Vitamin D Impact on the Liver and Kidney

27 Feb 2018

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Revised vitamin D copy Sources and forms of vitamin D Vitamin D, also termed calciferol, is a fat-soluble secosteroid compound that is an essential regulatory factor for calcium and phosphate metabolism in humans and animals. Its biological functions involve a physiological action in bone formation and mineralization, muscle contraction, nerve signal modulation and transmission as well as many cellular metabolic effects in various organs. ...

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Dementia's Effect on the Visual System

27 Feb 2018

20 (7,813 )

Abstract Recent evidence indicates that memory impairment and visual dysfunction are clearly linked in dementia, and that special testing for visual dysfunction can improve the early diagnosis and treatment of dementia. Visual function is divided in terms of anatomic, functional and cognitive areas respectively. Under normal circumstances these functions perform seamlessly together to produce a visual reality of what we call the external world. Alzheimer's disease ...

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Plant Medicines in Cancer Treatment

27 Feb 2018

27 (10,573 )

Review of Literature Plants as therapeutic agents Plant medicines are the most widely used medicines in the world today. The use of herbs and plants as the first medicine is a universal phenomenon. Every culture on earth, through written or oral tradition, has relied on the vast variety of natural chemistry found in healing plants for their therapeutic properties (Serrentino 1991). Plants with therapeutic potential ...

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Disease Caused by Parasite of Genus Trypanosoma

27 Feb 2018

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Human trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma evansi and Trypanosoma lewisi in India : A matter of concern Introduction Disease produced by the parasite of genus Trypanosoma called as trypanosomiasis. It is one of the most important hemoprotozoan diseases, widely distributed in animals and human beings. It is endemic in Africa and America, are deadly pathogens that threaten millions of people in at least 36 countries in Africa. ...

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Intergenerational Observation Scale Analysis

27 Feb 2018

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Abstract Innovative intergenerational programs continue to grow in number and scope. The development of standardized evaluation instruments, however, lags behind, leaving many researchers and practitioners without tools to effectively assess their programs. Evaluation data often focus on outcomes without attention to the nature of the interactions between generations. Understanding the process of intergenerational contact is central to understanding its outcomes. We developed the Intergenerational Observation Scale ...

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Structural and Functional Properties of Tendons

27 Feb 2018

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Chapter One Literature Review 1.0 Introduction Tendons are dynamic structures; their extracellular matrices are continuously being synthesised and broken down over the course of an individual’s lifetime. The macromolecules, namely collagen, proteoglycans, hyaluronan and the non-collagenous proteins form the extracellular matrix of tendons. In normal tendon exists a fine balance between the synthesis and degradation of these macromolecules resulting in a strong healthy tendon. It is ...

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Medical Brain Drain in Developing Countries

27 Feb 2018

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CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND The loss of human capital from developing countries to developed countries is not a new phenomenon. It is commonly refer to as "brain drain" which broadly represents the migration of highly skilled professionals from one country or part of a country to another in search of a better prospect (Sako, 2002). The loss of highly skilled professional attributed to brain drain has been ...

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Impact of Work-Related Stress, and Treatment

27 Feb 2018

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Stress as the modern day back pain Abstract It has been estimated by MIND, the mental health charity, that in excess of five million people in the United Kingdom are suffering such an extreme level of work related stress as to put them at risk of a complete breakdown (cited in Laurence 2005). The pressures on individuals suffering from stress frequently results in them being absent ...

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Smoking and Coronary Heart Disease Impact

27 Feb 2018

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Introduction Medical innovations and rapidly evolving technology has led to a decrease in the rate of mortality from diseases. However, the fast and constantly changing hectic lifestyle of today has led to the introduction of new diseases, unhealthy lifestyle and early, premature deaths. Today's technology has provided us with the benefits of early detection and preventive treatments and answers to some of the previously incurable ...

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Healthcare Training in Simulated Environments

27 Feb 2018

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Simulation Introduction “Clinical simulation is pretending for the purpose of improving behaviors for someone else's benefit (Kyle & Murray, 2008, p.xxiv).” All respiratory therapists are trained to manage the airway of an unconscious patient. Endotracheal intubation is the most effective method of securing the airway but is a complex psychomotor skill requiring much practice. Historically, endotracheal intubation had been taught on patients, cadavers or animals, but ...

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Research on Shisha Smoking Hazards

27 Feb 2018

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Abstract This research was conducted to familiarize with the Hazards of Shisha Smoking among the youth of today, since past five years in the metropolitan city of Lahore. Primary and secondary sources were of great use. The information collected revealed that the teenagers are adopting Shisha as a style statement without knowing its health consequences. Cafes serving Shisha are considered to be rapidly increasing and ...

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Sexual Health Factors for Youth in Britain

27 Feb 2018

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Sexual Health Ill Factors that contribute to the poor sexual health of Britain’s youth Introduction Problems with sexual health affect all sections of society including all age groups. Sexual ill health disproportionately affects vulnerable groups such as young people between the ages of 16 and 25, ethnic minority groups and those affected by poverty and social exclusion. (World Health Organization, 2004) Sexual health refers to the ...

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Perceptions of Reproductive Health in Muslim Undergrads

27 Feb 2018

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A MULTIDIMENSIONAL CONSTRUCT OF PERCEPTIONS ON SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AMONG MUSLIM UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS Abstract This study examines factors influencing undergraduate students who are all Muslims from one of the public universities in Malaysia. Data were obtained from a survey conducted among the undergraduate students (n=255). Principle Components Analysis (PCA) revealed four latent factors: the electronic and printed media, knowledge of circumcision, the Islamic values ...

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Analysis of SAMe as an Antidepressant

27 Feb 2018

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S-Adenosyl-Methionine (SAMe) And Improved Methylation Offer A Serious Alternative To Orthodox Medications Can S-Adenosyl-Methionine (SAMe) and improved methylation offer a serious alternative to orthodox medications in the treatment of depression? Abstract In this dissertation we consider the issues surrounding the use of SAMe as an antidepressant. There are many different aspects to this consideration. We start by a consideration of exactly what depression is on a ...

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Psychosocial Interventions for Psychosis Evaluation

27 Feb 2018

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Introduction This report aims to critically appraise psychosocial interventions (PSI) that are utilised when working with complex cases. In order to do this the term complex is explored with reference to people with psychosis. Different types of complexity are discussed with a more detailed examination of a specific complexity; the relationship between substance misuse and psychosis (dual diagnosis). The effects that substance misuse and psychosis have ...

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Personality Disorder Carer and Family Support Impact

27 Feb 2018

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ARE PSYCHO-EDUCATIONAL AND SUPPORT PROGRAMMES FOR FAMILY AND CARERS EFFECTIVE IN REDUCING RELAPSES AND FACILITATING RECOVERY OF PEOPLE SUFFERING FROM PERSONALITY DISORDERS? ABSTRACT Background Carers and families of people suffering from personality disorder are in desperate need of support and services. Providing these services can reduce relapses and facilitate recovery in sufferers of personality disorder. The Research Question How can psycho-educational and support programmes for ...

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Primary Healthcare Web Technology Application

27 Feb 2018

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Primary health care ABSTRACT Primary Health Care is committed to helping patients take control of their health. This system is virtual, but our physicians and their dedication is real. Using secure, web-based technologies provided by Medical Web, our health-care providers offer advice and treatment for a variety of conditions. Patients can communicate securely and confidentially with our physicians throughout the treatment process using our messaging system. ...

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Predictive Capabilities of the Simulex Model

27 Feb 2018

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Introduction The purpose of this study is to analyse the predictive capabilities of the Simulex model, used to simulate the movement of people in evacuation simulations. Other evacuation models used within the fire engineering community, i.e. Firewind WayOut and simple hand flow calculations, provide quick and easy access to a reasonable estimate for a required movement time for egress in a building. ...

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Periodontal Health of Libyan Pregnant Women

27 Feb 2018

58 (23,115 )

Abstract Background: Pregnancy-related changes are most severe on gingival tissue; those observed changes have been the object of interest for a long time. A number of researchers reported the association between periodontal health of pregnant women and socio-economic status. No study on such subject has been performed so far in Libya. The aims of the present study are to evaluate the periodontal status in a sample ...

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Acute Exacerbation of Bronchial Asthma (AEBA) Case Study

27 Feb 2018

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1.0 CASE SUMMARY 1.1 Patient information and presenting complaints SAR, a 54-year-old female with weight of 54kg and height of 160cm was referred to the hospital by her GP due to shortness of breath which was not relieved by taking inhaler, minimum cough with yellowish sputum, abdominal pain and mild diarrhoea. Her shortness of breath had been on and off for the past 1 week ...

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Patient Healthcare Using SMS Technology Application

27 Feb 2018

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Chapter 1 Introduction to Patient Care Using SMS Application Patients travel longer distances for the opinion of consultant which is not possible either due to patient situation or due to distances. Enhancement of health care in different locations and other remote areas can be achieved using mobile phone applications [1]. 1.1 Problem Statement Development of mobile communication networks playing an important part in the enhancement of ...

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Effects of Physiological Reproductive Events on Ovary

27 Feb 2018

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Chapter one Introduction Background The two majors function of the ovary is the differentiation and release of female gametes (oocyte), which can then be successfully fertilised and ensure the survival of species. The ovary is also an endocrine organ that produces steroid hormones that allow the development of female secondary sexual characteristics and supports pregnancy. The mammalian ovary is covered by a single layer ...

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Full Kinetic Chain Manipulative Therapy on the Knee

27 Feb 2018

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The relative effectiveness of full kinetic chain manipulative therapy and full kinetic chain rehabilitation in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. Brief Synopsis of the Research Therefore in this study we aim to establish the effect of the KFC manipulative therapy alone, FKC rehabilitation alone and the combination of the two interventions on osteoarthritis of the knee. This will be done by means of ...

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Self-Esteem, Control and Well-Being in Obesity

27 Feb 2018

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Obesity in the UK – individual problem or national plague? Introduction: Levels of obesity are on the rise in the UK and following calls from doctors and other health professionals, the government has pledged to fight obesity with promises to help British society to fight the problem on a number of levels. Predictions are that in 2010 almost one third of adults will be obese ...

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Nursing Discipline Overview and Reflective Account

27 Feb 2018

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NURSING DISCIPLINE - MENTAL HEALTH BRANCH From the 16th Century mental health patients were contained in asylums until mental health hospitals were introduced during the 1950's. Sometimes people who were a disruptive or were only reacting in a normal way to difficulties in their lives were 'put away'. Often patients were excessively medicated and subject to treatment which would be totally unacceptable today such as ...

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Mycobacterium Marinum Treatment Literature Review

27 Feb 2018

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Abstract Background Mycobacterium marinum is an atypical mycobacterium that can be found in water environment. It is the agent of a characteristic skin disease known also as fish tank granuloma. In some occasions it can spread as a nodular lymphangitis, extend to deep structures as well as in exceptional cases disseminate systemicaly . The infection is adquired after contact with fish or contaminated water mainly from ...

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Muscular Leg Strength and Sprint Performance Relationship

27 Feb 2018

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2.0 Muscular Strength vs. Single Sprint Performance Muscular strength is a physiological characteristic thought to facilitate sprint performance, mainly due to the increased ability of the muscle to generate muscular contraction during short-term high intensity activity (Baechle and Earle, 2008). Experts have defined muscular strength as the ability of a muscle or muscle group to exert maximal force against a resistance once, through the full ...

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Motivating Pharmaceutical Employees in Kuwait

27 Feb 2018

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The pharmaceutical sector in Kuwait has never been considered by the Government to be as important as the other healthcare or even many other professional sectors, like engineering for example. It has always been viewed as a less important profession with a very small number of professionals relatively to other jobs in the country. However, Pharmacy is a necessity in Kuwait and in every country, ...

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Mental Health Illness and Stigma Literature Review

27 Feb 2018

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1. Introduction 1.1 Mental illness and stigma Inequalities in health services delivery and utilization for people with mental illness has been widely documented.1 Subsequently this results in poorer outcomes for this population in regard to general health, such as circulatory diseases, mortality from natural causes, and access to interventions .2-4 Several issues have been identified as contributing to these disparities in health service access and ...

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Factors Influencing Medical Students in Career Choices

27 Feb 2018

33 (13,064 )

Study of Factors Influencing Medical Students in their Choice of Career Introduction What makes medicine such a sort-after field? Medicine today is a very highly regarded profession which is well compensated, provides excellent job security and has the opportunity to have a positive influence on the lives of many people1. Success in medicine requires hard work and application, both while learning and when entering practice2. However, ...

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Childhood Maltreatment and Diabetes Relationship

27 Feb 2018

20 (7,980 )

Study Rationale The primary goal of this study is to conduct an empirical investigation of the association between an early life stressor such as childhood maltreatment and subsequent diagnosis of Type II diabetes in adulthood. This study will specifically explore if a relationship exists between the type and severity of childhood maltreatment encountered and participant's diabetes-related quality of life. To provide a context for the current ...

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Liver Function Tests Literature Review and Practice

27 Feb 2018

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Introduction The liver is the largest internal organ in the body. In adult the liver weighs approximately 1-2.5 kilograms. It is “wedge-shaped”, soft and reddish-brown in colour. It is situated underneath the diaphragm. The liver is divided into right and left lobes by the middle hepatic vein. The right lobe is bigger and consists of caudate and quadrate lobes. The blood is supplied to the liver ...

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Injury Risk in Elite Basketball Players

27 Feb 2018

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The elite basketball player is considered in this piece not only in terms of his potential for injury but also in terms of the potential of the physiotherapist and other sports professionals, to give advice, support and guidance so that he may practice his chosen sport as safely as is reasonably possible. We have looked at the nature, incidence and sites of injuries sustained. We have ...

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Strategies for Dietetic Communication

27 Feb 2018

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Abstract This report contains information about the academic discourse, history, resources used, and communication skills, which make up an important arena for a professional in the dietetic profession. A brief explanation of the AMA style manual used in the dietetic profession is also outlined and compared to the APA style manual. There is a shared understanding of language and terminology that must exist in the dietetic ...

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Computer Guided Template-Based Dental Implant

27 Feb 2018

35 (13,765 )

Abstract: The introduction of implants to dentistry has helped many edentulous patients to have a more reliable functional and esthetic alternative to fixed and removable prosthetic appliances. The optimal 3-dimensional positioning of the implants secures the best function and esthetic of the final restoration and at the same time avoids the biomechanical complications and failure that might take place subsequent to the wrong positioning of the ...

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