Child Development Occurs In Discrete Stages Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (913 )

This essay will analyse Piaget and Eriksons theory of development, as well as the strength and weaknesses of the theories. It will also outline evidence for and against discrete stages of development. Piaget developed a four stage theory of cognitive development to describe patterns of growth throughout a lifespan. The first stage of Piaget's cognitive theory is 'sensory-motor stage'. During this period, infants discover environment through senses ...

Click here to read more arrow

Juvenile Delinquency Within Secondary Schools Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

30 (11,930 )

This article is relevant to my study as it examines three major delinquency theories, namely social control, strain and differential association or social learning theories in an attempt to elaborate on the community context of adolescent involvement in delinquency. This article attempts to undertake a comparative analysis of contextual effects, which has not been previously studied. The study found that youths residing in areas of high male ...

Click here to read more arrow

Compare and Contrast Psychoanalytic analysis

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,088 )

The Psychoanalytic Theory founded by Sigmund Freud, The Jungian Theory developed by Carl Jung , and The individual psychology Theory established by Alfred Adler were all founded by three very important influential minds of Psychology. Freud believed the mind had three levels the unconscious, the preconscious and the conscious. In addition, Psychoanalytic theories focus on the unconscious mind, which contains introverted sexual feelings and unwanted thoughts, events ...

Click here to read more arrow

Achievements of Mary Whiton Calkins

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,503 )

Mary Whiton Calkins was a woman who dedicated her entire life to the field of psychology and philosophy. She is best known as the first woman president of both American Psychological and Philosophical Associations and for being denied her doctorate from Harvard. Her courage, and her ability to tide over all the obstacles that she faced up through her education and career, gave hope to many women ...

Click here to read more arrow

Effect of dance movement therapy in reduction of anxiety

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,220 )

Colucci (2010) conducted a study to assess the effects of dance therapy and relaxation therapy on anxiety levels in college students. The participants consisted of 24 undergraduate students from a Catholic Liberal Arts College in New England and were divided into two treatment groups. The first was a dance therapy treatment group where students followed an instructor, via videotape, in order to ease their feelings of anxiousness. ...

Click here to read more arrow

The History Of Behaviourism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,091 )

During the decades 1930-1960, behaviourism represented the mainstream of experimental psychology (Jean-Claude Lecas, 2006). Central idea of behaviourism simply means "A science of behaviour is possible" (William M. Baum, 1994). While, behaviourists are group of individual which have diverse views about what this proposition means, and particularly about what science is and what behaviour is. Most of the behaviourist agrees that there can be a science of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Test Of Dc Shunt Motor Configuration Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,415 )

Following the experiment conducted on the open frame DC motor configurations, the results gotten from the experiments were explained as follows. As shown in figure 6.0, with the motor running at no load, an increase in voltage resulted in an increase in speed and vice versa. This shows that the voltage and speed were proportional to each other. Also with the motor in the no load condition ...

Click here to read more arrow

Explain Fire Setting Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,277 )

Individuals are subject to fire setting behaviour for various reasons from the fascination and sensation of starting a fire, to the monetary returns and destruction it can cause. Pyromania, a distinct type of fire setting behaviour, according to the ICD-10 is a 'habit and impulse disorder' (World Health Organisation, 1992). A pyromaniac is defined by three essential components: Repeated fire-setting without obvious motive, an intense interest in ...

Click here to read more arrow

Men Cheat On Partner For Sexual Reasons Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

26 (10,187 )

Abstract According to most of the literature available, men cheat on their partner for sexual reasons (Wilson, Mattingly, Clark, & Weidler, 2011). The aim of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons that lead men to cheat by taking a men's point of view. The sample consisted of six male participants who are in a committed relationship and who presumably never cheated. The ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Cross Cultural Psychology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,862 )

Currently, different debates about very interesting issues, including whether the development of countries, nations, cultures is a linear process, whether all countries in their development are at one and the same stage, whether the path to economic prosperity and psychological well-being are similar for all that all countries, do not cease in a wide interdisciplinary discourse. The range of opinions is very large: starting from the recognition ...

Click here to read more arrow

An Explanation Of Mixed Method Designs Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,291 )

Combining methods allows for one method compensating for weaknesses or blind spots of the other, but the different methods remain autonomous, operating side by side (Flick, 2006 cited in David E. Gray, 2009, p. 213). This means that by combining both the research methods we can compare our analyzed quantitative data with the obtained qualitative information to check whether there are any gaps between the results obtained. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Assignment on human growth and development

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,077 )

This essay uses theoretical perspectives of social sciences relevant to human growth and development by demonstrating the socialisation process and the impact of family structures on the normal development of Gerry. It uses the Maslow's hierarchy of needs to explore the effects of poverty on Gerry's infancy and it will use Balter, Catherin & Tamis-Lemonda to support Maslow's philosophy needs. Furthermore it will go on to use ...

Click here to read more arrow

A Model For Integration Of Theories Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,196 )

This assignment is based on my training and within it's framework I had a session with a client. In this thirty minute session I follow the Padesky's context to explore and understand better the issues of my client. In this assessment I present a brief history of my client, I introduce the Transtheoretical Model and I discuss the use of this model in regard to my client. ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Neuropsychology Korsakoff Syndrome Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,322 )

This study is investigating on a specific patient (Mr C) who's suffering from Korsakoff syndrome. In this report, the case study indicates mainly to memory deficiency. The sequence of events in this case study is used to show the possibilities of side effects of 'chronic alcohol abuse' which is also known as Korsakoff syndrome. The literature review introduces the medical model of Korsakoff syndrome that is presented ...

Click here to read more arrow

With The Advancement Of Technology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,341 )

With the advancement of technology, using the Internet on a daily basis has become the norm of the youths. More than 93 of American youths went online as of 2009 and the current number of youths online is likely on the rise (Lenhart, Purcell, Smith & Zickuhr, 2010). The increasing amount of Internet usage and Internet interactions has been the trend in Singapore and overseas. In Singapore ...

Click here to read more arrow

Eriksons Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,725 )

It is obvious that human undergo lots of changes such as biological, cognitive, psychological and in behaviour since the time of conception till they attain their complete adult age. These changes are said to be under any of the influences like nature, nurture, environment, and social. We also know that based on these aspects, numbers of psychologist such as B. F Skinner, Sigmund Freud, Albert Bandura, Jean ...

Click here to read more arrow

What is involved in structured observation

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,594 )

Structured observation is a tool used by researchers to collect quantitative data in order to measure and statistically test the validity of an assumption or hypothesis made about a social phenomenon. The method is 'structured' by virtue of the fact that the observer only records frequencies or durations of specific predefined occurrences. It is an 'observation' as questions need not be asked to the subject during the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Outline of the key models of working memory

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,475 )

Memory has long fascinated cognitive psychologists and cognitive theories as to the nature of memory go as far back as the late 19th century and William James (James, 1890). He was the first to propose a multi-store model of memory. In it he distinguished between primary and secondary memory. He stated that primary memory consisted of information that remained in the consciousness immediately after it had been ...

Click here to read more arrow

Cognitive psychology, retention and learning transfer

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,220 )

The way information has been retained and transferred into meaningful output has baffled the minds of Cognitive Psychologists for decades. It is in an effort to discover how this becomes possible that various Cognitive Psychologists have developed hypotheses and presented models. Estes, (1975) posited that some learning theories support hypotheses that are based on instruction that leads to learning outcomes that he regard as a two element ...

Click here to read more arrow

Festingers Social Comparison Theory Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,964 )

In this essay we are asked to look at Festingers social comparison theory and its findings, applications, methodologies and theoretical approaches since its birth. We are asked to illustrate our understandings with reference to literature. Social comparison theory assumes that people tend to evaluate their successes, failures and opinions in relation to others (Festinger, 1954). This may occur with reference to a physical reality; what is happening ...

Click here to read more arrow

Confidence In The Strengths Perspective Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,443 )

I have much confidence in the strengths perspective. My confidence in the strengths perspective is based on both knowledge and belief. Throughout my college career, I was taught by experts that the strengths perspective was a highly efficient model to use in social work practice. Because they were experts in social work, this leads me to believe that the strengths perspective was effective. I never doubted that ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychological Effects Of Violent Media On Children Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,253 )

Tompicins (2003), conducted a research to find out that how video games effect the mind of children and result in the aggressive behavioral problem. This paper also shows that how children become less sensitive to pain and become fearful. Academy of Pediatrics conducted a research on children to find out that how video games and other media psychologically affect the children mind and find out that significant ...

Click here to read more arrow

Career Development Inventory Application And Case Study Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,822 )

The Career Development Inventory (CDI), created by Albert Thompson, Richard Lindeman, Donald Super, Jean Pierre Jordan, and Roger Myers. The CDI operationally defines Super's structural model of career choice readiness among adolescents and emerging adults. Inspired by the construct of reading readiness, Super, reasoned that the readiness to and resources for making educational and vocational choices emerged during childhood and developed during adolescence. Super believed that vocational ...

Click here to read more arrow

Extraversion And Facebook Use Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,641 )

Facebook is a massive social networking site for communication with friends, family and colleagues, facebook is different to other social networking sites as it allows us to establish an offline to online trend. This research investigates to see if there is a correlation between extraversion and hours spend on facebook each week, the research shows that there is a positive correlation between the two variables and that ...

Click here to read more arrow

Functionalism behaviorism and evolutionary psychology

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,604 )

Each school of thought within the psychology profession presents its own history and has developed within a specific social, political, intellectual, and religious context. Each school of thought has also had their own accomplishments, failures, demises, and has been modified by schools of thought that have followed them in time. In this paper, the context of development, rise and demise, as well as contributions to the specialization ...

Click here to read more arrow

Brain Development And The Process Of Learning Languages Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,120 )

A baby speaks directly to the camera: "Look at this. I'm a free man. I go anywhere I want now." He describes his stock-buying activities, but then his phone interrupts. "Relentless! Hang on a second." He answers his phone. "Hey, girl can I hit you back?" That scenario has been very common in commercials and movies throughout the past 15 years in which the majority of viewers ...

Click here to read more arrow

Case study of film: love actually

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,985 )

In 2003 a romantic comedy 'Love Actually', was released which was written and directed by Richard Curtis. The film is set in London and delves into many dissimilar aspects of emotions like love, anger, and happiness. Throughout the film, there are ten separate stories, which are all about very different people, many of whom shown are with connections in several ways. Love actually begins five weeks before Christmas ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Basic Building Blocks Of Quantitative Research Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,732 )

Qualitative Research Methodology is gaining wide spread acceptance among Researchers in Social Sciences Circle but finds less acceptance among Basic Scientists and Engineers who prefer to use Quantitative (Statistical) Methods of Research. Statistics can be defined as collecting, summarizing, and analyzing of data. Selection of a statistical analysis that is appropriate depends on whether the data for the variable under study are qualitative or quantitative. Quantitative data ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Process Of Perception Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,708 )

Perception refers to the way we perceive our environment by organising, identifying and interpreting sensory information in order to make an appropriate action, so as to understand the environment. Perception thus involves, creating an experience of the world around us, so as to survive and interact with it. Process of Perception The process of perception is thus a sequence of steps, which begins with understanding the environment ...

Click here to read more arrow

Link Between School Violence And Bullying Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,743 )

School shootings seem to be the new type of youth violence that is sweeping across the nation. This new trend has an eerie way of turning a school, which should be a safe haven for children, into a battlefield. Stories of troubled children turning to guns to make a statement or to get back at the school can be found all over the news. School shootings are ...

Click here to read more arrow

History Of A Sexual Disorders Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,785 )

Many misconceptions exist under the topic of sexual disorders, whether what is known as normal or abnormal, especially in different cultures around the world. There are disorders many suffer with, negatively impacting their life and that with a partner and others around them. Every disorder arises from a cause, from trauma to high stress levels. Also, it is clarified where the limits lie, thus making it easier ...

Click here to read more arrow

Principles of operant conditioning reinforcement and punishment

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,976 )

Operant conditioning is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. The changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. A response produces a consequence such as defining a word, hitting a ball, or solving a math problem (Myers, 2004). Behavior often results in a positive or negative consequence, and people ...

Click here to read more arrow

Physical appearance is positively related to self-esteem level

23 Mar 2015

20 (7,808 )

A number of existing researches have confirmed that physical appearance is positively related to self-esteem level. Self-esteem exists in all mankind. Human beings tend to evaluate and examine themselves, and if they find that they are lacking of something in their physical appearance they are more likely to take measures to self create something that will make them feel satisfied and attain a complete self (Schouten, 1991) ...

Click here to read more arrow

Impression formation by the use of central traits

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,594 )

13 participants were placed under test conditions to determine whether there is a difference in the writing of the descriptions and if these differences would result in more conclusions being accurate. As well as this, participants were also tested to determine if there was any change on the impressions formed about an individual because of their type of living conditions, in this case, type of residence. The ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychobiological Interventions To Improve Endurance Performance Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,114 )

Psychobiology (also known as behavioural neuroscience) is the study of the biology of behaviour. In this subject, behaviour is explained as a result of complex chemical reactions and biological events within the brain. Psychobiology studies the role of biological factors in sensation, perception, learning, memory and language. A study by Hamilton-West (2011) explores that the biological focus of psychobiology is on the central nervous system (CNS), immune ...

Click here to read more arrow

Study on the importance of race and ethnicity

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,490 )

Racial and ethnic identity, commonly defined as the significance and meaning of race and ethnicity to one's self-concept (Phinney, 1996; Sellers, Smith, Shelton, Rowley, & Chavous, 1998), represent crucial components of adolescent development and exploration among youth of color (W. E. Cross & Cross, 2007). Cross, W. E., Jr., & Cross, T. B. (2007). Theory, research, and models. In S. M. Quintana & C. McKown (Eds.), Race, ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychological diagnosis of a fictitious client

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,189 )

As described in appendix A, Joan is a 22 year old woman that has been referred for psychological evaluation from her doctor after presenting somatic complaints. Although in the doctors' opinion no apparent physical basis can be found for the complaints presented, Joan highlights that she has nausea, rapid heart palpitations and sweating. An initial interview reveals Joan is a current university student and has been in ...

Click here to read more arrow

How useful psychology is in everyday life

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,854 )

Psychology is not a single subject of enterprise as infact it can be pinned down to quite a lot of coalated specialities for example developmental psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology,psysiological psychology which all have different focus points. Developmental psychology has a focus point on studying the age-related changes which occur in all living beings across the life span. On the otherhand, clinical psychology is more based on ...

Click here to read more arrow

Existing career theories cannot account for modern career paths

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,628 )

In today's times it is agreed that careers are continuously changing and are adapting to the fast pacing world of work. Along with the change there is a consensus on the direction of that change (Collin & Watts, 1996). The traditional theories and practice of work have given birth to new modern careers, careers that are liberating and all-encompassing - a blended use of knowledge and skills ...

Click here to read more arrow

Investigating Youngs Double Slit Experiment

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,940 )

In the early 1800s, a great debate arose within the scientific community, was light a wave or a particle? The famous Isaac Newton, argued that light was in fact a particle. On the contrary, a scientist by the name of Thomas Young argued that light was not a particle but that it was a wave. To go along with his argument he devised an experiment to test ...

Click here to read more arrow

How Music Affects Human Beings Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,203 )

Music can help people in many ways. Music is known to help people with memory and languages problems by helping them remember and learning how to speak again. It can also improve your health and productivity and it serves as a form of expression, as well as a way for teenagers to understand and identify some emotions that they might be feeling. Listening to music is also ...

Click here to read more arrow

Study On Serial Position Curve Phenomena

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,705 )

The Serial Position Curve is a psychological phenomena founded by Murdock (1962) in an experiment where the participants were tested for recall on a list of words previously learnt. This experiment has in turn become an accepted measure of memory testing. The theory for the serial position curve is that people recall a list of pre-learnt words best at the beginning and at the end of the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Heredity and Environmental influences and its Effects

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,201 )

Personality is a set of characteristics or traits that reflect in one's cognitive, affective and behavioural states. Personality may be based on many factors. It may be based on innate or learned experience, or latent or manifest. But, the focus of this essay will be whether a person's personality is based on the magnitude of genetic or an environmental influence. Personality can be divided into two categories, ...

Click here to read more arrow

Facilitate Or Impede Helping Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,659 )

It has often been assumed that animals were in the first place rendered social, and that they feel as a consequence uncomfortable when separated from each other, and comfortable whilst together; but it is a more probable view that these sensations were first developed, in order that those animals which would profit by living in society, should be induced to live together,…for with those animals which were ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Lifestyles Among Students Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,142 )

Students face various stresses and with the change of values and modern rearing practices shaped by new media, the nature of stressors has changed. Present study tries to identify and evaluate the life-style to stress and examine the impact of the same on well-being and examines the coping mechanisms used by the students. For the present study student sample (N=100) from of a reputed sectoral management institute ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Study Of Human Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,095 )

The study of human behavior is diverse and many studies have been done trying to find more about human behavior. Many researchers have concluded that human behavior is complex and sometimes unpredictable. The environment is one of the major factors in the development of human behavior. The unpredictability of human behavior tries to show that people are unique and operate on different ideas and backgrounds. In addition, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The effectiveness of jacobson progressive muscle relaxation

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,543 )

The term anxiety has become a part of everyday life. The concept of anxiety may differ according to the individual because of anxiety to the individual because of anxiety is an alternating single of depression, its warn of impending danger and enable a person to take measures to overcome treat in life measures to overcome treat in life. The state of psychological factor like joys, sadness, anger ...

Click here to read more arrow

What does the future hold for psychology

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,412 )

The lack of unification in psychology has been a topic of countless debate in the discipline over the years with many researchers believing it to be in a state of theoretical disarray. The numerous different perspectives in psychology, such as the cognitive, psychoanalytic and humanist perspectives, as well as their different methodologies have served to produce limitless theories all working in isolation and against one another. This ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Causes Of Stress In High School Students Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,776 )

High school is a major time in a students life, where they learn who they are and what they are going to do in life Suldo, Shaunessy, Thalj, Michalowski, and Shaffer, 2009. During this time students will experience stress on several degrees, from academic stress to stress on their personal life (Mates and Allison, 1992). In a study by Sulaiman, Hassan, Sapien, and Abdullah (2009) it was ...

Click here to read more arrow

analysis of klinefelters syndrome

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,719 )

Many chromosomal abnormalities occur early in development and involve the sex chromosomes. Klinefelter's Syndrome falls directly into this category. Klinefelter's Syndrome is a genetic condition affecting the male population. The following information observes who discovered Klinefelter's Syndrome and when it was first diagnosed. The etiology or genetic and environmental factors of the condition are discussed as well as complete description of the disability and the clear diagnostic ...

Click here to read more arrow

Study on understanding research process

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,554 )

Research methodology refers to the various sequential steps adopted by a researcher in studying the problem with certain objectives in mind. It is an explanation of the method of systematic and critical investigation into an identified subject of study. With an explanation of the elements in the concept of Research Onion (Saunders, Lewis, & Thomhil, 2007) the researcher will describe the steps adopted to do this research. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Turner and moscovici disagree over the minority influence

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,383 )

Minority influence research can be said to begin with Solomon Asch himself being influenced by Muzafer Sherif's (1936) classic study on group norms. Asch then went on to conduct his own famous study on conformity (majority influence) in 1951 and his subsequent finding that 37 percent of his participants conformed to a clearly erroneous majority opinion was a surprise for many in the field at that time. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Negative Effects Of Peer Rejection Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,969 )

This paper researches the effects of peer rejection on children, from the beginning of elementary school and transitioning into middle school, and the adverse effects that peer rejection can have. The paper also examines if there are certain factors, such as race, sex, parental care, or societal deviance, that correlate to or can be used as predictors of peer rejection. Looking at peer rejection shows multiple adverse ...

Click here to read more arrow

Culture Shown In Advertising Materialism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,129 )

Belk and Richins as giving importance/being attached to worldly possessions. He proposed three measures to quantify materialistic traits, namely - possessiveness inclination and tendency to retain control of one's possession), non-generosity (unwillingness to give possessions to or share possessions with others) and envy (interpersonal attitude involving displeasure and ill-will at the superiority of (another person) in happiness, success, reputation, or the possession of anything desirable). [Globalization does ...

Click here to read more arrow

How useful are seminal and contemporary individual theories

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,849 )

Theories on individual differences both have theoretical and pragmatic value in interpreting my personal experiences. This essay shall discuss how the seminal theories of Freud and Rogers may be used to explain personal life events. Moreover, the utility of contemporary individual differences theories and empirical researches shall subsequently be tackled. These cover individual differences in intellectual ability, affect, and sociability. One of the seminal theories of personality ...

Click here to read more arrow

Personality Assessment Instrument Or Inventory Critique Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,010 )

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory was developed by psychiatrist J.C, McKinley and psychologist Starke R. Hathaway at the University of Minnesota in the late 1930s. The MMPI-2 is one of the most widely used personality test in the practice of psychology. The test was developed in the United States in the middle of the lat century. Today it is however used in the entire world. It is ...

Click here to read more arrow

what an overall research methodology is

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,676 )

This section discussed what an overall research methodology is and why and what research tools and methods has been adopted to gain and analyze results. The chapter begins with the research purpose which is followed through the research philosophy, research approach then research strategy and data collection method. There is a fixed aim and objectives in this research which have to be response hence it is really ...

Click here to read more arrow

Falling In Love Is Considered A Norm Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,704 )

Falling in love is considered a norm in modern society since arranged marriages are not forced upon the majority of todays generation. The purpose of this essay is to investigate and discuss the different factors involved in falling in love. One of the factors that contribute to falling in love is physiological needs, which involves hormones and needs for sexual fulfillment in relationships. Next, there are affiliation ...

Click here to read more arrow

Having Aggression As Dreams Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,496 )

Dreams are not visions of the future. They are simply the result of what you see in your mind when asleep. It portrays what you want, either factually or symbolically. If you dream of winning a Lamborghini from a draw, it's because it's subconsciously on your mind. Dreams can affect our daily lives because they can motivate us to make our dreams come a reality. However, because ...

Click here to read more arrow

Trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy with children

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,453 )

By 16 years of age, 25 percent of children and youth "in the United States are exposed to at least one traumatic event" (Silverman et al., 2008). Studies show that children as a group are especially at high risk for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event. Furthermore, "clinical and population studies" indicate that "children who have" developed PTSD due to experiencing child abuse are ...

Click here to read more arrow

Theoretical Perspectives Behind Role Modelling Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,180 )

Role model, hero, idol and star are just a few of the terms that can be used to describe highly influential figures in society. The term 'role model' is widely used and has been described by Spencer (1998, p.58) as "an individual whose actions are worthy of imitation." Yancy (1998, p.254) describes a role model to vary from an individual who is "perceived as exemplary, or worthy ...

Click here to read more arrow

The relationship between Stress and Illness

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,611 )

The term stress is used to describe the physical and emotional strain one can display as a direct response to pressure from the outside world. The pressure and consequence response can be acute (short) or chronic (long). Almost any thing can create stress situation, and stress is not always in negative format. Some people thrive off stress and are motivated by new challenges. The problem lies when ...

Click here to read more arrow

Job Stress As A Safety Hazard At Work Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,384 )

The nature of work is changing at whirlwind speed (2). Job stress is defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). This type of stress can lead to poor health and injury. Stress is a misfit between ...

Click here to read more arrow

Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,178 )

The death of parents is among the most painful events that occur in life. An anticipated, 3.5% of adolescents in the United States have experienced the parental death (Social Security Administration, 2000). Literature suggests that parental death places children endangered for many negative outcomes including psychological problems (e.g., depression, anxiety, somatic complaints, PTSD), traumatic grief (e.g., a longing for deceased and lack of acceptance of loss), decreases ...

Click here to read more arrow

Stress Is Experience That Creates Physiological Imbalances Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,725 )

Stress is an experience that creates physiological and psychological imbalances within a person . It is a body reaction to any demands or changes in this internal and external environment . whenever there is a change in external environment , such as temperature , pollution , humidity and working conditions , it leads to stress . In these days of competition , when one wishes to surpass ...

Click here to read more arrow

Describe and evaluate the potential sources of stress

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,628 )

Stress is the body's way of responding to any kind of demand. This can be the bodies physical reactions to stress which can be measured, for example changes in hormones secretions, skin reactions, and other physical functions. It can also be defined by individual internal interpretation or individual reaction to a specific stressor (stimuli that cause stress). Dr Simon Green in 1994 said that "a state of ...

Click here to read more arrow

Handedness and Lateralization

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,271 )

Handedness and Lateralization Cortical Organisation and Lateralization Of The Brain In Handedness And Dominance According to Annett most people in our society define handedness as the hand that you use for writing (1970). Researchers define handedness as the hand that performs faster or specifically on physical tests. Paul Broca (1979), suggested that a person's handedness was opposite from that specialised hemisphere (so a right-handed person ...

Click here to read more arrow

The General Adaptation Syndrome Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

24 (9,273 )

Stress is inescapably present in the lives of every living organism. While some stress can be beneficial, too much of it is almost always disadvantageous. Frequently the word "stress" is used to describe the imposition of an undesirable psychological or physical state through uncontrollable or overwhelming circumstances. We tend to think of stress as a burden that we carry around with us. One individual might perceive that ...

Click here to read more arrow

Critical Evaluation Of Behaviorism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,616 )

Behaviorism was the main approach in psychology around in the middles of 1960. However, it was gradually be questioned by a lot of psychologists, mainly because of its element to exclude the cognitive processes from the study of human behavior. The Behavior therapy is characterized by a lot of different views among psychologists. Through the years, behaviorism was criticized by the different theoretical backgrounds in psychology and ...

Click here to read more arrow

CASE STUDY: Cognitive Development

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,702 )

1-Swiss biologist and psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) observed his children (and their process of making sense of the world around them) and eventually developed a four-stage model of how the mind processes new information encountered. He posited that children progress through 4 stages and that they all do so in the same order. These four stages are: Sensorimotor stage (Birth to 2 years old). The infant builds ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Subspecialties In Optometry Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,578 )

For those wishing to enter the optometry field, one should be aware of the subspecialties of the profession. The subspecialties serve multiple purposes for the doctor of optometry (OD) such as giving his or her position a unique niche, extending the education beyond schooling, and allowing him or her to server a wider cliental. These are a valuable asset not only for those wishing to be hired ...

Click here to read more arrow

Work Behavior For Older And Younger Generation Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,423 )

Behaviour of an employee in an organizational setup is expected to be well defined and there is a diminutive scope for an employee to deviate from it. However there are occasions when our work behaviour is governed by our work attitude and other key reasons. Present paper attempts to explore the complex relationship between attitude and behaviour in an organizational setup across generations. Constructivist approach has been ...

Click here to read more arrow

ethical communication Executive summary

23 Mar 2015

17 (6,651 )

From a short literature review, we gained the insight that the focus of previous research on ethical communication has mainly been on reacting to moral issue through moral silence or whistle-blowing. Hence, alternatives in between have been neglected. In this paper we aim to investigate the extent to which there are alternative ways for responding to ethical issues, other than moral silence and whistle-blowing. We argue that ...

Click here to read more arrow

Autism is a developmental disorder of the brain

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,508 )

What is Autism? Autism is a developmental disorder of the brain. People with autism have problems communicating or interacting socially with society. They also may have unusual patterns of behavior, interests and activities. There are five kinds of autism, which is why doctors use the term "autism spectrum disorder" (ASD). The three main types of autism include: Classic autism, Asperger's syndrome, Nonspecific pervasive developmental disorder (PDD-NOS) -- ...

Click here to read more arrow

How Background Shapes Personality Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

13 (5,098 )

The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the personality of Sir Richard Branson while applying the roles of social perception and attribution theory. The various approaches to the study of human behaviour in organisational contexts have been examined along with the case study of Sir Richard Branson who is an iconic personality in the business world today. He owns 'Virgin' which is the top leading group ...

Click here to read more arrow

Adolescent Depression And Substance Abuse Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,878 )

The issues of depression and substance abuse have caused schools throughout the globe considerable amount of stress and trouble due to the deleterious effect of the latter upon the youth of today. In this particular study, the possible linkage in regard to depression and substance abuse will be explored. Purpose of the study: The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between substance abuse by ...

Click here to read more arrow

Predominant Explanation For Criminal Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

11 (4,041 )

The issue of criminal behavior has prompted my interest into the predominant explanations of its development and whether criminal behavior is inherited or simply learned from ones environmental surroundings. Thus the nature versus nurture debate will be examined, focusing on the biological and social factors contributing to criminal behavior. Therefore my investigated question is 'Is there a predominant explanation for criminal behavior'. In presenting and analyzing evidence ...

Click here to read more arrow

Self Efficacy And Adhd Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,982 )

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a relatively new disorder whose diagnosis has greatly increased in the last 10-15 years. It is associated with children who have problems with attention, as well as hyperactivity-impulsivity. It affects schoolwork, social relationships, as well as general daily tasks and home relationships. One area of interest is the relationship that self-efficacy has with ADHD. Self-efficacy is the belief that one has the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Abnormal Psychology And Sociology Of The Family Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,627 )

This essay contains two parts which is Abnormal Psychology and sociology of the family. In the first part, the writer will discuss ''the principle difficulties which arise from the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders'', with respect to abnormal psychology. The writer will pay a particular attention to defining abnormality and anxiety disorders, and relevant treatment used to the treat anxiety disorders. Also strengths and limitations each ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Benefits Of Self Improvement Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,570 )

Doing anything correctly requires the right tools. Just as changing a tire is quicker and easier with a jack, improving yourself is much less difficult with a tool specifically developed to assist you. The LSI can be that tool. Together, the LSI and your administrator/consultant can help you accomplish your self-improvement goals. The LSI provides you with a valuable opportunity to look at your thinking and behavior ...

Click here to read more arrow

Pay Satisfaction And Types Of Pay Satisfaction Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,059 )

Pay satisfaction, Types of Pay satisfaction (one-dimensional and Multidimensional) Consequences of Pay satisfaction (Job-focused and Organizational-focused) Organizational Justice, Types of Organizational Justice, Distributive Justice and Procedural Justice Related Theories (Equity Theory, Discrepancy Theory) 2.2 Pay satisfaction Pay satisfaction is one of the most important factors in Human Resource Management and Organizational metrics. Pay satisfaction can be defined as the amount of overall positive or negative affect (or ...

Click here to read more arrow

Characterizing Positivism Interpretivism And Realism Approaches Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,365 )

However, despite these ongoing arguments between the methodological traditions of qualitative and quantitative research (Gage, 1989); combined methods represent a fast developing field of social science methodology. As all methods have specific margins and particular strengths, many discussants propose that qualitative and quantitative methods should be combined in order to compensate for their mutual weaknesses (Tashakkori & Teddlie, 2003). Moreover, it is claimed that this movement scripts ...

Click here to read more arrow

Describing research methology and philosophy

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,660 )

Saunders et al (2007) described research methodology as a carefully organised and scientific procedure used during a research project which generates results which are in turn assessed. Also the methodology used in any research is developed by the researcher. Saunders et al (2007) revealed five sections in which research projects are usually shaped. Figure 3.1: The Research "Onion" Saunders et al (2009) described research philosophy as an ...

Click here to read more arrow

Literature review on articles studying ADHD

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,516 )

This work is done to summarize two articles extracted from scientific experiments. I chose is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Anxiety, two of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. The first article discussed ADHD currently used to describe children with a relatively stable behavioral profile characterized by developmental inappropriate difficulties regulating impulse control and attention, causing impaired functioning at both home and school. It defined ...

Click here to read more arrow

Study on methadone maintenance for opiate addiction

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,387 )

Methadone Maintenance a program was first used widely as an opioid replacement therapy to treat heroin dependence, and it remains the best-researched treatment for this problem. Methadone was developed in 1947 as a painkiller, and by 1950 oral methadone was used for the agonizing symptoms of withdrawing from opioids. Today MMT treatment centers offer clinics as an option to assist patients in methadone maintenance program. This allows ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychoanalysis Between Positivism And Hermeneutics Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,087 )

Through time, psychoanalysis has been an object of debate for scientists, philosophers and theorists. Until today, the debate about if the discipline of psychoanalysis uses or not the scientific methodology to follow an investigation is still a controversial topic, since it is the clinical setting and the case studies are the ones used to prove the psychoanalytic theories. In 1923, Sigmund Freud, published in Two Encyclopedia Articles, ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Development Of Psychology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,236 )

Psychology officially started 1879 by Wilhelm Wundt who founded the first laboratory which specialised in psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany. Here Wundt used controlled experiments to investigate 'the mind' using a method called 'introspection' which is an examination of one's own mental state to gain insight into how our mind works. This approach became known as Structuralism and Wundt is highly regarded as the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Clinical Case Study of Seung-Hui Cho

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,254 )

Clinical psychology includes the study and application of psychology for the purpose of understanding, preventing and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well being and personal development. This is a modern approach to developed to handle cases involving chronic and extreme human behavior abnormality that are caused as a result of mental depression and other notable factors related to the process of human development ...

Click here to read more arrow

Parents with OCD and the affects on children

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,774 )

The offspring of parents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder possess an increased risk of suffering from social, emotional and anxiety-related disorders as compared to offspring with normal parents. All anxiety disorders are based on an overactivation of the fear system in our brains - this fear involves unwanted thoughts, impulses, or images and the attempts to suppress or neutralize them with compulsive behaviors or mental acts. Anxiety in ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Effect Of Intimate Partner Violence Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,163 )

IPV is prevalent in the United Kingdom and research suggests it has a profound impact on children that witness it. IPV can affect children of all ages and both genders, and has developmental, social, emotional and behavioural consequences that can persist into adulthood. Introduction Intimate partner violence, known also as "Domestic Violence" is an umbrella term encompassing a range of abusive behaviours exhibited by an individual and ...

Click here to read more arrow

Link between therapeutic relationship and outcome in CBT

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,869 )

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the form of treatment that has the gathered the most empirical support for its efficacy to date. Its efficacy in treating a variety of adult mental disorders has been well documented (see Butler, Chapman, Forman, & Beck, 2006). In fact, 94% of "well-established" empirically supported treatments (see Hunsley, Dobson, Johnston, & Mikail, 1999) are cognitive behavioural therapies. CBT is based on the ...

Click here to read more arrow

Psychological research studies

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,041 )

It was first believed, according to the empiricists' view (e.g. Locke, 1939) that a newborn infant's ability to perceive, developed solely through a process of learning via experience. These pinnacle underestimates could have existed due to the extremely difficult nature of assessing what one could consider inaccessible to direct measurements. Contemporary knowledge in this domain has proliferated markedly due to the development of inventive techniques used to ...

Click here to read more arrow

Study on the motor theory of speech perception

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,425 )

The motor theory of speech perception by Liberman et al (1967) deals with the recognition of phonemes which are either from an acoustic and/or visual speech signal, which are considered as the phonetic gestures of a speaker. This theory suggests that a listener refers incoming signals back to the articulatory instructions, which articulators would receive from a listener. This in result produces a set of same sequences. ...

Click here to read more arrow

Emotional Response To Music And Happiness Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,744 )

The objective of this research is to examine the correlation between emotional response to music and happiness among the undergraduates of UTAR: Perak Campus. Besides that, the gender differences in emotional response to music and gender differences in happiness will be examined as well. The findings show that there are more than half of the participants scored more than 4 out of the maximum score of 7. ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Developments Of Social Facilitation Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,477 )

Social facilitation is when "one animal increases or decreases its behaviour in the presence of another animal which does not otherwise interact with it" (Guerin, 1993, p.1). In a sporting context it is the idea that the presence of someone else can either cause an individual's performance to be facilitated (Travis, 1925) or inhibited (Pressin, 1993). 2.2 What Does Social Facilitation Research Look to Achieve? Social facilitation ...

Click here to read more arrow

Three ways that stress is conceptualised by psychologists

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,534 )

Researchers define stress as a physical, mental, or emotional response to events that cause bodily or mental tension. Therefore, stress is a disruptive condition that occurs in response to internal or external environments and affects the body or mind. Depending on the stressors and the types of events being dealt with, stress can manifest itself physically, emotionally or mentally. Physical stress occurs when the body starts to ...

Click here to read more arrow

The difficulties and needs of adult attachment

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,431 )

It is in human nature for people to want attachments. As humans, we are readily classified as a very social species. Humans need attachments to grow and explore the world around them with a sense of security. As research continues on, psychologists are becoming convinced that attachments begin during infancy and how the attachment is observed during infancy it could be used to describe the success or ...

Click here to read more arrow

The Stucturalism And Functionalism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,667 )

Stucturalism and Functionalism were two important schools of psychology in the 1800s Benjafield, 2010. Structuralism is focused on breaking down mental processes into the most elementary components (Ney, 2012). Structuralists used techniques such as introspection to analyze the inner processes of the human mind. Like the names of the schools imply, structuralism was about reducing mental processes into the most basic building blocks of the mind through ...

Click here to read more arrow

Choosing between mischel and rotters explaining personality

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,171 )

Both Julian Rotter and Walter Mischel proposed the social cognitive approach to personality. Known as social cognitive theorists, Mischel and Rotter suggested that conscious thoughts and emotions determine the difference between people and guide the way they behave (Mischel, 2004). The social cognitive approach is not based on the description of an individual's personality rather than on the principles of human learning. Thus, they believe that our ...

Click here to read more arrow

Emotion And Disgust As A Moral Emotion Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,341 )

This research study aims to explain the relationship between feelings of disgust, cleanliness, and moral judgments, and also their potential impact on willingness to pay for fair trade products. In our experiment, participants watched a video including disgust issues and according to their cleanliness priming they cleaned their hand with a sanitizer, with hand wipe, or no cleaning. In the control condition, they only answered questions without ...

Click here to read more arrow
Get in Touch With us

Get in touch with our dedicated team to discuss about your requirements in detail. We are here to help you our best in any way. If you are unsure about what you exactly need, please complete the short enquiry form below and we will get back to you with quote as soon as possible.