Historical Influences on Architecture of Süleymaniye Mosque

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

6 (2,354 )

How has diverse cultures and architecture throughout history influenced the architecture of the Süleymaniye Mosque? The main issue that will be covered by the author in this thesis is the question of how different cultures and architectural styles have influenced the Suleymaniye Mosque’s design and structure. The reason for this investigation is to identify features, which have been acquired from other cultures, and also the way ...

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External Influences on Building Design

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Many people don’t realise how hard it can be to design something. Especially building, this is why architect’s job isn’t easy. The massing and overall design of the building is influenced by number of different factors and how important they are differs for each design. I would like to highlight the most important ones, and highlight which one of them cross reference quite often.   ...

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Five Points of Architecture

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Five Points of Architecture Le Corbusier is one of the most significant architects from the 20th century. He is known as one of the pioneers of modern architecture due to many of his ideas and ‘recipes’ within architecture. One of his most famous was ‘The Five Point of a New Architecture’ that he had explained in‘L'Esprit Nouveau’and the book‘Vers une architecture’, which he had been developing ...

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Discussion of Architectural Movements

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Question 1: Consider the impact of the Industrial Revolution on nineteenth century architecture. Your answer should explore the way in which buildings could be constructed, as well as the new demands being made upon architecture. The nineteenth century brought an age of uncertainty, confidence apparent in the elegant architecture of the 18th C had diminished, rejecting irregularity and polychrome, and was subjected to a period of ...

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Development of Architecture during the Industrial Revolution

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Introduction The industrial revolution is one of the Great changes in human history. It starts in the middle of 18 century in Britain and continuing until now. Before the Revolution, there were no cities only villages. To get from one village to another people used galloping horse, which was the main and fastest transportation of that time. For majority of people the agriculture was dominant. When ...

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Comparison of Eastern and Western Architecture

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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What makes a building outstanding and became a typical logo of the city, and even the country? It’s not easy for a architecture to attract the travel enthusiasts and the travelers all over the world. Many of the buildings and structures featured are famous for their beauty. Others have become famous for their ingenuity or their historical significance. There are many similarities and differences between Eastern ...

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Passive Ventilation of Modern and Traditional Malay Houses

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Comparing the Passive Ventilation Style of Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort With the Common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia. ABSTRACT The objectives of the research is to compare the passive ventilation style of Modern Malay House in Belum Rainforest Resort with the common Traditional Malay House in Malaysia. The research questions are what are the comparison of passive ventilation in Modern Malay House in Belum with the ...

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Case Study of the MAXXI National Museum

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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MAXXI MUSEUM­­    Contemporary Architecture This report will focus on MAXXI National Museum and it will provide a comprehensive review of Contemporary museum architecture (built in Rome in 2009), designed by the Zaha Hadid Architects. As it was said in “Museums in the 21st Century”, there is no doubt to say that museum architecture seeks it’s development through the periods, divided into pre- and ...

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Case Study of the Jewish Museum, Berlin

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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The Jewish Museum Berlin incorporates the social and cultural history of the Germany after World War 2 and aspired to correspond to the effects of the Holocaust on Jews in Germany. In his design, Libeskind claimed to combine three main concepts; the incapability to comprehend the historical agendas of Germany without the knowledge of the civilizational, academic and economic contribution that was made by the Jewish ...

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New York “Central Park” & St. Louis “Forest Park"

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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The Central park Construction began on 1858, continued during the American Civil War, and was completed in 1873. New York as the most important economic center in Eastern United States, Rises and falls several times, and the Central Park rises and falls as well. And today it is one of the most successful park in the city. The Forest park, which opened in 1876, more than ...

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Case Study of Architect Serina Hijjas

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM INTRODUCTION   Ar. Serina Hijjas is a 50 years old renowned local architect who has more than 20 years of experience in architectural field. She has done many high rise government projects in Malaysia and also participated in several international projects. Having an amazing architect, Hijjas Kasturi as her father, she was exposed to the architecture world earlier than any other ...

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Case Study of Architect Dr. Ken Yeang

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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A1774 Introduction Most of today many architect had design many green building because the design of the built environment on human health with to reduce to the overall impact and the environment have an efficiently using energy, water and other resources. After that, it also reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation and the last is protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity. Green building ...

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Economical Aspects of Architectural Design

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Basics of Project Management Contents a) Describe and explain the difference between real estate and other assets / economic goods (e.g. capital products). b) Give at least three reasons why a client make an investment in real estate. c) In line with the scenario, List and explain all of the following:- the reasons for the client to appoint a Project Manager, referring to a least five ...

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Architectural History of Blenheim Palace

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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CONTENTS List of Figures Figure 1 The Front View of Blenheim Palace Pg Figure 2 Saloon Ceiling Pg Figure 3 The Long Library   Figure 4 The Upper Water Terreces of Blenheim Palace   ...

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Architectural Development of Tokyo Midtown, Roponggi

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

5 (1,907 )

The Tokyo Midtown was built between 2004-2007, which is a 101,000 square meter mixed-use development located in Roponggi, Tokyo, Japan. This project design was begun on August 2002 and the construction of the project was begun on May 2004 and completed on March 2007. There is a 400-year-old Hinokicho Park within the site was refurbished. The U.S. Army was stayed in this site as a barrack ...

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Analysis of the Modernist Design Style

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Modernism appeared in the 20th century. Modernism is simple and with no decoration design style. Although this style was appear early 20th century and have different designers or architect have many spread. But still have too little modern architecture build in early 20th century. After World War II, they become many company and agency. And make this style be the top. Here have some architect is ...

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Amalgamation of Nature and Architecture

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Amalgamation of Nature and Architecture Literature Review: Amalgamation of Nature and Architecture. The human race has reached the zenith of excellence in the paradigm of technology. With their advancement they have nestled an utter disregard for the only thing which has taken care of the human race since the beginning of time. When man was born, nature had already created an environment for the healthy and ...

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Accepted Arguments for Urban Walkability

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Introduction The transit oriented development approach is being adopted by many cities around the world, particularly those contested with transforming their car dependent neighbourhoods into more habitable and sustainable developments. The simplest way to describe the principles of TOD according to Calthorpe (1993) is “moderate and high density housing, along with complementary public uses, jobs, retail and services, concentrated in mixed – used development at strategic ...

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Architectural Design Proposal of Reading Space

16 Aug 2017

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  3.1 Historical Purpose & Context If we surmise that temporary architecture is, essentially, something that is not permanent, then in one form or another - as stated - it has existed since antiquity, with examples traced "from prehistoric wooden huts and shelters, through medieval stage sets, circuses and world fairs, to the mobile home and post-war pre-fabs, and wartime and disaster relief." Interestingly, as ...

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Frank Lloyd Wright: Literary and Architectural legacy

01 Aug 2017

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Introduction: There is a depth in each building that surpasses the visible physical characteristics of its structure. The philosophy that derives the experiences created within is an essential element in understanding each building or structure. It is this philosophy that differentiates an architect from another. And it was the organic philosophy in architecture that lifted Frank Lloyd wright's status to be called the greatest ...

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Analysis of Urban Space

01 Aug 2017

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Within this framework, I will be observing the development path of an emerging subcentre through pin-pointing the development of Bayraklı, in relation to the perception of sustainability, enquiring whether urban redevelopment is regarded as a strategic term or a contextual element that has been embedded in architectural planning and in urban forms. Recently, urban development projects have taken a central dominance over the production of ...

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Double Skin Façade Case Study

01 Aug 2017

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Abstract Double skin façade refers to a building façade covering one or several stories with multiple glazed skins (Chan, Chow, Fong and Lin, 2009). The aim of this essay is trying to explore the definition, advantages and disadvantages of double skin façade which was used in high rise building. Case study is the main method in this essay. The researcher has chosen three tall building ...

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Functions of Urban Space in Architecture

01 Aug 2017

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How does the Architecture of urban space stimulate appropriation and manipulation of its fabric, symbols and language by its inhabitants, in unfamiliar, and ways otherwise overlooked? To what extent does the modern city support and suppress activities deemed to elapse the prescribed use of a space? Are these opportunities for engagement limitless? Does the modern city stimulate the cultural and physiological identity of its inhabitants? ...

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Corners and Curves in Architecture

01 Aug 2017

3 (1,192 )

  Whether it be shape, material, purpose, or significance, every piece of architecture is uniquely similar and uniquely different to every other piece.  Despite being separated by both time and culture, the Roman Colosseum and the Egyptian Pyramids of Giza possess both unique similarities and differences to each other.  Like most cultures, Roman architecture tends to derive some elements from previous cultures such as the ...

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Architecture, Air and Airborne Infections

28 Jul 2017

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Properties of Air Earth's atmosphere is composed of air. Air is a mixture of gases of 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen with traces of water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon, and various other components. Air is a uniform gas with properties that are averaged from all the individual components. Air at sea level static conditions for a standard day depends on the pressure and temperature of ...

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Adam's Building and St Mary's Church, Nottingham Styles

28 Jul 2017

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Outline the stylistic and technological contexts which influenced the buildings In this patchwork essay I will be outlining the stylistic and technological context which has influenced my chosen buildings, which is the Adam's Building and St Marys Church in Nottingham. The Adam's Building dates back to the 10th July 1855 has been the largest building in the Lace market district of Nottingham City centre. When ...

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Overview of Architect Morris Lapidus

28 Jul 2017

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Morris Lapidus was one of the most important architects of the 20st century, not because of what he built but because of the way he thought and his willingness to break rules. His architecture manifested both popular culture and the collective unconscious. Through his designs- synaggogues and large-scale housing as well as the famous shops and glamorous hotels-he had a powerful way of enhancing an ...

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Performance Evaluation Model with AHP

28 Jul 2017

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Tourism management efficiency maximization model AHP and Grey Theory Analysis Keywords: AHP, gray theory, tourism management efficiency, maximization model, modeling, analysis. Abstract. In this paper, we build housing performance evaluation model with AHP to determine the index system of residential properties. And further judgment matrix to determine the weight of each index. At the same time according to the weight of each index, combined with gray ...

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The Works of Liam McCormick's Architecture

28 Jul 2017

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         Fig 1 Photograph: St Aengus, Burt ________________ Word Count: 2,439 Liam McCormick is one of the most recognised architects in modern Irish church architecture. He has introduced design principles in his buildings, which were not only innovative and unique, but were somewhat radical in Ireland at that time. One of the most famous churches that he designed was St. Aengus' Church, Burt ...

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Concepts in Architecture: Post Structuralism, Phenomenology

28 Jul 2017

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1. Post-structuralism Post-structuralism is a progression of earlier movement resulted by the work of a Swiss linguist, Ferdinand De Saussure in the 1910s and 1920s called Structuralism. The latter was influenced by semiotics (a study of signs). According to Saussure, a language is a system of signs made up of a 'signifier' (an acoustic-image) and a 'signified' (a concept).[1] Structuralism is understood as how the ...

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Origin and Development of Healthcare Architecture

28 Jul 2017

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Chapter 1: Healthcare Architecture History that Time Forgot To trace back the history of healthcare and hospitals were unknown as there were many evidences of origination for earliest hospitals across different continent, and all historical healthcare serve under as religious influenced. Physicians back than consists of religious figure from gods and witch doctor to monks and priest. Around 430BC, temples in Athens were dedicated to ...

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Performance Based Legislation and Building Control System

28 Jul 2017

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  Building regulatory control systems: The regulatory control system is also known by the terms, Building regulations, code or control. It can be called the bible of construction which contains the regulations and specifications for the construction standards. Abiding by these codes enables the builders to attain a permission from a certain concerned council. In a gist this regulatory control systems takes into special account ...

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Development of Sustainable Dwelling in Wales

28 Jul 2017

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 This study focuses on the development of a sustainable retrofit plan for a typical dwelling in Wales. There are two parts that have been discussed in this report. The first section is a full development plan to reduce the fuel cost with a budget of £30K and the second is a calculation of carbon footprint of a building element (wall insulation materials). The project was ...

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Architectural Style of the Rockefeller Tower

28 Jul 2017

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Abstract Skyscraper is a vertical small town rising in the sky with thousands of people who work in. And hundreds of thousands more who experience it and subrogate every day. According to (Renzo Piano 2000) tall buildings are firm and cocky symbols of power and ego. The Rockefeller had almost the same approach as Piano 90 years ago. John D Rockefeller had a vision to ...

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Listed Building Consent Report: Keepers Lodge

28 Jul 2017

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  Listed Building Consent Application Word Count: 4440 (Footnotes and Bibliography included: 4825) Keepers Lodge - Canterbury Road, Denton with Wootton, Kent, CT4 6QZ Listed Building Consent Application - Assessment Contents Introduction Information and Background Purpose of the study - Listed Buildings Legislative Background Significant Findings Significant Issues Historical Background and Heritage 2.0 Historical Context, ...

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Light in Interior Architecture

28 Jul 2017

4 (1,263 )

  Architecture and space are always defined by light. "Architecture is the masterly, correct and magnificent play of masses brought together in the light and our eyes are made to see forms in light", said Le Corbusier. (Curtis, 1987) light become more important part of the interior architecture. Le Corbusier thinks the characteristic features of architectural spaces only come to life with light and there ...

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Classical Greece: The Parthenon

28 Jul 2017

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The era that one lives in is very advanced technologically and economically, yet nothing can surpass the creations that the Greeks built. When one thinks about ancient times we visualize uncivilized people who could never accomplish such great things as we have done when in reality it is us that could never accomplish what they did. There are many accomplishments that are associated with Classical ...

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Analysis of Roman Architecture

28 Jul 2017

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Ancient Rome is well recognised for its potential to produce large, dense and complex network of infrastructure ranging from roads, aqueducts, bridges, baths, and temples. The Romans were impressive builders and some of the structures built by the Romans that still stand up to this day exhibit this. Large infrastructure was one of the fundamental aspects that allowed the Roman Empire to maintain its expansive ...

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Alvaro Siza Architecture Analysis

28 Jul 2017

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In this essay, I will be looking thoroughly into Alvaro Siza's projects, who became a well know Modernist architect during the 20th century in Europe. I will be discussing the range of influences that Alvaro Siza had studied and how they had influenced his projects. I will also complement this with a reflection on how Alvaro Siza's work engages with the surrounding. Alvaro Siza, was ...

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Is Urban Densification Sustainable for Urban Cities?

28 Jul 2017

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Urban Densification: Is it really the solution for sustainable cities?   Architecture: The Tool for Crime Control Figure 1." The design of buildings and the arrangement of streets, public spaces and green areas might reduce crime rates" - The Parque Explora, Medellin, Colombia (American Society of Landscape Architects 2014). The worldwide concern about population growth and rapid urbanisation in many cities around the world ...

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Why I Want to Become an Architect

28 Jul 2017

4 (1,317 )

  It takes a lot of work to be accomplished in any field of work. If you want to be an architect you need to graduate high school and get a bachelor's degree. A Bachelor of Architecture usually takes about 5 years to get. You need to pass all your classes and do your best work. If you get a pre-professional bachelor's degree in architecture ...

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Living Building Challenge & BREEAM: Non-Residential Building

28 Jul 2017

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Rethinking the Application of the Living Building Challenge & BREEAM for Non-Residential Buildings in the UK Building certification and assessment has been in spotlight since the rise of the concept of sustainable development, the need to improve building performance and reduce our consumption. Growing from a shared ideology of Jason F.Mclennan's team, to create a utopian idea, the Living Building. One that has high potential ...

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Earthquake Resistant Vernacular Architecture

28 Jul 2017

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The role of Earthquake Resistant Vernacular Architecture in Kashmir Introduction Vernacular architecture is the response from a community or a group of person's needs in regards to the built environment using locally available resources. It is tailored to the climatic, geographic, sociological and aesthetic needs of specific localities and emulates local traditions. As it usually a community based activity without qualified architects, the ...

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Baroque Architecture Characteristics

23 Mar 2015 12 Jul 2017

4 (1,350 )

Keywords: baroque architecture style, baroque architecture features Introduction The Baroque period took the humanist Roman view of Renaissance architecture and showed it in a new rhetorical, theatrical and sculptural fashion they expressed the triumph of absolutist church and state. The main view of Baroque architecture was more concerned about color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity which could be seen in its characteristics. Baroque is defined ...

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Rationalism in Architecture

23 Feb 2017 05 Jul 2017

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Introduction Rationalism began as a 17th century ideology that led to the Enlightenment, a period in history where reason was the primary instrument for justifying and understanding the “howsâ€Â and “whysâ€Â of things and circumstances. The Enlightenment was a time where concrete evidence through scientific research flourished and Rationalism influenced all field of endeavors and even simple daily tasks.[1] In layman terms, to be rational is to ...

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Legal Issues in Housing Development

03 Oct 2016 04 Jul 2017

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Architectural & BIM Technology Table of Contents Executive Summary 1.0 Introduction 2.0 St Johns College & Respond housing Development 3.0 Evaluation of Legal issues 4.0 Conservation & Protected structures 5.0 Duty of Care 6.0 Scope of Works 7.0 Boundary Disputes 8.0 Reflective Learning Bibliography Table of Cases Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 Hymany [Pontoon] Ltd -v- Galkil Ltd t/a Impact Developments IEHC 188 Dempsey ...

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The Manhattan Transcripts by Bernard Tschum

23 Mar 2015 12 Jun 2017

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Keywords: manhattan transcripts explained, manhatton transcripts analysis The Manhattan Transcripts proposed to show an architectural understanding of reality. Each point Tschumi aims to get across, is made through a series of three square panels, where photographs direct the action, plans, sections, etc. reveal the architectural construct, and diagrams indicate the movements of the main characters. "The Transcripts are first and foremost a device with their explicit purpose ...

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Modernisme in de architectuur

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

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Inleiding Het modernisme in de architectuur, dat zijn ontstaan vond rond de jaren '20 van vorige eeuw, maakt vandaag de dag duidelijk deel uit van de architectuurgeschiedenis en is op deze manier deel van de traditie die zich onbewust voortzet in ons denken over architectuur. De kerngedachte van het modernisme is echter samen met zijn grootste pionier, Le Corbusier, gestorven. Het modernisme is een belangrijke inspiratiebron geweest ...

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Technology: Modern day Architecture and Design

03 Oct 2016 18 May 2017

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Effects of Technology on Modern day Architecture and Design Architecture has revolutionized and changed in the twenty-first century compared to the nineteen century due to technology. Even though many factors have played major roles in the changing of architecture, technology has played the most important role for architectural change. Architecture and technology will be two terms that will be used throughout this paper. According to ...

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Timber frame and masonry construction

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

18 (7,173 )

Modern construction comes in many forms, from traditional masonry, to precast concrete, to steel, and in recent times timber frame construction.Timber frame and masonry construction are very similar looking buildings. Over the last thirty years in Ireland the main type used in domestic dwelling was masonry construction which consists of block inner leaf, cavity, insulation and a block outer leaf, externally finished normally with a brick or ...

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Burj Khalifa: The World's Tallest Building

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

4 (1,505 )

On 4th of January, 2010, Dubai, where there was only wind-blown litter a generation ago, witnessed the opening ceremony of the world's tallest building,"Burj Khalifa". A brilliant work of art with difficult structural problems took 1,325 days to completion since the start of the excavation work in January,2004. "Burj Khalifa" has returned the name of the "World's Tallest Structure" back to the Middle-Eastern structures where the Great ...

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The development of urbanization

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

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Introduction Thesis statement and Purpose statement Nowadays, the development of urbanization, which causes concentrated human population and habitat in small areas, has occurred at a very quick pace. Urban standard of living has risen roughly on the basis of technical innovations and changes in social structure. However, at the same time, there is a widespread concern about unsustainable city development and infrastructure due to the inequality between ...

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Gaudi's creative vision

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

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Introduction In order to appreciate Antoni Gaudi's creative vision we must look at the context in which he worked. It seems that previous studies of Gaudi have not researched extensively into placing him within this cultural context; and have rather preferred to outline him as a lonely reclusive figure or concentrated on his elaborate architectural forms. This dissertation will explore whether political, social and economic developments in ...

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Water in architecture and spaces

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

11 (4,173 )

The paper focuses on how the presence of water – either as a feature or a function – enriches the design of public buildings, and how this relationship is perceived through sensory human experience. Four case studies are used. Case study one is the Roman bath complex at Bath, Avon; case study two is an early Modernist design of a glass pavilion by Bruno Taut; case study ...

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Timber frame construction

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

16 (6,189 )

Introduction Modern construction comes in many forms, from traditional masonry, to precast concrete, to steel, and in recent times timber frame construction. Timber frame and masonry construction are very similar looking buildings. Over the last thirty years in Ireland the main type used in domestic dwelling was masonry construction which consists of block inner leaf, cavity, insulation and a block outer leaf, externally finished normally with a ...

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Design Of The Tomba Brion Vega

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

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In my study I intend to explain carlo scarpas thinking in his design of the Tomba brion vega, his most visited work and analyse the design of each element individually and as a whole. It is a site of elegance and poetry and epitomises Carlo Scarpas use of architecture to produce meaning and feeling. Carlo Scarpa himself describes the tomb as a pathway (Un'ora con Carlo Scarpa ...

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Case Study: Architect Muhammad Rafiq Azam

03 Oct 2016 05 May 2017

7 (2,523 )

Tables of Contents: Introduction………………………………………………………………………………3 Analysis………………………………………………………………………..…………3 Climatic condition……………………………………………………………..3-4 Architectural theory………………………………………………...…………4-5 Clients……………………………………………………………………….…5-6 Culture…………………………………………………………………………..6 Materials………………………………………………………………….……6-7 Discussion……………………………………………………………………………..7-8 Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….……9 References……………………………………………………………………………..10 Book resources Internet resources Introduction: The purpose of indicting this particular essay is to understand architecture via language especially in term of vocabulary, grammatical structure; both physical and intellectual. Through certain arrangement, it carries message and communicates meanings. Rafiq Azam had been chosen ...

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Hindu Temple Architecture in Taj Mahal

03 Oct 2016 05 May 2017

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Chapter 2 Traces of Hindu Temple Architecture in Taj Mahal As mentioned earlier in the previous chapter that many critics have found Urdu traces and Taj building is a symbolical representation of Mughal monument only. But Professor P.N. Oak challenges such ideas and brings out a critique that the Taj Mahal is actually a Hindu Temple of Lord Shiva (Tejo-Mahalaya). As P.N Oak also theorizes that ...

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The concept of the Eco-City

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

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The next new wave in city planning is "Eco-City" in response to global climate changes crisis. It is a relatively new concept, combining together ideas from several disciplines such as urban design, urban planning, transportation, health, housing, energy, economic development, natural habitats, public participation, and social justice (Register 1994). In simple word, Eco-city is settlement where it allows the citizen to live and work using minimum resources. ...

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Life And Work Of Frank Gehrys

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

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Many of Frank Gehry's early works reflect a refined manipulation of shapes and structures, whereby many of his buildings present distorted shapes or apparent structures. From the Guggenheim museum to the Walt Disney concert hall, Frank Gehry's architecture is close to none. He cleverly plays with shapes and geometries. In this essay, I shall start with a brief analysis of Gehry's house and the influences in the ...

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Risk-taking during childhood play

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,668 )

Introduction to the proposed study area The aim of this dissertation is to focus on the question of the nature of risk around children's play. What risks are the kinds of risks children prefer? How these risks are tolerated and coped with. What is meant by risky play the thrilling and exciting form of play which involves the chance of physical injury. This type of play can ...

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Leon Battista Alberti

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

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Discuss Alberti's treatise on Architecture in relation to San Andrea in Mantua. In particular, discuss the role of humanistic philosophy in his work giving careful attention to the question of proportion Leon Battista Alberti (1404-72) was a true 'Renaissance' man. He was a gifted playwright, mathematician and sportsman trained in Law. As the person in charge of the constructions commanded by the Pope, he had the occasion ...

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How Technology Changed The Making Process

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

8 (2,970 )

Consider for a moment the argument of good vs. evil. Neither can seem ably exist alone, without the other surfacing or breaking the mould at one time or another. Now consider the historical friction between the arts & crafts era of design and today's computer aided 'magnificence'. As soon as design aids such as AutoCAD, and laser cutters were created, people began to argue for the loss ...

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The relationship between nature and architecture

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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What has landscape architecture and industrialized society to learn from indigenous cultures and their symbiotic relationships with nature? ‘Despite nature’s many earlier warnings, the pollution and destruction of the natural environment has gone on, intensively and extensively, without awakening a sufficient reaction; it is only during the last century that any systematic effort has been made to determine what constitutes a balanced and self-renewing environment, containing all ...

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Work Of Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), a German-born architect is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of Modern architecture, responsible for establishing and popularizing a new architectural style in the U.S. Mies left Germany in 1938 to head the Armour Institute, which later became the Illinois Institute of Technology. His design of the Main Campus and of other important buildings, such as the apartment towers ...

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The Context of Modernism

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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INTRODUCTION CONTEXT OF MODERNISM Modernism is a set of cultural or aesthetic styles which associates with the scientific and the artistic movement which started in the decade around the First World War and have dominated among several movement such as cubism, functionalism and surrealism. Sarup, M. (1993). However in architecture, modernism reacts to the dedication of addressing new buildings after the two World Wars such as mass ...

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A Multiprocessor Can Be Defined

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

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A multiprocessor can be defined as the computer which uses two or more processing units under the integrated control. Multi-processing is also defined as the way of using two or more than two CPUs within a single computer. As we all know that there are processors inside the computers, the multi processors, as the name indicates, have the ability to support more than one processor at a ...

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Review of Renaissance Architecture

03 Oct 2016 28 Apr 2017

4 (1,486 )

Throughout the past years the emergence of architecture have gone through various evolutionary phases .The philosophy of Architecture produced with time two major branches which is the basic Renaissance and Baroque architecture .The development of Architecture from basic Renaissance form which indicates having the characteristics of dignity and formality shown through symmetry and that to have an available space for rational engagement with the divine which ...

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Architectural Design of Religious Temples

03 Oct 2016 28 Apr 2017

9 (3,488 )

ABSTRACT Over time new inventions and discoveries have taken place in bringing advancement to technology. So the society, people, and their mentality gets adapted to the technological advancement. The things used by them get modified, so do their tastes. Similarly there is also a huge change in the environment, architecture, the spaces they use, the type of food they have, etc. Considering these changes in the society, ...

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The Relationship between Architecture and Politics

03 Oct 2016 27 Apr 2017

7 (2,574 )

Architecture is not only classified as describing the elegant and formal preferences of an architect, but it can also reveal the hopes, power struggle and the elements culture of the society. Although nowadays architecture tend to orbit around themes that represents neutrality in order to represent a healthier theme or image for the city without supporting any political regime ,it can be certainly maintained that using ...

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A Study On The Architectural Design

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

5 (1,865 )

The architectural design of the 21th century buildings has been redefined due to the advancement of our modern technology. In our modern society, the architectural design of buildings is changing the downtown landscape of metropolitan areas. Due to the change of technologies, it has changed the architectural design of buildings dramatically in terms of its function, design structures, heating and cooling systems and it social status in ...

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Gothic revival and neoclassicism

23 Mar 2015 27 Apr 2017

7 (2,571 )

Gothic Revival and Neoclassicism were strong architectural movements which occurred during the mid 18th to the end of the 19th century. In Wellington, these two architectural movements can be seen through the churches of Old Saint Paul's (OSP) which is a Gothic Revival church and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Sacred Heart (MCSH) which is a neoclassical building. Reverend Frederick Thatcher (1814 - 1890) designed Old Saint Paul's ...

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A Report On Health And Safety in Architecture

23 Mar 2015 25 Apr 2017

7 (2,607 )

In simple terms, health and safety is about identifying risks and eliminating or controlling them to stop accidents and occupational ill-health. Today there is a high focus on safety in the industry. Many companies have documented that the safety and well being of their workers and fellow human beings deserve the highest priority. In history, this is a major leap. If one looks at the approach and ...

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Greatest challenges facing the world today

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

11 (4,304 )

Climate change and energy security are the greatest challenges facing the world today. Climate change is causing global warming, which is the increase in the average temperature on the earth's surface, air and oceans. The release of greenhouse gas emissions into our atmosphere, from human activities, such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation have been a major factor in their increase over the last 100 years. Energy ...

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Examining The International Style

23 Mar 2015 24 Apr 2017

10 (3,752 )

From 1920s until 1930s, the international style has gained its popularity globally, and it is expressed in all kinds of expressions, including the expression of volume rather than mass, where the spaces have more priority than the solidity of the building. There is also a stress on balance rather than symmetry, where the function of different parts of the building is arranged in balance, and the shape ...

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Urbanism and Architecture

03 Oct 2016 20 Apr 2017

6 (2,166 )

“Dwelling is the combination of architecture and urbanism” Dwelling, as a place to live, can be a house, a flat, an apartment or other place of residence. It is a place where human spent of most of their time while indoor. The concept of dwelling has been changed over the last hundreds years, in that period, the many dwelling building in different place of the world ...

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The Influence of an Interior Space on the Human Psyche

03 Oct 2016 20 Apr 2017

4 (1,554 )

VISUAL COMMUNICATION CONTENT PAGE PAGE INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………………1-2 PROJECT BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION……………………….……………….3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES…………………………….……………………………………..3 STUDY DEFINED……………………………………………………………….………….3 RESEARCH STATEMENT………………………………………………………….……..3 RESEARCH SCOPE, LIMITATIONS AND CONSTRAINTS…………..…..…….…..…3 DESIGN SCOPE, LIMITATIONS AND CONSTRAINTS……………………..….….….4 DEFINITION OF TERMS…………………………………………………………..….…..5 BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………………………………………..………..6 APPENDIX……………………………………………………………………..……………7 Introduction: In the research document below research will be done on how designers are influenced by Biophilic interior design concepts, the influence interior designers have on relevant target markets and ...

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Architecture and memory

23 Mar 2015 18 Apr 2017

8 (2,847 )

Throughout history, nations have sought to exhibit social memory of their past achievements whilst conversely erasing the memory of transgressions committed during their development. These nostalgic reflections of historic events have been both literally and figuratively portrayed in didactic monuments, which carefully edify the events into clear depictions of state victory and triumph. However, shifts in the discourse of twentieth-century politics have given rise to the voice ...

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Green Architecture

24 Feb 2017

19 (7,409 )

Keywords: Lebanon, sustainable, architecture, green, eco Introduction Since the Industrial Revolution, the world has witnessed incalculable technological achievements, population growth, and corresponding increases in resource use. As we enter a new century, we are recognizing the “side effects” of our activities: pollution, landfills at capacity, toxic waste, global warming, resource and ozone depletion, and deforestation. These efforts are straining the limits of the Earth's “carrying capacity”—its ability ...

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Fashion and Architecture

24 Feb 2017

18 (6,998 )

Keywords: fashion, architecture, qualitative, interviews The body can be seen and thought of as a machine, a vehicle, as well as a building. Therefore it could be stated that dressing of an individual provides a definition of personal space as do architectural structures though they are bigger in scale. Fashion and architecture have many connections: they both aim to "make" shelter for the human being and reflect ...

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The Garden City Movement

03 Oct 2016 16 Nov 2016

8 (3,027 )

THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT The Garden City Movement was invented by Sir Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) (Couch, 2014). It was first described in his book Garden Cities of To-morrow, published in 1902(Ebenezer Howard, 2014). The Garden City Model introduced the application of some basic planning principles which are still in use today. It consists of self-sufficient communities surrounded by greenbelts with planned proportionate areas in agriculture, housing, ...

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Design to Art

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2015

22 (8,531 )

Design is the most basic human creative activity. One could argue that Palaeolithic cave drawings were based on this fundamental human creative need. The word 'design' derives from the Italian word 'disegno', meaning 'drawing of a work'. Many confuse the notion of 'Design' to 'Art'. Design can well be seen in art, but as an independent subject it must be considered as entirely different. One of the ...

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Acoustic Design in Architecture

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2015

3 (1,157 )

Introduction The purpose of this report is to produce a design scheme for the conversion of a large room to a multi use theatre. The report will present the necessary things that need to be considered to ensure a satisfactory acoustic environment by measuring the problems encountered with acoustic design and how to tackle them. The report will look at the problems related to this space and ...

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Neural architecture

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,589 )

Introduction This article is going to discuss neural network construction from a different perspective than is usual in conventional approaches. This approach, which will be referred to as Neural Architecture, is intended to explore construction of neural networks using neurons as explicit building blocks rather than anonymous elements trained en mass. Simple Python programs will be used to demonstrate the concept for simple boolean logic functions. The ...

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A Study About Culture Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,747 )

The same person, thus, can belong to several different cultures depending on his or her birthplace; nationality; ethnicity; family status; gender; age; language; education; physical condition; sexual orientation; religion; profession; place of work and its corporate culture. Culture is the "lens" through which you view the world. It is central to what you see, how you make sense of what you see, and how you express yourself. ...

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A main component to design fish recognition and classification system architecture

23 Mar 2015

22 (8,667 )

1.1 Introduction In the previous chapter, the architecture and the approaches of object recognition and classification system were shown in details. Moreover, the features of shape characters of fish that will be used for classification stage are provided. Therefore, this chapter focuses on some background of literature approaches on related work and concepts in the field of object recognition and classification. In particular, a main component to ...

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The role of the public square

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,866 )

SOCIAL COHESION AND THE ROLE OF THE PUBLIC SQUARE IN CONTRAST TO THE THIRD PLACE Social cohesionis a term used insocial policy,sociologyandpolitical scienceto describe the, level of Social inclusion, integration, interaction and participation within a society, particularly in the context ofcultural diversity. It is associated the structural functionalismandpolitical conservatism of the built environment, hence is directly affected by the process of Urban Design (). The concept of ...

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Romanesque and Gothic Architecture

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,566 )

Romanesque architecture between 800 and 1150AD was popular in Western Europe which then rose to the gothic style. Pre-Romanesque style developed by using elements of roman design in the Christian churches in the states of Western Europe. By the end of the pre-Romanesque period Roman elements had fused with Byzantium elements from the Middle East, these influences became known as the Romanesque, meaning "in the manner of ...

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Shared memory MIMD architecture

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,667 )

Introduction to MIMD Architectures : Multiple instruction stream, multiple data stream (MIMD) machines have a number of processors that function asynchronously and independently. At any time, different processors may be executing different instructions on different pieces of data. MIMD architectures may be used in a number of application areas such as computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, simulation, modeling, and as communication switches. MIMD machines can be of either shared ...

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Compare Polymers Metal And Ceramics Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,958 )

Ceramics are inorganic and nonmetallic materials formed from metallic and nonmetallic elements whose interatomic bonds are either ionic or mostly ionic. Many of the ceramics desirable properties are obtained usually by a high temperature heat treatment. Ceramics are made up of two or more elements. In a crystalline structure is more complex than that of metals. When the bonding is mostly ionic the crystal structure is made ...

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The Architecture Of Theatres Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,112 )

Back to the first half of the 20th century and it was in America that mass production was becoming ever more efficient and chains of theatres were blooming all over the country. Architects commissioned to design these theatres were no longer being briefed by the playwrights and managers but by the owners of the chains with the sole intention on increasing box office sales. The aesthetics were ...

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The Threshold Of Museums Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,273 )

Altes Museum in Berlin was designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1830s. They way is has been done inflected many architects' work. From this building, we could feel Schinkel desires to provide the people who lived in or visited his buildings with subtle spatial experiences and consider the relationship of building with their landscape settings. He diverted the focus of architectural concern away from the design of ...

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Era of globalization cultural differences

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,539 )

Introduction In this era of globalization in business environment, companies are expanding their business all over the world, i.e. in different countries and each of them with different cultures. One area in particular of growing importance is intercultural management skills. Culture in international business nowadays is recognized to have a major role to play in the international sales, marketing, recruitment, management and mergers. "In short, culture is ...

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The contemporary versus the historic

23 Mar 2015

23 (8,994 )

Interventions, the contemporary versus the historic, timeless or trend, sympathetic or callous? An investigation into the relationship between historic architecture and contemporary interventions, An insight into 'Britishness' and the controversy of altering historical buildings. There are currently a lot of high profile builds which involve an old building gaining a new addition, an example being the plans for the Tate Modern art gallery extension, (FIG)which has been ...

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Parametric and algorithmic design

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,576 )

Architecture is often practiced in a world dominated by the many, the client or the public and in many cases only understood by the few. Architecture has been relatively unsuccessful at moving forward with the world often failing to relate and communicate with cultural shifts, changing ways of life and the advancement of technology. Where other design related practices such as the automotive industry have blossomed, re ...

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Study On A Flip Flop Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,171 )

A flip-flop is a term referring to an electronic circuit (a bistable multivibrator) that has two stable states and thereby is capable of serving as one bit of memory. Today, the term flip-flop has come to mostly denote non-transparent (clocked or edge-triggered) devices, while the simpler transparent ones are often referred to as latches; however, as this distinction is quite new, the two words are sometimes used ...

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India; vernacular architectures

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,417 )

Introduction India is vast in culture and traditions, nature, religions, languages rich with historical monuments with vernacular architectures. Taj Mahal is one such wonderous monument structures built by ShahJahan as tomb in memory of his adored wife, Mumtaj Mahal. Taj Mahal is renowned for its glorious Indo-Islamic architectural presence in style, shape, color, location of the monument and material used to construct it. It is one of ...

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House and housing autumn

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,620 )

Amani SaridarAR 307 House and Housing Autumn 2009 Located at the foot of the San Giorgio Mountain, in the Mendrisio district of Switzerland, Casa Bianchi at Riva San Vitale stands apart from the beautiful natural landscape of this fishing town. Occupying 220 square meters of an 850 square meter site, the concrete block tower resembles a fortress in its relative isolation above Lake Lagona; cold and yet ...

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Russian Architecture Between 1924 And 1932 Architecture Essay

23 Mar 2015

13 (4,843 )

Russian architecture since the eleventh century up to the early 20th century was predominantly religious. For many centuries, churches were the only buildings that were constructed out of stone. However, the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the influence of the Suprematism movement of 1915 brought about the birth of Constructivism, the modernistic architectural style of Russia from 1924-1932. The brief period that followed the 1917 Revolution marked ...

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Economic and Environmental benefits of Green walls

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,895 )

INTRODUCTION Green wall and its necessity         The living, organic systems characterized by green walls, are integrated with the inorganic and lifeless structures are dominating modern architecture and holds the promise of a new type of 'living' architecture. Green walls are generally walls that are part of the Building covered with vegetation. They are like vertical garden mostly formed with creeper system on the exterior wall with the ...

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