Methods to Discover Archaeological Sites

23 Mar 2015 04 Dec 2017

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What are the main methods used to discover archaeological sites in the landscape? Critically assess the pros and cons of the methods you identify using relevant examples. The archaeologist uses a range of techniques to actively discover and locate archaeological sites within the landscape; these methods are non-invasive and non-destructive and fall into four broad categories: * Desk Top Surveys • Surface Surveys * Geophysical and Geochemical ...

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How Celtic was Iron Age Britain?

23 Mar 2015 04 Dec 2017

4 (1,232 )

The concept of classifying a period of prehistory as the Iron Age was first introduced in the 19th century, and later validated by the massively significant discoveries at Hallstatt and La Tène. Subsequently, the era was broken down into chronological periods, against which the British Iron Age is now defined. For ease of definition, The British Iron Age tends to be broken into three periods, Early, Middle ...

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History of Iron Smelting Technology

23 Mar 2015 04 Dec 2017

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Introduction: The arrival of iron smelting technology in sub-Saharan Africa played a significant role in shaping the historical record of the area by bringing profound changes to the lives and societies of its inhabitants (Haaland Shinnie 7). In the parts of Africa south of the Sahara and south of the Ethiopian highlands, there has been no archaeological evidence supporting a Bronze Age (Van Der Merwe 463; Alpern ...

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Theories for the Development of Agriculture

23 Mar 2015 04 Dec 2017

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Question #2: Agriculture was one of the greatest advancements in human history as it provided a foundation for the development of social hierarchies or rank societies, population growth, greater access to resources through trade, and power struggles among the elites. The big question, however, is how did the practice of agriculture originate? Hunting and gathering societies had been very successful up until the time marking the transition ...

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Role of National Museum to Safeguard Cultural Heritage

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Role of Bangladesh National Museum to Safeguard Intangible Cultural Heritage: A Review Bangladesh National Museum Abstract This paper aims to investigate the role of Bangladesh National Museum to safeguard intangible cultural heritage which is considered as the fundamental of tangible culture. Unfortunately, for the contentious impact of modernization, our intangible cultural heritages are under serious threat to its existence which is very alarming for us because ...

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The Meaning of Wine in Egyptian Tombs

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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The find of Tutankhamun’s tomb is significant in its being one of a few intact royal tombs to have been discovered in Egypt thus far. Many of the artifacts in the tomb were spectacular, but the three amphorae found in Tutankhamun’s burial chamber raised many questions. Maria Rosa Guasch-Jané’s article looks at the amphorae found within the tomb, and attempts to answer some of the questions ...

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Linear B Archives and the Mycenaean World

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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What contribution do the Linear B archives make to understanding the Mycenaean world in respect of one of the following: social organisation, cult practices, stock breeding and agriculture, warfare, bronze working? The Linear B archives provide us with the earliest primary evidence about Mycenaean palatial civilisations[1] and an unparalleled insight into the nature of Mycenaean warfare. The archives consist of approximately five thousand clay records[2] and contain ...

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Human Fossil Findings in Indonesia

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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Indonesia is an important country to examine about human origins and evolution, due to many sites within central Java, such as Sangiran and Ngandong which account for 75 percent of the world’s Homo erectus findings (Frederick &Worden, 2011). Evolution of Homo sapiens in Indonesia has shown Indonesian archipelago was inhabited by Homo erectus, which were known as the “Java Man”, between 1.5 million years ago and ...

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Archeology: Imperialism, Colonialism and Nationalism

03 Oct 2016 20 Sep 2017

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How does archaeology interact with Imperialism, Colonialism and Nationalism? Have they contributed to archaeology in any way? Discuss with examples. When we look at the history of the archaeology, it can be said that the archaeology have always been a part of political activities however the most sensational and the conspicuous time of this interaction between archaeology and the politics can be dated after the French ...

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Greek and Roman Houses

23 Mar 2015 17 Aug 2017

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Keywords: greek architecture house, roman architecture housing What are the significant ways in which Classical Greek and Roman houses differ? What can we learn about their households from these differences? It is important to remember that houses in the Classical and Roman periods need to be analysed carefully. Excavations carried out through the ages have had varying degrees of accuracy when interpreting the information that is gleamed ...

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Archaeologists' Interpretations of Sex and Gender

27 Jul 2017

6 (2,355 )

How have archaeologists' attempts to interpret sex and gender relations in the past changed? Gender, as a point of request in the investigation of prehistoric studies, has not been of essential enthusiasm until late history. It has just been as of late in the last thirty or forty years that the investigation of sex and gender relations as far as examining it in archaeological revelation ...

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The Kennewick Man Controversy

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

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An Exploration of the Kennewick Man Controversy The Kennewick Man controversy is one of the most well known federal court cases dealing with NAGPRA and Anthropological research. The case is influential for Native Americans, Anthropologists, Archaeologists, and federal law makers alike. Though it lasted many years and endured a very bumpy road, the Kennewick Man case will serve as a great example and learning tool to anthropologists ...

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Urban Society in Mesopotamia

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

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The Evolution of Urban Society in Mesopotamia Where and when did the first urban societies appear? Were the earliest cities a prerequisite for the development of civilization or merely by-products of it? These are fundamental questions that are attempted to be answered in studies of the ‘urban revolution', which is defined as “emergence of urban life and the concomitant transformation of human settlements from simple agrarian-based systems ...

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Contributions of feminism to archaeological theory

23 Mar 2015 01 May 2017

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Introduction In its stages of conception, archaeology was considered to be merely a sub-discipline of both history and anthropology, and, in many cases, was restricted as a rich man's hobby. Developed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the initial episode in the history of theoretical archaeology is usually referred to as 'culture history', a means by which early archaeologists established rudimentary predictive models patterning human ...

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Radiocarbon Dating in Archeology

03 Oct 2016 19 Dec 2016

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Keywords: radio carbon dating, radiocarbon dating The science of archaeology has undeniably enriched mankind’s history and has helped to quench the quest to understand our past cultures in a better way. Understanding the age and period of existence of the excavated fossils and other organic objects will help the archaeologist to unravel human history and evolution in a scrupulous manner (Taylor 24). Archaeologists utilize one of ...

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The Historical Importance and Latest Findings of the Great Wall of China

03 Oct 2016 19 Dec 2016

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Keywords: Great Wall of China (Use related reports, other published or on-line material to analyze the selected site) Introduction (250) The Great Wall was reckoned as the world's largest human-made structure made up of stone, bricks and earthen works whose construction started as early as the 7th century BC. Originally, it was used in many purposes but the most significant was to act as a ...

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A Study on Roman Ampitheatres

03 Oct 2016 19 Dec 2016

7 (2,500 )

Keywords: The Colosseum, Roman amphitheatres Roman amphitheatres If one were to ask any person what first comes to mind when they think of Roman civilisation, most people would instantly respond with the Colosseum in Rome, or the Gladiatorial games. The Colosseum in Rome was a symbol of the power and wealth that Rome possessed at the height of her glory, and even today, the amphitheatre dominates ...

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Human Remains Curatorship: Ethical or Academic?

03 Oct 2016 19 Dec 2016

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Abstract Biological objections are always easily evoked the public concern of ethical issue, especially in human remains. And therefore, museum professionals should treat human remains differently and carefully in curation. The public awareness of ethics is changing from time to time. In the past, audiences did not response the concerns of human remains’ that are exhibited in museums, either with the human bones or an open ...

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A Review of Radio Carbon Dating, Potassium Argon Dating, Seriation and Stratigraphy

03 Oct 2016 19 Dec 2016

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Keywords: radio carbon dating, potassium argon dating, seriation, stratigraphy Explain the importance of the following dating methods: (a) radio carbon dating, (b) potassium argon dating, (c) seriation, (d) stratigraphy. Archaeology can be defined as “the scientific study of the human past, of ancient human behaviour, from the earliest times right up to the present.”(Fagan, 2006) .The study of archaeology as an academic discipline is dependant on ...

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Archaeology Essays - Late Bronze Age

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,111 )

Assess the evidence for cult practices on Cyprus during the LBA (Late Bronze Age). There is a variety of evidence for cult practices on Cyprus during the LBA although it is often difficult to interpret and scholarly opinion of the significance or meaning of any particular piece of evidence may vary widely.  In absolute terms, the LBA on Cyprus approximately covers the period from 1650-1050BC, some six ...

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Development of the greek city-state

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,534 )

In What Ways Were Panhellenic Sanctuaries Distinctive in Comparison with Other Kinds of Greek Sanctuaries?         This work is going to centre on the Panhellenic sanctuaries of Olympia and Delphi and what made them distinctive, but also the reasons why these distinctions occurred. To achieve this I am going to focus the discussion on the origins of the sanctuaries in comparison to others that did not have Panhellenic ...

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Textiles of mesoamerica

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,253 )

        The many cultural and artistic differences between the Pre Columbian societies made the Americas a breeding ground of beauty and fashion. The three famous societies; Aztecs, Mayans and Incans; each had an individual style that reflected their environment, morals and overall way of life. Though these civilizations inhabited the western hemisphere and were able to communicate to each other, no fashions within any two civilizations shared any ...

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The population movement

23 Mar 2015

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Introduction Population movement may be utilised to reconstruct activities during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. Recent research particularly that relating to genetics and isotopic analysis, has been employed to assist in this tracking of movement, though issues with this process have arisen, as will be discussed below. Generally when analysing the transition archaeologists have tended to focus primarily on a change in economy, compiling set criteria which indicate either ...

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Star Carr

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,580 )

Star Carr is considered to be an important site for understanding the Mesolithic period. Consider why this situation exists and outline what factors limit the available evidence for hunter- gathers in Britain during this period. To understand Star Carr, we most place the site in context with the larger Mesolithic landscape of Britain. Is Star Carr important and if so why? What evidence does Star Carr show ...

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Archaeology Essays - Archaeological Excavation

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,614 )

Can archaeological excavation of sites not under immediate threat of development or erosion be justified morally? Explore the pros and cons of research (as opposed to rescue and salvage) excavation and non-destructive archaeological research methods using specific examples. Many people believe that archaeology and archaeologists are mainly concerned with excavation – with digging sites.  This may be the common public image of archaeology, as often portrayed on ...

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Domestication of maize in mesoamerica

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,454 )

Maize: The Domestication of Maize in Mesoamerica One of the most basic needs of a human being is that of food. We most eat and drink to survive. Subsistence is a natural thought which consumes every modern humans day. What will I eat for breakfast? What will I take for lunch or will I eat out? Should I take something out for dinner or pick something up ...

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