Social Constructivism and the Cold War

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Introduction This essay will answer the question on 'how' the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has changed its operations to tackle with the changing world landscape, especially after the end of the Cold War, by holding the concept from Constructivism (Social Constructivism) as a key theoretical framework. Generally, Constructivism is a social theory which is concerned about the relationship and process between agents and structures (Barnett, 2008; ...

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Theoretical Accounts of Great Power Politics

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Postcolonialism is primarily concerned with the south, the subaltern and its past because as Abrahamsen argues, "Any understanding of contemporary IR requires a careful account of the multiple and diverse power relationships that link the North and the South, both in the colonial past and the postcolonial present." (Abrahamsen, 2007) Postcolonialism finds its origins in work done with a view to give a voice to the history ...

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Exploitation Among Migrant Labour

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION All human beings, irrespective of race, creed or sex, have the right to pursue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security and equal opportunity. -1944 The Declaration of Philadelphia, ILO[1] Am I been exploited, are a teacher been exploited, are a doctor been exploited, or else an insurance sales man been exploited? It seems ...

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Democratic Peace Theory and Georgia

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Georgia's decision to launch an offensive attack against Russian personnel occupying the contested regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia seems to contradict the theoretical underpinnings of the Democratic Peace Theory. However, further analysis of Georgia's and Russia's regimes reveals some of the criticisms of the theory itself and their impact on the Intelligence Community's (IC) ability to provide warning in the region. The Democratic Peace Theory states ...

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What Do We Mean By Political Authority?

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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INTRODUCTION Political power or sovereign power is exercised through a man or an assembly of men. Commonly, we recognize that its mission is to ensure social cohesion and the development of the prosperity of the State. This is possible under the condition that its authority is established and maintained. If the State had no recognized authority, it would not have power and could not fulfil its mission; ...

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Common Agricultural Policy by European Union

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a policy, set forth by the European Union (EU). It also comprises of a set of rules that control the manufacture, trade, and processing of agricultural products. The CAP currently accounts for almost fifty percent of the EU budget, however, this number continues to decrease over the years. The CAP is significant in that it symbolizes Europe's switch from sovereignty on ...

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International News Coverage of Developing Countries

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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International news coverage of the developing world has seen a steady decline over recent years which has recently been reversed due to intervention in developing countries by western governments. The primary example of this has been the Iraq conflict. The media's focus tends to cover traditional realist issues such as the relations between states. Many of the important political and social issues in developing countries do not ...

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"The World is Flat," by Thomas Friedman

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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"The World is Flat," by Thomas Friedman, chronicles the influx of a large number of new players on the global economic stage that has created a strong force that is already starting to affect Americans. Friedman believes that these looming changes have the potential to produce both positive and negative results. An example that illustrates the range of Friedman's analysis is his argument about the impact of ...

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KBR Technology and Engineering Analysis

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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Introduction to the case: KBR (Kellogg, Brown and Root) is a global Infrastructure business Venture. With 57,000 employees operating worldwide, it's a leading engineering, construction and services company. Supporting the hydrocarbon, energy, civil infrastructure sectors and government services, its business is based on project management activities. Headquartered in Houston, Texas; it operates from its locations in Australia, Africa, UK, Asia and the Middle East. It enjoys an ...

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Concepts of Deterrence and Diplomacy

24 Feb 2017 02 Jan 2018

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Previously, the paper has examined what diplomacy is and its types. Through the previous discussion, human and politic capability seen as the main player in carries-out diplomacy. Through this chapter, the paper will discuss on deterrence as diplomacy means. With quoted the words from Carl Von Clausewitz, a military strategist and theorist: "War is the simple continuation of diplomacy by other means". On the words, Carl Von ...

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Overview of the Indus Qater Treaty

23 Mar 2015 02 Jan 2018

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CHAPTER V From time immemorial man has been emotionally attached to water. Water disputes have existed throughout the history of mankind and various mechanisms to deal with problems have been tried. So far no clear cut directions or conventions have emerged to deal with water disputes. Many organizations, including legal associations, have tried to lay down some principles. The best of these are the Helsinki Rules evolved ...

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Gender Representation in Film

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Gender is a significant reflection in development. Through it we can analyze how social norms and power structures influence on the lives and opportunities accessible to different groups of men and women. Gender analysis explores the way power is distributed between women and men, how it function, who uses it and for what reasons.In contrast to men, women control less both economical and political resources, such ...

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Analysis of the UN with Liberalism and Realism

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Use Realism and Liberalism to Explain the United Nations system. Introduction Realism emphasizes the condition on politics imposed by human nature and the non-existent of international government. Together, they conceded international relations largely a realm of power and interest (Jack, 2000), and liberalism came under the influence of various intellectuals minds and believed that state and non-state actors are partner in the development process ...

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Role of the UN in Peace-Support Operations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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THE ROLE OF THE UN IN PEACE-SUPPORT OPERATIONS: A CASE STUDY OF MALI INTRODUCTION: Since the transformation of evolution of modern state system following the treaty of west phalli in 1648, the international system has witnessed so many challenges ranging from conflicts, under-development, authoritarian, bad governance etc. This is due it the anarchy nature of the global system. Since the creation of the united nation after ...

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Rise of Diplomacy in US foreign Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION Waging a war against any opponent has a huge impact on any nation. Its adverse effects are psychological, social, moral and economical. Although objectives if achieved through the war might prove to be beneficial in the long term but its takes decades to erase the memories of atrocities of war from the minds of general masses, especially those who are directly exposed to active warfare. ...

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Turkey and UK Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction: The relationship between Turkey and United Kingdom is well-rounded and covers economic, politic, military and social aspects. In this paper, the relationship between Turkey and United Kingdom was divided as four section. These sections are information about United Kingdom, historical background of relationship, conflicts and cooperation between Turkey and United Kingdom. Nowadays, the relationship between United Kingdom and Turkey is seen in a golden age ...

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The Paradox in US-China Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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The Paradox in the US-China Relations: A Commentary Almost a decade and half ago, one of the leading thinker and strategic expert on China; Gerald Segal prophetically described the implications of Chinese power especially in the East Asian region. He argued, “...There is no more weighty uncertainty for East Asia, than the future of China. If China staggers amid leadership struggles and perhaps even disintegrates as ...

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Modern State System in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Keywords: state system international relations What is the most significant feature of the modern state and how has it shaped international relations? The core of the early modern period to vast histories of sovereignty and state formation is a topic mentioned in some of the work done by the most influential political theorists of the past century. However an attempt of understanding the nature of political ...

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Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction: Nigeria

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Background to the Study This study attempt to examine the impact of the Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria using with a case study of Ado-Odo Ota, local government area, Ogun state, Nigeria. The issue of poverty in Nigeria has remained a major threat to the nation’s social, political and economic development. Every nation whether it is developed or less developed ...

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Impact of Corruption on Nigeria's Unemployment Rates

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Unemployment has eaten so deep into the Nigerian society to the extent that the citizens have learnt to live with it, with a view that nothing can be done about it. This attitude of Nigerians towards this menace of unemployment however is a negative approach of dealing with such complex and complicated issue that has had tremendous negative impact on the country, some of which ...

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Overview of the Cuban Missile Crisis

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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The Cuban Missile Crisis was a period of extreme tension and conflict between the USA and Cuba and the USSR in October 1962; it was characterized by decisions made by both John F Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev. It was a 13 day event which started as a result of the USSR placing nuclear weapons in Cuba in an attempt to stop future harassment of Cuba following ...

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Terrorist Attacks Causes and Effects

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction In recent years, terrorist attacks have increased enormously. According to Paul Wilkinson in his book “Terrorism Versus Democracy: The Liberal State Response” (2011), terrorism still remains a serious problem for the international community; during the years 2006 to 2009 over 60% of the countries in the world experienced terrorist attacks. Defining terrorism has been an intimidating task to do, over hundreds of definitions were ...

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Cause of Ethnic Conflict in the Middle East

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Politics and the Economy of the Contemporary Middle East: Explain the cause of the ethnic conflicts in the Middle East. When referring to the nature of any conflict, it must be emphasized that no conflict is a result of a single cause. Various conflicts and rivalries which appear to be a big threat to the Middle East and Northern Africa, are also an important menace for global ...

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Terrorism and Religion in Kenya

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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EXPLORATION OF THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN TERRORISM & RELIGION AND THE IMPACT ON PEACE STABILITY IN KENYA 1. Introduction 1.1 Background to the Research The growing trends of terrorism in Africa, and in the region of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development [IGAD] in particular within which Kenya finds itself, have become a serious concern for security. Its impact on peace and economic development is significantly negative. Many lives ...

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Compliance in International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Abstract This paper seeks to address whether state cooperation via formal international institutions may best be understood as a spectrum of compliance rather than binary states. Prevailing perspectives on state compliance to its international obligations generally presupposes binary state of compliance - in which states adhere to its commitments - and non-compliance - in which states do not adhere to its commitments. This construction proves problematic ...

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Religion and International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Religion (noun): the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods. In modern times, religion isn’t just the belief and worship of a supernatural entity. It is a way of life. Since birth, children are indoctrinated into their parent’s religion. Traditions, practices and values, both positive and negative are taught till they become common fact. Religion permeates into ...

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Realist Theory of International Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction Sovereign States are the main actors in International system, and they are the most influential when it comes to the International stage. States are majorly concerned about their security, territory expansion, order, justice, welfare, freedom and power. States has a function under a political theory, an ideology that analyse how States should run its relations with other States and principles to handling political situations. Also ...

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Public Opinion and Military Intervention

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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For modern day states, especially democracies, the outcome of a military intervention is not just determined by the outcome on the battlefield but is also to a huge extent determined by the public opinion. The “Vietnam syndrome” and the much recognized and debated topic regarding Vietnam as a political loss for the American is deeply interconnected with public opinion on the intervention. The aim of this ...

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Political Subjectivity Theories Analysis

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Power, Freedom, Justice: Explorations in Political Subjectivity Reflective Logs: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on how the following thinkers studied in the module engaged with Kant`s conception of subjectivity. I will address the following thinkers and topic in my reflective logs: Arendt, Berlin, Fanon, Marcuse, Foucault, Habermas, Rawis, MacIntyre, Rorty, and New Materialism. Immanuel Kant – Sapere AudeDate: 21st January 2014 Kant in ...

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Pakistani & Indian Relations

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Introduction: From the beginning the seeds of conflicted have been impartially implanted in the roots of Pak-India Relations. These two nations never considered each other as their friends but remained and wanted to be foes. At the time of the partition, about half a million Muslims and Hindus were killed in mutual insurgences following the partition of British India. Millions of Muslims living in India and ...

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Literature Review of US Foreign Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Background America’s 1930s foreign policy was based on the realist school of thought. It emphasised international trade in order to achieve economic rejuvenation, whilst its security strategy demonstrated the practical restraints of Hans Morgenthau’s classical doctrine of realism through withdrawing its military’s international presence. Post-WW2 America’s role within the world hierarchy altered significantly as a direct result of internal structural and technological developments that led it ...

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Is China Facing a Financial Crisis?

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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In a first for Chinese Banks and its Big Four, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) unseated Exxon Mobil last year to take the top spot on the Forbes Global 2000[i] as the world’s largest company. China Construction Bank moved up 11 spots to No. 2 on the list. Agricultural Bank of China stood at No. 8 and Bank of China with its double digit ...

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International Development Policy

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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Political, economical and social development of developing countries has been a high priority on the global agenda. International development policy has gained momentum as issues such as poverty in some developing countries have been increasingly linked to global security issues such as terrorism. Global policy in regards to development has become more prevalent through the increase of international organizations and institutions. However, international development policy and ...

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Analysis of Refugee Protection Mechanisms

23 Mar 2015 02 Oct 2017

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INTRODUCTION On any given day, thousands of individuals including women and children from all parts of the world are forced to flee their homes for fear of persecution or to escape the dangers of armed conflicts and other refugee-creating force making claims for refugee status in foreign countries. If the key in defining who a refugee is, should not be 'the reason for leaving one's country but ...

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How Effective is the United Nations?

03 Oct 2016 02 Oct 2017

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How effective is the United Nations? Before we say that the U.N is or not an effective institution, we must know or assess their performance in all areas in which they are involved in. And after that why they have not been successful. Also its important to explain two different views, the realist defended by Hobbes, Weiss and the liberal view supported by great thinkers such ...

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