Government Intervention in Education and the Environment

18 Apr 2018

6 (2,323 )

Why do governments intervene? Illustrate your answer with reference to two of the following: health care, education, housing, the environment. Introduction The following paper will analyse the rationale behind government intervention in the areas of education and environment. Government intervention as the term signifies refers to the involvement of the government where it comes to the designing and implementing policies. Generally speaking government intervention takes the ...

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Role of the Judiciary in Democracy

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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In a liberal democratic state, the judiciary has four main responsibilities including formulating the rule of law through the interpretation and application of law to respond with a verdict, settling disputes, checking legality and being a player in state politics. To accomplish these four duties, the basic principles of a liberal democratic state must be upheld along with the principles of a legal democracy and state. The ...

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Are Human Rights 'Universal’?

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,674 )

Human rights use to be a domestic issue championed by its proponents with each state separately, however, this has grown drastically and relatively quickly into a movement that asserts that these human rights are universal and all human beings are born with them. However this essay will argue that human rights are not universal due to their nature being bound up in charters which are not seen ...

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Concepts of Bias in the Media

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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What is Media Bias? What is 'media bias'? It is the perception, correct or incorrect, that television, print, and online content - particularly journalism - lacks objectivity and either consciously or unconsciously skews to favor a particular ideology, agenda, or point of view, political or otherwise. The term is generally (though not exclusively) employed by conservatives who are frustrated by their perception that the news media is ...

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Canada and the United States Ownership of the Arctic Region

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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The Arctic region has been a neglected area for many years. However with the recent discovery of natural and mineral resources in the Arctic, countries such as the United States, Russia and other European countries have been presenting their keen interest in the cold territory. In the article Arctic Meltdown, written by Scott Borgerson, the author discusses the economic and the security consequences caused by the Global ...

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Analysis of the 8th Amendment

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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8th Amendment Introduction The 8th Amendment (Amendment VIII) to the United States Constitution can be legally defined as the section of the United Sates Bill of Rights that which forbids the federal government from imposing excessive fines, neither inflicting cruel and unusual punishments nor imposing excessive bail. The 8th amendment was approved to be part of the United States Constitution in the year 1791.This amendment was ...

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Inequality Gap between the Global North and South

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Introduction: The term Global South refers to “The Third World” which it colloquially replaced to describe the poorest countries in the world, countries particularly in the South Asia, Middle East, Central and South America, Africa and Oceania that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War. There is an immense social, economic and political gap between the wealthy ...

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Influence of Money and Media on Elections

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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During elections, electoral networks drive the “every vote counts” campaign, but the voter appeal is lost due to the high value placed in high-proficiency media and the conniving, slick interest groups that use propaganda to persuade voter turn-out. There lie many problems in the world of politics. Nasty campaigning and slamming ones opponent have become a commonplace in today's society. The root of these distinct problems doesn't ...

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Principles and Characteristics of Good Governance

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Introduction In general, good governance is perceived as a normative principle of administrative law, which obliges the State to perform its functions in a manner that promotes the values of efficiency, no corruptibility, and responsiveness to civil society. It is therefore a principle that is largely associated with statecraft. While the government is not obliged to substantively deliver any public goods, it must ensure that the processes ...

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Constitutional Monarchy and the Third Way in UK

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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A constitutional monarchy is a type of a constitutional government, where either an elected or hereditary monarch is a head of state, unlike in an absolute monarchy where the king or queen is an absolute ruler not bound by the constitution. Most of the constitutional monarchs have a parliamentary system where legislation is passed and the monarch is the head of state with a prime minister as ...

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The Paradox of American Power by Joseph S. Nye

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION In the book of Joseph S. Nye, "The Paradox of American Power: Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone, he shows a complete analysis of the elements contained in formulating consistent foreign policy in the post Cold War world. Nye obtains a relaistic thery for analyzing the countless forces at play. The forces which are effective on the foreign policy areas. . This permission ...

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Development of an Entrenched Constitution

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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How Entrenched or rigid should a state's Constitution be? A constitution is defined as "a frame of political society, organised through and by law; that is to say one in which law has established permanent institutions with recognised functions and definitive rights" (Wolf-Phillips, 1972:7). Thus a Constitution in itself is a legal framework through and by which a state is governed. This essay will asses factors that ...

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Changes to Migration and the Border Control Today

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Nowadays, the control over immigration has become very important political issue, which represents a real threat for social security and stability and also fosters growth of criminality and expansion of illegal labour market. Hard period of the world processes and its developing over permanent pressure escalating political, economic, social and other problems, activization of terroristic activity leads to destabilization of the situation in many developing and developed ...

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Prime Minister: British System of Government

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION This essay mirrors the roles of the Prime Ministers and their Cabinet members, and discusses how dominant the role of Prime Minister is in the British system of Government, and to what extent can the power be exercised. The essay begins with a vivid explanation of what the core executive arm of the British government is made up of, what position the Prime Minister stands for ...

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Identity Formation and the Development of National Interest

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Constructivism - Ideas, Identity and Foreign Policy In the analysis of international politics, the process of identity formation and how national interests are conceived should represent central issues, as they are inextricably linked to a state's foreign policy. The importance of identities results from the fact that they perform two vital functions: expressing to the self and others who the self is, as well as expressing to ...

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Rousseau's Concepts of Inequality

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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In 1754 Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote his "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men". This essay was in response to a question posed for a prize competition by the Academy of Dijon. The question posed was: "What is the origin of inequality among men, and is it authorized by natural law?" Rousseau found the terms of the inquiry restraining; he reasoned that, to be considered ...

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Liberal and Mercantilist Theories of Political Economy

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Contrast liberal and mercantilist theories of international political economy and consider which approach is most apparent in the contemporary world. The following seeks to contrast liberal and mercantilist theories that have developed to describe and analyze the international political economy. Once the contrasts have been made conclusions as to which theory is the most apt or apparent in the contemporary world will be drawn. Both liberal and ...

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Should Smoking be Banned? J.S Mill's Harm Principle

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Should Smoking Be Banned? Discuss In Relation to J.S Mill's Harm Principle Smoking has held a social stigma for many years, yet has generally been protected from being prohibited due to the principle of a freedom to smoke. However, freedom comes in many forms and means different things to different people, and with some concepts of freedom it may be seen that smoking should be banned. This ...

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An Analytical View of Women in Politics

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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"Achieving the goal of equal participation of women and men in decision making will provide a balance that more accurately reflects the composition of society and is needed in order to strengthen democracy and promote its proper functioning… Without the active participation of women and the incorporation of women's perspectives at all levels of decision-making, the goals of equality, development and peace cannot be achieved." - Fourth ...

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Electoral Reform In Britain

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Electoral reform in britain was initiated by the reform act of 1867 and consequently first past the post was chosen as the best solution. This essay is trying to establish whether this voting system is still fit-for-purpose and whether there is a chance that it may be changed to a more proportional electoral system. It defines purposes and foundations of the existing voting system and tries to ...

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Analysis of the Liberian Conflict

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Background to this Conflict Analysis The Liberian conflict began in 1979 with civil unrest and ended in 2003 with the forced exile of the then president Charles Taylor. During this 24years period, Liberia has had a number of significant turning points: two regime-changing coups (1980 and 1990) and with them the assassination of 2 presidents, two civil wars, the first in 1989 - 90, the second from ...

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The Weimar Republic of 1919 | Analysis

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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The Weimar Republic of 1919 characterised the struggle - and failure - to establish democracy in Germany following World War One. Despite possessing near-identical elements required to govern as successfully as the Federal Republic of 1945, the government was fragile and short-lived (Smith, 1991). Those in authority neglected to increase the power of the parliament or commit fully to the system, choosing instead to stumble along forming ...

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Debate on Lowering the Voting Age to 16

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Introduction A. Being an American has many great benefits because we have many rights as an individual like privacy, a strong constitution and a centralized government with balanced powers. As the people of the United States we have the right to vote to express our beliefs and to hear our voice. According to free dictionary.com voting is defined as "a formal expression of preference for a candidate ...

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Canadian Provincial Political Cultures

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Canadian political culture is multi-layered and diverse. Three great countries have influenced the development of this culture - The United States, The Great Britain and France. Thus, when it comes to Canada, it can not be studied in isolation from the rest of North America and Europe. Even though the expansion of North America was just a phase in extending the political and cultural dominance of the ...

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World Systems Theory: Analysis

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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The World Systems theory was the brain child of Immanuel Wallerstein in 1974. It saw the division of the world into three parts; the core, the semi-peripehry and the periphery. The core meaning those countries which were economically developed such as countries of the Western Europe, the United States of America and Japan. The semi-periphery was in between and was most of the countries in Asia. The ...

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Military force and promoting humanitarian values

29 Dec 2017

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This essay will argue that military force is an ineffective instrument for the promotion of humanitarian values. However, this is qualified by also presenting reasons for discounting the effectiveness of non-military interventions. This essay will be structured as follows. The first sections will confront methodological issues that have to be addressed before the question can be answered. Following this we will embark on a comparison of military ...

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Impact of Inequality on Democracy

21 Nov 2017

5 (1,880 )

Yannick Buitenhuis Inhoud Introduction Inequality r>g as a cause Limiting democracy. Conclusion Introduction Inequality is as old as mankind itself. Think of the difference between the Pharaoh versus the tomb builders; the Caesar versus the proletariat; the King and his nobles versus the peasants; The factory owners versus the labourers; and at the moment, between business(wo)men, CEO’s and (investments) bankers versus lower-income jobs. There ...

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Irish Government Foreign Policy

19 Oct 2017

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The X Liberation Party have been duly elected to govern the state of X and, after the election, the party renounced the former constitution and enacted two pieces of radical legislation, firstly the Rendition Research Institute Act 2006 which permits the government to feely interrogate and torture people without any judicial or legal oversight and, secondly, a statute that forbids the use of the word rendition ...

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Challenges to Gender Equality in Syria

19 Oct 2017

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It is without a doubt that Syria is currently passing through the most critical crisis since its modern birth in the beginning of the twentieth century. The U.N. recently declared the Syria conflict the biggest humanitarian and peace and security crisis currently facing the world as the fighting enters its fourth year. Since the onset of the conflict in March 2011, there have been more than ...

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Effect of PM Question Time on Government Decision Making

19 Oct 2017

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As Norton has noted, Parliament ceased to be a policy-making legislature in the nineteenth century and is now a ‘policy-influencing’ legislature. Parliament is thus expected to subject policy to a process of scrutiny and influence.[1] This essay will assess the extent to which the present mechanisms available to parliament to call the government to account can be said to have a meaningful ability to effect governmental ...

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Legal Sources of the UK Constitution and Human Rights Law

19 Oct 2017

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1. The UK constitution is described as an unwritten one. Explain with reference to the legal sources of the UK constitution and appropriate examples, why it is called unwritten, and consider whether the distinction between a written and unwritten constitution is legally significant. The word 'constitution' has many different meanings, however only two of them are applicable to constitutional law. Firstly, 'constitution' could mean a written ...

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New Labour's Traditional Family Values in Policy

19 Oct 2017

26 (10,033 )

'In Comparison to the Thatcher Government, in what ways does New Labour try to bring back traditional family values through policy and legislation?'   Abstract The objective of this dissertation is to evaluate and compare the way in New Labour is trying to bring back traditional family values through policy and legislation with the ways in which the Thatcher government had tried to do so. As ...

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Why Was the Batista Regime in Cuba Easily Overthrown?

19 Oct 2017

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Why was the Batista regime in Cuba overthrown with such apparent ease? Fulgencio Batista was born in 1901 and during his life was twice to seize power in Cuba as well as once being cleanly elected before eventually fleeing Cuba in 1959 and dying in exile. This essay will explore some of the reasons why the Batista regime was overthrown with such apparent ease. The Cuban ...

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Should Constitutions be Written?

19 Oct 2017

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Constitutions should be written. Discuss. Choose one country with a case law system and one with a civil law system and discuss the advantages of each. ANSWER 1. Introduction A constitution can be defined as a system or framework which enshrines the principles and rules by which a body is governed. In the context of states the term makes reference specifically to the national constitution of ...

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How Effective is Congress as a Legislature?

19 Oct 2017

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Among the world’s most successful democracies is the United States, whose system of checks and balances has seen more successes than failures. A system constantly in flux, the American form of government is divided into legislative, judicial, and executive branches. Of these branches, perhaps the one whose efficacy is most challenged is the Congress, the only branch directly representing the interests of the people (the judiciary ...

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Role of the MP in Representation

19 Oct 2017

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What is the role of an MP as a constituency representative in theory and practice? Abstract There is a debate as to the exact role of an MP as a constituency representative and whether that role may differ in theory from practise. This dissertation will explore the differing interpretations of the representative role that MPs perform. There are differing theories as to how that role should ...

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Interpretations of Winston Churchill

19 Oct 2017

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Evaluate two or more competing interpretations of Winston Churchill. Winston Churchill has become an icon of modern history, and is probably the most celebrated Prime Minister or the twentieth century. It was not until he was 65, however, that Churchill achieved his popularity and fame, and it was almost wholly the result of the end of the Second World War. Without this, the popular impression of ...

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Is there Democratic Deficit in the EU?

19 Oct 2017

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It is argued by many commentators[1] that there exists a `democratic deficit` within the European Union although others argue[2] that there exists no such `democratic deficit`, there are also those who acknowledge the existence of a `democratic deficit` but that argue that it is not problematic[3]. This assignment will look at those arguments and consider whether or not in despite of numerous reforms the democratic credentials ...

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US and US Government Formation Comparison

19 Oct 2017

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CONTENTS PAGE (Jump to) INTRODUCTION Communication strategy used by George Bush and Tony Blair [Similarities and Differences] LITERATURE REVIEW METHODOLOGY FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION Reformation of the Labour Party Labour gets new supporters The Tony Blair effect The Media – role of press, television and papers American Value system and Image – Differences between USA and UK- Social, Cultural, Political and Electoral CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION The political ...

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Theories of Government Control of the Internet

19 Oct 2017

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Critically analyse Lawrence Lessig's argument that the ability of governments to control activities within cyberspace is determined by the codes of cyberspace. The Internet enables individuals to access a ‘new realm of human activity’[1] and has affected the lives of billions of people. Due to the effect that the Internet has on citizens of all states, many called for legal involvement. The increasing use of the ...

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Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

19 Oct 2017

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Abraham Lincoln and His “Second Inaugural Address” Delivered March 4, 1864 Though delivered almost 150 years ago, Abraham Lincoln’s (1809-1865) second inaugural address continues today to be an exemplary model of leadership, demonstrating its abilities in political unification, cues to nation-building, goals of social progression, and most importantly, its expression of the importance of national reconciliation. Given at a time when a young American country was ...

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Israeli Targeted Killings against HAMAS: Legality

19 Oct 2017

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The Legality and Efficacy of Israeli Targeted Killings against HAMAS Extra-judicial killing is often referred to by the United States in the case of its enemies as “exporting terrorism,” and has gained special notoriety since its employment by the State of Israel in the years of the two Palestinian intifadas, or “uprisings.” The political assassinations and recent attempts by the Israeli government, disputed by many in ...

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Spanish Communist Party, 1936 | Poster Analysis

19 Oct 2017

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Poster: Central Committee of the Spanish Communist Party, 1936 I. State what the document is The document is a political rallying call inspired by the proclamation of the Central Committee of the Spanish Communist Party (PCE). It was part of a broader recruitment initiative by the Communist Party to enlist soldiers to fight in the Spanish Civil War, which officially commenced on 17 July 1936. Unlike ...

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Effect of Social Capital on Democracy

19 Oct 2017

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Critically assess the concept of 'social capital'? What advantages, if any, does it offer the study of democracy? Introduction Since the 2001 general election much academic debate has centred on voter apathy as the lowest turnout, especially among the young, led many to posit a ‘crises in democracy’ (Russell, 2005: 555). Various theories have attempted to explain the problem as either the result of a ‘life-cycle’ ...

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Policy Making Processes in South Africa

18 Oct 2017

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The National Government is accountable to the law making process regarding the rights and commitments of its citizens and delivery of services. The Constitution of South Africa provides in Section 43, three spheres of government in South Africa, namely, the National Government, Provincial Government and Local Government. In Section 40(1) of the Constitution it states that these spheres of government are distinctive, inter-related and inter-dependent. All ...

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Marx and Mill's Theories of Freedom: A Comparison

18 Oct 2017

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SANDRINE UWIMANA   MARX AND MILL’S VIEWS ON FREEDOM. This essay compares and contrasts Karl Marx and J.S. Mill on their understandings of freedom and their analyses of the impediments to its realization. Both Marx and Mill agree that human beings are capable of making progress and that the concept of freedom is an end in itself. Thus, they saw freedom as a means to realise ...

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Is Representative Democracy Really Democratic?

18 Oct 2017

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Introduction “You have two cows. All your neighbours pick someone to decide who gets the milk.” ^This running joke on Representative Democracy that captures it in one line got me thinking about Representative Democracy and the Social Justice Issue associated with it. Structure of the Paper This paper talks about Representative Democracy as the bigger ambit and concentrates on Electoral Democracy as its basic premise leading ...

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Adam Smith's Contribution to Classical Political Economy

18 Oct 2017

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  Assess the contribution of Adam Smith to the tradition of Classical Political Economy Important Assignment Related Notices Penalties: University policy requires that a penalty be deducted from the actual mark achieved for each working day the assignment is late until 0 is reached. There is a strict deadline of 11:59pm on day of submission. One grade step will be deducted for very 11:59pm ...

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Impact of the SDP on British Politics

18 Oct 2017

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How much lasting impact has the SDP had on British Politics? On August 1st 1980 Shirley Williams, David Owen and Bill Rodgers published their famous ‘Gang of Three’ statement: an open letter in the Guardian ‘rejecting class war, accepting the mixed economy and the need to manage it efficiently’ (Glover, 2006). Following the Wembley conference of 1981 which passed rule changes strengthening the power of left-wing ...

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Link between Transition and Vulnerable Groups in Albania

18 Oct 2017

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“The link between transition and vulnerable groups in Albania” Viola Sadushaj Supervisor: Edith FAVOREU Research topic: “The link between transition and vulnerable groups in Albania” Problem statement: ‘Vulnerable groups’ Albania shares with the rest of Europe a cultural and historical heritage with roots in the Greek, Roman, and Ottoman civilizations and the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Muslim religions. The country’s level of economic development ...

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Origins of the Accumulation of Armaments

18 Oct 2017

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Running Head: Contemporary and Historic Origins of the Accumulation of Armaments CONTEMPORARY AND HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF WHY STATES NEEDS TO ACQUIRE AND ACCCUMULATE THE MEANS OF DESTROYING OTHERS AND WHY SO MUCH CONCERN FOR ARMS CONTROL ROXY AGANIMO PEGGY   The issue of arms acquisition has been widely debated among states as well as other interest groups, hence the question, why would anyone need ...

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Aristotle's Theory of the Ideal State

18 Oct 2017

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ARISTOTLE AND HIS IDEAL STATE  (384 BC - 322 BC) NAME : SHAMIKA S. TAMHANE   Aristotle is one such unique philosopher, who has made contributions to innumerable fields like that of physics, biology, mathematics, metaphysics, medicines, theatre, dance and of course politics. Aristotle is known as ‘Father of Political Science’. ‘Polis’ is ‘city-state’ in Greek. From this, he coined term ‘Politics’. He is one of ...

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Political Situation of the Central African Public

18 Oct 2017

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Central African Republic: Africa’s Bleeding Heart A- Overview: Deep in the heart of Africa lies the Central African Republic, it is a landlocked country (i.e: has no coastal lines) as the country is boarded by: Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo to ...

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Germany's Political System | Summary

18 Oct 2017

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German Political System Chandra Chapagai   Introduction Political system is basically a structure to decide, govern, implement, and authorize policies and procedures to the citizens of a country. Each country has their own political system developed or designed under which policies, procedures, and legislations to run the country and the citizens. Each nation has some sort of uniqueness in formation of the political system ...

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Media Coverage of US-Pakistan Relations | Literature Review

18 Oct 2017

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CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW: The literature review is the lift off for any research. A literature review can be called as a logical search and investigation of published data regarding some specific study area. It is prepared bestowing to the research objective, thesis, the issue and problems that a researcher wishes to deal with and try to resolve it. Literature review contributes the knowledge in the ...

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Policy Analysis Paper: Caregiver Relief Act

18 Oct 2017

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Austina Burton The North Carolina state legislation I chose is house bill 99, or also senate bill 535. It is titled the Caregiver Relief Act. It was filed on February 13th, in 2013, in the House of Representatives (House, 2013). The primary sponsors in the house are Representative Alma Adams from Guilford County, and Representative Larry Hall from Durham County. Other sponsors in the ...

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Theories of Realism for State Behaviour Explanations

18 Oct 2017

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“How well do the different types of realism (classical, structural and neoclassical) explain state behaviour?” Word count: 2,765 Seminar Tutor: Aijan Sharshenova Realism is a fundamental practise of international politics, a key theory in this area of study as it helps us to understand the contemporary world, as well as the challenges that we now face. Realism helps to emphasise this role of nation-state with the ...

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Company Act 2013 Analysis

18 Oct 2017

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Introduction The awaited new company Act 2013 has replaced the 1956 Act with prime objective to counter the present day challenges and in line with rapid developments, integrations, globalisation of financial markets and growing economy of the world by Lok sabha on 18 Dec 12 and in Rajya sabha on 08 Aug 13, has been received Hon’ble president assent on 29 Aug 13. The new act ...

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Representation of Political Scandals in the Media

18 Oct 2017

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Political Scandals Interim Submission The question that I have chosen to answer for my essay is: ‘How fair and balanced has the coverage of political scandals been in the British media?’ By selecting this question I can explore the different political affiliations in the British press during times of scandal and how each news media reported on it depending on their relationship with the political party ...

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Gender-Based Assumptions of War Victims

18 Oct 2017

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IS THE VIEW OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN MERELY AS VICTIMS OF WAR TOO SIMPLISTIC? International actors faced numerous Humanitarian crises throughout the 1990s, leading to a New War thesis, made particularly prominent by Mary Kaldor. Whilst wars have historically been concerned with violence against the most vulnerable, only recently have studies focused on massive civilian casualties, largely women and children (Kaldor 2013: 133). In mainstream thinking, ...

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Political Representation in Everyday Life: Feminism

18 Oct 2017

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Expanding upon Pitkin's Concept of Representation in Everyday Life: Feminist Politics and the Feminist Movement in United States History Background The notion of “political representation” is one that is misleadingly simple. In viewing this type of representation, it is clear that many people, including scholars, fail to come to an agreement as to a particular definition. Political representation seems to occur when political actors: speak, advocate, symbolize, ...

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British Conventional Defence Policy in NATO 1979-1989

16 Oct 2017

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Kenton White Methodological Approach21813746 British Defence Policy within NATO, 1979 – 1989 Did Britain’s conventional contribution match its obligation? My research is an analysis of British conventional defence policy within NATO between 1979 and 1989. This research will critically review the plans in place for mobilising, transporting, supplying and reinforcing units in Europe, as well as the plans for Home and Civil defence of the UK. ...

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Residential Development Growth Issues

16 Oct 2017

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Samantha Valencia 1. In the face of an increase in demand for new residential development, what are the key growth management issues a City should consider? In the face of an increasing demand for new residential development, cities can look to a few infrastructure issues to be considerate of, as well as key revenue sources to help raise enough infrastructure funds to manage future ...

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Dealing With Global Income Inequality and its Consequences

16 Oct 2017

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Tim Mulligan   Problem Background: The passing of time has generally served to benefit many of the problems revolving international relations. As time has progressed, so have human development policies, international organizations and missions for global peacekeeping. Time has brought us to an era where nuclear weapons have made all-out war is obsolete, and where greater efforts towards controlling climate change are technologically possible. ...

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What Is the Point of the House of Lords?

16 Oct 2017

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The House of Lords is a fundamental part of the UKs bicameral legislative system, being an appropriate check and balance to the House of Commons in legislative matters. However, this has been brought into question after the Recent Welfare Reform Bill. This essay aims to examine ‘what is the point in the House of Lords?’ It will first look into its history, then its role in ...

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Should Hate Speech Be Protected as Free Speech?

16 Oct 2017

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  Question: Should hate speech be protected by the right of free speech? Introduction Hate speech is a controversial and often misinterpreted term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against an individual or a group of individuals based on their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability. The term has been taken to cover written as well as ...

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Germany's Proposals on EU Multiannual Financial Framework

16 Oct 2017

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GERMANY’S REFORM PROPOSALS ON THE FUTURE STRATEGIC DIRECTION OF THE MULTIANNUAL FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK Introduction This report is written from the perspective of Germany concerning the EU Multiannual Financial Framework, which is the seven-year structure that regulates its annual budget. The account starts with a review of the existing financial state and standing of Germany within the context of her strength within the network of states. It ...

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Approaches to Combating Terrorism

16 Oct 2017

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Discuss intelligence approaches to combating terrorism? In 2011, DOJ and FBI operate 104 Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) in the United States of America. Both the agencies includes 4,000 law interpreting officers and agents whose duty is to inquire the terrorism related events taking place in USA. To investigate terrorist plots their operations are highly tactual and focused on the investigation. Through investigation intelligence ...

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Effect of Australia's Two Party System on Liberal Democracy

16 Oct 2017

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'The two-party system is essential to the health of Australian liberal democracy'. The politics of Australia takes place within the framework of a federal constitutional parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The bicameral body of the federal Parliament of Australian to which Australians elect parliamentarians, incorporate a fusion of executive elements inherited from the Westminster system and a strong federalist senate adopted from the United States. Australia ...

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History of US and China's Relationship

16 Oct 2017

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Li Luo Patricia Fillipi   The Inquiry Project - Nixon’s visit to China Introduction Have you ever tried to live your life without “Made in China”? Well, for most people this thought is absolutely crazy. However, one woman in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, wanted to find out. In 2005, she and her family pledged to spend one year without buying anything from China (Adams). The ...

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US Public Attitudes Towards Welfare State | Research Study

16 Oct 2017

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Tim Mulligan   Employment and Attitudes toward People on Welfare Welfare is one of the United States most prominent political issues. Since the U.S welfare system was established in 1935, its fiscal structure, the source of its funding and the qualifications of its recipients have been continuous topics of debate. Because of America’s highly diverse population, a plethora of attitudes have developed regarding the ...

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Pablo Neruda Biography

16 Oct 2017

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Introduction Pablo Neruda’s poetic skills came to light while he was still a teen. He did his writings in diverse styles which include historical epics, surrealist poems, a prose autobiography, overtly political manifestos, and erotically-charged love poems. In most cases he used green ink in his writings, which symbolized desire and hope from a personal perspective. He believed in communism and advocated for world peace and ...

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History and Patterns of Left and Right Politics

16 Oct 2017

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ROLE OF LEFT/RIGHT IDEOLOGIES TODAY INTRODUCTION ‘Left’ and ‘Right are widely used terms today which are differently by scholars. The essay seeks to explore the history of the Lefts and Rights. It defines their views, analyses its importance in the context of the past as well as the present. The relevant terms have a different meaning in varied political systems. An attempt has been made to ...

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Multilateral Approach to Climate Change

16 Oct 2017

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MULTILATERALISM & CLIMATE CHANGE What will it take for the US to embrace a multilateral approach to confront climate change? In your answer, please consider: Overall US attitudes toward multilateralism and global governance What terms for a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol might the US find acceptable? According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (n.d.) (UNFCCC), climate change is a ...

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Are Monarchies More Stable Than Republics?

16 Oct 2017

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ISRAA EMAD Are monarchies more stable than republics in the Middle East? Many of the political observers stood bewildered and astonished against how to explain the ability and solidarity of the Arab Monarchs, Emirs and Sultans to ride out and stand against the storm and the tide of the Arab Spring Revolutions that have swept the Arab Countries during the past three years. For ...

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Religious Rejections of Globalization

16 Oct 2017

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Introduction The conflict between Western and Islamic worlds has drawn the attention of various scholars such as Samuel Huntington and Fukuyama whom predicted future war would be premised on cultural differences. Since the 1990s, countless scholars have analyzed Islam and its connection to religious fundamentalism in order to understand why fundamentalists are so radically opposed to economic modernization and social change. More surprisingly however, is the ...

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Party System in the US Analysis

16 Oct 2017

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NATURE OF THE PARTY SYSTEM This paper examines the nature of the party system in United States. This paper further identifies the reasons for the weaknesses of the American parties. The nature of the American party system is the two-party system. This is a party system whereby there are two dominant political parties that dominate the politics of a given state. Under the two party systems, ...

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Relationship Between Multiculturalism and Liberalism

16 Oct 2017

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In the context of political thought, it would be so hard to think of multiculturalism separate from liberalism. Beyond the scope of political theory, the internal and external dynamics of the countries, the relationship between state and the society have been built on the values of democracy and liberalism. This essay aims to explore and explain the relationship between multiculturalism and liberalism –especially liberal egalitarianism within ...

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Privatization of Public Utilities Essay

16 Oct 2017

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A National Government’s Decision to privatize It’s Public Utilities Introduction There has been a prevalent political agreement on improving-benefit effect of private governance in the last decades. More than $1 trillion revenues have been generated for the government on the sale of government-owned firms to private owners. Public executives nowadays evaluate privatization as a suitable tool to implement a rapid growth of promising product innovations, facilitate ...

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Impact of Foreign Aid on Nigeria Development

16 Oct 2017

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CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION 5.1 Summary This study examined the extent to which Foreign aid; particularly the debt relief initiative has contributed to human development in Nigeria. It particularly sought to examine the relationship between Foreign aid and development considering the underlying political-economic conditions and the effectiveness of aid on human development. This work also sought to analyze how the World Bank’s Debt Relief ...

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Bureaucracy in Pakistan by Charles H. Kennedy | Review

16 Oct 2017

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BOOK REVIEW Suhai Aziz   Book: Bureaucracy in Pakistan Writer: Charles H. Kennedy Published by: Oxford University Press Published in year: 1987 INTRODUCTION OF AUTHOR Charles H. Kennedy has served as director of American institute for Pakistan studies for 13 years. Book Bureaucracy in Pakistan is product of writer’s seven visits spread over a period of 39 months in Pakistan. Mr. Kennedy has written ...

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Challenges to Maritime Security in Southeast Asia

16 Oct 2017

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Lt Mohd Fadhil bin Ahmad Southeast Asia: The Current Challenges of Maritime Security Introduction Since ancient times, the control (or to have at least some forms of control) over the lucrative waterways has always been the ambition of littoral states as well as those with vested and specific interests. The reasons can be abundance, such as that for the purpose of facilitating peaceful trade ...

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Plato and Aristotle Theory of State Comparison

16 Oct 2017

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Compare and contrast Plato’s and Aristotle’s accounts of the ideal ‘polis’ or state. Introduction Plato (student of Socrates) and Aristotle (student of Plato); two of the most persuasive rationalists of the splendid time of Greek era; Plato and Aristotle have colossally helped political rationale, aside distinctive domains. This essay will evaluate two diverse methodologies whilst discussing the reasons of comprehension, disagreement and epistemology itself; as regards ...

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History of the Indian-Pakistan Conflict

16 Oct 2017

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Conflict Analysis 2nd assignment: Choose one conflict from the UCDP data. Identify and map the different historical stages and periods of the conflict using the conflict cycle. How did battle deaths and other forms casualties (one-sided violence) change during the conflict cycle? What kind of pattern do you observe over time? For this essay I have chosen to write about the Indian-Pakistan Conflict over the Kashmir ...

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Miriam Defensor Santiago for President

16 Oct 2017

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Jamaica May Arizapa Kimberly Baltazar   Senate’s Woman of Steel for President All people are deemed to be potential leaders. But only a few achieve the crucial requirements demanded to effectively lead. The capability to head is either connatural or developed. Everybody discerns that leading a country is considerably one of the toughest accountability. A common inquiry of the majority includes the information of ...

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The Meaning of Political Theory

16 Oct 2017

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DISCUSSING THE MEANING OF POLITICAL THEORY Harold Lasswell (1936) defines politics as ‘Who gets what, when and how,’ Leftwitch, (2004). No wonder, then, a myriad of attempts has been made to come up with a conclusive and all-encompassing analytical approach to this study of ‘who gets what, when and how’. Some of these, of course, include; scientific approach, philosophical approach as well as theoretical approach to ...

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Development of Independence From Colonialism

16 Oct 2017

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Ghana was the first country in black Africa to achieve independence, on March 6, 1957. It showed the way to the rest of Africa to free themselves from the colonization which was spread everywhere on the continent. Kwame Nkrumah was the one who inspired by India’s independence came out with the Convention People’s Party (CPP) and brought imperial Britain to leave the Gold Coast (Ghana before ...

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Components of the International Political System

16 Oct 2017

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International Political System I. International Political System and Its Components Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Heraclitus said that the only thing constant in this world is change. Taking this statement, he believes that people must not only accept the changes happening, moreover, they must know how to celebrate it.[1] By trying to look around, one can clearly see the things that have changed and are continuously changing; some ...

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Impact of Communication Technology on Politics and Economics

16 Oct 2017

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Impact of Communication Technologies on Political and Economic Development Joe Owczarski   Introduction Modern-day society is witnessing the continuous creation of innovative mediums concerning communications technology that are not only convenient to use but inexpensive as well. Such digital communication tools include mobile phones, smart phones, and the Internet. It is not a secret that they have been successful in bringing a drastic revolution ...

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Development of Chile's Economic Model

16 Oct 2017

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William Rodriguez Bibliography B: ‘Formal’ (post-colonial) economic and social development policies, plans, programs and projects, from the dawn of the ‘development era’ up to the present time in Chile. Introduction To obtain a complete perspective and framework of the economic and social development of Chile after the independence to the present time it is essential to see the evolution of the political forces and ...

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Strategies of Pressure Groups

16 Oct 2017

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Pressure Groups Robert Hassam Britain is often referred to as a homogenous society as the public tend to share similar political views. However, more recently, there has been a decline in membership in political parties and an increase in the membership of pressure groups. In this essay I aim to define pressure groups, analyse their role and importance to British democracy. According to Duncan ...

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Globalisation and the Nation State

16 Oct 2017

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Globalisation And The Changing Role Of The Nation-State Will the nation-state geo-political structure survive the onslaught of the juggernaut of globalisation? Most scholarly articles take the ‘to be or not to be’ approach in addressing this question. Occasionally, some authors also take the more subtle and diplomatic approach of ‘whatever will be, will be’. However, in this essay I distance myself from popular literature in that ...

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Canada's Policies on Early Childhood Education and Care

16 Oct 2017

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Alex Miles   Paper Title: National early childhood education and care as a policy debate in Canada Despite over 40 years elapsing since publication of the Report of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women (RCSW), which called for a national childcare program as a necessary step towards gender equality, Canada still has no national program for early childhood education and care (ECEC). ...

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South Africa's Position in the African Union Committee

16 Oct 2017

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Delegation from Represented by South Africa Concordia University Position Paper for the African Union Committee The topics before the African Union Committee are: Food Security, Development and NGO Accountability, and China and India’s role in facilitating economic development in Africa. South Africa is strongly committed to collaborating with the various members of the international community. We believe that it is necessary to undertake joint ...

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Balanced Budget Amendment 1997 Analysis

16 Oct 2017

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Balanced Budget Amendment Vu Luu   Introduction In March 4, 1997, the balanced budget amendment was defeated in the United States Senate by just one vote. Fast forward to the present, the United States is facing a $17 trillion deficit versus the $5 trillion in 1997. The question that remains to be asked is had the balanced budget amendment passed the United States Senate ...

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The Crisis of America's Rich/Poor Divide

16 Oct 2017

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Maryam Al Farsi   Money, Inequality and the Crisis of American Democracy A growing amount of American literature we read in class indicates that the greatest threat to the politics and the interests of America today is not the control of some group or a minority, like the rise of new conservatives to power, as much as the threat coming from the growing gap ...

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How to Founding Fathers Developed Democracy

16 Oct 2017

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How the Founding Fathers of the United States designed political institutions that embody the values of democracy and liberty while preventing the rise of tyranny over time? American democracy is often perceived as a true model for democratic institutions around the world. The United States presidential system has often been copied by many states in Africa, Asia and Latin America (Llanos 55). Despite their best efforts, ...

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Comparison of Marxism and Capitalism Political Theories

16 Oct 2017

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Linking Political Theory to Contemporary Politics Alisha N Ancum Abstract A political theory, by definition is the study of concepts and principles that people use to describe, explain, associate, and evaluate events and institutions in society(Girvetz,2013). I will be comparing and contrasting two major political theories, Capitalism and Marxism. Their contrasting ideas are brings about a vast difference in their beliefs. But despite this, ...

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Sources of Government Revenue in South Africa

16 Oct 2017

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Topic Describe and explain sources of revenue for national, provincial and local spheres of government in South Africa. What are some of the ways in which government has encouraged the provincial and local spheres to generate additional sources of revenue to address the growing needs of communities? Introduction Revenue for South Africa is a massive task due to the corruption taking place. , all 3 spheres ...

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Development of Civil Rights

16 Oct 2017

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Dulce Melgoza Rodriguez Civil Rights: Power to the People The seeking of civil rights is a seemingly endless fight that is still experienced in the United States on a daily basis. Since America’s early years, there has been a struggle for people of color to have as much rights as Caucasians. Skin color has determined privilege, and despite the fact that there has been ...

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