Cost Control Techniques in the Construction Industry

03 Oct 2016 09 May 2017

8 (3,047 )

1.1 Objectives Project cost control weaken the common problem. Strengthen cost control, change the efficiency of enterprises is fundamental the survival and development projects in a market economy. Many companies have recognize the importance cost control, some companies development of relevant cost control system, some enterprises in implementing cost control responsibility, and made valuable experience of cost control. However, from the overall perspective, Project cost control related ...

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A Profile Of Construction Industry In India

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

13 (5,010 )

The present study reports profile of construction industry in India. It points that construction industry is one of the oldest industries providing ample employment to the people from village level to metropolitan cities. The size of construction industry ranges from small company owned by one or two individuals to a large industry employing thousands of people. In the present work inherent nature of construction industry have been ...

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The Accuracy Of Quantity Surveyors

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

25 (9,811 )

In view of the fact that the profession was being introduced in the country, Quantity Surveyors are construction professionals which being patronized under the Institution of Surveyors, Malaysia and its Board of Quantity Surveyor Malaysia. Advices are given by Quantity Surveyors on aspects of financial and contractual administration (ISM, 2004). ISM (2004) define, the Quantity Surveyor as the experts of capable in cost and management of construction ...

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Management Principles: The Latham Report

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

3 (841 )

The Latham report (July 1994) commissioned by UK Gov, written by Sir Michael Latham was an influential report defining the construction industries failures, constraints and procedures. The report identifies construction projects from start to finish, including the understanding of professional rolls, contract variations to achieve 'best practices' including procurement and contract mediation. Clients are understood as having a key role towards the speed of a construction project. ...

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Light gauge steel: History

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

7 (2,594 )

History and Development of Light Gauge Steel Within the Construction Industry At the end of World War Two, many countries, including the United Kingdom, Japan, France and Germany were suffering from an acute housing shortage. It was at this time that the use of light gauge steel was introduced into the construction industry by using it as a cladding system within the building of steel framed ...

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Public Transportation | Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

9 (3,347 )

Public transportation is an essential service that must be provided by the government to its citizen. Yet, it still an issue faced by most of developing countries all over the world including Malaysia. As it begins to transform itself to become a developed country in 2020, it is a crucial to have comfortable, reliable and affordable world-class public transportation system to meet the target. According to Ministry ...

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Methods Of Estimating For Cost Planning

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

6 (2,339 )

In the Construction industry, cost planning is a vital management process for control the overrun cost of project and gets maximum returns to the client within client agreed budget. Generally Quantity Surveyor as a Cost Manager who is involve to prepare cost planning and cost controlling process for specific stages with respect to the RIBA plan of work. There are some significant estimating methods for cost planning ...

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Materials For Cladding System

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

7 (2,623 )

The materials for cladding are often chosen for their manufacturing parameters, cost, durability as well as appearance. Examples of the materials are metal cladding and precast concrete cladding. Both of these differ in terms of strength, durability and cost of each material. Metal Cladding The durability of a metal cladding is affected by type of material, exposure of the panel, local environment factors, corrosion protection as well ...

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Impacts of construction industries in the UK

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

2 (765 )

1.0 Introduction The construction industry is a significantly important sector in the UK and has profound economical, social and environmental impacts. The UK construction industry contributes 10% of UK GDP and provides employments to 1.5 million people. Unfortunately, the environmental impacts caused by the construction activities are appalling: annually 70 million tones of waste are produced and 50% of all energy generated is used by the ...

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Access to safe drinking-water

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

5 (1,960 )

ASSIGNMENT Access to safe drinking-water is essential to health, a basic human right and a component of effective policy for health protection. The nature and form of drinking-water standards may vary among countries and regions. There is no single approach that is universally applicable. A number of governmental and non-governmental agencies provide guidance on safeguarding the quality of public water supplies. The documents according to which the ...

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Literature review and sustainable construction

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

6 (2,167 )

Literature Review Literature review consists of providing the author knowledge about the research area that is being undertaken. It shows what authors have to say about the research area and to criticise works done previously, this is to be related to the topic area and to identify the central issues as part of the study. According to Dr S.G. Naoum (2007) there are five main activities involved ...

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The Construction Industry Benchmark

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

14 (5,522 )

Construction Industry Benchmark The Review of the UK Construction Industry Benchmark Reports The first and foremost major report that reviewed the performance of the UK construction industry was enacted in 1929 and several other reports had followed suite up till the present time (Cain, 2003). Due to the multitudes of problems plaguing the UK construction industry, the UK government had at different times assembled teams of expert ...

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Modern Methods And Sustainable Built Environment

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

6 (2,169 )

The term Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) generally refers to off-site and prefabricated construction. Over recent years the use of MMC has increased within the construction industry as Construction Company's look to develop quicker, cheaper and more sustainable construction techniques than that of traditional methods. Sustainable Technology has been incorporated into construction to preserve the environment for future generations. The term Sustainable Development was first mentioned in ...

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Osha 1994 In Malaysian Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,988 )

The construction industry is the builder of our modern world. Nowadays, rapid economic development has not only led to the significant improvement in incomes and the quality of life, but also resulting in great increases in the number of people killed and injured at work. The statistics of accidents at construction sites give us a picture that Malaysian construction industry is one of the critical sectors that ...

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Tendering And Methods

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,980 )

The method of single stage selective tendering involves finding contractors, possibly from previous experience, and asking them to submit tenders for the project at hand. Because you choose your contractors yourself you can properly dig to find the best one. Past experience is always a help in making your decision, not only this but you can take into account the resources of the company you're using, their ...

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Industrialised Building System: Precast Concrete Elements

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

16 (6,324 )

In Malaysia, the implementation of Industrialised Building System (IBS) by using precast concrete elements were introduced since 1966 when the government lauched two projects which involves the construction of Rifle range Road Flats in Penang and Tuanku Abdul Rahman Flats in Kuala Lumpur. From the survey conducted by CIDB Malaysia, the level of usage in IBS in the local construction industry is 15 % in 2003 although ...

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The Importance Of Risk Management

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,995 )

Risk management is an important part of decision making process in a construction company. Risk can affect productivity, performance, quality, and budget of a construction project. This chapter gives an overview of construction project risks. Meanwhile, risks in construction project will be recognized and classified into several groups. Furthermore, the current trend in risk management researches will also be discussed in this chapter. It is very important ...

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The Project Of The Channel Tunnel

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,894 )

The Channel Tunnel is considered to be the largest private sector infrastructure project of the twentieth century. It is a fixed link transportation system comprising twin rail tunnels with an additional service tunnel each 50.5 kilometres in length. These run below the English Channel connecting England and France. The terminals can be found in Folkstone in the UK and Coquelles, near Calais in France. In 1986, a ...

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Potential Causes Of Variation

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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Literature reviews that of Variations and Variation Orders requires a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of Variations (Hester et al., 1991).Variations some of which are financial, design aesthetics, changes in drawings, weather, geological and geotechnical reasons. From the literature review, there were 53 causes of Variations identified and these Variations are mainly caused by the Employer, Consultants and Contractors. As shown in Figure 1, these causes ...

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Green roofs in Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

13 (4,959 )

In Malaysia, green roofs are considered as a fairly new concept although the concept offers many benefits. Green roofs promotes amenity and aesthetic benefits, environmental benefits, and economic benefits. The principal aim of this research is to improve the quality of green roof systems in Malaysia by develop design guidelines for green roof systems. This research will identify the performance benefits of green roof, the current phenomenon ...

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Factors Contributing To Building Defects

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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Defects occur in building for a variety of reasons. This is perhaps not surprising when one considers the wide range of materials and techniques used in the construction of building, differences in condition on building sites and the varied occupational uses of the completed building. The defects in buildings occur because the inadequate or drawback of the original design, the building was constructed without according with the ...

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Environmental Impact: Malaysia New Airport

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

11 (4,191 )

This report is about the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the evaluation and consideration of building a new airport for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to replace the existing Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport Kuala Lumpur. The proposed new Kuala Lumpur International Airport is in Sepang, Selangor. This report is prepared by consultant group from Syaszee & Co. appointed by the government for carrying out studies on the EIA ...

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Construction Essays - Building Demolition

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

6 (2,386 )

Identify a derelict building and taking into account factors such as its previous use, condition, structural features and location, prepare a plan for the safe demolition of the building that identifies the preferred method of demolition and outlines suitable technical and procedural control measures. The objectives of this report are to identify a derelict building and plan its demolition. The planning has to take account of the ...

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George Street Bridge Project Charter

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

5 (1,623 )

This Project Charter outlines the budget, schedule, scope, milestones and delivery strategy for design & construction of the George Street Bridge, Newport. This charter also includes the major risks and risk mitigation strategies associated with this construction Project. Once the project charter is complete, the project team will finalize a detailed construction schedule. And after the approval is granted by the Council, the project will be guided ...

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The Root Causes Of Accidents On Construction

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

7 (2,591 )

The construction industry is one of the biggest industries in the whole world. The contribution of this industry towards the global GDP is enormous. The construction industry is also a potential employment generator and employs large number of skilled and unskilled labors. In UK the construction industry employs more than 2.1 million people and accounts for around 9% of the total employment within UK (Howarth and Watson., ...

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The Building Materials Used In Construction

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

5 (1,885 )

In the world of construction, the king of building materials is concrete. It is the most common material and it constitutes the base of a lot of constructions like buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels, water pipes dams etc. It is an absolutely indispensable tool of civil engineers that is used for more than a century. Before its existence the largest portion of constructions was covered by two other ...

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The Implementation Of New Procurement Methods In India

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

25 (9,864 )

The construction industry in India is complex, challenging and unique. Selecting appropriate procurement method is a critical feature. In India even today traditional procurement methods are used. The options of adapting new procurement methods are open but there are various challenges in implementing them. This study will identify the barriers and difficulties which restrict the implementation of new procurement methods in India. The literature review investigated characteristics ...

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The Characteristics Of Design And Build

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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The construction projects involve many activities. A construction project can refer to any building activity that includes building, repair, erection, demolition, maintenance, land clearing, earth moving, excavating, trenching, digging, boring, drilling, blasting, concreting, installation etc. (Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act, 1996). All these activities require large number of goods and services. Large number of transactions is needed to be set up to support the project. The ...

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Construction Management Procurement Route

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

9 (3,261 )

Cinnamon Grand is the privately owned large hotel chain in UK, they offer comfortable accommodation across the UK and are committed to preserving their rich heritage therefore they are very passionate about the outlook of their hotel buildings. A recent period of bad weather and severe storms has resulted in three Cinnamon Grand hotels being significantly destroyed in the south east of the UK. All destroyed hotel ...

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Construction Methodology Of Laying A Sewerage Pipes

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

7 (2,732 )

Briefly explain with the aid of diagramme, the construction methodology of laying a sewerage pipes and describe the reasons of different bedding type for vitrified clay (rigid) pipes and ABS (flexible) pipes. Above: pipes should be laid with fall. Side: excavation of trench. Below: workers are placing the pipes in the trench. The first thing to construct drains is a ground plan of the site, showing the ...

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Success And Failure Of Project Methods At Heathrow

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

6 (2,235 )

This report is prepared to analyze the success and failure of the project methods and its process. For this purpose the project of Terminal 5 at Heathrow Airport is discussed. The Barry Leonard, 2009 explained about project management that it is a process of planning; organizing, allocating and controlling different resources to provide improved result of organizational project. It involves different set of activities to apply techniques ...

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Workplace Safety And Health Policy And Objectives

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

20 (7,620 )

Safety and health issues are critical to every workplace. Regrettably many companies realize the benefits of good safety and health practices only after an accident has taken place. The lessons learnt from such an oversight are often very distressing, painful and costly for any organization. The Workplace Safety and Health Act came into force in March 2006. It requires all stakeholders to take reasonable practicable measures to ...

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The Causes Of Construction Site Accidents

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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The construction industry is not only known as an industry which is developing rapidly but it is known for its highly dangerous activities as well. In Malaysia, hazardous works on construction sites that cause accidents are taken as a crucial matter. Every single year, construction workers are among the people who are always to get caught in accidents. This serious problem has caused them to involve in ...

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Analysing Of The Riba Work Stages

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

6 (2,172 )

On each of the initial work stages of a project the architect is involved in many ways and uses many skills. Before the architect begins any work they must be appointed under the RIBA concise conditions agreement or SW 99. The following is a brief outline of what an architect does in a RIBA standard agreement between architect and client. The first two RIBA work stages come ...

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Space For The New Orthopedic Service Line

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

11 (4,023 )

Before the decision to build is determined there are several mitigating factors that must be considered first which are: creating customer surveys based on more defined community interest, doing market research to see the location to build the facility, taking time with the other specialist or constituent groups to listen to their input on building the facility given their past knowledge, taking time to focus on the ...

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Risk Assessment Approaches To Constructing Road

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

5 (1,652 )

As an employer you have a business objective as well as a moral and legal obligation to provide and maintain a safe and healthy workplace that is, as far as reasonably practicable, free from risk and hazards. In doing so employers conducts risk assessment, this is intended to determine the potential harm to workers and other persons in the workplace, and implement control measures to eliminate these ...

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Risk Management When Working At Height

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

8 (2,835 )

The Regulations apply to all work at height where there is a risk of a fall liable to cause personal injury. They place duties on employers, the self-employed, and any person who controls the work of others. These regulations have been made to prevent the Deaths and Injuries caused each year by falls at work. They also REPLACE all the earlier regulations about working at height and ...

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The Life Of A Construction Manager

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

3 (1,185 )

A construction manager is someone whose job it is to oversee, monitor and co ordinate the process of construction of a building from design and initial planning stage to finish of the building. This means architects, by the nature of their jobs can to some extent also act in the capacity of a project manager since they are trained in document control and financing projects as well ...

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Project Analysis Of New Wembley Stadium

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

7 (2,537 )

The construction of the new Wembley stadium is a project which has been both controversial and fascinating. The aim of the project was to design and build a state-of-the-art national stadium, unlike any other in the world, to be the home of English football and to host large events such as Cup Finals, music events and athletics. The new stadium is eventually expected to become an icon ...

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Problems And Barrier To Implement Of Osha 1994

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

15 (5,729 )

Problem Statement Malaysia construction industry is the higher fatalities compared with among all the industry in Malaysia table 1 Occupational accident by sector for the category of death from 2009 April to 2011 April shown at below. (Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), 2009-2011). Implementing safety and health requirement should be part of Contractors responsible. (Dongping.F, et al., 2006, p: 434) Contractors comply with Occupational Safety ...

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The History Of Concrete In The Building Industry

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

7 (2,595 )

Throughout history, the use of concrete as a building material has contributed significantly to the built environment. Enduring examples of various forms of concrete can be found as far back as the early Egyptian civilisation. Significant building remnants still exist from the Roman civilization, which used concretes made from naturally occurring volcanic ash pozzolans, mixed with water, sand and stone. Now concrete is being used in the ...

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A Study On Building Maintenance Of Residential Apartment

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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Building defects are common phenomena especially for those old residential apartments. Lack of maintenance management is one of the factors which lead to poor building condition. Despite the authorities in charge of building maintenance, the residents are also a factor contributing to poor maintenance on building. Misusing the facilities, poor management team, insufficiency of fund for maintenance, the use of poor quality material by the maintenance department, ...

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Human Factors In The Aviation Industry

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

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'Human factors' is one of the most used terms in the aviation industry. It was quoted in the Civil Aviation Authority - CAP 715 that "aircraft accidents recorded from around the world brought the need to address human factors issues in this environment into sharp focus6". Human factor can be fairly described as a mistakes or error that is cause by a human behaviour. It is also ...

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Potential Disadvantages Associated With Refurbishment

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

6 (2,335 )

Introduction From reading the chapter on the advantages of refurbishment, you could be thinking that refurbishment is the way to go because of all the positives surrounding it like, the social advantages, shorter time scale, environmental considerations, less money etc. But as we all know, for every argument, there is an up side and a down side. This chapter highlights the potential disadvantages, risks and problems that ...

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School of Civil Engineering and Construction

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

14 (5,557 )

Introduction In construction projects, concrete, along with steel, wood, glass, etc, is one of the most essential materials that are needed for a successful manufacture of a structure. It one of the most common materials on a construction site and accounts for billions of pounds everywhere across the world. Due to ever-increasing machinery and technological advancements concrete can now be made of a mixture of compound materials, ...

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Public Bus Transportation In Kota Kinabalu

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

9 (3,359 )

Currently, bus is the main public transportation in the city of Kota Kinabalu. Despite being perceived as less comfortable, less physically attractive, non-punctual and unsafe, it still functioning to bring passengers to their destinations. This research paper aims to provide a critical overview of the public bus importance at the past, present and future time. It is crucial to identify the reason why bus is important in ...

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The Traditional Malay House

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

9 (3,455 )

This study is to analyze the modern traditional vernacular Malay house. How is the origin Malay house being transform into modern vernacular houses and what is the effect of contemporary materials. The kampong Baru is located in the capital city of Malaysia, Kuala lumpur. This is a reserved area for the Malay ethnic groups. From the case study will found out the climatic effect of using contemporary ...

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Working Hours Of Construction Employees In Hong Kong

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

12 (4,703 )

This study examines whether the local construction workers satisfied with the length of their working hours and whether there is necessary for the Government to constrain the working hours of the labours by imposing regulations or similar control measures. For your background of this study, this chapter outlined (1) background of this study; (2) the aim and objectives of this study; (3) methodology adopted and (4) overview ...

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Prefabricated Components In Warehouse Buildings

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

18 (7,063 )

The Malaysian construction industry is undergoing changes from an industry which employs conventional method to a mechanized and systematic system which utilizes the latest technologies. Prefabrication technology is a new construction method in the construction industry. This is vital for the future growth of the industry, given the trend towards global competition. Prefabricated systems have been introduced in Malaysia by the application of pre-cast concrete in beam-column ...

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Impact Of Variations On Project Performance

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

4 (1,202 )

Given a well-structured schedule of works, the maximum project performance could be achieved if the work progress flows smoothly within the time frame and within the budget. However, it is rare that a project performs according as scheduled due to several reasons such as market conditions changes and Variations on the design drawings or contract. Therefore, the occurrence of Variations has negative impact on project performance. Thomas ...

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Providing Affordable Housing: Modern methods of construction

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

11 (4,313 )

So called "Modern Methods" of construction have been put forward as a solution for solving the problem of providing affordable housing in sustainable communities for the UK. In a report for senior managers of a major housing development company propose and justify modern methods of construction to replace traditional construction production techniques. There is growing concern in UK that housing is becoming more and more expensive. There ...

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Using Lime As A Construction Material

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

12 (4,468 )

Lime is a material comprising any physical and chemical forms under which calcium and/or magnesium oxide (CaO and MgO) and/or hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 and Mg(OH)2) can appear. Lime plays an important role as a construction material. The main uses of lime are as follows: In soil treatment and stabilization to provide a platform for heavy construction such as roads, earthen dams, airfields, and building foundations. As an additive ...

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The Factors Influencing The Built Environment

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Introduction The proposal assumes the role of a developer presenting to the client. This will help the client to understand the factors influencing the Built Environment (Moxon Street) site. The site would be developed for a 'Student Accommodation'. Though details of the site are not given in the report but an overview of all the factors that would affect the site development, the techniques used, the precautions ...

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Recycled Concrete Aggregate And Implementation Problem

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

4 (1,271 )

Aggregate is one of the most vitally important materials in use for production as it profoundly influences concrete properties and performances. In terms of volume, aggregate is now one of the most widely used materials in the construction industry and, consequently, its treatment at the point of demolition is attracting mush interest. This is to represent total aggregate production, including usage in concrete and road base. Aggregate ...

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Timber frame housing: A viable alternative

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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Timber frame housing a viable alternative to masonry Construction 1.1 Introduction Chapter one of this dissertation will review relevant articles of primary and secondary data to evaluate the hypothesis: Timber Frame construction a viable alternative to masonry construction. The main objective of this literature review is to increase the knowledge and understanding of the research and to critically apprise all that has been researched on timber frame ...

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Importance Of Efficiency In Building Maintenance Practices

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

6 (2,257 )

Abstract Building maintenance practices are very crucial no matter what kind of building whether residential or commercial.The practices must be carried out by the management properly and efficiently to ensure the target of the management can be achieve. Nowadays, many issue arise regarding building maintenance including quality of services provided, unmaintained facility and many more. So to reduce or avoid all these problem, the management team should ...

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Management Of Site Staff And Direct Labour

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

15 (5,863 )

The physical resources in a construction project account for a considerable amount of money and time. It is fundamental to the success of a construction project that these physical resources are managed and scheduled properly. Patrick (2004) comments that resource management is one of the most important aspects of construction project management in today's climate because the construction industry is resource-intensive and the costs of construction resources ...

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Construction of the road

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

7 (2,711 )

1. Introduction Roads are constructed to bring benefits to the people. Investment in roads is huge for which funding most time is limited. Therefore the decision to invest and protect the investment in form of maintenance is important so as to bring optimal benefits and value for money. In order to maximise the benefits in the choice of investment, road investment appraisal may well be part of the ...

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Shape Memory Alloys Manufacturing Processes

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

9 (3,294 )

Smart materials have been one of the fastest growing materials needed for medical device manufacturing. Smart materials, according to the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, are defined as 'Materials that can significantly change their mechanical properties (such as shape, stiffness, and viscosity), or their thermal, optical, or electromagnetic properties, in a predictable or controllable manner in response to their environment'. It is this property of ...

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Simply Supported And Cantilever Beams

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

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A beam is a structural member which safely carries loads i.e. without failing due to the applied loads. We will be restricted to beams of uniform cross-sectional area. Simply Supported Beam A beam that rests on two supports only along the length of the beam and is allowed to deflect freely when loads are applied. Note - see section A of unit. Cantilever Beam A beam that ...

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Construction Essays | Value Management Risk

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

13 (4,954 )

Value Management Risk Rationale for Study Throughout my 4th year of the Honours Degree Quantity Surveying Programme, I found the Value and Risk Appraisal module very interesting especially the topic of Value Management. I had never really come across this topic before and only heard the term used a few times but didn’t really know what was involved. From undertaking that specific module, it seems that Value ...

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Health and safety management

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

5 (1,714 )

1) Introduction: The main objective of Health and Safety Management at work place is to fulfil Legal responsibility, Moral responsibility and Economical responsibility which are reasonably practicable for the company and its employees. Every Construction company has to follow the legal responsibilities to ensure the health and safety of the employees and other people involved in the business. The right approach is not only about taking the ...

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Wsh Policy And Objectives At Azura

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

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AZURA Chemical was established in 2009 and is situated in the Jurong Island, Singapore. It has a staff strength of 50 people. The company is a manufacturer of Ethoxylated Surfactants. Their main products are Ethoxylate Surface Active Agents; Polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters; Polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oils; Polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers. The company core values are. We believe and value open communication at every level in the organisation. ...

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Design liability under NEC

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

15 (5,679 )

Design Liability under NEC Problem Every construction or engineering project is generally designed and occasionally defects occur as a result of defective design. These defects if possible then have to be rectified and this has associated costs. Where interested parties cannot agree on which of them is responsible for the defect they often seek a legal remedy to allocate costs. To avoid this legal entanglement the majority ...

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Material Wastage On Construction Sites Work

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

15 (5,860 )

Material waste is recognised as a major dilemma in the construction industry and has important implications. The construction industry has been reported to be generating intolerable levels of material waste. This report reviews the causes and preventions of wastage of materials in the construction industry. The report also assists clients, main contractors, subcontractors and others who work in the construction industry with advice on how each individual ...

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Dispute Resolution Methods And Procurement

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

9 (3,479 )

The term of procurement method is frequently complex network of relationships which are formed between clients, consultants and construction companies, to enable a building project to be realized. Quantity Surveyors know how to provide a full Procurement solution at the inspection stage. There are essential client's requirements at inspection stage such as; Advice on procurement method, Contractual advice, Contractor selection, Preparation of tender and contract documentation, Forms ...

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The Importance Of Data Collection

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

6 (2,027 )

In this chapter, data collection will be carrying out to meet its aim and objectives. Data collection is a way to describe a process of preparing and collection data. Furthermore data collection can defined as an important aspect of any type of research study. Any inaccurate data collection may lead to invalid result and affect result of study. In other word, this chapter will review method applies ...

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Employers Responsibility For Health And Safety

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

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Examine how an employer's responsibility for ensuring health and safety of employees has changed in the transition from industrial to post- industrial systems and consider how stress, depressive disorders and harassment have become increasingly significant issues in the context of labour protection. Introduction In modern era belief of every organization is to provide safer working place in comparison with past industrial period. It means workers can do ...

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Advice On Wsh Legal Compliance Issues

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

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The company is planning to set up a new plant/factory/shipyard/worksite in Singapore. The new plant/factory/shipyard/worksite located in Tuas. The company will be recruiting a few hundred local and foreign workers. The new plant/factory/shipyard/worksite utilizes the following items for its production processes: Mechanical and/or hydraulic machines Material handling equipment such as forklifts and/or reach trucks Lifting equipment such as overhead cranes and/or tower cranes Pressure vessels such as ...

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Demolition of steel manufacturing plant

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

8 (3,073 )

Introduction This report is to outline the demolition of an existing steel manufacturing plant between Sheffield and Rotherham, all buildings on the 'brownfield' site will be demolished. The client is a major internet mail order retailer who requires a handling and distribution warehouse on the site. The report will show potential hazards that may be found on the site and precautionary measures are needed. This will involve ...

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Structural Performance Of Lightweight Concrete

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

7 (2,482 )

The Romans reportedly first used lightweight concrete during the eighteenth centuries. "The application on the 'The Pantheon' where it uses pumice aggregate in the construction of cast in-situ concrete," according to Hjh Kamsiah Mohd Ismail, Mohamad Shazli Fathi and Norpadzlihatun bte Manaf (2003), all with the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Institutional Repository, confirms the Romans use of lightweight concrete. In the journal article, "Study of lightweight concrete behavior," ...

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Design And Build Procurement

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

9 (3,442 )

In this chapter, the definitions of Design and Build procurement including its concept and characteristics will be revealed. The success factors of using Design and Build procurement and the major task of developing the project's scope of work will be covered in great detail in this chapter. The definitive performance criteria of a project specifically in major aspects of time, cost and quality will deeply explained. The ...

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Health And Safety Duties At Work

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

3 (1,200 )

Client The client has responsibilities on a work site. The client is responsible for checking the competence of all the appointees and their resources. They must make sure that the facilities for all of the workers are suitable for their welfare. They must allow sufficient resources and time for each stage in the project and not rush any of the project. They must also provide information to ...

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Number Of Variations And The Impact Of Variations

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

6 (2,249 )

Controls for Variations and Variation Orders have been suggested by many researchers (Mokhtar et al., 2000; Ibbs et al., 2001). Below are 30 approach identified from a literature review to reduce number and the impact of Variations. These approach were categorized into three categories: Design stage, Construction stage and Design- Construction interface stage. Design Stage Approach to Control Variations Item Variation Reduction approach Descriptions Source 1 Review ...

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Life Cycle Analysis To Assess District Energy

23 Mar 2015 20 Apr 2017

11 (4,316 )

Introduction Life - Cycle Analysis is the method used by individuals working in procurement to assess District Energy. This is done so as to understand the amount needed to create cooling on the site; though this analysis is carried out for the duration of 20 - 40 years and then it is equated with district cooling proposal. The concept of Life Costing is being widely used because ...

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The Industrialised Building System

23 Mar 2015 20 Apr 2017

15 (5,650 )

This chapter will explain in details and provide the literature review of Industrialised Building System (IBS). Besides that, it will also cover the literature review of building system. Usually, the contents of this chapter are including definitions of IBS, history of IBS in public housing, types of IBS, benefits and barriers of using IBS in public housing, classification of IBS, characteristic of IBS, IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 and ...

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Novating design team to a contractor

23 Mar 2015 20 Apr 2017

27 (10,422 )

Synopsis Clients within the Construction Industry prefer to use the JCT Design & Build Contract rather than other traditional procurements methods. Novation is a process that allows Clients to oversee the early stages of design development of a project and then transfer the responsibility for the design to a Contractor after the contract has been awarded. By transferring the responsibility to the Contractor through novation the Client ...

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The Building Services Engineering

23 Mar 2015 18 Apr 2017

9 (3,311 )

Introduction Notice that if you click on the above it should say Heading 1 on the top left of the screen of MS Word. Here you should state the aim of the project, its location, the areas investigated, the particular areas researched in-depth. Include a picture of the location, a picture of the building (if available). Background information could be included here, but keep it concise, the ...

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Pervious concrete and traditional concrete

23 Mar 2015 18 Apr 2017

10 (3,743 )

CHAPTER 1 Introduction Background to Research Problem Once it has been established that a car park or driveway is required, it is then very important to ensure the client assesses which material of surfacing is required. The client needs to prioritise what is most important to them regarding time, cost, and availability and how sustainable the material may be. Majority of contractors within the UK construction industry ...

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The Effects Of Infrastructural Facilities

23 Mar 2015 18 Apr 2017

20 (7,624 )

Infrastructure are the basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons. Large infrastructure projects generally stimulate demand for nearby real estate .these infrastructural projects usually create abundance of jobs as well as follow on demand for goods and services. They also provide ...

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Waste Materials In Construction Sites

23 Mar 2015 17 Apr 2017

22 (8,488 )

Malaysian construction industry still faces increasing in the generation of construction waste materials and for sure they face problems in the removal of this waste. In the last two decades, huge construction building and infrastructure development projects have led to raise the production of construction waste material. The construction waste has a significant impact on the environment, and its environmental effects are in direct relation to the ...

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Hazard Identification And Risk Assessment

23 Mar 2015 13 Apr 2017

6 (2,203 )

Oil and gas exploration and production activities have increased tremendously as petroleum has become the backbone of the world's economy. The industry has expanded significantly throughout the world. As the oil and gas industry enlarges throughout the world, its impacts on lives and environment have been appalling. Numerous spills, fires, toxic emissions, blowouts and personnel injuries have been recorded in recent times in the oil industry. The ...

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Integrated Organizational Structure In The Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 13 Apr 2017

15 (5,951 )

For some, Project Management is still defined as a collection of planning, a variety of control methods and various other decisions. However this paper argues that the essential elements of Project Management in the construction industry is based on organizational issues, which include the way people are managed and organized throughout the project process. The distinction is rather important due to the fact that although the utilization ...

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The Functional Requirement Of Cladding System - Essay

23 Mar 2015 13 Apr 2017

8 (2,878 )

Strength and Stability A wall structure should have adequate strength to support its own weight between points of support or fixing to the structural frame, and sufficient stability against lateral wind pressures. To allow for differential movements, there has to be adequate support to carry the weight of the wall structure, and also restraint fixings that will maintain the wall in position and at the same time ...

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Contours in construction

03 Oct 2016 27 Feb 2017

8 (2,816 )

Table of Contents Item Chapter Page Number 1 Introduction 3 - 4 2 Methodology 4 - 9 3 Conclusion 9 4 Task 2 Explain how to determine areas and ...

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An Analysis of Omission, Suspension & Termination of Construction Contracts

03 Oct 2016 01 Nov 2016

8 (3,095 )

An analysis of Omission, Suspension & Termination of Construction Contracts under Civil Law of Qatar & UAE 1. Introduction Qatar has a well-developed and structured legal system. The origin of the Qatar legal system is found in both ancient and traditional sources. It is based on Islamic law and jurisprudence but has adopted many of the principles of the Napoleonic Civil Code (French Civil Code). In ...

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Construction Practice in China

03 Oct 2016 01 Nov 2016

7 (2,401 )

Construction practice in China Abstract Chinese economy has experienced rapid growth since the adoption of the open door policy in the past over 20 years. Real estate and construction, which act as a core industry in mainland china, developed quickly as well. Quality professional services in the area of real estate development and construction is one of four main industries in Hong Kong which is internationally ...

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Darcy Estate Management

03 Oct 2016 18 Oct 2016

4 (1,309 )

Darcy Estate Management Space Management and Legislation: When researching the techniques and roles adopted by the facilities managers one key criteria involved in the Darcy building relocation focused on space management. This broadened my understanding of the benefits that effective space management can bring such as economic, environmental and social when effective space management techniques are used. Before examining the approach that effective space management requires, ...

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Planning and Maintenance Problems

03 Oct 2016 18 Oct 2016

8 (3,020 )

Plan and Maintenance Problem 1 To calculate to peak operative temperature in this room in August, some assumes are made before calculation: The operative temperature in adjoining rooms is equal to that for the module under consideration and hence heat glow occur only through the outside window-wall; The window will be open during the day and close at night; The thermal ...

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Building Design Process

13 Jun 2016 14 Jun 2016

8 (3,022 )

Any building, whether it is a high-rise skyscraper or minute cabin must have a design plan before it is constructed, without a design plan the builders constructing the building would be limited in knowing what it is they are going to build unless for example it was government funded for an institution like the NHS, this would suggest it is to do with healthcare such as a ...

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The Project Life Cycle Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,888 )

The project is broken into phases, and then into control points that are relevant to the particular development. This gives management an organized structure to the overall development. Cooperatively, the project phases are known as the project life cycle. These are sequential. Phases and control points are agreed by management. Due to the complex nature of the office block phase will overlap the concurrent phase. This method ...

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Overview Of The Site Preparation Process Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,065 )

Site preparation is the first task that lays before any Engineer to start new project in site that is unfriendly to the project. It a challenging activity that must be began with. In civil engineering projects, the site preparation can be soil clearing, soil testing site plan designs, zoning restrictions environmental concern and how everything on the matter should run. Preparing your site well to begin with ...

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The Industrialized Building Systems In Malaysia Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,627 )

Industrialised Building System does not have a commonly-approved definition. There are a few definitions by authors who studied into this area previously were found through literature emphasizing on prefabrication, off-site production and mass production of building components (Rahman & Omar, 2006) (Warszawski, 1999) (Trikha,1999). This method will enable cost saving and quality improvement through the reduction of labour intensity and construction standardisation. Apart from this, it offers ...

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Objectives And Functions Of Materials Management Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,670 )

Site material management is a scientific technique. Materials Management is the process of planning, implementation and control of field and office activities in construction. The materials management goal is to ensure that building materials in their perspective when you need to.Materials management system attempts to ensure that the correct quality and quantity of material is appropriate, purchase, delivery and on-site processing in a timely manner and at ...

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Developing A Five Star Hotel In Maldives Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,840 )

"Expedition Maldives Pvt. Ltd", this is leading construction company in Maldives, A Company is a expand hard with the ability to meet its clients' building needs through wide range of contracting and company with a staffs of professionals skilled in architectural design and construction management, In every movement, the company's priority is helping its clients achieve their construction and developmental objectives. Our goal is to build the ...

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The Changes To Profession From Its Traditional Roots Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

13 (4,865 )

When trying to gather information on the origins of the quantity surveying profession it is not simple, several different authors have different theories on where the occupation arose from. Some feel that it is a 19th century creation, were others seem to think that the birth of quantity surveying stretches all the way back to ancient Egypt. However to attempt to obtain knowledge about quantity surveying's past ...

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Beijing Capital International Airport Development Project Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,365 )

1. This guideline has been prepared as an evaluation and condensation of a full environment impact assessment (EIA) of the proposed Project - Beijing Low Cost International Airport (PLCA), which will be prepared for the Government by the consulting group of the Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, following China Government guidelines by The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China, formally ...

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Nominated And Domestic Subcontractor Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,543 )

Chapter 2 Introduction According to C. Gray and R. Flanagan 1989 over ninety percent of construction activities are now subcontracted on the majority of contracts, which leaves the main contractor with a mere ten percent of the project to physically construct. These figures suggest that the success of a project largely depends on the performance of its subcontractors. Although the main contractor has only ten percent of ...

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The Traditional Malay Houses Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,831 )

The traditional Malay house is one of the richest components of Malaysias cultural heritage. The purpose of this study is to understand and analyze traditional vernacular Malay house being modernized and the effects of modern material applied. Though the modernization process transforms and changes the materials, it still maintains the original building design, function, decorative element, and cultural importance to its local context. Literature reviews based on ...

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Case Study On Oresund Bridge Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,284 )

Oresund Bridge is constructed across the Oresund strait; it is the longest rail and road bridge in the whole of Europe. [1] It connects two metropolitan areas namely Danish capital Copenhagen and City of Malmo in Sweden. . The international European route E20 runs across the bridge and through the tunnel. This Bridge acts as a link between Main land Europe and the rest of the Scandinavia. ...

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