The Subspecialties In Optometry Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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For those wishing to enter the optometry field, one should be aware of the subspecialties of the profession. The subspecialties serve multiple purposes for the doctor of optometry (OD) such as giving his or her position a unique niche, extending the education beyond schooling, and allowing him or her to server a wider cliental. These are a valuable asset not only for those wishing to be hired ...

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Work Behavior For Older And Younger Generation Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,423 )

Behaviour of an employee in an organizational setup is expected to be well defined and there is a diminutive scope for an employee to deviate from it. However there are occasions when our work behaviour is governed by our work attitude and other key reasons. Present paper attempts to explore the complex relationship between attitude and behaviour in an organizational setup across generations. Constructivist approach has been ...

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ethical communication Executive summary

23 Mar 2015

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From a short literature review, we gained the insight that the focus of previous research on ethical communication has mainly been on reacting to moral issue through moral silence or whistle-blowing. Hence, alternatives in between have been neglected. In this paper we aim to investigate the extent to which there are alternative ways for responding to ethical issues, other than moral silence and whistle-blowing. We argue that ...

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Autism is a developmental disorder of the brain

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,508 )

What is Autism? Autism is a developmental disorder of the brain. People with autism have problems communicating or interacting socially with society. They also may have unusual patterns of behavior, interests and activities. There are five kinds of autism, which is why doctors use the term "autism spectrum disorder" (ASD). The three main types of autism include: Classic autism, Asperger's syndrome, Nonspecific pervasive developmental disorder (PDD-NOS) -- ...

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How Background Shapes Personality Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the personality of Sir Richard Branson while applying the roles of social perception and attribution theory. The various approaches to the study of human behaviour in organisational contexts have been examined along with the case study of Sir Richard Branson who is an iconic personality in the business world today. He owns 'Virgin' which is the top leading group ...

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Adolescent Depression And Substance Abuse Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The issues of depression and substance abuse have caused schools throughout the globe considerable amount of stress and trouble due to the deleterious effect of the latter upon the youth of today. In this particular study, the possible linkage in regard to depression and substance abuse will be explored. Purpose of the study: The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between substance abuse by ...

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Predominant Explanation For Criminal Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The issue of criminal behavior has prompted my interest into the predominant explanations of its development and whether criminal behavior is inherited or simply learned from ones environmental surroundings. Thus the nature versus nurture debate will be examined, focusing on the biological and social factors contributing to criminal behavior. Therefore my investigated question is 'Is there a predominant explanation for criminal behavior'. In presenting and analyzing evidence ...

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Self Efficacy And Adhd Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a relatively new disorder whose diagnosis has greatly increased in the last 10-15 years. It is associated with children who have problems with attention, as well as hyperactivity-impulsivity. It affects schoolwork, social relationships, as well as general daily tasks and home relationships. One area of interest is the relationship that self-efficacy has with ADHD. Self-efficacy is the belief that one has the ...

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Abnormal Psychology And Sociology Of The Family Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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This essay contains two parts which is Abnormal Psychology and sociology of the family. In the first part, the writer will discuss ''the principle difficulties which arise from the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders'', with respect to abnormal psychology. The writer will pay a particular attention to defining abnormality and anxiety disorders, and relevant treatment used to the treat anxiety disorders. Also strengths and limitations each ...

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The Benefits Of Self Improvement Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,570 )

Doing anything correctly requires the right tools. Just as changing a tire is quicker and easier with a jack, improving yourself is much less difficult with a tool specifically developed to assist you. The LSI can be that tool. Together, the LSI and your administrator/consultant can help you accomplish your self-improvement goals. The LSI provides you with a valuable opportunity to look at your thinking and behavior ...

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Pay Satisfaction And Types Of Pay Satisfaction Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,059 )

Pay satisfaction, Types of Pay satisfaction (one-dimensional and Multidimensional) Consequences of Pay satisfaction (Job-focused and Organizational-focused) Organizational Justice, Types of Organizational Justice, Distributive Justice and Procedural Justice Related Theories (Equity Theory, Discrepancy Theory) 2.2 Pay satisfaction Pay satisfaction is one of the most important factors in Human Resource Management and Organizational metrics. Pay satisfaction can be defined as the amount of overall positive or negative affect (or ...

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Characterizing Positivism Interpretivism And Realism Approaches Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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However, despite these ongoing arguments between the methodological traditions of qualitative and quantitative research (Gage, 1989); combined methods represent a fast developing field of social science methodology. As all methods have specific margins and particular strengths, many discussants propose that qualitative and quantitative methods should be combined in order to compensate for their mutual weaknesses (Tashakkori & Teddlie, 2003). Moreover, it is claimed that this movement scripts ...

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Describing research methology and philosophy

23 Mar 2015

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Saunders et al (2007) described research methodology as a carefully organised and scientific procedure used during a research project which generates results which are in turn assessed. Also the methodology used in any research is developed by the researcher. Saunders et al (2007) revealed five sections in which research projects are usually shaped. Figure 3.1: The Research "Onion" Saunders et al (2009) described research philosophy as an ...

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Literature review on articles studying ADHD

23 Mar 2015

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This work is done to summarize two articles extracted from scientific experiments. I chose is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Anxiety, two of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. The first article discussed ADHD currently used to describe children with a relatively stable behavioral profile characterized by developmental inappropriate difficulties regulating impulse control and attention, causing impaired functioning at both home and school. It defined ...

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Study on methadone maintenance for opiate addiction

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,387 )

Methadone Maintenance a program was first used widely as an opioid replacement therapy to treat heroin dependence, and it remains the best-researched treatment for this problem. Methadone was developed in 1947 as a painkiller, and by 1950 oral methadone was used for the agonizing symptoms of withdrawing from opioids. Today MMT treatment centers offer clinics as an option to assist patients in methadone maintenance program. This allows ...

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Psychoanalysis Between Positivism And Hermeneutics Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Through time, psychoanalysis has been an object of debate for scientists, philosophers and theorists. Until today, the debate about if the discipline of psychoanalysis uses or not the scientific methodology to follow an investigation is still a controversial topic, since it is the clinical setting and the case studies are the ones used to prove the psychoanalytic theories. In 1923, Sigmund Freud, published in Two Encyclopedia Articles, ...

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The Development Of Psychology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Psychology officially started 1879 by Wilhelm Wundt who founded the first laboratory which specialised in psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany. Here Wundt used controlled experiments to investigate 'the mind' using a method called 'introspection' which is an examination of one's own mental state to gain insight into how our mind works. This approach became known as Structuralism and Wundt is highly regarded as the ...

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Clinical Case Study of Seung-Hui Cho

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,254 )

Clinical psychology includes the study and application of psychology for the purpose of understanding, preventing and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well being and personal development. This is a modern approach to developed to handle cases involving chronic and extreme human behavior abnormality that are caused as a result of mental depression and other notable factors related to the process of human development ...

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Parents with OCD and the affects on children

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,774 )

The offspring of parents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder possess an increased risk of suffering from social, emotional and anxiety-related disorders as compared to offspring with normal parents. All anxiety disorders are based on an overactivation of the fear system in our brains - this fear involves unwanted thoughts, impulses, or images and the attempts to suppress or neutralize them with compulsive behaviors or mental acts. Anxiety in ...

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The Effect Of Intimate Partner Violence Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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IPV is prevalent in the United Kingdom and research suggests it has a profound impact on children that witness it. IPV can affect children of all ages and both genders, and has developmental, social, emotional and behavioural consequences that can persist into adulthood. Introduction Intimate partner violence, known also as "Domestic Violence" is an umbrella term encompassing a range of abusive behaviours exhibited by an individual and ...

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Link between therapeutic relationship and outcome in CBT

23 Mar 2015

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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the form of treatment that has the gathered the most empirical support for its efficacy to date. Its efficacy in treating a variety of adult mental disorders has been well documented (see Butler, Chapman, Forman, & Beck, 2006). In fact, 94% of "well-established" empirically supported treatments (see Hunsley, Dobson, Johnston, & Mikail, 1999) are cognitive behavioural therapies. CBT is based on the ...

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Psychological research studies

23 Mar 2015

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It was first believed, according to the empiricists' view (e.g. Locke, 1939) that a newborn infant's ability to perceive, developed solely through a process of learning via experience. These pinnacle underestimates could have existed due to the extremely difficult nature of assessing what one could consider inaccessible to direct measurements. Contemporary knowledge in this domain has proliferated markedly due to the development of inventive techniques used to ...

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Study on the motor theory of speech perception

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,425 )

The motor theory of speech perception by Liberman et al (1967) deals with the recognition of phonemes which are either from an acoustic and/or visual speech signal, which are considered as the phonetic gestures of a speaker. This theory suggests that a listener refers incoming signals back to the articulatory instructions, which articulators would receive from a listener. This in result produces a set of same sequences. ...

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Emotional Response To Music And Happiness Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,744 )

The objective of this research is to examine the correlation between emotional response to music and happiness among the undergraduates of UTAR: Perak Campus. Besides that, the gender differences in emotional response to music and gender differences in happiness will be examined as well. The findings show that there are more than half of the participants scored more than 4 out of the maximum score of 7. ...

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The Developments Of Social Facilitation Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Social facilitation is when "one animal increases or decreases its behaviour in the presence of another animal which does not otherwise interact with it" (Guerin, 1993, p.1). In a sporting context it is the idea that the presence of someone else can either cause an individual's performance to be facilitated (Travis, 1925) or inhibited (Pressin, 1993). 2.2 What Does Social Facilitation Research Look to Achieve? Social facilitation ...

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Three ways that stress is conceptualised by psychologists

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,534 )

Researchers define stress as a physical, mental, or emotional response to events that cause bodily or mental tension. Therefore, stress is a disruptive condition that occurs in response to internal or external environments and affects the body or mind. Depending on the stressors and the types of events being dealt with, stress can manifest itself physically, emotionally or mentally. Physical stress occurs when the body starts to ...

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The difficulties and needs of adult attachment

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,431 )

It is in human nature for people to want attachments. As humans, we are readily classified as a very social species. Humans need attachments to grow and explore the world around them with a sense of security. As research continues on, psychologists are becoming convinced that attachments begin during infancy and how the attachment is observed during infancy it could be used to describe the success or ...

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The Stucturalism And Functionalism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Stucturalism and Functionalism were two important schools of psychology in the 1800s Benjafield, 2010. Structuralism is focused on breaking down mental processes into the most elementary components (Ney, 2012). Structuralists used techniques such as introspection to analyze the inner processes of the human mind. Like the names of the schools imply, structuralism was about reducing mental processes into the most basic building blocks of the mind through ...

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Choosing between mischel and rotters explaining personality

23 Mar 2015

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Both Julian Rotter and Walter Mischel proposed the social cognitive approach to personality. Known as social cognitive theorists, Mischel and Rotter suggested that conscious thoughts and emotions determine the difference between people and guide the way they behave (Mischel, 2004). The social cognitive approach is not based on the description of an individual's personality rather than on the principles of human learning. Thus, they believe that our ...

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Emotion And Disgust As A Moral Emotion Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,341 )

This research study aims to explain the relationship between feelings of disgust, cleanliness, and moral judgments, and also their potential impact on willingness to pay for fair trade products. In our experiment, participants watched a video including disgust issues and according to their cleanliness priming they cleaned their hand with a sanitizer, with hand wipe, or no cleaning. In the control condition, they only answered questions without ...

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The Fallibility Of Eyewitness Testimony Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Judicial systems, criminology and forensic psychology are linked altogether around specific subjects, especially the search of truth in all kinds of cases. A vast field of research is taking place among these areas, one of the common concerns that we are going to study in this essay is the process of eyewitness testimony and its fallibility. This theme raises numerous questions but before to look at them ...

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Implications Career Counseling Based On Hollands Theory

23 Mar 2015

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It is John Holland's view that career choice and career adjustment repre­sent an extension of a person's personality. People express themselves, their interests and values, through their work choices and experience. In his theory, Holland assumes that people's impressions and generalizations about work, which he refers to as stereotypes, are generally accurate. By studying and refining these stereotypes, Holland assigns both people and work environments to specific ...

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Mental decline inevitable with age

23 Mar 2015

13 (5,122 )

Mental (or cognitive) abilities improve throughout childhood and adolescence as the brain continues to develop (see Smith, Cowie & Blades, 2003). However, the brain is fully developed by around the third decade of human life (Toga, Thompson & Sowell, 2006). Ageing, and particularly old age, is associated with the stereotype of decreased mental performance and this decline is often viewed as inevitable (Park, 2000). The current essay ...

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Experiment on attachment theory and delinquency

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,745 )

The reason behind this experiment was to show that if a child is deprived of affection and attachment to its mother or caregiver during early stages of childhood when they grow up they are likely to become delinquent and lack affection. Attachment is a very strong emotional tie that develops over time between an infant and their main caregiver. Infants when they are first born they are ...

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One Approach Cant Explain All Human Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Psychology is the scientific study of how humans and animals behave. There are different approaches to psychology that gives a varied insight to human behaviour based on different features which makes it insufficient for one to explain all aspect of human behaviour. The Behaviourist believes that a change in behaviour is due to individual's respond to event in their environment. In contrast psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud ...

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Schizophrenia And Family Interventions

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,438 )

Schizophrenia has historically been defined as a complex cluster of symptoms (Keen, 1999) which is multi faceted (Frangou and Murray, 2000) and is reported to be a major psychiatric disorder that alters an individual's perception, thoughts, affect and behaviour (NICE, 2010). Symptoms of schizophrenia will vary from individual to individual with each individual having their own unique combination of symptoms and experiences, the precise pattern of which ...

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A stressful life is an inevitable consequence

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,005 )

In our career-driven society, work can be a pervasive source of stress. According to a report cited in an edition of the Financial Times, stress at work is one of the biggest problems in European companies. It is evident that the prevalence of stress at work majorly influences job satisfaction, work performance and productivity (Mullins, 2002). The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) define stress as "the adverse ...

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Growing into Successful Adults with ADHD

23 Mar 2015

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), one of the most commonly diagnosed neurobiological and behavioral disorders in children, continues through adolescence and adulthood. ADHD affects 3 to 5% of school-aged children in the United States. This means that in a classroom of 20 to 30 children, at least one will have the disorder. ADHD can be a lifelong disorder displaying four primary symptoms: inattention, hyperactivity, stubbornness, and impulsiveness. Usually, the ...

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The Development Of Addiction Problems Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Universally speaking, addiction is defined as the continued use of a mood altering substance or behaviour despite adverse dependency consequences. It is an "impaired control over a reward seeking behaviour from which harm ensues", (West, 2007). Such forms of addiction can include drug abuse and alcohol abuse, which fall under the category of substance addictions. Likewise, there are addictions such as gambling and sexual activity that fall ...

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Relationship Between Job Satisfaction And Organisational Commitment Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Organisational commitment has been a focus of many research works in recent years, because of its importance to employing organisations. With todays high rate of employee turnover and floating working population it has become increasingly important for organisations to know how to retain employees and gain their loyalty (Martin & OLaughlin, 1984). It is against this background that I have taken upon myself as a requirement of ...

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The concepts of abnormality and mental health

23 Mar 2015

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What is abnormality? Who decides what abnormal behaviour? Is the society we live in deciding what normal is? People are very interesting to observe; especially when they are faced with situations they do not understand or are out of their comfort zone. People are very quick to pass judgement on others who clearly behave differently and which is deemed unacceptable in our society. Why is it unacceptable? ...

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Assess The Reliability And Accuracy Of Eyewitness Testimony Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The accuracy, reliability of memory and credibility of the eyewitness testimonies (EWTs) of children is the focus of many heated debates. There are many issues concerning child EWT: children may be more affected by the interviewer and the techniques used to acquire the testimony and developmental differences between children from different age groups may affect their ability to resist suggestibility (Goodman, 2006) and thus, their statements may ...

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Case study on formulation of cognitive behavioural perspective

23 Mar 2015

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A formulation is a tentative explanation or hypothesis as to why an individual presents and maintains a particular disorder or circumstance at a particular point in the time (Weerasekera, 1993) The present essay will look at the formulation of cognitive behavioural perspective in light of Cara's case study. Becks cognitive model of psychopathology stresses the importance of thinking in the elicitation and maintenance of depression, anxiety and ...

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Music Effects On Blood Pressure And Heart Rate Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,987 )

Music therapy has been suggested to help improve health, decrease heart rate and blood pressure for surgeries, and create a calm atmosphere for therapy sessions. Music has shown to have a beneficial effect on all aspects of life: emotional, mental, and health in general (Jeon and Bradt 2009). There are many studies regarding what music works best. Some have concluded that music, such as classical, has the ...

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The Effects Of Mindfulness On Dancers When Improvising

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,544 )

a) Introduction Introduction: Discuss more living in the now and relate it to dance and improvisation (lived body experience, phenomenology, somatic practices) -          mention key texts you use -          include a summary of what you will write in following chapters My dissertation looks at the effect better understandings and deeper experiences of mindfulness have on dancers whilst improvising. Sol Petersen defines mindfulness as "the clear and single-minded ...

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Definition Of Pain And Pain Terminology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Pain is: "An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage" 1-3, as proposed by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Pain is subjective. Each individual learns the application of the word through experiences related to injury in early life. Noxious stimuli are liable to damage tissue. Pain is an experience we associate ...

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Factors That May Influence Education And Educational Attainment Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The above study examines the different factors that may influence education and there relationship to education attainment. To do the above hypothesis testing and regression analysis was used from data collected via online system. Factors studied include relationship between education and age, relationship between education and gender, relationship between marital status and education and influence of parental education on their children education. Gender and education attainment are ...

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Psychological Factors That Accompany A Successful Athletic Performance Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Within applied sport psychology it has become of extreme importance to understand the psychological factors that accompany a successful athletic performance. In order to understand what psychological processes might be contributing to quality of performance, it is important to look at the specific psychological constructs with theoretical relevance to optimal performance (Jackson, Thomas, Marsh, Smethurst; 2001). Majority of studies done in sport have been conducted from a ...

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Bowen Approach On Family Therapy Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The Bowenian theory was developed by Murray Bowen. The Bowenian theory is based on two goals to helping clients resolve their clinical problems. The goal of this theory is to help clients reduce the anxiety and help clients find a relief. Another goal of this theory is to increase each member of the family's differentiation. Bowen recognize that there was no need for family member to confront ...

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How transpersonal psychology and parapsychology differ

23 Mar 2015

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Most authors believe that the teachings and disciplines of parapsychology is a little more than a century old. Parapsychology is thought to have been developed from the foundations of mesmerism and spiritualism and was previously known as psychical research. Parapsychology includes telepathy, clairvoyance, psychokinesis, extrasensory perception (ESP), near-death experiences, out-of-body experiences, reincarnation, hauntings and poltergeists. Parapsychological research originally started when people attempted to scientifically investigate the performances ...

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The Five Theories of Psychology and Child Motivation

23 Mar 2015

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Five well known theory of psychology are namely behavioral, cognitive, developmental, humanistic and personality theory. These five theories have gained support from psychology society. Psychologist study and research various field observed child development of an attempted tasks from home or school. These five theories have helped us to understand better of child motivation and better understanding of child's aid.. Theories shows the systematic study of behavior and ...

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The Classification Of Outliers Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The concern over the outliers is one of the challenge existed for at least several hundred years. Outliers are the observations those are apart from the bulk of data. Edgeworth (1887) wrote that discordant observations those appeared differently from other observations with which they are combined. Almost every data set has the outliers in different percentages. Grubbs (1969) said that an outlier is one that appears to ...

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An Exploration Of The Person Centred Approach

23 Mar 2015

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Ever since its initial outline by the American psychologist Carl Rogers in his 1951 publication "Client Centred Therapy: Its current Practice, Implications and Theory", the Person Centred Approach has attracted much attention, both positive and negative, from academics and practitioners worldwide. I would like to explore the effect this model has had on the world of therapy, society in general and reflect upon its impact on my ...

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Media Multitasking

23 Mar 2015

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Media Multitasking and Information Processing: Looking at Media Multitasking in Today's Youth Media Multitasking A recent publication by the Kaiser Family Foundation (Foehr, 2006) sought to determine prevalence, predictors and pairings of media multitasking in today's youth. Media multitasking as described throughout the article and this paper can be defined as using different media simultaneously. Foehr explains that it is imperative to examine media multitasking due ...

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Pathological Irrational Fear Of Different Situations Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Phobias are called pathological irrational fear of the different situations, activities, things or people. Phobia is a kind of mental disorder when a person feels uncontrollable painful fear. The main symptom of this disorder is the desire by all means to avoid the object or situation causing abnormally high expression of fear, which does not have clear logical explanation. When a person is not able to control his fears ...

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The inevitability of mental decline with aging

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,221 )

Mental (or cognitive) abilities improve throughout childhood and adolescence as the brain continues to develop (see Smith, Cowie & Blades, 2003). However, the brain is fully developed by around the third decade of human life (Toga, Thompson & Sowell, 2006). Ageing, and particularly old age, is associated with the stereotype of decreased mental performance and this decline is often viewed as inevitable (Park, 2000). The current essay ...

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Psychopathy Checklist-Revised

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,974 )

The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is an international clinical tool, used to assess psychopathic personality disorder and indicate an offender's risk for recidivism. Critically discuss the use of this instrument for diagnosis of psychopathy and assessment of risk. Psychopathy is a clinical construct defined by a pattern of interpersonal, affective, and behavioural characteristics; some of these include superficial charm; shallow affect; lack of guilt, remorse, or empathy; manipulation; ...

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Underlying The Perception Of Colour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Colour is an attribute of an item which comes from the light it reflects or emits; this light causes a visual perception based on its wavelength. There are three perceptual dimensions to colour; hue, saturation and brightness. These three dimensions work together, not independently to perceive the correct colour, for example the hue yellow is seen as brighter than red or blue. But the four colour hues ...

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A study on narrative therapy being emotionally focused

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,823 )

When one imagines a spouse coming home from work there is usually a question asked in the scenario, "how was your day?" Now in the household I grew up that question was usually responded to with a story or anecdote as oppose to a simple "fine" or "bad." My family has always been emotionally open, but generally withdrawn from using the emotion words like happy or sad ...

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A stereotype is defined by the Oxford Dictionary

23 Mar 2015

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Every individual holds stereotypes. A stereotype is defined by the Oxford Dictionary of Psychology (pg. 730) as: 'a relatively fixed and oversimplified generalisation about a group or class of people, usually focusing on negative or unfavourable characteristics'. When people put too much faith in stereotypical descriptions of people they can become prejudiced and can often discriminate against other groups. This can be very harmful and has led ...

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The abnormal psychology

23 Mar 2015

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Abnormality has become one of the most essential components in various movies such as "The Dark Knight." The researcher thinks "The Dark Knight" includes numerous of characters that would be diagnose with some type of psychological disorder. However, the researcher examines Batman to determine the type of psychological disorder uncovered in the movie "The Dark Knight." The reason why the researcher chose to examine Batman is because ...

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Sensation Seeking And N100 Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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This research seeks to examine the relationship between event-related potentials, specifically the N100 component, and the personality construct of sensation seeking. Nine students enrolled in a university level introductory psychology course received credit for participating in this study. With the use of an electroencephalogram, voltage information in the brain was recorded while the participant listened to auditory stimuli including a target, standard, and random tone. After separating ...

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Language Acquisition among Autistic Children

23 Mar 2015

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Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by impaired socialization, communication and language. Fraser (1981) describes autistic children and mentions that many of them are moderately or severely intellectually retarded. He defines autism, citing Rutter (1977), that it is "a disorder evident before 30 months of age, in which there is a profound and general failure to develop normal social relationships, together with delayed and deviant language ...

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An intelligence quotient

23 Mar 2015

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Introduction An Intelligence Quotient (IQ) test is a method that has been suggested to measure intelligence (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2007). This compromises the use of standardized tests that assess one's verbal, mathematical and spatial skills in determining their score of cognitive ability. This score is converted into an IQ score which is the mental age one has divided by the actual age multiplied by 100 (Maltby et al., 2007). ...

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Piagets and Vygotskys explanation

23 Mar 2015

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In this essay I will be outlining the main differences and similarities between Piaget's and Vygotsky's explanation of cognitive development in children. Cognition is the study of the thought process or mental activity by which us individuals acquire and deal with knowledge. The study of the human cognition is a vast field and there are wide varieties of topics. The two most influential theories of cognitive development ...

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Behaviour is the subject matter of psychology

23 Mar 2015

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In this essay, the concept of behaviour from the point of view of behaviour analysis will be discussed. Skinner (1953) maintained that psychology is a science. His perspective on the purpose and the subject matter of psychology and why behaviour should be studied will be examined. Skinner (1981) proposed that behaviour is shaped by the consequences that follow. The implications of this position will be considered. Behaviour ...

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Interpreting infant looking

23 Mar 2015

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Critically evaluate the evidence supporting the nativist claim that infants of around three to four months of age have core knowledge of objects, including object permanence. Over the past decade, a vast amount of research has examined young infants' knowledge of objects. Nativists claim that infants have innate core knowledge about the world. Research by authors such as Baillargeon and Spelke proposed that very young infants are ...

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Occupational Stress And Coping: Age And Gender Differences

23 Mar 2015

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The topics of stress and coping have received widespread attention in the professional literature and popular press. This widespread attention is due to the fact that excess stress has been known to have harmful effects on an individual's physical and mental state. Moreover, stress has been a common factor affecting all aspects of life including interpersonal relationships, work, school, and family (Greenglass, 2002). There has also been ...

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Case study: AMNESIA

23 Mar 2015

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This paper describes about amnesia as a disease that causes memory loss due to damage to the brain. Furthermore, this papers describes the different causes of amnesia classified in organic, which involves the effects of the brain cells due to an accident or an infection, and functional, related to events or stress; and the types of amnesia according to how it is originated, mentioning three of the ...

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Explore The Relevance Of Attachment Theory Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,560 )

As there have been many studies carried out in child development this essay will breakdown its content into the history of attachment theory and the basics of how it works. Mary Ainsworth was well known for her 'Strange Situations' study and this essay will give a brief description of the experiment and its outcome and will be critically explored. As social deprivation is still a common factor ...

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Assessing the effectiveness of rational emotive behavioural therapy

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,437 )

Rational emotive behavioural therapy (REBT) is the practice of reducing the emotions such as anger, depression, and anxiety to their respective counterparts of annoyance, sadness, and concern according to Lipsky, Kassinov, and Miller (1980). The aim of REBT practitioners is to reduce the intensity, and frequency, as well as the duration of overly negative emotions, to a more manageable level. Earlier studies that tested the effectiveness of ...

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Effects Of Video Games On Peoples Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,081 )

Video game can be described as a game in which there is an interaction with a user interface. This interaction leads to the generation of a visual feedback on a video device. Though traditionally, the word "video" in "video game" was taken to mean a raster display device. The electronic systems that are used to play video games are known as platforms and range from large computers ...

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Motivations of an arsonist

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,150 )

Arsonist Arsonist is a person who sets anything on fire intentionally. This intentional act is called the arson. Generally a home or another type of structure has been targeted by the Arsonist. Arson is committed for a number of reasons, and the crime is strictly punished throughout the world because arsonist sets property and lives at risk. "In certain parts of the globe, if somebody expires in ...

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Research design is a framework or blueprint

23 Mar 2015

11 (4,308 )

A research methodology defines what the activity of research is, how to proceed, how to measure progress, and what constitutes success. This chapter is going to describe how the research is carried out in term of research design, data collection methods, sampling design, operational definitions of constructs, measurement scales, and methods of data analysis. The data and information obtained were further analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science ...

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Emotional Intelligence Will Affect The Performance Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,111 )

The purpose of this study is to identifying how the emotional intelligence will affect the performance of staff at Jabatan Tenaga Kerja, Taiping. Due to the importance of the emotion, it was crucial for people to manage their emotions. In our study, we focused on controlling the emotions among staff at their workplace. Their daily routines include pressure, conflicts with peers, complaints from clients and work overload ...

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Cyber Bullying Is Growing Rapidly Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,099 )

Although bullying has been around for centuries, it has only been in the past twenty years that researchers have tried systematically to measure bullying (Kowalski, Limber, & Agatston, 2008). In 2001, the first study of bullying in the United States was conducted with more than 15,000 students in grades 6 through 10 (Kowalski, Limber, & Agatston, 2008; Nansel, et al., 2001). Tanya Nansel and her fellow researchers ...

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The Challenges Of Becoming An Entrepreneur Business Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,717 )

Becoming an entrepreneur is a career many young people dream of. Many times however, the term 'entrepreneur' is mistakenly linked with success; which periodically develops into the impression that it will not be that hard to grow into a successful businessperson. "Who owns Microsoft? Who gets the profits from Tesco? Why did I not think of Facebook?" Such questions always wonder the mind of individuals such as ...

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Environmental Psychology Is Relatively New Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,940 )

A survey was carried out to investigate whether level of education increased attitudes to proenvironmental behaviour. The survey was completed by 67 students, including 16 level three Access to Higher Education students, 29 level four psychological studies students and 22 level five psychological studies students. Level of education does not significantly increase attitudes to proenvironmental behaviour. Although it is not suggested what factors do increase attitudes to ...

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Squash is a sport that is fiercely contested

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,226 )

Sharp (1997) described squash as one of the most dynamic and physical games played. Squash is a sport that is fiercely contested between two players inside a four walled court. Where, the performance and actions of one player consequently influences the actions of the other. Pearson, (2001) found that it is imperative to maintain pressure on the opponent by not letting them gaining authority of the middle ...

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Single or multiple intelligences

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,349 )

Is intelligence best described as a single entity, or as more than one thing? If the latter, how many "intelligences" are there? It is important to note that this question of single or multiple intelligences is not a new one. Many psychologists and scientists have tried for centuries to define the term "intelligence" in a scientifically correct and acceptable manner. It is apparent that many, who have ...

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Trait And Psychodynamic Theories Of Personality Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,048 )

By submitting this work I acknowledge that I am its author, that all sources consulted in its preparation are referenced appropriately in accordance with the referencing guide, and that I have not copied from any source. Personality theories concentrate on how traits are developed and how behaviour is generated. Personality traits are durable dispositions of behaviour that occur across a variety of situations. They are like tendencies; ...

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Validity of Main Intelligence Tests

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,726 )

Nowadays, it is getting more and more people comparing self to others in order to define their standards among the other. Besides of comparing achievements and richness, intelligence is one of the most popular items to be compared. Based on the intelligence scores, people get to prejudge and define others; this may cause people with low intelligence scores withdraw from socializing and other psychological problems. "Intelligence is ...

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The Definition Of Stress Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,267 )

Stress is a term that is commonly used today but has become increasingly difficult to define. It shares, to some extent, common meanings in both the biological and psychological sciences. Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental or emotional adjustment or response. Stress can be defined in terms of all people responding in the same biological way to the same stimulus, or ...

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Pgdip Therapeutic Counselling Integrative Pathway Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,612 )

What these transtheoretical and technical eclecticist approaches have in common is that, despite being different ends of the continuum, each represents a partial rather than a complete integration. We see this as an advantage rather than a limitation, as complete integration seems neither possible or desirable Faris and van Ooijen (2012:10). Drawing from two of the broad approaches that influence the Newport RIM, critically evaluate what makes ...

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Child development gradual change or series of stages

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,095 )

Child development is an important aspect of our life. There is new research being carried out on child's growth. To be able to answer this question, the definition of child development will be first explained. Next, the theories on gradual change, also known as continuous process, will be discussed. Then, the series of stages' theories will be explained and finally theories on both continuous and discontinuous processes ...

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Positive and negative arguments for Scientist Practitioner model

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,612 )

The Scientist-Practitioner model has become the most prevalent and favoured training model for clinical psychologists (see Kanfer, 1990; Page, 1996). I will argue that despite there being (seemingly) far more negative arguments for this model that the scientist practitioner model is not 'out-dated' and still has a lot to offer. In order to do this, it is essential to examine the positive and negative aspects of the ...

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Evaluation of the psychotherapeutic approaches and theoretical perspectives

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,890 )

Over the past century there has been a dramatic increase in counselling psychology and it has been very well known and established, mostly within mental health. Theoretical approaches such as psychodynamic approaches, cognitive-behaviour approach, existential, humanistic approach, narrative and social constructionist therapy and systemic therapy. Through counselling psychology theoretical framework has brought understanding human being in the they thinking the meaning they put into and human behaviour ...

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Should Parents Use Physical Punishment Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,561 )

It is one of the biggest challenges for most parents to manage their children's behaviour. Physical punishment is a discipline method used to cause a child to experience pain to control or correct his or her unacceptable behaviour. In physical punishment, parents usually hit a child with hands or objects such as a cane, belt, whip, shoe and so on (Harper, Horno, Lansdown, Martin, Newell, & Nilsson, ...

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The scientific management

23 Mar 2015

13 (4,811 )

Introduction In the following essay I will analyse the extent to which Taylor's "scientific management" principles are present in current organisational management practices. Therefore, I will first introduce the main ideas of scientific management. Then, I will present points of critique that emerged in reaction to Taylor's work. Subsequently, I will concentrate on modern organizations and illustrate examples of applications of Tayloristic ideas. In particular, I will ...

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the main factors affecting personality

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,258 )

Ever found yourself fuming with anger and/or hatred about something or someone? When an individual is behaving in such a manner, one is displaying signs of aggression. "Aggression is a behavior intended to harm another individual who is motivated to avoid that harm" (Bushman & Anderson 2001). Many consider aggression to be violent, however it can be carried out in violent and non-violent forms. For example, pushing ...

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LIMITATIONS OF CASE STUDY APPROACH

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,035 )

This chapter presents the methodology for this study in order to achieve the research aims and objectives. This chapter present several stages. First the research approach and strategy are outlined. Secondly the methods of data collection and sources, for both primary and secondary data, are presented. Also the primary data collection method which is semi-structured interviews is presented in detailed and the data analysis method is also ...

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Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,183 )

Cognitive development theory can be explained as a continuous and systematic order through which mental process become more sophisticated and complex (Slavin, 2009). Cognitive development is an important part of children development. Piaget an erudite scholar of psychology in his research postulated four vital stages that are very gamine to the study of child developmental and intellectual skills. All the details of Piaget's theory, findings, research, vis ...

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Is Impulsive Sexual Disorder Deviance Or Addiction Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,005 )

In the last twenty- five years people of moral character have been deemed as having an addiction to various sexual activities. Example, Jimmy Swaggart: adulterous indiscretions with a prostitute Swaggart was subsequently forced to step down from his pulpit for a year (New York Times). Swaggart was caught again by California police three years later in 1991 with another prostitute (King, Wayne). Ted Haggard: regularly visited male ...

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Research Methodology About Questionnaire Design Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

11 (4,378 )

A structured questionnaire was designed for data gathering based on the several principals recommended by Cavana et al. (2001). 4.5.1. Principals of Wording of the Questionnaire The nature of the variable tapped, i.e. objective facts or subjective feelings, determines the type of questions will be asked. In this research, where objective variables such as demographic of respondents are used, a single direct question with an 'ordinal scaled' ...

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Memory Functions Of The Hippocampus Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,370 )

The hippocampus, named after its resemblance to a sea horse, has many different important functions in the brain including memory functions. It is a structure included in many different brain systems such as the limbic system and medial temporal lobe. While it does play a major role in memory retention it is also involved with spatial navigation and long term potentiation. Many neurotransmitters affect the hippocampus and ...

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Key Differences Between Nature And Nurture Theories Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,390 )

Developmental psychology refers to the human development of cognitive abilities and social relationships across a lifetime (Colman, 2006). Understanding development has its importance as it provides insight into human behaviour. Over the years, a vast number of developmental theories that have aimed to offer insight into this matter have been put forward. The debate as to whether development is driven by nature (evolutionary processes) or nurture (environmental ...

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Theory Of Person Centred Counselling Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,024 )

In this essay, the theory of person centred counselling and skills for best practice will be identified. This will also show the use of my listening skills, use of the core conditions and how I manage the time boundaries of a session. Evidence of my progress will be included by demonstrating my own understanding of person centred counselling and the theory behind it. As well as my ...

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Theoretical Framework Of Internet Addiction Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,718 )

The theoretical framework that this study used to discuss about internet addiction will be Uses and Gratifications theory. UG theory founded by Elihu Katz in 1959, when Herzog examined the reasons people use the radio to listen to quiz programme (Herzog, 1942), and soap operas (Herzog, 1944) (as cited in Katz, 1959). According to Katz (1959), the outcomes of media usage depend on why and how they ...

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Methodology Of Cyberbullying Studies Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,929 )

According to Dooley, Pyzalski, & Cross (2009, p.182), to date, many authors face difficulties in defining and comparing cyberbullying because of the use of different methods. (No Flow from reason of different method to definition) Cyberbullying has been from a general perspective defined as bullying through an electronic means. Drawing from Smith et al. (2008, p.376), cyberbullying refers to an aggressive, deliberate act done by a person ...

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Neurotransmitter Serotonin Cause Depression Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,495 )

According to the World Health Organization, about 121 million people across the globe suffer from depression and the WHO has ranked depression as fourth in a list of most urgent problems worldwide (2). It is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder and is responsible for nearly 850,000 deaths every year. Supporting this fact, statistics have revealed that the use of anti-depressants has soared over 400 percent in the ...

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