Modern Methods Of Construction

23 Mar 2015 07 Jul 2017

16 (6,340 )

This dissertation will discuss the effect of Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) and particularly the Off-Site Construction (OSC), on the building sector today, and how these methods will contribute to help and resolve social, financial, and environmental difficulties that facing the UK. 1.2 DEFINITION Off-site construction is an application of modern methods of construction MMC where building sector meets the industrial sector, or by other word, a ...

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The Evolution of Quantity Surveying

23 Mar 2015 28 Jun 2017

6 (2,009 )

Keywords: quantity surveying history Quantity implies amount, number, measure, extent, size, magnitude and mass. Surveyor denotes inspector, assessor, examiner, reviewer and evaluator. The name Quantity Surveyor was originally derived from the initial need for the profession; which is to prepare the Bill of Quantities from plans, describing the material, items of work and the quantities required. Builders also use the Bill of Quantities when submitting tenders in ...

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Tender Reports in Construction

23 Mar 2015 28 Jun 2017

5 (1,645 )

Keywords: tender report construction, tender report Tender report is an analysis or evaluation report that was prepared by a quantity surveyor about the tenders which submitted by the tenderers. This report was prepared to give suggestions to the public sector client, i.e. the government or the private sector employer about the best contractor for the project through evaluating the submitted tender documents in various aspects and to ...

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Triple Bottom Line (TBL) Concept Analysis

23 Mar 2015 13 Jun 2017

10 (3,627 )

Keywords: triple bottom line concept, tbl analysis In this assignment, the notion of "Triple Bottom Line" (TBL) reporting is being analysed critically. The definition of the term, created by John Elkington, as well as its concept and general principles (social, environment and economic lines) are discussed in this report. Representations of TBL in the Business and Government Organisations sectors are further explored with its five different interpretations: ...

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Health and Safety in Malaysian Construction

23 Mar 2015 12 Jun 2017

16 (6,007 )

Malaysia construction industry is the higher fatalities compared with among all the industry in Malaysia table 1 Occupational accident by sector for the category of death from 2009 April to 2011 April shown at below. (Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), 2009-2011). Implementing safety and health requirement should be part of Contractors responsible. (Dongping.F, et al., 2006, p: 434) Contractors comply with Occupational Safety and Health ...

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Quality Assessment System in Construction

23 Mar 2015 12 Jun 2017

15 (5,885 )

Keywords: qas construction, construction quality assessment, quality of workmanship Quality assessment system in construction industry is a system or method to measure and evaluate the quality of workmanship of a construction work based on the relevant approved standard. This assessment sets out the standard on quality of workmanship for various construction elements of building and infrastructure construction work. The quality of workmanship of a construction work is ...

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Participants in Construction Projects

23 Mar 2015 12 Jun 2017

6 (2,175 )

Keywords: roles in construction, construction skills, construction project management A construction project is a task undertaken in the production of construction products. The term project in this context is being used for the total activity from inception to commissioning and occupation, involving an agreed and planned objective and total input of specialist participants and their interrelationships. It is a temporary non-recurrent activity that is started, implemented, evaluated ...

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Professionals in Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 07 Jun 2017

9 (3,370 )

Who are the professionals in construction industry?The Professionalism in Constructions is a combination of derived significant activities of professionals'. This is mainly related with their job tasks, such as; an active demonstration of the traits of professionals, also the level of professionalism can be evaluated how successful you are in your job and also it can be decided how others' view on you and how far you ...

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Professional Ethics in Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 07 Jun 2017

3 (911 )

Keywords: ethics in construction, construction industry ethics 1.1 Background In the complex and hectic world of work, it is becoming harder to live and work by values and behaviors based on integrity and principles. Pressures are placed upon professionals of the construction industry, where they do not always act the way they should, and matters are seldom black and white. Even though professionals are trying to the ...

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Bidding Strategy of Construction Companies

23 Mar 2015 07 Jun 2017

4 (1,264 )

Keywords: bidding strategy construction, bidding in construction, construction bidding strategy Introduction This report aims to assess the value to construction companies of having a defined bidding strategy that is complied with when tendering for new work. The majority of construction companies have a bidding strategy of some form whether it is specified or not, in the instance that a company does not engage in a process of ...

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Bridge Construction Concerns and Problems

23 Mar 2015 07 Jun 2017

10 (3,794 )

Introduction Scope and aims Structure of report An extensive part of this report was dedicated to the literature review. Though actually the most interesting part is the one which concerns to the results of the vulnerability of bridge of the case study, it is not admissible to neglect all the general considerations based on an extensively research in technical text, through which was possible to determine the ...

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Problems And Challenges Facing The Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 06 Jun 2017

5 (1,913 )

Keywords: construction industry technology, construction industry challenges There are numerous important challenges facing today's construction industry that are motivating the adoption of new technologies such as RFID and sensors technology. Some are new to the industry, and some are centuries old. Many of these challenges are a direct result of construction operations, while others a result of indirect, peripheral activities. Some of the construction issues include workforce ...

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Eco-Friendly Sustainable Building

23 Mar 2015 06 Jun 2017

3 (839 )

Keywords: sustainable housing advantages, sustainable building uk, green building benefits People build building and structures for meet their social need and for shelter from out sided attack which is like wind, rain, sunlight and etc. For developer, they build building is to meet economic needs which is for investment and to satisfy corporate objectives. People's lifestyle and the standard of living and also modernized a community can ...

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Importance of Solar Energy Essay

23 Mar 2015 06 Jun 2017

2 (800 )

Keywords: solar energy importance, solar energy debate, solar energy renewable Solar energy is the nature available source of energy; it is continuous providing by the Sun. It is the most important of non-conventional sources of energy therefore it is one of the non-polluting energy and helps in less the greenhouse effect. The method as solar panels absorb energy from sun to gain heat for water heating. ...

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Importance Of Civil Engineering in Britain

23 Mar 2015 06 Jun 2017

4 (1,438 )

Keywords: civil engineering importance, civil engineering uk Civil Engineering is the key to many of the issues affecting our daily lives. Civil engineers solve most problems and make our live easy and enjoyable. Civil engineering covers several specialized sectors including: buildings of all kinds as well as transport and communications infrastructure, production, storage and distribution of electricity gas and water. Most everything civil engineers do affects our ...

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Causes of Concrete Failure

23 Mar 2015 05 Jun 2017

10 (3,896 )

Keywords: concrete failure, failure in concrete Concrete and steel are materials commonly used in building construction. Concrete is formed by mixture of aggregates which are sand and stone, and bonded together by water and cement with the proper ratio of 1:2:4 or 1:3:6 which is commonly used. Steel is a material that is manufactured under carefully controlled condition by which its properties are determined in a laboratory. ...

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Importance Of Construction Planning

23 Mar 2015 02 Jun 2017

3 (1,104 )

Construction planning and preparation play a very important role in today's construction. The effectiveness of the planning and preparation lead to the success of a project including the quality and time consumed in completing the project. A good and properly planned construction site can improve the efficiency and even the safety of the construction operation. Therefore, to construct a good building, the step of planning cannot be ...

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Procurement Route Selection And Analysis

23 Mar 2015 31 May 2017

8 (3,115 )

Keywords: construction procurement routes The purpose of this report is to evaluate the procurement routes of construct a new auditorium with high specification technology for Heriot Watt University. The report includes defining several procurement routes, determining the recommended procurement route for this project. This report also covers the evaluation of influence factors and the potential benefits for adopting the recommended procurement route. Background Heriot Watt University (HWU) ...

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Environmental Impact Assessment Report For Airport Project

23 Mar 2015 31 May 2017

5 (1,878 )

Keywords: environmental impact assessment airport, eia report example As an officer with a consultant firm located in a developing country, you are in charge of preparing an Environmental Impact Assessment Report for a new airport project in the capital city. Provide a guideline for such a report, stating important requirements that are needed. Make appropriate assumptions when necessary. Introduction Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a study to ...

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Quantity Surveyor Role Description

23 Mar 2015 31 May 2017

7 (2,618 )

Quantity surveyor is the person/ firm who manage the cost relating to the construction projects, such as new constructions, maintenance work and renovations. Quantity surveyor monitors the cost of every aspects of a construction project as a cost expert, as well as seeks to minimize the costs of the project and to make more cost savings while ensuring the total cost of project does not exceed the ...

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ICE Construction Contract

23 Mar 2015 30 May 2017

8 (3,009 )

Keywords: ice contract type, ice contract example, construction ice contract The ICE Conditions of Contract 7th edition Measurement Version 1. Introduction The ICE contract has been around since 1945 and is intended for use on civil engineering work. Civil engineering work is fundamentally different from building work - it involves fewer trades, but can be much bigger in scale; there is greater uncertainty in civil engineering work, ...

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Quantity Surveying: Challenges

23 Mar 2015 26 May 2017

4 (1,208 )

Keywords: quantity surveyor changes, quantity surveyor problems In future day, the prospect of a quantity surveyor will being an interesting issue to discuss due to the various services, knowledge, and skill it provided. The liability of the role of quantity surveyor will be concerned in the aspects of ability and characteristic of them to adapt in the future development. There will be suspicion toward on how a ...

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Constructing a Multi-Storey Bulding

23 Mar 2015 25 May 2017

6 (2,283 )

Keywords: multi storey building materials When dealing with a multi-storey building it is important to get the right materials as these materials will hold the structure together, the multi-storey building itself is very large and will be constantly in use as it is a hotel so the building will be subjected to different loads and situations. Loadings on beams, columns, frames, pads and floors can cause many ...

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Risks In Bandra Worli Sea Link Project

23 Mar 2015 24 May 2017

8 (3,003 )

Keywords: movement of vehicles in mumbai, mumbai urban transport project, ecological compliance in india The Movement of Vehicles in Mumbai city and the Bandra-Worli Sea link project are like disease and anti dote. It is the perfect solution for the site's endless Movement of Vehicles issue. The native rail network provides better tracks, AC coaches and transports million of travellers. The non-rail components have new roads, over ...

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Effects of Disputes in Construction

23 Mar 2015 22 May 2017

11 (4,004 )

This chapter initially deals with the causes and effects of delays in projects relating to the construction, engineering and IT industries, and the resulting disputes within them. The analytic comparison of delays in each of these industries has then been carried out. Various project case studies, pertaining to the causes and effects of delays and disputes, belonging to each of the above industries have then been included ...

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Role Of The Quantity Surveying Profession

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

4 (1,492 )

In order to identify the role of the Quantity surveyor in the modern UK industry we will review his implications and duties during all the different stages of the construction cycle. Also and for information we will review how a Client appoints a Quantity surveyor and when, in order to understand his early involvements in the process. And finally we will explain how the surveyor claims his ...

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Precast System In Malaysia Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

6 (2,055 )

The world has currently been alarmed with the issue of environment and sustainability, and indeed the construction industry has constantly been worried by the increasing cost of building maintenance and lifecycle issues. Therefore, in the last decade, IBS was promoted to enhance the importance of prefabrication technology rather than conventional method. Industrialised Building System (IBS) can be defined as a construction system in which components or elements ...

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Slump Test With Relevant British Standard

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

9 (3,243 )

Describe the slump test in accordance with relevant British Standard and indicate why it is an important test. How would concrete workability be determined if the concrete is required to be very dry? In accordance with relevant British Standards (BS EN 12350-2:2009), the slump test is important as it determines the consistency of fresh concrete. The fresh concrete is compacted into a mould in the shape of ...

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Roles Of A Quantity Surveyor

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

3 (1,018 )

Quantity surveyors, who may also be known as commercial managers or construction cost consultants, are specialists in the financial and contractual aspects of construction projects. They are involved at all stages of the project and are usually appointed by the architect or engineer who has designed the construction. They act as the financial overseer of a particular project, translating the plans into detailed costs. This involves working ...

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Analysis Of The Key Procurement Issues

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

7 (2,627 )

We refer to your management in taking the opportunity to rebuild three of the Cinnamon Grand hotels in South East of the UK ,to a better quality and facilities than before they were destroyed by the bad weather and storm. The rebuild hotels are requiring being in line with the client's policy on architectural significance and aesthetics of the building. The quality of the building is thus ...

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Preparing Estimates For Cost Planning

23 Mar 2015 19 May 2017

5 (1,871 )

The Cost Planning is a method of cost controlling the cost of a project within a pre-determined sum up to the tender stage. Cost Planning give advice to client how much will be project cost. As well, cost planning will advise when the expected expenses will most possible occur. Hence it's important for get required project finance and for determining possible project profit. Therefore cost planning ...

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Construction Productivity Measurement Techniques

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

11 (4,272 )

The construction industry remains one of the few most labour intensive industries in the developed world. It is therefore imperative to understand the measure of construction labour productivity. Furthermore, recent institutional and industrial calls for an increase in productivity suggest a desperate need to get the measurement of productivity levels right. The research reported in this paper forms part of an ongoing Ph.D. study into the issue ...

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Building Failure Caused By Primary Parties

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

20 (7,964 )

Building failure can be some part of building cracking occur, more seriously will bring building collapse. Building collapse will carry the risk of human injure or deaths. For example, buildings and structures all around start falling. This causes many people to get hurt, many of them fatally, because of the impact of falling material. Or, in high rise buildings, people themselves might fall from higher floor, thus, ...

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Payment And Delay Issues | Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 18 May 2017

5 (1,829 )

The construction industry plays an important role in any country's development process. The industry establishes buildings and infrastructure works required for social economic development which contribute to the overall economic growth. The success of economic development will further lead to an increase in disposal incomes, generating demand for additional construction activities. Therefore, it is important to make sure the economy growth of construction industry is moving smoothly. ...

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Background To Quantity Surveying

23 Mar 2015 17 May 2017

7 (2,456 )

This written report will critically discuss the role of the Quantity Surveying in the short form named QS within the contemporary built environment. Before discuss or considering about what is the changing role of Quantity Surveyor is in the future, the background of the Quantity Surveying is worthwhile to have a review. The traditional roles and evolved roles of Quantity Surveryor will be briefly discussed. Least, the ...

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Sydney Opera House Construction Project

23 Mar 2015 17 May 2017

6 (2,016 )

The purpose of this assignment is to research the Sydney Opera House construction project and to prepare a report under the following headings: Project overview / Background Project team / Stakeholders Construction Project costs Executive summary / Conclusion Project Overview/Background The Sydney Opera House is one of the world's iconic buildings and is recognized by most people universally. It is has become a global symbol of Australia. ...

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Civil Engineering Technical

23 Mar 2015 17 May 2017

11 (4,358 )

Civil Engineering Technical Learning Journal Stage 1: Understanding Me My first degree was in Civil Engineering. I choose the field of civil engineering because I wanted to explore and study the inner details of the structure, also my academic strengths was mathematics and I enjoyed doing civil engineering as the most of the subjects was dealt with calculation and structural concepts. I like studying at the university ...

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Good health and safety at work

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

4 (1,581 )

INTRODUCTION: Good health and safety at work is not only important in human terms, but it is also one of the most effective ways to ensure that the enterprises are successful and sustainable. Simple cost benefit analysis will not be the appropriate way to look towards the issue of health and safety, as it is almost impossible to determine the cost of unquantifiable losses such as suffering, ...

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Project Concept And Strategy

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

14 (5,436 )

After the negotiation of the final contract, EID was given the authorization to begin the project. But there was no formal notice to proceed and the duration of the project was not closely monitored or contractually specified. In the appointment of an owner's representative during the design phase, to expedite owner's decisions and approvals, Mr. Ian Leadbetter, a mechanical and software engineer, was appointed as the owner ...

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Cement Industry: Environmental Changes

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

6 (2,245 )

Cement Industry Summary This report details the way in which the cement industry currently produces cement and outlines the reasons why it needs to be changed in order for it to have a lower less damaging effect on the environment as possible. This can be achieved by implementing new procedures in the process of manufacturing cement and also by using different materials in this process, all of ...

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Reinforced Concrete Frame Structure

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

14 (5,293 )

Reinforced concrete is one of the most widely used modern building materials. Concrete is 'artificial stone' obtained by mixing cement, sand, and aggregates with water. Fresh concrete can be molded into almost any shape, which is an inherent advantage over other materials. Concrete become very popular after the invention of Portland cement in 19th century. However, its limited tension resistance prevented its wide use in building construction. ...

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The Channel Tunnel Engineering Project

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

13 (4,811 )

The Channel Tunnel (French: le tunnel sous la Manche), widely recognized as one of the world's greatest civil engineering projects, is a 50.5km underwater rail tunnel connecting Folkestone, Kent in the UK with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais in France under the English Channel. Even though it began construction in 1988 and was opened in 1994, the idea to have a cross-channel tunnel was first mooted more than 200 years ...

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Stages of a building construction

23 Mar 2015 16 May 2017

5 (1,827 )

Building a project involves various stages including initial preparation of the client's brief, scheduling and research, specifications and construction development. Plans, designs and changes occur throughout a project, inevitably, therefore there must be a unified desire for communication, understanding and agreement. Design/Planning In order for a project to develop into an eventual success communication, understanding and agreement are essential. Comprehensive consultations concerning desires in terms of design, ...

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Using Prefabricated And Pre Engineered Buildings

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

15 (5,727 )

There are many different types of construction buildings such as residential, commercial or industrial. Industrial buildings are mainly used for manufacture & warehousing, offices, showrooms, sport, retailing, agricultural and horticultural buildings, recreation & leisure, swimming pool enclosures as well as many other aspects. If your business is in need of extra space; whether it is for storage or to conduct aspects of business, an industrial building, such ...

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Causes Of The Construction Defect

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

8 (2,928 )

Construction defects are very common and often arising or spot in the construction project, especially in the project which has poor management or supervision in the construction site. Construction defect can be known as a major problem in the construction industry that could cause the value of a building decrease eventually. For the question of "what is construction defect" there is no direct or short answer or ...

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Management Of Conflict And Dispute Resolution

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

10 (3,748 )

The nature of the construction industry in Hong Kong is such that there is an existing conflict between the major construction project participants, owners, design professionals and contractors. The construction industry is well-known for high levels of conflicts and disputes. Construction is construction, and no matter how complicated the technology. It is also a project-based industry with each project being unique. Within a project life cycle, a ...

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Analysis of contract types | Construction

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

5 (1,684 )

It consists of the Guest Rooms, Restaurant, Swimming Pools, Dance Studios, Health and Fitness Centre, Conference and Meeting Rooms. On the other hand, Electricity Power Supply System, Electrical Low Voltage System, Fire Services System, Central Air-conditioning System, Plumbing & Drainage System, Passenger Services Lifts with cargo lift services and Building structural finishing and furnishing were re-structured and re-designed respectively into three nos. of hotels. Cause of reconstruction ...

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The Role Of A Quantity Surveyors

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

6 (2,168 )

Quantity Surveyors are also widely known as construction economist or cost manager. They are known as one of the professional advisers to the construction industry. As an advisory, Quantity Surveyors estimate and monitor all construction cost thought the whole development process which is shown as below:- In each phase there consists of many stages. Quantity Surveyors are also involve with tax depreciation schedules, replacement cost estimation for ...

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A Study On Site Safety In Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

20 (7,982 )

The coverage of the construction industry is very wide-ranging; it consists of residential construction, commercial building construction, heavy engineering construction, civil engineering, industrial construction and infrastructure. Construction site is considered to be the most hazardous working place. In the construction site, safety and quality are always concerns by the people. In the recent years, construction industry is facing environmental problem due to the pollution and the hazards ...

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RIBA Work Stages And Construction Processes

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

4 (1,419 )

Identification of the steps in construction process: The steps which are identified in construction process through which the construction project passes is important if improvement is occur because it is necessary to every project that goes through similar steps in its assessment and finally the stages vary their intensity or the importance depending up on the project. There are different stages to analysis the process model such ...

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Role Of A Highway Design Engineer

23 Mar 2015 15 May 2017

3 (1,020 )

Highways are extremely important to a nations development in economical way. The high quality road networks construction directly leads to an increase in the nation's economy and its output by reducing the factors such as the journey times and costs. Such advantages can make the country more economically attractive. Highway engineering is a branch of Civil Engineering which involves the construction highway systems with the design and maintenance of ...

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Health And Safety Regulations In Hotels

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

8 (2,912 )

As the facilities Manager of our hotel that I am very concerned about the lack of awareness of safe working practices amongst our employees. Therefore, this presentation will help them to understand and practice health and safety regulations at workplace. This presentation helps to ensure that our hotel operation run well and meet our customers' expectations as well. But I should keep our hotel functioning at its ...

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Building System For Public Housing In Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

19 (7,265 )

The Malaysia construction industry plays an important role in generating wealth to the country and development of social and economic infrastructures and building. The industry provides job opportunities for 800,000 people which represented 8% of total workforce (CIMP, 2006). The construction industry is one of the productive sectors that constantly contribute to the economy. According to CIDB (2003), the IBS is a construction technique in which components ...

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Responsibility Of A Facility Manager Of Tesco

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

8 (2,819 )

In this study I try briefly to focus on the super market company, Tesco, with emphasis on the operational responsibility of a facility manager, legal, health and safety (H&S) obligations, administrative system, day to day responsibility of a facility manager. Introduction: Tesco is one of the largest food retailers in the world (the largest in the UK) and its objectives are to provide its staff with all ...

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Analysis Of The Procurement Route

23 Mar 2015 12 May 2017

6 (2,339 )

The main purpose of this report is to evaluate key procurement issues that the client has to consider in selecting an appropriate procurement route for the rapid reconstruct of three hotel building project. We have analysed four kinds of procurement routes such as traditional procurement route, design and build procurement route, management contracting procurement route and construction management procurement route. After the analysis, we have chosen a ...

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The Civil Engineering Measuring

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

8 (2,856 )

Construction project estimations are priced using a bill of quantities this is a detailed description of the items needed to finish the product and their costs. The first and foremost purpose of estimating is basically to set a budget for contract work. This budget is to be kept all the way through the project and is a guess of what the project on a whole will cost ...

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The Roles Of A Quantity Surveyor

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

5 (1,948 )

A Quantity Surveyor is an individual whom works on projects ranging from office blocks, schools, hospitals, factories to bridges, railways, oil and mining development, ship building and large process engineering works such as oil refineries, and anywhere that major construction work is carried out. Traditionally this role has been performed by a highly trained person with extensive knowledge in the operational procedures involved with construction or project ...

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Development Of Buildability And Constructability

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

9 (3,453 )

What is buildability or constructability? Is design for buildability or constructability is approachable? Can buildability concepts and theories enhance designers awareness of construction knowledge and buildability issues and reduce rework and increase construction productivity? , or can it inadvertently limit designer's creativity? At the heart of this review paper are debates about the potential of buildability concept and the usability of construction knowledge in design to sustain ...

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Why Carry Out Site Investigations?

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

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The purpose of a site investigation is to identify the ground conditions which might affect the proposed development. It enables better understanding of the site and immediate surroundings, which will enable safe and economic developments. They are a common requirement of the investors as well as the regulatory authorities. In the broadest sense, the ground conditions are understood to include not only the underlying soils and rocks ...

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Risk Management In Construction Contracts

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

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Risk management is vital when tendering for construction contracts. Risk is described by Atkinson (2001) as the "probability of an occurrence of a hazard and the magnitude of the consequences". Consequently risk can be considered as the likelihood of an experience occurring and the resultant effect of that experience if it takes place. As defined by RICS (2009) risk management is a means of processes where risks ...

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Insitu reinforcement concrete

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

13 (4,890 )

Suitable selection of materials and labour Insitu reinforcement concrete and structural steel are popular and dominates in the framing market of multi storey buildings. Through the above evaluation we found that the insitu reinforcement concrete frame's materials and labour is pretty much stable then steel and precast concrete frame. Therefore, we recommend using insitu reinforcement concrete frame approach in this development. Cost Cost is one of the ...

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Design Of High Rise Building Foundation

23 Mar 2015 11 May 2017

9 (3,213 )

Problems in foundation engineering are the selection of suitable beds and foundation for high rise building is one of the known problems in high rise building. In no of cases it has been discovered that the designing of building foundations goes beyond the limits of normative documents and their construction. As per requirement to ultimate strength bearing capacity especially for high rise building designs are extremely strict. ...

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Design Of Steel Structures

23 Mar 2015 10 May 2017

5 (1,760 )

Since the 80's the 20th century, the steel as a building material, being more widely used, this office and commercial building contractors in the performance is particularly important. In residential construction, the steel is also a certain proportion of the market. Structural steel is mainly used for roof and facade on the framework. However, from another point of view, the market shares of steel is not ideal, ...

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Natural Vs Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Polymer

23 Mar 2015 10 May 2017

9 (3,221 )

Concrete technology as a branch discipline of technology requires increase in the degree of specialization and consolidation of the fiber material in the cement matrix form composite materials. It requires knowledge of the concepts related to the interaction between the fiber and adhesive cement , mortar or matrix concrete that influence the production and nature of the product. The scientists and engineers have been actively exploring to ...

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British Legal Framework For Health And Safety

23 Mar 2015 10 May 2017

6 (2,331 )

In 1974 in Great Britain, the parliament adopted the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (HSWA) which became the major piece of legislation at work for health and safety matters in the country. This Act was adopted for all industries including construction. Its aims were to provide the main principles and duties to employers, employees and all the participant of the work activity in general ...

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Performance Criteria For External Walls

23 Mar 2015 10 May 2017

8 (3,137 )

External walls are referred to as cladding if they are made of masonry or panels. External walls are vertical elements which enclose the building. In the design of the specified building, the main performance criteria needed as requested by the client are as follows: WEATHER PROTECTION: Walls must be able to exclude rain, wind, snow, frost and sometimes heat and glare from the sun. The walls should ...

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Budget Over Runs And Late Completion Of Projects

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

12 (4,564 )

Construction projects are graded very successful if the work is completed within budget and to the deadlines agreed in the specification. However, the sad truth is that not all projects are guilty of being successful. Many projects experience failure due to the uncertainties associated with construction projects which include weather, materials, equipment, money and profitability, disagreements between clients, contractors and sub-contractors, statutory regulations, economic and political issues ...

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Long Span Roof Construction

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

12 (4,602 )

1.0 INTRODUCTION A roof, which is the one of the most essential parts of a building, is the covering on the uppermost part of the building that protects the building and its contents from the effects of weather i.e. rainfall, heat, sunlight, cold and wind depending on the nature and intended design of the building (Wiki n.d; Foster and Greeno 2007). The span of a roof is a ...

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Building Information Modelling

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

19 (7,358 )

Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a revolutionary technology and process that has transformed the way buildings are designed, analysed, constructed, and managed" (Hardin, 2009, p. 2). BIM has taken the construction industry into a new-era where all processes has fasten up, the benefits are not just time and cost savings but also reduction of risks and uncertain in construction process. From the through literature review of many ...

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Time And Cost Performance

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

20 (7,706 )

One of the most essential problems confronting the water and sanitation sector in the northern region of Ghana is performance of cost and time. In most cases time overruns occur in the donor-funded projects and in the extreme cases cost overruns. Time and cost overruns occur in almost all related water and sanitation construction projects in the northern region of Ghana. It is therefore essential to define ...

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Cost Control Techniques in the Construction Industry

03 Oct 2016 09 May 2017

8 (3,047 )

1.1 Objectives Project cost control weaken the common problem. Strengthen cost control, change the efficiency of enterprises is fundamental the survival and development projects in a market economy. Many companies have recognize the importance cost control, some companies development of relevant cost control system, some enterprises in implementing cost control responsibility, and made valuable experience of cost control. However, from the overall perspective, Project cost control related ...

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A Profile Of Construction Industry In India

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

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The present study reports profile of construction industry in India. It points that construction industry is one of the oldest industries providing ample employment to the people from village level to metropolitan cities. The size of construction industry ranges from small company owned by one or two individuals to a large industry employing thousands of people. In the present work inherent nature of construction industry have been ...

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The Accuracy Of Quantity Surveyors

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

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In view of the fact that the profession was being introduced in the country, Quantity Surveyors are construction professionals which being patronized under the Institution of Surveyors, Malaysia and its Board of Quantity Surveyor Malaysia. Advices are given by Quantity Surveyors on aspects of financial and contractual administration (ISM, 2004). ISM (2004) define, the Quantity Surveyor as the experts of capable in cost and management of construction ...

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Management Principles: The Latham Report

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

3 (841 )

The Latham report (July 1994) commissioned by UK Gov, written by Sir Michael Latham was an influential report defining the construction industries failures, constraints and procedures. The report identifies construction projects from start to finish, including the understanding of professional rolls, contract variations to achieve 'best practices' including procurement and contract mediation. Clients are understood as having a key role towards the speed of a construction project. ...

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Light gauge steel: History

23 Mar 2015 09 May 2017

7 (2,594 )

History and Development of Light Gauge Steel Within the Construction Industry At the end of World War Two, many countries, including the United Kingdom, Japan, France and Germany were suffering from an acute housing shortage. It was at this time that the use of light gauge steel was introduced into the construction industry by using it as a cladding system within the building of steel framed ...

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Public Transportation | Construction Essay

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

9 (3,347 )

Public transportation is an essential service that must be provided by the government to its citizen. Yet, it still an issue faced by most of developing countries all over the world including Malaysia. As it begins to transform itself to become a developed country in 2020, it is a crucial to have comfortable, reliable and affordable world-class public transportation system to meet the target. According to Ministry ...

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Methods Of Estimating For Cost Planning

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

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In the Construction industry, cost planning is a vital management process for control the overrun cost of project and gets maximum returns to the client within client agreed budget. Generally Quantity Surveyor as a Cost Manager who is involve to prepare cost planning and cost controlling process for specific stages with respect to the RIBA plan of work. There are some significant estimating methods for cost planning ...

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Materials For Cladding System

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

7 (2,623 )

The materials for cladding are often chosen for their manufacturing parameters, cost, durability as well as appearance. Examples of the materials are metal cladding and precast concrete cladding. Both of these differ in terms of strength, durability and cost of each material. Metal Cladding The durability of a metal cladding is affected by type of material, exposure of the panel, local environment factors, corrosion protection as well ...

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Impacts of construction industries in the UK

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

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1.0 Introduction The construction industry is a significantly important sector in the UK and has profound economical, social and environmental impacts. The UK construction industry contributes 10% of UK GDP and provides employments to 1.5 million people. Unfortunately, the environmental impacts caused by the construction activities are appalling: annually 70 million tones of waste are produced and 50% of all energy generated is used by the ...

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Access to safe drinking-water

23 Mar 2015 08 May 2017

5 (1,960 )

ASSIGNMENT Access to safe drinking-water is essential to health, a basic human right and a component of effective policy for health protection. The nature and form of drinking-water standards may vary among countries and regions. There is no single approach that is universally applicable. A number of governmental and non-governmental agencies provide guidance on safeguarding the quality of public water supplies. The documents according to which the ...

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Literature review and sustainable construction

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

6 (2,167 )

Literature Review Literature review consists of providing the author knowledge about the research area that is being undertaken. It shows what authors have to say about the research area and to criticise works done previously, this is to be related to the topic area and to identify the central issues as part of the study. According to Dr S.G. Naoum (2007) there are five main activities involved ...

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The Construction Industry Benchmark

23 Mar 2015 05 May 2017

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Construction Industry Benchmark The Review of the UK Construction Industry Benchmark Reports The first and foremost major report that reviewed the performance of the UK construction industry was enacted in 1929 and several other reports had followed suite up till the present time (Cain, 2003). Due to the multitudes of problems plaguing the UK construction industry, the UK government had at different times assembled teams of expert ...

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Modern Methods And Sustainable Built Environment

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

6 (2,169 )

The term Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) generally refers to off-site and prefabricated construction. Over recent years the use of MMC has increased within the construction industry as Construction Company's look to develop quicker, cheaper and more sustainable construction techniques than that of traditional methods. Sustainable Technology has been incorporated into construction to preserve the environment for future generations. The term Sustainable Development was first mentioned in ...

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Osha 1994 In Malaysian Construction Industry

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,988 )

The construction industry is the builder of our modern world. Nowadays, rapid economic development has not only led to the significant improvement in incomes and the quality of life, but also resulting in great increases in the number of people killed and injured at work. The statistics of accidents at construction sites give us a picture that Malaysian construction industry is one of the critical sectors that ...

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Tendering And Methods

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,980 )

The method of single stage selective tendering involves finding contractors, possibly from previous experience, and asking them to submit tenders for the project at hand. Because you choose your contractors yourself you can properly dig to find the best one. Past experience is always a help in making your decision, not only this but you can take into account the resources of the company you're using, their ...

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Industrialised Building System: Precast Concrete Elements

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

16 (6,324 )

In Malaysia, the implementation of Industrialised Building System (IBS) by using precast concrete elements were introduced since 1966 when the government lauched two projects which involves the construction of Rifle range Road Flats in Penang and Tuanku Abdul Rahman Flats in Kuala Lumpur. From the survey conducted by CIDB Malaysia, the level of usage in IBS in the local construction industry is 15 % in 2003 although ...

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The Importance Of Risk Management

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,995 )

Risk management is an important part of decision making process in a construction company. Risk can affect productivity, performance, quality, and budget of a construction project. This chapter gives an overview of construction project risks. Meanwhile, risks in construction project will be recognized and classified into several groups. Furthermore, the current trend in risk management researches will also be discussed in this chapter. It is very important ...

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The Project Of The Channel Tunnel

23 Mar 2015 04 May 2017

5 (1,894 )

The Channel Tunnel is considered to be the largest private sector infrastructure project of the twentieth century. It is a fixed link transportation system comprising twin rail tunnels with an additional service tunnel each 50.5 kilometres in length. These run below the English Channel connecting England and France. The terminals can be found in Folkstone in the UK and Coquelles, near Calais in France. In 1986, a ...

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Potential Causes Of Variation

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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Literature reviews that of Variations and Variation Orders requires a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of Variations (Hester et al., 1991).Variations some of which are financial, design aesthetics, changes in drawings, weather, geological and geotechnical reasons. From the literature review, there were 53 causes of Variations identified and these Variations are mainly caused by the Employer, Consultants and Contractors. As shown in Figure 1, these causes ...

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Green roofs in Malaysia

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

13 (4,959 )

In Malaysia, green roofs are considered as a fairly new concept although the concept offers many benefits. Green roofs promotes amenity and aesthetic benefits, environmental benefits, and economic benefits. The principal aim of this research is to improve the quality of green roof systems in Malaysia by develop design guidelines for green roof systems. This research will identify the performance benefits of green roof, the current phenomenon ...

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Factors Contributing To Building Defects

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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Defects occur in building for a variety of reasons. This is perhaps not surprising when one considers the wide range of materials and techniques used in the construction of building, differences in condition on building sites and the varied occupational uses of the completed building. The defects in buildings occur because the inadequate or drawback of the original design, the building was constructed without according with the ...

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Environmental Impact: Malaysia New Airport

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

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This report is about the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the evaluation and consideration of building a new airport for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to replace the existing Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport Kuala Lumpur. The proposed new Kuala Lumpur International Airport is in Sepang, Selangor. This report is prepared by consultant group from Syaszee & Co. appointed by the government for carrying out studies on the EIA ...

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Construction Essays - Building Demolition

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

6 (2,386 )

Identify a derelict building and taking into account factors such as its previous use, condition, structural features and location, prepare a plan for the safe demolition of the building that identifies the preferred method of demolition and outlines suitable technical and procedural control measures. The objectives of this report are to identify a derelict building and plan its demolition. The planning has to take account of the ...

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George Street Bridge Project Charter

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

5 (1,623 )

This Project Charter outlines the budget, schedule, scope, milestones and delivery strategy for design & construction of the George Street Bridge, Newport. This charter also includes the major risks and risk mitigation strategies associated with this construction Project. Once the project charter is complete, the project team will finalize a detailed construction schedule. And after the approval is granted by the Council, the project will be guided ...

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The Root Causes Of Accidents On Construction

23 Mar 2015 03 May 2017

7 (2,591 )

The construction industry is one of the biggest industries in the whole world. The contribution of this industry towards the global GDP is enormous. The construction industry is also a potential employment generator and employs large number of skilled and unskilled labors. In UK the construction industry employs more than 2.1 million people and accounts for around 9% of the total employment within UK (Howarth and Watson., ...

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The Building Materials Used In Construction

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

5 (1,885 )

In the world of construction, the king of building materials is concrete. It is the most common material and it constitutes the base of a lot of constructions like buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels, water pipes dams etc. It is an absolutely indispensable tool of civil engineers that is used for more than a century. Before its existence the largest portion of constructions was covered by two other ...

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The Implementation Of New Procurement Methods In India

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

25 (9,864 )

The construction industry in India is complex, challenging and unique. Selecting appropriate procurement method is a critical feature. In India even today traditional procurement methods are used. The options of adapting new procurement methods are open but there are various challenges in implementing them. This study will identify the barriers and difficulties which restrict the implementation of new procurement methods in India. The literature review investigated characteristics ...

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The Characteristics Of Design And Build

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

19 (7,448 )

The construction projects involve many activities. A construction project can refer to any building activity that includes building, repair, erection, demolition, maintenance, land clearing, earth moving, excavating, trenching, digging, boring, drilling, blasting, concreting, installation etc. (Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act, 1996). All these activities require large number of goods and services. Large number of transactions is needed to be set up to support the project. The ...

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Construction Management Procurement Route

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

9 (3,261 )

Cinnamon Grand is the privately owned large hotel chain in UK, they offer comfortable accommodation across the UK and are committed to preserving their rich heritage therefore they are very passionate about the outlook of their hotel buildings. A recent period of bad weather and severe storms has resulted in three Cinnamon Grand hotels being significantly destroyed in the south east of the UK. All destroyed hotel ...

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Construction Methodology Of Laying A Sewerage Pipes

23 Mar 2015 02 May 2017

7 (2,732 )

Briefly explain with the aid of diagramme, the construction methodology of laying a sewerage pipes and describe the reasons of different bedding type for vitrified clay (rigid) pipes and ABS (flexible) pipes. Above: pipes should be laid with fall. Side: excavation of trench. Below: workers are placing the pipes in the trench. The first thing to construct drains is a ground plan of the site, showing the ...

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