Personality, Culture and Gender in Negotiation

27 Mar 2018

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Khoo Ling In   Negotiation is what we likely to do when we trying to get someone or a group of people to say yes to us. According to Corvette B.A.B (2007), negotiation is a process where people interact to reach a desired goal. Negotiation happens in everyday life. No matter which profession we are in or in our personal daily life, we use ...

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Comparison of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung

27 Mar 2018

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FREUD AND JUNG 1   Introduction: This paper is an analysis of the differences and the similarities between the various teachings of dreams that was propagated by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud shared a personal relationship for many years, and Jung was the junior partner in these relationships. This is because he concentrated too much of his time to learn on ...

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Relationship Between Attention and Consciousness

27 Mar 2018

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What is the relationship between attention and consciousness? There is a close relationship between the focus of attention and consciousness (Velmans, 1995). It is very obvious that they are related but there are many different views of how they are related (Blackmore, 2010). Velmans (2000) said that it is whatever our attention is focussed on that enters into our consciousness. Mack and Rock (1998) argued that ...

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Differences between Type A and B Personalities

27 Mar 2018

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Practical Skills Angela Adroni An investigation to see if there is a difference between Type A and B personalities and their Physiological response to a mildly stressful activity.   1.0 Abstract(150) The investigation has examined the causes of stress among the armed forces personnel toward mild stress activity. Furthermore, the difference in the performance of both the personality types has been studied. The relationship between stress ...

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Interview Tips and Techniques for Social Research

27 Mar 2018

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Beth Boardley   An interview guide can greatly assist in gathering adequate information. This guide will allow you to ensure your steps are in order and that you have everything written down that needs to be covered. This helps ensure that you conduct a quality interview. The interview guides contains things such as a summary for the purpose of the interview, the structure and ...

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Concepts of Perceptions and Behaviour

27 Mar 2018

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Perception It has long been said that perception is reality, and in many ways it is. Perception is about what we take in and what we make out of it. The study of Perception is concerned with describing the way people see, organize and interpret sensory information. Perception is the process of receiving information about and making sense of the world around us. People’s perceptions influence ...

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Research on Pseudo Psychology Beliefs

27 Mar 2018

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  NAME ALAN TAN CHEONG WAI YEE CHOONG CHIA YEE IMBERT NARUMANAN SEBASTIAN JEREMY PHILIP MONTEIRO LIM JIT SHEN INTRODUCTION Pseudo psychology is branch under the studies of psychology. Pseudo psychology however it isn’t ...

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Social Context in Social Development

27 Mar 2018

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Introduction Human Development or a more common term used “Developmental Psychology” is the study of gradual psychological growth which takes place as the human beings become mature. Developmental Psychology is dominated by four core themes. The first term is associated with the qualitative difference present in children from adults or in simple the lack of experience which adults have. The second one is concerned whether the ...

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Article Analysis: Race and Addiction

27 Mar 2018

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Article Review: Race Case Study “The Life Narrative of a Mixed-Race Man in Recovery from Addiction: A Case-Based Psychosocial Approach to Researching Drugs, ‘Race’ and Ethnicity.” Journal of Social Work Practice: Psychotherapeutic Approaches in Health, Welfare and the Community, 27:4, 375-392, DOI: 10.1080/02650533.2012.745841. Published 2013. Author: Alistair Roy. The main purpose of the article is to explore the psychosocial approach of the research into drugs, and ...

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Professional Issues in Clinical Psychology

27 Mar 2018

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With one in four people in the UK experiencing mental health problems at some point in their lives (Mental Health Statistics, n.d.), how easily people can access treatment in the NHS becomes a very important subject, with serious socio and economic implications. In his recent article in The Guarding, Rob Greig (“Why are personal budgets not used more in mental health?", January 2015) raised a very ...

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Analysis of the Ecological Systems Theory

27 Mar 2018

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The ecological systems theory was developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917- 2005) to explain the role the environment plays on the child at different stages of development. It examined the interrelationship between nature and nurture taking into account that heredity, as well as environmental factors play a role in child development. In Bronfenbrenner’s earliest years of research, he defined this theory as “the study of progressive, mutual ...

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Consumptive Personality Traits

27 Mar 2018

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A Study of Consumptive Behaviour, Personality Traits and Gender Differences Joanne Jacob   Abstract A general population survey of 1193 people was conducted to ascertain if there was a common core personality or behavioural trait of “consumptiveness” in participants. Consumptiveness refers to the acquisition or consumption of items in an excessive amount. This study examined if excessive consumption of one variable, such as alcohol, ...

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Autism Intervention Therapies

27 Mar 2018

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Introduction Autism is a neural development disorder exemplified by weakened social communication and interaction, and by restricted and repetitive limited behavior (Ardnt, 2005). These signs all initiate to ensue prior to a child grows to be three years old. Autism influence and affects processing of information in the brain by varying how nerve cells and their synapses organize and connect (Levitt, 2005). Autism is an invisible ...

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Learning and Everyday Memory: Racial Bias

27 Mar 2018

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Emma J. Barnes   Even though Memory biases may either enhance or impair the recall of memory, or they may alter the content of what and individual report remembering. The purpose of this paper is to identify some of the factors of own racial bias and cross-race effect on learning memory in everyday life. additionally, the paper will explore primary and secondary sources from peer-reviewed ...

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Types of Group Counselling

27 Mar 2018

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Group Counselling Introduction Gestalt therapy is a contemporary system of psychotherapy emphasizing organismic self-regulation by encouraging awareness. According to this approach, simply speaking of an emotion is not enough; one must also experience it in order to achieve the gestalt goals. By dwelling on consciousness, client can choose and experience his own behaviour (Blom, 2006). Gestalt therapy focuses on creating a therapeutic environment for the client ...

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Impact of Living Condition on Depression and Happiness

27 Mar 2018

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Sharmin Akter Summary Now-a-days Bangladesh is witnessing a rapid increase of old people. This increase is the result of many factors such as increase in age, longevity and decreased death rates due to advancement in the field of medicine, improvement of life expectancy and enhancement in the average span of life. As a result of increasing number of nuclear families it has become a ...

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Reduction of Cognitive Dissonance in Smokers

27 Mar 2018

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Yeshara Devendra   Kneer, J., Glock, S., & Rieger, D (2012). Fast and not furious? Reduction of Cognitive Dissonance in smokers. Peer reviewed Journal, Vol 43(2), 81-91 Introduction Smokers do not wish to injure their wellbeing on purpose or presume a pessimistic self-concept due to irrational behavior. A health-related self-concept and smoking behavior are incoherent with each other. When confronted with individual detrimental behavior, ...

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Effect of Positive Reinforcement on Children

27 Mar 2018

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Positive reinforcement leads to better performance in children Christeen Perera   Abstract The purpose of this research is to learn whether positive reinforcement leads to better performance in children. Positive reinforcement is a consequence that increases the likelihood that a behavior will be repeated in the future. The reason that led me to conduct this research is the fact how we as children used ...

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Effect of Stress on Pregnancy

27 Mar 2018

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Efstratios Boumpouras   Abstract Stress is a compound term that includes a large number of emotional states such as mild stress, anxiety and depression. During gestation, it can be experienced by pregnant women as prenatal stress, anxiety and antenatal depression. and it may have negative effects on the development of the fetus and child. In this paper, maternal stress identified and evaluated through animal ...

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ABEL Assessment of Sexual Interest

27 Mar 2018

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Brandi Thomas-Scott   Working in a child center environment daily and being a part of organizations that bring service to children and their families in academic and personal setting make proper and thorough screening of individual’s looking to be a part of and/or work for our organization and/or school very important. In today’s society there are constant reminders of why this is so important with ...

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Using Technology Within the Treatment of Eating Disorders

27 Mar 2018

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Technological developments are made at a rapid rate nowadays. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) developments have provided the basis for the formation of a new term known as telemental health. Telemental health extends beyond psychological disorders, living problems, self-development, and preventive care. ICT has a strong impact on the ecosystem of mental health. The main purpose of the selected article is to review different technologies used ...

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Psychosis in Children

27 Mar 2018

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Psychotic disorders in children are not common, however it is generally agreed that its prevalence increases during adolescence. The prevalence of psychosis in 13 to 19-year-olds was reported to be 0.54%, increasing from 0.9 per 10 000 at age 13 years to 17.6 per 10 000 at 18 years.8 Among adults with schizophrenia, 5% of them report onset of psychosis before the age of 15 years ...

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Strategies for Remembering and Better Memory

12 Mar 2018

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Memory 1. Introduction Memory is the key to live a meaningful and normal life. If a person cannot remember anything about his past how can he understand the present, or even plan for the future? Psychologically, memory is defined as “the structures and processes involved in the storage and subsequent retrieval of information” (McLeod 2007). Therefore, memory is naturally important to the act of learning, and ...

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Evaluation of Jane Elliott’s “Blue-Eyed Brown-Eyes”

31 Jan 2018

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Zohrah Miakheyl   Article 1 Critical Review Stewart,l., Laduka,R., Bracht,C., Sweet, B and Gamarel,E.. (2003). Do the “Eyes” Have It? A Program Evaluation of Jane Elliott’s “Blue-EyedBrown-Eyes” DiversityTrainingExercise1.Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 33 (9), pp. 1898-1921. Introduction In this paper, I will discuss L.Stewart’s article ‘ Do the “Eyes” Have It? A Program Evaluation of Jane Elliott’s “Blue-EyedBrown-Eyes” DiversityTrainingExercise. Stewart’s article is about the ...

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Phenylketonuria: Effects, Treatment and Screening Methods

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Phenylketonuria is a single-gene recessive genetic disorder that causes mental retardation along with other physical and behavioral effects. PKU can be screened for shortly after birth and can be treated with diet. There could potentially be drug therapies and/or gene therapies to help treat PKU with more research. Phenylketonuria is not something new to the field of biology or medicine. This disorder was discovered in the 1930's ...

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Treatment Plan for Valid DSM-IV-TR Mental Disorder

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Severe mood disorders along with delusions are diagnosed as a form of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The symptoms are extremely hard to detect as people often display emotional stressors that creates mental insecurities, on how they relate to others and on how they behave. These conditions if not treated can lead to illnesses that will develop into serious health and mental conditions. Many BPD clients experience images ...

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Effectiveness of Visual and Auditory Learning on Memory

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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ABSTRACT This experiment was performed to compare the effectiveness between visual learning and auditory learning on short-term memory. Forty subjects were required to read a passage while another forty subjects were asked to listen to a recording of the same passage. After a three-minute filler task, the subjects were required to answer a set of ten questions relating to the passage. Most subjects had higher score for ...

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Psychoanalytic Therapy and Cognitive-behavioral Therapy

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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In recent years, cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychoanalytic therapy have been two of the most common types of therapy used the United States. While most agree that the issue of counseling ethics in with the two type of therapy appears. This literature review examines the two types of therapy approach to relate the ethical issues that a therapist might face. The paper compares the effectiveness for adolescents of ...

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Analysis of Ainsworth’s "Strange Situation"

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Outline the procedure used in Ainsworth’s "Strange Situation" and the classifications of attachment that result. In the original study, 10-to-24 month old infants were subjected to a strange setting – which involved the parent briefly leaving the child alone in a room and then returning, then a unfamiliar female entered the room, and the parent leaves the child for a second time, but this time the child ...

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Evolution of Psychology From Greek Philosophy

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Abstract Noting that psychology has its roots from past philosophy, this paper examines how psychology evolved within these three dimensions: The Early Greek Philosophers, After Aristotle and the Modern Science Philosophy acquiring these discoveries to seek for answers towards psychology. Generally, this paper was cited with a call of scholars, researchers, philosophers to tap the potentially rich contributions of some famous Great Philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, ...

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Validity and Reliability of Systematic Review

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Abstract Systematic review with meta-analysis are considered more objective than other types of reviews such as traditional reviews because it involve the application of scientific strategies in ways that limit the bias but the interpretation of the systematic process like any other type of research is subject to bias and this articles will illustrate the sources of bias in every step of conducting a systematic review and ...

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Theories of Unconscious Motivation

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Motivation is the desire to achieve a goal, psychological motivation can be defined as the process which initiates, guides, and maintains goal adjusted behaviour (). There are four basic principles of motivation according to (). The first is that our motives are obtained through learning, motives can change, motives come from within and without (e.g. motives for hunger come from within and motives for desire are from ...

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Contribution of Experimental Methods to Social Cognition

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Option A In this report I will analysis the depth in which the contribution of experimental methods have informed us too understand about social cognition, Social cognition is the study of how people process social information, its encoding, storage, retrieval, and processing, in relation to social situations. It is an aspect of social psychology concerned with how we perceive ourselves and judge people around us in the ...

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Elements of the Person-centred Approach

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Part 1 Considering the value of the person-centred approach compared with a psychodynamic approach to counselling, although they originate from different theoretical and philosophical structures and at first they seem to offer differing methods of treatment, there are similar features, which are common to all effective counselling therapies, particularly ingrained in the beneficial relationship itself and in the merits and expertise of the counsellor. Focusing on how ...

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Effectiveness of Brief Therapy: An Analysis

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Brief Therapy – Promising or Abusive? Brief and time-limited therapy experienced much controversy about its usefulness before it has finally established itself as a valid form of therapy for certain patient populations while being accepted by most professionals in the field. Some therapists have even hailed brief therapy as having already filled the place of longer-term psychotherapy and having emerged as the 21st century’s preferred treatment (Carlson ...

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Distinguishing Fear From Anxiety

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction Anxiety disorders constitute the largest group of mental diseases in European countries {Andlin-Sobocki et al., 2005, Eur J Neurol, 12 Suppl 1, 1-27}. Human anxiety disorders can be categorized into generalized anxiety disorders, panic attacks, Posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD), Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and special phobias, are amongst the most prevalent with a 28% lifetime prevalence and an incidence of 18% {Kessler et al., 2005, Arch Gen ...

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Critical Evaluation of Allports

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Allports claim that "The individual in the crowd behaves just as he [sic] would behave alone, only more so" (Allport, 1924) is an interesting and influential part of social psychology and has lead to numerous pieces of research trying to either support or disprove this claim. How people and their behaviour is affected by social context is a huge part of social psychology. Understanding this allows us ...

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Dynamics of the Psyche: Jung's Theory Analysis

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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This essay will discuss Jung's theories including conscious, personal unconscious and collective unconscious, archetypes, complexes, universal influences, the principal of equivalence, the principle of entropy, the principal of polarity and how they relate or not relate to people in the latter stages of life. The Conscious, Personal Unconscious and Collective Unconscious Jung believed the psyche was made up of three parts, the conscious, which he described as ...

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Differences in Counselling Skills

23 Feb 2017 10 Jan 2018

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People working within the caring profession such as nurses, doctors, teachers, befrienders, fire and ambulance services, may incorporate counselling skills & techniques within their work places. However there is a difference between incorporating counselling skills within a work place & being a qualified counsellor. The main difference between someone using counselling skills and a qualified and trained counsellor is that 'the counsellor is bound by a code ...

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Impacts on Resilient Capacity of Child

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Resilience can be understood as the capacity of a child to deal effectively with stress and pressure, to cope with everyday challenges, to rebound from disappointments, mistakes, trauma, and adversity, to develop clear and realistic oneself and others with respect and dignity. (P. 297) This paper focuses on the risks and adversities which affect the resilient capacities of the child as familial adversities and exosystemic and sociodemographic ...

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Analysis of Child Rearing Styles

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Child rearing is a generic term for raising children which is the basic provision of food, shelter and clothing it also encompasses the socialisation of the child, shaping of their personality, character, talents, cultural and moral values aswell and the emotional and physical well-being of the child into adult life. There are many contributing factors that have an impact on what methods or styles of child rearing ...

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Psychodynamic Approach in Psychology

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Psychodynamic approaches are those that assume that the human personality development and disturbances is rooted in the interplay or dynamics of psychosocial energies that is the drives, needs and instincts within the individual or between the individual and society. Greenberg, J et al (1983:12) postulates that the ways in which the individual expresses these drives in childhood determines or patterns his personality. The psychodynamic approach was developed ...

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Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction: Research Method

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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This chapter discusses the methodology of the research. The research questions and objectives mentioned in Chapter 1 will be identified and analyzed via appropriate research instruments to accomplish the main purpose of the research, which is to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and job satisfaction among individual employees in the workplace. The elements which will be elaborated throughout this chapter are respondents of the study, research ...

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Weiner's Attribution Theory: Analysis

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Critically analyse Weiner's attribution theory Weiner's (1979, 1985, 1986, as cited in Hogg & Vaughan, 2008) attribution theory was built upon the attributional dimensions of task achievement, primarily focusing on the causes and consequences of the types of attribution made depending on whether the task in question was seen as a success or a failure. Weiner (1979) believed that when a task is completed, emotions are elicited ...

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Hans Eysenck's Trait Theory of Personality: Analysis

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction Essentially physiology and genetics where mainly relevant in, Eysenck's theory Even though he was a behaviourist he considered that learned habits where of great importance, he also believed personality differences grew out of our genetic inheritance. Working within these areas of personality Eysenck discovered that there were two disciplines within psychology regarding personality. The first consisted of theorist who studied personality, interested in just developing theories ...

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Impact of Parental Behaviour on Children's Food Intake

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Critically evaluate the impact that parental behaviour can have upon children's food intake With the current obesity epidemic being widely publicised of late, the childhood obesity scourge has been at the forefront as it has become increasingly omnipresent, with the pervasiveness rates doubling during the past two decades (Troiano & Flegal, 1998). Ways to combat the problem have been very prominent within news headlines, this is due ...

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Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Nervous System

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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In human anatomy, the nervous system is a whole network of specialised cells which coordinate actions by sending signals from one part of the body to another. The signals can either be in form of electrochemical waves or chemical releases. This system is divided into two parts: the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). Central Nervous System The CNS is comprised of the ...

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Neural Mechanisms in Aggression and Aggressive Behaviour

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Agressive behaviour is that kind of behaviour when a person is very angry and has the intention to destroy, hurt something or someone. Sometimes the person's intention would actually come into practice and so they would do it. There are studies which tell that behaviour is somewhat related to biochemical activities while others have insisted that environmental and social factors are the main source of this behaviour. ...

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Strategies of Counselling Interventions

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Counselling Interventions Counselling interventions have been defined in professional literature as a unique interrelationship between a client and a counsellor, which aims to create a change and a growth in three main areas: Personal development, social adjustment, and professional development. During the counselling process, the counsellor has the responsibility to contribute to the process of change, concerning to his or her client's personal development (Bordin, 1968). The ...

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Concepts and Theories of Phobias

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction A phobia can be defined as an intense uncontrolled and irrational fear of specific items, activities, animals or individuals. People suffering from phobias usually suffer from anxiety attacks when they find themselves in or close to the situations, objects or the individuals they have fear of. Phobias are more often acquired through traumatic experiences though some of them are inherent to the victims. If left untreated, ...

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Effect of Auditory and Visual Stimulus on Short-term Memory

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Abstract: The experiment was conducted to investigate the effectiveness between auditory and visual stimuli on short-term memory for learning purposes. 50 subjects were assigned to receive auditory stimulus while another 50 were assigned to receive visual stimulus. After a 4-minute filler task, 1 minute was given to the subjects to recall the passage given. The subjects were tested on their abilities to answer the memory quiz given ...

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How Does Lack Of Motivation Affect The Workplace?

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Top decision makers and managers will benefit from awareness of motivational factors that influence workers' decisions to remain in their current workplace. Workers' career decisions are dependent upon many factors with intrinsic work motivation as one of the core components; therefore, examining intrinsic work motivation factors or dynamics serves as a pivotal point for the study of workers' decisions to remain in the job. ...

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Causes and Types of Synaesthesia

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Synaesthesia is a hereditary and neurological condition (Roberston & Sagiv, 2005, pp.12) whereby senses that are normally experienced separately, such as taste, smell, sound and so on, become 'fused' together and are experienced at the same time. For example, someone may experience a taste in their mouth whilst saying certain words (lexical-gustatory synaesthesia) (Ward & Simner, 2003), or experience seeing colour when looking at different letters and ...

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Role of Schedules of Reinforcement

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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To what extent are schedules of reinforcement more than just rules governing which responses will be reinforced? Illustrate your answer with basic and applied research examples. I am writing this essay in order to illustrate the role of schedules of reinforcement; basic and applied research examples provide evidence that schedules of reinforcement are more than just rules governing which responses will be reinforced. A schedule of reinforcement ...

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Promoting Positive Behaviour in the Classroom

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Improving Classroom Behaviour. This paper will address three questions based around the general topic of improving class room behaviour. The three questions to be discussed are how can teachers promote positive behaviour? How can teachers pre-empt misbehaviour? The final question is how can teachers deal with misbehaviour? As well as answering these questions, connections will be drawn to the behaviour management notes (appendix). At the conclusion of ...

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Types and Theories of Motivation

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction: The former CEO of General Electric Jack Welch, one of the finest entrepreneur worldwide quotes: "No company, large or small, can succeed over the long run without energized employees who believe in the mission and understand how to achieve it."(Motivate your employees like Jack Welch, 2009) Motivation: Every individual has their own purpose to motivate themselves which is not necessarily because of the money that is ...

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Impact of Stress on Employees Performance

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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World, the tense situation in any action or person who physically or psychologically, whatever the balance individual can not rest on the particular application space. Although physical demand answers to such strange clothes, and pressure are countless forms. Unconscious tension, but also the city or the sound of driving a daily chore. Perhaps a statement like that about stress can be businessmen and university professors that it ...

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Impact of Pay Satisfaction in the Workplace

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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2.2 Pay satisfaction Pay satisfaction is one of the most important factors in Human Resource Management and Organizational metrics. Pay satisfaction can be defined as the amount of overall positive or negative affect (or feelings) that individuals have toward their pay (ML Williams, 2006). For having a complete understand of Pay satisfaction, reviewing of its construct is necessary. Pay as an important reward for motivating employees has ...

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Supervision in Counselling

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Supervision is the practice where a counsellor can talk to a professional who is trained to identify any psychological or behavioural changes in the counsellor that could be due to an inability to cope with issues presented by clients. A supervisor is also responsible for challenging practices and procedures, developing improved or different techniques, and informing clients of alternative theories and/or new practices, as well as industry ...

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Muscle Dysmorphia: Causes and Impacts

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Muscle Dysmorphia “70 eggs, 14 tins of tuna, 10.5 pounds of beef, I 0 pounds of chicken, 9 gallons of non-fat milk, 4 loaves of bread, and as many sacks of brown rice, whole wheat pasta, baking potatoes, and fruits as I could load into my shopping carts” (Fussell, 1991) may seem like a extra ordinary list of food to buy, considering its just for one person! ...

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Paradigms in the Field of Cognitive Psychology

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Cognition Cognition refers to the mental processes that are involved in the acquisition of knowledge and how it is used. This includes aspects such as sensation, perception, judging, learning, attention, memory, thinking, and problem solving. It is thus involved with how people acquire knowledge, use it in their lives, and change their preferences accordingly with the passage of time. Cognition has been closely associated with the mind ...

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Fallacy on Slippery Slope

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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What is Slippery Slope (Ruscio, Chapter 3)? Define, explain and provide one or two real-life examples. Definition According to Ruscio (2006), Slippery slope is based on logical-thinking either in one agreement or the initial arguments which results into logical fallacy, leading to an inevitable conclusion which nevertheless was not adopted. Explanation Michael (2009) stated that The Slippery Slope is a fallacy in which ...

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Facets of Emotional Intelligence by Salovey and Mayer

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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The 10 original facets of Emotional Intelligence proposed by Salovey and Mayer. Introduction: Emotion is a relatively difficult concept to clearly delineate but it is generally accepted that it is an organised mental response that includes physiological, experiential and cognitive aspects (Mayer et al. 2001).  Emotions are largely, but not exclusively, related to interpersonal relationships and specific emotions are relatively resistant to cultural and individual differences, although ...

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Influence of Peer Pressure on Teenage Sexual Behaviour

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Research Proposal Introduction: The budding of a child from the innocence of childhood to the maturity of an adult can be a complicated phase for many. An important factor that plays a very significant role throughout a person's life is their sexual behavior. After the mass commercialization of every product imaginable and available to consumers through print advertisements or TV advertisements, the idea of sex is being ...

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Negative Priming Experiment

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Negative Priming: The effect of inhibitory mechanisms on the probe of a pair of trials in a Stroop style ink identification task. Abstract The investigation was based on the work of Dalrymple-Alford and Budayr (1966), who investigated the phenomenon of negative priming in relation to the Stroop task. In the original experiment by Dalrymple-Alford and Budayr (1966), it was discovered that if in a trial, the ink ...

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Empiricism and Positivism: Is Psychology a Science?

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction In trying to answer the important and complex question of whether psychology is a science, we will first take a brief look at two major philosophical influences that help to create psychology- Empiricism and Positivism. Then study the view of determinism, indeterminism and nondeterminism of different psychologists to discuss the mind and subject matter of psychology. And finally, try to compare determinism and free will and ...

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Relationship Between Cognitive Processes of Learning

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Introduction It is commonly accepted that within the instructional literature, affective variables have an indirect enhancing impact on learning through acting on the cognitive processes to control what people learn (Tobias, 1994). One of these affective variables which received significant attention is interest. This paper first reviews the development of interest through literature, and then explores the relationship between two variables, namely the interest and the motivation, ...

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Essential Elements of a Scientific Research Study

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Using examples describe and evaluate essential elements of a scientific research study. Essential elements of a scientific research study include: research ethics, validity and reliability, statistics such as the average and range, experimental design, sampling, methods of data collection and hypothesis. There are obviously a lot of different elements of a study and those are just an example of them. There will be a few chosen to ...

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Evolution of Counselling Theories

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

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Discussing the evolution of psychoanalysis and how it has formed the basis of behaviour and approaches to traditional psychodynamic, psychotherapeutic and contemporary counselling. Discussing counselling and psychotherapy now and in the future. McLeod (1998) suggested in order to understand the development of contemporary counselling, and to distinguish the significance of the current patterns of the way counselling is practice within the Western culture now, it is important ...

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Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

3 (1,110 )

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a therapeutic methodology developed by Marsha M. Linehan, a psychology researcher at the University of Washington, to treat persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD).[1][2] DBT combines standard cognitive-behavioral techniques for emotion regulation and reality-testing with concepts of mindful awareness, distress tolerance, and acceptance largely derived from Buddhist meditative practice. DBT is the first therapy that has been experimentally demonstrated to be effective ...

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Interventions and Prevention of Child sexual abuse

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

5 (1,725 )

Introduction The UN Children's Fund mentioned in their released report that up to five percent of boys and up to 10 percent of girls in rich nations suffered from severe sexual abuse during their childhood on October 6, 2009. Up to three times that proportion experience some form of sexual abuse in industrialized countries and in general it is estimated that throughout the course of their childhood, ...

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Role of Emotion Regulation in Children’s Development

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

8 (3,122 )

Emotions Social Development Although the concept of ‘emotion regulation’ is an important one for Differential Emotions and Social Constructivist theories, these two theories approach emotional development in different ways. Compare and contrast these two approaches and discuss the evidence about the role of emotion regulation in children’s development. Introduction Emotions have a vital role in everyday life. Like other psychological phenomena, emotions are easily recognised but difficult ...

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Reflection on Supervisor Relationship in Placement

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

4 (1,243 )

My placement was with Cruse Bereavement Services and, having completed their training and successfully passed their acceptance interview, I was told to let them know when I was ready to take my first client. This was to be my first 'real client' and I was nervous and apprehensive, but also fairly confident that my training from both Cruse and from the college had provided me with the ...

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Human Development and Learning Theories

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

9 (3,216 )

Every age group has their own physiological developments according to psychologist such as Bandura, Piaget, Kohlberg, and Maslow. Bandura believes that behavior is based on the monkey see, monkey do theory. Piaget's believes that everyone goes through a developmental process. Kohlberg believes in moral development and they are broken down into stages like Piaget. Maslow believes in his hierarchy of needs, every individual must me one step ...

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Research Methods in Psychology

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

4 (1,469 )

Psychologists have used in the past and continue to use today a wide range of research methods in psychological investigations which provide techniques and help them to gather and make sense of their data. From their investigations, data is collected in two forms which are quantitative (data expressed in the form of numbers e.g. time in seconds) and qualitative (data is expressed in a descriptive manner e.g. ...

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Theories of Authority and Conformity

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

6 (2,187 )

People are social beings, who like to play by the rules, therefore Social Influence, Social Power, Obedience to Authority and Conformity is one of the most effective ways of changing a person's behaviour. However, studying this topic empirically leads to ethical problems. Discuss. Over the years, many studies have been carried out by social psychologists whose primary aim is to understand behaviour in a social context and to ...

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Developmental Psychology: Social Development

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

4 (1,360 )

The influence of inborn biological factors and the contrasting aspect of environmental issues has been applied to many areas of psychology and development. The debate concerning nature and nurture has indeed become a central and enduring feature within developmental psychology. It addresses whether it is one's innate biological nature that influences behavioural traits or if it is life experiences and nurture from the their social environment. Classic ...

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Developing Voluntary Attention

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

4 (1,357 )

When you give attention to something, it means that you are responding to a particular stimulus and recording it in your subconscious. If this information is considered important or relevant, then it is transferred to the long term storage part of the brain to be stored as memory and to be retrieved later when desired. However, for all this to happen, first of all the stimulus must ...

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Theory of Planned Behavior for Promiscuity

23 Mar 2015 10 Jan 2018

4 (1,214 )

How much you know about promiscuity? Promiscuity refers to unselecting casual sex with multiple sexual partners without engaging in an monogamous relationship with those partners (Markey & Markey, 2007). Promiscuity carries a religion and moral judgement. There are some cultures accept it as norm and immoral. Sexual promiscuity has classified into “Risky Sexual Behavior” (Hoyle, Fejfar & Miller, 2000; Schmitt & Shackelford, 2008) because promiscuity is a ...

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Differences Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,970 )

Qualitative and quantitative research are the two main schools of research, and although they are often used in tandem, the benefits and disadvantages of each are hotly debated. Particularly in the social sciences, the merits of both qualitative and quantitative research are fought over, with intense views held on both sides of the argument. It is generally agreed upon, however, that there are some phases of research ...

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Family Life Cycle and Solution Focused Therapy (SFT)

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

7 (2,505 )

Even though families can be developed in different ways, every household will pass through the family life cycle. This cycle is made up of emotional and intellectual stages you pass through from childhood to your retirement years as a member of a family. The stages of the family life cycle are independence, coupling or marriage, parenting: babies through adolescents, launching adult children, and retirement or senior years ...

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Student Transition Readiness Research

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,825 )

Abstract The number of mature students, from Colleges, full time, and part time employment now choosing to go into higher education is on the increase. A majority of students manage this transition well but a small minority don't. Having a negative experience early on could lead them to dropping out with in their first year. Simply put the number of students who do not finish their degree ...

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Eclectic Therapeutic Intervention of a Case Study

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

8 (2,915 )

The following analysis is concerned with a case study (appendix i) of a 32 year-old Irish male named Sean Murphy. He has been referred for clinical assessment by his solicitor, in order to receive treatment and in aid of an upcoming court case for arson and burglary. The aim of this case study is to identify the key problems with Sean's behaviour and how these problems affect ...

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Guidebook on Seizures: Causes and What To Do

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

8 (3,167 )

Self instructional module is one of the educational material that helps individualized learning. It is important to go through the module in schematic way. Take your own to read this material slowly and carefully in the place/room provide for you in the hospital premises. In case if you have any doubt regarding the content make a note and clarify with the investigator. Try to answer the question ...

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Difference Between Social Anxiety Disorder and Shyness

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,918 )

Millions of people struggle daily with social anxiety disorder and shyness. The lasting effects of both can affect an individual psychologically, socially and emotionally. Human beings have struggled with social anxiety and shyness for centuries, in this paper I will be explore the truth about Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) verses shyness and we will examine a few reasons why some people suffer in silence and others publicly. ...

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A Report of a Child Observations

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,656 )

For confidentiality reason, I will refer to the child as A. Child A is a three years and two months old male, from a working class, mixed heritage background: mum is Indian and dad is English. He is a middle child with an older brother aged four and a nine months old sister. Parents are married and they all live together. A naturalistic, non-participant, target child observation ...

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Recycling Behavior Among University Students

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

18 (7,136 )

The purpose of our study is to find the factors affecting multimedia students to recycle. We have four independent variables which are health consciousness, health consciousness, rewards convenience, and one dependent variable which is students recycling behavior. What appears unavailable is documentation on critical issues involved and how to address them. This paper, therefore, examines the attitudes portrayed by students towards recycling. We used survey questionnaire to ...

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Television Advertisements and Their Effects on Body Image

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

16 (6,043 )

Media has an impact on children through the explicit messages sent by advertisements regarding body image. The media depicts body image by displaying thin models and emphasizes messages that are directed toward beauty and success. Children watching television compare their own bodies to the images they see within advertisements. After viewing the advertisements, children can develop a negative self-perception of their appearance and weight, which could lead ...

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Relationship Between Filial Piety and Mother-child Conflict

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

5 (1,937 )

The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between filial piety and parent-child conflict. Respondents were 285 secondary school Malaysian Chinese students aged between 12 to 16 years, who were selected by using cluster sampling based on class. A self-administered questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. Dual Filial Piety Scale was employed to measure the reciprocal and authoritarian filial piety to ...

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Personality Traits in Adulthood

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

4 (1,576 )

Personality traits are the unique motivations, thoughts and behaviors that are possessed by an individual. In the past, changes in personality were only thought to happen in the developmental stages in childhood up to adolescence. After the teenage years, it is thought to be 'set like plaster', or the change seen is thought to be inconsequential or absent (Srivastava, John, Gosling & Potter, 2003). However, recent studies ...

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Effects of Teacher Training on New Instructional Behaviour

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

12 (4,643 )

Abstract This paper is an academic critique of an article written by de Jager, Reezigt, and Creemers (2002) titled: The effects of teacher training on new instructional behaviour in reading comprehension. The authors undertook a research study to examine the results of teacher inservicing on practical teacher behaviours. My examination systematically focuses on specific aspects of the article in terms of process and validity of research methods ...

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Effects of the Placebo Effect on the Brain

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

4 (1,344 )

This research paper attempts to explore the mechanism of Placebo effect and how it affects the brain. Starting with a detailed introduction to the Placebo Effect, touching the background of Placebo technique lightly, the paper will review some available, relevant theories and research literature on the topic and will conclude with a summary of the research review findings, in relation with the theoretical explanations available for the ...

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Sources of Stress at the Workplace

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

15 (5,875 )

DEFINITION OF STRESS: Definition - Work-Related stress is the response produced by individual when faced with work demands and pressure that individual cannot match with their knowledge and abilities and it challenges their ability to cope. SOURCES OF STRESS AT WORK PLACE: Stress related illness is not confined to either high or low status workers (Cooper et al, 2001). Regardless of how one job may compare to ...

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Health Belief Model and Protection Motivation Theory

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

11 (4,298 )

Outline of Health Belief Model and Protection Motivation Theory and their Application to Screening Behaviour. Introduction The aim of this essay is to describe health belief model (HBM) and protection motivation theory (PMT), their application to screening behaviour, prediction they offer and some of the research done in the area. Furthermore, personal understanding, criticism, models' comparison and possible additions will be discussed. In the end, decision will ...

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Communication Process of Neurons in the Brain

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

4 (1,407 )

Neurons are the specialized cells that control the electrical impulses of the brain. The responsibility of the neurons is to convey all of the information that is transmitted between the neurons and the other cells. The neurons are considered to be the excitable parts within the nervous system. The brain communicates with the different systems within the body as well as with the neurons which are responsible ...

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Psychological Perspectives of Sleep and Sleep Deprivation

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

7 (2,537 )

Sleep deprivation has the potential to result in a range of problematic behaviour, from which serious adverse effects can result. In order to design a treatment it is critical to initially establish an understanding of what motivates normal and abnormal behaviour. This essay will evaluate the 5 different psychology perspectives to establish which has the best study methods, and their perception on the motivation for sleep and ...

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Sense of Community Among University Students | Research

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

7 (2,758 )

The study is primarily aimed at identifying level of sense of community among students who enrolled in the psychology and social work programmes at Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu. It was also carried out to investigate whether there were relationships between a sense of community and altruistic behaviour, academic achievement, age, and student's involvement in club or organizational activities. One hundred and fifty one students participated in ...

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Approaches to Qualitative Research

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

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Examples of qualitative methods are action research, case study research and ethnography. Qualitative data sources include observation and participant observation (fieldwork), interviews and questionnaires, documents and texts, and the researcher's impressions and reactions Quantitative research Is mean of testing objective theories by examining the relationship among variables. These variables in turn can be measured typically on instruments, so that numbered data can be analyzed using statically procedures. ...

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Analysis of the Big Five Personality Factors and Education

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

4 (1,324 )

The study of personality has a long history in psychology, with many different approaches focusing on different aspects of personality with plenty of theories, for example, humanistic approach, psychodynamic approach, and the social learning approach just to name a few. It also has many different theories, the more prominent ones being Cattell's sixteen personality factors, and the Big-Five. There is no consensus on the measurement of personality, ...

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Research into Phonological Mean Length of Utterance (pMLU)

23 Mar 2015 09 Jan 2018

8 (2,959 )

Specific language impairment (SLI) is a disorder defined by exclusion. Children with SLI exhibit language difficulties in the absence of other factors, such as hearing loss, mental impairment, physical impairment, emotional disturbance, or environmental deprivation (Bishop, 1992a, 1992b; Lubert, 1981). Children with SLI have difficulty acquiring one or more of the components of language, i.e. form (phonology, morphology, and syntax), content (semantics), and use (pragmatics). The field ...

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