Psychological reasons and effects of phobia amongst children

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,219 )

A phobia is a persistent, abnormal and often irrational fear of particular activity, thing, situation or even person. Phobias are not uncommon in children and can be managed. However, critical attention has to be paid to a child so as to determine the cause of the phobia and to assist in the selection of the most appropriate method of treatment to partake. Misdiagnosis or the lack of ...

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Study on phelan mcdermid syndrome

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,518 )

Seventy-five percent of individuals with Phelan-McDermid Syndrome have pure 22q deletions, which are either terminal or interstitial. A terminal deletion involves a single break in the long arm of chromosome 22 that removes the distal portion. An interstitial deletion occurs when two breaks occur within the long arm of chromosome 22 and only the segment between the two breaking points is lost. In Phelan-McDermid Syndrome, terminal deletions ...

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Research into how mental disorders are classified

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,180 )

"DSM-IV is a classification of mental disorders that was developed for use in clinical, educational, and research settings." (American Psychiatric Association, DSM-IV-TR, 2000) What the DSM attempts to do is have specific criteria for specific disorders, but at the same time, not have the manual be used in a "cookbook" fashion. Meaning that the specific diagnostic criteria in the DSM are meant to serve as guidelines concurrently ...

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Psychology Essays - Depression and Treatments

23 Mar 2015

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Evaluate the effectiveness of 3 (or more) different treatments of depression. The treatments examined can include drug therapy, dietary changes, cognitive behavioural therapy, and psychotherapy, or any othertreatment which has been scientifically evaluated. Depression and Treatments Depression is not only one of themost widespread and prevalent of the major psychiatric disorders but also oneof the most excessively researched mental illnesses. It has oftenfundamentally affects people's well-being and ...

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The Evolutionary Aspects Of Fear Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,694 )

This paper presents an exclusive discussion of what is known about the biological basis of fear. In presenting this discussion, the paper shall explore the main concepts relating to the biology behind fear in humans with the main ideas being the definition of fear, the evolutionary aspects of fear, as well as the emotional response of the brain in the event of fear or anxiety. The paper ...

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Exploring the similarities and differences

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,430 )

Studies has revealed that different types of therapy have similar success rates, nevertheless of the theoretical underpinnings (Smith & Glass, 1977). For instance, short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive behaviour therapy are equally effective in treating depression (see Leichsenring, 2001 for a review). This has led to the suggestion that the therapeutic working alliance relationship, which is common to all one-to one therapy, maybe an important aspect in ...

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Psychological Theories Of Life Span Development Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Development can be defined as systematic changes that occur in the individual between conception and death, or from womb to tomb. These depend on multiple factors. Life has been divided into number of stages. Prenatal period: conception to birth: This stage included the time from conception to birth. Though the child has not come to the outside world but a life is there, the heart is beating ...

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Difference between Self Confidence and Self Efficacy

23 Mar 2015

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When the word self-efficacy is heard, it is often understood as self-confidence by many people. Self-confidence is not the same as self- efficacy. So, what does it mean by self-confidence and self efficacy. According to M. Colman (2002), self-confidence is defined as a trust or assertion in oneself, believing in one's aptitude, making a choice which maybe referring to a general context or to a specific event ...

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A Study on Research Methods And Approaches

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,302 )

This section describes the methods used in carrying out this research. Methodology is an overall approach to research process, from theoretical underpinning to the collection of data (Collis and Hussey, 2003). This section informs the reader of research design, whether it is explanatory, descriptive or he exploratory, and why a particular design is design is chosen. It informs the reader about the primary and secondary sources of ...

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The enhancing effects of music on happiness

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,549 )

This thesis examines the enhancing effects of music on happiness.Music is the purest form of art. It can be said that it has an impact on almost everyone. Certain pieces of music have a relaxing effect, while others stimulate us to act, and some cause change in or emphasize our mood. This work specifically concentrates on how listening to different kinds of music can increase the level ...

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An audit looking at how many patients are with thyroid dysfunction

23 Mar 2015

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What is the function of thyroid gland and thyroid hormones The thyroid gland is located in the anterior part of the neck, attached to the thyroid cartilage. It consists of two lobes, approximately 5 cm each, that lie either side of the trachea joined in the middle by an isthmus. The thyroid gland is responsible for the production of three thyroid hormones: Calcitonin (involved with calcium homeostasis), ...

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The Genetic Basis Of Schizophrenia Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Schizophrenia is a debilitating, psychiatric disorder. Primarily characterized by distortions to both thinking and perception, an individual suffering from this illness will experience progressive cognitive and behavioural impairment. Manifesting into pyschosis, patients tend to develop an array of positive and negative symptoms that can ultimately leave a person totally withdrawn from society. Coined by Eugen Bleuler in 1911, the term schizophrenia has developed significantly from the days ...

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Theoretical Perspective Constructivism And Naturalistic Inquiry Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Qualitative descriptive designs draw from tenets of Naturalistic Inquiry which is embedded in the constructivist paradigm (Lincolin & Guba, 1989). Constructivism, as understood through the work of Egon Guba and Yvonne Lincolin (Lincolin & Guba 1985; 1989; Guba 1990) aims to carry out research in natural settings seeking to examine and understand the variety of constructions that people have within their social world. The inquiry aim of ...

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The Intrinsic Vs Extrinsic Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,741 )

Intrinsic motivation refers to engaging in an activity in itself and for pleasure and satisfaction derived from participation. Vallerand 2004. Behaviour chosen for the pleasure of participants provide own satisfaction. The Athlete felling free, enjoy the competition, excitement and having fun. A good example is tennis player Roger Federer. Extrinsic motivation is a constructed that pertains whenever an activity is done in order to attain some separable ...

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facial expression and emotion

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,480 )

The existence of a 2-way connection between facial expression and emotion has been an enduring concept; however, the connection's directional bias and strength have been points of enduring contention. The name used to describe this relationship is the Facial Feedback Hypothesis. In scientific literature it was initially presented in two different forms, with both origins from other a century ago. The first version relates to Darwin's (1872) ...

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Credit Card Usage Among Young Adults Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

11 (4,383 )

Credit card is an electronic payment instrument or indispensable credit that allows buying products and services without using cash. With credit card usage, it needs to be disciplined, if not; it can cause harsh consequences. According to Tan (2003) consequences such as uncontrollable debt, low credit ratings that will affect credibility of applying loan in future, forcing to work for debts (indirectly influencing the intention of working ...

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What extent is Psychopathy a disorder of empathy

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,077 )

Current literature seats "a lack of empathy" as one of the most distinguishing symptoms of psychopathy (APA, 1994). Commonly found amongst the factor one items of diagnostic criteria, it is valued as part of the 'core' psychopathic personality; essential to understanding the disorder (Kantor 2006). It is, for example both common and plausible to attribute the recidivistic violation of social, moral and legal norms (characteristic to psychopathy) ...

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Family dynamics and development of borderline personality disorder

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,706 )

Nature versus nurture is a huge debate that will likely continue for centuries to come. Nature advocates state, "just as a sunflower grows in an orderly way - unless flattened by an unfriendly environment - so does the human grow in an orderly way" (Santrock, 2010, p.22). This sentence alone completely negates the nature-nurture debate. Stating that orderly growth can be flattened by an unfriendly environment further ...

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Bowlby developed and refined the concept of attachment

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,073 )

Attachment theory originated in the work of the British psychiatrist John Bowlby (2907-90) who argued that the propensity to for strong emotional bonds with particular individuals was a fundamental characteristic of human young; it had survival value by bringing nurturance, protection and security to infant. John Bowlby developed and refined the concept of attachment over a number of years, He drew on ideas from psychodynamic theory of ...

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Gender differences when attending a mirror tracing task

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,111 )

The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses of speed and accuracy when practicing Mirror Tracing between men and women as well as the difference between genders with skill transferring when completing this task. The sample consisted of 243, 170 females and 73 males online and on campus university students who participated in the Mirror Tracing task for one week. Results indicated that as predicted, ...

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The significance of preventing accidents In a construction industry

23 Mar 2015

18 (7,179 )

Today, most of the top managers, contractors and workers, who work in construction industry, are aware about the significance of preventing accident.( In fact they know that ignoring safety and health can impose a high penalty on a company -large or small. Also individual accident or injury can mean compensation, time off and lost production and what have seemed to be a minor risk becomes a major ...

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Historical and scientific perspectives on homosexuality

23 Mar 2015

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Homosexuals are individuals that are attracted both romantically and sexually to the same sex. All throughout history homosexuality has been viewed in a controversial light with many people viewing it as a disgrace, while others view it as an accepted way of life. Without question homosexuality can be described as one of the most resilient and taboo minorities in our society. History as well as science has ...

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Case study: SIGMUND FREUD

23 Mar 2015

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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Austrian physician, neurologist, and founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of human personality. Through his skill as a scientist, physician, and writer, Freud combined ideas prevalent at the time with his own observation and study to produce a major theory of psychology. Most importantly, he applied these ideas to medical practice in the treatment of mental illness. His newly created ...

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The Potential Problems Of Group Decision Making Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Introduction: Discussions about group decision-making have become popular since the widespread use of teamwork. The quality circle, originally developed in Japan, is a typical example of group decision-making. It brought about dramatic improvements in the quality and economic competitiveness of Japanese goods since the Second World War. (Eillis&Dick, 2000)However, a large number of misadventures attributed to group decision-making such as the sinking of Titanic (1912), the Bay ...

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Helping Attitude Is Predisposition Of Helping Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,420 )

Helping is something that expected to be voluntary. Helping behaviour itself can be characterized as helpful behaviours that do not expect rewards in return. However, people helped frequently to get desired response, such as materials or social rewards, is not based on sincerity (Hasan, 2010). In fact, the not-expecting-reward helping behaviour or altruism has tremendous impact to society, as shown by Mother Theresa (1910-1997) (Hasan, 2010). Helping ...

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Study On Anxiety And Autism Spectrum Disorder

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,080 )

Autism spectrum disorder and anxiety disorders can be co-occurring disorders in youth who are high functioning and aware of their different social disability. The reviewed research conducted on anxiety in children and adolescents diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder reviewed aims to sum up the empirical research on the treatment, occurrence and presentation of anxiety in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder. This review hopes to provide ...

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What is psychological contract?

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,247 )

BACKGROUND TO THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT: The term psychological contract is more of a kind of contradiction. If we have a contract with somebody, it refers to a legal binding of us with the other person involving an exchange of service or money. Examples of contract are: - Contract to buy a home. Buying a ticket to fly on an airline etc. But ...

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Decision Making Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,185 )

One of the pioneer works in exploring medical decision making by Lusted and colleagues suggested that clinical reasoning was based on logic, probability, and value theory [1]. In their work Ledley and Lusted outlined a physician explanation of medical diagnosis process as follows: First, obtain the case facts from the patient's history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Second, evaluate the relative importance of the different signs and ...

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Research on scribbling and its different stages

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,016 )

Scribbling is a process that involves writing or drawing hurriedly without heed to style or legibility. It can also be said to be part of natural human behavior that involves playing, processing and manipulating. It usually comes naturally as a child explore and discover many new things in his or her surroundings. Children begin to scribble roughly at the age of 2 years and continue until they ...

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Psychoanalysis Of Gordon Gekko Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,999 )

The paper will describe a character, Gordon Gekko from Wall Street (Edwin & Stone, 1987) from a psychoanalytic perspective of Dr. Sigmund Freud. This paper will pair several quotes of Gordon Gekko with the appropriate perceived diagnosed disorder. In particular, this will illustrate Gekko's two personality disorders: Antisocial Personality Disorder and the Narcissistic Personality Disorder. The paper will conclude by summarizing these faults and then present an ...

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Effects of sport on the shy children

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,806 )

There has been much research done on the effects of youth sports participation for children that or who are extroverts (the outgoing child) but there is little known about the effect that youth sports have on an introvert, or shy children, in youth sports, (for example: increase self-esteem and social competence). According to the National Federation of State School Associations over the past 19 years there has ...

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What is a long-loop reflex?

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,374 )

A rapid stretch of a voluntarily contracting muscle evokes electromyographic (EMG) responses at various latencies, as described by Loo, K. & McCloskey, D. (1985). Response latency measures the time delay between a perturbation and response, the response is typically greater in a stretch than a jolt as found by Lee and Tatton (1975) who also proposed that there are typically 3 responses to a muscle stretch namely ...

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A Study On Psychopathology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,311 )

Psychopathology is a scientific discipline which has evolved over the years. It involves studying maladaptive behavior, mental distress and mental illness. Psychopathology is concerned with studying disease elements which affect the mental state of people. Abnormal psychology is a discipline within psychology involving the study of unusual emotion, thought or behavior patterns. These unusual emotions, thought or behavior patterns may be due to mental disorders, in some ...

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Work Related Causes Of Burnout Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,758 )

The symptoms of burnout are general. They are neither very unusual nor very mysterious. Nobody is free of symptoms. An individual with symptoms of burnout loses interest in work and in extreme cases, the burnout victim literally become unable to perform work. The work still remains intact, but burnout leaves its victim unable to get involved in the work. It reduces motivation. Following symptoms are given by ...

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History Of Clinical Neuropsychology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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The field of clinical neuropsychology emerged in the mid-21st century as a result of an urgent need to understand the relationship between brain, behavior and cognition, particularly abnormal brain functioning, that were lacking in other medical-based fields such as neurology (Bigler, 1991). However, the study of brain impairments and their associated behaviors had already begun in the late 1800s, long before the emergence of clinical neuropsychology. European ...

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Child Development Occurs In Discrete Stages Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (913 )

This essay will analyse Piaget and Eriksons theory of development, as well as the strength and weaknesses of the theories. It will also outline evidence for and against discrete stages of development. Piaget developed a four stage theory of cognitive development to describe patterns of growth throughout a lifespan. The first stage of Piaget's cognitive theory is 'sensory-motor stage'. During this period, infants discover environment through senses ...

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Juvenile Delinquency Within Secondary Schools Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

30 (11,930 )

This article is relevant to my study as it examines three major delinquency theories, namely social control, strain and differential association or social learning theories in an attempt to elaborate on the community context of adolescent involvement in delinquency. This article attempts to undertake a comparative analysis of contextual effects, which has not been previously studied. The study found that youths residing in areas of high male ...

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Compare and Contrast Psychoanalytic analysis

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,088 )

The Psychoanalytic Theory founded by Sigmund Freud, The Jungian Theory developed by Carl Jung , and The individual psychology Theory established by Alfred Adler were all founded by three very important influential minds of Psychology. Freud believed the mind had three levels the unconscious, the preconscious and the conscious. In addition, Psychoanalytic theories focus on the unconscious mind, which contains introverted sexual feelings and unwanted thoughts, events ...

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Achievements of Mary Whiton Calkins

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,503 )

Mary Whiton Calkins was a woman who dedicated her entire life to the field of psychology and philosophy. She is best known as the first woman president of both American Psychological and Philosophical Associations and for being denied her doctorate from Harvard. Her courage, and her ability to tide over all the obstacles that she faced up through her education and career, gave hope to many women ...

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Effect of dance movement therapy in reduction of anxiety

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,220 )

Colucci (2010) conducted a study to assess the effects of dance therapy and relaxation therapy on anxiety levels in college students. The participants consisted of 24 undergraduate students from a Catholic Liberal Arts College in New England and were divided into two treatment groups. The first was a dance therapy treatment group where students followed an instructor, via videotape, in order to ease their feelings of anxiousness. ...

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The History Of Behaviourism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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During the decades 1930-1960, behaviourism represented the mainstream of experimental psychology (Jean-Claude Lecas, 2006). Central idea of behaviourism simply means "A science of behaviour is possible" (William M. Baum, 1994). While, behaviourists are group of individual which have diverse views about what this proposition means, and particularly about what science is and what behaviour is. Most of the behaviourist agrees that there can be a science of ...

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Test Of Dc Shunt Motor Configuration Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,415 )

Following the experiment conducted on the open frame DC motor configurations, the results gotten from the experiments were explained as follows. As shown in figure 6.0, with the motor running at no load, an increase in voltage resulted in an increase in speed and vice versa. This shows that the voltage and speed were proportional to each other. Also with the motor in the no load condition ...

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Explain Fire Setting Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Individuals are subject to fire setting behaviour for various reasons from the fascination and sensation of starting a fire, to the monetary returns and destruction it can cause. Pyromania, a distinct type of fire setting behaviour, according to the ICD-10 is a 'habit and impulse disorder' (World Health Organisation, 1992). A pyromaniac is defined by three essential components: Repeated fire-setting without obvious motive, an intense interest in ...

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Men Cheat On Partner For Sexual Reasons Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

26 (10,187 )

Abstract According to most of the literature available, men cheat on their partner for sexual reasons (Wilson, Mattingly, Clark, & Weidler, 2011). The aim of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons that lead men to cheat by taking a men's point of view. The sample consisted of six male participants who are in a committed relationship and who presumably never cheated. The ...

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The Cross Cultural Psychology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,862 )

Currently, different debates about very interesting issues, including whether the development of countries, nations, cultures is a linear process, whether all countries in their development are at one and the same stage, whether the path to economic prosperity and psychological well-being are similar for all that all countries, do not cease in a wide interdisciplinary discourse. The range of opinions is very large: starting from the recognition ...

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An Explanation Of Mixed Method Designs Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Combining methods allows for one method compensating for weaknesses or blind spots of the other, but the different methods remain autonomous, operating side by side (Flick, 2006 cited in David E. Gray, 2009, p. 213). This means that by combining both the research methods we can compare our analyzed quantitative data with the obtained qualitative information to check whether there are any gaps between the results obtained. ...

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Assignment on human growth and development

23 Mar 2015

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This essay uses theoretical perspectives of social sciences relevant to human growth and development by demonstrating the socialisation process and the impact of family structures on the normal development of Gerry. It uses the Maslow's hierarchy of needs to explore the effects of poverty on Gerry's infancy and it will use Balter, Catherin & Tamis-Lemonda to support Maslow's philosophy needs. Furthermore it will go on to use ...

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A Model For Integration Of Theories Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,196 )

This assignment is based on my training and within it's framework I had a session with a client. In this thirty minute session I follow the Padesky's context to explore and understand better the issues of my client. In this assessment I present a brief history of my client, I introduce the Transtheoretical Model and I discuss the use of this model in regard to my client. ...

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The Neuropsychology Korsakoff Syndrome Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,322 )

This study is investigating on a specific patient (Mr C) who's suffering from Korsakoff syndrome. In this report, the case study indicates mainly to memory deficiency. The sequence of events in this case study is used to show the possibilities of side effects of 'chronic alcohol abuse' which is also known as Korsakoff syndrome. The literature review introduces the medical model of Korsakoff syndrome that is presented ...

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With The Advancement Of Technology Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,341 )

With the advancement of technology, using the Internet on a daily basis has become the norm of the youths. More than 93 of American youths went online as of 2009 and the current number of youths online is likely on the rise (Lenhart, Purcell, Smith & Zickuhr, 2010). The increasing amount of Internet usage and Internet interactions has been the trend in Singapore and overseas. In Singapore ...

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Eriksons Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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It is obvious that human undergo lots of changes such as biological, cognitive, psychological and in behaviour since the time of conception till they attain their complete adult age. These changes are said to be under any of the influences like nature, nurture, environment, and social. We also know that based on these aspects, numbers of psychologist such as B. F Skinner, Sigmund Freud, Albert Bandura, Jean ...

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What is involved in structured observation

23 Mar 2015

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Structured observation is a tool used by researchers to collect quantitative data in order to measure and statistically test the validity of an assumption or hypothesis made about a social phenomenon. The method is 'structured' by virtue of the fact that the observer only records frequencies or durations of specific predefined occurrences. It is an 'observation' as questions need not be asked to the subject during the ...

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Outline of the key models of working memory

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,475 )

Memory has long fascinated cognitive psychologists and cognitive theories as to the nature of memory go as far back as the late 19th century and William James (James, 1890). He was the first to propose a multi-store model of memory. In it he distinguished between primary and secondary memory. He stated that primary memory consisted of information that remained in the consciousness immediately after it had been ...

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Cognitive psychology, retention and learning transfer

23 Mar 2015

14 (5,220 )

The way information has been retained and transferred into meaningful output has baffled the minds of Cognitive Psychologists for decades. It is in an effort to discover how this becomes possible that various Cognitive Psychologists have developed hypotheses and presented models. Estes, (1975) posited that some learning theories support hypotheses that are based on instruction that leads to learning outcomes that he regard as a two element ...

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Festingers Social Comparison Theory Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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In this essay we are asked to look at Festingers social comparison theory and its findings, applications, methodologies and theoretical approaches since its birth. We are asked to illustrate our understandings with reference to literature. Social comparison theory assumes that people tend to evaluate their successes, failures and opinions in relation to others (Festinger, 1954). This may occur with reference to a physical reality; what is happening ...

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Confidence In The Strengths Perspective Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,443 )

I have much confidence in the strengths perspective. My confidence in the strengths perspective is based on both knowledge and belief. Throughout my college career, I was taught by experts that the strengths perspective was a highly efficient model to use in social work practice. Because they were experts in social work, this leads me to believe that the strengths perspective was effective. I never doubted that ...

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Psychological Effects Of Violent Media On Children Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,253 )

Tompicins (2003), conducted a research to find out that how video games effect the mind of children and result in the aggressive behavioral problem. This paper also shows that how children become less sensitive to pain and become fearful. Academy of Pediatrics conducted a research on children to find out that how video games and other media psychologically affect the children mind and find out that significant ...

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Career Development Inventory Application And Case Study Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,822 )

The Career Development Inventory (CDI), created by Albert Thompson, Richard Lindeman, Donald Super, Jean Pierre Jordan, and Roger Myers. The CDI operationally defines Super's structural model of career choice readiness among adolescents and emerging adults. Inspired by the construct of reading readiness, Super, reasoned that the readiness to and resources for making educational and vocational choices emerged during childhood and developed during adolescence. Super believed that vocational ...

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Extraversion And Facebook Use Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,641 )

Facebook is a massive social networking site for communication with friends, family and colleagues, facebook is different to other social networking sites as it allows us to establish an offline to online trend. This research investigates to see if there is a correlation between extraversion and hours spend on facebook each week, the research shows that there is a positive correlation between the two variables and that ...

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Functionalism behaviorism and evolutionary psychology

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,604 )

Each school of thought within the psychology profession presents its own history and has developed within a specific social, political, intellectual, and religious context. Each school of thought has also had their own accomplishments, failures, demises, and has been modified by schools of thought that have followed them in time. In this paper, the context of development, rise and demise, as well as contributions to the specialization ...

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Brain Development And The Process Of Learning Languages Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

3 (1,120 )

A baby speaks directly to the camera: "Look at this. I'm a free man. I go anywhere I want now." He describes his stock-buying activities, but then his phone interrupts. "Relentless! Hang on a second." He answers his phone. "Hey, girl can I hit you back?" That scenario has been very common in commercials and movies throughout the past 15 years in which the majority of viewers ...

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Case study of film: love actually

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,985 )

In 2003 a romantic comedy 'Love Actually', was released which was written and directed by Richard Curtis. The film is set in London and delves into many dissimilar aspects of emotions like love, anger, and happiness. Throughout the film, there are ten separate stories, which are all about very different people, many of whom shown are with connections in several ways. Love actually begins five weeks before Christmas ...

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The Basic Building Blocks Of Quantitative Research Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Qualitative Research Methodology is gaining wide spread acceptance among Researchers in Social Sciences Circle but finds less acceptance among Basic Scientists and Engineers who prefer to use Quantitative (Statistical) Methods of Research. Statistics can be defined as collecting, summarizing, and analyzing of data. Selection of a statistical analysis that is appropriate depends on whether the data for the variable under study are qualitative or quantitative. Quantitative data ...

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The Process Of Perception Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Perception refers to the way we perceive our environment by organising, identifying and interpreting sensory information in order to make an appropriate action, so as to understand the environment. Perception thus involves, creating an experience of the world around us, so as to survive and interact with it. Process of Perception The process of perception is thus a sequence of steps, which begins with understanding the environment ...

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Link Between School Violence And Bullying Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,743 )

School shootings seem to be the new type of youth violence that is sweeping across the nation. This new trend has an eerie way of turning a school, which should be a safe haven for children, into a battlefield. Stories of troubled children turning to guns to make a statement or to get back at the school can be found all over the news. School shootings are ...

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History Of A Sexual Disorders Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

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Many misconceptions exist under the topic of sexual disorders, whether what is known as normal or abnormal, especially in different cultures around the world. There are disorders many suffer with, negatively impacting their life and that with a partner and others around them. Every disorder arises from a cause, from trauma to high stress levels. Also, it is clarified where the limits lie, thus making it easier ...

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Principles of operant conditioning reinforcement and punishment

23 Mar 2015

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Operant conditioning is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. The changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment. A response produces a consequence such as defining a word, hitting a ball, or solving a math problem (Myers, 2004). Behavior often results in a positive or negative consequence, and people ...

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Physical appearance is positively related to self-esteem level

23 Mar 2015

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A number of existing researches have confirmed that physical appearance is positively related to self-esteem level. Self-esteem exists in all mankind. Human beings tend to evaluate and examine themselves, and if they find that they are lacking of something in their physical appearance they are more likely to take measures to self create something that will make them feel satisfied and attain a complete self (Schouten, 1991) ...

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Impression formation by the use of central traits

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,594 )

13 participants were placed under test conditions to determine whether there is a difference in the writing of the descriptions and if these differences would result in more conclusions being accurate. As well as this, participants were also tested to determine if there was any change on the impressions formed about an individual because of their type of living conditions, in this case, type of residence. The ...

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Psychobiological Interventions To Improve Endurance Performance Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,114 )

Psychobiology (also known as behavioural neuroscience) is the study of the biology of behaviour. In this subject, behaviour is explained as a result of complex chemical reactions and biological events within the brain. Psychobiology studies the role of biological factors in sensation, perception, learning, memory and language. A study by Hamilton-West (2011) explores that the biological focus of psychobiology is on the central nervous system (CNS), immune ...

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Study on the importance of race and ethnicity

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,490 )

Racial and ethnic identity, commonly defined as the significance and meaning of race and ethnicity to one's self-concept (Phinney, 1996; Sellers, Smith, Shelton, Rowley, & Chavous, 1998), represent crucial components of adolescent development and exploration among youth of color (W. E. Cross & Cross, 2007). Cross, W. E., Jr., & Cross, T. B. (2007). Theory, research, and models. In S. M. Quintana & C. McKown (Eds.), Race, ...

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Psychological diagnosis of a fictitious client

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,189 )

As described in appendix A, Joan is a 22 year old woman that has been referred for psychological evaluation from her doctor after presenting somatic complaints. Although in the doctors' opinion no apparent physical basis can be found for the complaints presented, Joan highlights that she has nausea, rapid heart palpitations and sweating. An initial interview reveals Joan is a current university student and has been in ...

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How useful psychology is in everyday life

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,854 )

Psychology is not a single subject of enterprise as infact it can be pinned down to quite a lot of coalated specialities for example developmental psychology, clinical psychology, cognitive psychology,psysiological psychology which all have different focus points. Developmental psychology has a focus point on studying the age-related changes which occur in all living beings across the life span. On the otherhand, clinical psychology is more based on ...

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Existing career theories cannot account for modern career paths

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,628 )

In today's times it is agreed that careers are continuously changing and are adapting to the fast pacing world of work. Along with the change there is a consensus on the direction of that change (Collin & Watts, 1996). The traditional theories and practice of work have given birth to new modern careers, careers that are liberating and all-encompassing - a blended use of knowledge and skills ...

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Investigating Youngs Double Slit Experiment

23 Mar 2015

8 (2,940 )

In the early 1800s, a great debate arose within the scientific community, was light a wave or a particle? The famous Isaac Newton, argued that light was in fact a particle. On the contrary, a scientist by the name of Thomas Young argued that light was not a particle but that it was a wave. To go along with his argument he devised an experiment to test ...

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How Music Affects Human Beings Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,203 )

Music can help people in many ways. Music is known to help people with memory and languages problems by helping them remember and learning how to speak again. It can also improve your health and productivity and it serves as a form of expression, as well as a way for teenagers to understand and identify some emotions that they might be feeling. Listening to music is also ...

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Study On Serial Position Curve Phenomena

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,705 )

The Serial Position Curve is a psychological phenomena founded by Murdock (1962) in an experiment where the participants were tested for recall on a list of words previously learnt. This experiment has in turn become an accepted measure of memory testing. The theory for the serial position curve is that people recall a list of pre-learnt words best at the beginning and at the end of the ...

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Heredity and Environmental influences and its Effects

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,201 )

Personality is a set of characteristics or traits that reflect in one's cognitive, affective and behavioural states. Personality may be based on many factors. It may be based on innate or learned experience, or latent or manifest. But, the focus of this essay will be whether a person's personality is based on the magnitude of genetic or an environmental influence. Personality can be divided into two categories, ...

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Facilitate Or Impede Helping Behaviour Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,659 )

It has often been assumed that animals were in the first place rendered social, and that they feel as a consequence uncomfortable when separated from each other, and comfortable whilst together; but it is a more probable view that these sensations were first developed, in order that those animals which would profit by living in society, should be induced to live together,…for with those animals which were ...

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The Lifestyles Among Students Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,142 )

Students face various stresses and with the change of values and modern rearing practices shaped by new media, the nature of stressors has changed. Present study tries to identify and evaluate the life-style to stress and examine the impact of the same on well-being and examines the coping mechanisms used by the students. For the present study student sample (N=100) from of a reputed sectoral management institute ...

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The Study Of Human Behavior Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,095 )

The study of human behavior is diverse and many studies have been done trying to find more about human behavior. Many researchers have concluded that human behavior is complex and sometimes unpredictable. The environment is one of the major factors in the development of human behavior. The unpredictability of human behavior tries to show that people are unique and operate on different ideas and backgrounds. In addition, ...

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The effectiveness of jacobson progressive muscle relaxation

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,543 )

The term anxiety has become a part of everyday life. The concept of anxiety may differ according to the individual because of anxiety to the individual because of anxiety is an alternating single of depression, its warn of impending danger and enable a person to take measures to overcome treat in life measures to overcome treat in life. The state of psychological factor like joys, sadness, anger ...

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What does the future hold for psychology

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,412 )

The lack of unification in psychology has been a topic of countless debate in the discipline over the years with many researchers believing it to be in a state of theoretical disarray. The numerous different perspectives in psychology, such as the cognitive, psychoanalytic and humanist perspectives, as well as their different methodologies have served to produce limitless theories all working in isolation and against one another. This ...

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The Causes Of Stress In High School Students Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,776 )

High school is a major time in a students life, where they learn who they are and what they are going to do in life Suldo, Shaunessy, Thalj, Michalowski, and Shaffer, 2009. During this time students will experience stress on several degrees, from academic stress to stress on their personal life (Mates and Allison, 1992). In a study by Sulaiman, Hassan, Sapien, and Abdullah (2009) it was ...

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analysis of klinefelters syndrome

23 Mar 2015

12 (4,719 )

Many chromosomal abnormalities occur early in development and involve the sex chromosomes. Klinefelter's Syndrome falls directly into this category. Klinefelter's Syndrome is a genetic condition affecting the male population. The following information observes who discovered Klinefelter's Syndrome and when it was first diagnosed. The etiology or genetic and environmental factors of the condition are discussed as well as complete description of the disability and the clear diagnostic ...

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Study on understanding research process

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,554 )

Research methodology refers to the various sequential steps adopted by a researcher in studying the problem with certain objectives in mind. It is an explanation of the method of systematic and critical investigation into an identified subject of study. With an explanation of the elements in the concept of Research Onion (Saunders, Lewis, & Thomhil, 2007) the researcher will describe the steps adopted to do this research. ...

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Turner and moscovici disagree over the minority influence

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,383 )

Minority influence research can be said to begin with Solomon Asch himself being influenced by Muzafer Sherif's (1936) classic study on group norms. Asch then went on to conduct his own famous study on conformity (majority influence) in 1951 and his subsequent finding that 37 percent of his participants conformed to a clearly erroneous majority opinion was a surprise for many in the field at that time. ...

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Negative Effects Of Peer Rejection Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,969 )

This paper researches the effects of peer rejection on children, from the beginning of elementary school and transitioning into middle school, and the adverse effects that peer rejection can have. The paper also examines if there are certain factors, such as race, sex, parental care, or societal deviance, that correlate to or can be used as predictors of peer rejection. Looking at peer rejection shows multiple adverse ...

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Culture Shown In Advertising Materialism Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

16 (6,129 )

Belk and Richins as giving importance/being attached to worldly possessions. He proposed three measures to quantify materialistic traits, namely - possessiveness inclination and tendency to retain control of one's possession), non-generosity (unwillingness to give possessions to or share possessions with others) and envy (interpersonal attitude involving displeasure and ill-will at the superiority of (another person) in happiness, success, reputation, or the possession of anything desirable). [Globalization does ...

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How useful are seminal and contemporary individual theories

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,849 )

Theories on individual differences both have theoretical and pragmatic value in interpreting my personal experiences. This essay shall discuss how the seminal theories of Freud and Rogers may be used to explain personal life events. Moreover, the utility of contemporary individual differences theories and empirical researches shall subsequently be tackled. These cover individual differences in intellectual ability, affect, and sociability. One of the seminal theories of personality ...

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Personality Assessment Instrument Or Inventory Critique Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,010 )

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory was developed by psychiatrist J.C, McKinley and psychologist Starke R. Hathaway at the University of Minnesota in the late 1930s. The MMPI-2 is one of the most widely used personality test in the practice of psychology. The test was developed in the United States in the middle of the lat century. Today it is however used in the entire world. It is ...

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what an overall research methodology is

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,676 )

This section discussed what an overall research methodology is and why and what research tools and methods has been adopted to gain and analyze results. The chapter begins with the research purpose which is followed through the research philosophy, research approach then research strategy and data collection method. There is a fixed aim and objectives in this research which have to be response hence it is really ...

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Falling In Love Is Considered A Norm Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

10 (3,704 )

Falling in love is considered a norm in modern society since arranged marriages are not forced upon the majority of todays generation. The purpose of this essay is to investigate and discuss the different factors involved in falling in love. One of the factors that contribute to falling in love is physiological needs, which involves hormones and needs for sexual fulfillment in relationships. Next, there are affiliation ...

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Having Aggression As Dreams Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

9 (3,496 )

Dreams are not visions of the future. They are simply the result of what you see in your mind when asleep. It portrays what you want, either factually or symbolically. If you dream of winning a Lamborghini from a draw, it's because it's subconsciously on your mind. Dreams can affect our daily lives because they can motivate us to make our dreams come a reality. However, because ...

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Trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy with children

23 Mar 2015

4 (1,453 )

By 16 years of age, 25 percent of children and youth "in the United States are exposed to at least one traumatic event" (Silverman et al., 2008). Studies show that children as a group are especially at high risk for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after a traumatic event. Furthermore, "clinical and population studies" indicate that "children who have" developed PTSD due to experiencing child abuse are ...

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Theoretical Perspectives Behind Role Modelling Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

8 (3,180 )

Role model, hero, idol and star are just a few of the terms that can be used to describe highly influential figures in society. The term 'role model' is widely used and has been described by Spencer (1998, p.58) as "an individual whose actions are worthy of imitation." Yancy (1998, p.254) describes a role model to vary from an individual who is "perceived as exemplary, or worthy ...

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The relationship between Stress and Illness

23 Mar 2015

5 (1,611 )

The term stress is used to describe the physical and emotional strain one can display as a direct response to pressure from the outside world. The pressure and consequence response can be acute (short) or chronic (long). Almost any thing can create stress situation, and stress is not always in negative format. Some people thrive off stress and are motivated by new challenges. The problem lies when ...

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Job Stress As A Safety Hazard At Work Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,384 )

The nature of work is changing at whirlwind speed (2). Job stress is defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). This type of stress can lead to poor health and injury. Stress is a misfit between ...

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Depression Anxiety Stress Scale Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

6 (2,178 )

The death of parents is among the most painful events that occur in life. An anticipated, 3.5% of adolescents in the United States have experienced the parental death (Social Security Administration, 2000). Literature suggests that parental death places children endangered for many negative outcomes including psychological problems (e.g., depression, anxiety, somatic complaints, PTSD), traumatic grief (e.g., a longing for deceased and lack of acceptance of loss), decreases ...

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Stress Is Experience That Creates Physiological Imbalances Psychology Essay

23 Mar 2015

7 (2,725 )

Stress is an experience that creates physiological and psychological imbalances within a person . It is a body reaction to any demands or changes in this internal and external environment . whenever there is a change in external environment , such as temperature , pollution , humidity and working conditions , it leads to stress . In these days of competition , when one wishes to surpass ...

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