

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Is Human Security Better Than State Centric Security?

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

8 (2,994 )

Along with the end of the Cold War, the spread of globalisation, and the fast development, the world is facing new challenges and threats endangering states as well as people all over the world. Those new problems require effective counteractions. Two approaches can be distinguished, which are particularly meaningful in a context of global security, Human Security, and 'state-centric' approaches, such as realism, neo-realism, or Strategic Studies. ...

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Do International Organizations Matter On The World Stage?

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

3 (888 )

In the era of globalization, International Organizations (IOs) is crucial and influential to the world. By the network development and rapid information transmission, the importance and influence of IOs grow rapidly, so do their social power in world politics. Moreover, there is lack of discussion over IOs in International Relations (IRs), as the main actor of IRs is "state". IOs were interpreted to facilitating cooperation to solve ...

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Why Did The United States Invade Iraq?

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

7 (2,742 )

In March 2003, The United States of America invaded Iraq, and this war is also called as the Second Gulf War. During this war, Iraq was strongly defeated, which even its president also has been killed. There are two main reasons, declared by the US, to invade Iraq. First was to defend for the security of its own country and the whole world. Second was to promote ...

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Obstacles To Achieving Sustainable Development

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

12 (4,542 )

There is no definite interpretation of sustainable development. Many scholars agree that the term sustainability is a very general concept and has too many interpretations (Saadatan et al. 2010) ' the meaning of sustainable development often appears unclear and accordingly underdetermined ambiguous and controversial (Parris and Kates 2003; Robinson 2004; Williams and Millington 2004; Fergus and Rowney 2005, Kates et al, 2005; ) ac cited in (Wuelser ...

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The Struggle Between Presidential And Congressional Powers

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

9 (3,474 )

The process of passing legislation in the United States starts at with Congress and has to ultimately be approved by the president unless bypassed by with a two-thirds veto. The ability of an administration to pass or prevent legislation is one of the things that form the basis for an evaluation of a term's efficiency. However, what must be considered when evaluating a president's efficiency is the ...

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The Rise Of China In Governance

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,927 )

The topic about the rise of China has been heated up recently after China overtakes Japan as the world's second largest economy in this year. China has opened its market to embrace the era of globalization after Deng Xiaoping's economics reform in 1978. China has attended multiple important international organizations such as joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 and becoming a core member in the ...

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Elements Of Democracy And Constitutionalism

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

6 (2,205 )

The relationship between democracy and constitutionalism has brought about many controversies. Democracy originated from Greek and it made sense simply as all the people decided as one. This was usually by the majority vote where the majority had it. At this point in time, the United States already had a population of about three million. This means it was too large both numerically and geographically for direct ...

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Margaret Thatcher And Ronald Reagan

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

20 (7,620 )

For Margaret Thatcher, the US-UK relationship was not only 'natural' and 'special'; it was 'extraordinary' and 'very, very special'. At the 1981 Conservative Party conference she declared that 'had it not been for the magnanimity of the United States, Europe would not be free today' [1] . Her implication was that, under her leadership, Britain would not endorse the ingratitude of continental Europeans. By 1991 she was calling the ...

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Nehrus Contribution To Socialism In India

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,823 )

Collin's Dictionary defines socialism as "a political ideology which aims for societies in which poverty is eliminated, market forces are not the sole means of the distribution of economic wealth and where the human ideals of cooperation and altruistic behaviour develop". Nehru also believed in the socialism and he named the 'socialist society' as 'good society'. He believed in the elimination of poverty and development as a ...

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The US-Iran Relations | Essay

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,615 )

The nuclear program of Iran is one of the most engaging issues in the Middle East today. The U.S and its allies accuses Iran of building nuclear weapons, but Iran's stance is firm that the only reason why they are developing a nuclear program is to harness it to generate electricity to provide fuel for their medical reactors so that they will not splurge into using its ...

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Theories And Characteristics For International Systems

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

6 (2,021 )

There are many theories have been created from the past until today. Those theories have different characteristics, but some share one another characteristics. Moreover, those theories are popular and well practice in their own period of time. However, those theories share a common goal. The goal is to explain the interaction between the actors in international system. More importantly, Realism is the only theory that capable enough ...

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Dependency Theory Of Development

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

4 (1,399 )

Development can be studied under various threads of theories. Modernisation theories and dependency theories can be seen as two different sides of development theories. 'Dependency theory' is a kind of developmental theory, which is a major critique of modernisation theory. Seeing the state of 'development' or 'underdevelopment' in Latin America [1] and Africa [2] , I argue that dependency is created by a dominant country on these so called 'under-developed' countries ...

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The Relations Of Pakistan And Russia

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

4 (1,419 )

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been a hot zone for the international community for well over a decade. Pakistan's long history of hostilities with India, the nuclear arms race between Pakistan and India, along with the growing presence of virulent homegrown terrorism, and large restless Muslim population-demographic trends indicate that it will be the largest Muslim nation in a few decades-- are all factors that make ...

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Explaining War And The Level Of Analysis

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,911 )

The concept that 'war is never won rather it is only varying degrees of defeat of war' dominated the twentieth century. Social scientist defined the concept of war and peace by analysing the apparent disproportion between effort and product desire and results. According the Waltz, War is inevitable phenomenon in international relations. So, instead of asking can we now have peace? The social scientist should seek peace ...

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A postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

22 (8,684 )

Northern Statism at the Margins:  A postcolonial critique of liberal peacekeeping theory. Today, ‘humanitarian intervention' or so-called ‘muscular' peacekeeping occurs in contexts known as ‘complex emergencies', which combine elements of civil war, state collapse, human rights violations, ‘criminality' and humanitarian crisis.  Often, local agents have formed vested interests connected to external powers, which induce them to reproduce situations of emergency.  Mark Duffield aptly refers to the ‘security-development ...

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The Rise Of The Soviet Union

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

8 (2,872 )

In 1924, a massive political struggle occurred in the Soviet Union. Vladimir Lenin, leader of the former Bolshevik Party and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, died on the 21st of January in 1924. Lenin had held the party together since 1917 and had been the central person to determine its policies. [2] Without providing a clear successor, he left the party in chaos and the in-fighting and ...

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Aristotle's views on slavery

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

4 (1,333 )

Ancient Greek society generally, and therefore classical Athens, even when it was a ‘democracy', was bored in slavery, an institution which Aristotle did not consider to be unjust and which he defends in book I of his Politics. This essay will focus on why Aristotle spent so much time on the subject of slavery. Also he claims that woman should not be treated the same as slaves, ...

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Was The GDR A Totalitarian State?

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

8 (2,831 )

To answer this question we must first state what totalitarianism entails. Totalitarianism is a political system by which a state, normally led by a single party or organisation, accepts no limit to its authority and seeks total control over every aspect of private and public life. To discuss the nature of the GDR's political system I will use the Totalitarian model of Carl Freidrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski ...

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Linking Foucault To Critical Disability Theory

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

10 (3,779 )

" "Foucault's work has provoked scholars to question what had previously been considered self-evident, timeless, unchanging and necessary. In various writings, lectures, and public statements, Foucault urged critical reflections on the current situation and on the historical conditions that led to these formations and how they might be differently perceived. To assist people in finding new ways to conceive their relationships to themselves and each other, and ...

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Differences Between Decentralisation And Delegation

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

7 (2,467 )

Delegation is the act of assigning tasks, work and/or power to subordinates. It is the turning over of authoritative power and responsibility to another individual to perform certain predefined tasks. Delegation gives the power to a person to make all major decision pertaining to the given task. In essence, delegation is simply the shift of power to make decisions from one hierarchal level to another, usually a ...

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The Suez Conflict: Political Objectives

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

10 (3,950 )

The Suez conflict is characterised by deceit and collusion that, for Europe, ended in political failure, humiliation, diplomatic isolation and the severing of special relationships. [1] This essay will examine the political objectives of Egypt, Israel, Britain and France during the conflict. It will then consider the immediate outcomes of those principal participants against their political objectives. The essay will also consider the evidence of the decisive political roles ...

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George W Bush And Barak Obama Foreign Policies

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

6 (2,318 )

Scholars have stated that the US foreign policy was not going to change despite a change in the country's leadership, thus, successor president have continued with similar policies of their predecessor. However, the foreign policies established by Obama have also differed in many respects. There are many variations between the foreign policies of the Bush and Obama Administration. Both presidents had so many different controversial issues to ...

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Globalisation: An Economic Phenomenon

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

8 (3,105 )

Globalisation is in itself an abstract term without a fixed objective definition. The extent to which the world has become interconnected in even greater ways in recent contemporary history has blurred this definition further. To categorise Globalisation as an essentially economic phenomenon, sheds no light on the true circumstance the world finds itself in today. Economic integration may be a large contributing factor driving Globalisation forward, but ...

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Understanding The Enemy System Theory

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

6 (2,172 )

A variety of theories exist to explain ethnic conflicts. Others have also been developed to assist design measure to manage and resolve these conflicts. A theoretical framework of conflict resolution will be studied which will include the causes of the conflict. It is from this framework that the appropriate peace building and conflict resolution measures will be developed for the situation in Bawku. I will use the ...

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Influence power, politics and control

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

10 (3,726 )

Critically discuss and identify the influence power, politics and control have on the management of performance First of all discuss the theories of power, politics and control and what they are understood to be, drawing on the relevant reference. Also discuss the different approaches and what the advantages and disadvantages may be. Before discussing how the different perspectives may effect performance of the individuals and organisation, identify ...

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