Effect of Gender Equality in the Economy

19 Apr 2018

4 (1,491 )

Michael .O. Sanni   Hypothesis: There is a positive correlation between gender equality with respect to economic development. My Initial Hypothesis In the labor market, one may assume that a résumé and credentials are the only significant factor contributing to securing a job in an organization, but that proves to be wrong especially for women. Increasing job opportunities and decent work for women is ...

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Effect of Exchange Rate on Aggregate Demand Shocks

20 Mar 2018

6 (2,205 )

The exchange rate helps insulate the economy from aggregate demand shocks but it may need unsettlingly large changes to do so. This paper will examine the extent to which the exchange rate of a currency can be used to insulate an economy from aggregate demand shocks. First, it will define aggregate demand. Second, it will look at the monetary implications of the aggregate demand curve. Thirdly ...

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Factors That Affect the Market Price of Oil

20 Mar 2018

9 (3,450 )

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE MARKET PRICE OF A PRODUCT SUCH AS THE WORLD PRICE OF OIL IN THE PAST TWO DECADES. BRIEF: 103737 INTRODUCTION In order to have a good understanding of the factors that affect the market price of a product, one will first need to grasp the meaning of what a market is. A market can be defined as an area over which ...

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Supply Chains and Store Operations of Oil Companies

20 Mar 2018

9 (3,376 )

Introduction Recently, the Iraq War and the War on Terror have caused some surges for the energy industry; oil prices have been heavily fluctuated. Ironically, the solid performance in overall oil industry suggests that oil companies are heading with decent momentum. ‘The surge in oil prices, from $10 a barrel in 1998 to above $50 in early 2005, has prompted talk of a new era of ...

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Comparative, Absolute, and Competitive Advantage in trade

20 Mar 2018

5 (1,749 )

Introduction Global Exchange and trade are the trading procedure of products, and administrations worldwide. In 2010, the estimation of worldwide treads accomplished 19 trillion (US) dollars that are around 30% of the world GDP (Abedini, n.d.). That is almost one third of creation of merchandise and administrations are traded globally around the globe. Global exchange is the trade between two individuals or elements in two separate ...

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Developed Nations and Underdeveloped Nations Economic Growth

20 Mar 2018

7 (2,465 )

Forecasting the gap of Economical Growth between the Developed Nations and Underdeveloped Nations (Application of Winter Forecasting). Muhammad Bilal Literature Review: In 1981 street of Beijing, China was filled with pedestrians, bicycles, a few cars and small buildings. Thirty years later the same street having traffic-jam of cars and skyscrapers. How this city transformed into a mega-city having underground train stations, state of the ...

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Difference Between Common Market and Custom Union

20 Mar 2018

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George Walles How does a common market differ from a custom union with respect to the dynamic effects of European economic integration? What may impede the transition from a customs union to a common market? This essay will be looking to identify how a common market differs from a custom union in respect to dynamic effects of European economic integration. After that, the essay ...

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Trade Barriers and Restrictions in Malaysia

20 Mar 2018

6 (2,147 )

Introduction Every nations and regions have its trade barriers and restriction including Malaysia as well. Trade barriers are the restrictions set by government on international trade and national trade. For instance, customs duties, import and export taxes, import licenses, export licenses, subsidies, import quota, trade restriction, and etc. The purpose of having trade barriers and restriction instead of free trade system basically is because government need ...

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Economies of Scale & Economies of Scope in long run

20 Mar 2018

9 (3,598 )

Paridhi Gupta Introduction Economies all about cost effectiveness. The term Scale is all about the benefits gained by the production of large volume of a product. The term scope is linked to the benefits gained by producing a wide variety of products by efficiently utilizing to same operations. What are Economies of Scale? The term economies of scale refers to a situation where ...

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Impact of Informality on Consumption

20 Mar 2018

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Abstract By using a simple model, it will be analyzed the impact that informality has in the amount of consumption of the workers during their life cycle. This paper deals with the interconnections of under-reported earnings, savings and old-age pension. The workers sampled for this analys have been divided into three groups: 1. Low income emloyees, 2. Higher income employees who declare all incomes, 3. Employees ...

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Determinants of Intra-industry Trade

20 Mar 2018

4 (1,248 )

Intra-industry trade has been growing rapidly in the past three decades. The main characteristic for intra-industry trade is countries import and export same kind of goods but different levels of quality. Likewise, in intra-industry trade, the goods exchanged are not perfect substitutes. Many studies suggest that more specialized trade structure and more developed countries lead to higher intra-industry trade. Menon (1996) found that in Malaysia and ...

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Rupee Depreciation: Challenges for Indian logistics Sector

20 Mar 2018

6 (2,033 )

Abhinav Goyal Article Rupee depreciation creates challenges for Indian logistics sector Depreciation of Indian Rupee against the US Dollar has created a challenging environment for the Indian logistics sector, owing to the increased costs of operation for both international shipping companies and the domestic transportation companies, and increased costs of services for end users (manufacturing and distribution companies) within the country. The challenges for logistics end users are primarily in case ...

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Changes to Spending Capacity in the US Under Obama

20 Mar 2018

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TABLE OF CONTENTS (JUMP TO) HAS THE SPENDING CAPACITY OF AVERAGE AMERICAN INCREASED UNDER OBAMA? CONCLUSION APPENDIX TABLE OF FIGURES Figure 1: Spending capacity presentation Figure 3: Spending in various sectors TABLES Table 1: Comparison between the spending capacity of Bush and Obama HAS THE SPENDING CAPACITY OF AVERAGE AMERICAN INCREASED UNDER OBAMA? There has been a drastic change in the economic condition of America ...

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Changes in UK Labour Productivity: Analysis

20 Mar 2018

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Introduction The Agents’ scores for capacity constraints: The series of scores inside the Agents’ Summary of Business Conditions, which is generated by 12 regional officies (Agencies), is a tool for Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) to track the underlying trend in economic factors. The Agents in each region gather the information on economic conditions from their contacts, then judge what value to score subjectively. The scores are ...

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Impact of Labour Shortage on Economic Growth of Australia

20 Mar 2018

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Table of Contents (Jump to) Impact of Labour Shortage on Economic Growth of Australia CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Purpose of the Study Context of the Study Problem Statement Research Questions CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW The Concept of Skilled Labour Skills Shortage Skills Shortage in Australia CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Data Collection and Analysis Methods Quantitative Data Collection Qualitative Data Collection Description of ...

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Economic Scarcity and Finite Resources

20 Mar 2018

8 (3,147 )

Introduction As the technology boom continues to strive throughout the 20th and 21st century, industries are forced to produce products for the increase in demand. By doing so, manufacturers are blindly meeting these demands while negatively affecting our environment, specifically pollution. In order to produce the materials and components required for modern day technology, industries must manipulate factories that produced billions of tonnes of ...

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Economy During Civil War and Slavery

20 Mar 2018

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Group A: Colonial Experience 3. How could each of the various labor arrangements extant in the colonies be characterized? Why did the mix of people working under different arrangements change over time? The labor arrangements in colonial times widely varied from indentured servitude, redemptioners, prisoners, African slaves, to those from the free population. Indentured servants were individuals contracted to a certain type of work for an ...

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Literature Review on Mortgage Default

20 Mar 2018

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Literature review The evolution of mortgage default studies is characterized by Quercia and Stegman (1992) into three types of studies. The earliest work dating back to the 1970s focuses from a lender's perspective on simple correlations and regression models capturing important borrower characteristics that can forecast bankruptcy. Home equity, income variability, loss of employment, death, and divorce are found to be the most important predictors of ...

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Economic Profiles of Arab Countries

19 Mar 2018

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QATAR Qatar has been ranked as the world’s wealthiest country on a new list compiled by the prestigious US. Qatar has 2,051 million people, the majority of whom (about 90%) live in Doha, the capital. Qatar is the 146th most populated nation , age structure 0–14 years: 21.8% (male 92,896/female 87,201) 15–64 years: 76.8% (male 451,127/female 182,330) 65 years and over: 1.4% (male 6,545/female 4,690) (2008 ...

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Paul Samuelson: An Intellectual Biography

19 Mar 2018

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Abstract Paul Samuelson was one of the greatest economists from the 20thcentury. The man has created many aspects of contemporary economics. Therefore, we can discuss basically anything from economic growth, welfare economics, stabilization policies, international trade, or anyone of the other issues that many have caught your eye (Nordhaus, 2005). The following paper shows the one of the greatest contribution that Paul Samuelson offered to the ...

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David Ricardo: The Comparative Advantage

19 Mar 2018

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As a successful classical economist of the 1700 to 1800s, David Ricardo is known for many of his contributions to political and classical economics including the theory of comparative advantage. The theory of comparative advantage suggests that a person can have a comparative advantage at producing something if he or she can produce it at a lower cost than anyone else. On a larger scale, the ...

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Microeconomics: Elasticity Concept of Supply and Demand

19 Mar 2018

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INTRODUCTORY MICROECONOMICS CONTENTS NO. CONTENT PAGE NO. 1. ELASTICITY CONCEPT OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY 3 2. PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY 2.1 Price Elasticity of Demand 2.2 Income Elasticity of Demand 2.3 Cross Price Elasticity of Demand 2.4 Price Elasticity of Supply ...

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An Examination of SMEs in Vietnam

19 Mar 2018

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Definition of SME Nowadays in Vietnam, developing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is highly concerned by the government because a country prosperity depends lots on the health of the economy and enterprises. At the beginning of developing a market-oriented economy especially, SMEs play a key role because they take up most of enterprises in the economy, let alone creating the most of the labor ...

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The Impact of Exports on Firms

19 Mar 2018

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INTRODUCTION The analysis in this report deals with the question of whether firms that start exporting become more productive, that is better of when they involve in intrenational trade or are already very productive before they embark on international trade. Firstly, and most importantly, we note the empirical findings which indicates that exporters are better of than non exporters. Some studies confirm facts from numerous countries, ...

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India: the 2015 Budget and the Stock Market

19 Mar 2018

6 (2,261 )

Introduction The Union Budget 2015-16 was presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on 28th February and was a highly anticipated event for all sections of the Indian society. It was the first budget of the newly formed Government under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The government was formed with full support from the people of India, who considered P.M. Narendra Modi to be a ...

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Role of International Institutions: Effects of Globalisation

19 Mar 2018

8 (2,909 )

Introduction Different theories and scholars exist in the literature regarding different “globalisation” definitions.While BBCNews (2015) indicated that globalisation is the process by which the world is turning out to be gradually interconnected as a consequence of vastly expanded exchange and social trade, which expanded the generation of the production of goods and services. Besides, according to Baylis et al (2014: P.19) argued that”globalisation denotes ...

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Monetary Policies in Financial Crisis

19 Mar 2018

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i) OECD is the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development is an extraordinary gathering where the legislatures of 34 majority rule governments with business sector economies work with one another, and in addition with more than 70 non-part economies to advance monetary development, thriving and reasonable improvement. The association gives a setting where governments can hope to measure up approach encounters, look for answers to normal ...

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Flexibility-security Nexus: the Concept of Flexicurity

19 Mar 2018

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Meenakshi Shree Gautam Introduction Workers, companies, sectors of industry, national governments have usually been found facing a twofold expectation. On one side, there is a strong demand to bring more flexibility to labor markets, employment and work organization, while at same time an equally strong demand for providing security to employees, especially the vulnerable groups. Flexicurity suggests that the flexibility and security can co-exist ...

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Use of Multiple Production Locations by MNEs in Asia

19 Mar 2018

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Briefly explain the reasons why many multinational enterprises in Asia utilise multiple production locations located in a number of countries for production of parts and components and assembly of final goods. Globalisation facilitates dramatically in the past and progressed by modern transportation, communication and improved legal rules and regulations to open markets to international trade and finance. The companies also contributed by internationalise their ...

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Agricultural Wage – Productivity Relationship Analysis

19 Mar 2018

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A STUDY ON AGRICULTURAL WAGE – PRODUCTIVITY RELATIONSHIP WITH REFERENCE TO GROUNDNUT CROP IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT (ANDHRA PRADESH) Dr. E. Lokanadha Reddy,   Abstract— The increase in production and productivity are influencing agricultural wages. But the results of empirical studies have shown a positive relationship between real wages and productivity. It is also observed that the real wages seem to have declined or remained stagnant in ...

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Impact and Implications of International Trade Agreements

19 Mar 2018

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It also requires from its signatories to extend most-favoured-nation (MFN) status to other trading partners participating in the WTO. MFN status means that each WTO member receives the same tariff treatment for its goods in foreign markets as that extended to the “most-favoured” country competing in the same market, and in consequence eliminating any possible preferences or discriminatory activities. In 1995 the GATT became the World ...

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Malaysian Government Expenditure’s Trends

19 Mar 2018

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Background of study Malaysia is a small and open economy which has middle income country. Malaysia is a country on the move. Today, Malaysia becomes an export-driven economy which accelerates one’s by high technology, knowledge-based and capital-intensive industries. Malaysia’s economy achieves successes in economic development because of economy transformation in an effective public policy. The role of policy not only can ...

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Structure of the Federal Reserve System and Banks

19 Mar 2018

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The structure and mission of the European Central Bank, The Bank of Japan and The People’s Bank of China. Do any of these central banks resemble the structure of the Federal Reserve System? If so in what ways? Abstract The central bank is the national currency issuers, is country's bank, is bank's bank. Different countries have different central bank structure and mission. Different structure and mission ...

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Changes in International Financial Markets

19 Mar 2018

6 (2,146 )

What forces have brought a rapid change in the field of IFM? Today’s financial reality is that fiat money knows no national boundary. We do live in a global village era. Development in one country or region can spill over across borders. One branch of study that consider the financial landscape is Financial Management (FM) which is mainly concerned with optimal financial decisions, such as those ...

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Trends and Concepts of Startups

19 Mar 2018

8 (2,924 )

Definition of startup Similar to SMEs, there are quite a lot of definitions on startup. According to Eric Ries, the creator of Lean Startup Methodology, as well as the author of the popular entrepreneurship blog – Startup Lesson Learned, startup – in its essential nature, is a human institution designed to deliver a new product or service under conditions of extreme uncertainties. The first ...

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