Evaluation of Three Common Mental Disorders

20 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

5 (1,751 )

Evaluation of three common mental disorders: Eating Disorders, Schizophrenia and OCD Introduction This essay will look to explain and evaluate three of the most common metal disorders which are:- - Eating Disorders- Schizophrenia- Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD) The essay will look at a range of different types of psychological explanations and evaluating whether each explanation holds any strengths and or weaknesses. The essay will be concluding ...

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Literature Review of Psychological Impact of SNSs

21 Jul 2017 26 Sep 2017

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LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction Connection technologies such as e-mail, text messages, social networking sites (SNSs) including Facebook and microblogs such as Twitter are widely embraced, and the accumulative impact of these social media on the lives of their users continues to mount exponentially (LaRose, Connolly, Lee, Li, & Hales, 2014; Punjazon-Zazik & Park, 2010; Ahn, 2011). However, growing attention is being placed on impacts associated with a ...

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A Case for an Integrated Life-Span Approach

19 Sep 2017

5 (1,954 )

Nature or Nurture: Yes. A Case for an Integrated Life-Span Approach There has been a debate raging, sometimes quietly, sometimes not, in regards to why individuals are the way they are. Most now realize that there is a tremendous interaction between the expression of the genes that we are given and the environment that forms the context for growth and development. Consider identical twins, separated at ...

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Field Experiments versus Laboratory Experiments

19 Sep 2017

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Field Experiments versus Laboratory Experiments: A Question of Purpose Rather than Preference This paper aims to explore two worlds, without explicitly choosing one over the other. We realize of course that making that choice would make our task easier as we would become advocates for one side. However, as we shall see, this would not be the prudent course of action. In science, both field and ...

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Critical Health Psychology View of Stress

18 Sep 2017

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Stress is a natural subject for critical health psychology. Critical health psychology is not so much an intersection of two fields, health psychology and critical psychology, as it is a union of the two in expanding beyond the traditional limits of medicine and clinical psychology. Here is S. Taylor’s definition of health psychology, quoted by Isaac and Ora Prilleltensky: “Health psychology is the field within psychology ...

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Impact of Money on Happiness

18 Sep 2017

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The love of money, as they say, is the root of all evil. Yet money remains an essential commodity in everyday living. It is a universal need that is pursued one way or the other world over. There are several amenities in life that can mostly only be purchased by money; hence the lack of it can speedily reduce an individual, any individual into distress and ...

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Crowd Psychology and Deindividuation Theory

18 Sep 2017

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Hilter, Hooligans and Fire Drills A Review of Crowd Psychology and Deindividuation Theory Introduction One could say that Hitler was a first-rank “Hooligan” but that wouldn’t quite hit the mark to either of them. “Hooligans” are not a new fascist regime but the young, typically undereducated and likely marginalized males who seem to cause a disproportionate degree of mayhem during football matches. Fire drills are done ...

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Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Effectiveness

18 Sep 2017

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Introduction The following discussion will critically evaluate the research evidence which is available regarding the efficacy and effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). It will particularly focus upon its application to the treatment of Schizophrenia Initially, a brief explanation of what is meant by CBT will be given along with an outline of the model which underpins it. A consideration of the use of ...

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Psychology Case Study on Fictional Character

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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Taneka Gibson  Case Conceptualization Cruella De Vil Introducing the Character Cruella is the head of the London fashion house called House of De Vil. Cruella has two passions cigarettes and fur.  Anita Dearly is one of Cruella's employees and hinted to be her best fashion designer. Cruella first took interest in the Dalmatian puppies when Anita drew spots on one of the designs. Anita, inspired ...

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Psychological Theories of Advertising

16 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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Kirstin Sprague Culver-Stockton College Dr. Stiles Advertising gives us a message in many forms whether it be attracting, informing, reminding, suggesting or impelling us numerous times throughout the day. Advertising is the process of making things known to us. Psychology is the word of the mind and to be successful to get people to buy things you must combine both psychology and advertising. Gill, L. ...

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Effects of Bigotry on Children

16 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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Rozenn Moundounga Michelle Romero Throughout history, conflicts and fights have been observed in population because of difference between people. People experience discrimination all over the world. This intolerance towards others can be seen as prejudice or bigotry. Bigotry is known as any prejudice someone may have towards others. They are different types of bigotry such as racism, homophobia, or sexism. Bigotry cannot be ignored because ...

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Role of Transactive Memory in ICU team Resuscitaton

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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CHELSEA KRAMER The Role of Transactive Memory in ICU Team Resuscitation The intensive care unit (ICU) is branded as a complex environment. Evolving situations, rapid changes to patient condition and frequent interruptions challenge multidisciplinary teams' ability to work effectively. The interdependent, often ad-hoc nature of ICU teams makes them vulnerable to teamwork skill deficiencies. Particularly, issues in non-technical skills such as communication and teamwork during ...

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Panic Disorder: Causes and Treatment

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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 Tylir Fowler  People that are diagnosed with panic disorder are those that experience spontaneous panic attacks and are fearful of a recurring attack (Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia ). A panic attack is a relatively short timeframe of high fear or discomfort, which is characterized by shortness of breath, dizziness, rapid heart rate, shaking, sweating, choking, and other concerning symptoms physically; these can last from minutes ...

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Moderate Ethylic Alcohol Consumption Memory Impact

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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Research on Whether Moderate Ethylic Alcohol Consumption Impairs the Formation and Retrieval of Long-Term Memories Subject: Psychology Abstract The aim of this research was to investigate if there could be any potential beneficial effects of consuming a moderate amount of ethylic alcohol on the cognitive process of memory formation and retrieval in the long-term. Thus, the research question explored was 'Research on whether ...

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Teacher Discipline Styles and Children's Social Behavior

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

4 (1,387 )

Patty S. Stewart Educators spend a large amount of their time attempting to deal with their class and teaching uncontrollable kids. The strategies they utilize can produce either positive or negative effects on kids' social conduct. The nature of the connections that kids frame with their educators is an imperative supporter to the youngsters' social and scholastic achievement. Kids whose association with the educator is ...

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Stigma of Labeling Adolescent Students

15 Aug 2017 18 Sep 2017

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Jordin Stewart Imagine a fourth grader sitting next to her best friend in her favorite class. Math class is going as usual, playing with the fun tens blocks, joking around with her best friend, and not having a worry in the world. Some boys next to her notice the cuts on her wrist. They are all too young to even begin to understand what self-harm ...

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Literature Review on Consultancy Methodologies

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Faye Wood Purpose of the literature review As part of my role at the X unit Personality Disorder Treatment Service, I have been asked to complete a piece of consultancy work related to the recruitment of new discipline staff to the unit. Specifically, I have been asked to evaluate the existing interview and selection process and suggest ways in which this process could be improved. ...

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Analyzing the Psychological Effects of Epilepsy

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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 Julie LaMon Epilepsy is a chronic seizure disorder. The hallmark of Epilepsy is recurrent, unprovoked seizures. In the United States alone, there are around 100,000 new cases of Epilepsy every year (Sirven and Shafer). Epilepsy affects more individuals than cerebral palsy, cancer, tuberculosis, muscular dystrophy and multiple sclerosis combined (Fletcher). Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes (Rathus). Epilepsy is related to ...

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Major Depressive Disorder: Causes and Treatments

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Cameron Ross  Introduction Often referred to as the common cold of psychopathology, depression, or major depression disorder, is a state of sadness characterized by feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, despair, and withdrawal from others that has a constant interference on the lives of those suffering. Depression is usually accompanied by low energy, loss of interest, pain, and low self-esteem. Behind lower back pain, depression is the ...

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Concepts of Gender and Sexual Identity

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Da'Myah Buckner Sexuality Sexuality is quite multidimensional (Masters, Johnson, and Kolodny 3). Sexuality encompasses many different elements. These elements include: sex, gender identity, gender role, body image, sexual orientation, sexual thoughts, sexual fantasies, and the way a person experiences intimacy ("A Definition of Sexuality"). Broadly put, a person's sexuality defines the way they express themselves as a sexual being. Each component of sexuality contributes something ...

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Effect of Parental Sexual Orientation on Children

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Meriam Khalifa Psych 1 Anne Milner In Does Parental Sexual Orientation Matter? A Longitudinal Follow-Up of Adoptive Families with School-Age Children, the researcher Rachel Farr studied the relationship between couples' sexual orientation and their children's behavior. She questioned whether their sexual orientation would impact children's well-being based on the debates of 'father and mother need to present' vs. the increases today in same-sex couples. Farr ...

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Environmental Risk Perception Article Paper

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Bill Hasler   Environmental risk is an issue perceived in dissimilar ways by individuals across the globe. In fact, it is impossible to assess full accuracy of environmental risk research. This is due to several environmental aspects which require thorough investigation. In the recent past, global warming has been the major topic under consideration. This paper seeks to analyze two articles related; one analyzes issues of ...

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Synesthesia: A Unique Perspective on Life

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

5 (1,697 )

Hope Wamae  Colored hearing, shapes one can taste, letters and numbers with personalities, and sounds that produce physical sensations. To most people this experience sounds like something out of a movie, but for some individuals this is a reality. Until recently scientists deemed this phenomenon a result of an overactive imagination, but after closer review these occurrences were revealed to be a real condition and ...

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Effects of Early Home Language Environment on Speech

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Effects of early home language environment on perception and production of speech Lily Tao and Marcus Taft Presented by: Danielle Macedo INTRODUCTION (200-400 words) The main question of this study is what are the consequences of parents who have migrated to a new country and speaking to their children mostly in their native tongue rather than mostly the accented-new language/majority language of the new country? ...

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Nervous System Influence in Shaping Behaviour

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Dr. Kathryn Westbeld  Shaping Behavior The brain is a sophisticated organ whose function and design makes it the main hub for the nervous and sensory systems and cognitive functions, all of which are vital in forming behavior. They function separately, yet in conjunction to construct movements and behaviors. This paper will discuss how these systems and cognitive functions shape behaviors. The brain develops as at ...

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Gender in Simultaneous and Successive Bilingual Acquisition

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Afaaf Ebrahim The development of gender in simultaneous and Successive bilingual acquisition of French - Evidence  Introduction The main topic of the study is to look into whether the age of onset acquisition, the quality and quantity of the concept of gender within the French language, depending on if French was learned simultaneously with another language growing up, or if French was considered the L2 language ...

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Marital and Family Therapy

15 Aug 2017 15 Sep 2017

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Kevin Smith One of the many different reasons that a person sees a therapist would be because of family and relationship problems. When dealing with a one on one session the dynamics are clear as that there is only one patient. But when those dynamics are changed with the introduction of a second variable such as that of the spouse, partner, or possibly other family ...

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How Do Adolescents Talk about Self-harm? Qualitative Study

16 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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A qualitative study of disclosure in an ethnically diverse urban population in England Introduction This study deployed qualitative method to conduct study on "How do adolescents talk about self-harm". The researchers evaluated the causes of self-harm among young adults by looking at the factors that makes young people drift into self-harming themselves and the reasons why they do not seek help from health providers, charity ...

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Theories of Why Humans Sleep

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Siegel (2005) simply stated that "the functions of mammalian sleep are unclear". One could simply answer; "because we're tired" or "to relieve tiredness", but that of course does not answer the inherent question no more than explaining why do we get hungry or thirsty by saying we eat because we're hungry or drink because we're thirsty. Organisms do their best to regulate eating, drinking, breathing ...

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Theories of Motivation

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Intrinsic motivation This is motivation from within.  A desire to perform well and succeed.  The following will be true: Desire to overcome the problem or task Development of skills and habits to overcome that problem Rehearsal of successful habits until they are perfect A feeling of pride and enjoyment in performing the skill Repeated goal setting in order to progress and maintain motivation ...

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Impact of Mental Illness Misconceptions

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Mental disorder or illness have impacted millions of lives around the world, when no treatment is applied it creates disability, suffering and enormous economic loss. In a survey released by National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing in 2007, it was found that in 16 million Australians aged 16-85 years almost half (45%) have experienced mental illness in their life. Almost half (45%) of all ...

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Conflict Resolution in Sentence Processing by Bilinguals

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Conflict resolution in sentence processing by bilinguals Sylvain Moreno, Ellen Bialystok, Zofia Wodniecka & Claude Alain Presented by: Kathrine Crowley INTRODUCTION (200-400 words) The primary topic of the study was to test the theory that bilingualism provided an advantage in measures of executive control. This theory had been supported in studies of bilingual children, but the researchers wanted to determine if bilingual adults exhibited ...

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Clinician Decision Making on Juvenile Transfer

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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 Discussion The literature on clinicians' decision-making and assessment of treatment amenability related to juvenile transfer is extremely limited. This is so despite the magnitude of such evaluations on the fate of youthful offenders. The findings of the current study have implications for both the legal and psychological communities. As previously noted, considerable changes within the juvenile justice system over the past few decades have led ...

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Lucid Dreaming Therapy

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has seen a steep incline in recent years, affecting over 1 adult in every 12 (National Comorbidity Survey Replication [NCS-R], 2001-2003). Per the American Psychiatric Association, it is defined as a psychiatric disorder that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, rape or other ...

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Literature Review of Race and Racism

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Yahaya, A., Ing, T. C., Lee, G. M., Yahaya, N., Boon, Y., Hashim, S., & Taat, S. (2012). The impact of workplace bullying on work. Archives Des Sciences, 65(4), 18-28. In this investigation, a quantitative approach examined the problem of workplace bullying from a theoretical viewpoint. This study reviewed the relationship between workplace intimidation and employees' work performance. The Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ) consisted of ...

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Developmental Issues in Identity Formation and Self Esteem

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Critically discuss the significance of understanding the developmental issues of identity formation and self-esteem as a guidance counsellor with reference to the work of at least 3 theorists covered on the module. Early adolescence is a period of obvious human development and growth which occurs between childhood and adolescence. Adolescence is the transition from childhood to adulthood, it's when the form of attachment with their ...

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Relationship Between GCSE Grades and Socioeconomic Variables

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Introduction The data set resulted from measuring variables mostly focused on various GSCE grades, type of schools attended and family education levels and it is comprised of 1450 responses. Out of the 1450 participants, 57.2 percent were females (830 females) and 42.8 percent males (620 males) 16-year-old students from England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Furthermore, the objective of the analysis is to explore possible correlations ...

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Critical Incident Reflection: Group Task

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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This critical incident reflection is related to a recent group assignment I had to do with a friend who suffered from a serious medical condition of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. For confidential purposes, this person will be referred to as J throughout this reflection. One of the primary symptoms of J's condition was that obsessive thoughts distracted him from his work and, hence, his normal work ...

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Personal Reflection on Becoming a Innovative Entrepreneur

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Entrepreneurial skills are not necessarily genetic and can be achieved by any driven individual (Jones, Macpherson and Jayawarna, 2014). In addition to class lectures and independent study, effective entrepreneurship learning involves developing crucial self-reflection, innovative and cognitive awareness skills; and possessing generic competencies which can be further enhanced by social elements (Jones, Macpherson and Jayawarna, 2014). Nevertheless, it is important to note that entrepreneurship is ...

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Neural Differences in Native Language Comprehension

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Title of journal: Neural differences between monolinguals and early bilinguals in their native language during comprehension Author: Román, P., González, J., Ventura-Campos, N., Rodríguez-Pujadas, A., Sanjuán, A., & Ávila, C. ed Introduction: This journal wants to test for the existence of neural signature of bilingualism mainly trying to extend beyond the results on semantic processing (Kovelman, Shalinsky, Berens, & Petitto, 2008; Kovelman, Baker, et al., ...

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Mother' Perspectives of Infant Day Care - Research

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Introduction The qualitative semi-structured interviews analysed are from a study of new mothers' perspectives on using day care for their infants. The qualitative interviews have been thematically analysed using template analysis. The reason why this type of analysis was chosen is because it was identified as the most fitting due to it offering the possibility to conduct a rich and in depth analysis of the ...

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Treatment Strategies for OCD: A Case Study

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Service context: The service context involves a secondary care community mental health team in a deprived area of South Wales. In this service context an audit completed by the Psychologists revealed a high level of reported abuse, including emotional and psychological, in the client population. Thus, services are configured within a trauma informed approach, and much of the work revolves around trauma. Within the Psychological ...

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Pre-operational Stage of Piaget's Cognitive Development

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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In this essay, I will be describing the pre-operational stage of cognitive development brought to prominence by Swiss clinical psychologist Jean Piaget. "A central component of Piaget's developmental theory of learning and thinking is that both involve the participation of the learner. Knowledge is not merely transmitted verbally but must be constructed and reconstructed by the learner." (Ginn, 1995: 3). Firstly, I will give a ...

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The Science of Selfhood

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Ian A. M. Nicholson wrote the book Inventing Personality to cover and illustrate the work of Gordon Allport and the intensive research he pursued to learn more about personality or otherwise coined "Science of Selfhood". Gordon Allport was known by others as the "Patron Saint" of personality. It was said he did more than others to make personality psychology a well -known and established practice. ...

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Sentence Processing in Chinese-Amercan Bilinguals

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Aaronson D. and Ferres S. Presented by: Charmaine de Castro INTRODUCTION The main topic of the study is how bilinguals process sentences in terms of structure and function. The main question in the article was to figure out how Chinese-American bilinguals would compare to monolingual English speakers when they read sentences and diagnose how they process them differently. This article tested the theory that ...

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Benefits of Pretend Play for Child Development

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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In what ways might engaging in pretend play in early childhood be beneficial for a child's development? Use evidence from psychological research to support your answer. Pretend play is often discussed, yet rarely understood. A child can engage in fantastic play since early childhood with the purpose of developing certain skills and abilities (e.g. : cognitive skills, language and literacy abilities, creativity abilities, emotional benefits ...

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Introduction to Schizophrenia Research

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Schizophrenia does not appear too much in popular culture, any instance that can be named in some recent movies and television programs does not paint the mental illness in any type of positive light, as these situations are only made public in the case that something happened. Any time a person with schizophrenia is brought into the public light, the history of that person's mental ...

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Topics in Intergroup Relations

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Introduction Different groups have different goals, interests, beliefs and principles. At times, one group's interests or goals may clash or contradict with another group's interests or goals and in such a situation, a conflict is likely to arise. The term 'conflict' has been defined differently by various researchers. It has been described as the experience of incompatible activities (goals, claims, beliefs, values, wishes, actions, feelings, ...

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Presenting Problem of Severe Anxiety

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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A Presenting Problem of Severe Anxiety - Stage 2 Essay: Group 2; Essay Number 3 For the sake of conserving space I am going to assume that the examiner has access to the background information provided for this essay and so, although I will refer to the information provided, I do not propose to repeat the essay brief here (there is not a title as ...

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Social Identity Theory and Conformity

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Apply Social Identity Theory to ONE contemporary topic in Social Psychology. "Self Identity is inextricably bound up with the identity of the surroundings" Svendsen, A Philosophy of Boredom. There has been significant impacts within the field of Social Psychology from conformity, because it has brought vast understanding of group pressure. The term 'Conformity' is often defined as: An action that is the succumbing of a ...

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Assessing Moral Values

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Are the truths of moral judgements only relative to a specific viewpoint, or are some certainties absolute, or even contextual? An examination of the moral relativist viewpoint reveals elements that are pertinent to more than one perspective; some attitudes held as certainties, or absolutes, or relative per context. Is it possible to be morally relativistic while holding logically inconsistent positions? The outlook that respecting people ...

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Middle Childhood: Evaluation of Development and Milestones

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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These dimensions are not separate, they overlap consistently, for instance, can strongly influence another. Writing words, for an example, requires physical development (sub-category: fine motor skills) but it also requires language which falls under a part of the cognitive development. This essay discusses the developmental period of middle childhood (usually defined as ages 6 to about 12), addresses the milestones faced for this age group. ...

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Minimal-pair Word Learning by Bilingual Toddlers

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Minimal-pair word learning by bilingual toddlers: the Catalan /e/-/É›/ contrast revisited   Introduction This study concentrated on whether or not infants would be able to detect small differences in sounds of different languages. Previous research has shown that by a year old, infants will tune their ears to be able to only detect their native language (Byers-Heinlein& Fennell, 2014). Research also can tell us ...

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Theories of Sexology |Development of Sexology

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Per Weiner, L., and Avery-Clark, C. 2014, Masters and Johnson are remembered for detecting scientific data on the human sexual response. Masters and Johnson also came up with a short-term treatment program for sexual dysfunctions. Even though coming up with a treatment is important, their most important work to the field of sex therapy is the development of sensate focus or sexual exercises for couples ...

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Overview of Freud's Psychosexual Theory

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Sexuality- Research Paper Sexuality is a person's sexual curiosity and desire for other people; their ability to have sexually stimulating occurrences and responses (Defining Sex, Gender, and Sexuality). In this paper, we will explore the different theories that have tried to explain the concept of sexuality. Those theories are the psychoanalytic theory, the learning theory, the social exchange theory, and the cognitive theory. Sexual dysfunctions ...

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Book Review: The Boy Who Was Raised As A Dog

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Book Review: The Boy Who Was Raised As A Dog During pregnancy there is an undeniable connection between a mother and her baby. From the moment fertilization takes place a tiny seed (human being) starts to form that will change the life of many forever. Without knowing the mother could be carrying the next Aristotle, mother Teresa, or even the President of The United States. ...

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Post Partum Depression

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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 New mothers suffer major effects after the birth of a child. The most talked about effect is called "Post Partum Depression" Most new mothers suffer post partum depression after a short amount of time after birth. Post partum usually last few months but can go up to a year. How does post partum affect new mothers ? Post partum effects many new mothers physiologically as ...

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Types of Abuse: Domestic, Financial and Technological

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Abuse occurs when people mistreat or misuse other people. Abusive behaviors are used to manipulate others. But the uncommon types of abuse are just as important as the common ones. They include economic, academic, and psychological abuse. Economic abuse is a form of abuse when one intimate partner has control over the other partner's access to economic resources, which diminishes the victim's capacity to support ...

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The Impact of Divorce on New College Students

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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In most cases parents' divorce is assumed to create a negative impact on kids under the age of 18 years old because children at a young age are proven to be at a higher risk of getting affected emotionally and psychologically when parents seek divorce. However, many divorced parents have the wrong impression that kids in college are immune to the effects of divorce, therefore ...

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Diversional Therapy Practice - Impact of New Initiatives

15 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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DIVERSIONAL THERAPY PRACTICE    Diversional Therapy includes the planning, outlining, coordination and execution of client focused recreation activities. The aim of which is to enhance the quality of life through continuous support and improvement of the client's spiritual, emotional, physical, psychological and social needs and well-being. Every activity is designed to tailor-fit an individual's need or a group's, in order to attain the optimum individual ...

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Role of Prior Language Context on Bilingual Spoken Word

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The role of prior language context on bilingual spoken word processing: Evidence from the visual world task Introduction: The main topic of this paper is how cross-language activation and within-language activation is affected in spoken language processing in bilinguals depending on which language was most recently spoken. There were two opposing hypotheses that were tested. The first one is the language mode view, which states ...

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Analysis of Personality Tests

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Personality Personality is the organized pattern of behavior and attitudes that makes a human being distinctive. Personality is formed by the ongoing interaction of temperament, character, and environment (Gale 1147). It affects your everyday life and plays a major key on your perspective on topics. One's personality is not inherited, you acquire it through childhood growth and environment. It's affected by one's value, personal memories, ...

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Impact of Nutrition on the Brain

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all animals. The brain is in the head closest to the sensory organs such as vision and smell. It is responsible of controlling the nervous system which work in conjunction to guide our interactions with world around us. The function of the brain is to acquire information from the surrounding ...

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Positive Self-Affirmation on Self-Esteem

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Abstract Identifying productive ways to interact with self-esteem levels through the use of behavioral activation, and using positive self-affirmation as a way strengthen self-esteem. This study intends to determine whether self-esteem can be improved in college students to cope with other aspects of their academic lives. The study focuses on positive self-affirmation as the key component of the behavioral activation, acting as a positive ...

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Comparison of Maslow and Rogers' Theories

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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"Critically compare and contrast Maslow and Rogers accounts of the Self-Actualised/Fully Functioning Person with Positive Psychological Theories of the 'Wise Person'." Talk about the similarities and differences Self actualisation defined by Larsen and buss as a "growth based motive, a motive to develop, to flourish and become to become more and more what one is destined to become". The humanistic domain of psychology focuses on the ...

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Developmental and Social Influences upon Self-Identity

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Developmental theories of self-identity such as those Erik Erikson (1902-1994) and James Marcia (Marcia, 1966) identify stages through which individuals develop over time. Social theories of identity are founded on social constructivism (Vygotsky, 1978). They address how identity is constructed through our relations with individuals (Cooley, 1902) and groups (Jajfel & Turner, 2001). The distinction between these two approaches may be less clear than first appearances ...

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The Genetics of Identity and "Normalcy" (2001-2015)

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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This chapter chronicles the fascinating history of discovery in the study of the genetics of identity and normalcy. Key concepts covered: Race assignment of individuals does not carry any general implication about genetic differentiation. Intelligence is heritable. Sex identity is physical; gender identity is psychological. There is strong evidence that sexual orientation and social behavior are hereditary. Epigenetics is the study of changes in ...

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Memory Conformity of Autobiographical Events: an fMRI Study

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Whether privately, when we remember a past experience, or publicly, when we recall a shared memory with a friend, remembering is a functional process. The narratives of our past help us define and maintain our sense of self and meet the social demands of the community (Barnier, Sutton, Harris, & Wilson, 2008; Harris, Paterson, & Kemp, 2008). However, far from being exact replications of the ...

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Switch Cost Modulations in Bilingual Sentence Processing

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Switch cost modulations in bilingual sentence processing: evidence from shadowing Sybrine Bultena, Ton Dijkstra & Janet G. van Hell Presented by Jessica Garcia INTRODUCTION (200-400 words) This study aims to determine the cognitive costs of language switching in bilingual sentence processing. It also wants to investigate whether the cognitive cost is different depending on whether the switch is from L1 to L2 or vice versa. ...

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Introduction to Ethical Codes of Conduct

09 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Psychologists have ethical guidelines that they must follow when undertaking experiments or research and should also be followed in professional clinical practice and publishing. These rules are in place to protect anyone taking part from harm. Participants must be informed of the purpose and procedures of the experiment before giving consent and be aware that they may withdraw from the experiment at any time. A ...

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Memory Disorders and Alzheimer's

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,315 )

Memory is the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information (Schacter). You can recall memories of anything that occurred in your life from the time you were able to start remember things to present time. Problems remembering things that have happened throughout your life can be caused by a psychological disorder. Memory disorders can be progressive, like Alzheimer's or Huntington's disease, or immediate, ...

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Improving Performance and Well-being in the Workplace

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,563 )

Psychological research to improve performance and well-being in the workplace   The field of Psychology has continuously had an invested attention towards the advancement of wellbeing within the workplace. Occupational Psychology is predominately concerned with the performance of people at work, and with the evolving understanding of how organisations work and how individuals and groups behave in these settings. Psychological wellbeing is further distinctly acknowledged ...

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Social Implications of Medical Issues

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

8 (2,954 )

My final wishes are my wishes. Please just follow them through! It shouldn't be up for debate. I understand you guys have your opinions but, this is my body and my final trip that I plan to take the way I want to take it. No hospitals, no needles, no noises just peace. Just me my family and my Lord. Good morning family, my name ...

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Human Thinking and Problem Solving

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

6 (2,081 )

The research on human problem solving has presented a number of strategies we can use in order to reach a solution. Present a detailed examination of these strategies alongside a critical exploration of the key barriers that may stand in the way of the individual solving a problem. Human thinking and problem solving have been a subject of research in psychology since the old ages ...

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Impact of and Treatments for Phobias

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,507 )

It is December 2nd 2005, Sophie Waller was just pronounced dead in her bed at the age of 8. Pathologist Marianne Brundle found she died of acute kidney failure because of starvation and dehydration (Salkeld, 2009). It all started when she had a dentist appointment at the age of 4 and the dentist accidentally sliced her tongue. The fear of another painful mouth experience haunted ...

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Impact of Suicide and Treatment

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

6 (2,051 )

Suicide can be such a very touching subject. As a lot of suicide occurs around the world, it's become a huge matter, and of course an impact to a whole lot of communities to prevent suicide. Even so, hotlines were made to save those who are in the position for self-harm, or even to speak about it. As the time continues, and more stories, and ...

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Anti-Anxiety Medication and the Brain

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,142 )

When one is bed-ridden with the flu, it only makes sense for that person to see a doctor to seek treatment. Such treatment could be in the form of medications. Much like a physical illness, the anxiety-ridden may even seek medicinal therapy. However, the underlying difference among the medications is their function and how they function. While one may answer those problems for the wide ...

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Age of Acquisition Effects in Translation Judgment -Analysis

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

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Ellis, A.W., & Izura, C. (2004). Age of acquisition effects in translation judgment tasks. Journal of Memory and Language, 50, 165-181 Introduction It is quite an amazing phenomenon the way that bilinguals posses the ability to translate semantic meanings back and fort between two different languages with seemingly no effort at all. In studies conducted by de Groot, it was found that translation is faster ...

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Bilingual Language Acquisition by Korean Schoolchildren

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,014 )

Bilingual language acquisition by Korean schoolchildren in New York City Sarah J. Shin & Lesley Milroy Presented by: Cyndy Gomez Introduction The present study addresses to main topic of bilingual language acquisition in Korean-American children. Specifically researchers were interested in acquisition of grammatical morphemes and plural marking systems. The researchers addressed two main questions: (1) "do L1 and L2 learners acquire the grammatical features of ...

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Sexual Addiction and Paraphilias

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

9 (3,327 )

Sexual Addiction and Paraphilias Abstract Sexual addictions are regarded by sex-addiction professionals as a real disorders with real problems for the addict if left untreated. Most sexual addictions are non-paraphillic in nature but some sex addicts engage in paraphilic behavior. A paraphilia is a sexual act which becomes intensified when the addict engages in sexual activities with objects, situations, or even people that are considered ...

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Word Anticipation in L2 Sentence Reading

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (846 )

Can Bilinguals See it Coming? Introduction This study investigates the differences in 1st language (L1) and 2nd language (L2) sentence comprehension. More specifically do the struggles in understanding L2 sentences stem from incorrect word anticipation? The current study is based on the foundation of DeLong et al. (2005) that the comprehender has the ability to understand and interpret language before it is actually presented using ...

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Journal Analysis of Affective Disorder

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

5 (1,914 )

Part I The Anxiety and Depression Association of America conducted a study (n.d.), claiming that seven out of ten United States adults tend to experience stress or anxiety on a moderate level daily. Even though stress is unavoidable in life, it is showing more (Blanco et al., 2008) and has become more frequent and common throughout university students (Gallagher, 2008; Mackenzie et al., 2011). ...

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Suicidal Tendency Among Adolescents with Adjustment Disorder

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,054 )

The concept of adolescence committing suicide perplexes our society; parents do not understand the reason why a child filled with curiosity, and potential turn to such a final act as a solution. Terrifyingly, maybe it was an impulsive act because they do not have the emotional growth to find an productive and effective ways to handle their problems or lessen their sorrow, so suicide appears ...

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Automatic Perceptual Simulation of First Language Meanings

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

3 (1,196 )

Automatic perceptual simulation of first language meanings during second language sentence processing in bilinguals Nikola Vukovic, John N.WilliamsPresented by: Sarah Alas-Viana Introduction: This study's goal is determining whether the mental simulations of the brain are conscious or unconscious/automatic processes. In previous studies it was confirmed that the brain does perform mental simulations like perceptual and visual information (Glenberg & Kaschak, 2002; Horton & Rapp, 2003; ...

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Qualitative Analysis of Nigel Farage's Post-Brexit Speech

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

9 (3,355 )

Abstract This qualitative report uses a thematic analysis to indicate the main themes and subthemes that occur in the recent speech delivered by the United Kingdom's Independence Party (UKIP) leader, Nigel Farage, after the results of the European Union (EU) referendum came to light. A total of 14 specific codes were identified in the beginning, and were then later reorganised and grouped together into two ...

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The Effects of Research on a Psych 1 Student

07 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

5 (1,818 )

The first paper I read, titled "The impact of ingroup favoritism on self-esteem: A normative perspective" regards the need for positive self-esteem that people have, and the effect that ingroup favoritism has on one's self esteem. This research was conducted by Vincenzo Iacoviello, Jacques Berent, Natasha Stine Frederic, and Andrea Pereira. The researchers argue that "ingroup favoritism increases self-esteem to the extent that such behavior ...

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The Uncanny within Family and Marriages

01 Aug 2017 12 Sep 2017

5 (1,897 )

1. Introduction (2,000) 1.1 General Introduction The dissertation that follows will centre upon a critical study of the psychoanalytical concept of 'the uncanny', as articulated by Sigmund Freud. At its very definitional essence-though, in some cases, resisting constraint by definition itself, on the grounds of its self-referential, semantic amorphousness-the uncanny refers to a distintive and unsettling stangeness that arises in the context of familiarity. In ...

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Bowlby and Ainsworth's Views on Attachment Theory

23 Mar 2015 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,467 )

Keywords: attachment theory, theory of attachment, bowlby attachment Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing four characteristics of attachment observed in developing children between the ages of six months and two years old. Bowlby believed that the bonds formed as a result of these observed characteristics continued throughout life, becoming a blueprint used in the development of ...

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Developing a Healthy Relationship after Abusive Relationship

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

14 (5,495 )

The available evidence in this review suggested that in (2003), it was projected 1.3 million females in the U. S. were targets of offensive relations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003; National Institute of Justice, 2005; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). Sources indicate that psychological health specialists play a serious part in the curative procedure after being in domestic violence relationships (Bryant, 2013). Based on ...

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Experiments on Trusting Senses

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

7 (2,692 )

'The illusion of sight and sound' This report examines what aspects of psychology can provide interactive and informative ways to provide an opportunity for the public to evaluate whether they can trust their senses. Focusing on vision and the illusion created by the human mind, also auditory perception, and the co-dependence on other senses, for example sight. 1: Introduction The minute decisions we make ...

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British Muslims: Mental Health Stigma and Counselling

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

12 (4,682 )

Explore mental health stigma and perception of counselling amongst British Muslims. Introduction: Mental health stigma is an ongoing issue that needs to be addressed especially amongst minority groups. Statistics show that' one in four people will experience a mental health problem in the course of a year (mental health foundation 2015). The government has initiated to tackle mental health stigma that prevents people from accessing ...

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A Batak Experiment to evaluate Goal Setting Theory

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

7 (2,795 )

The purpose of this research was to demonstrate if there were any significant differences in performance between a goal setting group who were given a target and a control group that were told to do their best, the general hypothesis states that a goal driven group should perform much better that the group who were told to do their best. The participants were first-year psychology ...

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Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Retrospective

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,315 )

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT), formerly known as shock therapy, is 'a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders', Rudorfer, Henry, and Sackeim (2003). It is a treatment that has attracted sharply conflicting views since its conception and popularisation in the 1930s and 1940s by Italian neurologist Cerletti, and remains a polarising treatment to this day. Among ECT's ...

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Theories of Discrimination and Workplace Bullying

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,299 )

There are several theories concerning colorism or discrimination based on skin color (Hannon & DeFina, 2014) in the workplace that has been coupled with social and structural theories of the African American experience and or new theories of race and discrimination within the United States. At present, there is the limited body of work that provides statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific ...

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An Overview of Tourette's Syndrome

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,353 )

Tourette's syndrome When you think of Tourette's what comes to mind?  Tourette's is a common disorder which may start in early childhood. This condition is characterized by physical and verbal tics (Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet). Tourette's syndrome, also known as TS, first presented itself when a man named Georges Gilles De La Tourette wrote a paper on nine people who exhibited in voluntary motor and ...

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LOP Effect on Memory Types

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

8 (2,960 )

Memory and its complexity involve systematic processes intent on successfully accessing and retrieving information (Atkinson, & Shiffrin, 2016). The depth in which people process external information contributes to memory formation (Craik & Lockhart, 1972). Moreover, the capacity for people to remember acquired knowledge depends on attention level, encoding level, and rehearsal level in which the information was processed (Craik & Tulving, 1975). types of memory ...

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Impact of Stress on Rats' Spatial Learning and Memory

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

8 (3,098 )

Abstract Stress has been shown through varying literature to disrupt learning and memory. Exposure to stress has been identified as anything that threatens to disrupt or disturb homeostasis. When an individual is exposed to prolonged stress it can affect them cognitively, impairing their spatial learning and memory that this review looks at. Specifically, this review investigates the spatial memory of rats when exposed to chronic ...

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Emotion Recognition of Facial Expressions and Hand Gestures

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

6 (2,195 )

Method Participants      The five participants were chosen from friends of the interviewer. All five were female, aged between 28 and 53, with a mean age of 41 years. Two participants identified as being Maori, two as being NZ European and one identified as being European (English). Four out of five of the participants had children. Three participants had achieved academically to an ...

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Language Control in Bilinguals

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

4 (1,584 )

Language control in bilinguals: Intention to speak vs. execution of speech. Introduction At least 50% of the world's population is bilingual (Baker, 2011), and having proper language control to easily switch between two languages is imperative. It is understood that bilinguals have two different stores of knowledge for words, one in each language, otherwise known as a mental lexicon. Lexical concepts are necessary to express ...

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Impact of Lack of Family Cohesion on Child Adjustment

31 Jul 2017 12 Sep 2017

13 (4,845 )

Does a lack of family cohesion effect child adjustment depending on the level of threat the child faces in their local area? Abstract The effect of a lack of family cohesion on child adjustment was examined depending on the level of threat the child faces in their local area in Northern Ireland. This is in terms of the impact that political violence and political conflict ...

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