Social Constructivism and the Cold War

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Introduction This essay will answer the question on 'how' the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has changed its operations to tackle with the changing world landscape, especially after the end of the Cold War, by holding the concept from Constructivism (Social Constructivism) as a key theoretical framework. Generally, Constructivism is a social theory which is concerned about the relationship and process between agents and structures (Barnett, 2008; ...

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Theoretical Accounts of Great Power Politics

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Postcolonialism is primarily concerned with the south, the subaltern and its past because as Abrahamsen argues, "Any understanding of contemporary IR requires a careful account of the multiple and diverse power relationships that link the North and the South, both in the colonial past and the postcolonial present." (Abrahamsen, 2007) Postcolonialism finds its origins in work done with a view to give a voice to the history ...

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Exploitation Among Migrant Labour

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION All human beings, irrespective of race, creed or sex, have the right to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity. -1944 The Declaration of Philadelphia, ILO[1] Am I been exploited, are a teacher been exploited, are a doctor been exploited, or else an insurance sales man been exploited? It seems ...

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Democratic Peace Theory and Georgia

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Georgia's decision to launch an offensive attack against Russian personnel occupying the contested regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia seems to contradict the theoretical underpinnings of the Democratic Peace Theory. However, further analysis of Georgia's and Russia's regimes reveals some of the criticisms of the theory itself and their impact on the Intelligence Community's (IC) ability to provide warning in the region. The Democratic Peace Theory states ...

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What Do We Mean By Political Authority?

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION Political power or sovereign power is exercised through a man or an assembly of men. Commonly, we recognize that its mission is to ensure social cohesion and the development of the prosperity of the State. This is possible under the condition that its authority is established and maintained. If the State had no recognized authority, it would not have power and could not fulfil its mission; ...

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Common Agricultural Policy by European Union

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a policy, set forth by the European Union (EU). It also comprises of a set of rules that control the manufacture, trade, and processing of agricultural products. The CAP currently accounts for almost fifty percent of the EU budget, however, this number continues to decrease over the years. The CAP is significant in that it symbolizes Europe's switch from sovereignty on ...

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International News Coverage of Developing Countries

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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International news coverage of the developing world has seen a steady decline over recent years which has recently been reversed due to intervention in developing countries by western governments. The primary example of this has been the Iraq conflict. The media's focus tends to cover traditional realist issues such as the relations between states. Many of the important political and social issues in developing countries do not ...

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"The World is Flat," by Thomas Friedman

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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"The World is Flat," by Thomas Friedman, chronicles the influx of a large number of new players on the global economic stage that has created a strong force that is already starting to affect Americans. Friedman believes that these looming changes have the potential to produce both positive and negative results. An example that illustrates the range of Friedman's analysis is his argument about the impact of ...

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KBR Technology and Engineering Analysis

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Introduction to the case: KBR (Kellogg, Brown and Root) is a global Infrastructure business Venture. With 57,000 employees operating worldwide, it's a leading engineering, construction and services company. Supporting the hydrocarbon, energy, civil infrastructure sectors and government services, its business is based on project management activities. Headquartered in Houston, Texas; it operates from its locations in Australia, Africa, UK, Asia and the Middle East. It enjoys an ...

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Concepts of Deterrence and Diplomacy

24 Feb 2017 02 Jan 2018

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Previously, the paper has examined what diplomacy is and its types. Through the previous discussion, human and politic capability seen as the main player in carries-out diplomacy. Through this chapter, the paper will discuss on deterrence as diplomacy means. With quoted the words from Carl Von Clausewitz, a military strategist and theorist: "War is the simple continuation of diplomacy by other means". On the words, Carl Von ...

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Overview of the Indus Qater Treaty

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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CHAPTER V From time immemorial man has been emotionally attached to water. Water disputes have existed throughout the history of mankind and various mechanisms to deal with problems have been tried. So far no clear cut directions or conventions have emerged to deal with water disputes. Many organizations, including legal associations, have tried to lay down some principles. The best of these are the Helsinki Rules evolved ...

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Gender Representation in Film

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Gender is a significant reflection in development. Through it we can analyze how social norms and power structures influence on the lives and opportunities accessible to different groups of men and women. Gender analysis explores the way power is distributed between women and men, how it function, who uses it and for what reasons.In contrast to men, women control less both economical and political resources, such ...

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Analysis of the UN with Liberalism and Realism

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Use Realism and Liberalism to Explain the United Nations system. Introduction Realism emphasizes the condition on politics imposed by human nature and the non-existent of international government. Together, they conceded international relations largely a realm of power and interest (Jack, 2000), and liberalism came under the influence of various intellectuals minds and believed that state and non-state actors are partner in the development process ...

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Role of the UN in Peace-Support Operations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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THE ROLE OF THE UN IN PEACE-SUPPORT OPERATIONS: A CASE STUDY OF MALI INTRODUCTION: Since the transformation of evolution of modern state system following the treaty of west phalli in 1648, the international system has witnessed so many challenges ranging from conflicts, under-development, authoritarian, bad governance etc. This is due it the anarchy nature of the global system. Since the creation of the united nation after ...

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Rise of Diplomacy in US foreign Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION Waging a war against any opponent has a huge impact on any nation. Its adverse effects are psychological, social, moral and economical. Although objectives if achieved through the war might prove to be beneficial in the long term but its takes decades to erase the memories of atrocities of war from the minds of general masses, especially those who are directly exposed to active warfare. ...

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Turkey and UK Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction: The relationship between Turkey and United Kingdom is well-rounded and covers economic, politic, military and social aspects. In this paper, the relationship between Turkey and United Kingdom was divided as four section. These sections are information about United Kingdom, historical background of relationship, conflicts and cooperation between Turkey and United Kingdom. Nowadays, the relationship between United Kingdom and Turkey is seen in a golden age ...

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The Paradox in US-China Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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The Paradox in the US-China Relations: A Commentary Almost a decade and half ago, one of the leading thinker and strategic expert on China; Gerald Segal prophetically described the implications of Chinese power especially in the East Asian region. He argued, “...There is no more weighty uncertainty for East Asia, than the future of China. If China staggers amid leadership struggles and perhaps even disintegrates as ...

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Modern State System in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Keywords: state system international relations What is the most significant feature of the modern state and how has it shaped international relations? The core of the early modern period to vast histories of sovereignty and state formation is a topic mentioned in some of the work done by the most influential political theorists of the past century. However an attempt of understanding the nature of political ...

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Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction: Nigeria

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Background to the Study This study attempt to examine the impact of the Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria using with a case study of Ado-Odo Ota, local government area, Ogun state, Nigeria. The issue of poverty in Nigeria has remained a major threat to the nation’s social, political and economic development. Every nation whether it is developed or less developed ...

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Impact of Corruption on Nigeria's Unemployment Rates

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Unemployment has eaten so deep into the Nigerian society to the extent that the citizens have learnt to live with it, with a view that nothing can be done about it. This attitude of Nigerians towards this menace of unemployment however is a negative approach of dealing with such complex and complicated issue that has had tremendous negative impact on the country, some of which ...

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Overview of the Cuban Missile Crisis

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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The Cuban Missile Crisis was a period of extreme tension and conflict between the USA and Cuba and the USSR in October 1962; it was characterized by decisions made by both John F Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev. It was a 13 day event which started as a result of the USSR placing nuclear weapons in Cuba in an attempt to stop future harassment of Cuba following ...

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Terrorist Attacks Causes and Effects

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction In recent years, terrorist attacks have increased enormously. According to Paul Wilkinson in his book “Terrorism Versus Democracy: The Liberal State Response” (2011), terrorism still remains a serious problem for the international community; during the years 2006 to 2009 over 60% of the countries in the world experienced terrorist attacks. Defining terrorism has been an intimidating task to do, over hundreds of definitions were ...

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Cause of Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Politics and the Economy of the Contemporary Middle East: Explain the cause of the ethnic conflicts in the Middle East. When referring to the nature of any conflict, it must be emphasized that no conflict is a result of a single cause. Various conflicts and rivalries which appear to be a big threat to the Middle East and Northern Africa, are also an important menace for global ...

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Terrorism and Religion in Kenya

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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EXPLORATION OF THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN TERRORISM & RELIGION AND THE IMPACT ON PEACE STABILITY IN KENYA 1. Introduction 1.1 Background to the Research The growing trends of terrorism in Africa, and in the region of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development [IGAD] in particular within which Kenya finds itself, have become a serious concern for security. Its impact on peace and economic development is significantly negative. Many lives ...

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Compliance in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Abstract This paper seeks to address whether state cooperation via formal international institutions may best be understood as a spectrum of compliance rather than binary states. Prevailing perspectives on state compliance to its international obligations generally presupposes binary state of compliance - in which states adhere to its commitments - and non-compliance - in which states do not adhere to its commitments. This construction proves problematic ...

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Religion and International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Religion (noun): the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. In modern times, religion isn’t just the belief and worship of a supernatural entity. It is a way of life. Since birth, children are indoctrinated into their parent’s religion. Traditions, practices and values, both positive and negative are taught till they become common fact. Religion permeates into ...

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Realist Theory of International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Sovereign States are the main actors in International system, and they are the most influential when it comes to the International stage. States are majorly concerned about their security, territory expansion, order, justice, welfare, freedom and power. States has a function under a political theory, an ideology that analyse how States should run its relations with other States and principles to handling political situations. Also ...

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Public Opinion and Military Intervention

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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For modern day states, especially democracies, the outcome of a military intervention is not just determined by the outcome on the battlefield but is also to a huge extent determined by the public opinion. The “Vietnam syndrome” and the much recognized and debated topic regarding Vietnam as a political loss for the American is deeply interconnected with public opinion on the intervention. The aim of this ...

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Political Subjectivity Theories Analysis

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Power, Freedom, Justice: Explorations in Political Subjectivity Reflective Logs: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on how the following thinkers studied in the module engaged with Kant`s conception of subjectivity. I will address the following thinkers and topic in my reflective logs: Arendt, Berlin, Fanon, Marcuse, Foucault, Habermas, Rawis, MacIntyre, Rorty, and New Materialism. Immanuel Kant – Sapere AudeDate: 21st January 2014 Kant in ...

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Pakistani & Indian Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction: From the beginning the seeds of conflicted have been impartially implanted in the roots of Pak-India Relations. These two nations never considered each other as their friends but remained and wanted to be foes. At the time of the partition, about half a million Muslims and Hindus were killed in mutual insurgences following the partition of British India. Millions of Muslims living in India and ...

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Literature Review of US Foreign Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Background America’s 1930s foreign policy was based on the realist school of thought. It emphasised international trade in order to achieve economic rejuvenation, whilst its security strategy demonstrated the practical restraints of Hans Morgenthau’s classical doctrine of realism through withdrawing its military’s international presence. Post-WW2 America’s role within the world hierarchy altered significantly as a direct result of internal structural and technological developments that led it ...

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Is China Facing a Financial Crisis?

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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In a first for Chinese Banks and its Big Four, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) unseated Exxon Mobil last year to take the top spot on the Forbes Global 2000[i] as the world’s largest company. China Construction Bank moved up 11 spots to No. 2 on the list. Agricultural Bank of China stood at No. 8 and Bank of China with its double digit ...

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International Development Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Political, economical and social development of developing countries has been a high priority on the global agenda. International development policy has gained momentum as issues such as poverty in some developing countries have been increasingly linked to global security issues such as terrorism. Global policy in regards to development has become more prevalent through the increase of international organizations and institutions. However, international development policy and ...

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Analysis of Refugee Protection Mechanisms

23 Mar 2015 02 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION On any given day, thousands of individuals including women and children from all parts of the world are forced to flee their homes for fear of persecution or to escape the dangers of armed conflicts and other refugee-creating force making claims for refugee status in foreign countries. If the key in defining who a refugee is, should not be 'the reason for leaving one's country but ...

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How Effective is the United Nations?

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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How effective is the United Nations? Before we say that the U.N is or not an effective institution, we must know or assess their performance in all areas in which they are involved in. And after that why they have not been successful. Also its important to explain two different views, the realist defended by Hobbes, Weiss and the liberal view supported by great thinkers such ...

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Voting Behaviour in Nigeria

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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ETHNICITY AND VOTING BEHAVIOUR IN NIGERIA ABSTRACT This paper tried to give a historical discourse about the relationship between ethnicity and voting behavior using Nigeria as its case study. Looking at the early evolution of Nigeria, after the amalgamation of both the northern and southern protectorates during the era of colonialism, one issue that has been mind boggling within the historic-socio-political discourse of Nigeria is the ...

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China's Relationship with North Korea

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Table of Contents: Introduction Hypothesis statement Research Questions Literature Review Theoretical framework (Defensive Realism-Kenneth Waltz) Sino-Korean alliance Mutual gain between China and North Korea Beijing’s influence Conclusion Introduction: North Korea is the state that is being considered as the most isolated state in the world. China is the only state that is supporting North Korea since Korean War. At the period of Korean War ...

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Importance of International Organizations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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International Organizations (IOs) are formal institutional structures transcending national boundaries which are created by multilateral agreement among nation-states. Their purpose is to foster international cooperation in areas such as: security, law, economic, social matters and diplomacy. (Graham & Newham , 1998, p. 270). IOs are subdivided between Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs); Intergovernmental Organizations are entities created with sufficient organizational structure and autonomy to ...

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Comparison of 'War on Terror' with the Cold War

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Does the ‘Global War on Terror’ inaugurated by George W. Bush have similarities to the Cold War? Since 2001, academics and the United States administration have continuously compared the war against terrorism to the Cold War. The confrontations that the United States and its allies experienced during the war against communism in the Cold War and, more recently, the War on Terror arguably share significant similarities. ...

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Diplomacy in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Each century believes that its time is exclusive and uncommon, an ideal change from past actions and how international relations was regulated. Diplomacy is an art and process of handling and managing negotiations, usually between states and/or states’ representatives, it involves mediation and intervention of trained diplomats regarding matters of trade, culture, human rights, peace and reconciliation, economy, security, wars and the environment. Diplomacy is usually ...

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Cuban Missile Crisis Decision Making

02 Oct 2017

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Introduction A decision can be defined as the culmination of a thought process analysing a problem. Good decision making is vital for the well being and safety of a man. Many men who have not given it a thought have come to grief because of poor decisions. Naturally we make poor decisions all from time to time, but a man needs to rediscover himself and identify ...

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Impact of Corruption in Nigeria

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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CORRUPTION AND ITS IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (NIGERIA AS A CASE STUDY) (FEBRUARY 2014) Abstract Corruption is no news in the world today. We can see corruption in our daily lives, let alone in our businesses and the way economies as a whole deal with corruption every day. That is why discussing corruption and seeking ways on how to deal with it in ...

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Climate Change and Food Security

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study Our activities are inimical to the environment, our daily work and behaviour domestically, industrially and even agriculturally threatens the stability of environment as well as balance of the ecosystem. We often burn bushes to farm, we practice agriculture without due regard to the environment (oil), we cut/fell trees down without knowing that we are altering the eco- system ...

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Chinese Perception of Global Order

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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"Chinese perception of global order and the position of China throughout history" Introduction It is obvious that in the last few decades the People’s Republic of China is on the rise, both in economic and political terms. What remains unclear is how the increase in the Chinese domination will affect the global order. Three important questions arise from this uncertainty: will China be a US competitor? ...

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Chinese and Western International Relations Theories

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Chinese ancient school of thoughts[1] and Western International Relations theories: A comparative study Introduction Background of the study The study of international relations has classically focused on the cause of war and the conditions of peace. With China’s overwhelming economic growth and active diplomacy engaging in international affairs, numerous concerns of China’s emerging power have become priorities on international political agendas, which also lead to many ...

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Bilateral Relations Between the EU and China

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Till the 1978, Peoples Republic of China (PRC) was in self employed isolation because of two things, one was Cultural Revolution and another was the transformation of the society and economy from traditional to modern. Another factor which also played a part was the Soviet threat to China after 1958 till 1983. On the other side EU was coming out of the wars and conflicts of ...

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'Arab Nationalism' in the Modern Context

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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‘Arab Nationalism’ was an important part of anti-colonial struggle. A generation on it has little meaning today. Discuss. This essay will examine to what extent Arab nationalism as an ideology was of significance to the anti-colonial struggle and the influence of Arab nationalism in present times. A prominent question of interest in this study will be: was western domination eliminated due to the might of Arab ...

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Arab - Israeli War 1967

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Israel and Arabs have fought a number of wars after 1947. After the creation of Israel in 14 May 1948, Arab and Israel became front to front in 1949, 1956, and 1967 and in 1973. Among all those the war of 5 -10 June 1967 also famous for six days war was the one of the major conflict. For Arabs it was the revenge and ...

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An Analysis of Pakistan-India Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Relations are built on mutual trust. This is no different when these relations are between states. Salient features of Pak-India relations include strong feelings of mistrust and suspicion on both sides. This stems from a volatile past -i.e. the hasty separation of 1947, the wars of 1965 and 1971 and the Kargil Conflict- and is exacerbated by the on and off border skirmishes and standoffs ...

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Analysis of International Relations Theory

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY Why do states behave the way they do in the international system? Some people argue that this is a question of international relations theory while others say it is a question of foreign policy theory[1]. For our purposes, we shall consider them as the same issue. The behaviour of the states is the central question which the theories of International Relations or theories ...

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BP and US Government Negotiations Analysis

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Zacharia Dainkeh An evaluation and critical analysis of the decision making process and the negotiations and agreement between BP and the US government including other relevant parties positions regarding the out of court settlement with respect to the Deepwater Horizon BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in the United States of America On the 20th of April 2010, the Golf of Mexico was ...

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Are Security Threats Real or Imagined?

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Giulia Valeri Introduction As far as the discipline of International Relations is concerned, 'security' and 'threat' are highly-contested concepts (Baldwin 1997: 10). Far more often than not, their inner nature has been deeply influenced by the historical context in which the two notions were first moulded. Security threats, whether they be real and objective or imagined and subjective, is still a matter to be put ...

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Personal Development in Human Relations

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Robert McGregor Section I Is Human Relations (HR) an art or a science? Personally, I believe that HR is a science that must be artfully managed to utilize lessons learned and best practices for improving the well-being and effectiveness of employees within the organization. As our planet becomes interconnected, via satellites and the internet, it is now just as easy to communicate with someone across ...

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Terrorism Prevention Program for Homeland Security

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Jacob Malone The Department of Homeland Security's vision is a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards, where American interests, aspirations, and way of life can thrive. In order to accomplish this, according to Chip Fulghum (2016), DHS employs over 225,000 people in jobs from border security to cybersecurity analysis and must work together to combat a wide range of ...

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Migrant Life in Greece During the Economic Crisis

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Tsiori Maria Abstract For a long time Greece has been a country of emigration. Despite the ongoing economic downturn of recent years the country has turned into a host country for many migrants from Africa and Asia mainly as a gateway illegally, into the EU. Consequently, this migratory movement in this country has attracted a lot of academic interest as the issue is of ...

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War and Change in World Politics

11 Aug 2017 20 Sep 2017

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Ahmed AlAbdullatif A hegemon refers to the undisputedly strongest state in the international system. Hegemony has five main dimensions namely economic, political, military, institutional and ideological. The theory of hegemonic stability mostly approached from either neorealist or neoliberal direction. The theory of hegemonic stability is critical because it captures the tendency of the leading powers in the world using force to assert their dominance. Similarly, ...

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Assessment of Military Influence in the Middle East

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Q5. What best explains the diminished role of the military in the dispensation of power across the Middle East? Jibin Mathew George The military has been fundamental to the existence and sustenance of the modern Middle East since its inception as a largely colonial police force in the early 20th century. And it is the relative omnipresence and longevity of the military in ...

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Analysis of The Justice Cascade by Kathryn Sikkink

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics. By Kathryn Sikkink. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 2011, 352, pp. $18.42 (Hardcover) The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics Written by Kathryn Sikkink, is an exploration of the need for justice in the political scene. It is an assessment of the significance of accountability among politicians. It further ...

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Analysis of H&M's Vietnam Expansion

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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H&M is a Swedish multinational clothing retail store that caters to young adults and children. Since its inception, the brand has evolved to include accessories, footwear, cosmetics and home furnishings. H&M is one of the top retail stores in the world and has positioned itself as a low cost- quality clothing supplier. H&M and its competitors occupy a niche segment of the retail clothing industry ...

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Comparison of Saudi Arabia and Europe Human Trafficking

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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International Human Trafficking Introduction Human trafficking is an egregious example of how globalization can facilitate and grow international crime rings for purposes of economic gains. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) defines human trafficking as the acquisition of people by improper means, such as force, deception, or fraud with a primary goal of exploiting them (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, ...

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Does Democracy Address Insecurity?

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Democracy effectively addresses insecurity. Do you agree, why or why not? Democracy does, and does not effectively address insecurity, in some aspects it curbs it, in others it accelerates it. Consequently, this minor essay will examine avenues in which democracy addresses and fails to effectively address insecurity. It will conclude that despite the short-term pitfalls of transitioning to democracy, and the dangers of democratic governance ...

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India-US Relations and its Implications for Pakistan

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Abstract With the emergence of the United States as the most powerful actor in the world, India re-adjusted its foreign policy and began to work more closely with this sole superpower. United States reciprocated by supporting India's race to achieve the status of a Great Power in the 21st century and striking a deal for extensive strategic partnership. The US Indo strategic relationship, despite the ...

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Transitional Justice in Post-war Societies

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Introduction 462 What justice is, who it serves to and what forms it can take are the issues that have been challenging philosophers, legal and political scientists for centuries making them search for answers in religious norms, in the rule of law, or even in fairness itself (Ralws 1985). Reasonably, during the periods of transitions and far-reaching transformations of societies this task nevertheless resembles more ...

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Weak Governance and Social Cohesion

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Weak Governance and Social Cohesion and Its Impact on Violent Conflict in the Domestic Politics of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan By Tasneem Winkler Assignment Question: Domestic politics in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan are often marred by violent conflicts. Explain why this is so. It is no secret that the South Asian region is one of the most dangerous places on earth for its inhabitants ...

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Need for Accountability of Predatory Corporations

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Abstract The increased power of non-state actors in developing countries has given multinational corporations considerable influence over the human rights of citizens. Corporations now have power within political economies and the ability to undermine democratic systems.[1] Governments within developing countries rely on corporate investment to support their economy. Due to the expansion of human rights violators, there has been an evolution in the way ...

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The Democratic Peace Theory

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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The primary claim of democratic peace proponents is that democratic states do not wage war against each other[1]. This theory is based on the findings of Immanuel Kant in the late 18th century. In his findings Kant argues that "the natural evolution of world politics and economics would drive mankind inexorably toward peace by means of a widening of the pacific union of liberal republican ...

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Constructivist and Liberalist Argument on State Shared Value

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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According to realism, relations between states in the anarchical world is doomed to the state of constant conflict in which states can only count on themselves. Whatever cooperation exists in the world they prescribe it to the hegemonic order. This means that hegemon, creates institutions which facilitate cooperation but that these institutions are carriers of hegemonic interests and their existence is related to the existence ...

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International Law and International Organization

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Introduction Generally public international law primarily is the laws of states, in all its forms. This includes the many international dealings of states with each other. The purview of international law includes the institutions which operate under its broad coverage.[1] International law is presupposed on the concept of equality of states, which are subject to international laws, subject to their recognition of any ...

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Impact of Global Forces and Complex Interdependencies

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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Impact of Global Forces and Complex Interdependencies on the Modern State System In Distant Proximities: Dynamics Beyond Globalization, Rosenau argues that the world is a rapidly undergoing an epochal transformation. Part of this random transformation is the relentless scientific and technological advancements which have resulted in a collapsed time and distance. Consequently, this has altered the dimensions of the political space. In addition, Rosenau provides ...

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Was the Cold War an Identity Conflict?

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

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The Cold War was a controversial war. Unlike previous wars the main actors never really frontally fought each other. By using client states to fight on their behalf, the USA and Soviet Union fought for their beliefs and identities. [1]Identity in IR can be associated with nationalism, and that is one of the reasons that the Cold War is seen as an 'identity conflict'. The ...

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Concept of Easy War

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

7 (2,702 )

Key Judgments Easy War, the conception that war has minimal impact on Western states and their citizens, provides a useful analytical framework in order to critique and study how Western states become involved in military conflicts. In using this framework, it is understood that the over reliance on technologically advanced military capabilities, and omission of serious review of military doctrine, will lead to Western militaries ...

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Importance of Border Security Measures in National Security

11 Aug 2017 06 Sep 2017

9 (3,386 )

ABSTRACT Border security contains continuously evolving policies due to the evolution of threats and terrorism. Since the US Border Patrol was created in 1924, their challenges and threats have changed, driving them to adapt their methods in order to maintain national security. National security experts continuously contend that indecisiveness and ineffectiveness within immigration concerns and border vulnerability leaves the country susceptible to even greater national ...

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Theories in Nationalism

23 Mar 2015 26 May 2017

12 (4,700 )

Keywords: kedourie nationalism, critique nationalism, nationalism critique Introduction Nationalism, a term which has been defined in various ways and still continues to nurture the debate around it, is one of the strongest forces in the world as we know it today. Despite its strong influence during the last centuries, it has remained long neglected by academia (Hutchinson & Smith 1994: 3). One of the first scholars to ...

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Sports and International Relations

23 Mar 2015 24 May 2017

4 (1,487 )

Keywords: role of sports in international relations, sports and international understanding In the past, international relations (IR) mainly focused on the high political issues such as military and economic issues. However, the nature of international politics has changed dramatically recently. Interaction between states is not limited to the high political area but also low political area such as social cultural areas. It is hard to determine which ...

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The Effects of Structural Adjustment Programs

03 Oct 2016 12 May 2017

7 (2,761 )

INTRODUCTION At independence, most African countries had their economies rely heavily on the production of primary commodities especially agriculture. However due to a sharp increase of market prices of agricultural products such as cocoa, tea, coffee and many more in the global market in the 1970s. Many economies of African countries grew significantly for example the real GDP of Kenya grew by 6.5% a year, by ...

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The Absolute War

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

7 (2,498 )

In order to understand why absolute war does not occur in reality, the 'absolute war' should be defined in the first place. It should be underlined that 'absolute war' differs from 'total war'. Total war involved the total subordination of politics to the war effort, an idea Clausewitz emphatically rejected, and the assumption that total victory or total defeat were the only options. Total war involved no ...

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Israeli-Palestinian conflict communication

23 Mar 2015 10 May 2017

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CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0 Definition of Communication Although communication is omnipresent, it appears nonetheless difficult to define. Different individuals define communication in different ways depending upon their interests. Ruben (1984) says that communication is any “information related behaviour” while Dale (1969) says it is the “sharing of ideas and feelings in a mood of mutuality.” Other definitions emphasise the significance of symbols, as in Berelson and ...

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The Special Relationship UK and US

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

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The term ‘special relationship' is used to describe the Anglo-American relations soon after the Second World War when Britain and the United States developed a close working relationship and co-operated extensively in terms of military alliance, intelligence, diplomacy, nuclear affairs and also in cultural and intellectual life. The relationship between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill established the beginning of an extraordinary relationship in political history. The ...

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Maintain international peace and security

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

4 (1,269 )

The United Nations, the UN is an international organization established to maintain and strengthen international peace and security, development cooperation between States. The basis of its activities and structure developed during the Second World War, leading participants-Hitler coalition. The name “United Nations” was first used in the United Nations Declaration, signed on Jan. 1, 1942. The UN Charter was adopted at the San Francisco Conference, held from ...

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Global sourcing

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

5 (1,729 )

Question 3 Introduction Global Sourcing is the procurement of goods and services from independent suppliers or subsidiaries from multinational companies which are located abroad and are made for further development of consumption in the multinationals' home country or a third country (Cavusgil et al, 2007). International companies are increasingly looking to maintain their competitive advantage in their industry, and are therefore internationalising their supply-chain activities such ...

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Thucydides and international relations

23 Mar 2015 28 Apr 2017

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Thucydides is seen by some scholars as the first writer in the realist tradition as well as the founding father of International Relations.[1] There are contrasting interpretations of the 'History of the Peloponnesian War' as Thucydides rarely gives his opinion about the events described and the characters' actions. This essay will adopt the realist interpretation of Thucydides and argue that he is still relevant today due to ...

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The alternative globalisation

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

9 (3,218 )

Introduction Globalisation is an ongoing process by which countries and their economic, political and social spheres integrate on a daily basis. Being part of national states, people become citizens of the world. In the course of daily activities, individuals increasingly come into contact with people from different backgrounds, with unlike beliefs and values and they learn to live and work in a globalised world. Countries become interconnected ...

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The European Union: International Relations

23 Mar 2015 21 Apr 2017

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The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Europe. Committed to regional integration, the EU was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the European Economic Community. With almost 500 million citizens, the EU combined generates an estimated 30% share (US$18.4 trillion in 2008) of the nominal gross world product and ...

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The Palestinian-Israeli conflict

23 Mar 2015 20 Apr 2017

7 (2,700 )

Across the Muslim world it is a common refrain that "Palestine is the mother of all problems." (Atran & Ginges: 2009: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/25/opinion/25atran .html) That these claims could be made about such a small piece of land, particularly one which has so little oil is extraordinary, serving only to highlight the importance of finding a solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. To date, the numerous attempts at 'solving' the ...

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Political and Economic Factors in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 27 Feb 2017

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Faculty of Economics and Management "Which of the two suppose nowadays a greater danger for justice in IR: political or economic factors" Justice in International Relations Introduction This essay raises the question of which factors pose threat to Justice in International Relations at present. It is centered around idea that these factors, which are not only economic and political in nature, but also historical, derive from ...

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Is Globalisation Undermining State Sovereignty?

03 Oct 2016 27 Feb 2017

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Is globalization undermining state sovereignty? Throughout the years it has been argued that globalization has a significant effect on state sovereignty. That ongoing debate between scholars and social scientists is trying to determine whether or not state can still maintain its own sovereignty. Weiss (1998) suggests that there are certain factors such as investments in international economy, multinational corporations and non-governmental organizations which undermine the state ...

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Globalisation's Effect on National Governance

03 Oct 2016 27 Feb 2017

5 (1,971 )

Globalisation has significantly reduced the ability of governments to govern. Do you agree? Discuss. Globalisation, according to Van Acker and Curran (2004), is the process of increasingly international integration and global interchange of trade, markets, products, ideas and other aspects of culture, which is triggered by technological innovations and “underpinned by shifting power relations that sees finance capital as relatively dominant and transnational corporations as very ...

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The Modern State and International Relations

03 Oct 2016 27 Feb 2017

6 (2,395 )

Q2. What is the most significant feature of the modern state and how has it shaped international relations? The core of the early modern period to vast histories of sovereignty and state formation is a topic produced for some of the work done by the most influential political theorists of the past century. However an attempt of understanding the nature of political consciousness requires a historical ...

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If global warming is a 'man-made' disaster why have governments around the world failed to do very much about it?

24 Feb 2017

6 (2,186 )

Keywords: globalisation, warming, governments, man-made One of the most important phenomena affecting nations in the 21st century is global warming. Global warming is defined generally as the progressive rise in average global temperatures caused by increased emissions of greenhouse gases, and is often referred to as the effect on the climate of human activities[1]. Though there have always been natural cycles of changing climate, global warming is ...

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Corruption Among Nations

03 Oct 2016 14 Dec 2016

8 (3,020 )

Agenda Kautilya’s “Arthashastra” Corruption in Ancient Rome and Athens Why corruption has become a serious problem nowadays?-arguments Variations among nations Definition of Corruption The most wide-spread definition of corruption is the one formulated by the World Bank: the abuse of public power for private gain. Corruption is a complex phenomenon that encloses different types of unfair behavior and not always associated with bribes. For ...

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Political and Social Development in Pakistan

03 Oct 2016 16 Nov 2016

9 (3,598 )

Table of Contents Research Report Introduction Objective Research questions Research Methodology 1.Primary data 2.Secondary data Literature review Variables Independent variable Dependant variable NGOs Definition of Variables NGOs Social development Political development Hypothesis Time frame Data Analysis Validity and Reliability Limitations Conclusions and Recommendations ·Conclusion ·Recommendations Introduction The utility of development is to achieve both economic and social structure for the transformation of society. Phenomenon ...

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Impact of technology and science on International relations

03 Oct 2016 16 Nov 2016

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Impact of technology and science on International relations Introduction: Science, technology and international affairs influence one another. The impacts of science and technology on international affairs, particularly those of communication and information technologies, are especially penetrating. The interactive effects of science, technology and international affairs are so crucial and extensive that the area needs to be identified as an autonomous sub-control. Its current position as a ...

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Sustainable design, solution for global warming

23 Mar 2015 18 Jun 2015

7 (2,542 )

Abstract "The earth belongs to the living. No man may by natural right oblige the lands he owns or occupies, or those that succeed him in that occupation, to debts greater than those that may be paid during his own lifetime. Because if he could, then the world would belong to the dead and not to the living" Thomas Jefferson, architect [1] From the quote by Thomas ...

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Security issue on terrorism

23 Mar 2015 18 Jun 2015

5 (1,711 )

When it comes to the word terrorism,what is it? Terrorism is a sudden attack by a small group of people called terrorist that wanted to show their feeling or to get what they want through violent act,the reason why they attack could be related to political issues, religious issues, races issues, economics issues and so on.Terrorist used to attack by bombings and killing. How could the word ...

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World's lone superpower

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,321 )

In order to answer this question successfully we must answer it in four distinct sections. In the first section we will examine the debate over whether the United States is a hegemonic power or an imperial power. In the second section we will look at the main sources of America's strength, examining the extent of its military power as well the power of its economy and the ...

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Internationalization

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,256 )

1. Preface This paper has been written for the course Societal Developments & Institutions. The topic of this paper, knowledge sharing in virtual teams, is primarily focused on the Internationalization aspect of this course. But also aspects from other courses of the Master of Organizational Sciences (Msc OS), like Complexity within Organizations and Organizational Dynamics, are represented in this paper. Virtual teams and especially the knowledge ...

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Muslim brotherhood in Egypt

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,070 )

Opening The growing popularity of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt presents a strategic threat to the United States interests in Egypt. The Muslim Brotherhood is an insurgency that has been in existence since 1929. The stated goal of the Brotherhood is to replace the current secular Egyptian government with an Islamic Theocracy based on Shari' a law. Despite multiple attempts by three different Egyptian President's to eliminate ...

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The European powers

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,283 )

Abstract Being unified late in the 19th century it was difficult for Italy to establish itself amongst the other European powers. Therefore, one can view the indecisiveness of the Italians on where their national interests lie, as an act of opportunism because since its unification Italy had no particular loyalty to any group of powers except that group from which it could benefit most. This assignment gives ...

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The Korean War

23 Mar 2015

17 (6,791 )

Abstract This study examines the relationship between declining public opinion towards the Truman administration during the Korean War ultimately leading to the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur. In hopes of succeeding in Korea, President Truman appointed General Douglas MacArthur as commander of the United Nations forces and both anticipated a short military ordeal.[1] Research findings discuss the tendency for a decline in public support as a conflict ...

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Human rights institutions

23 Mar 2015

13 (4,837 )

Introduction AIDS and HIV affect the lives of every human being, from those who are HIV-positive, those who know someone who is infected and those non-infected people. This is because, once AIDS and HIV hit, it will in directly or directly influences aspects of our life. As a matter of fact, AIDS is the only health concern in the world that has its own United Nations agency, ...

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